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21
votes
0answers
543 views

bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...
19
votes
0answers
534 views

Enriques surfaces over $\mathbb Z$

Does there exist a smooth proper morphism $E \to \operatorname{Spec} \mathbb Z$ whose fibers are Enriques surfaces? By a theorem of, independently, Fontaine and Abrashkin, combined with the ...
8
votes
0answers
928 views

Ample divisors on projective surfaces

Question: If $X$ is a projective surface and $U$ is an open affine subset of $X$, then is it true that $X \setminus U$ is the support of an (effective) ample divisor on $X$? Background: I was reading ...
6
votes
0answers
99 views

Endomorphism algebras of abelian surfaces with real multiplication

Given an abelian variety $A$ over a field $F$, one may consider the ring of endomorphisms $End(A)$, the ring of $F$-rational maps $A \to A$ respecting the group structure on $A$. We may also consider ...
6
votes
0answers
514 views

Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...
6
votes
0answers
181 views

pencils on varieties of general type

I was wondering about a generalization of the following property of surfaces of general type. Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface of general type. Then there is no pencil of rational or elliptic ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...
5
votes
0answers
205 views

Adjunction map for projective surfaces

Before stating my question, let me recall (part of) the classical result on the adjunction map for complex projective surfaces, due in this modern form to Beltrametti and Sommese: Adjunction ...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Can you get an Enrique surface from quotient of Abelian surface?

Let $A=\mathbb{C}^2/\Lambda^2$, where $\Lambda=\mathbb{Z}+i\mathbb{Z}$, be an abelian surface. Then every body knows that the resolution of the quotient $A/<\pm>$ is a K3 surface. Question: Is ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^4$ along a smooth surface

Let $\pi \colon X\to \mathbb{P}^4$ be the blow-up of a smooth surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^4$. Is there a formula to compute $(K_X)^4$ ? (which should be dependent on invariants of $S$). In dimension ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Does the Bombieri-Lang conjecture imply severe restrictions on rational points on twists of hyperelliptic curves?

According to Silverman, the Bombieri-Lang conjecture implies that the rational points of surface on general type lie on finite set of curves, except for a finite set of points. Let $f$ be univariate ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Pic^0 of the surface of bitangents of a quartic

Let $S$ be a generic quartic surface in $\mathbf{P}^3$. Let $T$ be the surface of the lines bitangent to $S$. What can we say about $Pic^0(T)$?
3
votes
0answers
211 views

Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?). It was said ...
3
votes
0answers
111 views

The central fiber of this family of surfaces?

I have a question on a description of a central fiber of the following family of surfaces. Let $B,C \subset \mathbb{P}^2$ be smooth curve of degree $2d$ and $d$ respectively. Let's consider the ...
3
votes
0answers
215 views

Contracting rational curves on surfaces and getting something non-algebraic

Recently I posted an "announcement" on arxiv where I said something to the effect of "this is the first example we know where contracting (a tree of) rational curves from a non-singular algebraic ...
3
votes
0answers
210 views

An arithmetic analogue of the discriminant curve of a conic bundle threefold

I am looking for an "arithmetic" analogue of a well known result on threefolds with a conic bundle structure. The following result can be found in [Iskovskikh - On the rationality problem for conic ...
3
votes
0answers
286 views

Does there exist a non-isotrivial fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres of general type surfaces?

We will work over the complex numbers C. This question is based on Beauville's article : there exist a non-isotrivial fibration of genus 2 over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres. but not know for ...
2
votes
0answers
173 views

On Abelian Galois Covering

Consider a complete quadrangle $\Delta$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ (i.e. the union of the six lines through points $P_1$, $P_2$, $P_3$ and $P_4$ in general position). Let $f: Y := \hat{\mathbb{CP}^2}(P_1, ...
2
votes
0answers
175 views

Stable Lefschetz fibrations

Let $S$ be a non-singular complex projective surface, then construct the Lefschetz fibration $\pi:\widetilde S\longrightarrow\mathbb P^1$ associated to $S$ (we have a birational morphism ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Topological/numerical constraints for the existence of more than one pencil

A famous theorem of Castelnuovo and de Franchis tells us that for $S$ a smooth projective complex algebraic surface that for $b \geq 2$, pencils $f : S \to B$ of genus $b :=g(B)$ are in bijective ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Computing Euler Charactistics of Line bundles on Hilbert Schemes of points on Surfaces

Let $S^{[2]}$ be the Hilbert scheme of two points on a smooth projective surface (actually, right now I am particularly interested in del Pezzo surfaces). Let $B$ be the exceptional divisor of the ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

When does Bogomolov's inequality become an equality?

