# Tagged Questions

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### Two basic questions concerning geometrically ruled surfaces. [closed]

Good Morning, These questions are a result of trying to understand the proof of Proposition III.18 in Beauville's book 'Complex Algebraic Surfaces'. Here is the setup - everything is smooth, ...
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### signature of $Pic(X)$

Let $X$ be a $K3$ surface and $\sigma$ an antisymplectic involution on $X$ and so $X$ is algebraic. 1.Why the signature of $Pic(X)$ is $(1,\rho -1)$? (This is well known but I cant find any direct ...
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### Global sections of a linear system

Recently, following Beauville's book (exercises iv.(1),(2)) I have been working on Hirzebruch surfaces (from the algebraic geometry point of view) and I had to compute the space of global sections of ...
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### Looking for an inequality between Chern and Todd classes (something in style of Bogomolov-Miyaoka-Yau)

Consider a smooth projective surface $S\subset\Bbb P^N_{\Bbb C}$ which is a complete intersection of hypersurfaces of degrees $(d_1,..,d_{k\ge2})$ with $d_i\ge2$ for all i. Is it true that for such ...
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### Singular conics on certain algebraic surfaces

Let S be an algebraic surface in 3-dimensional complex projective space. Suppose that: The degree of S is either 5 or 6; The generic plane section of S is a curve of genus 1. (Equivalently, the ...
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### Elementary transformations of ruled surfaces as maps of vector bundles

This comes as a question in Beauville's Algebraic surfaces book (III.24 (2)). We work over $\mathbb{C}$. All geometrically ruled surfaces (grs) $p:S\longrightarrow C$ over a curve $C$ can be seen as ...
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### Hirzebruch surfaces

I am sorry for too naive and stupid question, How can I express the 2nd Hirzebruch surface, $F_{2}$ in terms of $SO(3)$. Can F_{2} be realizable as the total space of a bundle over $\mathbb{R}_{+}$ ...
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### Names of certain surfaces

Are there any generally used names for the following algebraic and nonalgebraic surfaces? Any references to literature where the surfaces are studied are also appreciated. Surface I. Implicit ...
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### Does there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but two are semi-stable fibers for algebraic surfaces?

We will work over the complex numbers C. there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but one is semi-stable fiber. there not exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 ...
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### Does there exist a non-isotrivial fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres of general type surfaces?

We will work over the complex numbers C. This question is based on Beauville's article : there exist a non-isotrivial fibration of genus 2 over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres. but not know for ...
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### Surfaces containing curves of arbitrarily negative self-intersection

Olivier Wittenberg and I are curious about the following : Let $S$ be a smooth projective complex surface. Are the self-intersection numbers of integral curves on $S$ always bounded below ? Or can ...
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### Isolated conics on a del Pezzo surface

Is there anything known about isolated conics in a del Pezzo surface: their number, arrangement, and the corresponding elements of the class group of surface's minimal desingularization? (Isolated ...
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### Mordell-Weil Group of Elliptic Surface

Suppose $X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ is an elliptic surface with section, with Weierstrass model defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. If $\sigma: \mathbb{P}^1 \to X$ is a torsion section with order $n$, then for ...
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### On base locus of canoncal linear system on surfaces

Let $S$ be a minimal surface of general type over $\mathbb{C}$ with $p_g=h^0(K_S)>1$. As a convention, we can write $|K_S|=|M|+F$ such that $F$ is the fixed part. We know that $K_SM \le K_S^2$. ...
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### Embedding of algebraic surfaces

If I am not mistaken there is a theorem that says any curve $C$ can be embedded in $\mathbf{P}^3$. What can be said about surfaces? Do we have a theorem like: All surfaces can be embedded in ...
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### rational curve on varieties of general type

Let $S$ be a complex surface of general type. Are there infinitely many smooth rational curves on $S$? And more general, what if $V$ is a variety of general type?
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### Are there (-2)-curves on an Enriques surface?

Let $X$ be an Enriques surface. A $(-2)$-curve is an irriducible rational curve on X such that $C^2 = -2$. By Proposition [VIII,16.1] from Barth-Peters-Van de Ven, we have that if $D^2 = -2$, then it ...
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### Are there non-projective normal surfaces which are rational?

