Algebraic number fields, Algebraic integers, Arithmetic Geometry, Elliptic Curves, Function fields, Local fields, Arithmetic groups, Automorphic forms, zeta functions, $L$-functions, Quadratic forms, Quaternion algebras, Homogenous forms, Class groups, Units, Galois theory, Group cohomology, Étale ...

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5
votes
1answer
169 views

Compact hyperbolic 3-manifolds with prescribed quaternion algebra, quaternion parameters as ramification condition

What is an interesting class of examples of hyperbolic 3-manifolds, each of which satisfies the following conditions? 1. It is compact 2. Its trace field contains a unique imaginary quadratic ...
4
votes
2answers
379 views

Dirichlet's approximation only using prime power as denominator

I am not sure whether this is a suitable question for MO. We know the classical version of Dirichlet's approximation theorem that if $x$ is a real number and $Q>0$ there exist $p,q\in \mathbb{Z}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

number of generators of maximal ideals in an order of a number field

let $K$ be a number field of degree $d$ over $\mathbb{Q}$), Let $\mathcal{O}\subset K $ be an order (i.e. a $\mathbb{Z}$-lattice of $K$ contained in the integer ring $\mathcal{O}_K$ of $K$). If $ \...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Class field theory for $p$-groups.

I accidentally posted this question to math.stackexchange but think that it is more appropriate here (if not, please say so!): This question is from Neukirch's book "Algebraic number theory," page ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

degree of Hecke field (number field of an eigenform)

Let $f\in S_k(\Gamma_1(N))$ be an eigenform, and $K_f$ be its number field, which is of finite degree over $\mathbb{Q}$. Consider the following statements. 1, $[K_f:\mathbb{Q}]=\#\{$Galois conjugates ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

$N_p := \text{card}\{(x, y, z, t) \in (\textbf{F}_p)^4 : ax^4 + by^4 + z^2 + t^2 = 0\}?$

Assume that $ab \neq 0$. What is $$N_p := \text{card}\{(x, y, z, t) \in (\textbf{F}_p)^4 : ax^4 + by^4 + z^2 + t^2 = 0\}?$$I need this result, but unfortunately I am not a number theorist. Could ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

On a theorem of Dwork and totally ramified extensions

Suppose that $K \subset L$ is a totally abelian ramified extension of local fields. Let $\pi_L$ be a prime element of $L^*.$ $F \in Gal(\tilde{L}/L)$ is the Frobenius, where $\tilde{L}$ is the maximal ...
20
votes
2answers
945 views

Motivating Lubin-Tate theory

The Lubin-Tate theory gives an amazingly clean and streamlined way of constructing the subfield (usually denoted) $F_\pi\subset F^\mathrm{ab}$ for a local field $F$ fixed by the Artin map associated ...
16
votes
1answer
666 views

Are the algebraic numbers dense everywhere on the boundary of the Mandelbrot set?

Let $\mathcal{B}$ denote the boundary of the Mandelbrot set, and let $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ denote the algebraic closure of the rationals. Further put $\mathcal{B}_{\overline{\mathbb{Q}}} := \mathcal{...
6
votes
2answers
409 views

Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class? I know how ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Ramification of prime ideal in Kummer extension

Let $\mu \in \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n)$ lie above the rational prime $p$, and let the prime ideal $\mathscr{P}\subset \mathbb{Z}[\zeta_n]$ have ramification index $a$ over $\mu$. Why is it then true that $...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Bibliography suggestion for Kummer theory

I already posted a question about a sum involving the degree of a Kummer extension. Now I'm interested in a more specific fact about Kummer extensions. From Hooley's paper "On Artin's conjecture", we ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Doubt concerning a sum involving Kummer extension degrees

I'd like to estimate the following sum $$ \sum_{n\leq x}\frac1{k_n}\;,\qquad x\rightarrow \infty\;, $$ where $k_n=[\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_n,a^{1/n}):\mathbb{Q}]$ is the degree of a Kummer extension for a ...
32
votes
3answers
979 views

Simple argument regarding sums of two units in a number field?

I wonder if it is possible to show, without using the Schmidt subspace/Roth theorem/Baker's bounds on linear forms in logarithms or other very deep results, that, in a number field, not all integral ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Maximal abelian extension and tamely ramify extension

Let $K$ be a number field and $v$ a finite place of $K$ lying above a prime number $p$. Assume further that $v$ is unramified over $p$. If $K^{ab}$ is the maximal abelian extension let $w$ be a ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Completion of a finite field extension is also finite?

