# Tagged Questions

The algebraic-curves tag has no wiki summary.

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### Equation for simple Jacobian of a genus two curve

Let $X$ be a curve of genus two over a field $k$ with a $k$-rational point. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$.
Can we write down an explicit equation for the abelian surface $J$?
I know $X$ can be ...

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**1**answer

141 views

### Detecting sections on an arithmetic variety

Let $S$ be Spec $O_K$ with $O_K$ the ring of integers of a number field $K$.
Let $X\to S $ be an arithmetic variety, i.e., an integral smooth quasi-projective $S$-scheme with generic fibre $X_\eta$ ...

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218 views

### plane cubics and conic bundles

It is well known that any plane cubic curve can be obtained as the discriminant locus of a conic bundle (actually even just of a net of conics). Does this hold true also for all nodal cubics (with ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### finite surjective morphism to the projective line

Let X a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$.
We fix $d$ distinct closed points $x_{1},\dots,x_{d}$.
Can we find a finite surjective morphism $\pi:X\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^{1}$
and local ...

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492 views

### Questions on theorem in Deligne-Mumford's '69 Paper: $\omega_C^n$ is very ample $n\geq 3$

I'm working through the details of Deligne and Mumford's 69' paper, "The Irreducibility of the Space of Curves of Given Genus", and I had a few quick questions:
1) On p. 77, they claim that for $x$ a ...

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276 views

### Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$.
Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$?
Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...

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159 views

### Books about Stohr-Voloch Theory

Can you suggest any book or lecture notes that explain the theory of Stohr-Voloch?
Regards

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892 views

### Does the moduli space of genus three curves contain a complete genus two curve

Inspired by the question
Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve
and its amazing answers, I ask (pure out of curiosity) whether the moduli space $M_3$ of (smooth ...

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345 views

### Grothendieck's section conjecture and base change: restricting sections

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ of genus at least two. Fix an algebraic closure $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ be the ...

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286 views

### Varieties with infinitely many etale covers and rational points

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) variety over a field $k$.
Consider the set Et$(X,k)$ of finite etale covers $Y\to X$ over $k$, with $Y$ geometrically connected over $k$.
...

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976 views

### Do all curves have Néron models

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $K$. Assume that $g\geq 2$.
Does there exist a Néron model $\mathcal X$ for $X$ over $O_K$?
By a Néron model, I mean ...

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173 views

### Constructing a curve with good reduction over a function field

Let $K$ be the function field of a smooth projective connected curve $B$ over $\mathbf{C}$.
Let $g\geq 0$ be an integer.
Does there exist an nonsingular integral $\mathbf{C}$-scheme $X$ with a ...

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**1**answer

317 views

### Does a curve over a number field have a finite etale cover of given degree

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over a number field $K$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $d\geq 2$ be an integer.
Does there exist a curve $Y$ over $K$ with a finite etale ...

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252 views

### What is the reduction of this hyperelliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve with equation $Y^2Z = X^3 +AXZ^2+BZ^3$ in $\mathbf{P}^2_K$, where $A,B\in K$.
Let $S$ be non-empty finite set of finite places of $K$ and suppose ...

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301 views

### kapranov's realization of $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ over other fields

Kapranov gave a very nice desciption, over $\mathbb{C}$ of the moduli space of stable pointed rational curves $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ as a series of blow-ups of $P^{n-3}$. Does this, or a similar result, ...

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308 views

### Genus 2 curves vs Abelian surfaces

In the Satake compactification of abelian surfaces we have the following degeneration of a family of abelian surfaces in $\mathbf{H}_2$
$lim_{t \to \infty}\begin{pmatrix} it & b \\\ b & ...

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147 views

### genus two curve with special automorphisms

Is it possible to find a genus two curve $C$ (over the field of complex numbers) with an endomorphism $\phi: C \to C$, such that $\phi$ has no fixed points and $\phi$ does not take any point to its ...

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130 views

### action of automorphisms on the Galois cohomology of the function field of a variety

Let $C$ be a (quasi-projective) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let $k(C)$ be its field of rational functions. Then for any birational map $\sigma: C \dashrightarrow C$ there is an ...

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457 views

### Algebraic curve mapping to elliptic curve - how to check whether this is possible?

Question: Let $C$ be an algebraic curve over some field (like the rationals) given by a plane projective model (possibly with singularities). Is there an easy way to see if this curve has a ...

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457 views

### Moduli spaces of vector bundles and stability conditions

Let $C$ be an algebraic curve. One of the easiest examples of stabilty functions is
$$Z:Coh(C)/ \{ 0 \} \rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{H}};\ \ \ \ Z(E):=-deg(E)+i\cdot rk(E).$$
This induces the ...

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167 views

### dimension of spaces of rational curves in a variety!

Do you know calculate the dimension of the space of rational curves of degree
m, through d given points, contained in some projective variety?

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184 views

### invariants of plane quartics

Does anybody know a good reference where the invariants for plane quartic curves are developed?

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272 views

### Secant variety of an irreducible non-degenerate projective curve

I would like to know why every non-degenerate irreducible projective curve has a three-dimensional secant variety. It is clear to me that the dimension can't be larger.
Thanks for your help!

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577 views

### Rank two vector bundles on a curve of genus two

I recently learned of an interesting result of Narasimhan and Ramanan from 1969, which says that moduli space of rank two vector bundles with trivial determinant on a curve $X$ of genus two is ...

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674 views

### Cartier divisors on singular curves

(1) Let $X$ be a projective (integral) curve over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $P$ be a singular point of $X$. Is there always a Cartier divisor whose support is exactly $P$ (set-theoretically)?
The ...

