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2
votes
0answers
139 views

When are Hilbert schemes connected by piecewise smooth curves?

Are there examples of Hilbert scheme $H$ of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ such that there exists an irreducible component $L$ of $H$ such that for any two points in $L$, there exist smooth projective ...
9
votes
1answer
207 views

Minimal number of intersection of curves in $\mathbb P^2$

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two smooth curves of degrees $m$ and $n$ in $\mathbb CP^2$. By Bezout's theorem the maximal number of their intersections is $mn$. I wonder if the minimal possible number is ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity of curves

Let $C$ be a projective curve (scheme of pure dimension $1$). This induces a short exact sequence $$0 \to \mathcal{I}_C \to \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n} \to i_*\mathcal{O}_C \to 0$$ for some $n$ such ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Deformation of complete intersection curves

Let $\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a family of smooth surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $\mathcal{C} \to B$ be a family of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume that for all $b \in B$, the fiber $\mathcal{C}_b$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

On a difference between $i_!$ and $i_*$ over $\mathbb{P}^1$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing a line $l$. Denote by $C$ the curve corresponding to the divisor $2l$. Let $p \in C$ be a closed point. Denote by $U:=C \backslash ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Higher Weierstrass points on curves of genus 3

So this question is directly related to a comment made by David Mumford in his Lecture 1 given at U. Michigan in 1974 entitled: What is a curve and how explicitly can we describe them ? Mumford ...
3
votes
0answers
163 views

How to induce infinitesimal deformations on curves

Let $C_1, C_2$ be two projective curves (a scheme of pure dimension $1$) in $\mathbb{P}^3$. The Hilbert scheme of curves contains informations of deformations of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. The question ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Does the normalization morphism induce isomorphism on residue fields?

The question is basically coming from the following situation: Let $C$ be an integral curve over a field $k$ (EDIT and assume that $k$ is not algebraically closed) and let $\phi\colon C^N\to C$ be the ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Pull-back of globally generated sheaves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, $D=\sum_i n_iD_i$ an effective Cartier divisor. Let $C$ be a smooth irreducible curve on $X$. Denote by $i:C \hookrightarrow X$ is the closed ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

How to obtain the Period matrix from the Igusa Invariants of a genus two curve?

I am looking for an algorithm to obtain the period matrix tau= (tau1 & tau12\ tau12 & tau2) from the Igusa invariants of a genus two curve. More precisely: I consider a family of genus two ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Restriction of sheaves on curves

Let $C$ be a scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $C_1$ be a closed subscheme of $C$ of pure dimension $1$. Denote by $i:C_1 \hookrightarrow C$ a closed immersion. Given a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $C$, ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Deligne-Mumford moduli spaces and compactification of symmetric matrices

The real Deligne-Mumford moduli space $\bar M_{0,n+1}(\mathbb R)$ of stable genus zero curves with $n+1$ marked points is a compactification of the space of configurations of $n$ distinct ordered ...
7
votes
1answer
158 views

Projective embedding in families of curves

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a family (flat, projective, surjective morphism) of projective curves (not necessarily reduced) where $B$ is smooth, irreducible. Suppose that for some closed point $b_0 ...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Can any curve be embedded into $\mathbb{P}^3$?

We know from Hartshorne's "Algebraic geometry" that if a curve $C$ is smooth then there exists a closed immersion of $C$ into $\mathbb{P}^3$. Does this still hold if $C$ is not generically reduced or ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

Weierstrass points on modular curves

What is knowns about Weierstrass points on modular curves? Are there any explicit formulas of them, or any information about Weierstrass gaps? I am interested in (compactifications of) the quotients ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Example of non-vanishing of first cohomology of a torsion coherent sheaf on a curve

By a curve we mean a projective scheme of pure dimension one. Can some one give an example of a curve $C$ and a torsion coherent sheaf on $C$ such that its first cohomology group does not vanish? ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Projective embedding of non-reduced curves

By curve I mean a scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $(\Gamma(C_{red},\mathcal{L}))$ be a complete linear system on $C_{red}$ which gives a projective embedding $C_{red} \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$ ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Surjectivity of global sections of sheaf of Kaehler differentials

By a curve I mean a scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $C_1, C_2$ be a local complete intersection curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ such that $C_1 \cap C_2$ are finitely many points. Assume further that ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ that are trivial on certain $F$-curves

Inside the moduli space of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ one can distinguish two classes of $F$-curves isomorphic to $\mathbb{P}^1$: those of type $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,4}$, and those of ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

Singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Let $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of $n$-pointed genus $g$ Deligne-Mumford stable curves. This is a normal projective scheme. Then $$codim_{\overline{M}_{g,n}}Sing(\overline{M}_{g,n})\geq ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Non-abelian group from affine hermitian curve

I was playing with the Hermitian curve $y^q + y = x^{q+1}$ over the field $GF(q^2)$ and chanced upon the following (non Abelian) group law on the points of the affine curve: $(a,b) * (c,d) = ...
0
votes
2answers
289 views

Global sections of the structure sheaf of a non-reduced projective scheme

Let $C$ be a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ which is of local complete intersection is some smooth surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume $C$ is non-reduced. What can we say about $h^0(\mathcal{O}_C)$? When can ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

A question on the existence of the quotient of the Hilbert scheme of tricanonical curves

In order to construct the coarse moduli scheme of smooth projective curves of genus $g$, the classical results of Mumford (using the numerical criterion of stability) say that for large enough $m$, ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Connections on the Hodge bundle?

