The algebraic-number-theory tag has no wiki summary.

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### Extensions of Galois representations

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbb Q}/{\mathbb Q})$ be the absolute Galois group of the rationals. Fix two continuous group homomorphisms $\alpha,\beta: G\to {\mathbb Q}_l^\times$, where $l$ is a prime and ...

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**5**answers

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### If a unitsquare is partitioned into 101 triangles, is the area of one at least 1%?

Update: The answer to the title question is not necessarily, as pointed out by Tapio and Willie. I would be more interested in lower bounds.
Monsky's famous and amazingly tricky proof says that if we ...

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**1**answer

647 views

### Questions about the proof of Stickelberger's theorem on discriminants

I was going through the proof of Stickelberger's theorem about discriminants in the book 'Algebraic Number Theory' by Richard A. Mollin, and I am having some problems in understanding the proof. I ...

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**0**answers

415 views

### Simplifying an algebraic integer expression

I have an expression where the variables are algebraic integers:
$p4 = \frac{p12 - p41 \cdot p21}{p22}$
p12 is degree 48 and p22 is most likely degree 48 too. p41 is degree 32 and p21 is degree 24. I ...

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**0**answers

922 views

### Orders in number fields

Let $K$ be a degree $n$ extension of ${\mathbb Q}$ with ring of integers $R$. An order in $K$ is a subring with identity of $R$ which is a ${\mathbb Z}$-module of rank $n$.
Question: Let $p$ be an ...

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**0**answers

84 views

### Decompositions of representations of pro-p groups

Let $P$ be a pro-p group. Assume that there is a filtration of $P$ by normal subgroups $P_i$ such that $P_0=P$ and $P_{i+1} < P_i(i\in\mathbb N)$. Let $V$ be an $l$-adic representation of $P$, ...

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votes

**1**answer

132 views

### ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb ...

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84 views

### points in $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L)$ rational over tensor product of fields

Let V be a variety over a number field, and let K and L be two algebraically closed
What is known about the points of $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L )$ ?
Are there results claiming that points in ...

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**2**answers

706 views

### how to visualize the class number of an imaginary quadratic field?

Let me detail the title of the question. I'm trying to give students an intuition of what the class number is.
Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-d})$, with $d>0$ a square-free integer, be a quadratic ...

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**0**answers

118 views

### P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...

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**1**answer

254 views

### Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO,
Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...

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votes

**1**answer

449 views

### Numbers integrally represented by a ternary cubic form

Given integers $a,b,c,$ and cubic form
$$ f(a,b,c) = a^3 + b^3 + c^3 + a^2 b - a b^2 + 3 a^2 c - a c^2 + b^2 c - b c^2 - 4 a b c $$
$$ f(a,b,c) =
\det \left( \begin{array}{ccc}
a & b ...

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**3**answers

280 views

### Computing certain class numbers modulo 4

Let $p \equiv 5 \pmod{8}, q \equiv 7 \pmod{8}$ be primes and $N = pq$. I want to show that the class number $n$ of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-N})$ satisfies $n \equiv 2 \pmod{4}$ if $\left(\frac{q}{p}\right) ...

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votes

**1**answer

242 views

### local field and number field

Let $K$ be a local field (locally compact topological field) of characteristic zero.
Is it true that $K$ is isomorphic to the completion of a number field
under some valuations?
If yes, then how to ...

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**1**answer

704 views

### Principal maximal ideals in Z[x]/(F)

Is there some irreducible $F \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ such that $\mathbb{Z}[x]/(F)$ has no principal maximal ideal? Equivalently, is it possible that the $1$-dimensional integral domain $\mathbb{Z}[x]/(F)$ ...

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**1**answer

383 views

### How can we understand Baker's theorem about transcendence ?

We know that for algebraic $e^{it\pi}$, $t$ can not be algebraic irrational by
Baker's theorem, but his proof is analytic; is there some algebraic understanding for such fact? If $t$ is ...

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**1**answer

307 views

### If e^itπ is algebraic , is $t$ a rational number. [closed]

I have a elementary question:If e^itπ is algebraic , is $t$ a rational number.
I do not know whether it is right

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**1**answer

301 views

### Rational points on surfaces of general type

The weak Lang conjecture asserts that rational points on a variety of general type defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ are not Zariski dense (same replacing $\mathbb{Q}$ with a number field). This one is proved ...

