Algebraic varieties with group operations given by morphisms, or group objects in the category of algebraic varieties, the category of algebraic schemes, or closely related categories.

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22
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4answers
3k views

Tannakian Formalism

The Tannakian formalism says you can recover a complex algebraic group from its category of finite dimensional representations, the tensor structure, and the forgetful functor to Vect. Intuitively, ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

When is fiber dimension upper semi-continuous?

Suppose $f\colon X \to Y $ is a morphism of schemes. We can define a function on the topological space $Y$ by sending $y\in Y$ to the dimension of the fiber of $f$ over $y$. When is this function ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Simple Tamagawa number calculations

As is well known, Euler proved the Basel identity $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{i=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^2} = \frac{{\pi}^2}{6}$. By far the most illuminating explanation of this fact that I've seen is ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Definition of “finite group of Lie type”?

The list of finite simple groups of Lie type has been understood for half a century, modulo some differences in notation (and identifications between some of the very small groups coming from ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the status of the Friedlander-Milnor conjecture today?

For the purposes of this question, the Friedlander-Milnor (FM) conjecture asserts an equality of the group homology for algebraic groups, and their discretizations in the following sense: Conjecture ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

method of finding roots of polynominal equations with arithmetic operations and roots and other functions

Lets recall Platonic construction in plane geometry. It is impossible to square a circle using only ruler and callipers. But is also known that it is possible to do it with ruler which has a mark on ...
9
votes
1answer
598 views

Uniform proof of dimension formula for minimal special nilpotent orbit?

Given a simple Lie algebra over an algebraically closed field of good characteristic such as $\mathbb{C}$, its subvariety $\mathcal{N}$ of nilpotent elements has dimension $2N$ (where $N$ is the ...
3
votes
2answers
372 views

Hopf algebra of Chevalley group from the root system

Has anyone worked out a uniform way of constructing the Hopf algebra of a Chevalley group out of the root system (or, more precisely out of the root datum for reductive groups). By "uniform", I mean ...
7
votes
3answers
661 views

homomorphism into reductive groups

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field with char($k$)$= p > 0$. Let $P$ be a finite $p$-group. For any homomorphism $\rho : P \rightarrow GL(n,k)$ we know that the image $im(\rho)$ can be put ...
8
votes
1answer
192 views

Algebraic points of uniformly bounded degree on an algebraic variety

Let $k$ be a perfect field, and let $\bar k$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$. Let $\overline{X}$ be a nonempty smooth algebraic variety over $\bar k$. Does there exist a natural number ...
4
votes
1answer
239 views

About the conjugation of semi-simple subgroups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}$, I would like to find an integer $d>0$ only depending on $G$ with the following property. For any two semi-simple $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroups ...
38
votes
3answers
3k views

What to do now that Lusztig's and James' conjectures have been shown to be false?

Lusztig and James provided conjectures for dimensions of simple modules (or decomposition numbers) for algebraic groups and symmetric groups in characteristic $p$. These conjectures have been ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

Quotients of Schemes by Free Group Actions

I've often seen people in seminars justify the existence of a quotient of a scheme by an algebraic group by remarking that the group action is free. However, I'm pretty sure they are also invoking ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Relation between Hecke Operator and Hecke Algebra

In the study of number theory (and in other branches of mathematics) presence of Hecke Algebra and Hecke Operator is very prominent. One of the many ways to define the Hecke Operator $T(p)$ is in ...
26
votes
8answers
3k views

Is every finite-dimensional Lie algebra the Lie algebra of an algebraic group?

Harold Williams, Pablo Solis, and I were chatting and the following question came up. In Lie group land (where you're doing differential geometry), given a finite-dimensional Lie algebra g, you can ...
29
votes
7answers
2k views

Is an algebraic space group always a scheme?

Suppose G is a group object in the category of algebraic spaces (over a field, if you like, or even over ℂ if you really want). Is G necessarily a scheme? My feeling is that the answer is "yes" ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Explicit cocycle for the central extension of the algebraic loop group G(C((t))).

