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3
votes
0answers
119 views

Diophantine approximations by norms of quadratic irrrationalities

The following problem came up on a mailing list that I subscribe to: If $\alpha$ is irrational we can find (using continued fractions) infinitely many rational fractions $p/q$ such that $|q \alpha - ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Isogenies in multidimensional formal groups

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be a local field, $A$ the ring of integers of K, $\pi$ a uniformizer element for $A$, $F$ an n-dimensional formal group with coefficients in $A$ and $f$ an endomorphism of $F$. ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Deciding if the largest absolute value real root lies in a cyclotomic extension

Given an algebraic equation of degree $n$ of form: $$x^{n} - a_{n-1}x^{n-1} - a_{n-2}x^{n-2} - \dots - a_{0} = 0$$ where each $a_{i} \in \Bbb Q^{+}$ and atleast one positive root, how does one decide ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Modular Functions with Rational Fourier Expansions

I have been reading the paper of Cox, McKay and Stevenhagen "Principal Moduli and Class Fields", http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0311202v1.pdf, and I have a question regarding the nature of the function ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

What is the exact meaning of the real period in the $p$-adic formulation of BSD?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ which has split multiplicative reduction at $p$ (a prime). If one chooses a global Neron model of $E$ over $\mathbf{Z}$ (unique up to unique isomorphism ...
27
votes
6answers
943 views

Patterns among integer-distance points

Mark each point of $\mathbb{N}^2$ ($\mathbb{N}$ the natural numbers) if its Euclidean distance from the origin is an integer. One obtains a plot like this, symmetric about the $45^\circ$ diagonal. ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

Prime ideals in the ring of algebraic integers

Let $m(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \dots + a_1 x+ a_0$, $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$, be an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $K = \mathbb{Q}(x) / {m(x)\mathbb{Q}(x)}$. K is an algebraic number ...
6
votes
2answers
463 views

Is the infimum of Salem numbers > 1?

BACKGROUND A Salem number is an algebraic integer $\theta$ such that all the Galois conjugates of $\theta$ are $\leq 1$ in absolute value, and at least one of them lies on the unit circle. Their ...
0
votes
1answer
342 views

How to do such a partitioning?

Assume: $$ P \subseteq \{1,2,\dots,N\},\quad |P| = K, \qquad x \in \mathbb{R}_+^K , \qquad w = e^{-j\frac{2\pi}N} $$ and, $$ f(l) = \sum_{i=1}^K \sum_{j=1}^K x_i x_j w^{(p_i-p_j)l} $$ I am going to ...
7
votes
2answers
325 views

Class numbers of orders

Consider an order $R$ in a number field $L$. Let $C_R$ be the set of $R$-fractional ideals modulo $L^\times$. Let $O$ be the maximal order in $L$, and $C_O$ be the class group of $O$. My question: ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Reference request for a basic result on relative differents & discriminants

I am looking for a better reference for the results in this extremely short and elementary paper: Tôyama, Hiraku, `A note on the different of the composed field', Kōdai Math. Sem. Rep. 7 (1955), ...
8
votes
2answers
377 views

Class number of real maximal subfield of cyclotomic fields

Let $p$ be a prime number and $h_p^+$ the class number of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p + \zeta_p^{-1})$. What is known about the values of $p$ for which $h_p^+ = 1$? Are there infinitely many? Finitely many? ...
8
votes
1answer
396 views

Fundamental units of imaginary quartic fields

Let $F/{\mathbb Q}$ be an imaginary quartic extension (i.e. the degree $[K:{\mathbb Q}]=4$ and no embedding of $K$ in ${\mathbb C}$ has its image inside the real numbers). Then the unit group of the ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

$\ell$-conductor of a two-dimensional $\ell$-adic Galois representation

Let $\ell$ be a prime number, denote by $K_\ell$ the maximal algebraic extension of $\Bbb{Q}$ ramified only at $\ell$. Let $f = \sum a_n q^n$ be a Hecke eigenform of level $1$ with integer ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Divisor bounds of ideals in number fields

Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and let $I$ be an ideal in $O_K$ (the ring of integers). Denote by $d(I)$ the number of ideals that divide $I$. So if $I= \prod_{i=1}^k p_i^{e_i}$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

