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12
votes
2answers
982 views

Surfaces containing curves of arbitrarily negative self-intersection

Olivier Wittenberg and I are curious about the following : Let $S$ be a smooth projective complex surface. Are the self-intersection numbers of integral curves on $S$ always bounded below ? Or can ...
2
votes
2answers
575 views

Isolated conics on a del Pezzo surface

Is there anything known about isolated conics in a del Pezzo surface: their number, arrangement, and the corresponding elements of the class group of surface's minimal desingularization? (Isolated ...
3
votes
1answer
403 views

Mordell-Weil Group of Elliptic Surface

Suppose $ X \to \mathbb{P}^1 $ is an elliptic surface with section, with Weierstrass model defined over $ \mathbb{Q} $. If $ \sigma: \mathbb{P}^1 \to X $ is a torsion section with order $n$, then for ...
1
vote
0answers
191 views

On base locus of canoncal linear system on surfaces

Let $S$ be a minimal surface of general type over $\mathbb{C}$ with $p_g=h^0(K_S)>1$. As a convention, we can write $|K_S|=|M|+F$ such that $F$ is the fixed part. We know that $K_SM \le K_S^2$. ...
6
votes
2answers
493 views

Embedding of algebraic surfaces

If I am not mistaken there is a theorem that says any curve $C$ can be embedded in $\mathbf{P}^3$. What can be said about surfaces? Do we have a theorem like: All surfaces can be embedded in ...
7
votes
2answers
973 views

rational curve on varieties of general type

Let $S$ be a complex surface of general type. Are there infinitely many smooth rational curves on $S$? And more general, what if $V$ is a variety of general type?
5
votes
3answers
569 views

Are there (-2)-curves on an Enriques surface?

Let $X$ be an Enriques surface. A $(-2)$-curve is an irriducible rational curve on X such that $C^2 = -2$. By Proposition [VIII,16.1] from Barth-Peters-Van de Ven, we have that if $D^2 = -2$, then it ...
8
votes
1answer
363 views

Are there non-projective normal surfaces which are rational?

Every non-singular complete surface is projective. On the other hand, there are non-projective complete surfaces (see e.g. Excercise II.7.13 of Hartshorne) - and there are such examples where the ...
22
votes
0answers
478 views

bound on the genus of a fiber of the Albanese map of a surface with $h^1({\mathcal O})=1$?

This is maybe more an open problem than a question, since I have seriously thought about it and asked several people working on algebraic surfaces with no success. I hope somebody here can ...
13
votes
4answers
966 views

Algebraic surfaces and their (intrinsic) geometry

Recently I began to consider algebraic surfaces, that is, the zero set of a polynomial in 3 (or more variables). My algebraic geometry background is poor, and I'm more used to differential and ...
2
votes
1answer
290 views

Quotient of an abelian surface by a finite group, irreducible components

Given an abelian surface $A$ as the product of two non isogenous elliptic curves $E_1 $ and $E_2$ over $\mathbb{C}$. We also have a smooth 2 dimensional moduli space $M$ of sheaves on $A$ with some ...
5
votes
3answers
553 views

Basepoints in the Canonical System of Algebraic Surfaces

Let X be an smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbb{C}$. In the context of the minimal model program it is often important to understand the geometry of the maps defined by the complete ...
4
votes
1answer
317 views

Certain double covers of cubic surfaces

Let $S$ be a smooth cubic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. I would like to understand that variety $V$ that parametrizes lines $\ell$ such that $\ell \cdot S=3P$ with $P \in S$. At any point $P \in S$, let ...
5
votes
1answer
579 views

an exercise about elliptic surface in Beauville's book

In Beauville's "Complex Algebraic Surfaces", given an elliptic surface $f : X \to C$ with a generic fiber $E$. Then either $\text{Alb}(X) \cong \text{Jac}(C)$ or there is an exact sequence of abelian ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

Abundance for algebraic surfaces

I am currently teaching a course in algebraic geometry where one of the aims is to give an overview of the Enriques-Kodaira classification of surfaces. I am trying to throw in some modern aspects so I ...
5
votes
2answers
536 views

Ramification in morphisms of surfaces

The question can be generalized, but we might as well restrict to this case. Let $X \rightarrow Y$ be a morphism between nonsingular surfaces (say over $\mathbb{C}$). Let $R_1$ be an irreducible ...
2
votes
0answers
225 views

quasi-trigonal curves

I have read in the literature about quasi-trigonal curves. Such a curve C is a hyperelliptic curve X with two points p,q identified (basically a pinch). They seem to be pretty important in the theory ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

How do branched coverings of complex surfaces “fit” with branched coverings of curves?

