Algebraic number fields, Algebraic integers, Arithmetic Geometry, Elliptic Curves, Function fields, Local fields, Arithmetic groups, Automorphic forms, zeta functions, $L$-functions, Quadratic forms, Quaternion algebras, Homogenous forms, Class groups, Units, Galois theory, Group cohomology, Étale ...

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3
votes
0answers
147 views

Fields generated by torsion points of CM elliptic curves

I'm using the same setup as Corollary 1.7 on p. 44 of de Shalit manuscript (Iwasawa theory of elliptic curves with complex multiplication). I think there is a mistake in his Corollary 1.7 and I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Two questions about arithmetically equivalent number fields

Two algebraic number fields are said to be arithmetically equivalent if they share the same Dedekind zeta function. If this is the case, they must have certain invariants in common among which is the ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

Is it clear that $y^3=f(x)$ has bad reduction at $3$?

Bad reduction is defined as 'nonexistence' of a model where the curve has good reduction. So let's take the curve $C$ which is affinely given by $$y^3 = f(x)$$ (absolutely irred, $f$ no multiple roots)...
7
votes
0answers
124 views

Efficient Dirichlet approximation (continued fractions?) over a number field

Is there an efficient algorithm for Dirichlet approximation for a given (high-degree) number field and its ring of integers, perhaps analogous to the Euclidean/continued fractions algorithm for the ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Is there an infinite family of primes $q_{1},q_{2},…$ so that the rank of $E(\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-q_{i}}))$ equals that of $E(\mathbb{Q})$?

It is known that the group of $K$-rational points of an elliptic curve $E$ is finitely generated if $K$ is a number field of finite degree over $\mathbb{Q}$. Much less is known if $K$ is infinite-...
4
votes
2answers
283 views

Mordell-Weil rank of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-1},\sqrt{2},\sqrt{3},\sqrt{5},…)$?

It is known that the group of $K$-rational points of an elliptic curve $E$ is finitely generated if $K$ is a number field of finite degree over $\mathbb{Q}$. The picture is less clear if $K$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

S. Chowla real quadratic fields

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$ be a real quadratic fields. S. Chowla conjectured that if $d=4m^2+1$ for $m \in \mathbb{Z}$ then there is exactly 6 real quadratic fields which has class number one. Hideo ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

How to construct an abelian variety with CM by a given CM field?

Let $F$ be a totally real number field, and let $K$ be a quadratic extension of $F$ which cannot be embedded into $\mathbb{R}$. Then $K$ is a so called CM field. For instance, take $F = \mathbb{Q}(\...
12
votes
3answers
606 views

2-torsion in class groups of cubic fields

I was wondering if there are good bounds for the $p$-parts of the class group of a number field $F$ in terms of its discriminant $D_F$. More precisely, the bound for the order of the full class group ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Embedding of quadratic field orthogonal to a rational element in quaternion algebra

Let $a,b \in \mathbb{Q}$ and $\mathbb{K}$ be a number field. Consider the quaternion algebra $\left(\dfrac{a,b}{\mathbb{Q}}\right)$ and its $\mathbb{K}$-points $\left(\dfrac{a,b}{\mathbb{K}}\right)$. ...
8
votes
1answer
205 views

Is the image of an $S$-arithmetic subgroup under a surjective $k$-morphism $S$-arithmetic?

Let $k$ be a global field and let $S$ be a non-empty set of places containing all archimedean ones. Suppose $f:G\to H$ is a surjective $k$-morphism of $k$-groups and let $\Gamma\leq G(k)$ be an $S$-...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Trace of roots of unity has valuation more than 1 in uramified field

Let $F$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$ (p is prime) and $K/F$ be a unramified extension of prime degree $\ell (\neq p)$. Denote $\mu_K$ be the group of roots of unity in $K.$ Does there exist ...
18
votes
1answer
636 views

On the history of the Artin Reciprocity Law

At the beginning of Milne's notes on class field theory, he has a quote by Emil Artin (as recalled by Mattuck in Recountings: Conversations with MIT mathematicians): I will tell you a story about ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Counts of congruent numbers

I am compiling a table of the total number of congruent numbers $\le 10^{n}$ (see OEIS 274403: http://oeis.org/A274403). So far I have evaluated up to $n = 7$. My question is - Are there computer ...
6
votes
4answers
262 views

Examples of discrete subgroups of $PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ with finite covolume and which are not co-compact

Is there a natural example of a discrete subgroup $\Gamma\leq PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ such that (1) $\Gamma$ has finite covolume (2) $\mathfrak{h}/\Gamma$ is not compact ($\mathfrak{h}$ being the upper ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Normalizing factor in Reciprocity of traces of Frobenius with solutions of equations mod p

