The algebraic-number-theory tag has no wiki summary.

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### How small can a sum of a few roots of unity be?

Let $n$ be a large natural number, and let $z_1, \ldots, z_{10}$ be (say) ten $n^{th}$ roots of unity: $z_1^n = \ldots = z_{10}^n = 1$. Suppose that the sum $S = z_1+\ldots+z_{10}$ is non-zero. How ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

517 views

### Positive primes represented by indefinite binary quadratic form

Neil Sloane asked me about commands in computer languages to find the (positive) primes represented by indefinite binary quadratic forms. So I wrote something in C++ that works. This is for the OEIS, ...

**11**

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**8**answers

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### Suggestions for good books on class field theory

Recently I learn class field theory, but I find it is difficulty. I have read the book "Algebraic Number Theory" by J. W. S. Cassels and A. Frohlich. In the book, the approach to class field theory is ...

**44**

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**5**answers

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### If a unitsquare is partitioned into 101 triangles, is the area of one at least 1%?

Update: The answer to the title question is not necessarily, as pointed out by Tapio and Willie. I would be more interested in lower bounds.
Monsky's famous and amazingly tricky proof says that if we ...

**36**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What was the relative importance of FLT vs. higher reciprocity laws in Kummer's invention of algebraic number theory?

This question is inspired in part by this answer of Bill Dubuque, in which he remarks that the fairly common belief that Kummer was motivated by FLT to develop his theory of cyclotomic number fields ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### primes represented by an indefinite binary quadratic form

Suppose I have a form $$ f(x,y) = a x^2 + b x y + c y^2, $$ with $a,b,c$ integers, $\gcd(a,b,c)=1$ and $\Delta = b^2 - 4 a c > 0,$ but $\Delta \neq n^2$ for any integer $n.$
Do there exist ...

**19**

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**1**answer

393 views

### Proportion of irreducible polynomials $P$ such that $\mathbf Z[X]/(P)$ is the ring of integers of $\mathbf Q[X]/(P)$

I know that number fields have been the object of many statistical experiments.
Is there some kind of heuristics for the following?
Fix a degree $d$ and fix a bound $N$ on the coefficients of a monic ...

**7**

votes

**7**answers

961 views

### Old question of Serre on discriminants of a sequence of polynomials

Let $P_n(t)$ be polynomials with integer coefficients with $d_n = \deg(P_n(t))$ going to infinity when $n$ goes to infinity
and with nonzero discriminants $disc(P_n(t)) \neq 0$.
Question: Is
$$
...

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**2**answers

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### Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit
I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post:
What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices?
Any answer ...

**34**

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**2**answers

2k views

### Formal group laws and L-series

Let E be an elliptic curve, let $L(s) = \sum a_n n^{-s}$
denote its L-function, and set
$$ f(x) = \sum a_n \frac{x^n}{n}. $$
Then Honda has observed that
$$ F(X,Y) = f^{-1}(f(X) + f(Y)) $$
defines ...

**35**

votes

**1**answer

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### Degree 17 number fields ramified only at 2

The number $17$ is the smallest odd number that occurs as the degree of a number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ for which the only finite prime that ramifies is $2$. The non-existence for $n < 17$ follows ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Integers not represented by $ 2 x^2 + x y + 3 y^2 + z^3 - z $

EDIT, 9 March 2014: when I asked this in 2010, I did not have the courage of my convictions, and so did not ask for an if and only if proof, as Kevin Buzzard quite properly pointed out. Such problems ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

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### Number of distinct values taken by x^x^…^x with parentheses inserted in all possible ways

For what positive x's the number of distinct values taken by x^x^...^x with parentheses inserted in all possible ways is not represented by the sequence A000081? Is it exactly the set of positive ...

**41**

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**13**answers

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### Erratum for Cassels-Froehlich

Edit 25 April 2010: I have a physical copy of the new printing of the book. I can only assume the LMS is now selling it (but have no details).
IMPORTANT EDIT: THE RESULTS ARE IN! Ok, the deadline has ...

**14**

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**3**answers

2k views

### sum of squares in ring of integers

Lagrange proved that every (positive) rational integer is a sum of 4 squares.
Are there general results like this for ring of integers of a number field? Is this class field theory?
Explicity, ...

**13**

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**1**answer

497 views

### components of E[p], E universal in char p.

I have just realised that a group scheme I've known and loved for years is probably a bit wackier than I'd realised.
In this question, in Charles Rezk's answer, I erroneously claim that his ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

951 views

### Explicit examples of algebraic Hecke characters with infinite image?

Jerry Shurman has a lovely set of notes explaining the classical definition of Hecke characters, the idelic definition of Hecke characters, their relationship, and the classification of algebraic ...

**13**

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**6**answers

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### Text for Algebraic Number Theory

I have the privilege of teaching an algebraic number theory course next fall, a rare treat for an algebraic topologist, and have been pondering the choice of text. The students will know some ...

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**4**answers

2k views

### Height of algebraic numbers

I would like to find effective upper bound for the height of $a+b$ and $a/b$ and $ab$ knowing the heights of $a$ and $b$. Thanks.

**4**

votes

**2**answers

594 views

### Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics reference

I am looking for good references (preferably, books) on Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics (on Real Quadratic fields) which explain in detail the reasons behind its fundamental assumption (higher the ...

**14**

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**0**answers

388 views

### Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$?

Observe, trivially, that since quadratic fields correspond to rational integers modulo squares (viz. discriminants), there are (roughly about, but certainly at most) $2^{|S|+1}$ quadratic fields ...

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**2**answers

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### Asymptotics for algebraic numbers of height less than one

The question. Is an asymptotic equivalent known or conjectured for the number $N(d)$ of $\alpha \in \bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ with $h(\alpha) < 1$ and $[\mathbb{Q}(\alpha):\mathbb{Q}] \leq d$?
The rather ...

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**0**answers

543 views

### Points of bounded height in a number field

Let $K$ be a number field of absolute degree $d$, let $B$ be a positive real number, and write $S(K, B) = \{x \in K : H(x) \leq B\}$. Here $H$ is the absolute multiplicative height of an algebraic ...

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**4**answers

810 views

### Elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$

For some research work, I need to know the classification of elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$, up to conjugation.
Since I essentially need $n\le 4$, I think that I can show it ...

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**3**answers

493 views

### Class number for binary quadratic forms discriminant $\Delta$ to class number $\mathbb Q(\sqrt \Delta)$

Jyrki Lahtonen has suggested I write a blog post relating binary quadratic forms to quadratic field class numbers, ...

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**2**answers

601 views

### Formal group law over $\mathbb{F}_p$

Let $p$ be a prime. For each $n > 0$ there is a unique 1-dimensional commutative formal group law $F$ over $\mathbf{Z}$, $F(X, Y) = X + Y + \dots \in \mathbf{Z}[[X, Y]]$, whose logarithm function ...

**11**

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**0**answers

287 views

### Evaluating products of cyclotomic polynomials at roots of unity

Are there general non-trivial conditions on $p(\cdot)$ and $n$, where $p(\cdot)$ is a product of cyclotomic polynomials and $n$ is a positive integer, such that all the coefficients of $p(\cdot)$ are ...

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544 views

### Constructing quintic number fields with certain splitting behaviour

I am looking for number fields $K$ which satisfy the following properties:
$[K:\mathbb{Q}]=5$.
The Galois closure of $K$ has Galois group $S_5$.
For each prime $p$ which ramifies in $K$, there ...

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**0**answers

409 views

### Is formula valid for relating $\pi$ with ALL of its OEIS A002485(n)/A002486(n) convergents?

Could anyone try to prove that the below conjectured formula is valid for relating $\pi$ with ALL of its convergents - those, which are described in OEIS via A002485(n)/A002486(n) ?
$$(-1)^n\cdot(\pi ...

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**3**answers

830 views

### Crystalline Characters

Let $K$, $L$ be finite extensions of the $p$-adic numbers. Suppose $\chi:G_K\rightarrow L^{\times}$ is crystalline. It is my understanding that if either $K$ or $L=\mathbb{Q}_p$, then $\chi$ must be a ...

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**1**answer

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### Reduction mod $p$ of units in a ring of integers

Let $\mathcal{O}_k$ be the ring of integers in an algebraic number field $k$ and let $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal of $\mathcal{O}_k$. I'm looking for conditions on $k$ and $\mathfrak{p}$ which ...

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votes

**1**answer

331 views

### When can number rings be spanned (as $\mathbb{Z}$-modules) by units?

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the ring of integers in an algebraic number field. Define $R \subset \mathcal{O}$ to be the set of all $\mathbb{Z}$-linear combinations of units. Since the product of two units ...

**5**

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**1**answer

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### Positive Primes represented by an indefinite binary form, reducing poly degree from 8 to 4

In his lovely answer at Positive primes represented by indefinite binary quadratic form Noam found that a (positive) odd prime $p$ is represented by the indefinite form $x^2 + 13 x y - 9 y^2$ if and ...

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**1**answer

208 views

### The existence of elliptic curves with prescribed supersingular primes

For a given infinite set of primes, not too big, eg, satisfying Lang-Trotter conjecture, can we always find an E.C. with supersingular reduction (at least) at these primes? How about E.C. without CM?
...

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### which algebraic integers in a cyclotomic field give you integer absolute value?

Does anyone know an answer to this question?
Question: In an cyclotomic field which algebraic integers have integer absolute value?
Revision 1: -1
I like to add this to the above question, Let's ...

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votes

**2**answers

596 views

### Conjecture on irrational algebraic numbers

Conjecture:
For every irrational algebraic number $q$ and natural number $b$, the representation of $q$ on base $b$ contains all the digits $[0,\dots,b-1]$.
Questions:
Has this conjecture been ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

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**0**answers

121 views

### Normal basis in cyclotomic number fields

Let $p$ be an odd prime integer and let $\zeta$ be a primitive $2p$-th root of unity. Does $\alpha=1+\zeta+\zeta^{-1}+\dots+\zeta^{\frac{p-1}{2}}+\zeta^{-\frac{p-1}{2}}$ generates a normal basis of ...

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**0**answers

90 views

### Prime factors of $\sum_{i\in I} \zeta_p^i$

For a rational prime $p>3$, denote by $\zeta$ a fixed primitive root of unity of degree $p$, and let ${\mathbb K}={\mathbb Q}(\zeta)$ be the $p$th cyclotomic field. Consider the set of all non-zero ...

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**0**answers

192 views

### Diophantine equations over cyclotomic fields

Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ be the compositum of all finite abelian extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Explicitly, $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ is the field obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adjoining all roots of ...

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### Reference request for a basic result on relative differents & discriminants

I am looking for a better reference for the results in this extremely short and elementary paper:
Tôyama, Hiraku,
`A note on the different of the composed field',
Kōdai Math. Sem. Rep. 7 (1955), ...

**0**

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**2**answers

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### on the set of numbers generated by integer linear combination of two real numbers.

Let $b > a > 0$ be two real numbers. I am interested in the set of numbers
$X(p,q) = p a + q b$ with $p,q$ positive integers. Basically this is the set $a \mathbb{N} + b \mathbb{N}$.
What ...