Algebraic varieties with group operations given by morphisms, or group objects in the category of algebraic varieties, the category of algebraic schemes, or closely related categories.

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4
votes
1answer
576 views

Wrong Tits-Index of E7 from Springer 's book

In the his book Linear algebraic groups, by T.A. Springer, there is a list of possible Tits-Indexes. For the $E_7$ case, there is an index shown, such that vertex $1$ and $7$ are circled (Bourbaki ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

'Noether normalization' for finite group schemes

Throughout let $p$ be a prime, and let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$. Let $G$ be a compact Lie group. Such a $G$ can always be embedded as a closed subgroup of $SU(n)$ for some $n$. This ...
6
votes
1answer
241 views

Nonabelian $H^2$ and Galois descent

I would like to know whether the following metatheorem on nonabelian $H^2$ has been ever stated and/or proved. Let $k$ be a perfect field and $k^s$ its fixed separable closure. Let $X^s$ be a variety ...
6
votes
2answers
794 views

Unitary groups over number fields

When defining unitary groups over number fields, one usually takes $F$ to be a totally real number field, $E$ a CM quadratic extension of $F$, and $V$ a hermitian space attached to $E/F$. Then $U(V)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

If a Weyl element preserves a root, then it has a representative which preserves the root space?

Let $G$ be a reductive group defined over a field $F$. Let $\Sigma$ be the set of roots of $G$ with respect to a Borel subgroup $B=TU$ with torus $T$. Let $W=N_G(T)/T$ be the Weyl group of $G$. For $\...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

Does every cocompact lattice admit a homomorphism (with infinite image) into a compact Lie group?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact arithmetic lattice in a semisimple algebraic group. Does it admit a homomorphism $\Gamma \to K$ with infinite image into a compact real Lie group $K$?
5
votes
1answer
214 views

Constructing groups of Type E7 with certain Tits Index

In a new survey on $E_8$, namely Skip Garibaldi - E8 the most exceptional group , the author gives an example (Example 8.4., page 15) on how to construct a group of type E8 with a prescribed Tits-...
12
votes
1answer
500 views

Is the wonderful compactification of a spherical homogeneous variety always projective?

Let $G/H$ be a spherical homogeneous variety, where $G$ is a complex semisimple group. Assume that the subgroup $H$ is self-normalizing, i.e., $\mathcal{N}_G(H)=H$. Then by results of Brion and Pauer ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Is the class of commutative generalized Euclidean rings stable under quotient and localization?

Let $R$ be an associative ring with indentity and let $E_n(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_n(R)$ generated by matrices obtained from the identity matrix by replacing an off-diagonal entry by some $r∈R$. ...
2
votes
0answers
221 views

Can I recognize the quotient of a group by a closed subgroup? (for example the standard representation of S3 in GL(2,C))

The first question might be too much in general. The cases I'd like to understand in practice are quotients (as algebraic varieties) of GL(n,C) (or SL(n,C) if you prefer) by finite subgroups. Is ...
3
votes
2answers
450 views

Centralizer of a subtorus in a reductive group is Levi?

Questions a bit similar to this one have already appeared I think on the forum but I couldn't find the answer to my question using those answers. I must say from the beginning that my knowledge of ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

How to prove that $A$ is supersingular iff the Picard number $\rho(A)$ is equal to the second $l$-adic Betti number $b_2(A) = 6$?

Let $A$ be an abelian surface over algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p > 2$. How to prove that $A$ is supersingular (in other words, there is an isogeny between $A$ and $E^2$, where ...
1
vote
3answers
500 views

Perverse sheaves and tensor product

If $X$ is a connected algebraic variety of finite type over $k$ (with $k$ a field of positive characteristic) of dimension $d$, and if $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ are perverse sheaves on $X$ so $(\...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Hasse principle for rational times square

Does a Hasse principle hold for the property of being a rational times a square ? Let $a \in \mathbb{K}$ be an element of a number field. Assume that at every place $\mathbb{K}_v$ of $\mathbb{K}$, $a$...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

representing base changes of the unit section

Let $S$ be a scheme and $G$ be a sheaf in groups on the big étale site over $S$. Let $e:S\rightarrow G$ be the unit section. Is it true that given an algebraic space in groups $H$, étale over $S$, and ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Centreless semisimple Lie group that is not real algebraic

