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1
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1answer
110 views

Lifting one parameter subgroups of algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb C$ of characteristic zero and $U$ its unipotent radical, then $H:=G/U$ is a reductive group. Assume that I have a one ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

what is the intersection of all congruence subgroups of the profinite completion of SL(2,Z)?

Let $\widehat{SL(2,\mathbb{Z})}$ be the profinite completion of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Gamma(N)$ denote the typical principal congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ (ie, all matrices congruent ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

The definition of $SK_1$ for an arbitrary ring

Let $R$ be a unitary associative ring. If $R$ is commutative, then one defines $SK_1(R)$ as the quotient $$SK_1(R)=SL(R)/E(R)$$ (Definition 2.8 of ...
4
votes
0answers
121 views

An extension of group schemes admitting Neron models

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $K$ its field of fractions, and $$ 0 \rightarrow G_K' \rightarrow G_K \rightarrow G_K'' \rightarrow 0$$ a short exact sequence of smooth $K$-group schemes of ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Geometrically connected components of an algebraic group

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group over a field $k$. Let $G^o$be the connected component of the identity. Since $G^0$ contains a $k$-rational point (the identity) therefore it is geometrically ...
0
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0answers
116 views

Comparison of two Chevalley basis

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field and $T$ a maximal torus. Let $H$ be a pseudo-Levi subgroup, say the neutral component of a centralizer of a semisimple element ...
5
votes
0answers
183 views

Torsors and twists of algebraic groups

Let $G/S$ be an affine group scheme. Then the automorphism group of every $G$-torsor over $S$ is a twist of $G$, but it this functor isn't essentially surjective in general (It may be not full nor ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Decomposing quasi-finite separated group schemes

Let $U$ be a punctured disk, and let $G\to U$ be a quasi-finite separated group scheme. (Assume $K$ of char zero if it helps) Why is $G = G_1\sqcup G_2$, where $G_1 \to U$ is finite and $G_2\to U$ ...
1
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0answers
81 views

on the condition “$G$ is defined over $\mathbb{Q}$” [migrated]

This might be a stupid question, but I cannot understand the "technical condition" when studying some basics of arithmetic groups, that is an algebraic group is defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

orders of maximal abelian subgroups

What are the orders of maximal abelian subgroups of the simple groups $F_4(q)$ and $C_4(q)$, where $F_4(q)$ is an exceptional group and $C_4(q)$ is a symplectic group?
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Quotient of a (non-linear) algebraic group by a closed subgroup

Let G be a (not necessarily linear) algebraic group and H a closed algebraic subgroup. Does the, say categorical, quotient G/H exist? If yes, where do I find a proof? If no, do you have a ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Representation of GL(n, F_p) over F_p, for n small

The question is related to this post Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field However, I am asking for more detailed references for n small, for example, for n=2, ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Analogies, Riemann surfaces and Algebraic groups

Let G be a complex simple Lie group of adjoint type. Then, it is well known that every such $G$ contains, unique up to conjugacy, an irreducibly embedded copy of $PSL(2,\mathbb{C}).$ This fact seems ...
1
vote
0answers
330 views

Picard functor of an algebraic group

Let $K$ be a field, $G$ a $K$-group scheme of finite type, and $X$ a $G$-torsor. Is the Picard functor $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ representable? I recall that $\mathrm{Pic}_{X/K}$ is the fppf sheafification ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

$\mathbb{Q}$-forms of $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$

I am learning something about lattices in algebraic groups. Consider the algebraic group $\mathrm{SL}_2\times \mathrm{SL}_2$. What are the $\mathbb{Q}$-forms of such groups?
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Connected unipotent algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a connected unipotent algebraic (affine) group defined over a perfect field $k$. Then $G$ is $k$-isomorphic as an algebraic $k$-variety to the affine space $\mathbb A^n_k$. Is there any ...
11
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2answers
656 views

Is there a scheme parametrizing the closed subgroups of an algebraic group?

