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10
votes
0answers
135 views

What is the lowest-weight non-cyclotomic Galois representation in $\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}$?

I want to know about low-weight Galois representations in $H^i(\overline{\mathcal M}_{g,n}, \overline{\mathbb Q}_\ell)$ that aren't cyclotomic. This should be equivalent to finding $p,q$ such that ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

Strengthening of Suslin's rigidity argument?

To fix the situation, let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$. Suslin's rigidity argument implies in particular that any class in ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Moduli of curves in characteristic zero

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, and let $\overline{K}$ be its algebraic closure. Let $\overline{M}_{g,n}(K)$ and $\overline{M}_{g,n}(\overline{K})$ be the coarse moduli spaces parametrizing ...
13
votes
0answers
493 views
+50

New(?) reciprocity law

Consider three functions $f, g$ and $h$ on a smooth curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I have found the following equality: $$\sum (res(f\frac{dg}{g})\frac{dh}{h}-res(f\frac{dh}{h})\frac{dg}{g})=0.$$ Here ...
11
votes
0answers
435 views

Degrees of maps from curves to $\mathbb P^1$

Let $a$ and $b$ be two relatively prime natural numbers. What is the largest number $c$ such that there is a curve with maps to $\mathbb P^1$ of degree $a$ and $b$ but no map to $\mathbb P^1$ of ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Uniqueness of lifting of very ample line bundle on smooth proper surfaces over DVR

Let $R$ be a complete Henselian discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, $X_R$ be a surface smooth, proper and flat over $R$. Assume that the residue field $k$ of $R$ is algebraically closed of ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Uniform position property and general hyperplanes

Given an irreducible curve $C$ of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^r$ and a general hyperplane $H\subset\mathbb{P}^r$, the uniform position theorem states that any $r$ points on the hyperplane section $H\cap ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Invertible functions on open subset of hyperelliptic curve

Let $C \to \mathbf P^1$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g \ge 2$ obtained as a double cover of $\mathbf P^1$ branched at $r$ points. Let $\tilde U\subset C$ be its open subset obtained by removing ...
-2
votes
0answers
23 views

How can I find a tranformation matrix/Mathematical relation between two 5th degree polynomial curves in space? [migrated]

I have the equation of two 5th degree polynomials which they don't intersect with each other. Each curve is made of 100 points and these two curves look similar but there are small differences. I am ...
6
votes
1answer
324 views

Understanding of Tamagawa numbers of hyperelliptic curve

One's can find following definition of tamagawa numbers in Dino Lorenzini paper "Torsion and Tamagawa numbers": Let $K$ be any discrete valuation field with ring of integers $O_K$ , uniformizer ...
6
votes
2answers
254 views

Calculate reduction of Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

Suppose I have a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$ over $\mathbb Q$. I want to get information about its Jacobian reduction at prime $p$ (especially, in case $p=2$). Also I'm interesting in the group ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

A generalization of the Weil reciprocity law in a case of any two sections of line bundles on a curve

It seems to me that there should exist a generalization of the Weil reciprocity law on curves, where instead of functions one takes arbitrary sections of two line bundles. More precisely, it might ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Units of Endomorphism Rings of Jacobian Varieties with Real Multiplication

Let $(A,a)$ be a principally polarised (with indecomposable polarisation) Abelian variety over $\mathbb C$. Assume that End(A) contains an order $R$ of a totally real number field of degree $>1$ ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

Conditions for a parametric curve to avoid self-intersection?

Suppose a planar curve $C$ is defined by parametric equations in $t$: $x(t)$ and $y(t)$. Are there conditions on these two functions that guarantee that $C$ does not self-intersect? For example, the ...
9
votes
2answers
414 views

Rigorous version of heuristic argument for genus-degree formula?