How to estimate a local hilbert samuel funcion

Let $X$ be a reduced hypersurface in the projective variety $\mathbb{P}^n(K)$, where $K$ is a number field. Select $\xi$ is a $F_{\mathfrak{p}}$-rational point of $X$ where $\mathfrak{p}$ is a prime ...
5
votes
1answer
445 views

Analogy between Jacobian of curve and Ideal class group

It is excerpt from "Algebraic Geometry Codes Basic ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

On Cubic Non-Residues Modulo a Prime [closed]

What is a good test for identifying cubic non-residues/residues and higher power non-residues/residues modulo a prime $R$ in terms of computational complexity? Given $M$ and $N$, is there a good way ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

What is the real subring of a ring of cyclotomic integers?

I am looking at tilings whose vertices lie in a ring of cyclotomic integers. These tilings are of interest as they can have interesting scaling properties or be substitution tilings. Interesting ...
10
votes
1answer
994 views

Are overlaps among {algebraic geometry, arithmetic geometry, algebraic number theory} growing?

From a naive outsider's viewpoint, just watching the MO postings in those three fields scroll by, and hearing of breakthroughs in the news, it appears there might be increasing overlap among the ...
16
votes
1answer
449 views

Is there a known example of a curve X of genus > 1 over Q such that we know the number of points of X over the n-th cyclotomic field, for every n?

By Falting's theorem, these numbers are of course finite. Is there an example where we can explicitly compute them for every $n$? Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
216 views

For any n and some prime p there is an elemnet in Zp* of order n [closed]

How can I prove, that for any positive integer $n>0$ there is a prime $p$, such that the multiplicative group of the residue ring $Z_p^*$ contains an element $a$ of order $n$? No ideas at all...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Lower Degree Elements in an Algebraic Number Field

Fix an algebraic integer $\alpha$ of degree $n$ such that the extension $K=\mathbf{Q}(\alpha)/\mathbf{Q}$ has intermediate fields. (We can assume $K$ is Galois with non-simple Galois group.) This ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

classification of rank $2$ $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra with invertible discriminant

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n$ be an integer. Let $A$ be an $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra of rank $2$ whose discriminant is non invertible. In Serre's book lecture on the mordell Weil theorem ...
7
votes
2answers
571 views

Quintic polynomial solution by Jacobi Theta function.

Does someone have a good and rigorous reference for the solution of quintic ploynomial equation with Jacobi Theta function, in English? Mathworld and Wikipedia don't give a good English reference, at ...
7
votes
0answers
75 views

Is the equidissection spectrum closed under addition?

If a polygon can be cut into $m$ as well as into $n$ triangular pieces of equal area, can it also be cut into $m+n$ triangles of equal area? (I'm editing after realizing that my conjecture that a ...
8
votes
1answer
315 views

Extensions of Galois representations

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbb Q}/{\mathbb Q})$ be the absolute Galois group of the rationals. Fix two continuous group homomorphisms $\alpha,\beta: G\to {\mathbb Q}_l^\times$, where $l$ is a prime and ...
45
votes
5answers
2k views

If a unitsquare is partitioned into 101 triangles, is the area of one at least 1%?

Update: The answer to the title question is not necessarily, as pointed out by Tapio and Willie. I would be more interested in lower bounds. Monsky's famous and amazingly tricky proof says that if we ...
6
votes
1answer
686 views

Questions about the proof of Stickelberger's theorem on discriminants

I was going through the proof of Stickelberger's theorem about discriminants in the book 'Algebraic Number Theory' by Richard A. Mollin, and I am having some problems in understanding the proof. I ...
2
votes
0answers
417 views

Simplifying an algebraic integer expression

I have an expression where the variables are algebraic integers: $p4 = \frac{p12 - p41 \cdot p21}{p22}$ p12 is degree 48 and p22 is most likely degree 48 too. p41 is degree 32 and p21 is degree 24. I ...
20
votes
0answers
936 views

Orders in number fields

Let $K$ be a degree $n$ extension of ${\mathbb Q}$ with ring of integers $R$. An order in $K$ is a subring with identity of $R$ which is a ${\mathbb Z}$-module of rank $n$. Question: Let $p$ be an ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Decompositions of representations of pro-p groups

Let $P$ be a pro-p group. Assume that there is a filtration of $P$ by normal subgroups $P_i$ such that $P_0=P$ and $P_{i+1} < P_i(i\in\mathbb N)$. Let $V$ be an $l$-adic representation of $P$, ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

points in $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L)$ rational over tensor product of fields

Let V be a variety over a number field, and let K and L be two algebraically closed What is known about the points of $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L )$ ? Are there results claiming that points in ...
11
votes
2answers
728 views

how to visualize the class number of an imaginary quadratic field?

