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### Non-abelian group from affine hermitian curve

I was playing with the Hermitian curve $y^q + y = x^{q+1}$ over the field $GF(q^2)$ and chanced upon the following (non Abelian) group law on the points of the affine curve:
$(a,b) * (c,d) = ...

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370 views

### Global sections of the structure sheaf of a non-reduced projective scheme

Let $C$ be a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ which is of local complete intersection is some smooth surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume $C$ is non-reduced. What can we say about $h^0(\mathcal{O}_C)$? When can ...

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### A question on the existence of the quotient of the Hilbert scheme of tricanonical curves

In order to construct the coarse moduli scheme of smooth projective curves of genus $g$, the classical results of Mumford (using the numerical criterion of stability) say that for large enough $m$, ...

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321 views

### Connections on the Hodge bundle?

Let $\mathcal{M}_g$ be the moduli space of curves of genus $g$. Consider the holomorphic bundle $\mathcal{H}^k\rightarrow\mathcal{M}_g$ whose fiber over a curve $C\in\mathcal{M}_g$ is the space of ...

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265 views

### spin bundle vs. hodge bundle

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ the space of $n$ pointed $r$-stable curves of genus $g$, endowed with a root of the canonical sheaf, and let $\mathcal{C} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ be ...

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### Automorphisms of function fields under constant reduction

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(x,y)$ be a function field of genus at least 2, with defining equation $f(x,y)=0$ (say, absolutely irreducible and with coefficients not divisible by $p$), and let $k$ be the mod-$p$ ...

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### Permuting collinear points on a curve

Let $C \subset {\bf CP}^2$ be an irreducible algebraic smooth (projectively) planar curve over the complex numbers of degree $d$ (we allow finitely many points to be deleted from $C$ to make it ...

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### Etale covers of products of curves

Is a finite etale cover of a product of curves again a product of curves?
The answer is no in general. Here's one way to construct an example. Take the product $A$ of two elliptic curves and an ...

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293 views

### Rationality of curve does not depend on base change

By a curve I mean an integral one-dimensional scheme of finite type over a spectrum of a field.
Let $C$ be a curve over an arbitrary field $k$. It's probably a very well known fact, that $C$ is ...

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140 views

### Hopf lemma for line bundles on curves in algebraic geometry

In the paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0110256v1.pdf Claire Voisin proves that all linear subspaces which lie inside of a (not too big) secant variety of a smooth projective curve must lie inside one ...

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209 views

### curves in varieties

Let $V$ be an affine algebraic variety defined over $\mathbb R$.
We assume that $V\subset \mathbb A_n$(affine $n$ space).
Suppose that for any algebraic curve $C$ in $V$ defined over $\mathbb R$, ...

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### branch locus of the discriminant map $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of pointed, stable, genus $g$ curves. Let $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r}$ be the hurwitz space of cyclic covers of degree $r$ of genus $g$ curves ...

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210 views

### Finite number of points as intersection of two plane curves

How to prove that any finite set in the affine plane is realizable as intersection of TWO plane curves?
Thanks.

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185 views

### Complete Linear system on Del Pezzo surfaces

Is there always a reducible curve (EDIT: with exactly two irreducible components intersecting in at least 2 points) in a complete linear system (EDIT: of dimension at least 2 with curves of genus at ...

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136 views

### Hodge bundle on F-curves

Let $\mathbb{E}\rightarrow\overline{M}_{g,n}$ be the Hodge bundle. Let us cosider an $F$-curve of type $\overline{M}_{1,1}\subseteq\overline{M}_{g,n}$. Is the degree of the restriction of $\mathbb{E}$ ...

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### Nagata's conjecture in positive characteristic

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ irreducible reduced curve passes then ...

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141 views

### Totally tangent planes to a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

How many planes are totally tangent to a curve of $\mathbb{P}^3$ which is intersection of a generic quadric and a generic cubic?
Or equivalently, considering the cubic as a blow up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ ...

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205 views

### Automorphisms of rational (connected) projective curves

To fix the ideas all curves are supposed to be defined over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $C$ be a rational connected projective curve. Note that we don't assume the curve to be smooth. Let $Aut(C)$ be the group ...

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181 views

### F-curves and divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

It is conjectured that a divisor on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ would be ample if $D\cdot C >0$ for all F-curves $C\subset \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Does the intersection degree with all ...

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### Existence of a curve with no points over finite separable field extensions

Does there exist a field $K$, and a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $C$ over $K$ such that, for all finite separable field extensions $L/K$ the curve $C$ has no $L$-rational points?
I ...

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### open subset in constructible set of divisors

Let a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let a pair $(x, D)$ a pair xith a closed point $x$ and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$, such that $d_{x}:=m_{x}(D)\neq 0$.
Let $N=\deg (D)$ and ...

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### Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...

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### lift sections on a thickened curve

Let $X$ a curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $D$ a divisor on X.
Fix an integer $N$ and a closed point $x$ on $X$, we assume that $\deg(D)$ is big enough such that we have a surjective ...

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### Counting plane curves over various fields

Fix two integers $d$ and $g$. The number of genus $g$ and degree $d$ curves passing through $3d+g-1$ generic points on the complex projective plane is finite and doesn't depend on the choice of ...

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### Effectiveness of the distinguished theta characteristic in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 2. Let $C$ be a (smooth projective connected) curve over $k$. Can there exist a rational function on $C$ whose differential is holomorphic ...

