Algebraic varieties with group operations given by morphisms, or group objects in the category of algebraic varieties, the category of algebraic schemes, or closely related categories.

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8
votes
1answer
305 views

what is the intersection of all congruence subgroups of the profinite completion of SL(2,Z)?

Let $\widehat{SL(2,\mathbb{Z})}$ be the profinite completion of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Gamma(N)$ denote the typical principal congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ (ie, all matrices congruent ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

The definition of $SK_1$ for an arbitrary ring

Let $R$ be a unitary associative ring. If $R$ is commutative, then one defines $SK_1(R)$ as the quotient $$SK_1(R)=SL(R)/E(R)$$ (Definition 2.8 of ...
4
votes
0answers
161 views

An extension of group schemes admitting Neron models

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $K$ its field of fractions, and $$ 0 \rightarrow G_K' \rightarrow G_K \rightarrow G_K'' \rightarrow 0$$ a short exact sequence of smooth $K$-group schemes of ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Geometrically connected components of an algebraic group

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group over a field $k$. Let $G^o$be the connected component of the identity. Since $G^0$ contains a $k$-rational point (the identity) therefore it is geometrically ...
5
votes
0answers
410 views

Torsors and twists of algebraic groups

Let $G/S$ be an affine group scheme. Then the automorphism group of every $G$-torsor over $S$ is a twist of $G$, but it this functor isn't essentially surjective in general (It may be not full nor ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Decomposing quasi-finite separated group schemes

Let $U$ be a punctured disk, and let $G\to U$ be a quasi-finite separated group scheme. (Assume $K$ of char zero if it helps) Why is $G = G_1\sqcup G_2$, where $G_1 \to U$ is finite and $G_2\to U$ ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

orders of maximal abelian subgroups

What are the orders of maximal abelian subgroups of the simple groups $F_4(q)$ and $C_4(q)$, where $F_4(q)$ is an exceptional group and $C_4(q)$ is a symplectic group?
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Quotient of a (non-linear) algebraic group by a closed subgroup

Let G be a (not necessarily linear) algebraic group and H a closed algebraic subgroup. Does the, say categorical, quotient G/H exist? If yes, where do I find a proof? If no, do you have a ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Representation of GL(n, F_p) over F_p, for n small

The question is related to this post Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field However, I am asking for more detailed references for n small, for example, for n=2, ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Analogies, Riemann surfaces and Algebraic groups

Let G be a complex simple Lie group of adjoint type. Then, it is well known that every such $G$ contains, unique up to conjugacy, an irreducibly embedded copy of $PSL(2,\mathbb{C}).$ This fact seems ...
1
vote
0answers
716 views

Picard functor of an algebraic group

Let $K$ be a field, $G$ a $K$-group scheme of finite type, and $X$ a $G$-torsor. Is the Picard functor $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ representable? I recall that $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ is the fppf sheafification ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

$\mathbb{Q}$-forms of $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$

I am learning something about lattices in algebraic groups. Consider the algebraic group $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$. What are the $\mathbb{Q}$-forms of such groups?
2
votes
2answers
335 views

Connected unipotent algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a connected unipotent algebraic (affine) group defined over a perfect field $k$. Then $G$ is $k$-isomorphic as an algebraic $k$-variety to the affine space $\mathbb A^n_k$. Is there any ...
12
votes
2answers
936 views

Is there a scheme parametrizing the closed subgroups of an algebraic group?

In the following, let $G=\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $G=\operatorname{\mathbb PGL}_n(\mathbb{C})$, depending on whichever has a better chance of yielding an affirmative answer. One could more ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

On Serre's problem regarding the injectivity of Albert-Algebra cohomological invariants

In these Lecture Notes http://molle.fernuni-hagen.de/~loos/jordan/archive/cohinv/cohinv.pdf from 2006 by Garibaldi on page 21. 7.5 there is the following open problem mentioned: Is the map $g_3 ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Reductive subgroup and its derived subgroup with an irreducible represenation

Could you please answer the following question: Let $V$ be a faithful irreducible representation of a connected reductive group $H$ defined over $\mathbb{R}$ Is it true that the derived group of $H$, ...
8
votes
1answer
719 views

Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field

I am re-posting a question I asked on math.se here because I am unsatisfied with the answers I obtained. The irreducible modules of $\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ over $\mathbb C$ are completely ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

exponential and anisotropic torus

Let $F$ be a local p-adic field and $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $F$, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Let $T$ a maximal anisotropic torus of $G$, split over an etale extension of $F$ ...
5
votes
1answer
316 views

Optimal definition of “paving by affine spaces”?

Cell decompositions have been used in topology for a long time as a tool in computing cohomology, but the notion in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry of paving by affine spaces (or "affine ...
7
votes
1answer
233 views

Meaning of fibration in Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper on affine flag manifolds

Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper "Fixed point varieties on affine flag manifolds" has the following definition on p.143: define inductively a variety $Z$ to be an "almost affine space" if $Z$ is affine or ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

on lifting extensions

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected and $T$ a maximal torus over an algebraically field $k$. We consider a extension $\tilde{T}$ of the maximal torus $T$ by a torus ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

Is a “central” extension of $\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}$ by $\mathrm{GL}_n$ necessarily split?

Let $m \ge 1$ be an integer, let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $$ 1 \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_n \rightarrow E \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 1 $$ be an extension of ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Generators of the algebra of invariant polynomials on a Lie algebra and the root-space decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Fix a pair $T\subseteq B\subseteq G$ of a maximal torus and Borel subgroup, and let $\mathfrak{t}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Is $G \rightarrow G/P$ surjective on $K$-points over a local field?

Let $K$ be a local field, $G$ a (connected) reductive $K$-group, and $P \le G$ a parabolic subgroup. Is the map $G(K) \rightarrow (G/P)(K)$ necessarily surjective, and, if so, then why?
2
votes
2answers
266 views

A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...
7
votes
1answer
337 views

On unramified p-adic groups

Let G be a reductive group over a local field F. Let O be the ring of integers of F. The following are equivalent (and groups satisfying these conditions are called unramified): (a) G is quasisplit ...
2
votes
2answers
290 views

Compact elements in $G(K)$ for a reductive group $G$ over a nonarchimedean local field $K$

Let $K$ be a nonarchimedean local field and $G$ a (connected) reductive group over $K$, so that $G(K)$ carries a natural topology. An element $g \in G(K)$ is compact if it is contained in a compact ...
9
votes
1answer
583 views

Are there noncommutative extensions of $\alpha_p$ by $\mathbb{G}_m$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p > 0$ (algebraically closed, if you want; that doesn't make a difference). Consider a finite type $k$-group scheme $E$ that is a (central) extension of ...
3
votes
0answers
446 views

polynomials with roots on the unit circle

Suppose $P(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is irreducible, and such that at least one of its roots has modulus $1.$ Is there anything we can say about the reduction of $P(x)$ modulo primes? Do these have some ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

algebraic groups over non-archimedean local fields acting on buildings

I was wondering could anyone tell me a reference for the fact that an absolutely quasi-simple algebraic group over a non-archimedean local field which is centreless and non-compact acts faithfully and ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

On the reductive group [closed]

I know that the automorphic representation can be defined only for reductive algebraic group. What property of algebriac group makes it hinder to define for all algebraic group and what nice property ...
5
votes
1answer
303 views

Smooth and $GL(n)$-equivariant implies algebraic?

Context: Let $B_n$ be the space of symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_n\subset B_n$ be the subset of non-degenerate forms of Lorentzian signature $(-,+,\ldots,+)$. Let $T$ be a finite ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Intuition for the structure theorem for connected solvable algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic

In the theory of algebraic groups one of the fundamental results is the structure theorem for connected solvable groups. I never understood the proof in any of the standard textbooks, so I just moved ...
0
votes
0answers
115 views

Can any reductive $k$-group be written as a semidirect product of $k$-linear groups?