Every non-singular complete surface is projective. On the other hand, there are non-projective complete surfaces (see e.g. Excercise II.7.13 of Hartshorne) - and there are such examples where the ...
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### bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...
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### Algebraic surfaces and their (intrinsic) geometry

Recently I began to consider algebraic surfaces, that is, the zero set of a polynomial in 3 (or more variables). My algebraic geometry background is poor, and I'm more used to differential and ...
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### Quotient of an abelian surface by a finite group, irreducible components

Given an abelian surface $A$ as the product of two non isogenous elliptic curves $E_1$ and $E_2$ over $\mathbb{C}$. We also have a smooth 2 dimensional moduli space $M$ of sheaves on $A$ with some ...
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### Basepoints in the Canonical System of Algebraic Surfaces

Let X be an smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbb{C}$. In the context of the minimal model program it is often important to understand the geometry of the maps defined by the complete ...
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### Certain double covers of cubic surfaces

Let $S$ be a smooth cubic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. I would like to understand that variety $V$ that parametrizes lines $\ell$ such that $\ell \cdot S=3P$ with $P \in S$. At any point $P \in S$, let ...
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### an exercise about elliptic surface in Beauville's book

In Beauville's "Complex Algebraic Surfaces", given an elliptic surface $f : X \to C$ with a generic fiber $E$. Then either $\text{Alb}(X) \cong \text{Jac}(C)$ or there is an exact sequence of abelian ...
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### Abundance for algebraic surfaces

I am currently teaching a course in algebraic geometry where one of the aims is to give an overview of the Enriques-Kodaira classification of surfaces. I am trying to throw in some modern aspects so I ...
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### Ramification in morphisms of surfaces

The question can be generalized, but we might as well restrict to this case. Let $X \rightarrow Y$ be a morphism between nonsingular surfaces (say over $\mathbb{C}$). Let $R_1$ be an irreducible ...
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### quasi-trigonal curves

I have read in the literature about quasi-trigonal curves. Such a curve C is a hyperelliptic curve X with two points p,q identified (basically a pinch). They seem to be pretty important in the theory ...
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### How do branched coverings of complex surfaces “fit” with branched coverings of curves?

Since I'm used to working with algebraic $\pi_1$'s, which don't work well with surfaces, I find myself lacking geometric intuition when I attempt to do these types of purely geometric arguments. I'm ...
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### Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...
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### Variation of the Albanese map

Let $S$ be an irregular surface of general type over $\mathbb{C}$ and $a \colon S \to A:=\textrm{Alb}(S)$ be its Albanese map. Let Def($S$) and Def($A$) be the bases of the Kuranishi family of $S$ and ...
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### A nontrivial surface on which any two curves intersect

One interesting property of the projective plane is that any two plane curves intersect. (More generally, if $V$ and $W$ are subvarieties of any projective space, and codim $V$ + codim $W \geq 0$, ...
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### Shrinking Fano surfaces to a point in Calabi-Yau 3-folds

Let X be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold, and $D\subset X$, smooth,Fano divisor. Since $K_X=0$ we have $N_D^X=K_D$. I have seen the following fact in many papers: By deforming X within Kahler moduli, we can ...
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### Vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$

I have a question about vector bundles on the algebraic surface $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$. My motivation is the splitting theorem of Grothendieck, which says that every algebraic vector bundle ...
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### Liftability of Enriques Surfaces (from char. p to zero)

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 0$, $X$ a variety over $k$. We say $X$ lifts to characteristic zero, if there exists a local ring $R$ containing $\mathbb Z$ with ...
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### Cone of curves and Mori Theorem for algebraic Surfaces

In describing part of the geometry of the cone of curves for an algebraic surface $S$, we need to find $(-1)$ curves within $S$. Once we've done that, then we can say that the "negative" part of the ...
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### blowing up, -1 curves, effective and ample divisors

Lets say we're on a smooth surface, and we blow up at a point. Is there a simple explicit computation that shows to me the fact that the exceptional divisor E has self intersection -1 ? I don't ...
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### Algebraic equivalence VS Numerical Equivalence - An Example.

This question is arose from the question Difference between equivalence relations on algebraic cycles and the example 3 in lecture 1 in Mumford's book Lectures on curves on an algebraic surface. ...
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### Interaction of topology and the Picard group of Algebraic surfaces

It is well known that a smooth cubic surface $X\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has exactly 27 lines in it. Furthermore, it is easy to check that Picard group $$Pic(X)\cong \mathbb{Z}^7$$ Here the generators are ...
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### When is the canonical divisor of an algebraic surface smooth?

Is there some condition on a complex algebraic surface that implies it has a smooth canonical divisor? I am searching for the sharpest possible condition, but sufficient criteria would be nice as ...
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### Torsion line bundles with non-vanishing cohomology on smooth ACM surfaces

I am looking for an example of a smooth surface $X$ with a fixed very ample $\mathcal O_X(1)$ such that $H^1(\mathcal O(k))=0$ for all $k$ (such thing is called an ACM surface, I think) and a globally ...
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### K3 surfaces with good reduction away from finitely many places

Let S be a finite set of primes in Q. What, if anything, do we know about K3 surfaces over Q with good reduction away from S? (To be more precise, I suppose I mean schemes over Spec Z[1/S] whose ...
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### level sets of multivariate polynomials

Let $p:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a polynomial of degree at most $d$. Restrict $P$ to the unit cube $Q=[0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$. We assume that $p$ has mean value zero on the unit cube ...