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10
votes
1answer
727 views

what is the cyclic cover trick?

What do people mean by the "cyclic cover trick"? I have found this expression a couple of times with no complete explaination, both talking about curves and surfaces...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

A question on existence of degeneration of Enriques surface.

Let $S$ be an Enriques surface, i.e. a quotient of a K3 surface by a free involution. Enriques surfaces arise as elliptic fibrations $S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ with 12 singular fibers and 2 double ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

The central fiber of this family of surfaces?

I have a question on a description of a central fiber of the following family of surfaces. Let $B,C \subset \mathbb{P}^2$ be smooth curve of degree $2d$ and $d$ respectively. Let's consider the ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What can a quartic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with an ordinary quadruple point look like?

All varieties will be projective and over $\mathbb{C}$. If $S$ is any surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ of degree 2 that posseses an ordinary double point, it follows easily that $S$ is projectively ...
5
votes
3answers
368 views

Surfaces ruled over elliptic curves

Ground field $\Bbb{C}$. Algebraic category. Elliptic surfaces are those surfaces endowed with a morphism onto some smooth curve, with generic fiber an elliptic curve. Suppose $E$ is an elliptic curve ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Basics of minimal Elliptic Surfaces [following Beauville]

I am reading Beauville's chapter IX on Elliptic surfaces. Let $S$ be a minimal elliptic surface with $\kappa=1$ and $p:S\rightarrow C$ be the elliptic fibration. We know $K^2=0$. Suppose the ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Embeddings of smooth projective surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface not contained in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Is there any known condition on $X$ under which I can embed it into $\mathbb{P}^3$ such that the its image contains at most ...
6
votes
0answers
173 views

pencils on varieties of general type

I was wondering about a generalization of the following property of surfaces of general type. Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface of general type. Then there is no pencil of rational or elliptic ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

Existence of smooth surfaces containing a curve

Let $C$ be a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$, possibly non-reduced. Assume, there exists a smooth surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing $C$. Is it true that for $d \gg 0$, a generic element of $I_d(C)$ defines ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

families of curves on surfaces which are products of curves

Let $C$ be a projective curve (over an algebraically closed field) of genus $\geq 1$. Let $S = C \times C$. By normalisation we have a ramified cover $C \to \mathbb{P}^1$ and so a map $p: S \to ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Contracting a curve of negative self-intersection on a surface

It is easy to show using birational factorization that the only curves on a surface which can be contracted to get an algebraic, smooth surface are smooth $(-1)$-curves. Furthermore, I know of ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

A classification of rational surfaces with effective $K$

I would like to know if there can be some kind of classification of normal rational surfaces with Gorenstein singularities, such that their canonical divisor is effective. Additional question. Are ...
2
votes
3answers
340 views

Divisor class group on blowup of nodal surface

The following got no answer on mathstackexchange. I believe it not to be hard, but maybe it is a little specialized? All varieties will be over $\mathbb{C}$ and projective unless stated otherwise. ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Counting nodal singularities on a surface

How many lines in $\mathbf{P}^5$ passing through a fixed point $p$ meet in at least two points a fixed smooth surface $S$ given by the intersection of three quadrics? Or equivalently, calling $T$ the ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Absorbing ramification and factoring finite flat maps

In his Algebraic surfaces book, Beauville gives a result allowing one to "absorb ramification" for certain maps (see below). There are also something similar one can do with number fields. I would ...
5
votes
0answers
159 views

Can you get an Enrique surface from quotient of Abelian surface?