Let $(L,w)/(K,v)$ be a finite extension of valuation fields, and let $L_w$, $K_v$ be the respective completions of $(L,w)$, $(K,v)$. Is the field extension $L_w/K_v$ finite? For nonarchimedean ...
8
votes
0answers
183 views

Geometric meaning of conductor

Supppose $L/K$ is a finite extension, choose $\theta \in O_L$ such that $L=K(\theta)$. We define the conductor of ring $O_K[\theta]$ to be an ideal of $O_L$, namely: $F=\{\alpha\in O_L|\alpha\cdot O_L\...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

calculation in a group ring

I have some problems with the verification of the third equation in Lemma 1 in this paper. First of all, one has to notice that there is at least one Error in the Definition of $a_{\kappa,\nu}$ above....
9
votes
1answer
592 views

Elementary proof of a special case of Chebotarev's density theorem

A special case of Cheboratev's density theorem states that, for $K/\mathbb{Q}$ a Galois number field of degree $n$, then the rational primes that split completely in $K$ have density $1/n$. Is there ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

On existence of rapid Arithmetic geometric procedure?

We know that $\pi$ can be computed by Arithmetic Geometric mean using Gauss-Legendre procedure which does provide fastest convergence rate as well with a guarantee of $2^n$ bits of $\pi$ at $n$th ...
15
votes
1answer
826 views

A set of generators for $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$

Two questions: Does there exist a sequence $\alpha_1,\alpha_2,...$ of algebraic numbers with degrees $d_1,d_2,...$ s.t. for each $i$, $d_i|d_{i+1}$ and $\alpha_i= p_i(\alpha_{i+1})$ with $p_i$ a ...
10
votes
0answers
203 views

What is the relationship between the conductor of an order and the conductor of a number field extension?

What is the relationship between the conductor $\mathfrak{f}_{\mathcal{o}}$ of an order $\mathcal{o}\subset \mathcal{O}_K$ and the conductor $\mathfrak{f}_{L/K}$ of a field extension in the classical ...
7
votes
2answers
520 views

On bounds for idoneal integer

What is the best known lower bound and upper bound known for such a number if it exists and have there been any attempts (computational including) to eliminate the existence of such a number in known ...
9
votes
0answers
174 views

The operator $\left(q\frac{d}{dq}\right)^s$ and fractional derivatives of modular forms

Recall the notion of a "nearly holomorphic modular form" introduced by Shimura: A function $f : \mathfrak h \to \mathbb C$ is said to be nearly holomorphic of level $\Gamma_1(N)$, weight $k$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

Counting number of $2\times 2$ unimodular matrices of particular type

From set of numbers from $\Bbb S=\{0,1,\dots,m\}$, how many distinct $3\times 3$ unimodular matrices parametrized by $(a,b,c,d,e,f)\in\Bbb S^6$ of following type can one form? \begin{bmatrix} a^2 &...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Statements generalizing representability of integers by binary quadratic forms to $n$-variable higher homogeneous forms?

Representing integers through the theory of binary quadratic forms is a well studied topic. We know that given $a,b,c\in\Bbb N$, based on discrimant $b^2-4ac$, we can study the representability of ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Writing integers in ring of integers of number fields

Given $a,b\in\Bbb N$, we can write $a=a_tb^t+a_{t-1}b^{t-1}+\dots+a_1b+a_0$ where $t=\lceil\log_ba\rceil$ and $a_i<b<a$. (1) Supposing if $b\in\mathcal{O}_K$ where $\mathcal{O}_K$ is ring of ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

For $K/E$ a number fields extension and $F/E$ a finite Galois extension, how is the ramification in $F\cdot K/K$ related to the one in $F/E$?

Studying class field theory, I have come across the following Proposition: Proposition. Let $K/E$ be an extension of number fields so that there is no nontrivial unramified subextension $F/E$ with $...
8
votes
2answers
557 views

Does the Galois group of a Pisot polynomial contain the alternating group?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, and let $p(X) \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Suppose that exactly one complex root of $p$ is of modulus $> 1$, and that the remaining $n-1$ roots of ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

Decomposition and valuation rings

I am reading Algebraic Number Theory by A. Fröhlich, M. J. Taylor, it first introduced the theorem: $(K,u)$ be a field and its absolute value, $(K_u,\bar u)$ be its completion and absolute value ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

Can a product of conjugates be a Pisot number again?

