Algebraic number fields, Algebraic integers, Arithmetic Geometry, Elliptic Curves, Function fields, Local fields, Arithmetic groups, Automorphic forms, zeta functions, $L$-functions, Quadratic forms, Quaternion algebras, Homogenous forms, Class groups, Units, Galois theory, Group cohomology, Étale ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

13
votes
3answers
374 views

Infiniteness of the Galois cohomology over a number field with coefficients in a finite Galois module

Let $k$ be a number field and $M$ be a nonzero finite discrete $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar k/k)$-module. Is it true that $H^1(k,M)$ is infinite? This would complete the answer of Daniel Loughran. There is a ...
5
votes
0answers
93 views

Primitive element for a number field, and ramification

Let $K=\mathbb Q(\theta)$ be a number field with integral primitive element $\theta$, and let $f(x)$ be the minimal polynomial of $\theta$. Let $p$ be a rational prime. It's well known that if $p$ ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Globalizing local field extensions with controlled ramification

Let $K_1/k_1, \ldots, K_r/k_r$ be "separable cyclic" extensions of degree $n$ where each $k_i$ is a local field of characteristic 0 (archimedean or not). By separable cyclic of degree $n$, I mean the ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

Unique quadratic subextension of a ray class field

Let $K_q$ denote the unique quadratic subextension of the ray class field over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $q\times\infty$. Then $K_q$ should be $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{q})$ if $q$ if 1 mod 4 and ...
1
vote
2answers
293 views

Expository articles on Algebraic Number Theory

I am about to start learning Algebraic Number Theory and thus was looking for some expository articles on this subject. So far I have found two such articles: Dickson, L. E.. (1917). Fermat's Last ...
0
votes
2answers
316 views

local field and number field

Let $K$ be a local field (locally compact topological field) of characteristic zero. Is it true that $K$ is isomorphic to the completion of a number field under some valuations? If yes, then how to ...
7
votes
1answer
348 views

Can one define “Ramanujan Summation” over algebraic number fields?

With some trepidation, I ask to "evaluate" badly divergent sums. Generalizing $\sum n = -\tfrac{1}{12}$ what would be the value of this sum over $\mathbb{Z}[i]$? $$\sum_{m,n \geq 0} (m+in) ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Subfields of $\mathbb{Q}\bigl(\sqrt[n]{a}\bigr)$ for $a>0$

This is related to a question on Math Stack Exchange. Given a rational number $a>0$ and an $n\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $x^n - a$ is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$, it is known that every subfield of ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Exceptional primes in Kummer-Dedekind theorem

Suppose that $A$ is a Dedekind domain with fraction field $K$, $L$ is a finite separable extension of $K$, and $B$ is the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Suppose that $t$ is a primitive element for ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

“Algebrazing” canonical subgroups of elliptic curves

I'm puzzled by a part of the construction of the canonical subgroup of a "not too supersingular" elliptic curve. In Katz's paper, one produces a subgroup of the formal group of the elliptic curve but ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Fundamental Units in Totally Real Cubic Fields

How much is known about the fundamental units in totally real cubic fields? For example, Daniel Shanks has a family of totally real cubic fields for which the fundamental units are known; those with ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Character group of the multiplicative rationals

I was reading some stuff on Hecke characters and came across an issue I have not been able to resolve. I posted it here on math stack exchange first. Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\times}$ be the multiplicative ...
4
votes
2answers
718 views

Prime ideals in the ring of algebraic integers

Let $m(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \dots + a_1 x+ a_0$, $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$, be an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $K = \mathbb{Q}[x] / {m(x)\mathbb{Q}[x]}$, so $K$ is an algebraic ...
3
votes
1answer
182 views

Connected-étale sequence for ordinary CM elliptic curves

Let $E/k$ be an elliptic curve over algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ with CM, for simplicity, by the maximal order of a quadratic imaginary field $K/\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $p$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
255 views

About a decomposition of the ideles and the relation to the Artin map

The ideles of $\mathbb{Q}$, lets denote them by $\mathbb{I}$, satisfy the following decomposition: $\mathbb{Q}^\times\times \mathbb{R}_{>0}\times\prod_p \mathbb{Z}_p^\times \to \mathbb{I}$ The ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

About list of discriminants of real quadratic fields with narrow class number 1?