Let $A=\mathbb{C}^2/\Lambda^2$, where $\Lambda=\mathbb{Z}+i\mathbb{Z}$, be an abelian surface. Then every body knows that the resolution of the quotient $A/<\pm>$ is a K3 surface. Question: Is ...
12
votes
1answer
588 views

Is the set of surfaces over Spec Z with ample canonical sheaf empty

Main question. Does there exist a smooth projective morphism $X\to$ Spec $\mathbf Z$ of relative dimension two such that the canonical sheaf $\omega_{X_{\mathbf Q}}$ of the generic fibre $X_{\mathbf ...
6
votes
2answers
343 views

Quotients of rational surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective surface defined over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and let $G$ be a finite group acting biregularly on $X$. Assuming that $X$ is rational over $k$, is the quotient $X/G$ ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Contracting rational curves on surfaces and getting something non-algebraic

Recently I posted an "announcement" on arxiv where I said something to the effect of "this is the first example we know where contracting (a tree of) rational curves from a non-singular algebraic ...
3
votes
2answers
417 views

Vector Bundles on normal surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective normal surface over $\mathbb{C}$. In this related question it is stated as soon as $X$ is smooth any vector bundle defined on the compliment of a codimension 2 subset extends ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve

The Hilbert scheme of 2 points on an elliptic curve $C$, $Hilb^2(C)$, has a natural structure of ruled surface, given by the map $f:Hilb^2(C) \to C$ such that $f(P,Q)=P+Q$. What can we say about the ...
2
votes
1answer
239 views

octic K3s inside cubic 4-folds

From the Thesis of B.Hassett I seem to understand that a smooth cubic 4-fold $X$ containing a $\mathbb{P}^2$ should contain also a octic K3, but I cannot see a natural way by which this K3 octic could ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Constructing a curve with good reduction over a function field

Let $K$ be the function field of a smooth projective connected curve $B$ over $\mathbf{C}$. Let $g\geq 0$ be an integer. Does there exist an nonsingular integral $\mathbf{C}$-scheme $X$ with a ...
3
votes
2answers
738 views

Bertini's Theorem small print

Suppose $S\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ is a smooth del Pezzo surface and $C$ is an irreducible smooth curve (you can make it rational if it simplifies the setting) such that $\mathcal{L}=\vert -K_S-C\vert $ ...
1
vote
2answers
330 views

How to construct Enriques surface from Fermat K3

Let $x_1^4+x_2^4+x_3^4+x_4^4=0 \subset \mathbb{P}^4$ be the Fermat K3 surface. Is it possible to start from some involution on $\mathbb{P}^3$, do blow-ups to get rid of fixed points and then quotient ...
4
votes
1answer
279 views

Invariant lattice of algebraic surface.

Given an algebraic surface $S$ with action of a finite group $G$. Is it true that the invariant lattice $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})^G$ is generated by elements pulled back from the $H^2(X/G,\mathbb{Z})$ (or ...
3
votes
2answers
502 views

blowing up general k points on the plane

Del Pezzo surfaces are obtained by blowing up $1 \leq k \leq 8$ points on general position in $\mathbb{P}^2$. What does it happen when the number of points is larger than nine? In this sense, ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Divisorial contraction: when is the image an algebraic space or a stack?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface (in the category of varieties, or schemes), and let $C\subset X$ be a curve (a priori not irreducible, but the irreducible case in itself is already ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Question on Ball Quotients

Let $X$ be a compact Kahler surface which is a ball quotient. Can such $X$ contain a torus $T$ such that the fudamental class of $T$ is non-trivial? I expect this is false as $\pi_{1}(X)$ is a ...
3
votes
1answer
367 views

Algebraic surfaces of general type

Question. Are there smooth complex surfaces of general type with an irregularity $q = 1$ and Euler characteristic $3$. If the answer is yes, what is known about the geometry of such surfaces? Are ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

On $\pi_1$ of surface of general type

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface of general type. Assume $K_X$ is an integer multiple of another class $A$, and the class $A$ can be represented by a symplectic submanifold $S$ of $X$ with non-negative ...
2
votes
1answer
365 views

Genus two pencil in K3 surface

It is known that smooth $K3$ surface can be obtained as two fold branched cover of rational elliptic surface $E(1) = \mathbb{CP}^2 9 \bar{{\mathbb{{CP}^2}}}$ along the smooth divisor $2F_{E(1)} = 6H - ...
3
votes
2answers
569 views

Question on K3 Surface

Is it possible to realize $K3$ surface as a ramified double cover of rational elliptic surface? If so, is there way to see an elliptic fibration structure on $K3$ from such cover? It seems to me one ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Classification of fibres in pencils of curves of genus two

For the case of characteristic positive, there exist some clasification of families of curves of genus two over a elliptic curve?.
2
votes
0answers
337 views

The cohomology of the relative dualizing sheaf of a relative curve

Let $X\to S$ be a curve over $S=\mathrm{Spec} \ \mathbf{Z}$. Let $\omega$ be the relative dualizing sheaf of $X\to S$. Let $g$ be the genus of the generic fibre. Assume that $g\geq 2$. I know that ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

An arithmetic analogue of the discriminant curve of a conic bundle threefold

I am looking for an "arithmetic" analogue of a well known result on threefolds with a conic bundle structure. The following result can be found in [Iskovskikh - On the rationality problem for conic ...
4
votes
2answers
537 views

Q-factorial and rational singularities on surfaces

Let $X$ be a normal surface. Is any rational singularity $\mathbf{Q}$-factorial? I've seen this somewhere for surfaces over fields, but what about the general case of an integral 2-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
276 views

Picard/cohomology lattice of surfaces of low degree in $\mathbb P^3$

Let $S_{d>3}\subset\mathbb{P}^3_{\mathbb{C}}$ be a smooth surface of degree $d$. What is known (where to read?) about the Picard/cohomology lattice for small d? e.g. for $d=4$ the cohomology ...
5
votes
1answer
676 views

Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...
2
votes
0answers
265 views

bielliptic surfaces

Definition: A surface is called $S$ bielliptic if $S \cong (E \times F) /G$, where $E,F$ are elliptic curves and $G$ is a finite group of translations of $E$ acting on $F$ such that $F /G \cong ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

Sheaves with zero Chern classes on a $K3$ surface.

Let $S$ be a $K3$ surface. Is it true that any sheaf on $S$ with zero Chern classes is isomorphic to $\mathcal{O}_S^{\oplus n}$ for some $n$? If not, do you have any counterexample?
15
votes
2answers
684 views

When does the blow-up of $CP^2$ at N points embed in $CP^4$?

Write $X_N$ for this blow up. Place the N points in 'general position' as needed. Then $X_6$ embeds in $CP^2$ as a smooth cubic surface. (See, eg, Griffiths and Harris.) But there is no other ...
5
votes
2answers
443 views

On a result about genus two pencils

I am reading the paper "Canonical models of surfaces of general type" by E. Bombieri. In the last section of this paper, there is a statement saying that surfaces with $K^2=1$ and $p_g=0$ do not have ...
3
votes
3answers
671 views

Elliptic curves on abelian surface

Let $Y$ be an abelian surface. Is it true that for every general point $P \in Y$, there exists an elliptic curve passing through $P$?
4
votes
1answer
367 views

Pathologies of analytic (non-algebraic) varieties.

Note: By an "analytic non-algebraic" surface below I mean a two dimensional compact analytic variety $X$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) which is not an algebraic variety. A property of Nagata's example (see ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Log resolutions on surfaces and 3-folds in characteristic p

If $X$ is a normal projective variety and $D$ a divisor in it, we say that $\pi\colon (\widetilde X,\widetilde D)\rightarrow (X,D)$ is a log resolution if $\widetilde X$ is a resolution of $X$, the ...
8
votes
2answers
633 views

Is the square of a curve minus its diagonal affine?

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible projective algebraic curve of genus $g\geq 1$ and $S=X^2$ the surface one obtains as the cartesian product of $X$ with itself. Let $\Delta$ be the diagonal in $S$, that ...
8
votes
0answers
801 views

Ample divisors on projective surfaces

Question: If $X$ is a projective surface and $U$ is an open affine subset of $X$, then is it true that $X \setminus U$ is the support of an (effective) ample divisor on $X$? Background: I was reading ...
4
votes
1answer
418 views

Del pezzo surfaces in positive characteristic

For me a Del Pezzo surface $X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ is an algebraic surface where the anticanonical bundle $\omega^{-1}_X$ or $-K_X$ is ample. (I prefer the second ...