**13**

votes

**0**answers

533 views

### Degrees of maps from curves to $\mathbb P^1$

Let $a$ and $b$ be two relatively prime natural numbers. What is the largest number $c$ such that there is a curve with maps to $\mathbb P^1$ of degree $a$ and $b$ but no map to $\mathbb P^1$ of ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Infinitely many curves with isogenous Jacobians

Let $g\geq 4$. Are there infinitely many compact genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with (mutually) isogenous Jacobians?
Does the situation change in positive characteristic?

**11**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that $H^{...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### Kähler differentials, intuition behind $\text{div}(\omega)$, canonical divisor on algebraic curves?

See my two previous questions here: Intuition for thinking about R-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations? and Kähler differentials, define valuation? for background.
If $\...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### Where is the representability of the moduli of curves with framed points proved?

There is a variant of the Knudsen-Mumford moduli problem $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ of pointed curves, where one endows the $n$ marked points with non-zero tangent vectors. It shows up in the theory of ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

375 views

### Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$.
Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside $S$?...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

481 views

### Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

233 views

### Are curves over imperfect fields defined over a smaller field?

Let $C$ be regular projective curve defined over a field $K$. Let $K/L$ be a totally inseparable finite extension. Does there exist a regular projective curve $C'$ over $L$ such that that the pullback ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### Map of the Klein quartic from $CP^2$ to $R^3$

The Klein quartic $\mathcal{Q}$ is cut out of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ by the homogeneous equation $$x^3 y + y^3 z + z^3 x = 0.$$ It has 168 orientation preserving automorphisms and includes several copies of ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

335 views

### The curve $(x+y+z)^3=27xyz$

Can someone point me to literature about the curve defined by $F(x,y,z):=(x+y+z)^3-27xyz$? I'm sure this curve must be well-studied, due to the remarkable property that
$$
F(x^3,y^3,z^3) = \prod_{\...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

487 views

### Elementary proof of the Hurwitz formula

I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective non-...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$.
How precisely can one describe ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### Defining equations for hyperelliptic Jacobians in a neighbourhood of the identity

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g \ge 2$ over a field $k$ (of characteristic not 2, 3 or 5, if you like, but could be positive in general). Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$, thought of as $\...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### sheaves on thickened nodal cubics

Suppose F is an algebraically closed field (of any characteristic) and that h in F[x,y,z]
is an irreducible cubic form defining a plane curve C with a node. A lot is known about
sheaves on C; for ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### Motivic fundamental group of the moduli space of curves?

Suppose I have a smooth projective family of varieties of varieties over $\mathcal M_g$ - i.e. a universal functor, commuting with deformations, from curves to smooth projective varieties. Can I ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

281 views

### Global sections for a locally free sheaf over curves

Let $B$ be a complete algbraic curve of genus $g$, and $\mathcal{E}$ be a semi-stable locally free sheaf of rank $r$ over $B$. Assume that the slope of $\mathcal{E}$ is $\mu(\mathcal E):=\frac{\deg \...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

532 views

### Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq m_1^2+m_2^2+\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Counting plane curves over various fields

Fix two integers $d$ and $g$. The number of genus $g$ and degree $d$ curves passing through $3d+g-1$ generic points on the complex projective plane is finite and doesn't depend on the choice of points....

**6**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Relations among Hodge classes?

Let $\pi : C_g \to M_g$ be the universal curve over the moduli stack of genus $g$ curves. Let $\omega_\pi$ be the relative canonical bundle. Then $\mathbb{H} := \pi_\ast \omega_\pi$ is a rank $g$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Is this method of finding a “dual curve” correct?

I have a very limited exposure to projective geometry, but I'm having fun exploring the concept of duality. In particular I'd like to know if this naive method of finding a "dual" curve to a given ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$.
Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Can the hyperbolic core of a curve over $\mathbb Q$ be defined over $\mathbb Q$ as an algebraic stack

Here is a question I've been wondering about for a while. Currently it is mere curiosity and I do not have any direct applications in mind.
Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective geometrically ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

258 views

### Non-hyperelliptic families of curves with trivial Ceresa class (or Gross-Schoen class)

Suppose X/K is a curve over a field K, which we want to think of as non-algebraically closed, and let x be a point of X(K). The Ceresa cycle is defined as follows; you can embed X in Jac(X) by sending ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Strengthening of Suslin's rigidity argument?

To fix the situation, let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$. Suslin's rigidity argument implies in particular that any class in $K_i(k(C),\mathbb{...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine?
I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Cohomology and deformations of moduli of vector bundles

I believe that the following is well-known, but I cannot find a reference
in the literature...
Let $X$ be a smooth variety (in our case $X = M^s(r)$ coarse moduli space of stable rank $r$ vector ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### A question about complex plane algebraic curves

I would like to ask a question about plane projective curves. Let $C\subset{\mathbb P}_2={\mathbb P}(V)$ be a plane curve of degree $n\geq 3$. Then we have a non splitted exact sequence
$$0\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Intuition behind if neither $D$ nor $K-D$ are equivalent to an effective divisor, then $\deg(D) = g-1$?