I have a couple of questions regarding the list of discriminants of real quadratic fields with narrow class number 1. The sequence A003655 in OEIS portraits a list of discriminants of real quadratic ...
2
votes
3answers
327 views

Primes in arithmetic progressions in number fields

My general question is how does one prove equi-distribution results for primes in arithmetic progressions in number fields? I am interested in the equi-distribution of prime elements of the ring of ...
9
votes
2answers
532 views

Number of polynomials whose Galois group is a subgroup of the alternating group

Let $f = x^n + a_{n-1}x^n + \cdots + a_0$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n \geq 2$ with integer coefficients. By $\text{Gal}(f)$ we mean the Galois group over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the Galois closure of ...
10
votes
1answer
222 views

On $\eta(6z)\eta(18z)$ and the splitting / modularity of $x^3 - 2$

Consider one of the simplest non-abelian examples of modularity. Let $$\eta(6z)\eta(18z) = q\prod_{n=1}^\infty (1 - q^{6n})(1 - q^{18n}) = q - q^7 - q^{13} -q^{19} + q^{25} + 2q^{31} - q^{37} + ...
5
votes
1answer
465 views

On the Diophantine equation $x^2 = y^p + 2^{r}z^p$ where $p\geq 7$ is an odd prime and $r \geq 2$

It is known that the only nonzero pairwise coprime integer solutions to the above Diophantine equation are for $r=3$, for which $(x, y, z) = (3,1,1)$ and $(-3,1, 1)$. (Cohen, Number Theory Volume 2: ...
14
votes
1answer
718 views

Even Galois representations “mod p”

Consider an irreducible $\mathrm{mod}$ $p$ representation: $$\rho: \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})\to\mathrm{GL}_2(\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p)$$ If $\rho$ is odd, it was conjectured by Serre in ...
2
votes
1answer
296 views

Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this, For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity $$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Why is the kernel of an algebraic Hecke character open in the ideles?

I've been reading about algebraic Hecke characters, and how one obtains one dimensional $p$-adic representations from them. I have a question about why the kernel of a map defined on the ideles is ...
21
votes
0answers
227 views

Does every ring of integers sit inside a monogenic ring of integers?

Given a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$ whose ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ is, in general, not of the form $\mathbf{Z}[\alpha]$ (not monogenic), does there exist an extension $L/K$ which has ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

What is the ring of integers in $\mathbb Q^c\otimes_K K_\mathfrak p$? [closed]

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $\mathcal O_K$ and $\mathfrak p$ a prime of $K$. Let $\mathbb Q^c$ be the algebraic closure of $\mathbb Q$ in $\mathbb C$. If $L$ is a number field ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

More generalized RSA construction

Is there a way to construct RSA type cryptosystem over general number rings? Can Number Field Sieve technique be applied here?
4
votes
0answers
63 views

An order in $\mathbb Q[G]$ which is a maximal $\mathbb Z_p$-order in $\mathbb Q_p[G]$ for finitely many primes $p$

Let $G$ be a finite group and $S$ a finite set of prime numbers. I know that every separable $\mathbb Q$-algebra $A$ contains a maximal $\mathbb Z$-order but I wonder if the following is true. Is ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Mahler measure of a totally positive, expanding algebraic integer

Consider a degree-$d$ algebraic integer $\alpha$ all of whose conjugates (including itself) are real numbers greater than 1. Its Mahler measure $M(\alpha)$ is simply equal to the norm $N(\alpha)$. ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

The best possible density in Hilbert's Irreducibility Theorem

Let $f(X,t_1,\dots,t_s)$ be an irreducible polynomial with coefficients in $\mathcal{O}_K$, the ring of integers of a number field $K$. By work of S. D. Cohen ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

If two Hecke characters cut out the same field, are they Galois conjugates?

First question on MathOverflow, I hope it is appropriate for this site. There are two related questions. Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K = Gal(\overline{K}/K)$, $p$ a prime, and ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there an elementary way to find the integer solutions to $x^2-y^3=1$?

I gave this problem to my undergraduate assistant, as I saw that Euler had originally solved it (although I am having trouble finding his proof). After working on it for two weeks, we boiled the hard ...
11
votes
0answers
485 views

What is known about the reverse mathematics of algebraic number fields?

