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### Extensions on Higher-dimensional local fields

I have the following question:
Let $M/L$ b a finite extension of n-dimensional local fields and $t_1,\dots, t_n$ a system of local parameters of $L$ with valuation $v$. Let us fix an $1\leq i \leq ...

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### Valuations in Higher-dimensional local fields

I have the following question which I believ should be true but I would like to have a different opinion about it:
Let $M/L$ is a finite Galois extension of $n$-dimensional local fields and ...

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### primitive polynomial on $\mathbb{F}_2[x]$

For some reason I need some primitive polynomial $f$ on $\mathbb{F}_2[x]$ where $\deg f \in [1,10^4]$. (Especially for $\deg f = 10\pm \epsilon, 10^2\pm \epsilon, 10^3\pm \epsilon, 10^4 \pm ...

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### Hilbert Class Field Galois over Q?

So if we have a Galois extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$, then the Hilbert Class Field $H$ of $K$ is certainly Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$. But is the converse true? I know many examples of nongalois ...

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### Number Field Sieve for factorization with non-monic non-linear polynomial. Can't understand calculating ideal valuations

There is a paper "Factoring integers with the number field sieve" (download it here, for example).
I can't understand how they reason the correctness of computing ideal valuations in the case of ...

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170 views

### Distinct primitive factorizations over integers of number fields

I am curious about the following.
Let $K$ be a number field. For any $a \in \mathcal{O}_K$ in its ring of integers, let $N(a)$ be zero if there exist elements $b, c \in \mathcal{O}_K \setminus ...

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133 views

### Irreducible polynomial on $\mathbb{F}_{2}[x]$

For some reason I need some irreducible polynomial $f$ on $\mathbb{F}_{2}[x]$ where $\deg f \in [10^3,10^6]$. Could someone give information about this? Thx.

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### Domains with prime ideal theorems

Let $D$ be a domain, and for prime ideals $\frak P$ of $D$ the norm is $N({\frak P}):=|D/{\frak P}|$. The prime ideal counting function of $D$ is given by $\pi_D(x)=\#\{{\frak P}\in{\rm ...

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### How small can a totally positive integer be?

Consider a large, fixed $M>2$. For each $n$, let $\alpha_n$ denote the smallest algebraic integer of degree at most $n$, all of whose Galois conjugates lie in the real interval $(0,M)$.
Is there ...

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### Linear polynomials in units of number fields

I would be thankful for a reference to any result that says "how often" an equation of the form $$c_1x_1 + c_2x_2 + ... + c_nx_n = 0,$$
where $n$ is fixed, $c_1, ..., c_n \in \mathcal{O}_K$ are ...

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153 views

### A question on the genus field of an algebraic number field

The following is quoted from the Mathematical Reviews.
MR0544896 (80j:12002) Reviewed
Bhaskaran, M.
Construction of genus field and some applications.
J. Number Theory 11 (1979), no. 4, 488–497.
...

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**1**answer

115 views

### Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...

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170 views

### Small generators of the ideal class group

If $K$ is a number field, a result from Bach tells us that the primes in $K$ of norm smaller that $12 (\log |\mathrm{Discriminant}(K)|)^2$ generate the ideal class group $\mathrm{Cl}_K$. Is there any ...

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140 views

### Etale cohomology and restricted direct product

[migrated from math.stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/727896/etale-cohomology-and-restricted-direct-product]
$\newcommand{\h}{\operatorname{H}}$
Let $k$ be a global field, $A$ an ...

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### Non existence of cyclic infinite linear algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group defined over some algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ and also over some subfield $k\subset \mathbb{K}$. There is thus a natural group structure on the set of ...

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### can the power of a complex number be arbitrary close to a number? [migrated]

Given a complex number $z$ with $|z|=1$ and $z$ is not a root of unit, and a complex number $r$ with $|r|=1$, and a natural number $N>0$. Is it the case that
for any $\epsilon>0$, there exists ...

