0
votes
0answers
91 views

Hilbert Class fields and Pure cubic fields

I want to know about Hilbert class field theory for pure cubic fields. Which is the best source for this? Right now I am reading book by D.A. Cox "Primes of the form $x^2+ny^2$" Fermat,Class field ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Why is the supersingular locus the zero locus of a modular form?

This question is related to my other question here: Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms. Here I am wondering if there is a philosophical explanation about why the supersingular locus ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Can a sum of roots of unity be an integer?

Let $n \geq 2$, $H \lneq (\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})^*$, $\zeta_k$ a primitive $k$-th root of unity. Is it possible that $$\sum_{h \in H} \zeta_k^{h} \in \mathbb{Z}$$ for every $k$ dividing $n$ such that ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Image of the typenorm contains the squares

I am having a look at the paper Explicit CM-theory for level 2-structures on abelian surfaces by Bröker, Gruenewald and Lauter, and there is an argument which I don't understand. The main reason being ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Without Skolem–Mahler–Lech Theorem? [closed]

Using Skolem–Mahler–Lech theorem one can easily prove the $\displaystyle \lim_{n\to +\infty}\left|\Re\left(\frac{1+i\sqrt{7}}{2} \right)^n\right| =+\infty$. Is there a "simple way" to prove this ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an algebraic number that cannot be expressed using only elementary functions?

(this is basically a repost of a question I asked at M.SE last year) Is there an explicit real algebraic number (such that we can write its minimal polynomial and a rational isolating interval) that ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

The minimum genus of a family of degree $12$ algebraic curves which comes from the resultant of two quartic polynomials

Let $f(t)$ be a rational normal cubic curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (it is not contained in any plane) and also we assume that this cubic curve passes through two points $(0,0,0)$ and $(1,0,0)$. By an easy ...
9
votes
2answers
431 views

Can there be a power basis for a totally real field of high degree?

A number field $K$ is said to have a power basis if there is an $\alpha \in K$ such that the full ring of integers $O_K$ is the $\mathbb{Z}$-linear span of ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Characterize the set of roots of cubics with certain properties

Let $P(x)\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be an irreducible polynomial of degree $3$. Suppose that $\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \alpha_3$ are roots of $P(x)$. For what such $P(x)$ is it the case that the ring of integers ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Is there an excplicit number field of definition for an Abelian Variety $A/\mathbb{C}$ with CM?

Consider a simple abelian variety $A/\mathbb{C}$ with sufficiently many CMs by $\mathcal{O}$, where $\mathcal{O}$ is an order in a CM field $K$. Specifically, $K$ is a CM field of degree $2g$, where ...
9
votes
2answers
307 views

Ideal classes fixed by the Galois group

Let $K$ be a number field and let $G$ be the group of automorphisms of $K$ over $\mathbf Q$. The group $G$ acts in a natural way on the ideal class group of $K$. I would like to know if there are any ...
12
votes
2answers
398 views

Asymptotics for algebraic numbers of height less than one

The question. Is an asymptotic equivalent known or conjectured for the number $N(d)$ of $\alpha \in \bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ with $h(\alpha) < 1$ and $[\mathbb{Q}(\alpha):\mathbb{Q}] \leq d$? The rather ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

A question on linear forms

Let $K/\mathbb{Q}$ be a fixed number field of degree $n$, and let $\sigma_1, \cdots, \sigma_n$ denote the distinct embeddings of $K$ into $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $\alpha_1, \cdots, \alpha_{r}$ are ...
6
votes
0answers
211 views

Factors of the polynomial $X^n-a$

I am interested in the polynomial $X^n-a$ in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$, for some $a\in \mathbb{Q}^*$, and would like to know the irreducible factors of it. Is there something in the literature which gives a ...
6
votes
3answers
491 views

Constructing quintic number fields with certain splitting behaviour

I am looking for number fields $K$ which satisfy the following properties: $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=5$. The Galois closure of $K$ has Galois group $S_5$. For each prime $p$ which ramifies in $K$, there ...
0
votes
0answers
422 views

A letter from J. P. Serre

Which is the letter where J. P. Serre present "Analogues Kählériens de certaines conjectures de Weil" to Weil?
4
votes
2answers
282 views

Time-line until the publicaton of Weil of “Numbers of solutions of equations in finite fields”

In "On the history of the Weil Conjectures" Dieudonné says: "Appropriately enough, the story, as with so many problems in number theory, begins with Gauss...". C. F. Gauss, Disquisitiones ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

How frequently is 3 a cubic residue mod primes in an arithmetic progression?

