6
votes
2answers
333 views

How did height in algeb. number theory/elliptic curves started?

Maybe this is obvious but it isn't to me yet. What is the history of heights used in say points of the project plane over a number field or of elliptic curve over a number field? I would guess people ...
1
vote
2answers
143 views

On the conductor of the Groessencharacter of a CM elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. Let $L$ be a number field which contains $K$ and let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over $L$ with complex multiplication by $K$, i.e. such that ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

Mordell-Weil and finiteness of rational points

Let $E$ be a CM elliptic curve defined over a quadratic imaginary field $K$ with maximal order, that is, $\mathrm{End}_K(E)\cong \mathcal{O}_K$. Suppose the class number of $K$ is equal to $1$. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

The existence of elliptic curves with prescribed supersingular primes

For a given infinite set of primes, not too big, eg, satisfying Lang-Trotter conjecture, can we always find an E.C. with supersingular reduction (at least) at these primes? How about E.C. without CM? ...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

The existence of infinitely many supersingular primes for every elliptic curve over Q

Elkies proved The existence of infinitely many supersingular primes for every elliptic curve over Q. I read his paper, but found the supersingular primes he constructed are all 3(mod 4) type. So, how ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

What is the exact meaning of the real period in the $p$-adic formulation of BSD?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ which has split multiplicative reduction at $p$ (a prime). If one chooses a global Neron model of $E$ over $\mathbf{Z}$ (unique up to unique isomorphism ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

P-adic Weierstrass Lemma for several variables

The p-adic Weiestrass lemma asserts that a power series $f(z)$ with coefficients in the ring of integers of a local field can be factored as $π^n·u(z)·p(z)$ where u(z) is a unit in the ring of power ...
5
votes
1answer
255 views

Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO, Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...
5
votes
1answer
476 views

Heegner Points and Binary Quadratic Forms

I've been trying to read Gross' paper on Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ and I am stuck on a few details. The definition he is working with is that a heegner points is a pair $y=(E,E')$, where $E$ and $E'$ ...
5
votes
1answer
543 views

Special value of $L$-function

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $f$ be a newform of weight 2 on $Γ_0(p)$, and $E_f$ denote the associated newform quotient of $J_0 (N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. Is there a way to express the algebraic part ...
2
votes
1answer
434 views

Conductor of an elliptic curve

Given any elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $N$, by modularity of elliptic curves, there exists a surjective morphism from $X_0(N)$ $\rightarrow$ $E$.There may be several such 'N' and ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Order of Ш (Sha)

To prove the BSD conjecture, one has to know about 'the finiteness of the Shafarevich Tate group'. But, an example of an elliptic curve of rank 2 (whose Sha group $Ш(E/\mathbb{Q})$ is finite) is not ...
2
votes
2answers
476 views

Special values of a doubly periodic meromorphic function

Consider the following function: $G(z) = \prod_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} {1 \over{\tanh^2\left(\pi\left(z-n\right)\right)}}$. By constuction, it has poles at $z=m+in$ with $m,n \in \mathbb{Z}^2$. ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Trace of Frobenius over $F_q$

Let $q_0$ be a prime and $q$ = $q_0^n$. Let $a(F_q/F_{q_0})$ denote any integer which is trace of Frobenius over the field $F_q$ for some elliptic curve which can be defined over $F_{q_0}$. It is ...
7
votes
0answers
301 views

Tameness criterion in the reducible case

Dear MO, This is a follow up to a previous question here in MO, but I will make this question self-contained for convenience. Those already familiar with the following paper [G] by Gross can safely ...
4
votes
1answer
939 views

Bound for the number of rational points on the modular curve

By Mazur's theorems (Reference:- Modular curves and the Eisenstein ideal, 1977), we know that the only rational points of X_0(N) for N any prime > 163 are the two cusps (o) and (oo) (|X_0(N)(Q)| = 2 ...
6
votes
1answer
451 views

Can elliptic integral singular values generate cubic polynomials with integer coefficients?

For the elliptic integral of first kind, $K(m)=\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{d\theta}{\sqrt{1-m^2sin^2\theta}} $, it is well-known that $K(m)$ can be expressed in what Chowla and Selberg call "finite terms" ...
4
votes
0answers
218 views

A natural mod-n representation of the automorphisms of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a field of characteristic $p$, and let $n$ be an integer coprime to $p$. Then $E[n]$, the kernel of multiplication by $n$ on $E$, is (etale-locally) isomorphic to ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Image of a Galois representation

Notation: $E$ is a non-CM Elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. $p$ is an ordinary prime. $f$ - cuspidal eigenform of weight $k$ = 2 attached with $E$. $\rho_f$ - the global 2-dimensional $p$-adic ...
3
votes
0answers
336 views

Cyclotomic fields and singular moduli

Let $\mu$ be the roots of unity and $S$ be the image under the modular $j$-function of all imaginary quadratic $\tau$. Then what is $\mathbb{Q}(\mu)\cap\mathbb{Q}(S)$?
2
votes
1answer
559 views

Q_p*/(Q_p*)^2 and descent for elliptic curves

Is there a simple description of the group Q_p*/(Q_p*)^2 where Q_p denotes the p-adic integers? I am doing descent calculations for elliptic curves, and so am most interested in the case p = 2. ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

If p is a prime congruent to 9 mod 16, can 4 divide the class number of Q(p^(1/4))?

When $p$ is a prime $\equiv9\bmod16$, the class number, $h$, of $\mathbb Q(p^{1/4})$ is known to be even. In [Charles J. Parry, A genus theory for quartic fields. Crelle's Journal 314 (1980), ...
2
votes
2answers
489 views

When is the period of elliptic curve over the rationals transcendental?

Given an elliptic curve $E/\mathbf{Q}$, when is its period transcendental/algebraic?
13
votes
1answer
479 views

components of E[p], E universal in char p.

I have just realised that a group scheme I've known and loved for years is probably a bit wackier than I'd realised. In this question, in Charles Rezk's answer, I erroneously claim that his ...
13
votes
4answers
993 views

The ring of algebraic integers of the number field generated by torsion points on an elliptic curve

(Warning: a student asking) Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbf Q$. Let $P(a,b)$ be a (nontrivial) torsion point on $E$. Is there an easy description of the ring of algebraic integers of ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Conceptual understanding of the Gross-Zagier theorem.

The Gross-Zagier paper "Heegner points and derivatives of $L$-series", is really computational and hard to plow through. It seems it is futile to read it as such and one must look for a more ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Regulators of Number fields and Elliptic Curves

There is supposed to be a strong analogy between the arithmetic of number fields and the arithmetic of elliptic curves. One facet of this analogy is given by the class number formula for the leading ...