One kind of Reciprocity tells us that we can count solutions to polynomial equations over finite fields and relate them to traces of Galois Representations with some normalization factor. For ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Criteria for the surjectivity of the reduction map of the $SL_n$-group scheme

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and let $I\subseteq R$ be an ideal. We have a natural projection map $$ \pi:SL_n(R)\rightarrow SL_n(R/I) $$ (In the original question I had put $GL_n$ instead of $SL_n$ ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Combinatorial splitting in number rings

The goal of this problem is to see if there is a structured way to factor numbers constructed from a set of distinct odd primes $p_1$ through $p_n$ in a number ring. Take an arbitrary non empty ...
11
votes
1answer
208 views

A Galois extension over $\mathbb{Q}$ with Galois group $A_4$ and with cyclic decomposition groups

Does there exist a Galois extension $L/\mathbb{Q}$ with Galois group $A_4$ (the alternating group on four letters) such that all the decomposition groups are cyclic? This question is motivated by the ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Congruent numbers and primorials

The first 10 primorials (2, 6, ... , 6469693230) are congruent numbers subject to the Birch Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. My question is - What is the first primorial not to be a congruent number (...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Is that possible to use stieltjes transform for multiple matrices

I have the matrix calculation with expression \begin{equation} \frac{1}{M}tr(\mathbf{WHH}^H\mathbf{W}^H + \mathbf{R}_{nn})^{-1} \end{equation} whereas $\mathbf{H} \in \mathbb{C}^{M\times K}$, $\mathbf{...
7
votes
0answers
271 views

Capitulation of ideal classes in general Dedekind Domains

I’ve been working on a problem, and come across an issue with capitulation in Dedekind domains. Here is the set up: Let $D$ be a Dedekind domain, and $K$ its (perfect, but we’re willing to modify ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Non-negative integer solutions of x^2+y^3=n

I have the next equation: $x^2+y^3=n$. Where n is a positive integer constant. I want to know the exact number of non-negative integer solutions. Also I want to know what are those solutions. How ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

Imaginary quadratic fields: Euclidean if and only if norm Euclidean

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic field and $O_K$ be its ring of integers. We say $O_K$ is norm Euclidean if the norm is a Euclidean function. It is known from the classification of imaginary ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Hasse principle for rational times square

Does a Hasse principle hold for the property of being a rational times a square ? Let $a \in \mathbb{K}$ be an element of a number field. Assume that at every place $\mathbb{K}_v$ of $\mathbb{K}$, $a$...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Prescribed norm residue symbol in number field

Suppose $F$ is a number field, and $a, b$ are non-zero elements. Does there always exist $x \in F$ such that the norm residue symbols (=cup products) are $(a, x)= 0 = (x, b) \in H^2(F, \mathbb{F}_2)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

On the quadratic reciprocity law? [closed]

In the Quadratic Reciprocity Law $$\exists x\in\Bbb{N}\quad x^2\equiv p\pmod q\iff\exists y\in\Bbb{N}\quad y^2\equiv q\pmod p$$ if $p\equiv q\equiv 1\pmod4$. Is there any relation between $x$ and $y$ ...
2
votes
3answers
409 views

Learning roadmap for algebraic number theory

I have read some elementary number theory from David Burton's text and I know groups and rings from Herstein's book Topics in Algebra and some field theory from different sources online. I am ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

What is the precise relationship between primitive Hida families and the connected components of the ordinary locus of the eigencurve?

In the references I've found discussing this question, I have not found any statements that I can understand and that are as precise as I would like. I'm more familiar with Hida families than with the ...
13
votes
3answers
459 views

Infiniteness of the Galois cohomology over a number field with coefficients in a finite Galois module

Let $k$ be a number field and $M$ be a nonzero finite discrete $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar k/k)$-module. Is it true that $H^1(k,M)$ is infinite? This would complete the answer of Daniel Loughran. There is a ...
5
votes
0answers
115 views

Primitive element for a number field, and ramification

Let $K=\mathbb Q(\theta)$ be a number field with integral primitive element $\theta$, and let $f(x)$ be the minimal polynomial of $\theta$. Let $p$ be a rational prime. It's well known that if $p$ ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

Globalizing local field extensions with controlled ramification

Let $K_1/k_1, \ldots, K_r/k_r$ be "separable cyclic" extensions of degree $n$ where each $k_i$ is a local field of characteristic 0 (archimedean or not). By separable cyclic of degree $n$, I mean the ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Exceptional primes in Kummer-Dedekind theorem