Suppose $(a,3q)=1$ and $a\equiv 1\pmod 3$. Are there infinitely many primes $p\equiv a\pmod {3q}$ such that $3$ is a cubic nonresidue modulo $p$? Or, an equivalent formulation using quadratic forms: ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

On the conductor of the Groessencharacter of a CM elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. Let $L$ be a number field which contains $K$ and let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over $L$ with complex multiplication by $K$, i.e. such that ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Connection of Galois representation and arithmetic geometry

This is might be a dumb question. There are lots of Galois representations which arise naturally from geometric objects, for example, Galois representations attached to elliptic curves. I know that ...
3
votes
0answers
241 views

Independent units in pure number fields $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[p]{t})$

Theorem: In this paper of Frei and Levesque, they correct the proof of a result of Halter-Koch and Stender: Define the real pure algebraic number field $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{Q}(\omega_n)$ for ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

Chinese Remainder Theorem backwards

I have the following situation, that is much alike the Chinese Remainder Theorem. Let $\phi_d(\alpha)$ be the $d^{th}$ cyclotomic polynomial in the variable $\alpha$ (I'm not specifying the ...
4
votes
3answers
407 views

Class number for binary quadratic forms discriminant $\Delta$ to class number $\mathbb Q(\sqrt \Delta)$

Jyrki Lahtonen has suggested I write a blog post relating binary quadratic forms to quadratic field class numbers, ...
2
votes
1answer
310 views

Finding a suitable number

Let $n,m$ be two positive integers. By $r_n$ we denote the largest prime not exceeding $n$. If $r_n\leq m\leq n$ and $q$ is the largest prime factor of $n!/m!$ such that $q\geq 17$ and $q\geq n-m+3$, ...
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Unique factorization in a quadratic extension of $Z_p$ [closed]

Let $\mathbf{Z}_{(p)}$ denote the ring of all rational numbers whose denominators in lowest terms are not divisible by the integer prime $p$. (This is normally described as the localization at $p$.) ...
25
votes
0answers
389 views

Degree 17 number fields ramified only at 2

The number $17$ is the smallest odd number that occurs as the degree of a number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ for which the only finite prime that ramifies is $2$. The non-existence for $n < 17$ follows ...
13
votes
2answers
497 views

Are there any simple, interesting consequences to motivate the local Langlands correspondence?

Let's pretend that we know local Langlands at a fairly high level of generality... i.e. we know something along the lines of: Let $G=\mathbf{G}(F)$ be the group of $F$-points of a connected ...
1
vote
0answers
208 views

Where can I find the article of A. Borel: “Values of zeta-functions at integers, cohomology and polylogarithms”? [closed]

Where on the internet can I find this article? I know that it is in this book: Current trends in mathematics and physics, Narosa, New Delhi, 1995.
5
votes
1answer
278 views

Neukirch's papers and theorem

Have any of Neukirch's papers on anabelian geometry been translated? I'm mostly interested in: Kennzeichnung der p-adischen und der endlichen algebraischen Zahlkörper (1969) Kennzeichnung der ...
19
votes
1answer
334 views

Proportion of irreducible polynomials $P$ such that $\mathbf Z[X]/(P)$ is the ring of integers of $\mathbf Q[X]/(P)$

I know that number fields have been the object of many statistical experiments. Is there some kind of heuristics for the following? Fix a degree $d$ and fix a bound $N$ on the coefficients of a monic ...
2
votes
2answers
402 views

GL(2) Local Langlands and Artin's L-function

The context I am thinking of mainly is GL(2), and accordingly, the degree 2 Artin L-function. But comments about GL(n) in general are also welcome. In light the local Langlands correspondence, what ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Orders of the conjugates of an algebraic prime number in its residue field

Of interest to me is the following question (it would be nice to find out what is known in its direction): Given a Galois number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ and a completely and principally split prime ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Quotients of number rings IZ[zeta_l]

