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12
votes
1answer
418 views

primes represented by an indefinite binary quadratic form

Suppose I have a form $$ f(x,y) = a x^2 + b x y + c y^2, $$ with $a,b,c$ integers, $\gcd(a,b,c)=1$ and $\Delta = b^2 - 4 a c > 0,$ but $\Delta \neq n^2$ for any integer $n.$ Do there exist ...
5
votes
0answers
187 views

Generating congruence subgroups of SL_n over totally imaginary number rings

Fix some $n \geq 3$. Let $k$ be an algebraic number field with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$ and let $\alpha$ be an ideal of $\mathcal{O}$. Define $\text{SL}_n(\mathcal{O},\alpha)$ to be the ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Some puzzles about the three conditions in a paper of D.Berend

Recently, I am reading a paper titled "multi-invariant sets on tori" by D.Berend. I am puzzled by the three necessary and sufficient conditions given there. Could you provide me with some concrete ...
4
votes
0answers
166 views

When is a Number Ring generated by its Norm-1 elements?

In exercise 1.2.11. of Bump's Automorphic Forms and Representations book, he deals with real quadratic fields $K$ in which $\mathcal{O}_K$ is generated (as a ring) by its norm-1 units. In this case ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Action of GL(2,O_k) on 1d subspaces of (O_k)^2

Let $\mathcal{O}_k$ be the ring of integers in an algebraic number field $k$. Let $M$ be a rank $1$ projective module over $\mathcal{O}_k$ (in other words, $M$ is a projective module such that $k ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Prime splitting in cubic field, congruence [closed]

Let $K$ be a cubic Galois extension of $\mathbb{Q}$. I wonder if we can find a congruence for prime $p$ such that $p$ does not split completely in $K$. I know that we can do this for quadratic ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Reduction mod $p$ of units in a ring of integers

Let $\mathcal{O}_k$ be the ring of integers in an algebraic number field $k$ and let $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal of $\mathcal{O}_k$. I'm looking for conditions on $k$ and $\mathfrak{p}$ which ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

Lang's preprint “Cyclotomic points, very anti-canonical varieties, and quasi-algebraic closure”

I am trying to find the following preprint of Serge Lang, which supposedly discusses his C1 conjecture: "Cyclotomic points, very anti-canonical varieties, and quasi-algebraic closure". I have not ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Rational points of non-rational curves

An algebraic curve (in this question) is the zero set   $C = f^{-1}(X\ Y)$ of any polynomial   $f\in\mathbb R[X\ Y]$;   we say then that   $f$   represents   $C$.   ...
8
votes
2answers
361 views

property of trace modulo $n$

I recently noticed an interesting (at least to me) property of the trace but have been unable to prove it. Let ${\mathbb K}$ is an algebraic number field with ${\mathcal O}$ as its ring of integers, ...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Question about ring of integers of cyclotomic field [closed]

Let $\zeta=e^{\frac{2\pi i}{p^n}}$, $p$ is an odd prime. Is $\mathbb{Z}[\zeta]$ a UFD? Thank you for watching.
2
votes
1answer
182 views

RefReq: Algorithms for standard operations in Algebraic Number theory

Given an algebraic number field $F$ (I actually don't have an idea how to implement this data already, except for splitting fields of polynomials, but there is something in SAGE) is there free code ...
5
votes
0answers
144 views

Salem and Perron polynomials

If $P(t)\in \mathbb{Z}[t]$ is a polynomial, let $d$ be its degree and let $P_{*}(t)$ denote its reciprocal polynomial, i.e. $P_{*}(t) := t^d\, P(1/t)$. Let $Q_n(t) \in \mathbb{Z}[t]$ be a polynomial ...
1
vote
1answer
535 views

An integral representation of the Riemann zeta function

I am referring to the equality in equation $3.29$ (page 12) and $4.20$ (page 17) in this paper. I am unable to recognize where this comes from or what is the general expression for values other than ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Derivative of a function related to Dedekind zeta function

Lef $K$ be an algebraic number field of degree $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=n$. For simplicity suppose $K$ is totally real. Define $f(s) = \zeta_K(s) \zeta(1-s)^{n-1}$ where $\zeta = \zeta_{\mathbb{Q}}$. From the ...
3
votes
0answers
222 views

Inequalities in paper by Jean Bourgain

The question refers to the following paper by Jean Bourgain: http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0011053 Specifically, I can't derive the following inequality in (1.20): \begin{equation} ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Diophantine approximations by norms of quadratic irrrationalities