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**2**answers

611 views

### Exercise in Milne's CFT notes

On page 156 of Milne's Class field theory notes available online here, he claims that the Hilbert class field of $K = \mathbb Q(\sqrt{-6})$ is the splitting field of $x^2+3$ but I don't believe so.
...

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**1**answer

192 views

### Functional equations of zeta functions over global fields

The functional equations for Dedekind zeta functions (zeta functions attached to rings of integers in algebraic number fields) come from functional equations of theta functions like $\sum_{n \in ...

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44 views

### on degree zero elements in adelic groups

Let $G$ a split connected reductive group and $G(\mathbb{A})$ his points in the ring of adeles.
We have a degree map $G(\mathbb{A})\rightarrow X_{*}(Z)$ where $Z$ is the center of $G$.
Let ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### An expression for the function $f_e$ that appears in the Weil Pairing

Let $K$ be a local field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve such that the set of $N$-torsion points, $E[N]$, is contained in $E(K)$. For $e$ in $E[N]$, I am interested in finding and expression for the ...

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415 views

### on the set of numbers generated by integer linear combination of two real numbers.

Let $b > a > 0$ be two real numbers. I am interested in the set of numbers
$X(p,q) = p a + q b$ with $p,q$ positive integers. Basically this is the set $a \mathbb{N} + b \mathbb{N}$.
What ...

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**4**answers

401 views

### Decomposition of primes in Galois closures of number fields

Let $L/K$ be an extension of number fields, and $M/K$ the Galois closure of $L/K$ (everything happens inside a suitably large characteristic zero field $\Omega$). Let $p$ be a discrete prime of $K$.
...

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157 views

### linear independence of orbits via a set of transformations in char p

Let $T_1, \ldots, T_n \in GL(n,\mathbb{F}_p)$. Suppose for all $\vec{v} \in \mathbb{F}_p^n$ we have $\det (T_1 \vec{v}, T_2 \vec{v}, \ldots, T_n \vec{v}) = 0$. Now, let $k$ be a finite extension of ...

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### Algebraic number theory: building and simplifying

This is a somewhat subjective question, about the past, present and especially future of algebraic number theory. I'm not at all in this area, but I'd be interested in an answer.
As we all know, ...

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243 views

### Do the Adeles Split?

I asked this question about a week ago here http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/288955/splitting-the-exact-sequence-of-the-idele-class-group, but got no answer so I thought I'd aske here and see ...

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221 views

### galois cohomology over finite field

Let $X$ a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a finite field $k$. Let $J$ a smooth commutative group scheme over $X$ and $F$ the function field of $X$.
Do we have a formula to ...

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**2**answers

389 views

### On Weil's characters of type (A)

In Weil's paper
"On a certain type of characters of the idele-class group of an algebraic number field",
Weil introduces a class of characters on the Idele class group (of not necessarily finite ...

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228 views

### What else does the Tate-Nakayama lemma tell us about class field theory?

Doing class field theory from the point of view of class formations, it is my understanding that to get the artin reciprocity map, one does this by inverting an isomorphism which is given by the ...

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### Differences in tree picture of ${\bf Q}_p$, $\overline{{\bf Q}_p}$, ${\bf C}_p$, $\Omega_p$

I was discussing the tree picture of ${\bf Z}_p$ and ${\bf Q}_p$ and mentioned that the idea can be extended to ${\bf C}_p$, with the caveat that the tree is no longer locally finite (as the value ...

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### The Riemann Hypothesis and the Langlands program

On page 263 of this book review appears the following:
Given the centrality of L-functions to the Langlands program, nothing would seem more natural (than a presentation of elementary algebraic ...

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**1**answer

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### Décomposition des nombres premiers dans des extensions non abéliennes

Gauß famously determined the cubic character of $2$ in his Disquisitiones : $2$ is a cube modulo a prime number $p\equiv1\mod3$ if and only if $p=x^2+27y^2$ for some $x,y\in\mathbf{Z}$. This implies ...

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**1**answer

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### Is pi = log_a(b) for some integers a, b > 1?

Are there integers $a, b > 1$ such that $\pi = \log_a(b)$?
Or equivalently: are there integers $a,b > 1$ such that $a^\pi = b$?
Note that the transcendence of $\pi$ makes this a problem - ...

