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5
votes
1answer
409 views

Nagata's conjecture in positive characteristic

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ irreducible reduced curve passes then ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Totally tangent planes to a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

How many planes are totally tangent to a curve of $\mathbb{P}^3$ which is intersection of a generic quadric and a generic cubic? Or equivalently, considering the cubic as a blow up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Automorphisms of rational (connected) projective curves

To fix the ideas all curves are supposed to be defined over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $C$ be a rational connected projective curve. Note that we don't assume the curve to be smooth. Let $Aut(C)$ be the group ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

F-curves and divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

It is conjectured that a divisor on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ would be ample if $D\cdot C >0$ for all F-curves $C\subset \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Does the intersection degree with all ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Existence of a curve with no points over finite separable field extensions

Does there exist a field $K$, and a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $C$ over $K$ such that, for all finite separable field extensions $L/K$ the curve $C$ has no $L$-rational points? I ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

open subset in constructible set of divisors

Let a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let a pair $(x, D)$ a pair xith a closed point $x$ and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$, such that $d_{x}:=m_{x}(D)\neq 0$. Let $N=\deg (D)$ and ...
6
votes
0answers
492 views

Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

lift sections on a thickened curve

Let $X$ a curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $D$ a divisor on X. Fix an integer $N$ and a closed point $x$ on $X$, we assume that $\deg(D)$ is big enough such that we have a surjective ...
5
votes
0answers
164 views

Counting plane curves over various fields

Fix two integers $d$ and $g$. The number of genus $g$ and degree $d$ curves passing through $3d+g-1$ generic points on the complex projective plane is finite and doesn't depend on the choice of ...
9
votes
2answers
199 views

Effectiveness of the distinguished theta characteristic in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 2. Let $C$ be a (smooth projective connected) curve over $k$. Can there exist a rational function on $C$ whose differential is holomorphic ...
3
votes
3answers
312 views

General curves of genus 3 as plane sections of Kummer surfaces

Is it true that a general curve of genus 3 is a plane section of an appropriate Kummer surface in $\mathbb P^3$? By Kummer surface I mean image of a principally polarized Abelian surface w.r.t. the ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Determine asymptotic behavior of algebraic curves

Take an example polynomial $f(x, y) = y^2 x + y^3 - x^2$. A solution to $f(x,y)=0$ exists with Puiseux series given by $y(x) = x^{2/3} - x/3 + x^{4/3}/9+\cdots$. I got this by having Mathematica ...
1
vote
2answers
381 views

Equations of elliptic curves

First part of question I have asked on mathoverflow already: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/467088/explict-form-of-the-equation-of-elliptic-curve 1) Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic ...
3
votes
3answers
194 views

Reference for hyperelliptic curves

I was reading a paper the other day that said that all automorphisms of a hyperelliptic curve are liftings of automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^1$ operating on the set of branch points. Can someone point ...
5
votes
2answers
840 views

What does the Jacobian of a curve tell us about the curve?

A natural object in the study of curves is the Jacobian of a curve. What are some natural geometric properties of the curve that the Jacobian encapsulates? In other words, what can the Jacobian tell ...
-1
votes
1answer
126 views

effective divisors on a curve and upper semi-continuity

Let consider a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. We consider the scheme that classifies effective divisors of degree $d$, which is isomorphic to $X^{d}/S_{d}$ where $S_{d}$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

a question on the space of divisors on a curve

Let $X$ a complex curve and $x\in X$ a point. We consider the space of effective divisors $D$ with fixed degree $d$, whic we know is isomorphic to $X^{d}/S_{d}$ where $S_{d}$ is the symmetric group. ...
8
votes
3answers
534 views

What prevents a cover to be Galois?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a ramified cover of Riemann surfaces or algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. My question is can one in terms of the ramification data of $f$, determine whether the cover is ...
13
votes
1answer
290 views

Curves which do not dominate other curves

Let $g>1$ be an integer. Does there exist a (smooth projective) genus g curve $X$ which doesn`t dominate a curve of positive genus and genus smaller than $g$? Surely such curves exist. Just take a ...
4
votes
2answers
137 views

Dimension of the space of invariant quadratic differentials in Galois covers

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y $ be a Galois cover of with $X$ and $Y$ algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. I want to compute the dimension of the subspace of $G$-invariants in $H^{0}(X,\omega^{\otimes2})$ ...
5
votes
1answer
434 views

Analogy between Jacobian of curve and Ideal class group

It is excerpt from "Algebraic Geometry Codes Basic ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

normality of moduli of prym curves

Is the moduli space of Prym curves (curves $C$ with square root of $\mathcal{O}_C$, compactified via admissible covers - by Beauville) of a given genus $g$ normal? Why?
6
votes
1answer
303 views

Kaehler differentials on a nodal curve

Suppose $C$ is an integral nodal curve with one node. It is claimed in the arxiv version of a paper by Bogomolov, Hassett, Tschinkel that the dualizing sheaf and the sheaf of differentials are related ...
8
votes
6answers
821 views

What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers, Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Is the space of degree $d$ curves with marked smooth points dense inside the space of curves with marked points?

Let $\mathcal{D} \approx \mathbb{P}^{\delta_d} $ be the space of nonzero homogeneous degree $d$ polynomials in three variables upto scaling, where $\delta_d = \frac{d(d+3)}{2} $ (basically degree ...
10
votes
1answer
656 views

what is the cyclic cover trick?

