Algebraic varieties with group operations given by morphisms, or group objects in the category of algebraic varieties, the category of algebraic schemes, or closely related categories.

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2
votes
1answer
93 views

If a Weyl element preserves a root, then it has a representative which preserves the root space?

Let $G$ be a reductive group defined over a field $F$. Let $\Sigma$ be the set of roots of $G$ with respect to a Borel subgroup $B=TU$ with torus $T$. Let $W=N_G(T)/T$ be the Weyl group of $G$. For $\...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

Does every cocompact lattice admit a homomorphism (with infinite image) into a compact Lie group?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact arithmetic lattice in a semisimple algebraic group. Does it admit a homomorphism $\Gamma \to K$ with infinite image into a compact real Lie group $K$?
12
votes
1answer
479 views

Is the wonderful compactification of a spherical homogeneous variety always projective?

Let $G/H$ be a spherical homogeneous variety, where $G$ is a complex semisimple group. Assume that the subgroup $H$ is self-normalizing, i.e., $\mathcal{N}_G(H)=H$. Then by results of Brion and Pauer ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Constructing groups of Type E7 with certain Tits Index

In a new survey on $E_8$, namely Skip Garibaldi - E8 the most exceptional group , the author gives an example (Example 8.4., page 15) on how to construct a group of type E8 with a prescribed Tits-...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

representing base changes of the unit section

Let $S$ be a scheme and $G$ be a sheaf in groups on the big étale site over $S$. Let $e:S\rightarrow G$ be the unit section. Is it true that given an algebraic space in groups $H$, étale over $S$, and ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Centreless semisimple Lie group that is not real algebraic

Let $G$ be a connected semisimple Lie group with trivial centre and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. The adjoint representation of $G$ defines an isomorphism of $G$ onto the connected component of the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What's the symplectic form preserved by a rational representation of a semisimple group

Let $\mathbb{H}_1$, $\mathbb{H}_2$ be two quaternion algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $G_1 = SL_1(\mathbb{H}_1)$, $G_2 =SL_1(\mathbb{H}_2)$. Over $\mathbb{C}$, $G_1\sim G_2 \sim SL_2(\mathbb{C})$. I'm ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Centralizer action on components of Springer fibers

Let $G$ be a complex adjoint group. Let $u\in G$ be unipotent. The group $A(u):=\pi_0(Z_G(u))$ acts on the set of components of the Springer fiber $\mathcal{B}_u$, the variety of Borel subgroups that ...
11
votes
2answers
370 views

Affine GIT is an open map?

Let $k$ be a field, $X= \text{Spec}\,A$ be an affine scheme, with $A$ a finitely generated $k$-algebra. $G=\text{Spec}\,R$ is a linearly reductive group acting rationally on A, i.e. every element of $...
2
votes
0answers
142 views

Irreducible representations containing simple actions of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group and let $\rho: G \longrightarrow \mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ be a faithful irreducible representation of $G$ with $n \geq 3$. Suppose that $G$ contains a copy ...
1
vote
2answers
160 views

How to prove that $A$ is supersingular iff the Picard number $\rho(A)$ is equal to the second $l$-adic Betti number $b_2(A) = 6$?

Let $A$ be an abelian surface over algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p > 2$. How to prove that $A$ is supersingular (in other words, there is an isogeny between $A$ and $E^2$, where ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Chow ring of an algebraic group for another equivalence relation than rational

For $G$ a split algebraic group of arbitrary Dynkin typ, the Chow ring with rational equivalence and $\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$, for $p$ some torsion prime of $G$, is well known and will be denoted as ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Can we write an element in a super Grassmannian as a pair of matrices?

Super Grassmannians are introduced by Manin, see for example. Elements in a grassmannian can be written as matrices, see for example. Can we write an element in a super Grassmannian as a pair of ...
11
votes
2answers
507 views

Groups of matrices in which all elements have all eigenvalues equal in modulus

I am writing a research article in which I need to use the following fact: if $G$ is a subgroup of $GL_3(\mathbb{R})$ which is irreducible in the sense that no proper nontrivial subspace of $\mathbb{R}...
7
votes
1answer
329 views

Quasi-split tori and algebraic groups

Let $k$ be a perfect field. Recall that an algebraic torus $T$ over $k$ is called quasi-split if there exists some finite étale $k$-algebra $A$ such that $$T \cong \mathrm{R}_{A/k} \mathbb{G}_m.$$ A ...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Is it known whether every symmetric pair of finite groups of Lie type is a Gelfand pair?