Is there any intuition behind the following fact?
If neither $D$ nor $K-D$ are equivalent to an effective divisor, then $\deg(D) = g-1$.
Here, $K$ is the canonical divisor. It means the degrees ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Example of a genus-1 degree-7 plane curve

I am wondering if anyone knows how to construct an explicit example of an irreducible plane curve of degree 7 with 14 double points. Such a curve would have genus 1.
One can show that for a general ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume
that $K$ has class number one.
Consider the following infinite set:
$S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Deligne-Mumford moduli spaces and compactification of symmetric matrices

The real Deligne-Mumford moduli space $\bar M_{0,n+1}(\mathbb R)$ of stable genus
zero curves with $n+1$ marked points is a compactification of the space of
configurations of $n$ distinct ordered ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

219 views

### Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer.
Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$?
I want to exclude finite etale ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

303 views

### On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields).
Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

318 views

### Igusa-Clebsch invariants

I am looking for a good reference for definitions and basic properties of the Igusa-Clebsch invariants for curves of genus $2$ (especially, but not only, in positive characteristic).

**4**

votes

**0**answers

594 views

### Soft proof of multiplicity one for character groups of Shimura curves?

Is it not possible to prove mutiplicity one type statements for character groups of quaternionic Shimura curves by simply using Raynaud's description for character groups at primes dividing the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Why define curves over perfect fields?

One may define a curve (e.g. separated scheme of finite type of dim. 1) over an algebraically closed field, as done in Hartshorne's book. A weaker assumption, which is used commonly, is to define a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### What happens to the gonality under a finite morphism of curves

Let $f:C\longrightarrow C'$ be a finite degree 2 morphism of smooth projective curves. If the gonality$(C')=k$, then we can say that the gonality$(C)\leq 2k$. Under what conditions is the gonality ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### About the difference variety of a curve

What is known about the singularity of the difference variety of a smooth curve $C$ of genus g>2? The difference variety is $C-C :=\{\mathcal{O}(p-q)| p,q\in C\} \subset Pic^0C$.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Families of trigonal curves with hyperelliptic limit

Suppose I have a family of trigonal curves $C\to D$ over a closed disk $D$ where the central fiber $C_0$ is hyperelliptic (this is of course possible since the hyperelliptic locus is in the closure of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### A question about Weil restriction

Let $\pi:\tilde{C}\rightarrow C$ be a ramified cover between two smooth curves. And consider a group scheme $\mathcal G$ over $\tilde{C}$, I have found two definitions for Weil restriction:
$Res_{\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

221 views

### Symmetric power of an etale map of curves

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ an etale morphism of smooth curves over $k$. Let $f^{[n]}\colon X^{[n]} \rightarrow Y^{[n]}$ be the induced morphism on $n$-th ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

353 views

### A Step in the Proof of the Drinfeld-Simpson theorem

I hope that this is the appropriate place for asking about a step I don't understand in a proof which I think is due to a lack of knowledge. This is a step in Drinfeld-Simpson's paper: ``$B$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Criterion for the existence of finite locally free resolution

Let $X$ be a projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$, $S$ be a $k$-scheme, $E$ be a coherent sheaf on $X \times_k S$, flat over $S$. We know that if $X$ is smooth then $E$ has a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### A generalization of the Weil reciprocity law in a case of any two sections of line bundles on a curve

It seems to me that there should exist a generalization of the Weil reciprocity law on curves, where instead of functions one takes arbitrary sections of two line bundles.
More precisely, it might ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### state of the art for kodaira dimension of $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

What is the state of the art about the kodaira dimension (and rationality, unirationality, etc.) of the moduli spaces of $n$-pointed curves of genus $g$? When it is known and when not? It would be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### Stack of vector bundles (on a curve) over a strictly semi-stable point of the moduli space

Consider the stack $Bun_{r,d}^{ss}$ of rank $r$ semi-stable vector bundle of degree $d$ over a fixed curve. There exists also a coarse moduli space $M$ built via GIT. Over the stable locus of $M$ it ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

291 views

### Every curve is a Hurwitz space in infinitely many ways

Diaz, Donagi and Harbater proved that every curve over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ is a Hurwitz space.
A Hurwitz space is a connected component of the curve $H_n$. The curve $H_n$ is (the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Tangent cones to Severi strata

Let $\mathbb{C}[[x,y]]/f(x,y)$ be a reduced plane curve singularity. The base of a versal family can be taken to be (an open subset in) $\Lambda = \mathbb{C}[x,y]/(f,\partial_x f, \partial_y f)$; the ...