# Tagged Questions

177 views

### An algorithm and symbolic manipulation for IF-THEN-ELSE [closed]

CONCLUSION (so far)  Look at the parentheses theorem and at the comments below the question(s) :-) As for now, only Dan Peterson has truly addressed the issue. Q1   Does there exists an ...
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### Decidability of equality of elementary expressions

In the following definition the term expression is to be understood as a finite tree built from formal symbols without any predefined meaning assigned to them. Define the set $\mathcal{E}$ of ...
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### Can Tarski decide constructibility in elementary geometry?

Can the decision routine for Tarski's Elementary geometry be extended to decide when an existence claim in that theory can be instantiated by a compass and straightedge construction? The answer does ...
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### existence of equivalence checking algorithm

Set D : Set of decision algorithms X∈D if and only if X is an Turing machine algorithm with finite length takes one input i, binary number X(i)=0 or X(i)=1 or X(i) runs ...
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### Is equality of terms for “real” numbers with roots, logarithm, exponential, sin, cos, and other trigonometric operations decidable with a Turing-machine?

If yes, how? Also, I know you can't do it for arbitrary statements about real numbers, but that's not what I'm asking, and by "real" numbers, I mean the numbers constructible from 1, -, /, and the ...
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### Proving univariate polynomials (defined by sums, binomial coeffs, etc.) are nonnegative: is it 'routine'?

My colleagues and I are working on a project related to an old paper of C. Borell and we have boiled it down to the following problem: Show, for all integers $1 \leq i \leq k$, that the univariate ...
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### Composite finite-state machines

A finite state machine, FSM, is a box with C input/output channels, and S states, and a fixed map $f : S\times C \to S\times C\cup {0}$. If a state $(c_i,s_j)$ is mapped to the 0 element it means it ...
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### Fast algorithms for addition and multiplication of Zhegalkin polynomials

Hello to all, I'm interested in fast algorithms for addition and multiplication of Zhegalkin polynomials. For example, let $f_1(x_1, x_2, x_3) = 1+x_1+x_2x_3$ $f_2(x_1, x_2, x_3) = x_1+x_3$ I'd ...
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### Distribution of the computable numbers on the real number line

If we order all the positive computable real numbers $r_1,r_2,r_3...$ by their Kolmogorov complexity in some language $L$, then make a histogram plot of the $r_i$ on the real line, and we scale it ...
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### Definition of relativization of complexity class

Is there any general definition, for a class $C$ of languages, what is the relativized class $C^A$ for an oracle $A$? Usually, these classes and their relativizations seem to be defined in an ad-hoc ...
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### Is it decidable whether or not a collection of integer matrices generates a free group?

Suppose we have integer matrices $A_1,\ldots,A_n\in\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb Z)$. Define $\varphi:F_n\to\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb Z)$ by $x_i\mapsto A_i$. Is there an algorithm to decide whether ...
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### post correspondence problem variant

Is there an algorithm which takes as input two lists of words $v_1,...,v_n$ and $w_1,...,w_n$ over an alphabet $X$ and decides if there is an infinite sequence $(k_i)$ where $1 \leq k_i \leq n$ for ...