# Tagged Questions

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### Why is the section conjecture important?

As in the title, I want to know the reason for importance of the section conjecture. Of course, the statement of conjecture is important as itself, even I cannot fully grasp the soul of it. However, ...
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### Non-hyperelliptic families of curves with trivial Ceresa class (or Gross-Schoen class)

Suppose X/K is a curve over a field K, which we want to think of as non-algebraically closed, and let x be a point of X(K). The Ceresa cycle is defined as follows; you can embed X in Jac(X) by sending ...
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### The minimum genus of a family of degree $12$ algebraic curves which comes from the resultant of two quartic polynomials

Let $f(t)$ be a rational normal cubic curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$ (it is not contained in any plane) and also we assume that this cubic curve passes through two points $(0,0,0)$ and $(1,0,0)$. By an easy ...
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### minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume that $K$ has class number one. Consider the following infinite set: $S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...
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### What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...
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### Units of $\mathbf Z[X,Y]/(P(X,Y))$

Let $P(X,Y)\in \mathbf Z[X,Y]$ be an irreducible polynomial and let $A$ denote the quotient ring $\mathbf Z[X,Y]/(P)$. What is known about the group of units of $A$? It's not even clear to me that ...
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### How to obtain the Period matrix from the Igusa Invariants of a genus two curve?

I am looking for an algorithm to obtain the period matrix tau= (tau1 & tau12\ tau12 & tau2) from the Igusa invariants of a genus two curve. More precisely: I consider a family of genus two ...
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### Weierstrass points on modular curves

What is knowns about Weierstrass points on modular curves? Are there any explicit formulas of them, or any information about Weierstrass gaps? I am interested in (compactifications of) the quotients ...
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### Equations of elliptic curves

First part of question I have asked on mathoverflow already: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/467088/explict-form-of-the-equation-of-elliptic-curve 1) Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic ...
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### Analogy between Jacobian of curve and Ideal class group

It is excerpt from "Algebraic Geometry Codes Basic ...
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### On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields). Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...
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### Quadratic reciprocity and Weil reciprocity theorem

I was told that Weil reciprocity theorem (one has two meromorphic function $f,g$ on a complex curve $C$, so $\prod\limits_{x\in C} g(x)^{ord_xf}=\prod\limits_{x\in C}f(x)^{ord_xg} \$ where $ord_xf$ ...
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### Conductor of an elliptic curve

Given any elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $N$, by modularity of elliptic curves, there exists a surjective morphism from $X_0(N)$ $\rightarrow$ $E$.There may be several such 'N' and ...
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### Trace of Frobenius over $F_q$

Let $q_0$ be a prime and $q$ = $q_0^n$. Let $a(F_q/F_{q_0})$ denote any integer which is trace of Frobenius over the field $F_q$ for some elliptic curve which can be defined over $F_{q_0}$. It is ...
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### Bound for the number of rational points on the modular curve

By Mazur's theorems (Reference:- Modular curves and the Eisenstein ideal, 1977), we know that the only rational points of X_0(N) for N any prime > 163 are the two cusps (o) and (oo) (|X_0(N)(Q)| = 2 ...
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### Function fields of characteristic p modular curves, and mod p reductions of the classical modular equation

Let l and p be distinct primes, l>2. There are "characteristic p modular curves" X_0(l) and X(l), defined over an algebraic closure, K, of Z/p, solving moduli problems for elliptic curves with some ...
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### Soft proof of multiplicity one for character groups of Shimura curves?

Is it not possible to prove mutiplicity one type statements for character groups of quaternionic Shimura curves by simply using Raynaud's description for character groups at primes dividing the ...
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### Does every hyperbolic curve over a finite field have an etale cover with a real Frobenius eigenvalue?

More precisely: let X/F_q be a smooth projective algebraic curve of genus at least 2. Does there always exist a curve Y/F_{q^d} with a finite etale projection Y -> X, such that one of the Frobenius ...
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### The work of E. Artin and F. K. Schmidt on (what are now called) the Weil conjectures.

I was reading Dieudonne's "On the history of the Weil conjectures" and found two things that surprised me. Dieudonne makes some assertions about the work of Artin and Schmidt which are no doubt ...