**4**

votes

**3**answers

408 views

### Distinct primitive factorizations over integers of number fields

I am curious about the following.
Let $K$ be a number field. For any $a \in \mathcal{O}_K$ in its ring of integers, let $N(a)$ be zero if there exist elements $b, c \in \mathcal{O}_K \setminus ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Domains with prime ideal theorems

Let $D$ be a domain, and for prime ideals $\frak P$ of $D$ the norm is $N({\frak P}):=|D/{\frak P}|$. The prime ideal counting function of $D$ is given by $\pi_D(x)=\#\{{\frak P}\in{\rm ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

698 views

### How small can a totally positive integer be?

Consider a large, fixed $M>2$. For each $n$, let $\alpha_n$ denote the smallest algebraic integer of degree at most $n$, all of whose Galois conjugates lie in the real interval $(0,M)$.
Is there ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

201 views

### Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### A question on the genus field of an algebraic number field

The following is quoted from the Mathematical Reviews.
MR0544896 (80j:12002) Reviewed
Bhaskaran, M.
Construction of genus field and some applications.
J. Number Theory 11 (1979), no. 4, 488–497.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

177 views

### Etale cohomology and restricted direct product

[migrated from math.stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/727896/etale-cohomology-and-restricted-direct-product]
$\newcommand{\h}{\operatorname{H}}$
Let $k$ be a global field, $A$ an ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

509 views

### Non existence of cyclic infinite linear algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group defined over some algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ and also over some subfield $k\subset \mathbb{K}$. There is thus a natural group structure on the set of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

176 views

### Linear polynomials in units of number fields

I would be thankful for a reference to any result that says "how often" an equation of the form $$c_1x_1 + c_2x_2 + ... + c_nx_n = 0,$$
where $n$ is fixed, $c_1, ..., c_n \in \mathcal{O}_K$ are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

222 views

### Small generators of the ideal class group

If $K$ is a number field, a result from Bach tells us that the primes in $K$ of norm smaller that $12 (\log |\mathrm{Discriminant}(K)|)^2$ generate the ideal class group $\mathrm{Cl}_K$. Is there any ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

199 views

### Discriminant of a compositum of number fields, a bound?

Given two number fields $E$ and $F$, is there a bound on $|d_{EF}|$, the absolute value of the absolute discriminant of the compositum of fields $EF$, in terms of $d_E$, $d_F$, and the extension ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Continuity of the Hilbert pairing

I would like to know if the Kummer pairing (or the analogue of the Hilbert Symbol) for a one dimensional group defined over the ring of integers of a higher-dimensional local field is continuous (with ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that
$$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$
holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### When does a dyadic prime ramify in a relative quadratic extension?

In a quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$of $\mathbb{Q}$ it is clear that 2 ramifies if and only if $d\equiv 2,3\mod 4$ (easy to see if you compute the discriminant). But if I take a relative ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Principally split primes with factors in arbitrarily small angular sectors

I wonder if the following is known:
let $n$ be a (square-free) positive integer. Is there ever/always a sequence of prime numbers $p$ that can be written in the form $$p = x^2 + ny^2,$$ where
$x, y$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

174 views

### $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$.
The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Explicit isomorphism for quaternion algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the isomorphism class of a quaternion algebra $A=\binom{a,b}{K}$ over a number field $K$ is determined by the finite set of places $v$ of $K$ where $A\otimes_K K_v$ is a division ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### Units in residue classes

Let $K$ be a CM-field of degree $2n$. (Quadratic extension of totally real number field)
Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the ring of integers in $K$, and $m\geq 1$ an integer. Let $U_K$ be the group of units ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

71 views

### Integral elements of quaternion algebras with predescribed properties

In the course of doing some calculations I have found myself wanting to answer the following question:
Let $D/\mathbb{Q}$ be a quaternion algebra ramified at a prime $p$ and at $\infty$ and let ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

195 views

### Double Density Theorem?

A colleague asks me the following: "I wonder if you can give me a reference - or a guidance where to look – from a fact I recall from graduate school. I’m sure it can be generalized quite a bit but ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

417 views

### Connection between quadratic forms and ideal class group

I'm studying the classic results on binary (integer) quadratic forms and I'm looking for a reference on the following result (maybe a book that contains a proof):
Let $O_k$ be the ring of algebraic ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

645 views

### Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Cubic field and the corresponding cubic binary form

I am currently reading about binary cubic forms and cubic number fields (mainly about using binary cubic forms with integer coefficients to parametrize orders in the cubic field) and I thought it ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

606 views

### Chebotarev density theorem for $k$-almost primes

Consider a finite Galois extension $L$ of $\mathbb Q$, of Galois group $G$. Let $k \geq 1$ be a fixed integer. Let $D$ be a subset of $G^k$ invariant by conjugation and by the natural action of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Significance of the sign of the field norm for units in real quadratic fields

Let $k = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{m})$, where $m \equiv 1 \pmod{8}$. Let $\epsilon$ be the fundamental unit of $k$ satisfying $\epsilon > 1$.
A paper I'm reading involves studying the 2-torsion fields ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Linear independence of the square roots over Q

Does there exist a real number $a$ such that the numbers $\sqrt{n^2 + a^2}$ (for all natural $n$) are linearly independent over the field of rational numbers? It is evident that $a$ cannot be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

196 views

### Compatibility of two definitions of elliptic elements in GLn

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ (over a local field),
$g$ is called $elliptic$ if it is semisimple and the maximal split subtorus of the center of the centralizer of $g$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Is any/every order on a number field forced by some finite extension?

Say a field extension $E/F$ forces the order on an ordered $F$ if every positive $x$ in $F$ is a sum of squares in $E$. A real closure of $F$ does this. And $\mathbb{Q}$ forces its own sole ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Text for Algebraic Number Theory

I have the privilege of teaching an algebraic number theory course next fall, a rare treat for an algebraic topologist, and have been pondering the choice of text. The students will know some ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

312 views

### Does Hasse-Minkowski help to produce nontrivial rational solutions?

Consider a quadratic form over $\mathbb{Q}$, say, a diagonal one in three variables
$$
F(X, Y,Z) = a · X^2 + b · Y^2 − c · Z^2
$$
with positive integers $a,b,c$. Then $F(X,Y,Z)=0$ has a non-trivial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Cyclotomic integers with given modulus

The following problem was posted to the NMBRTHRY mailing list about a week ago, without eventually getting a satisfactory solution.
Suppose that $p=(n^2+1)/2$ is a prime, with $n\ge 5$ integer. Does ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

157 views

### Domains $D$ for which for any prime $P$, $D_P$ is a PID

Is there any name or alternative characterization for the class of integral domains $D$ such that for any prime ideal $P$, $D_P$ is a principal ideal domain?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Frohman & Fine's proof about Bianchi groups as HNN extensions (or anyone else's)

Specifically, I am looking for a proof that for squarefree $d\in\mathbb{N}\setminus\{ 1,3\}$, there exists some Kleinian $\Gamma$ and some $\alpha\in$Aut$(PSL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$, such that the Bianchi ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Mordell-Weil and finiteness of rational points

Let $E$ be a CM elliptic curve defined over a quadratic imaginary field $K$ with maximal order, that is, $\mathrm{End}_K(E)\cong \mathcal{O}_K$. Suppose the class number of $K$ is equal to $1$. Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Definition of level N congruence subgroup of an arithmetic group, useful for computations

My title requests something more general than I actually require right now, so I would settle for an answer to something more specific (details below) but I would like to understand the more general ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Unramified extension and class field theory

I am not sure this question is proper for this site, but there is no other places that I can get an answer. So if anyone can give an answer for this, it would be very helpful to me.
Let $F$ be a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

242 views

### Understanding Umemura's Theorem for roots of algebraic equations

I am trying to understand Umemura's Theorem for expressing the roots of any algebraic equation by higher genus theta functions. The original paper can be found here: ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

213 views

### Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this,
For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity
$$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

461 views

### Irreducible polynomials with a root modulo almost all primes

Let $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a non-zero polynomial which is irreducible over $\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $f$ has a root in $\mathbb{F}_p$ for almost all primes $p$. Must $f$ be linear?
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

516 views

### Hurwitz integers represented as sums of two squares of Hurwitz integers

I wonder if there exists a characterisation of Hurwitz integers which are represented as sums of two squares of Hurwitz integers, up to multiplication by a unit. And if so, could you please point to a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

328 views

### maximal abelian extension of quadratic extension of $\mathbb Q_p$

I read this article "Local class field theory via Lubin-Tate theory" http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0606108v2.pdf. And I want to find the maximal abelian extensions for quadratic extensions of $\mathbb ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### $p=4x^2+27y^2$,with $p$ a prime [closed]

p is a prime ,on what condition the Diophantine equation is solvable.what is it Linear expression ,for example ,$x^2+3y^2=p$, $p=3k+1$ ,$x^2+5y^2=p$ ,
$p=1,9\pmod{20}$.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### The existence of elliptic curves with prescribed supersingular primes

For a given infinite set of primes, not too big, eg, satisfying Lang-Trotter conjecture, can we always find an E.C. with supersingular reduction (at least) at these primes? How about E.C. without CM?
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### The existence of infinitely many supersingular primes for every elliptic curve over Q

Elkies proved The existence of infinitely many supersingular primes for every elliptic curve over Q. I read his paper, but found the supersingular primes he constructed are all 3(mod 4) type. So, how ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Is Eisenstein's map from binary cubic forms really injective when $\Delta > 0$?

The four binary cubic forms, homogeneous cubics of the form $C_j(x,y) = a x^3 + b x^2 y + c x y^2+d y^3 = (a,b,c,d)$,
$C_1 = (1,3,-15,-23)$, $C_2 = (1,3,-51,-203)$, $C_3 = (1,3,-33,-113)$, $C_4 = ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

711 views

### Growth of the “denominator” of powers of an algebraic number

Let $z \in \overline{\bf Q}$ be an algebraic number. Define the "denominator" of z to be the least natural number $n$ such that $nz$ is an algebraic integer.
By a rather ad hoc argument (playing ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Constructing a polyhedron of maximal possible volume from given bounds on areas of its faces

Consider $n$ variables $a_1,...,a_n$ ranging over $\mathbb{R}^+$. Suppose we are given $n$ pairs of positive rational numbers $(p_1,q_1),...,(p_n,q_n)$ where each pair imposes bounds on the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### About principal ideal theorem in number fields

I usually consider a cyclic extension $K$ of degree an odd prime $p$ over the rational field $\mathbf{Q}$.
In this case, there is a well-known result that "every ambiguous class in the class group ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

726 views

### Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics reference

I am looking for good references (preferably, books) on Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics (on Real Quadratic fields) which explain in detail the reasons behind its fundamental assumption (higher the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Minimal polynomial of sums of roots of unity with constant term $\pm1$

Let prime $p$ and given $\zeta_p = e^{2\pi i/p}$. It is well-known that the minimal polynomial of $x = \zeta_p + \zeta_p^{p-1}$ has a constant term either $\pm 1$ and, for certain $p$, the sum of ...