Suppose that $A$ is a Dedekind domain with fraction field $K$, $L$ is a finite separable extension of $K$, and $B$ is the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Suppose that $t$ is a primitive element for $L/...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

“Algebrazing” canonical subgroups of elliptic curves

I'm puzzled by a part of the construction of the canonical subgroup of a "not too supersingular" elliptic curve. In Katz's paper, one produces a subgroup of the formal group of the elliptic curve but ...
1
vote
2answers
313 views

Expository articles on Algebraic Number Theory

I am about to start learning Algebraic Number Theory and thus was looking for some expository articles on this subject. So far I have found two such articles: Dickson, L. E.. (1917). Fermat's Last ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Fundamental Units in Totally Real Cubic Fields

How much is known about the fundamental units in totally real cubic fields? For example, Daniel Shanks has a family of totally real cubic fields for which the fundamental units are known; those with ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Character group of the multiplicative rationals

I was reading some stuff on Hecke characters and came across an issue I have not been able to resolve. I posted it here on math stack exchange first. Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\times}$ be the multiplicative ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Connected-étale sequence for ordinary CM elliptic curves

Let $E/k$ be an elliptic curve over algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ with CM, for simplicity, by the maximal order of a quadratic imaginary field $K/\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $p$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
237 views

On $\eta(6z)\eta(18z)$ and the splitting / modularity of $x^3 - 2$

Consider one of the simplest non-abelian examples of modularity. Let $$\eta(6z)\eta(18z) = q\prod_{n=1}^\infty (1 - q^{6n})(1 - q^{18n}) = q - q^7 - q^{13} -q^{19} + q^{25} + 2q^{31} - q^{37} + 2q^{43}...
2
votes
3answers
350 views

Primes in arithmetic progressions in number fields

My general question is how does one prove equi-distribution results for primes in arithmetic progressions in number fields? I am interested in the equi-distribution of prime elements of the ring of ...
9
votes
2answers
553 views

Number of polynomials whose Galois group is a subgroup of the alternating group

Let $f = x^n + a_{n-1}x^n + \cdots + a_0$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n \geq 2$ with integer coefficients. By $\text{Gal}(f)$ we mean the Galois group over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the Galois closure of $...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Why is the kernel of an algebraic Hecke character open in the ideles?

I've been reading about algebraic Hecke characters, and how one obtains one dimensional $p$-adic representations from them. I have a question about why the kernel of a map defined on the ideles is ...
24
votes
0answers
288 views

Does every ring of integers sit inside a monogenic ring of integers?

Given a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$ whose ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ is, in general, not of the form $\mathbf{Z}[\alpha]$ (not monogenic), does there exist an extension $L/K$ which has $\mathcal{...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

What is the ring of integers in $\mathbb Q^c\otimes_K K_\mathfrak p$? [closed]

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $\mathcal O_K$ and $\mathfrak p$ a prime of $K$. Let $\mathbb Q^c$ be the algebraic closure of $\mathbb Q$ in $\mathbb C$. If $L$ is a number field ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

More generalized RSA construction

Is there a way to construct RSA type cryptosystem over general number rings? Can Number Field Sieve technique be applied here?
4
votes
0answers
63 views

An order in $\mathbb Q[G]$ which is a maximal $\mathbb Z_p$-order in $\mathbb Q_p[G]$ for finitely many primes $p$

Let $G$ be a finite group and $S$ a finite set of prime numbers. I know that every separable $\mathbb Q$-algebra $A$ contains a maximal $\mathbb Z$-order but I wonder if the following is true. Is ...
4
votes
2answers
281 views

The best possible density in Hilbert's Irreducibility Theorem

Let $f(X,t_1,\dots,t_s)$ be an irreducible polynomial with coefficients in $\mathcal{O}_K$, the ring of integers of a number field $K$. By work of S. D. Cohen (http://plms.oxfordjournals.org/content/...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

If two Hecke characters cut out the same field, are they Galois conjugates?

First question on MathOverflow, I hope it is appropriate for this site. There are two related questions. Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K = Gal(\overline{K}/K)$, $p$ a prime, and $$\chi_1,\chi_2:G_K\...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Mahler measure of a totally positive, expanding algebraic integer

Consider a degree-$d$ algebraic integer $\alpha$ all of whose conjugates (including itself) are real numbers greater than 1. Its Mahler measure $M(\alpha)$ is simply equal to the norm $N(\alpha)$. ...
3
votes
0answers
118 views

How to Taylor series expand at the prime at infinity

Given a rational number, one can find a Taylor series expansion with respect to any $p$-adic valuation, as covered in Gouvea's introductory text on $p$-adic numbers. My question is how does one do ...