Let $\mathcal{M}_g$ be the moduli space of curves of genus $g$. Consider the holomorphic bundle $\mathcal{H}^k\rightarrow\mathcal{M}_g$ whose fiber over a curve $C\in\mathcal{M}_g$ is the space of ...
3
votes
2answers
226 views

spin bundle vs. hodge bundle

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ the space of $n$ pointed $r$-stable curves of genus $g$, endowed with a root of the canonical sheaf, and let $\mathcal{C} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}^r_{g,n}$ be ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Automorphisms of function fields under constant reduction

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(x,y)$ be a function field of genus at least 2, with defining equation $f(x,y)=0$ (say, absolutely irreducible and with coefficients not divisible by $p$), and let $k$ be the mod-$p$ ...
12
votes
2answers
680 views

Permuting collinear points on a curve

Let $C \subset {\bf CP}^2$ be an irreducible algebraic smooth (projectively) planar curve over the complex numbers of degree $d$ (we allow finitely many points to be deleted from $C$ to make it ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Etale covers of products of curves

Is a finite etale cover of a product of curves again a product of curves? The answer is no in general. Here's one way to construct an example. Take the product $A$ of two elliptic curves and an ...
0
votes
2answers
269 views

Rationality of curve does not depend on base change

By a curve I mean an integral one-dimensional scheme of finite type over a spectrum of a field. Let $C$ be a curve over an arbitrary field $k$. It's probably a very well known fact, that $C$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Hopf lemma for line bundles on curves in algebraic geometry

In the paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0110256v1.pdf Claire Voisin proves that all linear subspaces which lie inside of a (not too big) secant variety of a smooth projective curve must lie inside one ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

curves in varieties

Let $V$ be an affine algebraic variety defined over $\mathbb R$. We assume that $V\subset \mathbb A_n$(affine $n$ space). Suppose that for any algebraic curve $C$ in $V$ defined over $\mathbb R$, ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

branch locus of the discriminant map $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r} \to \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

Let $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of pointed, stable, genus $g$ curves. Let $\overline{\mathcal{H}}_{g',r}$ be the hurwitz space of cyclic covers of degree $r$ of genus $g$ curves ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

Finite number of points as intersection of two plane curves

How to prove that any finite set in the affine plane is realizable as intersection of TWO plane curves? Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
164 views

Complete Linear system on Del Pezzo surfaces

Is there always a reducible curve (EDIT: with exactly two irreducible components intersecting in at least 2 points) in a complete linear system (EDIT: of dimension at least 2 with curves of genus at ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Hodge bundle on F-curves

Let $\mathbb{E}\rightarrow\overline{M}_{g,n}$ be the Hodge bundle. Let us cosider an $F$-curve of type $\overline{M}_{1,1}\subseteq\overline{M}_{g,n}$. Is the degree of the restriction of $\mathbb{E}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
402 views

Nagata's conjecture in positive characteristic

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ irreducible reduced curve passes then ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Totally tangent planes to a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$

How many planes are totally tangent to a curve of $\mathbb{P}^3$ which is intersection of a generic quadric and a generic cubic? Or equivalently, considering the cubic as a blow up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Automorphisms of rational (connected) projective curves

To fix the ideas all curves are supposed to be defined over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $C$ be a rational connected projective curve. Note that we don't assume the curve to be smooth. Let $Aut(C)$ be the group ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

F-curves and divisors on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$

It is conjectured that a divisor on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$ would be ample if $D\cdot C >0$ for all F-curves $C\subset \overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$. Does the intersection degree with all ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Existence of a curve with no points over finite separable field extensions

Does there exist a field $K$, and a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $C$ over $K$ such that, for all finite separable field extensions $L/K$ the curve $C$ has no $L$-rational points? I ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

open subset in constructible set of divisors

Let a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let a pair $(x, D)$ a pair xith a closed point $x$ and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$, such that $d_{x}:=m_{x}(D)\neq 0$. Let $N=\deg (D)$ and ...
6
votes
0answers
489 views

Bezout Theorem in $\mathbb P^3$

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ curve passes then $d^2\geq ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

restriction of a root line bundle to a component of a stable curve

Suppose I have a stable, reducible, nodal curve with two components $C' \cup C''=C$ and two line bundles $L$ and $M$ on $C$. Suppose furthermore that $L^{\otimes r}=M$. What can I say about the ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

lift sections on a thickened curve

Let $X$ a curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $D$ a divisor on X. Fix an integer $N$ and a closed point $x$ on $X$, we assume that $\deg(D)$ is big enough such that we have a surjective ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Counting plane curves over various fields

Fix two integers $d$ and $g$. The number of genus $g$ and degree $d$ curves passing through $3d+g-1$ generic points on the complex projective plane is finite and doesn't depend on the choice of ...
9
votes
2answers
192 views

Effectiveness of the distinguished theta characteristic in characteristic 2

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 2. Let $C$ be a (smooth projective connected) curve over $k$. Can there exist a rational function on $C$ whose differential is holomorphic ...
3
votes
3answers
306 views

General curves of genus 3 as plane sections of Kummer surfaces

Is it true that a general curve of genus 3 is a plane section of an appropriate Kummer surface in $\mathbb P^3$? By Kummer surface I mean image of a principally polarized Abelian surface w.r.t. the ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

Determine asymptotic behavior of algebraic curves

Take an example polynomial $f(x, y) = y^2 x + y^3 - x^2$. A solution to $f(x,y)=0$ exists with Puiseux series given by $y(x) = x^{2/3} - x/3 + x^{4/3}/9+\cdots$. I got this by having Mathematica ...
1
vote
2answers
379 views

Equations of elliptic curves

First part of question I have asked on mathoverflow already: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/467088/explict-form-of-the-equation-of-elliptic-curve 1) Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic ...
3
votes
3answers
188 views

Reference for hyperelliptic curves

I was reading a paper the other day that said that all automorphisms of a hyperelliptic curve are liftings of automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^1$ operating on the set of branch points. Can someone point ...