Let $l=p^r$ a prime power and $\zeta$ a primitive l-th root of unity. It is classical result, that $(1-\zeta)^{\varphi(l)}=p\cdot\epsilon\in\mathbb{Z}[\zeta]$ for a unit $\epsilon$. It should be a ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Extensions on Higher-dimensional local fields

I have the following question: Let $M/L$ b a finite extension of n-dimensional local fields and $t_1,\dots, t_n$ a system of local parameters of $L$ with valuation $v$. Let us fix an $1\leq i \leq ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Valuations in Higher-dimensional local fields

I have the following question which I believ should be true but I would like to have a different opinion about it: Let $M/L$ is a finite Galois extension of $n$-dimensional local fields and ...
7
votes
1answer
369 views

Hilbert Class Field Galois over Q?

So if we have a Galois extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$, then the Hilbert Class Field $H$ of $K$ is certainly Galois over $\mathbb{Q}$. But is the converse true? I know many examples of nongalois ...
3
votes
3answers
347 views

Distinct primitive factorizations over integers of number fields

I am curious about the following. Let $K$ be a number field. For any $a \in \mathcal{O}_K$ in its ring of integers, let $N(a)$ be zero if there exist elements $b, c \in \mathcal{O}_K \setminus ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Domains with prime ideal theorems

Let $D$ be a domain, and for prime ideals $\frak P$ of $D$ the norm is $N({\frak P}):=|D/{\frak P}|$. The prime ideal counting function of $D$ is given by $\pi_D(x)=\#\{{\frak P}\in{\rm ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

A question on the genus field of an algebraic number field

The following is quoted from the Mathematical Reviews. MR0544896 (80j:12002) Reviewed Bhaskaran, M. Construction of genus field and some applications. J. Number Theory 11 (1979), no. 4, 488–497. ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Linear polynomials in units of number fields

I would be thankful for a reference to any result that says "how often" an equation of the form $$c_1x_1 + c_2x_2 + ... + c_nx_n = 0,$$ where $n$ is fixed, $c_1, ..., c_n \in \mathcal{O}_K$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Small generators of the ideal class group

If $K$ is a number field, a result from Bach tells us that the primes in $K$ of norm smaller that $12 (\log |\mathrm{Discriminant}(K)|)^2$ generate the ideal class group $\mathrm{Cl}_K$. Is there any ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

Continuity of the Hilbert pairing

I would like to know if the Kummer pairing (or the analogue of the Hilbert Symbol) for a one dimensional group defined over the ring of integers of a higher-dimensional local field is continuous (with ...
6
votes
1answer
242 views

Degree of Kummer extensions of number fields

Let $K$ be a number field and $a\in K^*$ of infinite order in $K^*$. How do I show that $$[K(\sqrt[n]{a},\zeta_n):K]\geq C\cdot n\cdot\varphi(n)$$ holds for all positive integers $n$, with a positive ...
4
votes
2answers
284 views

When does a dyadic prime ramify in a relative quadratic extension?

In a quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$of $\mathbb{Q}$ it is clear that 2 ramifies if and only if $d\equiv 2,3\mod 4$ (easy to see if you compute the discriminant). But if I take a relative ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Principally split primes with factors in arbitrarily small angular sectors

I wonder if the following is known: let $n$ be a (square-free) positive integer. Is there ever/always a sequence of prime numbers $p$ that can be written in the form $$p = x^2 + ny^2,$$ where $x, y$ ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

$\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$. The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...
2
votes
2answers
299 views

Connection between quadratic forms and ideal class group

I'm studying the classic results on binary (integer) quadratic forms and I'm looking for a reference on the following result (maybe a book that contains a proof): Let $O_k$ be the ring of algebraic ...
10
votes
1answer
472 views

Chebotarev density theorem for $k$-almost primes

Consider a finite Galois extension $L$ of $\mathbb Q$, of Galois group $G$. Let $k \geq 1$ be a fixed integer. Let $D$ be a subset of $G^k$ invariant by conjugation and by the natural action of the ...
7
votes
2answers
870 views

Linear independence of the square roots over Q

Does there exist a real number $a$ such that the numbers $\sqrt{n^2 + a^2}$ (for all natural $n$) are linearly independent over the field of rational numbers? It is evident that $a$ cannot be ...