The algebraic-curves tag has no wiki summary.

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### Are the projection morphisms from a product of varieties necessarily open?

If C and D are irreducible, affine varieties over an algebraically closed field, and I form the product variety CxD, is the projection morphism from CxD to C necessarily an open map? That is, is the ...

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### sections of vector bundles transversal to a divisor

Let $X$ a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$, $S$ a finite subscheme of $X$.
$E$ a vector bundle over $X$ with a divisor $D$.
We look at the sections $A:=H^{0}(X,E)$ with $\deg E$ big enough.
...

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181 views

### On divisorial correspondences between curves

Assume we are given two smooth curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ over an algebraically closed field $k$. It is known that divisorial correspondences between them correspond to homomorphisms between their ...

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### The existence of meromorphic functions on Riemann surfaces

In Miranda's book on algebraic curves and Riemann surfaces, Miranda writes:
It is a basic and highly nontrivial
result that a compact Riemann surface
has nonconstant meromorphic functions
on ...

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200 views

### Trigonal curves of genus three: can their Galois closure be non-abelian

Let $X$ be a curve of genus three which is not hyperelliptic. Then $X$ is trigonal, i.e., there exists a finite morphism $X \to \mathbf P^1$ of degree $3$.
Let $Y\to X \to \mathbf P^1$ be a Galois ...

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### normal space of Brill--Noether variety

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve, $J$ its Jacobian (of degree $d$, parametrizing degree $d$ line bundles, $d \geq 0$). Let $W_d^r$ be the Brill--Noether variety parameterizing degree $d$ line ...

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### Picard group of a K3 surface generated by a curve

In Lazarsfeld's article "Brill Noether Petri without degenerations" he mentions the fact that for any integer $g \geq 2$, one may find a K3 surface $X$ and a curve $C$ of genus $g$ on $X$ such that ...

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### Injective morphism from an elliptic curve to $\mathbb CP^2$.

Let $E$ be the elliptic curve $x^3+y^3+z^3=0$.
Question. Are there injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ of arbitrary high degree?
Comments. 1) There are injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ ...

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225 views

### Field of definition of a finite etale cover of an anabelian curve

Let $X$ be an anabelian curve over a number field $K$ and let $p:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite etale cover. Then is anything known (or has anything been conjectured) about the field of definition of ...

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### “Arithmetic genus” of a plane curve singularity.

I believe that the following questions are very basic, but I don't know how to get a reference.
Consider a curve in the plane $C\in \mathbb C^2$ with a singularity at $0$ and suppose it is
...

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### Injective morphism from curves to $\mathbb CP^2$

Is there a smooth compact complex curve that does not admit an injective holomorphic map to $\mathbb CP^2$ ? Let me stress, that the image of the curve in $\mathbb CP^2$ can have singularities.
I ...

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226 views

### When is a cyclic cover hyperelliptic?

Let us work over the complex numbers for simplicity. Consider a curve $C$ presented as a cyclic cover of some lower genus curve $C'$. When $C'$ has genus $0$, we can write $C$ as the normalization of ...

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286 views

### Upper bound for the order of the group of automorphisms of Riemann surfaces of genus 2

By the Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem there is an upper bound $|\text{Aut}(C)|\leq 84(g-1)$ for all Riemann surfaces $C$ with $g(C)\geq 2$, but it is not sharp if $g=2$. What is the sharp upper bound ...

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### The description of Hurwitz groups

Let $G$ be a Hurwitz group, i.e the automorphism group of some Hurwitz surface $C$. Then Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem shows that the quotient map of $C$ by $G$ has ramification points of indexes ...

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### On the group actions on Hurwitz surfaces

Let $C$ be a Hurwitz surface, $G=\text{Aut}(C)$ and $N$ is a proper normal subgroup of $G$. Is there a simple argument (without using of classification theorems) for the fact that $N$ acts on $C$ ...

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### sections of vector bundles

Let $X$ a smooth projective connected curve over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $E$ a vector bundle and $E'$ a subbundle of $E$.
Let $(x_{1},\dots,x_{n})$ $n$ closed points on the curve $X$ with $n>2g$ and $z$ ...