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415 views

### Elementary proof of the Hurwitz formula

I am aware of two forms of the Hurwitz formula. The first is more common, and deals only with the degrees. So if $f:X \rightarrow Y$ is a non-constant map of degree $n$ between two projective ...

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399 views

### what is the maximum number of rational points of a curve of genus 2 over the rationals

Conjecturally, there exists an integer $n$ such that the number of rational points of a genus $2$ curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ is at most $n$. (This follows from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture.)
We are ...

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164 views

### Is the number of twists of a curve with a section in a given field finite

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $k$ of genus $g\geq 2$.
Is the number of twists of $X$ always infinite? (The answer is no, because there aren't any ...

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200 views

### Is the class of $k$-gonal curves dominant

Before I start, let me make a note on terminology. Curves are always smooth projective connected curves over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.
Let $\mathcal C$ be a class of ...

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597 views

### Picard group of a singular projective curve

Let $X$ be a singular irreducible projective curve over an algebraically closed field and $\pi : \widetilde{X} \to X$ the normalization morphism. In the book on Neron models by Bosch et al. (I have ...

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146 views

### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$.
How precisely can one describe ...

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126 views

### Number of solutions to $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$

I need a reference for the result which gives the number of solutions to the congruence $mx^2+ny^2 \equiv k\pmod{p}$. This result seems to be something that would be discussed in Gauss' ...

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266 views

### On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields).
Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...

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154 views

### pull back of hodge bundle via glueing map

Hi,
I need a precise reference for the following fact, which is certainly well known, but I do not find any.
I consider the natural glueing map of pointed curves $\overline{M}_{g_1,n}\times ...

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238 views

### Riemann-Roch and dim of deformation space.

Let's consider curve $C\subset \mathbb P^n$ of degree $d$ and genus $g$. We want to calculate dimension of deformation space of $C$, i.e. $h^0(C,L)$ where $L$ is the normal bundle.
We can decompose ...

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261 views

### Maps of algebraic curves (and their Jacobian)

When people consider a map $\varphi: C \rightarrow C$ between algebraic curves and they mention the "associated map" on the Jacobian of $C$. Which map do they mean? Do they mean $\varphi^{\*}$ or ...

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229 views

### Igusa-Clebsch invariants

I am looking for a good reference for definitions and basic properties of the Igusa-Clebsch invariants for curves of genus $2$ (especially, but not only, in positive characteristic).

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371 views

### Genus two pencil in K3 surface

It is known that smooth $K3$ surface can be obtained as two fold branched cover of rational elliptic surface $E(1) = \mathbb{CP}^2 9 \bar{{\mathbb{{CP}^2}}}$ along the smooth divisor $2F_{E(1)} = 6H - ...

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437 views

### Smooth Models of Hyperelliptic Curves (+ a concrete question)

My general question is : given a hyperelliptic curve $y^2 = f(x)$ with disc$f(x) \ne 0$, is there a general formula for finding a smooth complete model of the curve?
Specifically, I want a smooth, ...

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868 views

### Quadratic reciprocity and Weil reciprocity theorem

I was told that Weil reciprocity theorem (one has two meromorphic function $f,g$ on a complex curve $C$, so $\prod\limits_{x\in C} g(x)^{ord_xf}=\prod\limits_{x\in C}f(x)^{ord_xg} \ $ where $ord_xf$ ...

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342 views

### Recognize this plane curve?

An aspect of my work led to a plane curve with implicit equation
$$
x^2+y^2 = 3 (y/2)^{2/3} + 1
$$
Actually, I started with the parametrization below and derived from it the
equation above:
...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Does there exist a curve of degree 11 having 15 triple points?

Does there exist an irreducible curve of degree 11 in the projective plane which would have 15 triple points?
For information, such a curve would be rational, if it exists, and would be smooth at ...

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265 views

### Pencil of lines and degree $d$ curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$

Question. Let $C$ be a generic smooth curve of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$, and let $P$ be an arbitrary point away from this curve. How many lines are there through point $P$ that are tangent, or ...

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166 views

### Affine model of a hyperelliptic curve

We know that any hyperelliptic curve over a field with characteristic not equal to $2$ has an affine model given by $y^2 = f(x)$, with $deg(f) = 2g+1$ or $2g+2$.
Can we always find a model such that ...

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**1**answer

438 views

### Conductor of an elliptic curve

Given any elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $N$, by modularity of elliptic curves,
there exists a surjective morphism from $X_0(N)$ $\rightarrow$ $E$.There may be several such 'N' and ...

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**1**answer

434 views

### Correspondences on curves and their induced maps on differentials?

How does a correspondence on an algebraic curve $C$ induce a map on $\Omega^1_C$? Apparently it passes through the Jacobian of $C$ but I don't quite understand it.
More specifically, I was reading a ...

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869 views

### Extending birational isomorphisms between planar curves to the P^2

Let $k$ be a field and let $C,D$ be two integral curves in $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. Now let $f:C \to D$ be a birational isomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to $\mathbb{P}^2_k$. To be precise, does there exist a ...

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215 views

### Reference for Jacobians in characteristic $p$

I am looking for a basic reference for Jacobians of algebraic curves in characteristic $p>0$. I just want basic facts about the relation between the curve and its Jacobian.
I dont want to assume ...

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351 views

### Is Castelnuovo bound tight?

Castelnuovo bound says that if we have a function field(algebraic curve) $F$ and a divisor on it $D$ then:
$g\leq c\frac{\deg(D)^2}{\ell(D)}$(where $c$ is some global constant say 2 and $g$ is a ...

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369 views

### A question about the Tannakian etale fundamental group of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth connected quasi-projective curve over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $U$ be the pro-unipotent etale fundamental group of $X$ over $\mathbf{Q}_p$.
$U^1 = U$ and let $U^n =[U,U^{n-1}]$.
Let ...