The Bogomolov theorem says if $V$ is a rank 2 vector bundle on an algebriac surfaces $S$ is $H$-stable (in the sense of Mumford-Takemoto) for some ample divisor $H$, then $c_1^2(V) \leq 4c_2(V)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
2
votes
0answers
179 views

On $\pi_1$ of surface of general type

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface of general type. Assume $K_X$ is an integer multiple of another class $A$, and the class $A$ can be represented by a symplectic submanifold $S$ of $X$ with non-negative ...
2
votes
0answers
376 views

The cohomology of the relative dualizing sheaf of a relative curve

Let $X\to S$ be a curve over $S=\mathrm{Spec} \ \mathbf{Z}$. Let $\omega$ be the relative dualizing sheaf of $X\to S$. Let $g$ be the genus of the generic fibre. Assume that $g\geq 2$. I know that ...
2
votes
0answers
298 views

bielliptic surfaces

Definition: A surface is called $S$ bielliptic if $S \cong (E \times F) /G$, where $E,F$ are elliptic curves and $G$ is a finite group of translations of $E$ acting on $F$ such that $F /G \cong ...
2
votes
0answers
305 views

canonical bundle of Abelian surface fibrations

For minimal surfaces admitting an elliptic fibration over a smooth curve, there is a famous analysis of possible singular fibers and a canonical bundle formula due to Kodaira. There are two papers of ...
2
votes
0answers
213 views

surfaces with effective first Chern class

Let $S$ be a smooth complex surface, If $c_1(S) \in N_1(S)$ is nef and non-torsion, then we know that this would imply some restrictions on the cone of effective curves (and surface itself)--see the ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

selfintersection of curves inside

What are all the possibilities of the self intersection number of a smooth curve inside an Enriques surface?
2
votes
0answers
236 views

quasi-trigonal curves

I have read in the literature about quasi-trigonal curves. Such a curve C is a hyperelliptic curve X with two points p,q identified (basically a pinch). They seem to be pretty important in the theory ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

How to check with a CAS if a surface is of general type?

The main question is: How to check with a CAS if a surface is of general type? Magma's function KodairaEnriquesType is close to this, but doesn't always work. ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Real algebraic surface

Let $f(u,v,z)\in \mathbb{Q}[u,v,z]$ be a polynomial in three variables such that $X_{\mathbb{R}}\subset \mathbb{R}^{3} $ (the associated surface of real solution) is smooth. Suppose that the set of ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

What is the co-kernel of the morphism of vector bundles?

Let $X$ be a surface, and $i:C\subset X$ be a smooth curve. Let $A$ be a line bundle on $C$, and $E$ be a vector bundle of rank $r$ on $X$. Suppose there is a surjection: $E\longrightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Classification of fibres in pencils of curves of genus two

For the case of characteristic positive, there exist some clasification of families of curves of genus two over a elliptic curve?.
1
vote
0answers
170 views

signature of $Pic(X)$

Let $X$ be a $K3$ surface and $\sigma$ an antisymplectic involution on $X$ and so $X$ is algebraic. 1.Why the signature of $Pic(X)$ is $(1,\rho -1)$? (This is well known but I cant find any direct ...
1
vote
0answers
237 views

Singular conics on certain algebraic surfaces

Let S be an algebraic surface in 3-dimensional complex projective space. Suppose that: The degree of S is either 5 or 6; The generic plane section of S is a curve of genus 1. (Equivalently, the ...
1
vote
0answers
204 views

On base locus of canoncal linear system on surfaces

Let $S$ be a minimal surface of general type over $\mathbb{C}$ with $p_g=h^0(K_S)>1$. As a convention, we can write $|K_S|=|M|+F$ such that $F$ is the fixed part. We know that $K_SM \le K_S^2$. ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Is a general extension of general stable sheaves on $\mathbb P^2$ stable?

Theorem 2 in this paper by Bhosle gives a nice condition on slopes for when a general extension of general stable bundles on curves is stable. Does anyone know whether there is an analogous result for ...
0
votes
0answers
219 views

Understanding a proof of a lemma in elliptic surfaces

In the following paper , The Kahler-Ricci flow on surfaces of positive Kodaira dimension (Sung and Tian) in page 621, I am trying to understand the proof of part 1 of Lemma 3.4. In the part 1 of ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

birational invariants of projective surfaces

I am studying Castelnuovo's rationality criterion for surfaces. Let $S$ be a projective surface and $K$ a canonical divisor on $S$. Let's use the notation ...
0
votes
0answers
172 views

Hodge structure of abelian surfaces

In my case, I have an abelian surface $A$ of (2,8)-polarization, and I have some finite group (may not be abelian group) $G$ acting on $A$ without fixed point. I want to understand when there is a ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

invariance of the dimension of severi varieties of surfaces

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S\subset P^n$ embedded by a very ample linear system $|L|$. Consider now the generalized Severi varieties that parametrize curves on $S$ belonging to $|L|$, ...
0
votes
0answers
177 views

Does there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but two are semi-stable fibers for algebraic surfaces?

We will work over the complex numbers C. there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but one is semi-stable fiber. there not exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 ...