The following problem came up on a mailing list that I subscribe to: If $\alpha$ is irrational we can find (using continued fractions) infinitely many rational fractions $p/q$ such that $|q \alpha - ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Isogenies in multidimensional formal groups

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be a local field, $A$ the ring of integers of K, $\pi$ a uniformizer element for $A$, $F$ an n-dimensional formal group with coefficients in $A$ and $f$ an endomorphism of $F$. ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Deciding if the largest absolute value real root lies in a cyclotomic extension

Given an algebraic equation of degree $n$ of form: $$x^{n} - a_{n-1}x^{n-1} - a_{n-2}x^{n-2} - \dots - a_{0} = 0$$ where each $a_{i} \in \Bbb Q^{+}$ and atleast one positive root, how does one decide ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Modular Functions with Rational Fourier Expansions

I have been reading the paper of Cox, McKay and Stevenhagen "Principal Moduli and Class Fields", http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0311202v1.pdf, and I have a question regarding the nature of the function ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

What is the exact meaning of the real period in the $p$-adic formulation of BSD?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ which has split multiplicative reduction at $p$ (a prime). If one chooses a global Neron model of $E$ over $\mathbf{Z}$ (unique up to unique isomorphism ...
27
votes
6answers
919 views

Patterns among integer-distance points

Mark each point of $\mathbb{N}^2$ ($\mathbb{N}$ the natural numbers) if its Euclidean distance from the origin is an integer. One obtains a plot like this, symmetric about the $45^\circ$ diagonal. ...
3
votes
1answer
329 views

Prime ideals in the ring of algebraic integers

Let $m(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \dots + a_1 x+ a_0$, $a_i \in \mathbb{Z}$, be an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $K = \mathbb{Q}(x) / {m(x)\mathbb{Q}(x)}$. K is an algebraic number ...
6
votes
2answers
451 views

Is the infimum of Salem numbers > 1?

BACKGROUND A Salem number is an algebraic integer $\theta$ such that all the Galois conjugates of $\theta$ are $\leq 1$ in absolute value, and at least one of them lies on the unit circle. Their ...
0
votes
1answer
341 views

How to do such a partitioning?

Assume: $$ P \subseteq \{1,2,\dots,N\},\quad |P| = K, \qquad x \in \mathbb{R}_+^K , \qquad w = e^{-j\frac{2\pi}N} $$ and, $$ f(l) = \sum_{i=1}^K \sum_{j=1}^K x_i x_j w^{(p_i-p_j)l} $$ I am going to ...
6
votes
2answers
309 views

Class numbers of orders

Consider an order $R$ in a number field $L$. Let $C_R$ be the set of $R$-fractional ideals modulo $L^\times$. Let $O$ be the maximal order in $L$, and $C_O$ be the class group of $O$. My question: ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Reference request for a basic result on relative differents & discriminants

I am looking for a better reference for the results in this extremely short and elementary paper: Tôyama, Hiraku, `A note on the different of the composed field', Kōdai Math. Sem. Rep. 7 (1955), ...
8
votes
2answers
348 views

Class number of real maximal subfield of cyclotomic fields

Let $p$ be a prime number and $h_p^+$ the class number of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p + \zeta_p^{-1})$. What is known about the values of $p$ for which $h_p^+ = 1$? Are there infinitely many? Finitely many? ...
8
votes
1answer
370 views

Fundamental units of imaginary quartic fields

Let $F/{\mathbb Q}$ be an imaginary quartic extension (i.e. the degree $[K:{\mathbb Q}]=4$ and no embedding of $K$ in ${\mathbb C}$ has its image inside the real numbers). Then the unit group of the ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

$\ell$-conductor of a two-dimensional $\ell$-adic Galois representation

Let $\ell$ be a prime number, denote by $K_\ell$ the maximal algebraic extension of $\Bbb{Q}$ ramified only at $\ell$. Let $f = \sum a_n q^n$ be a Hecke eigenform of level $1$ with integer ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Divisor bounds of ideals in number fields

Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and let $I$ be an ideal in $O_K$ (the ring of integers). Denote by $d(I)$ the number of ideals that divide $I$. So if $I= \prod_{i=1}^k p_i^{e_i}$ is the ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

How to estimate a local hilbert samuel funcion

Let $X$ be a reduced hypersurface in the projective variety $\mathbb{P}^n(K)$, where $K$ is a number field. Select $\xi$ is a $F_{\mathfrak{p}}$-rational point of $X$ where $\mathfrak{p}$ is a prime ...
5
votes
1answer
419 views

Analogy between Jacobian of curve and Ideal class group

It is excerpt from "Algebraic Geometry Codes Basic ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

On Cubic Non-Residues Modulo a Prime [closed]

What is a good test for identifying cubic non-residues/residues and higher power non-residues/residues modulo a prime $R$ in terms of computational complexity? Given $M$ and $N$, is there a good way ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

What is the real subring of a ring of cyclotomic integers?