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### On the construction of the varieties parametrizing special linear series on a curve

Fix an algebraic curve $C$ of genus $g$, and positive integers $d, r$. The variety $W^r_d$ parametrizes complete linear series of degree $d$ and dimension at least $r$ on $C$ and the variety $G^r_d$ ...

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283 views

### Why the Abel-Jacoby map is algebraic morphism?

The Abel-Jacobi map from the algebraic curve $C$ to its Jacobian $J(C)$ is given analitically by $$p\to \left( \ldots, \int^{p}_{p_0} \omega_i,\ldots\right),$$
where $p_0$ is some point on $C$ and ...

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### Stack of vector bundles (on a curve) over a strictly semi-stable point of the moduli space

Consider the stack $Bun_{r,d}^{ss}$ of rank $r$ semi-stable vector bundle of degree $d$ over a fixed curve. There exists also a coarse moduli space $M$ built via GIT. Over the stable locus of $M$ it ...

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### Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer.
Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$?
I want to exclude finite etale ...

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### Complex curves covered by smooth plane curves

Question: Is it true that for every smooth compact complex curve $C$ there exists a smooth curve $C'$ in $\mathbb CP^2$ that admits a non-trivial morphism (i.e. holomorphic map) $C'\to C$?
...

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### Name for curve?

I am doing something with the curve given parametrically by
$y = (-ar+b) r$, $x = \sqrt{r^2-y^2}$
for $r\in \lbrack (b-1)/a,b/a\rbrack$. It is nice enough (and of low enough degree) that I suspect ...

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### Points in the plane imposing independent conditions: reference request

Hello,
Does anybody know a reference for the following result: $d\ge 5$ points of $\mathbb P^2$ fail to impose independent conditions on curves of degree $d-3$ if and only if at least $d-1$ of these ...

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### Igusa invariants of genus 2 curves as Siegel modular functions?

Hi,
Are the Igusa invariants (defined in Igusa's oringal paper) also classical Siegel modular forms? I read from somewhere that
$\psi_4=\frac{1}{4}I_4, \quad \psi_6=\frac{1}{8}(I_2I_4-3I_6), \quad ...

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### Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine?
I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...

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393 views

### If rational points are like entire curves, then what do algebraic points correspond to

I read somewhere that if $X$ is a projective variety of general type over a number field $K$, then rational points are an analogue of entire curves $\mathbf{C}\to X^{an}$ (with $X^{an}$ the ...

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### On the m-th power of the Hodge bundle and Arakelov's theorem

Let $S$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbf C$ and let $f:X\to S$ be a projective flat morphism with "semi-stable" fibres (i.e., the fibres are reduced and strict normal crossings divisors) and ...

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256 views

### Hilbert polynomial of $X\times P^1$

Let $X$ be a canonically polarized smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ with Hilbert polynomial $h$.
What is the Hilbert polynomial of $X\times_k \mathbf{P}^1_k$? How does it ...

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### For which fields does the isogeny theorem hold

Let $k$ be a field. We say that the isogeny theorem holds over $k$ if, for any abelian variety $A$ over $k$, there are only finitely many $k$-isomorphism classes of abelian varieties $B$ over $k$ ...

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### Does the Hilbert polynomial determine the weight of the Galois representation associated to a variety

Let $X$ be a curve or an abelian variety (over a finite field). Then the Galois representation associated to $X$ via the etale cohomology of $X$ (in degree $1$) is integral of weight $1$ and its ...

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### Equation for simple Jacobian of a genus two curve

Let $X$ be a curve of genus two over a field $k$ with a $k$-rational point. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$.
Can we write down an explicit equation for the abelian surface $J$?
I know $X$ can be ...

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### Detecting sections on an arithmetic variety

Let $S$ be Spec $O_K$ with $O_K$ the ring of integers of a number field $K$.
Let $X\to S $ be an arithmetic variety, i.e., an integral smooth quasi-projective $S$-scheme with generic fibre $X_\eta$ ...