Let $p(X) \in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be an irreducible polynomial, and let $\alpha_1 \dots, \alpha_n$ be its roots in $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $\alpha_1$ is a Pisot number, that is, $\alpha_1 \in \mathbb{R},...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

On Pell's equation

A post was made (Reduction from factoring to solving Pell equation) seeking clarification to solving $$x^2-Dy^2=1$$ to factoring when $D>0$. An answer was posted stating that to factor $N$, it ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Unique extension of the absolute value

Let $(K,u)$ be a complete valued field, $u$ be its discrete absolute value (corresponds to a discrete valuation on $K$), then: ($\ast)$ Let $E/K$ is a finite separable field extension, then the ...
5
votes
2answers
383 views

Finding the inertia group

Set $h(x) = x^5+x^4+x^3+x^2+x-1$, let $L$ be the splitting field of $h$ over $\mathbb{Q}$, and let $p$ be a prime of $L$ lying over $2$. What is the isomorphism class of the inertia group $I_p$, ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Expressing every algebraic number using roots of trinomials?

This question is a continuation of Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial? We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m ...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?

We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m + C$ for some $n \geq m \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for each ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

In how many ways can one extend the zero section of the affine line with a double origin

Let $X$ be the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Z$. Let $X_\eta$ be its generic fibre, the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Q$. Let $0$ be one of the origins of $...
8
votes
3answers
673 views

Ranks of elliptic curves depend only on the field?

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be an algebraic extension, and let $E_1,E_2/\mathbb{Q}$ be elliptic curves. Is it possible that the Mordell-Weil rank of $E_1(K)$ is finite while that of $E_2(K)$ is infinite?
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Number of representations as sums of squares in rings of integers of number fields

Let $K$ be some number field, $\mathcal O_K$ denote its ring of integers, and let $n$ be a positive integer. Take $\alpha \in \mathcal O_K$, and consider the quantity $r_{n,K}(\alpha)$, which denotes ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

An elliptic curve trivial over any extension unramified outside 7 and infinity?

Is there an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $E(K)$ is trivial for every finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ with discriminant a power of $7$ ?
9
votes
0answers
97 views

Meromorphic functions on $U^2 = T^3 + 1$, cokernel of $O_S \to F_\infty/O_\infty$ [closed]

See here. Crossposted from math.stackexchange since there's no good answer despite $>$ 20 upvotes. Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(...
9
votes
1answer
595 views

Remark 4.23.4 in Hartshorne

Crosspost from math.stackexchange, since it's quite possible I might not get a response there. Remark 4.23.4 in Chapter IV of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry references a paper by Elkies that ...
7
votes
2answers
340 views

Field of definition of dominant morphisms

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $k_0$ a sub-field. Let $X,Y$ be two projective varieties defined over $k_0$. Suppose that that there exists a dominant morphism $f$ between $X_k=X\otimes k$...
9
votes
2answers
488 views

Intuition behind Kronecker's congruence?

The modular polynomial is defined by$$\Phi_n(X, \tau) = \prod_{\tau} (X - j(\tau)),$$where $j$ is the elliptic modular function and $\tau$ is running through classes of imaginary quadratic integers of ...
15
votes
1answer
343 views

Why there are only finitely many $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$-isomorphism classes of elliptic curves with CM by $\mathcal{O}$?

For someone who does not have a very extensive knowledge of number theory, what is a good intuitive explanation as to why there are only finitely many $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ isomorphism classes of ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Freeness of the group of principal ideals of a number field

This is just a question wondering whether a concrete (enough) result that can be proved using the axiom of choice can be proved without it. The result being that the group of principal ideals $P_K$ of ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Computation of Hilbert symbol of order 4

We have explicit expressions for the quadratic Hilbert symbol over $\mathbb Q$, for example $\left(\dfrac{x,y}2\right)_2=(-1)^{\frac{x-1}2\frac{y-1}2} (x,y\ne2)$. Are similar expressions known for the ...
14
votes
0answers
297 views

Result of Deuring, intuitive way to see it's true/quickest way to prove?

There is the following result of Deuring that goes as follows: Let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $L$ with complex multiplication by an order $\mathcal{O}$ in an imaginary ...
5
votes
0answers
206 views

Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...
7
votes
1answer
352 views

Can one define “Ramanujan Summation” over algebraic number fields?

With some trepidation, I ask to "evaluate" badly divergent sums. Generalizing $\sum n = -\tfrac{1}{12}$ what would be the value of this sum over $\mathbb{Z}[i]$? $$\sum_{m,n \geq 0} (m+in) \hspace{0....