What do people mean by the "cyclic cover trick"? I have found this expression a couple of times with no complete explaination, both talking about curves and surfaces...
1
vote
2answers
320 views

Existence of non-trivial solution to non linear polynomial system

I need to find conditions for the existence of non-trivial solutions to a multivariable polynomial system in two cases: The first case: $f1: a_1x^2+a_2xy+a_3y^2+a_4z^2=0$ $f2: ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

explicity equations for curves in the projective space

It is well known that if a smooth curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has degree $ d \leq 6$. Then $ g(C) \leq 4$ (Hartshorne pg 354). I know that the case $g=4$ correspond to the complete intersection ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

finite covering

I am trying to understand the following example, which I came across in a research article. I am posting it as a question below. $\bf{Question}$. Let $\Sigma$ be a curve of genus two with the ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
0
votes
2answers
398 views

Recommended books/lecture notes for vector bundle on algebraic curve

I am going to enroll in a ceminar with the topic "vector bundle on algebraic curve". Except Algebraic Geometry(which I think GTM 52 by Hartshone is the main source), which topic I should prepare in ...
3
votes
1answer
386 views

What is the minimal degree of a smooth curves which is not on a cubic surface in $P^3$?

Consider a fixed smooth algebraic curve $C$ over $\mathbb C$. It is well-known that $\mathbb CP^3$ contains curves that are abstractly isomorphic to $C$. What is the minimal degree of a curve in ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Families of Hurwitz Curves

Hurwitz's theorem on automorphisms tells us that the group of automorphisms of a nonsingular complex algebraic curve of genus at least 2 is bounded above by $84(g-1)$ where $g$ is the genus of the ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

$P^1$ minus k points

For $k\geq 3$, and $k$ arbitrary points $S=( z_1,\cdots,z_k ) \in \mathbb{P}^1$, we can write $$ P^1 \setminus S \cong \mathbb{H}/G $$ where $\mathbb{H}$ is the upper-half plane and $G\subset ...
8
votes
2answers
435 views

Proving that a generic variety with ample canonical bundle has no automorphisms

Let $X$ be a smooth projective connected variety over the complex numbers with ample canonical bundle. If $X$ is generic and $\dim X \leq1$, the automorphism group of $X$ is trivial, see for instance ...
10
votes
0answers
176 views

Infinitely many curves with isogenous Jacobians

Let $g\geq 4$. Are there infinitely many compact genus $g$ Riemann surfaces with (mutually) isogenous Jacobians? Does the situation change in positive characteristic?
1
vote
0answers
213 views

Complete curves in $M_g$ and Theta Characteristics

Let $g\geq 3$. Following the reference below, the locus of curves in $M_g$ with an effective even theta characteristic has codimension $1$. (Those are the curves $C$ with an effective line bundle $L$ ...
8
votes
1answer
224 views

Permutations of prescribed cycle types that multiply to the identity

Suppose that $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\lambda_3$ are partititions of $n$. When do there exist permutations $\sigma_1,\sigma_2,\sigma_3 \in S_n$ such that (1) $\sigma_1\sigma_2\sigma_3$ is the identity; ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

canonical model of a reducible curve

Let $C$ be a stable reducible curve. Is there a natural way to define it's canonical model (I guess via the dualizing sheaf)? And does somehow the dualizing sheaf restrict to the (probably twisted) ...
3
votes
0answers
103 views

state of the art for kodaira dimension of $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

What is the state of the art about the kodaira dimension (and rationality, unirationality, etc.) of the moduli spaces of $n$-pointed curves of genus $g$? When it is known and when not? It would be ...
17
votes
2answers
612 views

Tame morphism from a curve to $\mathbb{P}^1$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p\ge 0$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$. Is it possible to find a map $C \to \mathbb{P}^1$ that is tamely ramified at every ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

n-canonical embedding

Let $C$ be a nodal curve and let $ \omega $ be its dualizing sheaf. Let $n$ be a integer larger than 2. Does anyone knows how to show that $\omega^{\otimes n}$ separates points and tangent vectors? ...
1
vote
1answer
242 views

Are the projection morphisms from a product of varieties necessarily open?

If C and D are irreducible, affine varieties over an algebraically closed field, and I form the product variety CxD, is the projection morphism from CxD to C necessarily an open map? That is, is the ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

sections of vector bundles transversal to a divisor

Let $X$ a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$, $S$ a finite subscheme of $X$. $E$ a vector bundle over $X$ with a divisor $D$. We look at the sections $A:=H^{0}(X,E)$ with $\deg E$ big enough. ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

On divisorial correspondences between curves

Assume we are given two smooth curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ over an algebraically closed field $k$. It is known that divisorial correspondences between them correspond to homomorphisms between their ...
4
votes
2answers
656 views

The existence of meromorphic functions on Riemann surfaces

In Miranda's book on algebraic curves and Riemann surfaces, Miranda writes: It is a basic and highly nontrivial result that a compact Riemann surface has nonconstant meromorphic functions on ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Trigonal curves of genus three: can their Galois closure be non-abelian

Let $X$ be a curve of genus three which is not hyperelliptic. Then $X$ is trigonal, i.e., there exists a finite morphism $X \to \mathbf P^1$ of degree $3$. Let $Y\to X \to \mathbf P^1$ be a Galois ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

normal space of Brill--Noether variety

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve, $J$ its Jacobian (of degree $d$, parametrizing degree $d$ line bundles, $d \geq 0$). Let $W_d^r$ be the Brill--Noether variety parameterizing degree $d$ line ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Picard group of a K3 surface generated by a curve

In Lazarsfeld's article "Brill Noether Petri without degenerations" he mentions the fact that for any integer $g \geq 2$, one may find a K3 surface $X$ and a curve $C$ of genus $g$ on $X$ such that ...
8
votes
1answer
281 views

Injective morphism from an elliptic curve to $\mathbb CP^2$.

Let $E$ be the elliptic curve $x^3+y^3+z^3=0$. Question. Are there injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ of arbitrary high degree? Comments. 1) There are injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ ...