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14
votes
0answers
663 views

New(?) reciprocity law

Consider three functions $f, g$ and $h$ on a smooth curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I have found the following equality: $$\sum (res(f\frac{dg}{g})\frac{dh}{h}-res(f\frac{dh}{h})\frac{dg}{g})=0.$$ Here ...
13
votes
0answers
521 views

Degrees of maps from curves to $\mathbb P^1$

Let $a$ and $b$ be two relatively prime natural numbers. What is the largest number $c$ such that there is a curve with maps to $\mathbb P^1$ of degree $a$ and $b$ but no map to $\mathbb P^1$ of ...
11
votes
0answers
208 views

What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...
11
votes
0answers
217 views

Infinitely many curves with isogenous Jacobians

Let $g\geq 4$. Are there infinitely many compact genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with (mutually) isogenous Jacobians? Does the situation change in positive characteristic?
10
votes
0answers
152 views

Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...
10
votes
0answers
352 views

Where is the representability of the moduli of curves with framed points proved?

There is a variant of the Knudsen-Mumford moduli problem $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ of pointed curves, where one endows the $n$ marked points with non-zero tangent vectors. It shows up in the theory of ...
9
votes
0answers
366 views

Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$. Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside ...
9
votes
0answers
453 views

Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...
7
votes
0answers
205 views

Are curves over imperfect fields defined over a smaller field?

Let $C$ be regular projective curve defined over a field $K$. Let $K/L$ be a totally inseparable finite extension. Does there exist a regular projective curve $C'$ over $L$ such that that the pullback ...
7
votes
0answers
319 views

The curve $(x+y+z)^3=27xyz$

Can someone point me to literature about the curve defined by $F(x,y,z):=(x+y+z)^3-27xyz$? I'm sure this curve must be well-studied, due to the remarkable property that $$ F(x^3,y^3,z^3) = ...
7
votes
0answers
442 views

Elementary proof of the Hurwitz formula

I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective ...
7
votes
0answers
152 views

Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$. How precisely can one describe ...
7
votes
0answers
357 views

Defining equations for hyperelliptic Jacobians in a neighbourhood of the identity

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g \ge 2$ over a field $k$ (of characteristic not 2, 3 or 5, if you like, but could be positive in general). Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$, thought of as ...
7
votes
0answers
181 views

sheaves on thickened nodal cubics

Suppose F is an algebraically closed field (of any characteristic) and that h in F[x,y,z] is an irreducible cubic form defining a plane curve C with a node. A lot is known about sheaves on C; for ...
6
votes
0answers
239 views

Global sections for a locally free sheaf over curves

Let $B$ be a complete algbraic curve of genus $g$, and $\mathcal{E}$ be a semi-stable locally free sheaf of rank $r$ over $B$. Assume that the slope of $\mathcal{E}$ is $\mu(\mathcal E):=\frac{\deg ...
6
votes
0answers
511 views

Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...
6
votes
0answers
179 views

Counting plane curves over various fields

Fix two integers $d$ and $g$. The number of genus $g$ and degree $d$ curves passing through $3d+g-1$ generic points on the complex projective plane is finite and doesn't depend on the choice of ...
6
votes
0answers
169 views

Relations among Hodge classes?

Let $\pi : C_g \to M_g$ be the universal curve over the moduli stack of genus $g$ curves. Let $\omega_\pi$ be the relative canonical bundle. Then $\mathbb{H} := \pi_\ast \omega_\pi$ is a rank $g$ ...
5
votes
0answers
147 views

Moduli of stable maps over the integers

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}(X,\beta)$ be the moduli space of stable maps with target a smooth projective variety $X$. For which varieties $X$ and classes $\beta$ is $\overline{M}_{0,n}(X,\beta)$ well ...
5
votes
0answers
147 views

Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...
5
votes
0answers
109 views

Can the hyperbolic core of a curve over $\mathbb Q$ be defined over $\mathbb Q$ as an algebraic stack

Here is a question I've been wondering about for a while. Currently it is mere curiosity and I do not have any direct applications in mind. Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective geometrically ...
5
votes
0answers
142 views

Strengthening of Suslin's rigidity argument?

To fix the situation, let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$. Suslin's rigidity argument implies in particular that any class in ...
5
votes
0answers
183 views

Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine? I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

Example of a genus-1 degree-7 plane curve

I am wondering if anyone knows how to construct an explicit example of an irreducible plane curve of degree 7 with 14 double points. Such a curve would have genus 1. One can show that for a general ...
4
votes
0answers
159 views

Map of the Klein quartic from $CP^2$ to $R^3$

The Klein quartic $\mathcal{X}$ is cut out of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ by the homogeneous equation $$x^3 y + y^3 z + z^3 x = 0.$$ It has 168 orientation preserving automorphisms and includes several copies of ...
4
votes
0answers
215 views

Non-hyperelliptic families of curves with trivial Ceresa class (or Gross-Schoen class)

Suppose X/K is a curve over a field K, which we want to think of as non-algebraically closed, and let x be a point of X(K). The Ceresa cycle is defined as follows; you can embed X in Jac(X) by sending ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume that $K$ has class number one. Consider the following infinite set: $S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...
4
votes
0answers
203 views

Deligne-Mumford moduli spaces and compactification of symmetric matrices

The real Deligne-Mumford moduli space $\bar M_{0,n+1}(\mathbb R)$ of stable genus zero curves with $n+1$ marked points is a compactification of the space of configurations of $n$ distinct ordered ...
4
votes
0answers
189 views

Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer. Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$? I want to exclude finite etale ...
4
votes
0answers
283 views

On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields). Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...
4
votes
0answers
538 views

Soft proof of multiplicity one for character groups of Shimura curves?