A recent MO question about non-rigorous reasoning reminded me of something I've wondered about for some time. The genus–degree formula says that genus $g$ of a nonsingular projective plane curve of ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

A problem related to deformation of irrational curves

The following question arises from the proof of "bend-and-break" lemma: Let $X$ be a projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $C$ be an irrational smooth curve. Let $c \in C$ be a fixed closed point. ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

A basic question on complete intersection liaisons of curves

I am a beginner in the Linkage theory and would like to clarify certain points I am not sure of. Let $P$ be the Hilbert polynomial of a curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $L$ be an irreducible component of ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Moduli space of sheaves on a ribbon

In the paper "A non-linear deformation of the Hitchin dinamycal system", Donagi-Ein-Lazarsfeld describe the irreducible components of the moduli space $\mathcal M_R$ of stable sheaves of numerical ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Varieties with polynomial point count and no odd cohomology

Let $X$ be a proper algebraic variety. $X$ is said to have polynomial point count if there is a polynomial $P$ such that for all finite fields $\mathbb F_q$ with $q$ elements, $|X(đť”˝_q)|=P(q)$. If in ...
2
votes
0answers
183 views

Beautiful curves in Gromov-Witten theory, and in Donaldson-Thomas theory

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective threefold, and $\beta\in H_2(X,\mathbb Z)$ a curve class. In the Kontsevich's moduli space of stable maps, $\overline M_g(X;\beta)$, a general point $[f:C\to X]$ ...
8
votes
2answers
359 views

Is a Deligne-Mumford curve defined over Qbar if and only if its coarse moduli space is

Let $\mathcal X$ be a smooth proper finite type Deligne-Mumford stack over $\mathbb C$ that is generically a scheme. Let $X$ be its coarse moduli space. If $\mathcal X$ can be defined over ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Unique decomposition of locally free sheaf

Below let's work over coherent sheaves on a smooth projective algebraic curve. We call a subsheaf $\mathcal{F'}$ of $\mathcal{F}$ saturated if it $\mathcal{F/F'}$ is locally free. We call a locally ...
7
votes
0answers
265 views

The curve $(x+y+z)^3=27xyz$

Can someone point me to literature about the curve defined by $F(x,y,z):=(x+y+z)^3-27xyz$? I'm sure this curve must be well-studied, due to the remarkable property that $$ F(x^3,y^3,z^3) = ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Units of $\mathbf Z[X,Y]/(P(X,Y))$

Let $P(X,Y)\in \mathbf Z[X,Y]$ be an irreducible polynomial and let $A$ denote the quotient ring $\mathbf Z[X,Y]/(P)$. What is known about the group of units of $A$? It's not even clear to me that ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

plotting parametrized algebraic curves near singularities

I have a parametrized algebraic curve: x(t)=A(t)/D(t); y(t)=B(t)/D(t); with A(t) and B(t) being polynomials in t. The curve is solution of a linear system in two unknowns x and y with Cramer's ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Proof of the Belyi's theorem: where it is really used the hypothesis?

Consider the Belyi's theorem: If a smooth projective curve $X$ is defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, then there exists a finite morphism $X\longrightarrow\mathbb P^1(\mathbb C)$ with at most ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Surfaces singular along a curve

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth curve a degree $d$ and genus $g$. Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the system of surfaces of degree $k$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing $C$ with multiplicity $\beta$. What is ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Etale covers of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus at least two. Let $Y\to X$ be a finite etale morphism with $Y$ connected.Then $Y$ is a smooth projective connected curve. Is $Y$ hyperelliptic? More ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

multi-tangent space for algebraic curves

For a general plane curve of degree $\ge 4$, the number of bitangent lines is known. Also, I found that the number of tritangent planes have been worked out for some space curves given by intersection ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

degree 7 rational curves through ten points in P4

This is a very classical flavoured question, and probabaly it is not difficult. I would like to know the shape of the space of rational degree 7 curves in $P^4$ that pass through 10 fixed points. By ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Curve of degree $d$ through $2d+1$ points in $\mathbb P^3$

It is known that a Hilbert scheme of degree $d$ curves in $\mathbb P^3$ can have dimension more than $4d$. But, does it imply that for some types of curves there are such a curve through any, say, ...
8
votes
0answers
138 views

Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Counting curves of degree 4 in $\mathbb{P}^{3}$

