**31**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Polynomials with the same values set on the unit circle

Assume that $P(z)$, $Q(z)$ are complex polynomials such that $P(S)=Q(S)$, where $S=\{z\colon |z|=1\}$ (equality is understood in the sense of sets, but I do not know the answer even for multisets). ...

**31**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Curves which are not covers of P^1 with four branch points

The following interesting question came up in a discussion I was having with Alex Wright.
Suppose given a branched cover C -> P^1 with four branch points. It's not hard to see that the field of ...

**29**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$.
Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...

**28**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Mumford conjecture: Heuristic reasons? Generalizations? … Algebraic geometry approaches?

The Mumford conjecture states that for each integer $n$, we have: the map $\mathbb{Q}[x_1,x_2,\dots] \to H^\ast(M_g ; \mathbb{Q})$ sending $x_i$ to the kappa class $\kappa_i$, is an isomorphism in ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### The work of E. Artin and F. K. Schmidt on (what are now called) the Weil conjectures.

I was reading Dieudonne's "On the history of the Weil conjectures" and found two things that surprised me. Dieudonne makes some assertions about the work of Artin and Schmidt which are no doubt ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Do all curves have Néron models

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $K$. Assume that $g\geq 2$.
Does there exist a Néron model $\mathcal X$ for $X$ over $O_K$?
By a Néron model, I mean ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is every curve birational to a smooth affine plane curve?

Is every curve over $\mathbf{C}$ birational to a smooth affine plane curve?
Bonnie Huggins asked me this question back in 2003, but neither I nor the few people I passed it on to were able to answer ...

**22**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry

I'm taking introductory courses in both Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry this term. I was surprised to hear that any compact Riemann surface is a projective variety. Apparently deeper links ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

801 views

### A historical question: Hurwitz, Luroth, Clebsch, and the connectedness of $\mathcal{M}_g$

The connectedness of the moduli space $\mathcal{M}_g$ of complex algebraic curves of genus $g$ can be proven by showing that it is dominated by a Hurwitz space of simply branched d-fold covers of the ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Does there exist a curve of degree 11 having 15 triple points?

Does there exist an irreducible curve of degree 11 in the projective plane which would have 15 triple points?
For information, such a curve would be rational, if it exists, and would be smooth at ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Which curves can be found on Abelian varieties ?

We know tha each genus 2 curve is embedded into its degree 1 Jacobian.
Under which conditions on $C$, $A$, $g$ and $n$ is it possible for a genus $g$ smooth curve $C$ to be embedded in an Abelian ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

717 views

### Tame morphism from a curve to $\mathbb{P}^1$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p\ge 0$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$. Is it possible to find a map $C \to \mathbb{P}^1$ that is tamely ramified at every ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A good example of a curve for geometric Langlands

I'm currently working through Frenkel's beautiful paper:
http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/hep-th/pdf/0512/0512172v1.pdf.
I'm looking for a good example of a projective curve to get my hands dirty, and go ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### History of the connection between Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves

As noted in the question "Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry", there are strong connections between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry - for example, compact Riemann surfaces ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

627 views

### Do mapping classes have gonality?

(This question was discussed by people at the PCMI workshop on moduli spaces, without any clear resolution, so I thought I'd throw it open to MO.)
The hyperelliptic mapping class group is (by ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Riemann surfaces: explicit algebraic equations

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a nice discrete subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ such that the genus of the Riemann surface $\mathbb{H}/\Gamma$ is larger than 1. We know that this Riemann surface is also an ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

500 views

### Does every hyperbolic curve over a finite field have an etale cover with a real Frobenius eigenvalue?

More precisely: let X/F_q be a smooth projective algebraic curve of genus at least 2. Does there always exist a curve Y/F_{q^d} with a finite etale projection Y -> X, such that one of the Frobenius ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

876 views

### New(?) reciprocity law

Consider three functions $f, g$ and $h$ on a smooth curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$.
I have found the following equality:
$$\sum (res(f\frac{dg}{g})\frac{dh}{h}-res(f\frac{dh}{h})\frac{dg}{g})=0.$$
Here ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Does the moduli space of genus three curves contain a complete genus two curve

Inspired by the question
Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve
and its amazing answers, I ask (pure out of curiosity) whether the moduli space $M_3$ of (smooth ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When does the Torelli Theorem hold?