Is it not possible to prove mutiplicity one type statements for character groups of quaternionic Shimura curves by simply using Raynaud's description for character groups at primes dividing the ...
3
votes
0answers
151 views

Kähler differentials, intuition behind $\text{div}(\omega)$, canonical divisor on algebraic curves?

See my two previous questions here: Intuition for thinking about R-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations? and Kähler differentials, define valuation? for background. If ...
3
votes
0answers
209 views

Symmetric power of an etale map of curves

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ an etale morphism of smooth curves over $k$. Let $f^{[n]}\colon X^{[n]} \rightarrow Y^{[n]}$ be the induced morphism on $n$-th ...
3
votes
0answers
327 views

A Step in the Proof of the Drinfeld-Simpson theorem

I hope that this is the appropriate place for asking about a step I don't understand in a proof which I think is due to a lack of knowledge. This is a step in Drinfeld-Simpson's paper: ``$B$ ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

state of the art for kodaira dimension of $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

What is the state of the art about the kodaira dimension (and rationality, unirationality, etc.) of the moduli spaces of $n$-pointed curves of genus $g$? When it is known and when not? It would be ...
3
votes
0answers
231 views

Stack of vector bundles (on a curve) over a strictly semi-stable point of the moduli space

Consider the stack $Bun_{r,d}^{ss}$ of rank $r$ semi-stable vector bundle of degree $d$ over a fixed curve. There exists also a coarse moduli space $M$ built via GIT. Over the stable locus of $M$ it ...
3
votes
0answers
257 views

Igusa-Clebsch invariants

I am looking for a good reference for definitions and basic properties of the Igusa-Clebsch invariants for curves of genus $2$ (especially, but not only, in positive characteristic).
3
votes
0answers
260 views

Every curve is a Hurwitz space in infinitely many ways

Diaz, Donagi and Harbater proved that every curve over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ is a Hurwitz space. A Hurwitz space is a connected component of the curve $H_n$. The curve $H_n$ is (the ...
3
votes
0answers
351 views

Positivity of braid monodromy of curve singularities

I recall the notion of braid monodromy. Let $C \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ be an algebraic curve, and choose a projection $\pi: \mathbb{C}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$ such that the restriction $\pi: C \to ...
3
votes
0answers
338 views

Is the strict transform a finite morphism?

Woe is me! I'm again resorting to this forum to ask a silly question. Here is the example I had in mind: observe the (complex) curve $y^3=x^2(x-1)$. In attempt to normalize this curve, I've begun by ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Rational curves through a fixed number of points

Let us fix two positive integers $d$, and $N$. Can we determine a third integer $n$ such that given $n$ general points $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^N$ there exists a unique rational curve of degree $d$ ...
2
votes
0answers
220 views

A question about Weil restriction

Let $\pi:\tilde{C}\rightarrow C$ be a ramified cover between two smooth curves. And consider a group scheme $\mathcal G$ over $\tilde{C}$, I have found two definitions for Weil restriction: ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Locus of line bundles with given base points on a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over an algebraically closed field. If $D$ is an effective divisor on $C$ (let's say reduced to make things easier) of degree $m$ and $d>m$, is the dimension of ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Abel-Prym map for Prym-Tyurin varieties

Let $(J,\Theta)$ be the Jacobian of a smooth projective curve $C$, and let $i:P\hookrightarrow J$ be an abelian subvariety of $J$ such that $i^*\Theta\equiv e\Xi$ for some principal polarization $\Xi$ ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Finite extension of K(x) with extra structure: definable over field of invariants?

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $\sigma$ be an automorphism on $K$. Set $k=K^\sigma$. Consider the rational function field $K(x)$ and extend $\sigma$ to $K(x)$ by $\sigma(x)=x$, ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Criterion for the existence of finite locally free resolution

Let $X$ be a projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$, $S$ be a $k$-scheme, $E$ be a coherent sheaf on $X \times_k S$, flat over $S$. We know that if $X$ is smooth then $E$ has a ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

A generalization of the Weil reciprocity law in a case of any two sections of line bundles on a curve

It seems to me that there should exist a generalization of the Weil reciprocity law on curves, where instead of functions one takes arbitrary sections of two line bundles. More precisely, it might ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

A basic question on complete intersection liaisons of curves

I am a beginner in the Linkage theory and would like to clarify certain points I am not sure of. Let $P$ be the Hilbert polynomial of a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $L$ be an irreducible component of ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Moduli space of sheaves on a ribbon

In the paper "A non-linear deformation of the Hitchin dinamycal system", Donagi-Ein-Lazarsfeld describe the irreducible components of the moduli space $\mathcal M_R$ of stable sheaves of numerical ...
2
votes
0answers
239 views

Beautiful curves in Gromov-Witten theory, and in Donaldson-Thomas theory

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective threefold, and $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$ a curve class. In the Kontsevich's moduli space of stable maps, $\overline M_g(X;\beta)$, a general point $[f:C\to X]$ ...