1
vote
0answers
65 views

What is classified by $H^1(\mathbb{R},SO(p,q))$ and by $H^1(\mathbb{R},SU(p,q))$?

We denote by $F^{\mathbb{R}}_{p,q}$ the quadratic form over the field ${\mathbb{R}}$ $$ F^{\mathbb{R}}_{p,q}(x)=x_1^2+\dots+x_p^2-(x_{p+1}^2+\dots+x_{p+q}^2) $$ on the vector space ...
3
votes
1answer
357 views

Is every element of $\mathrm{SL}(n,R)$ of finite order diagonalizable?

Let $k>0$ be an integer, let $R$ be a ring (commutative, unital), which contains $\mathbb{Q}$ (i.e. with a ring homomorphism $\mathbb{Q}\to R$) and all $k$-roots of unity. The examples I have in ...
3
votes
4answers
335 views

Reference for an algebraic group preserving a cubic form

Let $R=k[u,v,w]$ and $p\in R$ be a cubic form. Let $G$ be the group of graded automorphisms of $R$ which preserve $p$, i.e., $G$ is the subgroup of $GL_3(k)$ consisting of elements $g$ such that $g(p) ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Regular or elliptic elements in the multiplicative group of central division algebra

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ over a field $F$, $g$ is called $regular$ if the dimension of the centralizer of $g$ is equal to the rank of the algebraic group $G$, $g$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Compatibility of two definitions of elliptic elements in GLn

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ (over a local field), $g$ is called $elliptic$ if it is semisimple and the maximal split subtorus of the center of the centralizer of $g$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Form of a block upper triangular matrix of finite order

If I take a block upper triangular matrix and the matrix is known to be diagonalizable and the leading blocks in the diagonal are each of finite order, is it true that away from the leading block ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

On matrices conjugated in a faithful representation

Let $k$ an algebraically closed field. Let $O=k[[\pi]]$ and $F=k((\pi))$ and $G\rightarrow GL_{n}$ a faithful representation of a semisimple group. Let $A, B\in G(O)\cap G(F)^{rs}$ (rs for regular ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Compute the discriminant for reductive groups

Consider $G=GL_{2}$ and $F=k((\pi))$, and a diagonal matrix $t=\left(\begin{array}{cc}a&0\\0&b\end{array}\right)$. The characteristic polynomial of $t$ is $X^{2}-(a+b)X+ab$, and the ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

a very elementary question on the conjugated matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ two matrices in $GL_{n}(K[[\pi]])$, regular semisimple on $GL_{n}(K((\pi)))$, with $K$ an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero . We suppose that they have the same ...
15
votes
3answers
950 views

Small index subgroups of SL(3,Z)

I would like to know the smallest index subgroups of SL(3,Z). The smallest I could find has even entries $a_{3,1}$ and $a_{3,2}$, along the bottom row. I could not figure out whether there are ...
7
votes
4answers
612 views

Classification of Tori of GL2, up to conjugation

Over an algebraically closed field $k$, every one-dimensional torus embedded (as a closed algebraic subgroup) into GL2 is diagonalisable, and the embedding is $t\mapsto (t^m,t^n)$ for some integers ...
3
votes
2answers
300 views

Explicit equation of Dickson invariant / quasideterminant / special orthogonal group over the integers

Consider $2n$ coordinates $x_1,\ldots,x_n,y_1,\ldots,y_n$ and the quadratic form $q = \sum_{i=1}^n x_i y_i$. Now call $O(q,A)$ (orthogonal group of $q$) the group of $(2n)\times(2n)$ matrices, with ...
2
votes
4answers
313 views

A polynomial homomorphism from Gl to the group of units is a power of the determinant

I was browsing MO and stumbled upon this post, and I got very curious. I searched for about half an hour and could not find a proof for the statement that any polynomial group homomorphism ...
6
votes
2answers
404 views

Groups of matrices that preserve several quadratic forms

Given two (or more) quadratic forms (on the same vector space) consider the group of matrices that preserve these forms, i.e. $Q_i=U Q_i U^T$, $i=1,2..,k$ What is known about such groups? (at least ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

Infinite products of representations of the additive group

Fix a $\mathbb{Q}$-algebra $R$. Let's call an endomorphism $f : M \to M$ of an $R$-module $M$ locally nilpotent if for every $m \in M$ there is some $n \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $f^n(m)=0$. ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

intersections of $SO_2^n, SL_2^n$ with $SO_{2n}, Sp_{2n}$

Let $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ be endowed with the canonical symplectic structure $(\omega, J)$, where $\omega$ the usual nondegenerate symplectic form and $J$ the usual almost complex structure (ie. ...
3
votes
2answers
467 views

$k$ structures on $K$ vector spaces

The following statement is made in Borel's Linear Algebraic groups, section 11 on $k$ structures. Let $V$ and $W$ be $K$ vector spaces with $k$ structures. If $f:V\to W$ is $K$ linear, then $f$ is ...
2
votes
2answers
275 views

The product of non-commuting semisimple matrices need not be semisimple

In general when one proves that the product of semisimple (i.e. diagonalizable) matrices is semisimple one assumes they commute and are thus simultaneously diagonalizable, and then the result follows. ...
5
votes
3answers
459 views

Zariski-closed subsemigroups of SL_n(C) are groups

I would like to show that any Zariski-closed subsemigroup of $SL_n(\mathbb{C})$ is a group. If I understand correctly, this is consequence 1.2.A of http://www.heldermann-verlag.de/jlt/jlt03/BOSLAT.PDF ...
1
vote
1answer
318 views

Tori acting on vector spaces

Let $T$ be a torus defined over a field $K$ of characteristic $p>0$. Suppose that $T$ acts (algebraically) on some vector space $V$ (over the same field $K$). Let $W$ be a subspace of $V$. Now ...
21
votes
6answers
3k views

A slick proof of the Bruhat Decomposition for GL_n(k)?

On one of my exams last year, we were given a problem (we chose five or six out of eight problems) on an exam, the goal of which was to prove the Bruhat decomposition for $GL_n(k)$. I was one of the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Simultaneous diagonalization

I'm pretty sure that the following (if true) is a standard result in linear algebra but unfortunately I could not find it anywhere and even worse I'm too dumb to prove it: Let $k$ be a field, let $V$ ...
8
votes
5answers
692 views

Non-conjugate words with the same trace

Let n>=2, p a large prime, G = SL_n(Z/pZ). If n=2, there are words that, while not conjugate in the free group, do have identical trace in G. For example, tr(g h^2 g^2 h)= tr(g^2 h^2 g h) for all g, ...