The Torelli theorem states that the map $\mathcal{M}_g(\mathbb{C})\to \mathcal{A}_g(\mathbb{C})$ taking a curve to its Jacobian is injective. I've seen a couple of proofs, but all seem to rely on the ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$

I have a question about vector bundles on the algebraic surface $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$. My motivation is the splitting theorem of Grothendieck, which says that every algebraic vector bundle ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### What is the Euler characteristic of a Hilbert scheme of points of a singular algebraic curve?

Let $X$ be a smooth surface of genus $g$ and $S^nX$ its n-symmetrical product (that is, the quotient of $X \times ... \times X$ by the symmetric group $S_n$). There is a well known, cool formula ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Curves with negative self intersection in the product of two curves

I wonder if the following is known: Are there two compact curves C1 and C2 of genus>1 defined over complex numbers, such that their product contains infinite number of irreducible curves of negative ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are curves with `fractional points' uniquely determined by their residual gerbes?

One makes precise the vague notion of "curve with a fractional point removed" (see for instance these slides) using stacks -- one should really consider Deligne-Mumford stacks whose coarse spaces are ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Why is a general curve automorphism-free?

Fix an algebraically closed field $k$. Why is the general curve over $k$ of genus $g \ge 3$ automorphism-free?
I am particularly interested in seeing an argument that does not go by induction and ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

959 views

### What is the minimal degree of a smooth projective embedding of a hyperelliptic curve?

(partly motivated by this question, but different: Degree of a Variety)
For a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus $g$ (over an algebraically closed field of characteristic not two) what is the smallest $...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

894 views

### Injective morphism from curves to $\mathbb CP^2$

Is there a smooth compact complex curve that does not admit an injective holomorphic map to $\mathbb CP^2$ ? Let me stress, that the image of the curve in $\mathbb CP^2$ can have singularities.
I ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Curves which do not dominate other curves

Let $g>1$ be an integer. Does there exist a (smooth projective) genus g curve $X$ which doesn`t dominate a curve of positive genus and genus smaller than $g$?
Surely such curves exist. Just take a ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

544 views

### Arithmetic and moduli spaces of higher genus curves

Modular curves (as moduli of elliptic curves with level structure) play a key role in the study of the arithmetic of elliptic curves. The higher genus curves have very different arithmetic, but I ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

532 views

### Degrees of maps from curves to $\mathbb P^1$

Let $a$ and $b$ be two relatively prime natural numbers. What is the largest number $c$ such that there is a curve with maps to $\mathbb P^1$ of degree $a$ and $b$ but no map to $\mathbb P^1$ of ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

256 views

### Infinitely many curves with isogenous Jacobians

Let $g\geq 4$. Are there infinitely many compact genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with (mutually) isogenous Jacobians?
Does the situation change in positive characteristic?

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Non-dominant polynomial maps in the plane

Let $P(x,y), Q(x,y)$ be polynomials of two variables over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose that the map $(x,y) \mapsto (P(x,y),Q(x,y))$ is not a dominant map from $k^2$ to $k^2$. Does this ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Construction of the determinant line bundle on the degree $g-1$ Picard variety

Consider $J^{g-1}$, the variety of degree $g-1$ line bundles on a compact Riemann surface of genus $g$. Recall that $J^{g-1}$ is a torsor for the Jacobian, thus has dimension $g$. We can produce ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

577 views

### Image of projective 1-space contained in projective 1-space over a smaller field?

This is inspired by
Does "all points rational" imply "constant" for this "cubic" curve over an arbitrary field? .
Say $K/F$ is a finite separable extension of fields. ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

494 views

### Automorphisms of cartesian products of curves

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve. Is it true that
$$\textrm{Aut}(C\times C)\cong S_2 \ltimes (\textrm{Aut}(C)\times \textrm{Aut}(C))$$
and in case, what would be a reference for this? Thanks.

