# Tagged Questions

The algebraic-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...

**22**

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597 views

### Enriques surfaces over $\mathbb Z$

Does there exist a smooth proper morphism $E \to \operatorname{Spec} \mathbb Z$ whose fibers are Enriques surfaces?
By a theorem of, independently, Fontaine and Abrashkin, combined with the ...

**21**

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568 views

### bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...

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**4**answers

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### Abundance for algebraic surfaces

I am currently teaching a course in algebraic geometry where one of the aims is to give an overview of the Enriques-Kodaira classification of surfaces. I am trying to throw in some modern aspects so I ...

**18**

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**1**answer

350 views

### Del Pezzo surfaces and homotopy groups of spheres

A (complex) del Pezzo surface is a smooth projective complex surface with ample anticanonical line bundle. Such surface has a degree defined as the self intersection of the canonical divisor. It is ...

**17**

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### blowing up, -1 curves, effective and ample divisors

Lets say we're on a smooth surface, and we blow up at a point.
Is there a simple explicit computation that shows to me the fact that the exceptional divisor E has self intersection -1 ? I don't ...

**17**

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**3**answers

834 views

### Hyperbolic Coxeter polytopes and Del-Pezzo surfaces

Added. In the following link there is a proof of the observation made in this question: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5546138/DelpezzoCoxeter.pdf
I would like to find a reference for a beautiful ...

**15**

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756 views

### When does the blow-up of $CP^2$ at N points embed in $CP^4$?

Write $X_N$ for this blow up. Place the N points in 'general position' as needed. Then $X_6$ embeds in $CP^2$ as a smooth cubic surface. (See, eg, Griffiths and Harris.) But there is no other ...

**13**

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### Surfaces containing curves of arbitrarily negative self-intersection

Olivier Wittenberg and I are curious about the following :
Let $S$ be a smooth projective complex surface. Are the self-intersection numbers of integral curves on $S$ always bounded below ? Or can ...

**13**

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### K3 surfaces with good reduction away from finitely many places

Let S be a finite set of primes in Q. What, if anything, do we know about K3 surfaces over Q with good reduction away from S? (To be more precise, I suppose I mean schemes over Spec Z[1/S] whose ...

**13**

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### Curves with negative self intersection in the product of two curves

I wonder if the following is known: Are there two compact curves C1 and C2 of genus>1 defined over complex numbers, such that their product contains infinite number of irreducible curves of negative ...

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### Algebraic surfaces and their (intrinsic) geometry

Recently I began to consider algebraic surfaces, that is, the zero set of a polynomial in 3 (or more variables). My algebraic geometry background is poor, and I'm more used to differential and ...

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### Vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$

I have a question about vector bundles on the algebraic surface $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$. My motivation is the splitting theorem of Grothendieck, which says that every algebraic vector bundle ...

**12**

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### A nontrivial surface on which any two curves intersect

One interesting property of the projective plane is that any two plane curves intersect. (More generally, if $V$ and $W$ are subvarieties of any projective space, and codim $V$ + codim $W \geq 0$, ...

**12**

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691 views

### Is the set of surfaces over Spec Z with ample canonical sheaf empty

Main question. Does there exist a smooth projective morphism $X\to$ Spec $\mathbf Z$ of relative dimension two such that the canonical sheaf $\omega_{X_{\mathbf Q}}$ of the generic fibre $X_{\mathbf ...

**10**

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**1**answer

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### what is the cyclic cover trick?

What do people mean by the "cyclic cover trick"? I have found this expression a couple of times with no complete explaination, both talking about curves and surfaces...

**10**

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**1**answer

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### When is the canonical divisor of an algebraic surface smooth?

Is there some condition on a complex algebraic surface that implies it has a smooth canonical divisor? I am searching for the sharpest possible condition, but sufficient criteria would be nice as ...

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**1**answer

228 views

### Euler Characteristic of Real Algebraic Surfaces

Given a (compact if needed) real smooth surface $V(f)$ defined by $f\in \mathbb{R}[X,Y,Z]$, in particular it is oriented. Is there a formula which gives the Euler character of $V(f)$ ?
Thanks.

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### Ample divisors on projective surfaces

Question: If $X$ is a projective surface and $U$ is an open affine subset of $X$, then is it true that $X \setminus U$ is the support of an (effective) ample divisor on $X$?
Background: I was reading ...

**9**

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**3**answers

962 views

### level sets of multivariate polynomials

Let $p:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a polynomial of degree at most $d$. Restrict $P$ to the unit cube $Q=[0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$. We assume that $p$ has mean value zero on the unit cube ...

**8**

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672 views

### Is the square of a curve minus its diagonal affine?

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible projective algebraic curve of genus $g\geq 1$ and $S=X^2$ the surface one obtains as the cartesian product of $X$ with itself. Let $\Delta$ be the diagonal in $S$, that ...

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### Nonprojective Surface

Let k be an algebraically closed field. It's well known that every complete curve, period, is projective. Also, that every smooth surface is, and that there are smooth 3-folds which are not, and ...

**8**

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### Uniformization of Kodaira fibered surfaces

Consider a Kodaira fibration. i.e. a smooth non-isotrivial fibration $X\rightarrow C$ with $X$ a smooth complex surface and $C$ a smooth complex curve, such that both the genus of $C$ and genus of the ...

**8**

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425 views

### Why can you deform singularities in two dimensions but not in higher dimensions?

I've been trying to read this paper to understand deformations of surface quotient singularities. I'm particularly interested in when one can deform certain cyclic quotient singularities into other ...

