The algebraic-groups tag has no wiki summary.

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### Derived subgroup of rational points versus rational points of derived subgroup

Let $\mathbf G$ be a connected algebraic group defined over a field $\mathbb F_p$. If $q=p^n$, then the groups $\mathbf G^\prime (\mathbb F_q)$ and $\mathbf G (\mathbb F_q)^\prime$ are not always ...

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172 views

### Bruhat decomposition of $G/Q$

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb C$, $T$ be a maximal torus and $B$ be a Borel subgroup of $G$ containing $T$. Let $R^+$ be the set of positive roots with respect to $B$. Let $Q$ ...

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373 views

### What is the difference between p-adic Lie groups and linear algebraic groups over p-adic fields?

I thought they were the same, just different names. Let me make question more precise:
Let $G$ be any linear algebraic group over a p-adic field $\mathbb{Q}_p$, is $G$ a p-adic Lie group w.r.t. the ...

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192 views

### line bundle descends?

Let the permutation group $S_4$ act on $\mathbb C^4$ by permuting the coordinates. Consider the categorical quotient $\mathbb P(\mathbb C^4)/S_4$. It is a projective variety by a theorem of Mumford. ...

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185 views

### Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements.
What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...

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369 views

### Global Affine Flag Variety and Affine Flag Variety

There is a construction of a global affine flag variety over $\mathbb{A}^1$ (or another curve) $Fl_{\mathbb{A}_1}$ such that each fiber above $\epsilon \neq 0$ is isomorphic to a direct product of the ...

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358 views

### Tannakian fundamental group of two explicit tensor categories

Let $K/k$ is a field extension and $G$ an affine group scheme over $K$. What are the Tannakian fundamental groups of these two $k$-tensor categories (with trivial fiber functors over $k$):
1. The ...

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128 views

### Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...

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207 views

### twists of algebraic groups

If $k$ is some field - for convenience, of characteristic 0 -, $\bar{k}$ is an alg. closure of $k$, and $G$ is some $k$-algebraic group, one can define a twist of $G$ to be some $k$-algebraic group ...

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### Intersections of $B$ and $B^-$ orbits in the flag variety $G/B$

Let $G = SL_n(\mathbb{C})$, $B$ be a Borel subgroup, and $B^-$ be the opposite Borel.
Both the $B$ and $B^-$ orbits on the flag variety $G/B$ are indexed by the Weyl group $W$. Let $S_{w_1}$ and ...

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225 views

### highest weight representations inside tensor product

Let $G$ be a semisimple simply connected group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero, $B$ a Borel and $T$ a maximal torus.
Let $\lambda,\mu,\nu$ be dominant characters of $T$.
...

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60 views

### adjoint quotient and points in DVRs

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field $k$, $T$ a maximal torus and $W$ its Weyl group.
We have a Steinberg map $\chi:G\rightarrow \mathfrak{C}:=T/W$ if we have a ...

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86 views

### Need information about particular kind of quotients of semisimple algebraic groups by free abelian discrete subgroups

Let me start with the simplest version of the question since already there I don't know anything.
For a complex number $q$, consider the quotient space $X_q:=\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb ...

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202 views

### Extensions of an abelian variety by a torus vs. extensions of their $\ell$-adic Tate modules

Let $K$ be a number field, let $A$ be an abelian variety over $K$, and let $H$ be a torus over $K$. For a prime $l$, we have the natural map
$$\mathrm{Ext}^1(A, H) \otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} \mathbb{Z}_l ...

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82 views

### Exponential map on a unipotent group

Let $G$ by a unipotent linear algebraic group defined over a field of characteristic $0$, with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. The exponential map $\mathfrak{g}\to G$ is bijective, and we can recover the ...

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### Rational Points of a Quotient of a Reductive Group by a Parabolic Subgroup

Let $G$ be a reductive group and let $P$ be a parabolic subgroup of $G$ all defined over $\mathbb{Z}$.
Also, let $F$ be a number field, is it true (and if so, please provide a reference) that
$$ ...

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324 views

### A Step in the Proof of the Drinfeld-Simpson theorem

I hope that this is the appropriate place for asking about a step I don't understand in a proof which I think is due to a lack of knowledge. This is a step in Drinfeld-Simpson's paper: ``$B$ ...

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175 views

### How to think about the simple reflection s_0 in the affine Weyl group?

Let $G$ be a simply connected algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$, $W$ be the Weyl group for $G$ and $W_{aff}$ be the affine Weyl group for the loop group $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$, $\Phi$ be the coweight ...

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206 views

### Closure order on nilpotent orbits in exceptional Lie algebras

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over the algebraically closed field $k$ of positive characteristic, and let ${\mathfrak g}={\rm Lie}(G)$. It is well known that there are finitely many nilpotent ...

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251 views

### Polarizations generate the ring of invariants?

The symmetric group $S_n$ acts on $\mathbb R^n$ by permuting the coordinates and the ring of polynomial invariants is generated by the elementary symmetric polynomials. If we restrict the action to ...

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224 views

### Lifting one parameter subgroups of algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb C$ of characteristic zero and $U$ its unipotent radical, then $H:=G/U$ is a reductive group. Assume that I have a one ...

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269 views

### what is the intersection of all congruence subgroups of the profinite completion of SL(2,Z)?

Let $\widehat{SL(2,\mathbb{Z})}$ be the profinite completion of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Gamma(N)$ denote the typical principal congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ (ie, all matrices congruent ...

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### The definition of $SK_1$ for an arbitrary ring

Let $R$ be a unitary associative ring. If $R$ is commutative, then one defines $SK_1(R)$ as the quotient $$SK_1(R)=SL(R)/E(R)$$ (Definition 2.8 of ...