Let $G$ be a connected semisimple Lie group with trivial centre and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. The adjoint representation of $G$ defines an isomorphism of $G$ onto the connected component of the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What's the symplectic form preserved by a rational representation of a semisimple group

Let $\mathbb{H}_1$, $\mathbb{H}_2$ be two quaternion algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $G_1 = SL_1(\mathbb{H}_1)$, $G_2 =SL_1(\mathbb{H}_2)$. Over $\mathbb{C}$, $G_1\sim G_2 \sim SL_2(\mathbb{C})$. I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

inductive construction of unipotent radicals

Consider a directed coxeter diagram $\vec{\Gamma}$, i.e. a finite graph where each edge is decorated with one of the integer weights $\big\{3,4,6\big\}$ and those edges with weights $4$ or $6$ are ...
3
votes
2answers
804 views

Classification of quasi-split unitary groups

Let $U$ be a unitary group defined with respect to an extension $E/F$ of non-archimedean local fields, and assume it is realised with respect to a pair $(V,q)$, where $V$ is an $n$-dimensional vector ...
2
votes
3answers
364 views

Algebraic groups “generated” by a Lie algebra element

Here is a definition which I invented and which I would like to understand better. Let $ A $ be a complex affine algebraic group. Let $ X \in \mathfrak g $ be an element in its Lie algebra. We say ...
16
votes
0answers
598 views

Should the Dynkin diagrams of types $A_1$ and $B_2$ be labelled $C_1$ and $C_2$?

The labels $A$--$G$ attached to connected Dynkin diagrams are of course arbitrary, the result of historical accidents. In order to avoid repetitions, the four infinite families $A_\ell, B_\ell, C_\...
11
votes
2answers
371 views

Affine GIT is an open map?

Let $k$ be a field, $X= \text{Spec}\,A$ be an affine scheme, with $A$ a finitely generated $k$-algebra. $G=\text{Spec}\,R$ is a linearly reductive group acting rationally on A, i.e. every element of $...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Centralizer action on components of Springer fibers

Let $G$ be a complex adjoint group. Let $u\in G$ be unipotent. The group $A(u):=\pi_0(Z_G(u))$ acts on the set of components of the Springer fiber $\mathcal{B}_u$, the variety of Borel subgroups that ...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Irreducible representations containing simple actions of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group and let $\rho: G \longrightarrow \mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ be a faithful irreducible representation of $G$ with $n \geq 3$. Suppose that $G$ contains a copy ...
2
votes
2answers
865 views

The normalizer of a reductive subgroup

Let $k$ be a field and $G$ a linear algebraic group over $k$. Let $H$ be a diagonalizable subgroup of $G$. Then it is a classical fact that the centralizer $C_G(H)$ of $H$ is of finite index in the ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Chow ring of an algebraic group for another equivalence relation than rational

For $G$ a split algebraic group of arbitrary Dynkin typ, the Chow ring with rational equivalence and $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$, for $p$ some torsion prime of $G$, is well known and will be denoted as ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the normalizer of a reductive subgroup reductive?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over an algebraically closed field (of characteristic zero if it matters) and $H \subset G$ a subgroup, also reductive. Is the identity component of the ...
11
votes
2answers
509 views

Groups of matrices in which all elements have all eigenvalues equal in modulus

I am writing a research article in which I need to use the following fact: if $G$ is a subgroup of $GL_3(\mathbb{R})$ which is irreducible in the sense that no proper nontrivial subspace of $\mathbb{R}...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Is it known whether every symmetric pair of finite groups of Lie type is a Gelfand pair?

A pair of groups $(G,H)$ is called a symmetric pair if $H$ is the group of fixed points of an involutive automorphism of $G$, for example $(GL(2n,\mathbb{F}_q),Sp(2n,\mathbb{F_q}))$ is a symmetric ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Can we write an element in a super Grassmannian as a pair of matrices?