Let $p_1,...,p_8\in\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be points in linear general position. Then there exists a unique elliptic curve $C$ of degree $4$ passing through $p_1,...,p_8$. I am interested in what happens for ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Normalization of a curve and push forward of vector bundles

Let $C$ be a projective curve (over an algebraically closed field, not necessarily of characteristic zero) which is smooth except for exact one node. Let $\pi:\tilde{C} \to C$ be its normalization. ...
7
votes
1answer
198 views

Finite morphisms to projective space

Let $X$ be a projective variety of dimension n. Then there exists a finite surjective morphism $X \to \mathbf P^n$. Let $d$ be the minimal degree of such a finite surjective morphism. Let $d^\prime ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Degeneracy divisor of the “trace” morphism

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a finite morphism of smooth curves over an alg. closed field of characteristic zero. I recently asked how methods reminiscent of basic algebraic number theory can be used to ...
9
votes
1answer
249 views

Showing that $2c_1(f_*\mathscr O_X)=-f_*R_f$ on curves, maybe by local fields

I originally asked this question on Mathematic StackExchange, but it did not seem to be attracting any attention, so now I am trying mathoverflow. I hope it is not too simple or unappropriate a ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

general position lemma for tangent lines of an algebraic curve

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible algebraic curve in $\mathbb{P} V$. The general position lemma states that the points given by general hyperplane section of $X$ are "in general position". I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Embed the normalization of a curve in a larger space

I'd like to believe that this problem has a positive answer, but I don't know a nice reference. Actually I've never worked with embedded curves, so I apologize in advance if the question is too silly. ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Function field Towers of larger depth of recursion

A function field tower is a sequence of function fields $$\mathcal{F}_0 \subset \mathcal{F}_1 \subset \mathcal{F}_2 \dots \subset \mathcal{F}_{n} \subset \mathcal{F}_{n+1} \subset \dots $$ over a base ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

Curve of 3-secant lines

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be a smooth, non-degenerate curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $d$ be the degree of $C$ and $g$ be its genus. Consider the variety ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

factorizing a quartic plane curve as $f_3f_1-f_2^2$

Let $C$ be a quartic plane curve. Suppose that for a given coordinate system $C=(F_4(x_0,x_1,x_2)=0)$ where there the polynomial $F_4$ factorizes as $$ F_4(x_0,x_1,x_2) = ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

When is the Clifford index of a curve computed by pencils?

Under which circumstances is the Clifford index of a curve computed by pencils?
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Determining the desingularization from the complete local ring

Suppose I have a curve $C$ over a field $k$ and that $p$ is a singular point of $C$. Let $f : X \to C$ be the desingularization of $C$ at $p$. Then for each $s \in f^{-1}(p)$ we have a map of local ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

When are arithmetic and geometric monodromy equal?

Let $f: Y\to X$ be a finite separable morphism of curves over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. Is there a simple condition under which the arithmetic and geometric monodromy of the covering are equal ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

When are Hilbert schemes connected by piecewise smooth curves?

Are there examples of Hilbert scheme $H$ of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$ such that there exists an irreducible component $L$ of $H$ such that for any two points in $L$, there exist smooth projective ...
9
votes
1answer
204 views

Minimal number of intersection of curves in $\mathbb P^2$

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two smooth curves of degrees $m$ and $n$ in $\mathbb CP^2$. By Bezout's theorem the maximal number of their intersections is $mn$. I wonder if the minimal possible number is ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity of curves

Let $C$ be a projective curve (scheme of pure dimension $1$). This induces a short exact sequence $$0 \to \mathcal{I}_C \to \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n} \to i_*\mathcal{O}_C \to 0$$ for some $n$ such ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Deformation of complete intersection curves

Let $\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a family of smooth surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $\mathcal{C} \to B$ be a family of curves in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume that for all $b \in B$, the fiber $\mathcal{C}_b$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

On a difference between $i_!$ and $i_*$ over $\mathbb{P}^1$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing a line $l$. Denote by $C$ the curve corresponding to the divisor $2l$. Let $p \in C$ be a closed point. Denote by $U:=C \backslash ...