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### plane cubics and conic bundles

It is well known that any plane cubic curve can be obtained as the discriminant locus of a conic bundle (actually even just of a net of conics). Does this hold true also for all nodal cubics (with ...

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217 views

### finite surjective morphism to the projective line

Let X a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$.
We fix $d$ distinct closed points $x_{1},\dots,x_{d}$.
Can we find a finite surjective morphism $\pi:X\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^{1}$
and local ...

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497 views

### Questions on theorem in Deligne-Mumford's '69 Paper: $\omega_C^n$ is very ample $n\geq 3$

I'm working through the details of Deligne and Mumford's 69' paper, "The Irreducibility of the Space of Curves of Given Genus", and I had a few quick questions:
1) On p. 77, they claim that for $x$ a ...

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### Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$.
Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$?
Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...

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### Books about Stohr-Voloch Theory

Can you suggest any book or lecture notes that explain the theory of Stohr-Voloch?
Regards

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### Does the moduli space of genus three curves contain a complete genus two curve

Inspired by the question
Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve
and its amazing answers, I ask (pure out of curiosity) whether the moduli space $M_3$ of (smooth ...

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### Grothendieck's section conjecture and base change: restricting sections

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ of genus at least two. Fix an algebraic closure $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ be the ...

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### Varieties with infinitely many etale covers and rational points

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) variety over a field $k$.
Consider the set Et$(X,k)$ of finite etale covers $Y\to X$ over $k$, with $Y$ geometrically connected over $k$.
...

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### Do all curves have Néron models

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $K$. Assume that $g\geq 2$.
Does there exist a Néron model $\mathcal X$ for $X$ over $O_K$?
By a Néron model, I mean ...

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### Constructing a curve with good reduction over a function field

Let $K$ be the function field of a smooth projective connected curve $B$ over $\mathbf{C}$.
Let $g\geq 0$ be an integer.
Does there exist an nonsingular integral $\mathbf{C}$-scheme $X$ with a ...

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### Does a curve over a number field have a finite etale cover of given degree

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over a number field $K$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $d\geq 2$ be an integer.
Does there exist a curve $Y$ over $K$ with a finite etale ...

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### What is the reduction of this hyperelliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve with equation $Y^2Z = X^3 +AXZ^2+BZ^3$ in $\mathbf{P}^2_K$, where $A,B\in K$.
Let $S$ be non-empty finite set of finite places of $K$ and suppose ...

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### kapranov's realization of $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ over other fields

Kapranov gave a very nice desciption, over $\mathbb{C}$ of the moduli space of stable pointed rational curves $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ as a series of blow-ups of $P^{n-3}$. Does this, or a similar result, ...

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### Genus 2 curves vs Abelian surfaces

In the Satake compactification of abelian surfaces we have the following degeneration of a family of abelian surfaces in $\mathbf{H}_2$
$lim_{t \to \infty}\begin{pmatrix} it & b \\\ b & ...

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### genus two curve with special automorphisms

Is it possible to find a genus two curve $C$ (over the field of complex numbers) with an endomorphism $\phi: C \to C$, such that $\phi$ has no fixed points and $\phi$ does not take any point to its ...

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### action of automorphisms on the Galois cohomology of the function field of a variety

Let $C$ be a (quasi-projective) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ and let $k(C)$ be its field of rational functions. Then for any birational map $\sigma: C \dashrightarrow C$ there is an ...

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### Algebraic curve mapping to elliptic curve - how to check whether this is possible?

Question: Let $C$ be an algebraic curve over some field (like the rationals) given by a plane projective model (possibly with singularities). Is there an easy way to see if this curve has a ...

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### Moduli spaces of vector bundles and stability conditions

Let $C$ be an algebraic curve. One of the easiest examples of stabilty functions is
$$Z:Coh(C)/ \{ 0 \} \rightarrow \overline{\mathbb{H}};\ \ \ \ Z(E):=-deg(E)+i\cdot rk(E).$$
This induces the ...