Super Grassmannians are introduced by Manin, see for example. Elements in a grassmannian can be written as matrices, see for example. Can we write an element in a super Grassmannian as a pair of ...
7
votes
1answer
333 views

Quasi-split tori and algebraic groups

Let $k$ be a perfect field. Recall that an algebraic torus $T$ over $k$ is called quasi-split if there exists some finite étale $k$-algebra $A$ such that $$T \cong \mathrm{R}_{A/k} \mathbb{G}_m.$$ A ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Representation equivalent lattices

Suppose $G$ is a absolutely almost simple algebraic groups over a number field $K$. Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be two lattices in $G(K)$. Then $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are said to be ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Normalizer of non-split tori

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $G:=\mathbb{G}(\mathbb{C}(\!(t)\!))$. Let $T$ be a maximal torus in $G$. Question: What do we know about the normalizer $N_G(T)$...
14
votes
1answer
352 views

Does the ring $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ of Laurent polynomials over $\mathbb{Z}$ satisfy $SL_2(R) = E_2(R)$?

Let $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ be the ring of Laurent polynomials on one indeterminate over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $E_2(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_2(R)$ generated by the matrices that differ from the ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Product of Bruhat Cells

Fix a $(B,N)$ pair (Tits system) of a semisimple Lie group $G$. Let $u$ and $v$ be two Weyl group elements such that $l(uv)=l(u)+l(v)$. It is known that $BuvB=(BuB)(BvB)$ (see for example Humphreys's ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

representability of a certain extension of group algebraic spaces

Let S be a scheme. Suppose we have sheaves in abelian groups $A,B,C$ over the big étale site of $S$. Suppose that $A$ and $C$ are representable by algebraic spaces in groups locally of finite type ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...
4
votes
0answers
230 views

étale cohomology of rings of integers of number fields and Shafarevich-Tate groups

Let $K$ be a number field, $A$ an abelian variety over $K$. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the ring of integers of $K$, $\mathcal{A}$ the Néron model abelian scheme of $A$ over $\text{Spec}(\mathcal{O})$. For ...
12
votes
2answers
518 views

1-st cohomology of multiplicative group in a vector space

Let $\mathbb k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ and let $\mathbb k_n$ be a 1-dimensional representation of $\mathbb k^\times$, where the action is given by $t\circ v= t^n v$. Is it known what are the ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Correspondence between dual center and linear characters of finite reductive group

Let $(G,F)$ be a connected reductive group defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ via the Frobenius $F$ and let $(G^*,F^*)$ be a group in duality with $(G,F)$ with respect to rational maximal tori $T \subseteq G$...
1
vote
0answers
435 views

Quotient of an algebraic group by the connected component containing identity

Suppose $G$ is a finite flat group over scheme $S$, let $G^0$ be the connected component containing identity. Is it true that the quotient sheaf $G/G^0$ is always representable by a group scheme over $...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

Epimorphisms between affine group schemes

Does there exist a simple characterization of epimorphisms between affine group schemes over a field ? Are they faithfully flat morphisms ?
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Do all reductive group schemes over semilocal rings admit finite-dimensional free faithful representations?

The definition of a reductive group scheme is as in SGA III. Frankly, I only know that they exist for the adjoint group (the adjoint representation). In SGA III, I could only find a result for general ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

A more precise description of conjugation of semi-simple subgroups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}$, I would like to find an integer $d>0$ only depending on $G$ with the following property. For any two semi-simple $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroups $...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

Algebraic points of uniformly bounded degree on an algebraic variety

Let $k$ be a perfect field, and let $\bar k$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$. Let $\overline{X}$ be a nonempty smooth algebraic variety over $\bar k$. Does there exist a natural number $d=d(\...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

Characters of simply connected semsimple algebraic groups over local fields

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Then by definition $G$ admits no non-trivial algebraic characters, i.e. homomorphisms $G \to \mathbb{G}_m$. However, it is quite possible ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

About the conjugation of semi-simple subgroups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}$, I would like to find an integer $d>0$ only depending on $G$ with the following property. For any two semi-simple $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroups $...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

Adjoint semi-simple algebraic groups over non-algebraically closed fields

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $G$ be an adjoint semi-simple algebraic group over $k$. On p34 of the paper "Sansuc - Groupe de Brauer et arithmétique des groupes algébriques ...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any semi-...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

cubic forms and finiteness of $k^*/(k^*)^3$

In some recent computation I came across certain cubic forms and was wondering about analogue of following result for quadratic forms. If $k^*/(k^*)^2$ is finite then there are only finitely many ...