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348 views

### General curves of genus 3 as plane sections of Kummer surfaces

Is it true that a general curve of genus 3 is a plane section of an appropriate Kummer surface in $\mathbb P^3$? By Kummer surface I mean image of a principally polarized Abelian surface w.r.t. the ...

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240 views

### Determine asymptotic behavior of algebraic curves

Take an example polynomial $f(x, y) = y^2 x + y^3 - x^2$. A solution to $f(x,y)=0$ exists with Puiseux series given by $y(x) = x^{2/3} - x/3 + x^{4/3}/9+\cdots$. I got this by having Mathematica ...

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### Equations of elliptic curves

First part of question I have asked on mathoverflow already: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/467088/explict-form-of-the-equation-of-elliptic-curve
1) Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic ...

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### Reference for hyperelliptic curves

I was reading a paper the other day that said that all automorphisms of a hyperelliptic curve are liftings of automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^1$ operating on the set of branch points.
Can someone point ...

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### What does the Jacobian of a curve tell us about the curve?

A natural object in the study of curves is the Jacobian of a curve. What are some natural geometric properties of the curve that the Jacobian encapsulates? In other words, what can the Jacobian tell ...

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### effective divisors on a curve and upper semi-continuity

Let consider a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. We consider the scheme that classifies effective divisors of degree $d$, which is isomorphic to $X^{d}/S_{d}$ where $S_{d}$ is the ...

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### a question on the space of divisors on a curve

Let $X$ a complex curve and $x\in X$ a point.
We consider the space of effective divisors $D$ with fixed degree $d$, whic we know is isomorphic to $X^{d}/S_{d}$ where $S_{d}$ is the symmetric group.
...

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### What prevents a cover to be Galois?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a ramified cover of Riemann surfaces or algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. My question is can one in terms of the ramification data of $f$, determine whether the cover is ...

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### Curves which do not dominate other curves

Let $g>1$ be an integer. Does there exist a (smooth projective) genus g curve $X$ which doesn`t dominate a curve of positive genus and genus smaller than $g$?
Surely such curves exist. Just take a ...

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### Dimension of the space of invariant quadratic differentials in Galois covers

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y $ be a Galois cover of with $X$ and $Y$ algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. I want to compute the dimension of the subspace of $G$-invariants in $H^{0}(X,\omega^{\otimes2})$ ...

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### Analogy between Jacobian of curve and Ideal class group

It is excerpt from "Algebraic Geometry Codes Basic ...

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### normality of moduli of prym curves

Is the moduli space of Prym curves (curves $C$ with square root of $\mathcal{O}_C$, compactified via admissible covers - by Beauville) of a given genus $g$ normal? Why?

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### Kaehler differentials on a nodal curve

Suppose $C$ is an integral nodal curve with one node. It is claimed in the arxiv version of a paper by Bogomolov, Hassett, Tschinkel that the dualizing sheaf and the sheaf of differentials are related ...

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### What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers,
Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...

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### Is the space of degree $d$ curves with marked smooth points dense inside the space of curves with marked points?

Let $\mathcal{D} \approx \mathbb{P}^{\delta_d} $ be the space of nonzero
homogeneous degree $d$ polynomials in three variables upto scaling, where
$\delta_d = \frac{d(d+3)}{2} $
(basically degree ...

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### what is the cyclic cover trick?

What do people mean by the "cyclic cover trick"? I have found this expression a couple of times with no complete explaination, both talking about curves and surfaces...

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### Existence of non-trivial solution to non linear polynomial system

I need to find conditions for the existence of non-trivial solutions to a multivariable polynomial system in two cases:
The first case:
$f1: a_1x^2+a_2xy+a_3y^2+a_4z^2=0$
$f2: ...

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### explicity equations for curves in the projective space

It is well known that if a smooth curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has degree $ d \leq 6$. Then
$ g(C) \leq 4$ (Hartshorne pg 354). I know that the case $g=4$ correspond to the complete intersection ...

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### finite covering

I am trying to understand the following example, which I came across in a research article. I am posting it as a question below.
$\bf{Question}$. Let $\Sigma$ be a curve of genus two with the ...

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### What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...

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### Recommended books/lecture notes for vector bundle on algebraic curve

I am going to enroll in a ceminar with the topic "vector bundle on algebraic curve". Except Algebraic Geometry(which I think GTM 52 by Hartshone is the main source), which topic I should prepare in ...

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### What is the minimal degree of a smooth curves which is not on a cubic surface in $P^3$?

Consider a fixed smooth algebraic curve $C$ over $\mathbb C$. It is well-known that $\mathbb CP^3$ contains curves that are abstractly isomorphic to $C$. What is the minimal degree of a curve in ...

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### Families of Hurwitz Curves

Hurwitz's theorem on automorphisms tells us that the group of automorphisms of a nonsingular complex algebraic curve of genus at least 2 is bounded above by $84(g-1)$ where $g$ is the genus of the ...

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### $P^1$ minus k points

For $k\geq 3$, and $k$ arbitrary points $S=( z_1,\cdots,z_k ) \in \mathbb{P}^1$, we can write
$$ P^1 \setminus S \cong \mathbb{H}/G $$
where $\mathbb{H}$ is the upper-half plane and $G\subset ...

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### Proving that a generic variety with ample canonical bundle has no automorphisms

Let $X$ be a smooth projective connected variety over the complex numbers with ample canonical bundle. If $X$ is generic and $\dim X \leq1$, the automorphism group of $X$ is trivial, see for instance
...