**11**

votes

**3**answers

675 views

### Extra automorphisms of curves and definability over \bar Q

A generic elliptic curves over C has automorphism group of order 2. The elliptic curves with extra automorphisms are C/Z[i] (automorphism group of order 4) and C/Z[w] where w is a primitive 3rd root ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is the Torelli map an immersion?

The Torelli map $\tau\colon M_g \to A_g$ sends a curve C to its Jacobian (along with the canonical principal polarization associated to C); see this question for a description which works for families....

**11**

votes

**2**answers

979 views

### Permuting collinear points on a curve

Let $C \subset {\bf CP}^2$ be an irreducible algebraic smooth (projectively) planar curve over the complex numbers of degree $d$ (we allow finitely many points to be deleted from $C$ to make it smooth)...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

479 views

### Why does the parameterization (F:F':1) happen?

1) To parameterize the conic $x^2+y^2=1$, we can use $(x,y)=(\sin t,\sin't)$ ($\sin'$ meaning the derivative of $\sin$, namely $\cos$).
2) To parameterize an elliptic curve $y^2=4x^3-g_2x-g_3$, we ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

690 views

### A curve with bad reduction for which the jacobian has good reduction

Let $K$ be a number field. If $X$ is a curve over $K$ with good reduction at a place $v$ of $K$, then the Jacobian of $X$ also has good reduction at $v$. This follows from the functoriality of the ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Can a curve intersect a given curve only at given points?

Clearly the question in the title has a positive answer for analytic (or smooth, or continuous ...) curves, but what about the algebraic category? More specifically, given an irreducible polynomial ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Realizing D_8 as a Galois group over C(x) with prescribed decomposition groups

Coming up with examples of $D_8$-covers of $\mathbb{C}(x)$ is easy. For example:
$Quot(\mathbb{C}(x)[y,z]/(y^2=x(x-7), z^4=(y+\sqrt{-6})^2(y-\sqrt{-6})^2(y+\sqrt{-10})(-y+\sqrt{-10})^3))$
defines a $...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Intuition for thinking about $R$-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations?

Suppose $k$ is a field of characteristic zero, and $R$ is a $k$-algebra. The $R$-module of Kähler differentials $\Omega_{R/k}$ of $R$ over $k$ with generators $\{dr\}_{r \in R}$ is the module subject ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

467 views

### Complex curves covered by smooth plane curves

Question: Is it true that for every smooth compact complex curve $C$ there exists a smooth curve $C'$ in $\mathbb CP^2$ that admits a non-trivial morphism (i.e. holomorphic map) $C'\to C$?
Motivation....

**11**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that $H^{...

**10**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Gromov-Witten theory and compactifications of the moduli of curves

Why, from a string theory perspective, is it natural to consider the Deligne-Mumford (resp. Kontsevich) compactification of the moduli of curves (resp. maps [from curves to a target space X]) rather ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

588 views

### Proving that a generic variety with ample canonical bundle has no automorphisms

Let $X$ be a smooth projective connected variety over the complex numbers with ample canonical bundle. If $X$ is generic and $\dim X \leq1$, the automorphism group of $X$ is trivial, see for instance
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

774 views

### Rigorous version of heuristic argument for genus-degree formula?

A recent MO question about non-rigorous reasoning reminded me of something I've wondered about for some time.
The genus–degree formula says that genus $g$ of a nonsingular projective plane curve of ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

477 views

### Quotient of a smooth curve by a finite group and differentials

Let $X$ be a proper smooth connected curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose that $X$ is equipped with a $k$-linear action of a finite group $G$. It makes sense ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

929 views

### Families of curves for which the Belyi degree can be easily bounded

I know (edit: three) families of smooth projective connected curves over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$ for which the Belyi degree is not hard to bound from above.
The modular curves $X(n)$. They are ...