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140 views

### An extension of group schemes admitting Neron models

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $K$ its field of fractions, and
$$ 0 \rightarrow G_K' \rightarrow G_K \rightarrow G_K'' \rightarrow 0$$
a short exact sequence of smooth $K$-group schemes of ...

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272 views

### Geometrically connected components of an algebraic group

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group over a field $k$. Let $G^o$be the connected component of the identity. Since $G^0$ contains a $k$-rational point (the identity) therefore it is geometrically ...

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133 views

### Comparison of two Chevalley basis

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field and $T$ a maximal torus.
Let $H$ be a pseudo-Levi subgroup, say the neutral component of a centralizer of a semisimple element ...

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236 views

### Torsors and twists of algebraic groups

Let $G/S$ be an affine group scheme. Then the automorphism group of every $G$-torsor over $S$ is a twist of $G$, but it this functor isn't essentially surjective in general (It may be not full nor ...

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### Decomposing quasi-finite separated group schemes

Let $U$ be a punctured disk, and let $G\to U$ be a quasi-finite separated group scheme. (Assume $K$ of char zero if it helps)
Why is $G = G_1\sqcup G_2$, where $G_1 \to U$ is finite and $G_2\to U$ ...

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135 views

### orders of maximal abelian subgroups

What are the orders of maximal abelian subgroups of the simple groups $F_4(q)$ and $C_4(q)$, where $F_4(q)$ is an exceptional group and $C_4(q)$ is a symplectic group?

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193 views

### Quotient of a (non-linear) algebraic group by a closed subgroup

Let G be a (not necessarily linear) algebraic group and H a closed algebraic subgroup. Does the, say categorical, quotient G/H exist?
If yes, where do I find a proof?
If no, do you have a ...

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223 views

### Representation of GL(n, F_p) over F_p, for n small

The question is related to this post
Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field
However, I am asking for more detailed references for n small, for example, for n=2, ...

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138 views

### Analogies, Riemann surfaces and Algebraic groups

Let G be a complex simple Lie group of adjoint type. Then, it is well known that every such $G$ contains, unique up to conjugacy, an irreducibly embedded copy of $PSL(2,\mathbb{C}).$ This fact seems ...

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### Picard functor of an algebraic group

Let $K$ be a field, $G$ a $K$-group scheme of finite type, and $X$ a $G$-torsor. Is the Picard functor $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ representable? I recall that $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ is the fppf sheafification ...

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### $\mathbb{Q}$-forms of $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$

I am learning something about lattices in algebraic groups. Consider the algebraic group $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$. What are the $\mathbb{Q}$-forms of such groups?

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### Connected unipotent algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a connected unipotent algebraic (affine) group defined over a perfect field $k$. Then $G$ is $k$-isomorphic as an algebraic $k$-variety to the affine space $\mathbb A^n_k$.
Is there any ...

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### Is there a scheme parametrizing the closed subgroups of an algebraic group?

In the following, let $G=\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $G=\operatorname{\mathbb PGL}_n(\mathbb{C})$, depending on whichever has a better chance of yielding an affirmative answer. One could more ...

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### conjugacy classes of proper semisimple subgroups in parabolic groups

Is it true that there are only finitely many conjugacy classes of proper semisimple subgroups in a parabolic subgroup which in turn is contained in an semisimple algebraic group?
Let $G$ be a ...

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### On Serre's problem regarding the injectivity of Albert-Algebra cohomological invariants

In these Lecture Notes http://molle.fernuni-hagen.de/~loos/jordan/archive/cohinv/cohinv.pdf from 2006 by Garibaldi on page 21. 7.5 there is the following open problem mentioned:
Is the map
$g_3 ...

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### Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...

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### Reductive subgroup and its derived subgroup with an irreducible represenation

Could you please answer the following question: Let $V$ be a faithful irreducible representation of a connected reductive group $H$ defined over $\mathbb{R}$ Is it true that the derived group of $H$, ...

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### Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field

I am re-posting a question I asked on math.se here because I am unsatisfied with the answers I obtained.
The irreducible modules of $\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ over $\mathbb C$ are completely ...

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### exponential and anisotropic torus

Let $F$ be a local p-adic field and $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $F$, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Let $T$ a maximal anisotropic torus of $G$, split over an etale extension of $F$ ...

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### Optimal definition of “paving by affine spaces”?

Cell decompositions have been used in topology for a long time as a tool in computing cohomology, but the notion in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry of paving by affine spaces (or "affine ...

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### Meaning of fibration in Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper on affine flag manifolds

Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper "Fixed point varieties on affine flag manifolds" has the following definition on p.143: define inductively a variety $Z$ to be an "almost affine space" if $Z$ is affine or ...

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### on lifting extensions

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected and $T$ a maximal torus over an algebraically field $k$.
We consider a extension $\tilde{T}$ of the maximal torus $T$ by a torus ...

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### Is a “central” extension of $\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}$ by $\mathrm{GL}_n$ necessarily split?

Let $m \ge 1$ be an integer, let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let
$$
1 \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_n \rightarrow E \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 1
$$
be an extension of ...

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### endoscopy and simply connectedness

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected over a local field $F$.
Let $\hat{G}$ be its Langlands dual, $s$ a semisimple element in $\hat{G}$ and $\hat{H}=\hat{G}_{s}$.
...

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### Generators of the algebra of invariant polynomials on a Lie algebra and the root-space decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Fix a pair $T\subseteq B\subseteq G$ of a maximal torus and Borel subgroup, and let $\mathfrak{t}$ ...

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### Is $G \rightarrow G/P$ surjective on $K$-points over a local field?

Let $K$ be a local field, $G$ a (connected) reductive $K$-group, and $P \le G$ a parabolic subgroup. Is the map $G(K) \rightarrow (G/P)(K)$ necessarily surjective, and, if so, then why?

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### A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...