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185 views

### Extending systems of l-adic representations to other l

I'm asking this not because I have an idea how one might approach it, but because it seems natural and inherently interesting.
Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K$ its absolute Galois group, and ...

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### Do infinite and ramified local factors of the Dedekind zeta function of a tame number field characterize its local root numbers?

Let say you have two number fields, that are tamely ramified, and suppose that the $p$-part of their Dedekind zeta functions coincide for all prime $p$ which is ramified in either field. Suppose ...

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**2**answers

722 views

### Elementary proof of Mordell's theorem

My question concerns a comment in Silverman-Tate's book "Rational Points on Elliptic Curves" (second printing). On page 76 they begin their proof of 'lemma 4' to the proof of Mordell's theorem, which ...

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**1**answer

946 views

### What happened to Emmy Noether's *Zukunftsphantasie* ?

Recenly I came across Peter Roquette's article On the history of Artin's $L$-functions and conductors (23 July 2003) in which he talks about some letters from Emil Artin and Emmy Noether to Helmut ...

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### Modified radical group of a Kummer extension

If $K/k$ is a degree $p$ Kummer extension of number fields (so $k$ contains the $p^r$th roots of unity for some $r \geq 1$ --- let's also assume $K/k$ is not generated by $p$-power roots of unity), I ...

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139 views

### On Langlands Pairing and transfer factors

In the paper "On the definition of transfer factors" Langlands and Shelstad define a certain number of factors $\Delta_{I}$, $\Delta_{II}$,$\Delta_{III,1}$,$\Delta_{III,2}$, which are roots of unity.
...

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### Derivative of Class number of real quadratic fields

Let $\Delta$ be a fundamental quadratic discriminant, set $N = |\Delta|$,
and define the Fekete polynomials
$$ F_N(X) = \sum_{a=1}^N \Big(\frac{\Delta}a\Big) X^a. $$
Define
$$ f_N(X) = ...

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**1**answer

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### Langlands Paper on representations of abelian algebraic groups

I have been working through Langlands paper which you can see here http://www.sunsite.ubc.ca/DigitalMathArchive/Langlands/pdf/AbelianAlg-ps.pdf and I can understand why one of his maps is obvious and ...

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### Applications of the class number formula, etc.

This is a big list of applications of the class number formula and its generalizations. I'll start:
The solution to Gauss's class number problem for imaginary quadratic fields, and more generally ...

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### Comparing ideal class numbers of different orders

Let $P$ be a monic irreducible integral polynomial. Let $K=\mathbf Q[X]/(P)$ be the associated number field, $\mathcal O$ be its ring of integers and $R$ be the order $\mathbf Z[X]/(P)$.
(In general, ...

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### Orders of Number Fields

Let $K$ be a number field over $\mathbb{Q}$ of degree $n$, and $\mathcal{O} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ an order.
$\textbf{Questions:}$
$\newcommand{\Spec}{\textrm{Spec }}$
$\newcommand{\cO}{\mathcal{O}}$
...

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### Eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices

Edit
I realized that the key piece of information that I need is question 1, and so I'd like to rephrase this post:
What are the possible eigenvalues of nonnegative integer matrices?
Any answer ...

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### Explicit examples of algebraic Hecke characters with infinite image?

Jerry Shurman has a lovely set of notes explaining the classical definition of Hecke characters, the idelic definition of Hecke characters, their relationship, and the classification of algebraic ...

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### A natural way of thinking of the definition of an Artin $L$-function?

Emil Artin knew that given a finite extension of $L/\mathbb{Q}$, the local factor of the zeta function $\zeta_{L/\mathbb{Q}}$ at the prime $p$ should be $\displaystyle\prod_{\mathfrak{p}|p}\frac{1}{1 ...

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**1**answer

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### Where in the literature does the anticyclotomic $\mathbf{Z}_p$-extension of an imaginary quadratic field first appear?

If $K$ is an imaginary quadratic field, then the $\mathbf{Z}_p$-rank of $K$ is $2$, meaning that the Galois group of the compositum of all the $\mathbf{Z}_p$-extensions of $K$ in an algebraic closure ...

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138 views

### How to construct Weil numbers in a given CM quartic field?

Let $L$ be a CM field of degree $4$ over the rationals, and let $p$ be a prime number. If $q$ is a power of $p$, I would like to know if it is possible to characterize (in some way) all Weil ${\bf ...