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### Different proof's of Marten's theorem

I am referring to Marten's theorem on the dimension of $W_d^r $ as in ACGH p. 192 . It seems to me that an even shorter proof can be given using Hopf's Theorem that if $\nu : A \otimes B \to C $ is ...

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### Theta characteristics of genus$\geq3$ curve

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus$\geq3$ over $\mathbb{C}$, so there are $2^{g-1}(2^g-1)$ odd theta characteristics and $2^{g-1}(2^g+1)$ even theta characteristics. Do we know how many of them has ...

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### Morphisms contracting a family of curves

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties. Let $S\subseteq X$ be a surface admitting a morphism $g:S\rightarrow C$ to a curve $C$ such that any fiber of $g$ is a curve.
...

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### The significance of the Parvaresh-Vardy curve

Even though this seems like a computer science question, it is purely mathematical and concerns polynomials and curves over finite fields.
Consider the Parvaresh-Vardy list decoder.
As I understand ...

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173 views

### Does this extension of Hodge structures split over $\mathbb{Q}$?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $\geq 1$ over $\mathbb{C}$, $H^\cdot=H^\cdot(X)$, and $K$ be the kernel of cup product $\cup: H^1\otimes H^1\rightarrow H^2$. Consider the extension of ...

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203 views

### Can every genus $2$ curve be written as ramified cover of elliptic curve?

Suppose $C$ is a curve of genus $2$, does $C$ admit a surjective morphism onto some elliptic curve $E$?

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### Kähler differentials, intuition behind $\text{div}(\omega)$, canonical divisor on algebraic curves?

See my two previous questions here: Intuition for thinking about R-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations? and Kähler differentials, define valuation? for background.
If ...

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### Intuition for thinking about $R$-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations?

Suppose $k$ is a field of characteristic zero, and $R$ is a $k$-algebra. The $R$-module of Kähler differentials $\Omega_{R/k}$ of $R$ over $k$ with generators $\{dr\}_{r \in R}$ is the module subject ...

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### Rational curves through a fixed number of points

Let us fix two positive integers $d$, and $N$. Can we determine a third integer $n$ such that given $n$ general points $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^N$ there exists a unique rational curve of degree $d$ ...

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214 views

### Rational curves in projective spaces

Let $X\subset(\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ be the variety defined as follows: $(p_1,...,p_n)\in (\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ such that there exists a rational curve $C$ of degree $d$ with $p_1,...,p_n\in C$.
Is there a ...

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85 views

### On the compactification of moduli space of vector bundles

Let $X$ be an irreducible, nodal curve over an algebraically closed field of genus at least $2$. Denote by $U(r,d)$ (resp. $U^0(r,d)$) the moduli space of torsion-free (resp. locally free) sheaves of ...

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### Does there exist a continuous surjection? [closed]

Let $C$ be an irreducible projective cubic in $\mathbb{P}_2$ with a singular point $p$. So consider $f: \mathbb{P}_1 \to C$ defined as follows. Identify $\mathbb{P}_1$ with the set of lines in ...

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242 views

### Is every proper regular relative algebraic space curve over a Dedekind domain projective?

This question is in some sense a follow up to a related question Is a normal proper relative curve over a DVR projective?
Let $R$ be a Dedekind domain, let $S := \mathrm{Spec}(R)$, and let $X ...

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### Do discrete valuation rings correspond to local rings of points in fibre?

Given projective curves $C$ and $C'$ and a surjective morphism $\varphi\colon C\to C'$, such that $Q\in C'$ is a smooth point and its fibre $\varphi^{-1}(Q)$ consists of smooth points.
Then ...

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### Embedding curves in hypersurfaces

Consider a curve $C$ in $\mathbb{F}_q^m$, say. I am interested in the existence of curves not contained in any small degree hypersurface.
For instance, a helix is not contained (or non-embeddable) in ...

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### Extending the Abel-Jacobi map over the DM-compactification $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_2$?

Let $\mathcal{M}_2$ be the moduli space of genus two curves and $\mathcal{A}_2$ the moduli space of principally polarized abelian surfaces. Then the Abel-Jacobi map gives an open embedding ...