A pair of groups $(G,H)$ is called a symmetric pair if $H$ is the group of fixed points of an involutive automorphism of $G$, for example $(GL(2n,\mathbb{F}_q),Sp(2n,\mathbb{F_q}))$ is a symmetric ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Hasse principle for rational times square

Does a Hasse principle hold for the property of being a rational times a square ? Let $a \in \mathbb{K}$ be an element of a number field. Assume that at every place $\mathbb{K}_v$ of $\mathbb{K}$, $a$...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Representation equivalent lattices

Suppose $G$ is a absolutely almost simple algebraic groups over a number field $K$. Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be two lattices in $G(K)$. Then $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are said to be ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Normalizer of non-split tori

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a connected reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $G:=\mathbb{G}(\mathbb{C}(\!(t)\!))$. Let $T$ be a maximal torus in $G$. Question: What do we know about the normalizer $N_G(T)$...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Product of Bruhat Cells

Fix a $(B,N)$ pair (Tits system) of a semisimple Lie group $G$. Let $u$ and $v$ be two Weyl group elements such that $l(uv)=l(u)+l(v)$. It is known that $BuvB=(BuB)(BvB)$ (see for example Humphreys's ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

representability of a certain extension of group algebraic spaces

Let S be a scheme. Suppose we have sheaves in abelian groups $A,B,C$ over the big étale site of $S$. Suppose that $A$ and $C$ are representable by algebraic spaces in groups locally of finite type ...
4
votes
0answers
222 views

étale cohomology of rings of integers of number fields and Shafarevich-Tate groups

Let $K$ be a number field, $A$ an abelian variety over $K$. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the ring of integers of $K$, $\mathcal{A}$ the Néron model abelian scheme of $A$ over $\text{Spec}(\mathcal{O})$. For ...
14
votes
1answer
352 views

Does the ring $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ of Laurent polynomials over $\mathbb{Z}$ satisfy $SL_2(R) = E_2(R)$?

Let $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ be the ring of Laurent polynomials on one indeterminate over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $E_2(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_2(R)$ generated by the matrices that differ from the ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

Is the class of commutative generalized Euclidean rings stable under quotient and localization?

Let $R$ be an associative ring with indentity and let $E_n(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_n(R)$ generated by matrices obtained from the identity matrix by replacing an off-diagonal entry by some $r∈R$. ...
12
votes
2answers
515 views

1-st cohomology of multiplicative group in a vector space

Let $\mathbb k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ and let $\mathbb k_n$ be a 1-dimensional representation of $\mathbb k^\times$, where the action is given by $t\circ v= t^n v$. Is it known what are the ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Correspondence between dual center and linear characters of finite reductive group

Let $(G,F)$ be a connected reductive group defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ via the Frobenius $F$ and let $(G^*,F^*)$ be a group in duality with $(G,F)$ with respect to rational maximal tori $T \subseteq G$...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Do all reductive group schemes over semilocal rings admit finite-dimensional free faithful representations?

The definition of a reductive group scheme is as in SGA III. Frankly, I only know that they exist for the adjoint group (the adjoint representation). In SGA III, I could only find a result for general ...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

Algebraic points of uniformly bounded degree on an algebraic variety

Let $k$ be a perfect field, and let $\bar k$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$. Let $\overline{X}$ be a nonempty smooth algebraic variety over $\bar k$. Does there exist a natural number $d=d(\...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

Characters of simply connected semsimple algebraic groups over local fields

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Then by definition $G$ admits no non-trivial algebraic characters, i.e. homomorphisms $G \to \mathbb{G}_m$. However, it is quite possible ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

A more precise description of conjugation of semi-simple subgroups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}$, I would like to find an integer $d>0$ only depending on $G$ with the following property. For any two semi-simple $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroups $...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

About the conjugation of semi-simple subgroups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{Q}$, I would like to find an integer $d>0$ only depending on $G$ with the following property. For any two semi-simple $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroups $...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

Adjoint semi-simple algebraic groups over non-algebraically closed fields

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and let $G$ be an adjoint semi-simple algebraic group over $k$. On p34 of the paper "Sansuc - Groupe de Brauer et arithmétique des groupes algébriques ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

cubic forms and finiteness of $k^*/(k^*)^3$

In some recent computation I came across certain cubic forms and was wondering about analogue of following result for quadratic forms. If $k^*/(k^*)^2$ is finite then there are only finitely many ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Epimorphisms between affine group schemes

