The algebraic-curves tag has no usage guidance.

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### Singularities of algebraic curves, and torsion in the cotangent space

The problem in the following :
given an algebraic curve $C$, it's well-known that a smooth projective model of $C$ can be construct as the set of discrete valuations $v$ on it's function field ...

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### Fiber of the specialization map of Picard groups

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ of positive characteristic and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $\pi:X_R \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be flat, projective ...

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### Does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point? [closed]

If $k$ is an infinite perfect field and if $f \in k[x, y]$ is nonconstant irreducible, cutting out the affine plane curve $C$, then does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point?

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176 views

### Lattice points near a curve

Bombieri and Pila had a well known bound for the count of lattice points on an algebraic curve in the plane. Does it generalize to a bound for the count of lattice points near (say within a distance ...

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### Quotients of curves of genus $4$ by a free $\mathbb{Z}/ 3 \mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $V_2$ and $V_3$ be the two hypersurfaces of $\mathbb P^3$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
V_2:={x_2x_3 + r(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \quad V_3:={x_2^3+x_3^3+s(x_0, \, x_1)=0},
\end{equation*}
where $r, \, s ...

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### Quadrics cutting out a polygon

Let $l_1,l_2,l_3,l_4,l_5\subset \mathbb P^4_k$ be distinct lines such that $|l_i\cap l_{i+1}|=1$ for all $i\ mod\ 5$ and $l_i\cap l_j\neq \emptyset\iff j=i+1\ mod\ 5$ (so that $\cup_{i=1}^5l_i$ is a ...

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### Polynomials with the same values set on the unit circle

Assume that $P(z)$, $Q(z)$ are complex polynomials such that $P(S)=Q(S)$, where $S=\{z\colon |z|=1\}$ (equality is understood in the sense of sets, but I do not know the answer even for multisets). ...

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### Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$.
We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...

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### Stable vector bundles in Weil's parametrization

Let $C$ be a smooth projective algebraic curve. Isomorphism classes of vector bundles on $C$ are in bijection with $GL_n(F) \backslash GL_n (\mathbb{A}) / GL_n(\mathcal{O})$, I think (one trivalizes ...

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### Is there a covering of Prym variety?

$\mathstrut$Hi, guys!
Let $C$, $C^\prime$ be projective smooth irreducible algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field $k$ ($\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$), $\phi : C$ $\to$ $C^\prime$ a ...

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154 views

### Cohomology and deformations of moduli of vector bundles

I believe that the following is well-known, but I cannot find a reference
in the literature...
Let $X$ be a smooth variety (in our case $X = M^s(r)$ coarse moduli space of stable rank $r$ vector ...

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163 views

### Explicit form of certain polynomials and intersection of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $C, D$ two effective divisors on $X$ intersecting at finitely many points. Is it true that if $C$ and $D$ intersect in ''low'' number ...

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355 views

### Rational points on towers of curves

Let $\ldots \to X_n \to X_{n-1} \to \ldots \to X_0$ be etale maps between smooth projective curves of genera $g(X_n)>1$, all defined over a fixed number field $K$. By Faltings' Theorem, we know ...

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### Quotient of a smooth curve by a finite group and differentials

Let $X$ be a proper smooth connected curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose that $X$ is equipped with a $k$-linear action of a finite group $G$. It makes sense ...

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### Existence of pencils on some special curves of genus 10

Everything over $\Bbb{C}$. Say we have a smooth curve $C$ of genus $10$ which is a double cover of a smooth plane cubic curve. Therefore $C$ admits a 1-dimensional family of pencils of degree 4 ...

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### Are curves with maximal Clifford index Brill-Noether general?

By the Brill-Noether Theorem, a general curve $C$ of genus $g\geq2$ has maximal Clifford index $\lfloor \frac{g-1}{2}\rfloor$. Hence a very naive question is:
(Q1) Is a curve with maximal Clifford ...