Let G be a simple Lie group and let G(ℂ((t))) be its loop group. The Lie algebra g[[t]][t-1] has a well known central extension (see e.g. Wikipedia) given by the cocycle c(f,g) = Res0 < f ...
11
votes
2answers
903 views

How Does a Borel Subgroup Know Which Weights Are Dominant

Let $G$ be a simple group (say $SL_n$) and let $B$ be a Borel subgroup (say upper triangular matrices). Then all irreducible representations of $G$ are induced from one-dimensional representations of ...
9
votes
5answers
735 views

Non-conjugate words with the same trace

Let n>=2, p a large prime, G = SL_n(Z/pZ). If n=2, there are words that, while not conjugate in the free group, do have identical trace in G. For example, tr(g h^2 g^2 h)= tr(g^2 h^2 g h) for all g, ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Example of non-projective variety with non-semisimple Frobenius action on etale cohomology?

This question was motivated by a more general question raised by Jan Weidner here. In general one starts with a variety $X$ (say smooth) over an algebraic closure of a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ of ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Are group schemes in Char 0 reduced? (YES)

A Theorem of Cartier (e.g. Mumford, Lecture 25) states that every separated, finite type group scheme $G/k$ over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$ is reduced. Does this result remain valid if we ...
9
votes
2answers
734 views

Examples of non-split algebraic groups

I am interested in knowing various examples of non-split (added hypothesis reductive) reductive linear algebraic groups. In particular, I would like to collect the following examples in my ...
12
votes
2answers
389 views

Do orbits and stable loci of group actions have natural scheme structures?

Suppose G is an algebraic group with an action G×X→X on a scheme. Then many of the usual constructions you make when you talk about group actions on sets can be made scheme-theoretically. ...
10
votes
1answer
846 views

Are there “reasonable” criteria for existence/non-existence of Levi factors or their conjugacy in prime characteristic?

Classical theorems attributed to Levi, Mal'cev, Harish-Chandra for a finite dimensional Lie algebra over a field of characteristic 0 state that it has a Levi decomposition (semisimple subalgebra plus ...
8
votes
1answer
837 views

Are automorphism groups of hypersurfaces reduced ?

In the following article : "H. Matsumura, P. Monsky, On the automorphisms of hypersurfaces, J. Math. Kyoto Univ. 3 (1964) 347-361", it is shown that in finite characteristic, automorphism groups of ...
7
votes
2answers
450 views

Levi decomposition in disconnected linear algebraic group (characteristic 0)?

For algebraic groups or Lie groups, the subject of Levi decompositions tends to be surrounded by some mystery in the literature (and in an older question raised here). While I postpone further my ...
6
votes
0answers
280 views

What is miraculous about the mirabolic subgroup?

I recently asked this question about Euler subgroups and generalizing the automorphic theory of $\mathrm{GL}_n$ to a more general setting. My question here is more specific. As mentioned there, the ...
6
votes
1answer
606 views

Chopping up Dynkin diagrams

Suppose I have a simple, simply connected (linear) algebraic group $\mathcal{G}$ over an algebraically-closed field $k$, which could have any characteristic. In fact, to keep things simple, let's ...
9
votes
3answers
898 views

How do I describe the GL_n torsor attached to a smooth morphism of relative dimension n?

Edit: It seems I had two different constructions mixed up in my head, namely the frame torsor and the automorphism bundle of a vector bundle. This made the main question a bit confusing. The first ...
8
votes
2answers
313 views

$G_\mathbb{Z}$-homotopy type of rational Tits building $\Delta_{G, \mathbb{Q}}$

Take $G$ to be a standard semisimple algebraic $\mathbb{Q}$-group, e.g. $Sp_{2g}$ or $SO(h)$ for $h$ a nondegenerate quadratic form over $\mathbb{Q}$. The arithmetic group $\Gamma=G_{\mathbb{Z}}$ has ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Simply connected simple algebraic groups

Before asking the question I should say that I don't know much about algebraic groups and I'm not sure if the question has the right level for MO. If not, please let me know and I will delete the ...
7
votes
2answers
454 views

Equivariant normalization?

Let $G=\mathrm{Gl}_n\mathbb C$ and let $X$ be an affine $G$-variety. Let $\phi:\tilde X\to X$ be the normalization of $X$, i.e. the spectrum of the integral closure of $\mathbb C[X]$ in its fraction ...
6
votes
2answers
637 views

Failure of Jacobson Morozov in positive characteristics

The Jacobson-Morozov theorem that any nilpotent $e$ in the lie algebra of a simple algebraic group $G$ can be embedded in an $sl_2$-triple, has a restriction (in terms of the coxeter number) on the ...
5
votes
1answer
272 views

line bundle descends?