Since I'm used to working with algebraic $\pi_1$'s, which don't work well with surfaces, I find myself lacking geometric intuition when I attempt to do these types of purely geometric arguments. I'm ...
30
votes
5answers
2k views

Surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with isolated singularities

It is classically known that every smooth, complex, projective surface $S$ is birational to a surface $S' \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ having only ordinary singularities, i.e. a curve $C$ of double points, ...
3
votes
1answer
606 views

Variation of the Albanese map

Let $S$ be an irregular surface of general type over $\mathbb{C}$ and $a \colon S \to A:=\textrm{Alb}(S)$ be its Albanese map. Let Def($S$) and Def($A$) be the bases of the Kuranishi family of $S$ and ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

A nontrivial surface on which any two curves intersect

One interesting property of the projective plane is that any two plane curves intersect. (More generally, if $V$ and $W$ are subvarieties of any projective space, and codim $V$ + codim $W \geq 0$, ...
4
votes
2answers
315 views

Shrinking Fano surfaces to a point in Calabi-Yau 3-folds

Let X be a Calabi-Yau 3-fold, and $D\subset X$, smooth,Fano divisor. Since $K_X=0$ we have $N_D^X=K_D$. I have seen the following fact in many papers: By deforming X within Kahler moduli, we can ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$

I have a question about vector bundles on the algebraic surface $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$. My motivation is the splitting theorem of Grothendieck, which says that every algebraic vector bundle ...
7
votes
1answer
263 views

Liftability of Enriques Surfaces (from char. p to zero)

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 0$, $X$ a variety over $k$. We say $X$ lifts to characteristic zero, if there exists a local ring $R$ containing $\mathbb Z$ with ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Cone of curves and Mori Theorem for algebraic Surfaces

In describing part of the geometry of the cone of curves for an algebraic surface $S$, we need to find $(-1)$ curves within $S$. Once we've done that, then we can say that the "negative" part of the ...
12
votes
5answers
3k views

blowing up, -1 curves, effective and ample divisors

Lets say we're on a smooth surface, and we blow up at a point. Is there a simple explicit computation that shows to me the fact that the exceptional divisor E has self intersection -1 ? I don't ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Algebraic equivalence VS Numerical Equivalence - An Example.

This question is arose from the question Difference between equivalence relations on algebraic cycles and the example 3 in lecture 1 in Mumford's book Lectures on curves on an algebraic surface. ...
5
votes
4answers
508 views

Interaction of topology and the Picard group of Algebraic surfaces

It is well known that a smooth cubic surface $X\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has exactly 27 lines in it. Furthermore, it is easy to check that Picard group $$Pic(X)\cong \mathbb{Z}^7$$ Here the generators are ...
10
votes
1answer
868 views

When is the canonical divisor of an algebraic surface smooth?

Is there some condition on a complex algebraic surface that implies it has a smooth canonical divisor? I am searching for the sharpest possible condition, but sufficient criteria would be nice as ...
4
votes
1answer
418 views

Torsion line bundles with non-vanishing cohomology on smooth ACM surfaces

I am looking for an example of a smooth surface $X$ with a fixed very ample $\mathcal O_X(1)$ such that $H^1(\mathcal O(k))=0$ for all $k$ (such thing is called an ACM surface, I think) and a globally ...
13
votes
4answers
857 views

K3 surfaces with good reduction away from finitely many places

Let S be a finite set of primes in Q. What, if anything, do we know about K3 surfaces over Q with good reduction away from S? (To be more precise, I suppose I mean schemes over Spec Z[1/S] whose ...
8
votes
3answers
789 views

level sets of multivariate polynomials

Let $p:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a polynomial of degree at most $d$. Restrict $P$ to the unit cube $Q=[0,1]^n\subset\mathbb R^n$. We assume that $p$ has mean value zero on the unit cube ...
7
votes
3answers
909 views

Nonprojective Surface

Let k be an algebraically closed field. It's well known that every complete curve, period, is projective. Also, that every smooth surface is, and that there are smooth 3-folds which are not, and ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Curves with negative self intersection in the product of two curves

I wonder if the following is known: Are there two compact curves C1 and C2 of genus>1 defined over complex numbers, such that their product contains infinite number of irreducible curves of negative ...
3
votes
1answer
437 views

K3 over fields other than C?

How to classify K3 surfaces over an arbitrary field k?
3
votes
1answer
550 views

The existence of primitive and sufficiently ample line bundles on K3 surfaces?

Let S be a surface and L be a line bundle on S. For any zero-dimensional closed subschemes x of S, there is natural map from global sections of L to the global sections of L restricting to x (which is ...