**7**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Lattice points near a curve

Bombieri and Pila had a well known bound for the count of lattice points on an algebraic curve in the plane. Does it generalize to a bound for the count of lattice points near (say within a distance ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$.
Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$?
Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### On some curves of real values of a rational function

For given parameters $a_{1},\dots,a_{k}\in\mathbb{R}$, define the rational function $\phi:\mathbb{C}\to\mathbb{C}$ as
$$\phi(z)=\frac{1}{z}-a_{1}z-a_{2}z^{2}-\dots-a_{k}z^{k}.$$
The domain of its real ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Field of moduli relative to a different extension

Let $X$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$.
Let us consider the automorphism of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$,
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Is this method of finding a “dual curve” correct?

I have a very limited exposure to projective geometry, but I'm having fun exploring the concept of duality. In particular I'd like to know if this naive method of finding a "dual" curve to a given ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Is it true that; $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial x}}$ and $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial y}}$ don't have a common factor? [migrated]

Let $f(x,y) = ({x^2} + {y^2})p{(x,y)^2} - q{(x,y)^2}$ and where $p(x, y)$ and $q(x, y)$ are real polynomials.
Is it true that;
$\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial x}}$ and $\frac{{\partial f}}{{\partial ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

583 views

### A problem of four curves

This is a generalization of my previous question, a problem of a cubic and six conics.
Let a curve $(K)$ of degree $m$ and three curves $(C_i)$ of degree $n$, for $i=1,2,3$. Let $(C_1)$ meets $(K)$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Shafarevich conjecture for abelian varieties

In the paper "Arakelov's theorem for abelian varieties" Faltings proves the Shafarevich conjecture for abelian varieties.
The statement is the following:
Let B be smooth projective a curve, S a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### The class of the diagonal in the symmetric product of a smooth curve

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$, and let us consider its $d$-th symmetric product $\textrm{Sym}^d(C)$ and its Jacobian $J(C)$. Fixing a point $p_0 \in C,$ there are two maps $$u_d\colon C_d \to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Very stable vector bundles

Let $X$ be a smooth curve, and $E$ a rank $r$ vector bundle over $X$, $E$ is said very stable if every nilpotent map $$u:E\rightarrow E\otimes K_X$$ is zero (nilpotent means that the composition ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Stable vector bundles in Weil's parametrization

Let $C$ be a smooth projective algebraic curve. Isomorphism classes of vector bundles on $C$ are in bijection with $GL_n(F) \backslash GL_n (\mathbb{A}) / GL_n(\mathcal{O})$, I think (one trivalizes ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

484 views

### Recognize this plane curve?

An aspect of my work led to a plane curve with implicit equation
$$
x^2+y^2 = 3 (y/2)^{2/3} + 1
$$
Actually, I started with the parametrization below and derived from it the
equation above:
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Polars of algebraic curves and surfaces

I asked this on Math.StackExchange, but received no response, so trying here ...
A paper I'm reading says the following ...
With homogeneous coordinates $\mathbf{x} = [x,y,z,w]$, let ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

216 views

### About complete residues on curves

Preliminaries:
Let $X$ be a projective smooth curve (scheme of finite type, integral and of dimension $1$) over a perfect field $F$. Let $K=K(X)$ be the function field of $X$ and for a closed point ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Identifying the canonical principal polarization of a Jacobian

Let $X$ be a curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ (even over $k = \mathbb{C}$ if you want), let $J = Pic^0_{X/k}$ be its Jacobian, let $P \in X(k)$ be a point, and let $i \colon X ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Singularities of algebraic curves, and torsion of the pull-back of the differential module by the normalisation

The problem in the following :
given an algebraic curve $C$, it's well-known that a smooth projective model of $C$ can be construct as the set of discrete valuations $v$ on it's function field ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Proof of the Belyi's theorem: where is the hypothesis really used?

Consider the Belyi's theorem:
If a smooth projective curve $X$ is defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, then there exists a finite morphism $X\longrightarrow\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)$ with at most ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

487 views

### Automorphisms of cartesian products of curves

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve. Is it true that
$$\textrm{Aut}(C\times C)\cong S_2 \ltimes (\textrm{Aut}(C)\times \textrm{Aut}(C))$$
and in case, what would be a reference for this? Thanks.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Finite union of affinoid is affinoid in proper smooth rigid curves (unless it is everything)

In several papers I have found the surprising statement that finite unions of affinoid subspaces of a proper smooth and connected rigid curve are either the whole curve or again affinoid.
Could you ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Fiber of the specialization map of Picard groups

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ of positive characteristic and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $\pi:X_R \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be flat, projective ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point? [closed]

If $k$ is an infinite perfect field and if $f \in k[x, y]$ is nonconstant irreducible, cutting out the affine plane curve $C$, then does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Quotients of curves of genus $4$ by a free $\mathbb{Z}/ 3 \mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $V_2$ and $V_3$ be the two hypersurfaces of $\mathbb P^3$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
V_2:={x_2x_3 + r(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \quad V_3:={x_2^3+x_3^3+s(x_0, \, x_1)=0},
\end{equation*}
where $r, \, s ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Quadrics cutting out a polygon

Let $l_1,l_2,l_3,l_4,l_5\subset \mathbb P^4_k$ be distinct lines such that $|l_i\cap l_{i+1}|=1$ for all $i\ mod\ 5$ and $l_i\cap l_j\neq \emptyset\iff j=i+1\ mod\ 5$ (so that $\cup_{i=1}^5l_i$ is a ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Polynomials with the same values set on the unit circle

Assume that $P(z)$, $Q(z)$ are complex polynomials such that $P(S)=Q(S)$, where $S=\{z\colon |z|=1\}$ (equality is understood in the sense of sets, but I do not know the answer even for multisets). ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$.
We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Is there a covering of Prym variety?