**8**

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**1**answer

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### Automorphisms of del Pezzo surfaces

Let $S$ be a del Pezzo surface of degree six over $\mathbb{C}$. Then $S$ is the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in three general points $p_1,p_2,p_3$.
Is it true that its automorphism group is ...

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**1**answer

334 views

### A proper smooth surface is projective

My question is a reference request for the following fact: if $k$ is a field and $X$ a proper smooth surface over $k$, then $X \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}\, k$ is projective. Where is this well-known ...

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**1**answer

406 views

### Are there non-projective normal surfaces which are rational?

Every non-singular complete surface is projective. On the other hand, there are non-projective complete surfaces (see e.g. Excercise II.7.13 of Hartshorne) - and there are such examples where the ...

**7**

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**1**answer

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### Pathologies of analytic (non-algebraic) varieties.

Note: By an "analytic non-algebraic" surface below I mean a two dimensional compact analytic variety $X$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) which is not an algebraic variety.
A property of Nagata's example (see ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Finite morphisms to projective space

Let $X$ be a projective variety of dimension n. Then there exists a finite surjective morphism $X \to \mathbf P^n$. Let $d$ be the minimal degree of such a finite surjective morphism.
Let $d^\prime ...

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### rational curve on varieties of general type

Let $S$ be a complex surface of general type. Are there infinitely many smooth rational curves on $S$? And more general, what if $V$ is a variety of general type?

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### Liftability of Enriques Surfaces (from char. p to zero)

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 0$, $X$ a variety over $k$.
We say $X$ lifts to characteristic zero, if there exists a local ring $R$ containing $\mathbb Z$ with ...

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**1**answer

350 views

### Is there a description of the moduli space of elliptic surfaces?

In this question elliptic surface means a smooth projective complex surface $X$, such that there is an elliptic fibration $\pi \colon X \to C$. (I.e., there is a curve $C$ and a proper map $\pi$, such ...

**7**

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### How do branched coverings of complex surfaces “fit” with branched coverings of curves?

Since I'm used to working with algebraic $\pi_1$'s, which don't work well with surfaces, I find myself lacking geometric intuition when I attempt to do these types of purely geometric arguments. I'm ...

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### Endomorphism algebras of abelian surfaces with real multiplication

Given an abelian variety $A$ over a field $F$, one may consider the ring of endomorphisms $End(A)$, the ring of $F$-rational maps $A \to A$ respecting the group structure on $A$. We may also consider ...

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258 views

### A question on an elliptic fibration of the Enriques surface

Let $S$ be an Enriques surface over complex numbers. It is known that $S$ admits an elliptic fibration over $\mathbb{P}^1$ with $12$ nodal singular fibers and $2$ double fibers. How can I see this ...

**6**

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607 views

### Embedding of algebraic surfaces

If I am not mistaken there is a theorem that says any curve $C$ can be embedded in $\mathbf{P}^3$. What can be said about surfaces? Do we have a theorem like:
All surfaces can be embedded in ...

**6**

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574 views

### Interaction of topology and the Picard group of Algebraic surfaces

It is well known that a smooth cubic surface $X\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has exactly 27 lines in it. Furthermore, it is easy to check that Picard group $$Pic(X)\cong \mathbb{Z}^7$$ Here the generators are ...

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365 views

### Quotients of rational surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective surface defined over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and let $G$ be a finite group acting biregularly on $X$.
Assuming that $X$ is rational over $k$, is the quotient $X/G$ ...

**6**

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**2**answers

501 views

### Isotrivial fibrations over $\mathbb P^1$

First of all I want to say that algebraic geometry is not "my field of research" so I apologize if the notation is not standard.
$S$ is a smooth complex projective surface with a fibration $f$ over ...

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**1**answer

234 views

### Is the Tate conjecture known for etale covers of products of curves

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) surface over a finitely generated field $k$. The Tate conjecture predicts that, for $l$ a prime number invertible in $k$, the Chern class map ...

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**1**answer

209 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

**6**

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**0**answers

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### Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...

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### pencils on varieties of general type

I was wondering about a generalization of the following property of surfaces of general type.
Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface of general type. Then there is no pencil of rational or elliptic ...

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675 views

### Are there (-2)-curves on an Enriques surface?

Let $X$ be an Enriques surface. A $(-2)$-curve is an irriducible rational curve on X such that $C^2 = -2$. By Proposition [VIII,16.1] from Barth-Peters-Van de Ven, we have that if $D^2 = -2$, then it ...

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### Basepoints in the Canonical System of Algebraic Surfaces

Let X be an smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbb{C}$. In the context of the minimal model program it is often important to understand the geometry of the maps defined by the complete ...

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**2**answers

613 views

### Vector Bundles on normal surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective normal surface over $\mathbb{C}$. In this related question it is stated as soon as $X$ is smooth any vector bundle defined on the compliment of a codimension 2 subset extends ...

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453 views

### Surfaces ruled over elliptic curves

Ground field $\Bbb{C}$. Algebraic category. Elliptic surfaces are those surfaces endowed with a morphism onto some smooth curve, with generic fiber an elliptic curve.
Suppose $E$ is an elliptic curve ...

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### Cone of curves and Mori Theorem for algebraic Surfaces

In describing part of the geometry of the cone of curves for an algebraic surface $S$, we need to find $(-1)$ curves within $S$. Once we've done that, then we can say that the "negative" part of the ...

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**1**answer

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### Embeddings of smooth projective surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface not contained in $\mathbb{P}^3$.
Is there any known condition on $X$ under which I can embed it into $\mathbb{P}^3$ such that the its image contains at most ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

778 views

### Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...