4
votes
1answer
199 views

How frequently is 3 a cubic residue mod primes in an arithmetic progression?

Suppose $(a,3q)=1$ and $a\equiv 1\pmod 3$. Are there infinitely many primes $p\equiv a\pmod {3q}$ such that $3$ is a cubic nonresidue modulo $p$? Or, an equivalent formulation using quadratic forms: ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

Finding a suitable number

Let $n,m$ be two positive integers. By $r_n$ we denote the largest prime not exceeding $n$. If $r_n\leq m\leq n$ and $q$ is the largest prime factor of $n!/m!$ such that $q\geq 17$ and $q\geq n-m+3$, ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

Orders of the conjugates of an algebraic prime number in its residue field

Of interest to me is the following question (it would be nice to find out what is known in its direction): Given a Galois number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ and a completely and principally split prime ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Principally split primes with factors in arbitrarily small angular sectors

I wonder if the following is known: let $n$ be a (square-free) positive integer. Is there ever/always a sequence of prime numbers $p$ that can be written in the form $$p = x^2 + ny^2,$$ where $x, y$ ...
10
votes
1answer
485 views

Chebotarev density theorem for $k$-almost primes

Consider a finite Galois extension $L$ of $\mathbb Q$, of Galois group $G$. Let $k \geq 1$ be a fixed integer. Let $D$ be a subset of $G^k$ invariant by conjugation and by the natural action of the ...
-4
votes
1answer
139 views

$p=4x^2+27y^2$,with $p$ a prime [closed]

p is a prime ,on what condition the Diophantine equation is solvable.what is it Linear expression ,for example ,$x^2+3y^2=p$, $p=3k+1$ ,$x^2+5y^2=p$ , $p=1,9\pmod{20}$.
8
votes
2answers
369 views

Class number of real maximal subfield of cyclotomic fields

Let $p$ be a prime number and $h_p^+$ the class number of $\mathbb{Q}(\zeta_p + \zeta_p^{-1})$. What is known about the values of $p$ for which $h_p^+ = 1$? Are there infinitely many? Finitely many? ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

For any n and some prime p there is an elemnet in Zp* of order n [closed]

How can I prove, that for any positive integer $n>0$ there is a prime $p$, such that the multiplicative group of the residue ring $Z_p^*$ contains an element $a$ of order $n$? No ideas at all...
1
vote
2answers
859 views

Non-trivial facts about primes coming out of Algebraic Number Theory [closed]

What can be gleaned about primes from Algebraic Number Theory? I know this is too vague. What I mean is the following: Are there several examples where Algebraic Number Theory helps to solve ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

Need there be infinitely many Gaussian primes along lines that contain at least one?

Greetings from EuroCG 2012, from which I post via iPod, so apologies for lack of problem motivation, background research and mathematical formatting. Question:Suppose L is a horizontal or vertical ...
4
votes
3answers
477 views

Splitting of primes in cubic fields with limited ramifications.

Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a cubic field, i.e, $\mathbb{F} = \mathbb{Q}(\alpha)$ where $\alpha$ is a root of a cubic irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{Q}$, satisfying $disc(\mathbb{F}/\mathbb{Q})$ is a ...
12
votes
2answers
870 views

For what subsets S of (Z/nZ)* is there a Euclidean proof that there are infinitely many primes whose residues lie in S?

For small values of $n$ and $(a, n) = 1$ it is sometimes possible to give an elementary proof that there are infinitely many primes congruent to $a \bmod n$ along the lines of Euclid's classic proof ...
30
votes
1answer
3k views

Integers not represented by $ 2 x^2 + x y + 3 y^2 + z^3 - z $

EDIT, 9 March 2014: when I asked this in 2010, I did not have the courage of my convictions, and so did not ask for an if and only if proof, as Kevin Buzzard quite properly pointed out. Such problems ...