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139 views

### Graded ring of a genus 2 curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex curve of genus 2 with canonical divisor $K$. $X$ of course is hyperelliptic and has an involution that I denote by $j$.
There exists 3 possibilities for ...

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124 views

### Are two line bundles with the same ramification type necessarily isomorphic?

I have no motivation for the following problem, I am just curious if it is true or not. Here it is:
If $l_1$ and $l_2$ are two complete $g^r_d$'s on a smooth curve $C$ such that the vanishing ...

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### Example of a genus-1 degree-7 plane curve

I am wondering if anyone knows how to construct an explicit example of an irreducible plane curve of degree 7 with 14 double points. Such a curve would have genus 1.
One can show that for a general ...

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235 views

### Could we extend any line bundle on the smooth part of a singular curve to a line bundle on the whole curve?

Let $X$ be a singular curve over an algebraic closed field $k$ with characteristic zero. Let $Z$ be the closed subset of singular points on $X$ and $U=X-Z$ be the smooth part, which is an open subset ...

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123 views

### Elliptic Curve Multiplication [closed]

What would happen if I performed Elliptic Curve multiplication on some random point within the FiniteField that wasn't actually on the curve? I assume that I would get a point in return but would that ...

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### Is there any explicit result on the triangulated category of singularities of a curve?

This question is related to this MO question.
Let $X$ be a projective curve over a field $\mathbb{C}$. We have the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves $D^b_{coh}(X)$ and the derived category ...

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### What is the relation between the $K_0$ of a singular curve and its normalization?

Let $X$ be a singular curve over a field $k$. We define $K_0(X)$ to be the Grothendieck group of the category of coherent sheaves on $X$.
For $X$ we have its normalization $\widetilde{X}$ and hence ...

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226 views

### Are curves over imperfect fields defined over a smaller field?

Let $C$ be regular projective curve defined over a field $K$. Let $K/L$ be a totally inseparable finite extension. Does there exist a regular projective curve $C'$ over $L$ such that that the pullback ...

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### the associated action on the transition functions

Let $X$ be a curve with an involution $\sigma$ generically unramified, given a $G-$bundle $E$ of rank $r$, than we ca take its pull-back, I want to describe the action of $\sigma$ on $G$. Fix a ...

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### Construction of curves and morphisms

Given any triple of positive integers $(g',g,d)$ with $2g'-2\geq d(2g-2)$.
Does there always exist curves $C_{g'},C_g$ of genus $g',g$ with a degree $d$ morphism $f\colon C_{g'}\to C_g$?
If we fix ...

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133 views

### Reflexive sheaves on stable curves

Let $C$ be a stable curve over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and $\mathcal{F}$ be a reflexive sheaf on $C$. Is $\mathcal{F}$ locally free?
EDIT Is the projective dimension ...

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240 views

### A question about Weil restriction

Let $\pi:\tilde{C}\rightarrow C$ be a ramified cover between two smooth curves. And consider a group scheme $\mathcal G$ over $\tilde{C}$, I have found two definitions for Weil restriction:
...

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322 views

### Will (general points + small number of arbitrary points) impose independent condtions on plane curves?

It is well known that imposing vanishing at general points of $\mathbb P^2$ gives independent conditions on curves of degree $d$. Also, it is known that a small number ($\le d+1$) points always impose ...

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### Universal curve of stacks of stable curve

Let $\overline{M}_{g,A}$ the moduli stack of pointed genus $g$ stable curves with weights $A = (a_1,...,a_n)$ introduced in
Brendan Hassett, Moduli spaces of weighted pointed stable curves, Adv. ...

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### Is a normal proper relative curve over a DVR projective?

Let $X$ be a connected normal scheme equipped with a proper flat morphism $f\colon X \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec }(R)$ with $R$ a discrete valuation ring and such that the fibers of $f$ are curves (i.e., ...

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### Evaluation maps for moduli of stable maps

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}(\mathbb{P}^N,d)$ be the moduli space of stable maps of degree $d$ from curves of genus zero with $n$-marked points to $\mathbb{P}^N$.
Consider the product of the evaluation ...

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232 views

### Disjoint curves in an algebraic surface

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface (over the complex) with $p_g=q=0$. Is it possible to have disjoint curves $C_1,\ldots, C_b$, of positive genus, spanning $H_2(X,{\mathbb Q})$, $b=b_2(X)$?
(When $X$ is ...