Let me detail the title of the question. I'm trying to give students an intuition of what the class number is. Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$, with $d>0$ a square-free integer, be a quadratic ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...
5
votes
1answer
257 views

Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO, Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...
7
votes
1answer
464 views

Numbers integrally represented by a ternary cubic form

Given integers $a,b,c,$ and cubic form $$ f(a,b,c) = a^3 + b^3 + c^3 + a^2 b - a b^2 + 3 a^2 c - a c^2 + b^2 c - b c^2 - 4 a b c $$ $$ f(a,b,c) = \det \left( \begin{array}{ccc} a & b ...
4
votes
3answers
283 views

Computing certain class numbers modulo 4

Let $p \equiv 5 \pmod{8}, q \equiv 7 \pmod{8}$ be primes and $N = pq$. I want to show that the class number $n$ of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-N})$ satisfies $n \equiv 2 \pmod{4}$ if $\left(\frac{q}{p}\right) ...
0
votes
1answer
245 views

local field and number field

Let $K$ be a local field (locally compact topological field) of characteristic zero. Is it true that $K$ is isomorphic to the completion of a number field under some valuations? If yes, then how to ...
14
votes
1answer
710 views

Principal maximal ideals in Z[x]/(F)

Is there some irreducible $F \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ such that $\mathbb{Z}[x]/(F)$ has no principal maximal ideal? Equivalently, is it possible that the $1$-dimensional integral domain $\mathbb{Z}[x]/(F)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
395 views

How can we understand Baker's theorem about transcendence ?

We know that for algebraic $e^{it\pi}$, $t$ can not be algebraic irrational by Baker's theorem, but his proof is analytic; is there some algebraic understanding for such fact? If $t$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
308 views

If e^itπ is algebraic , is $t$ a rational number. [closed]

I have a elementary question:If e^itπ is algebraic , is $t$ a rational number. I do not know whether it is right
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Rational points on surfaces of general type

The weak Lang conjecture asserts that rational points on a variety of general type defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ are not Zariski dense (same replacing $\mathbb{Q}$ with a number field). This one is proved ...
3
votes
2answers
615 views

Exercise in Milne's CFT notes

On page 156 of Milne's Class field theory notes available online here, he claims that the Hilbert class field of $K = \mathbb Q(\sqrt{-6})$ is the splitting field of $x^2+3$ but I don't believe so. ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Functional equations of zeta functions over global fields

The functional equations for Dedekind zeta functions (zeta functions attached to rings of integers in algebraic number fields) come from functional equations of theta functions like $\sum_{n \in ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

on degree zero elements in adelic groups

Let $G$ a split connected reductive group and $G(\mathbb{A})$ his points in the ring of adeles. We have a degree map $G(\mathbb{A})\rightarrow X_{*}(Z)$ where $Z$ is the center of $G$. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

An expression for the function $f_e$ that appears in the Weil Pairing

Let $K$ be a local field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve such that the set of $N$-torsion points, $E[N]$, is contained in $E(K)$. For $e$ in $E[N]$, I am interested in finding and expression for the ...
0
votes
2answers
436 views

on the set of numbers generated by integer linear combination of two real numbers.

Let $b > a > 0$ be two real numbers. I am interested in the set of numbers $X(p,q) = p a + q b$ with $p,q$ positive integers. Basically this is the set $a \mathbb{N} + b \mathbb{N}$. What ...
4
votes
4answers
407 views

Decomposition of primes in Galois closures of number fields

Let $L/K$ be an extension of number fields, and $M/K$ the Galois closure of $L/K$ (everything happens inside a suitably large characteristic zero field $\Omega$). Let $p$ be a discrete prime of $K$. ...