In the following, let $G=\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$ or $G=\operatorname{\mathbb PGL}_n(\mathbb{C})$, depending on whichever has a better chance of yielding an affirmative answer. One could more ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

conjugacy classes of proper semisimple subgroups in parabolic groups

Is it true that there are only finitely many conjugacy classes of proper semisimple subgroups in a parabolic subgroup which in turn is contained in an semisimple algebraic group? Let $G$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

On Serre's problem regarding the injectivity of Albert-Algebra cohomological invariants

In these Lecture Notes http://molle.fernuni-hagen.de/~loos/jordan/archive/cohinv/cohinv.pdf from 2006 by Garibaldi on page 21. 7.5 there is the following open problem mentioned: Is the map $g_3 ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Reducible reductive Lie subalgebras of so(p,q)

Is it true that $S(O(p) \times O(q))$ is the only proper subgroup of $SO(p,q)$ of full rank acting on the natural representation $\mathbb{R}^{p+q}$ of $SO(p,q)$ that stabilizes a $p$-dimensional ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Reductive subgroup and its derived subgroup with an irreducible represenation

Could you please answer the following question: Let $V$ be a faithful irreducible representation of a connected reductive group $H$ defined over $\mathbb{R}$ Is it true that the derived group of $H$, ...
5
votes
1answer
323 views

Representation theory of the general linear group over a finite prime field

I am re-posting a question I asked on math.se here because I am unsatisfied with the answers I obtained. The irreducible modules of $\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$ over $\mathbb C$ are completely ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

exponential and anisotropic torus

Let $F$ be a local p-adic field and $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $F$, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Let $T$ a maximal anisotropic torus of $G$, split over an etale extension of $F$ ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Optimal definition of “paving by affine spaces”?

Cell decompositions have been used in topology for a long time as a tool in computing cohomology, but the notion in algebraic geometry and arithmetic geometry of paving by affine spaces (or "affine ...
7
votes
1answer
207 views

Meaning of fibration in Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper on affine flag manifolds

Kazhdan and Lusztig's paper "Fixed point varieties on affine flag manifolds" has the following definition on p.143: define inductively a variety $Z$ to be an "almost affine space" if $Z$ is affine or ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

on lifting extensions

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected and $T$ a maximal torus over an algebraically field $k$. We consider a extension $\tilde{T}$ of the maximal torus $T$ by a torus ...
4
votes
2answers
243 views

Is a “central” extension of $\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}$ by $\mathrm{GL}_n$ necessarily split?

Let $m \ge 1$ be an integer, let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, and let $$ 1 \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_n \rightarrow E \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 1 $$ be an extension of ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

endoscopy and simply connectedness

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected over a local field $F$. Let $\hat{G}$ be its Langlands dual, $s$ a semisimple element in $\hat{G}$ and $\hat{H}=\hat{G}_{s}$. ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Generators of the algebra of invariant polynomials on a Lie algebra and the root-space decomposition

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Fix a pair $T\subseteq B\subseteq G$ of a maximal torus and Borel subgroup, and let $\mathfrak{t}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Is $G \rightarrow G/P$ surjective on $K$-points over a local field?

Let $K$ be a local field, $G$ a (connected) reductive $K$-group, and $P \le G$ a parabolic subgroup. Is the map $G(K) \rightarrow (G/P)(K)$ necessarily surjective, and, if so, then why?
1
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2answers
241 views

A question from the proof of affine algebraic group is a linear

In (some version of) the proof of the fact that any affine algebraic group is a linear algebraic group, there is an important step as follows (for example in Borel's book "Linear Algebraic Groups", ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

On unramified p-adic groups

Let G be a reductive group over a local field F. Let O be the ring of integers of F. The following are equivalent (and groups satisfying these conditions are called unramified): (a) G is quasisplit ...
2
votes
2answers
251 views

Compact elements in $G(K)$ for a reductive group $G$ over a nonarchimedean local field $K$

Let $K$ be a nonarchimedean local field and $G$ a (connected) reductive group over $K$, so that $G(K)$ carries a natural topology. An element $g \in G(K)$ is compact if it is contained in a compact ...
9
votes
1answer
455 views