Does there exist a simple characterization of epimorphisms between affine group schemes over a field ? Are they faithfully flat morphisms ?
4
votes
1answer
61 views

reduced norm from degree 3 division algebra

Let $D$ be a degree $3$ division algebra over a field $k$ of char not 2 and 3. Any such division algebra is cyclic. I am interested in knowing the cases when the reduced norm map $Nrd : D^* \...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

How to write the map $ℂ[G/U]↪ℂ[B]$ explicitly?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group and $B$ a Borel subgroup of $G$. Let $T$ be a maximal torus of $G$ contained in $B$. The $B=UT=TU$ for some unipotent subgroup $U$ of $G$. We have Bruhat ...
7
votes
2answers
314 views

Examples to keep in mind while reading the book 'The Admissible Dual…' by Bushnell and Kutzko and the importance of Interwining of representations

I am a beginner in the field of representation theory. I was reading the book 'The Admissible Dual of $GL(N)$ Via Compact Open Subgroups' by Bushnell and Kutzko. Let me first describe the book a ...
1
vote
3answers
499 views

Perverse sheaves and tensor product

If $X$ is a connected algebraic variety of finite type over $k$ (with $k$ a field of positive characteristic) of dimension $d$, and if $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ are perverse sheaves on $X$ so $(\...
9
votes
0answers
206 views

Rationality of a certain real algebraic variety

Let $A_n$ denote the vector space of $n\times n$ antisymmetric matrices over ${\mathbb{Q}}$, where $n$ is even. Let $A_n^*\subset A_n$ denote the affine ${\mathbb{Q}}$-subvariety of invertible ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any semi-...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Extension property for unipotent linear groups over rings

This is my first question, so my apologies if it is too simple/poorly motivated. During the course of some recent research I came across a particular variant of the following problem. Let $G$ ...
1
vote
0answers
210 views

How to check that an ideal of $\mathbb{C}[GL_n]$ is a coideal or not?

Let $I$ be an ideal of $\mathbb{C}[GL_n]$. Are there effective methods or software to check whether $I$ is a coideal or not? Thank you very much. For example, let I be the ideal of $\mathbb{C}[GL_3]$ ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Notation clash between a representation and spectral radius

I am currently writing a paper where I need talk both about a representation of a semisimple Lie group (usually denoted by $\rho$), and about spectral radii of linear maps (also usually denoted by $\...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

How to compute the tangent space of a quotient by a finite group

Let $I\subseteq R:=\mathbb C[x_0,\ldots,x_n]$ be a homogeneous ideal defining a subscheme $X\subseteq\Bbb P^n$. As in my previous question, the permutation group $\mathfrak S_{n+1}$ acts on $R$ by ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Tangent spaces of an indecomposable family of abelian varieties (parametrized by a Hodge type Shimura variety)

Let $G$ be a $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroup of $\mathrm{GSp}_{2g}$, reductive and defines a Shimura subdatum of $(\mathrm{GSp}_{2g},\mathfrak{H}_g)$. Let $V$ be the natural representation of $\mathrm{GSp}_{2g}$...
5
votes
3answers
255 views

structure of maximal tori in semisimple algebraic groups

I feel experts might be able to answer this question immediately. Let $G$ be a connected $\mathbb Q$-simple and $\mathbb Q$-isotropic algebraic group. Let $S$ be a maximal $\mathbb Q$-split torus ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Is Koszulity equivalent to the Lusztig character formula holding?

Let $\pi$ denote a saturated set of weights. Let $S_q(\pi)$ denote the associated generalised $q$-Schur algebra. I was wondering if the following claim is true: Claim: The algebra $S_q(\pi)$ is ...
30
votes
1answer
888 views

Roadmap to Geometric Representation Theory (leading to Langlands)?

I believe there has been at least one question similar to this one and yet I still think this particular question deserves to have a thread of its own. I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by stuff ...
10
votes
1answer
188 views

commutators in upper triangular matrices

Consider the group $T_p(n)$ of all non-singular upper triangular matrices with entries in $\mathbb{F}_p.$ Its commutator subgroup is $U_p(n)$ (all elements in $T_p(n)$ with $1$s on the main diagonal). ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...