This might be an easy question for the experts, so I apologise in advance. By a reductive group over a field $k$, I mean a linear algebraic group (not necessarily connected) such that the unipotent ...
0
votes
0answers
152 views

Irreducible action of an algebraic group

Is the following claim true?: Let $G$ be an algebraic group such that $G^\circ$ is reductive. Suppose $G$ acts irreducibly on $V$. Is it true that $V$ is decomposed (written as direct sum) into ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Can we classify reductive group schemes over curves

Let $C$ be a smooth quasi-projective connected curve over the complex numbers. Can one classify all reductive group schemes over $C$? Certainly, you have the trivial ones (coming from pulling-back ...
0
votes
1answer
250 views

Maximal subgroups of indefinite special orthogonal group SO(p,q)

Can someone answer the following question: Is there any classification of maximal proper Zariski-closed real subgroups of $SO(p,q)$ which are not parabolic, and satisfy the following conditions: ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Reference for finite number of Weyl groups of reductive groups of rank $r$

I'm posting this question on behalf of someone without access to mathoverflow: Can anybody give me a reliable reference (not a proof) to the following statement? Up to isomorphism, there are only ...
4
votes
0answers
200 views

Tannaka categories and reductive groups

The group associated to a Tannaka category $T$ over a field is pro-reductive if and only if $T$ is semi-simple. Pro-reductive groups make sense over any scheme. Is there an extension of the theory ...
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Pulling back quasi-coherent sheaves from a quotient stack

In a problem I am trying to solve, the following situation occurs. $X$ is a smooth variety and $G$ is a reductive group acting transitively on $X$. We have the stack $X/G$ and a morphism $\pi : X \to ...
9
votes
3answers
572 views

Maximal compact subgroup of p-adic lie groups

Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ be a finite set of places of $k$. Let $G$ be a connected semisimple algebraic group over $k$. Let $k_S=\prod_{v\in S}k_v$ where $k_v$ is the completion of $k$ at $v$. ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

An inequality on representations and subgroups of general linear groups over finite field

Let $q$ be a power of $p$, let $l$ be a prime different from $p$, and let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be two subgroups of $GL_n(\mathbb F_q)$ that are $l$-groups. If for all characteristic $0$ representations ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Openness of finite index subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\prod O_v)$

Let $K$ be a global field and set $O := \prod_{v\nmid \infty} O_v$ where $v$ runs over the finite places of $K$. Equip $\mathrm{GL}_n(O) = \prod_v \mathrm{GL}_n(O_v)$ with the product of the $v$-adic ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Compactness of adelic quotients for unipotent groups over global fields

Let $K$ be a global field, $\mathbb{A}_K$ the ring of adeles, and $U$ a unipotent algebraic group over $K$. Why is $U(\mathbb{A}_K)/U(K)$, when endowed with the quotient topology, compact?
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Are linear algebraic groups rigid?

The underlying variety of a linear elgebraic group (say, over an algebraically closed field) is affine, so doesn't have nontrivial (infinitesimal) deformations. I'm curious to know whether it's ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

Invariant planes of a nilpotent matrix with two Jordan blocks of size two

Describe all the invariant 2-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{C}^4$ (or $\mathbb{R}^4$) of the nilpotent map $$ N = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 1 & & \\ 0 & 0 & & \\ & & 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Characteristic polynomials of reductive subgroup over C

Can any one provide a hint to prove the following statement? : Let $H$ be a complex reductive subgroup (not necessarily connected) contained in $SO(n,\mathbb{C)})$. Consider the map $H \rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

Non-linearly isomorphic non-equivalent $G-$representations?

Let $G$ be an algebraic group (or a group scheme) over a field $\Bbbk$, and let $V$ be an algebraic $G-$representation (I mean, corresponding to a homomorphism of $\Bbbk-$group schemes $G\rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
199 views

Can the commuting condition in Jordan-Chevalley decomposition be replaced with this global criterion?

Let $G$ be a reductive linear algebraic group defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic, and write $\mathfrak{g}$ for its Lie algebra. The Jordan-Chevalley ...