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### The gonality of smooth plane curves

I have often seen the assertion that for a smooth plane curve $C$ of degree $d$ the gonality of $C$ is $d-1$ and each gonality pencil is obtained by projection from a point of $C$ onto a line.
(let ...

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156 views

### Rational maps between elliptic curves [closed]

I am studying Silverman's "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" and I got the following question:
In the first chapters he defines rational between projective varieties (see the first definition in ...

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### Galois groups of enumerative problems

Consider Harris's 1979 paper, Galois Groups of Enumerative Problems (see here for the paper itself).
Given a problem in enumerative geometry, there is in addition to the obvious question of finding ...

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### Cubic, divisor of rational function $x/z$? [closed]

Let $k$ be a field, and let $a \neq 0$, $1 \in k$. Let $C = V(y^2z - x(x-z)(x - az))$. What is the divisor of the rational function $\psi([x, y, z]) = x/z \in k(C)$?

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### How to compute the arithmetic genus of a nonreduced curve?

Let $X$ be a nonreduced curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose that the reduced scheme $X^{\rm red}$ associated to $X$ is a smooth projective curve with genus $g$, and $J \subset O_{X}$ ...

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242 views

### Negative degree line bundles over a singular projective curve have no sections?

Let $C$ be a local complete intersection projective curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume that $C$ is integral. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a line bundle on $C$ of negative degree. We know that if $C$ is smooth ...

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### what is the maximum number of rational points of a curve of genus 2 over the rationals

Conjecturally, there exists an integer $n$ such that the number of rational points of a genus $2$ curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ is at most $n$. (This follows from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture.)
We are ...

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156 views

### Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...

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354 views

### Trigonal curves of genus three: can their Galois closure be non-abelian

Let $X$ be a curve of genus three which is not hyperelliptic. Then $X$ is trigonal, i.e., there exists a finite morphism $X \to \mathbf P^1$ of degree $3$.
Let $Y\to X \to \mathbf P^1$ be a Galois ...

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### What happens to the gonality under a finite morphism of curves

Let $f:C\longrightarrow C'$ be a finite degree 2 morphism of smooth projective curves. If the gonality$(C')=k$, then we can say that the gonality$(C)\leq 2k$. Under what conditions is the gonality ...

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177 views

### Neron-Severi group for product of curves

Let $C$ be a general genus $g$ curve, how can we describe the Neron-Severi group of its $n$-th self product $C^n=C\times \dots \times C$?
It is a lattice in $H^2(C^n,\mathbb{Z})\cong ...

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### Is the Quot-scheme over non-singular curve reduced

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $C$ a non-singular projective curve over $k$ of genus at least $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $C$. Let $r,d$ be two integers satisfying ...

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### Can a curve intersect a given curve only at given points?

Clearly the question in the title has a positive answer for analytic (or smooth, or continuous ...) curves, but what about the algebraic category? More specifically, given an irreducible polynomial ...

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### Automorphisms of curves in positive characteristic

It is well known that over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero a general curve (for an open subset of $M_g$) of genus $g\geq 3$ is automorphism-free.
Is this result still true over ...

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### Gonality and Clifford dimension of curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When/how can we say that any smooth curve $C\in |L|$ has maximal gonality $k=[\frac{g+3}{2}]$ and Clifford dimension 1. Is there some ...

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### About the difference variety of a curve

What is known about the singularity of the difference variety of a smooth curve $C$ of genus g>2? The difference variety is $C-C :=\{\mathcal{O}(p-q)| p,q\in C\} \subset Pic^0C$.

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### Where does the name $NE(X)$ come from?

Why do we call the cone of curves(effective one cycles) on a variety $X$ as $NE(X)$, what does $NE$ stand for?

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### Twisting locally free sheaves in characteristic $p$

Let $X$ be an irreducible nodal projective curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Denote by $\pi:\tilde{X} \to X$ the normalization of $X$. Recall, the short exact ...

