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Maximal sets of algebraic curves, closed under rotation, dilation, and translation, that pairwise intersect at most twice

Consider a set of nontrivial algebraic curves on the plane groovy if that set is closed under rotation, dilation, and translation, and has the property that no two members of the set intersect more ...
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Schottky locus in genus 2

Let $\phi_g : \mathcal{M}_g \rightarrow \mathcal{A}_g$ be the period mapping from the open moduli space of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces to the moduli space of $g$-dimensional principally polarized ...
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Quartic Space Curves

It is an exercise in Hartshorne to classify nonsingular quartic curves in projective 3-space. I am interested in what happens when we allow singularities. In particular, I am looking for an ...
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What is the advantage of the approach of valuations to the Riemann-Roch Theorem for curves (a la Chevalley)? AKA theory of algebraic functions in one variable

Hello, Some books and courses take the approach to Riemann-Roch for curves considering only the algebraic viewpoint of algebraic extensions of a field k(t) without going into any algebraic geometry ...
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Max Noether's residual intersection theorem (Fundamentalsatz): importance and applications

I would like to ask a couple of naive question about the following theorem of Max Noether: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AF%2BBG_theorem In the book of Fulton, page 60 ...
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Where is the representability of the moduli of curves with framed points proved?

There is a variant of the Knudsen-Mumford moduli problem $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ of pointed curves, where one endows the $n$ marked points with non-zero tangent vectors. It shows up in the theory of ...
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Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$. Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside ...
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What is it known now about Nagata's conjecture and Seshadri constant (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagata%27s_conjecture_on_curves and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seshadri_constant) for toric ...
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Do divisors of degree g with this property exist in general

I have the following question. It's a long shot, but worth the try. Let X be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Does there exist an effective divisor $D$ on $X$ of degree $g$ ...
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Manin-Drinfeld and constructing a finite morphism with two given ramification points

Fix a smooth projective connected curve $X$ over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of genus $g\geq 1$ and distinct points $x,y \in X$ such that $x-y$ has infinite order in the Jacobian. Can we always find a ...
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Does each finite morphism of curves have a model whose minimal resolution is semi-stable

Let $\pi:Y\to X$ be a finite morphism of smooth projective geometrically connected curves over a number field $K$. Question. Does there exist a finite field extension $L/K$ and a regular model ...
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Is there an easier argument to prove that almost all of these curves have no semi-stable reduction

Fix a number field $K$ and a polynomial $F(x)\in K[x]$ of degree at least $4$. For a squarefree integer $d$, define the curve $X_d$ over $K$ by the equation $dy^2 = F(x)$. Note that the curves $X_d$ ...
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What is the mod l monodromy of a generic trigonal curve?

For a hyperelliptic curve H, the mod 2 monodromy is smaller than $GSp_{2g}(F_2)$ -- since the two torsion of the Jacobian H is generated by differences of Weierstrass point, the monodromy of a generic ...
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Automorphisms of Riemann surface and mapping class

For a higher genus Riemann surface $\Sigma$, is it true that every nontrivial (holomorphic) automorphism is of nontrivial mapping class, i.e., not isotopic to the identity?
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Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...
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Is there an upper bound and a lower bound on the contribution to the genus, for a singularity of codimension k?

To make my question precise, suppose you have a complex curve locally given by $$f(x,y) =0$$ and $f$ has singularity of type $\chi_k$ at the origin. The codimension of this singularity is $k$. Let ...
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Reducibility (or not) of algebraic curves [closed]

[ I am a bit clueless about why this question is getting downvotes!? I put it up with a genuine serious interest and I don't seem to be making any egregious error either - apart from those unsure ...
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Can we always find a curve which doesn't have semi-stable reduction

Let $K$ be a number field and let $g$ be a positive integer. Does there exist a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $X/K$ of genus $g$ such that $X$ does not have semi-stable reduction ...
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About maps induced for a divisor D in P^1

Let $D$ be an effective $\mathbb{Z}$-divisor on $\mathbb{P}^1$. Is there a form to associate a curve $C$, and morphism $C \to P^1$ to the divisor $D$ ? For example, let $Y$ be a singular plane ...
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Curves which are not covers of P^1 with four branch points

The following interesting question came up in a discussion I was having with Alex Wright. Suppose given a branched cover C -> P^1 with four branch points. It's not hard to see that the field of ...
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Do mapping classes have gonality?

(This question was discussed by people at the PCMI workshop on moduli spaces, without any clear resolution, so I thought I'd throw it open to MO.) The hyperelliptic mapping class group is (by ...
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Global functions on generalized Jacobians

Let $X/\mathbb{C}$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g>0$ (here $\mathbb{C}$ is any algebraically closed field, say of characteristic $0$). Let $S$ be a finite set of closed points of X and ...
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Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$. Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...
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Maximal number of connected components of complement to an affine plane real algebraic curve

Let $X$ be a (singular, reducible) affine plane real algebraic curve of degree $d$. How we can estimate maximal number of connected components of it's complement in $R^2$ in terms of degree?
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Tangent cones to Severi strata

Let $\mathbb{C}[[x,y]]/f(x,y)$ be a reduced plane curve singularity. The base of a versal family can be taken to be (an open subset in) $\Lambda = \mathbb{C}[x,y]/(f,\partial_x f, \partial_y f)$; the ...
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Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 “thetas”

Let l=2m+1 be prime. In my previous MO question, "What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 thetas?", I defined a subring of Z/2[[x]] as follows: The subring, S, is generated ...
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Families of curves for which the Belyi degree can be easily bounded

I know (edit: three) families of smooth projective connected curves over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$ for which the Belyi degree is not hard to bound from above. The modular curves $X(n)$. They are ...
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Why does the parameterization (F:F':1) happen?

1) To parameterize the conic $x^2+y^2=1$, we can use $(x,y)=(\sin t,\sin't)$ ($\sin'$ meaning the derivative of $\sin$, namely $\cos$). 2) To parameterize an elliptic curve $y^2=4x^3-g_2x-g_3$, we ...
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Image of projective 1-space contained in projective 1-space over a smaller field?

This is inspired by Does "all points rational" imply "constant" for this "cubic" curve over an arbitrary field? . Say $K/F$ is a finite separable extension of fields. ...
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resolution of singular points on curve

After reading Fulton's book "Algebraic Curves", I know how to do resolution of singular points on curves. Given an affine equation, I can get it's non-singular affine model, i.e the normalization of ...
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Does there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but two are semi-stable fibers for algebraic surfaces?

We will work over the complex numbers C. there exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 with only 3 singular fibres but one is semi-stable fiber. there not exist a fibration of genus two over P^1 ...
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