I know work on the reverse mathematics of countable algebraic field extensions including Galois theory, notably including Dorais, Hirst, and Shafer http://arxiv.org/pdf/1209.4944v2.pdf. But algebraic ...
9
votes
0answers
450 views

Algebraic proofs of algebraic theorems about algebraically closed fields

It is well-known that the first order theory of algebraically closed fields admits quantifier elimination, whence the theory $ACF_p$ of algebraically closed fields of given characteristic $p$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

How to Taylor series expand at the prime at infinity

Given a rational number, one can find a Taylor series expansion with respect to any $p$-adic valuation, as covered in Gouvea's introductory text on $p$-adic numbers. My question is how does one do ...
12
votes
1answer
211 views

Are quadratic units cyclotomic norms?

Consider the fundamental unit $\varepsilon$ of a real quadratic number field $k = {\mathbb Q}(\sqrt{p})$ for primes $p \equiv 1 \bmod 4$, and let $h$ denote its class number. By Dirichlet's work on ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How much do I need to learn algebraic geometry to understand arithmetics over number fields

I am at the stage of learning. Mostly, I am attracted by algebraic number theory. Roughly speaking, I am interested in the rational points of algebraic varieties. I am little bit afraid to start to ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

How to show that $h(-D)\geq \displaystyle\sum_{a\in A_1\\, 1\leq a\leq{\frac{\sqrt D}{2}}} 1$?

Here $A_1=\{u;p|u\Longrightarrow \chi(p)=1\}$ with $\chi$ a real quadratic character and $h(-D)$ the class number of the imaginary quadratic field of the fundamental discriminant. This problem occurs ...
11
votes
3answers
562 views

Philosophy behind cohomological representations

For a given real reductive Lie group $G$, we have the notion of a representation being cohomological using the Lie algebra cohomology. In particular we know that the discrete series representations of ...
12
votes
3answers
659 views

Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension. What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...
24
votes
10answers
3k views

What are some interesting problems in the intersection of Algebraic Number Theory and Algebraic Topology?

I'm a beginning graduate student and while my background is primarily in algebraic number theory, I've found myself a bit smitten with the subject of algebraic topology recently after only having read ...
16
votes
2answers
729 views

Special topics to include in course in algebraic number theory

I'll be teaching an introductory course in algebraic number theory this fall (stopping before class field theory). I'm looking for a good list of "special topics" I can include to illustrate the ...
23
votes
1answer
491 views

Artin reciprocity $\implies $ Cubic reciprocity

I asked this on math.SE a few days ago with no reply, so I'm reposting it here. Hope this is not considered too elementary for MO (feel free to close if so). I'm trying to understand the proof of ...
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Equation with norms of cyclic extensions of coprime degrees

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be a quadratic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ and $\mathbb{L}$ be a cyclic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ of odd degree. Given a rational $r\neq 0$, does there always exist $k\in \mathbb{K}^*$ ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

Siegel's article “The volume of the fundamental domain for some infinite groups”: trouble with understanding computations

This is the article I mentioned. While the idea of what Siegel is doing in order to compute the volume of the fundamental domain described in the article (the very first one, for there are discussed ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Computing algebraic properties of trace fields, as given by SnapPy

SnapPy can tell you the trace field of a hyperbolic $3$-manifold (which is awesome), but it specifies the field by outputting: the minimal polynomial of the field over $\mathbb{Q}$, and a decimal ...
12
votes
1answer
212 views

A prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ decomposes in $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{24})/\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-6})$ iff it is generated by $\alpha\in1+2\Bbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$

For a nonzero prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ of $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-6}]$ which does not divide $2$, does $\mathfrak{p}$ decompose completely in the extension $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_{24})/\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-6})$ ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Sign of bivariate polynomial evaluated over two algebraic numbers

I would like to compute the sign of a bivariate polynomial $f$ evaluated over two algebraic numbers $a$, $b$. The numbers are in "isolating interval representation" meaning that each one is defined by ...
4
votes
0answers
136 views

extending $p$-adic character of the local intertia to the absolute Galois group

Suppose I have a number field $F$, and a finite place $v$ of $F$. Let $E$ be finite extension of $F_v$. I start with a continuous morphism $$ \chi \colon O_{F_v}^\times \to E^\times. $$ where ...
34
votes
13answers
3k views

Applications of the Cayley-Hamilton theorem

The Cayley-Hamilton theorem is usually presented in standard undergraduate courses in linear algebra as an important result. Recall that it says that any square matrix is a "root" of its own ...
6
votes
3answers
255 views

For an arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifold group, when is its trace field not its invariant trace field?

Edit: In my original post I failed to require the group to be a manifold group. The answer below from @BenLinowitz works in that case. I am really interested though in when the group is torsion-free, ...