Are there noncommutative extensions of $\alpha_p$ by $\mathbb{G}_m$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p > 0$ (algebraically closed, if you want; that doesn't make a difference). Consider a finite type $k$-group scheme $E$ that is a (central) extension of ...
3
votes
0answers
313 views

polynomials with roots on the unit circle

Suppose $P(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is irreducible, and such that at least one of its roots has modulus $1.$ Is there anything we can say about the reduction of $P(x)$ modulo primes? Do these have some ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

algebraic groups over non-archimedean local fields acting on buildings

I was wondering could anyone tell me a reference for the fact that an absolutely quasi-simple algebraic group over a non-archimedean local field which is centreless and non-compact acts faithfully and ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

On the reductive group [closed]

I know that the automorphic representation can be defined only for reductive algebraic group. What property of algebriac group makes it hinder to define for all algebraic group and what nice property ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

Smooth and $GL(n)$-equivariant implies algebraic?

Context: Let $B_n$ be the space of symmetric bilinear forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_n\subset B_n$ be the subset of non-degenerate forms of Lorentzian signature $(-,+,\ldots,+)$. Let $T$ be a finite ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Intuition for the structure theorem for connected solvable algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic

In the theory of algebraic groups one of the fundamental results is the structure theorem for connected solvable groups. I never understood the proof in any of the standard textbooks, so I just moved ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Can any reductive $k$-group be written as a semidirect product of $k$-linear groups?

This might be an easy question for the experts, so I apologise in advance. By a reductive group over a field $k$, I mean a linear algebraic group (not necessarily connected) such that the unipotent ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Irreducible action of an algebraic group

Is the following claim true?: Let $G$ be an algebraic group such that $G^\circ$ is reductive. Suppose $G$ acts irreducibly on $V$. Is it true that $V$ is decomposed (written as direct sum) into ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Can we classify reductive group schemes over curves

Let $C$ be a smooth quasi-projective connected curve over the complex numbers. Can one classify all reductive group schemes over $C$? Certainly, you have the trivial ones (coming from pulling-back ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Maximal subgroups of indefinite special orthogonal group SO(p,q)

Can someone answer the following question: Is there any classification of maximal proper Zariski-closed real subgroups of $SO(p,q)$ which are not parabolic, and satisfy the following conditions: ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Reference for finite number of Weyl groups of reductive groups of rank $r$

I'm posting this question on behalf of someone without access to mathoverflow: Can anybody give me a reliable reference (not a proof) to the following statement? Up to isomorphism, there are only ...
4
votes
0answers
170 views

Tannaka categories and reductive groups

The group associated to a Tannaka category $T$ over a field is pro-reductive if and only if $T$ is semi-simple. Pro-reductive groups make sense over any scheme. Is there an extension of the theory ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Pulling back quasi-coherent sheaves from a quotient stack

In a problem I am trying to solve, the following situation occurs. $X$ is a smooth variety and $G$ is a reductive group acting transitively on $X$. We have the stack $X/G$ and a morphism $\pi : X \to ...
9
votes
3answers
330 views

Maximal compact subgroup of p-adic lie groups

Let $k$ be a number field and $S$ be a finite set of places of $k$. Let $G$ be a connected semisimple algebraic group over $k$. Let $k_S=\prod_{v\in S}k_v$ where $k_v$ is the completion of $k$ at $v$. ...
6
votes
1answer
255 views

An inequality on representations and subgroups of general linear groups over finite field

Let $q$ be a power of $p$, let $l$ be a prime different from $p$, and let $H_1$ and $H_2$ be two subgroups of $GL_n(\mathbb F_q)$ that are $l$-groups. If for all characteristic $0$ representations ...
2
votes
2answers
196 views

Openness of finite index subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\prod O_v)$

Let $K$ be a global field and set $O := \prod_{v\nmid \infty} O_v$ where $v$ runs over the finite places of $K$. Equip $\mathrm{GL}_n(O) = \prod_v \mathrm{GL}_n(O_v)$ with the product of the $v$-adic ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Compactness of adelic quotients for unipotent groups over global fields

Let $K$ be a global field, $\mathbb{A}_K$ the ring of adeles, and $U$ a unipotent algebraic group over $K$. Why is $U(\mathbb{A}_K)/U(K)$, when endowed with the quotient topology, compact?