$\mathstrut$Hi, guys!
Let $C$, $C^\prime$ be projective smooth irreducible algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field $k$ ($\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$), $\phi : C$ $\to$ $C^\prime$ a ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Cohomology and deformations of moduli of vector bundles

I believe that the following is well-known, but I cannot find a reference
in the literature...
Let $X$ be a smooth variety (in our case $X = M^s(r)$ coarse moduli space of stable rank $r$ vector ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Explicit form of certain polynomials and intersection of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $C, D$ two effective divisors on $X$ intersecting at finitely many points. Is it true that if $C$ and $D$ intersect in ''low'' number ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

372 views

### Rational points on towers of curves

Let $\ldots \to X_n \to X_{n-1} \to \ldots \to X_0$ be etale maps between smooth projective curves of genera $g(X_n)>1$, all defined over a fixed number field $K$. By Faltings' Theorem, we know ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

415 views

### Quotient of a smooth curve by a finite group and differentials

Let $X$ be a proper smooth connected curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose that $X$ is equipped with a $k$-linear action of a finite group $G$. It makes sense ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Existence of pencils on some special curves of genus 10

Everything over $\Bbb{C}$. Say we have a smooth curve $C$ of genus $10$ which is a double cover of a smooth plane cubic curve. Therefore $C$ admits a 1-dimensional family of pencils of degree 4 ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

164 views

### Are curves with maximal Clifford index Brill-Noether general?

By the Brill-Noether Theorem, a general curve $C$ of genus $g\geq2$ has maximal Clifford index $\lfloor \frac{g-1}{2}\rfloor$. Hence a very naive question is:
(Q1) Is a curve with maximal Clifford ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### The gonality of smooth plane curves

I have often seen the assertion that for a smooth plane curve $C$ of degree $d$ the gonality of $C$ is $d-1$ and each gonality pencil is obtained by projection from a point of $C$ onto a line.
(let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Rational maps between elliptic curves [closed]

I am studying Silverman's "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" and I got the following question:
In the first chapters he defines rational between projective varieties (see the first definition in ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Galois groups of enumerative problems

Consider Harris's 1979 paper, Galois Groups of Enumerative Problems (see here for the paper itself).
Given a problem in enumerative geometry, there is in addition to the obvious question of finding ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Cubic, divisor of rational function $x/z$? [closed]

Let $k$ be a field, and let $a \neq 0$, $1 \in k$. Let $C = V(y^2z - x(x-z)(x - az))$. What is the divisor of the rational function $\psi([x, y, z]) = x/z \in k(C)$?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### How to compute the arithmetic genus of a nonreduced curve?

Let $X$ be a nonreduced curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose that the reduced scheme $X^{\rm red}$ associated to $X$ is a smooth projective curve with genus $g$, and $J \subset O_{X}$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

275 views

### Negative degree line bundles over a singular projective curve have no sections?

Let $C$ be a local complete intersection projective curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume that $C$ is integral. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a line bundle on $C$ of negative degree. We know that if $C$ is smooth ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

574 views

### what is the maximum number of rational points of a curve of genus 2 over the rationals

Conjecturally, there exists an integer $n$ such that the number of rational points of a genus $2$ curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ is at most $n$. (This follows from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture.)
We are ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

371 views

### Trigonal curves of genus three: can their Galois closure be non-abelian

Let $X$ be a curve of genus three which is not hyperelliptic. Then $X$ is trigonal, i.e., there exists a finite morphism $X \to \mathbf P^1$ of degree $3$.
Let $Y\to X \to \mathbf P^1$ be a Galois ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### What happens to the gonality under a finite morphism of curves

Let $f:C\longrightarrow C'$ be a finite degree 2 morphism of smooth projective curves. If the gonality$(C')=k$, then we can say that the gonality$(C)\leq 2k$. Under what conditions is the gonality ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Neron-Severi group for product of curves

Let $C$ be a general genus $g$ curve, how can we describe the Neron-Severi group of its $n$-th self product $C^n=C\times \dots \times C$?
It is a lattice in $H^2(C^n,\mathbb{Z})\cong ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Is the Quot-scheme over non-singular curve reduced

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $C$ a non-singular projective curve over $k$ of genus at least $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $C$. Let $r,d$ be two integers satisfying ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Can a curve intersect a given curve only at given points?

Clearly the question in the title has a positive answer for analytic (or smooth, or continuous ...) curves, but what about the algebraic category? More specifically, given an irreducible polynomial ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Automorphisms of curves in positive characteristic

It is well known that over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero a general curve (for an open subset of $M_g$) of genus $g\geq 3$ is automorphism-free.
Is this result still true over ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Gonality and Clifford dimension of curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When/how can we say that any smooth curve $C\in |L|$ has maximal gonality $k=[\frac{g+3}{2}]$ and Clifford dimension 1. Is there some ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### About the difference variety of a curve

What is known about the singularity of the difference variety of a smooth curve $C$ of genus g>2? The difference variety is $C-C :=\{\mathcal{O}(p-q)| p,q\in C\} \subset Pic^0C$.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Where does the name $NE(X)$ come from?

Why do we call the cone of curves(effective one cycles) on a variety $X$ as $NE(X)$, what does $NE$ stand for?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### Twisting locally free sheaves in characteristic $p$

Let $X$ be an irreducible nodal projective curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Denote by $\pi:\tilde{X} \to X$ the normalization of $X$. Recall, the short exact ...