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### Existense of semi-stable vector bundles on smooth curves in positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$ of genus $g \ge 2$. Fix a polarization $L$ on $X$. Does there exist a semi-stable ...

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### Mapping class group of a punctured genus 0 surface

Let $T_{0,n}$ be the Teichmuller space of $n$-punctured genus $0$ Riemann surface, and $M_{0,n}$ the Moduli space (assume $n\geq 3$ and the punctures are numbered). What is the correct notion of the ...

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### Finite orbits on an elliptic curve with two generic involutions

Let $C$ be a (very) general genus 1 curve embedded in $\mathbb{CP}^1\times \mathbb{CP}^1$ as a (2,2)-divisor.
Each projection defines $C$ as a double cover of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and induces an ...

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### cross sections of semialgebric sets

Let n be bigger than two, and let A be a subset of the n-dimensional euclidean space. Suppose that the intersection of A with any (n-1)-dimensional affine hyperplane is semialgebraic. Can one conclude ...

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### A conjecture associated with n-gon cut curve of degree m

This conjecture is a generalization of A theorem for cubic-A generalization of Carnot theorem, in MSE question. I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this ...

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### Standard techniques on rationally connected varieties

Is there some standard technique or approach to determine when a (irreducible) subvariety of a rationally connected variety is again rationally connected? Any reference/text dealing with this kind of ...

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### A conjecture for a curve cuts a curve - variant Cayley-Bacharach's theorem

I propose a conjecture variant of Cayley-Bacharach's theorem.
I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this result. Could you give a solution or let me know ...

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### Genus of algebraic curves with unknown degree

I am not sure if this is a valid question but posting any way:
Say I am over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ for a prime $p$.
I have a curve of form $x^{2} = f(y)$ where $f(y)$ has an unknown form (and hence ...

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### A question about complex plane algebraic curves

I would like to ask a question about plane projective curves. Let $C\subset{\mathbb P}_2={\mathbb P}(V)$ be a plane curve of degree $n\geq 3$. Then we have a non splitted exact sequence
...

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### Map of the Klein quartic from $CP^2$ to $R^3$

The Klein quartic $\mathcal{Q}$ is cut out of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ by the homogeneous equation $$x^3 y + y^3 z + z^3 x = 0.$$ It has 168 orientation preserving automorphisms and includes several copies of ...

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### The line bundle of the divisor at infinity of the moduli stack of stable curves of genus $g \ge 2$

Let $\overline{\mathscr{M}}_g$ be the $\mathbb{Z}$-algebraic stack of stable curves of genus $g \ge 2$, as constructed in the paper of Deligne and Mumford. The degeneracy locus of the universal stable ...

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### A property of the semi-local ring of the normalization of a singular curve

I have two following questions.
1) Let $R$ be a local ring in an algebraic function field of one variable over an algebraic closed field $k$. Let $\bar{R}$ and $m$ be its integral closure and maximal ...

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### Soft proof of multiplicity one for character groups of Shimura curves?

Is it not possible to prove mutiplicity one type statements for character groups of quaternionic Shimura curves by simply using Raynaud's description for character groups at primes dividing the ...

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### Families of trigonal curves with hyperelliptic limit

Suppose I have a family of trigonal curves $C\to D$ over a closed disk $D$ where the central fiber $C_0$ is hyperelliptic (this is of course possible since the hyperelliptic locus is in the closure of ...

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### Motivic fundamental group of the moduli space of curves?

Suppose I have a smooth projective family of varieties of varieties over $\mathcal M_g$ - i.e. a universal functor, commuting with deformations, from curves to smooth projective varieties. Can I ...

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### Ring of functions regular away from $\infty$ of an algebraic curve

Suppose $X$ is a smooth, geometrically irreducible projective algebraic curve over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a closed point $\infty \in X$. Denote by $A = \Gamma(X - \{\infty\}, ...