I am looking at tilings whose vertices lie in a ring of cyclotomic integers. These tilings are of interest as they can have interesting scaling properties or be substitution tilings. Interesting ...
10
votes
1answer
876 views

Are overlaps among {algebraic geometry, arithmetic geometry, algebraic number theory} growing?

From a naive outsider's viewpoint, just watching the MO postings in those three fields scroll by, and hearing of breakthroughs in the news, it appears there might be increasing overlap among the ...
15
votes
1answer
447 views

Is there a known example of a curve X of genus > 1 over Q such that we know the number of points of X over the n-th cyclotomic field, for every n?

By Falting's theorem, these numbers are of course finite. Is there an example where we can explicitly compute them for every $n$? Thank you!
0
votes
1answer
212 views

For any n and some prime p there is an elemnet in Zp* of order n [closed]

How can I prove, that for any positive integer $n>0$ there is a prime $p$, such that the multiplicative group of the residue ring $Z_p^*$ contains an element $a$ of order $n$? No ideas at all...
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Lower Degree Elements in an Algebraic Number Field

Fix an algebraic integer $\alpha$ of degree $n$ such that the extension $K=\mathbf{Q}(\alpha)/\mathbf{Q}$ has intermediate fields. (We can assume $K$ is Galois with non-simple Galois group.) This ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

classification of rank $2$ $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra with invertible discriminant

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n$ be an integer. Let $A$ be an $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra of rank $2$ whose discriminant is non invertible. In Serre's book lecture on the mordell Weil theorem ...
7
votes
2answers
507 views

Quintic polynomial solution by Jacobi Theta function.

Does someone have a good and rigorous reference for the solution of quintic ploynomial equation with Jacobi Theta function, in English? Mathworld and Wikipedia don't give a good English reference, at ...
7
votes
0answers
68 views

Is the equidissection spectrum closed under addition?

If a polygon can be cut into $m$ as well as into $n$ triangular pieces of equal area, can it also be cut into $m+n$ triangles of equal area? (I'm editing after realizing that my conjecture that a ...
8
votes
1answer
311 views

Extensions of Galois representations

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbb Q}/{\mathbb Q})$ be the absolute Galois group of the rationals. Fix two continuous group homomorphisms $\alpha,\beta: G\to {\mathbb Q}_l^\times$, where $l$ is a prime and ...
45
votes
5answers
2k views

If a unitsquare is partitioned into 101 triangles, is the area of one at least 1%?

Update: The answer to the title question is not necessarily, as pointed out by Tapio and Willie. I would be more interested in lower bounds. Monsky's famous and amazingly tricky proof says that if we ...
6
votes
1answer
630 views

Questions about the proof of Stickelberger's theorem on discriminants

I was going through the proof of Stickelberger's theorem about discriminants in the book 'Algebraic Number Theory' by Richard A. Mollin, and I am having some problems in understanding the proof. I ...
2
votes
0answers
414 views

Simplifying an algebraic integer expression

I have an expression where the variables are algebraic integers: $p4 = \frac{p12 - p41 \cdot p21}{p22}$ p12 is degree 48 and p22 is most likely degree 48 too. p41 is degree 32 and p21 is degree 24. I ...
20
votes
0answers
913 views

Orders in number fields

Let $K$ be a degree $n$ extension of ${\mathbb Q}$ with ring of integers $R$. An order in $K$ is a subring with identity of $R$ which is a ${\mathbb Z}$-module of rank $n$. Question: Let $p$ be an ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Decompositions of representations of pro-p groups

Let $P$ be a pro-p group. Assume that there is a filtration of $P$ by normal subgroups $P_i$ such that $P_0=P$ and $P_{i+1} < P_i(i\in\mathbb N)$. Let $V$ be an $l$-adic representation of $P$, ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

ramification of discrete valuation field

Let $K$ be a discrete valuation field with valuation $v:K\rightarrow \mathbb Z\cup \{\infty\}$ which is normalized by $v(\pi)=1$ for a prime element $\pi$. Let $v:\overline K\rightarrow \mathbb ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

points in $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L)$ rational over tensor product of fields

Let V be a variety over a number field, and let K and L be two algebraically closed What is known about the points of $V(\bar K \otimes_{\bar Q} \bar L )$ ? Are there results claiming that points in ...