Let the permutation group $S_4$ act on $\mathbb C^4$ by permuting the coordinates. Consider the categorical quotient $\mathbb P(\mathbb C^4)/S_4$. It is a projective variety by a theorem of Mumford. ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

Intersections of $B$ and $B^-$ orbits in the flag variety $G/B$

Let $G = SL_n(\mathbb{C})$, $B$ be a Borel subgroup, and $B^-$ be the opposite Borel. Both the $B$ and $B^-$ orbits on the flag variety $G/B$ are indexed by the Weyl group $W$. Let $S_{w_1}$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
550 views

Group Cohomology for Reductive Groups

Can anyone provide a reference to proofs of statements of the following type: The higher algebric group cohomology of a reductive group $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$ vanishes. I am interested not just in ...
12
votes
0answers
494 views

Should the Dynkin diagrams of types $A_1$ and $B_2$ be labelled $C_1$ and $C_2$?

The labels $A$--$G$ attached to connected Dynkin diagrams are of course arbitrary, the result of historical accidents. In order to avoid repetitions, the four infinite families $A_\ell, B_\ell, ...
11
votes
0answers
368 views

Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial? This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are $S$-arithmetic groups interesting?

Let $K$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of valuations of $K$, including $\infty$. Define the $S$-numbers $K_S$ to be the direct product $\prod_{s \in S} K_s$ where $K_s$ denotes the completion ...
7
votes
1answer
523 views

Is every reductive group scheme etale locally trivial?

Let $S$ be a scheme over a field $k$, and let $G$ be a reductive group scheme over $S$. Let us call it trivial, if it is a pull-back of a group scheme over $k$ via the structure morphism $S\to k$. Is ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Whenever I read “centraliser of maximal split torus”, I think of…

Inspired by this question I'd like to ask something more specific: In the theory of connected reductive groups over fields, one often reads about the centraliser of a maximal split torus. Here is ...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

Representations of complex semi-simple algebraic group “defined over $\mathbf{Z}$”?

If $G$ is a split semisimple linear algebraic group over $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbf{Z})$ then does every (algebraic) irrep of $G_{\mathbf{C}}$ extend to a morphism $G\to\mathrm{GL}_n$ over ...
3
votes
2answers
287 views

Simple representations of products of algebraic groups

I am looking for a reference for the following assertion that I believe to be true. All representations are assumed to be finite-dimensional. Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be affine algebraic group schemes ...
3
votes
1answer
560 views

Heisenberg group in characteristic two

I have seen two constructions called the Heisenberg group. If $k$ is a field of characteristic not equal to $2$ and $V$ is a $2n$-dimensional vector space over $k$ with symplectic form $\omega : V ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Zariski-closed subgroups of ${\mathbf G}_{\mathbf a}^n$

Let's work over an algebraically closed field $K$. A $1$-dimensional Zariski-closed connected subgroup of ${\mathbf G}_{\mathbf a}^n$ is isomorphic to ${\mathbf G}_{\mathbf a}^1$. If $K$ has ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any ...
4
votes
1answer
265 views

Structure of abelian connected complex linear algebraic groups?

Let $G$ be an abelian connected complex linear algebraic group. Is it true that $G$ is isomorphic to $(\mathbb{G}_m)^k\times (\mathbb{G}_a)^\ell$, where the nonnegative exponents denote repeated ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

uniqueness of quotients of principal congruence subgroups

For each $n \geq 2$, is $\Gamma(2^{n})$ the unique normal subgroup of $\Gamma(2)$ with quotient isomorphic to $\Gamma(2) / \Gamma(2^{n})$ (here we are talking about principal congruence subgroups of ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

Specialisations of flag varieties

Recall that a flag variety over a field $k$ is a smooth projective variety over $k$, which is a homogeneous space for some linear algebraic group. My question concerns specialisations of flag ...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Suslin's Stability Theorem for Chevalley Groups

I am looking for a version of Suslin's Stability Theorem for Chevalley groups. The version of the theorem for $G=SL_n({\mathbb Z}[x_1, \dots , x_m])$ states that the if $n\ge m+2$, the elementary ...