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306 views

### On equations defining space curves

I am reading a text by Prof. Szpiro Tata lectures on equations defining space curves. In the proof of Proposition $1.2$ on page $12$ he gives explicit description of the defining equations of a local ...

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151 views

### Frey's Formula and utilisation of the Hasse Invariant in “Links between Stable elliptic curves and Diophantine equations.”

In the paper "Links between Stable elliptic curves and Diophantine equations" for an elliptic curve $E$ with normal Weierstrass form $$y^2 = x^3 -g_2x -g_3$$ with $g_i \in \mathbb{Z}$ w.l.o.g. Then ...

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### Obstruction and rational points on curves

Is etale-Brauer the only obstruction to the existence of rational points on projective plane curves over number fields?

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### Map of the Klein quartic from $CP^2$ to $R^3$

The Klein quartic $\mathcal{Q}$ is cut out of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ by the homogeneous equation $$x^3 y + y^3 z + z^3 x = 0.$$ It has 168 orientation preserving automorphisms and includes several copies of ...

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### Degree of irreducible locally free sheaves and global sections on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $X$ of rank $2$ and negative degree. Assume further that $\mathcal{F}$ is irreducible in the sense, $\mathcal{F}$ cannot ...

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637 views

### Sum of consecutive cubes

I'm investigating when the sum of $n$ consecutive cubes equals a cube, i.e., for which $n$ does
$$\sum_{i=0}^{n-1} (k+i)^3 = k^3 + (k+1)^3 + \cdots + (k+n-1)^3 = Y^3 $$
have nontrivial solutions ...

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### Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$.
Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...

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### Relation between intersection and product of ideals

Let $C$ be a smooth projective (irreducible) curve in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n$. Denote by $I_C$ the ideal of $C$. Let $g \in I_C\backslash I_{C}^2$, an irreducible element. Is it true that for any ...

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### constant of functional equation of zeta function

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve, of geometric genus $g$, over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ and consider the zeta function $$
Z(C/\mathbb{F}_p, t)=\exp(\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} |C(\mathbb{F}_{q^n})| ...

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### automorphism group of a function field

Suppose that F is a function field of a single variable over a finite field. The automorphism group Aut(F) acts on the places of F and permutes all places of a given degree. I have a few questions:
...

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### Curve associated to bipartite graph

Given real biadjacency matrix $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ of a bipartite graph with rank $r\in[2,n-1]$, denote $A(x)$ to be matrix where $0$ is replaced by $x$ and $1$ by $1-x$. Denote ...

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### Normalization (integral closure) of $\mathbb Z_p[x]$ in function field of a curve to obtain Model of curve

I want to follow this construction of a normal model of a curve:
Let $p\neq 2,3$ and $Y\to \mathbb P¹$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb Q_p$ with function field $L/\mathbb Q_p(x)$ e.g. ...

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### Does a semistable curve descend to a regular base?

Let $f\colon X \rightarrow S$ be a semistable curve of genus $g \ge 0$. Being a semistable curve means that $f$ is a morphism of schemes such that
$f$ is proper, flat, and of finite presentation;
...

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### When does a hyperelliptic Riemann surface admit a map of degree 3

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g>1$.
For which $g$ does $X$ admit a map $X\to \mathbb P^1$ of degree $3$?
I think a genus two curve $X$ admits a map of degree $3$.
Proof: Pick $P$ ...

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### Schematic image of a relative Cartier divisor of a fiberwise dense open

Let $S$ be a scheme and $A$ an abelian $S$-scheme, i.e., $A \rightarrow S$ is a proper smooth $S$-group scheme whose fibers are $g$-dimensional abelian varieties. Suppose that one has a fiberwise ...

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262 views

### Rigid curves, and the “richness” of their homology class

Let $X$ be a complex smooth projective variety, and $C\subset X$ a smooth curve. Then $C$ defines a cycle $$\beta=[C]\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z).$$
I have a very vague question about this situation:
Q. ...

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### Symmetric power of an etale map of curves

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ an etale morphism of smooth curves over $k$. Let $f^{[n]}\colon X^{[n]} \rightarrow Y^{[n]}$ be the induced morphism on $n$-th ...