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117 views

### How to estimate a local hilbert samuel funcion

Let $X$ be a reduced hypersurface in the projective variety $\mathbb{P}^n(K)$, where $K$ is a number field. Select $\xi$ is a $F_{\mathfrak{p}}$-rational point of $X$ where $\mathfrak{p}$ is a prime ...

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### Explicit description of a quaternion algebra with a prescribed set of ramified places

Let $k$ be an algebraic number field. I understand that given a finite set of non-complex places $S\subset V(k)$ of even cardinality, there exists a unique quaternion algebra $Q$ over $k$ such that ...

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### Discriminant of a compositum of number fields, a bound?

Given two number fields $E$ and $F$, is there a bound on $|d_{EF}|$, the absolute value of the absolute discriminant of the compositum of fields $EF$, in terms of $d_E$, $d_F$, and the extension ...

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### Continuity of the Hilbert pairing

I would like to know if the Kummer pairing (or the analogue of the Hilbert Symbol) for a one dimensional group defined over the ring of integers of a higher-dimensional local field is continuous (with ...

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### When does a dyadic prime ramify in a relative quadratic extension?

In a quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$of $\mathbb{Q}$ it is clear that 2 ramifies if and only if $d\equiv 2,3\mod 4$ (easy to see if you compute the discriminant). But if I take a relative ...

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### Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that
$$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$
holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...

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153 views

### $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$.
The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...

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70 views

### Principally split primes with factors in arbitrarily small angular sectors

I wonder if the following is known:
let $n$ be a (square-free) positive integer. Is there ever/always a sequence of prime numbers $p$ that can be written in the form $$p = x^2 + ny^2,$$ where
$x, y$ ...

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329 views

### Effective lower bound for class numbers of cyclotomic fields

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\mu_p)$ with class number $h=h^+h^-$, where as usual $h^+$ is the class number of the maximal real subfield of $K$. My question is whether there is an effective lower bound for $h$ ...

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226 views

### Explicit isomorphism for quaternion algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the isomorphism class of a quaternion algebra $A=\binom{a,b}{K}$ over a number field $K$ is determined by the finite set of places $v$ of $K$ where $A\otimes_K K_v$ is a division ...

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### Integers not represented by $ 2 x^2 + x y + 3 y^2 + z^3 - z $

EDIT, 9 March 2014: when I asked this in 2010, I did not have the courage of my convictions, and so did not ask for an if and only if proof, as Kevin Buzzard quite properly pointed out. Such problems ...

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### Integral elements of quaternion algebras with predescribed properties

In the course of doing some calculations I have found myself wanting to answer the following question:
Let $D/\mathbb{Q}$ be a quaternion algebra ramified at a prime $p$ and at $\infty$ and let ...

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### Units in residue classes

Let $K$ be a CM-field of degree $2n$. (Quadratic extension of totally real number field)
Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the ring of integers in $K$, and $m\geq 1$ an integer. Let $U_K$ be the group of units ...

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### Questions about the proof of Stickelberger's theorem on discriminants

I was going through the proof of Stickelberger's theorem about discriminants in the book 'Algebraic Number Theory' by Richard A. Mollin, and I am having some problems in understanding the proof. I ...

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### Double Density Theorem?

A colleague asks me the following: "I wonder if you can give me a reference - or a guidance where to look – from a fact I recall from graduate school. I’m sure it can be generalized quite a bit but ...

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### Connection between quadratic forms and ideal class group

I'm studying the classic results on binary (integer) quadratic forms and I'm looking for a reference on the following result (maybe a book that contains a proof):
Let $O_k$ be the ring of algebraic ...

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### Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...

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387 views

### On Weil's characters of type (A)

In Weil's paper
"On a certain type of characters of the idele-class group of an algebraic number field",
Weil introduces a class of characters on the Idele class group (of not necessarily finite ...

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### Cubic field and the corresponding cubic binary form

I am currently reading about binary cubic forms and cubic number fields (mainly about using binary cubic forms with integer coefficients to parametrize orders in the cubic field) and I thought it ...

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### Chebotarev density theorem for $k$-almost primes

Consider a finite Galois extension $L$ of $\mathbb Q$, of Galois group $G$. Let $k \geq 1$ be a fixed integer. Let $D$ be a subset of $G^k$ invariant by conjugation and by the natural action of the ...

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### About principal ideal theorem in number fields

I usually consider a cyclic extension $K$ of degree an odd prime $p$ over the rational field $\mathbf{Q}$.
In this case, there is a well-known result that "every ambiguous class in the class group ...

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### Significance of the sign of the field norm for units in real quadratic fields

Let $k = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{m})$, where $m \equiv 1 \pmod{8}$. Let $\epsilon$ be the fundamental unit of $k$ satisfying $\epsilon > 1$.
A paper I'm reading involves studying the 2-torsion fields ...

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809 views

### Linear independence of the square roots over Q

Does there exist a real number $a$ such that the numbers $\sqrt{n^2 + a^2}$ (for all natural $n$) are linearly independent over the field of rational numbers? It is evident that $a$ cannot be ...

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### Frohman & Fine's proof about Bianchi groups as HNN extensions (or anyone else's)

Specifically, I am looking for a proof that for squarefree $d\in\mathbb{N}\setminus\{ 1,3\}$, there exists some Kleinian $\Gamma$ and some $\alpha\in$Aut$(PSL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$, such that the Bianchi ...

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### Compatibility of two definitions of elliptic elements in GLn

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ (over a local field),
$g$ is called $elliptic$ if it is semisimple and the maximal split subtorus of the center of the centralizer of $g$ is ...

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### Is any/every order on a number field forced by some finite extension?

Say a field extension $E/F$ forces the order on an ordered $F$ if every positive $x$ in $F$ is a sum of squares in $E$. A real closure of $F$ does this. And $\mathbb{Q}$ forces its own sole ...

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### Text for Algebraic Number Theory

I have the privilege of teaching an algebraic number theory course next fall, a rare treat for an algebraic topologist, and have been pondering the choice of text. The students will know some ...

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### Has anyone found an error in an early version of Neukirch?

I remember a friend in graduate school throwing an early edition of Jurgen Neukirch's Algebraic Number Theory book against a wall (so hard that it split the binding) after he had worked for a number ...

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### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

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### Cyclotomic Fields over Q and prime ideals

Q is the rational number field.
p is a prime number.
q is a prime number other than p.
$k_{p^r}$ is a cyclotomic field.
$k_{p^r}$=Q(x) where x is exp(2$\pi$i/$p^r$).
[$k_{p^r}$:Q]=$p^{r-1}(p-1)$.
...

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### Does Hasse-Minkowski help to produce nontrivial rational solutions?

Consider a quadratic form over $\mathbb{Q}$, say, a diagonal one in three variables
$$
F(X, Y,Z) = a · X^2 + b · Y^2 − c · Z^2
$$
with positive integers $a,b,c$. Then $F(X,Y,Z)=0$ has a non-trivial ...

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### bounds of weighted sum of exponentials (related to Baker's theorem)

Given $n$ integers $a_1, \cdots, a_n$ and $n$ algebraic numbers $b_1, \cdots, b_n$, consider
$S=\sum_{i=0}^n a_i e^{b_i}$, the question is how to give a lower bound of $|S|$ assuming that $S\neq 0$, ...

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### Cyclotomic integers with given modulus

The following problem was posted to the NMBRTHRY mailing list about a week ago, without eventually getting a satisfactory solution.
Suppose that $p=(n^2+1)/2$ is a prime, with $n\ge 5$ integer. Does ...

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### Domains $D$ for which for any prime $P$, $D_P$ is a PID

Is there any name or alternative characterization for the class of integral domains $D$ such that for any prime ideal $P$, $D_P$ is a principal ideal domain?