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### Singularities of algebraic curves, and torsion in the cotangent space

The problem in the following :
given an algebraic curve $C$, it's well-known that a smooth projective model of $C$ can be construct as the set of discrete valuations $v$ on it's function field ...

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### Fiber of the specialization map of Picard groups

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ of positive characteristic and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $\pi:X_R \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be flat, projective ...

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### Does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point? [closed]

If $k$ is an infinite perfect field and if $f \in k[x, y]$ is nonconstant irreducible, cutting out the affine plane curve $C$, then does $C(k)$ necessarily contain a smooth point?

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208 views

### Quotients of curves of genus $4$ by a free $\mathbb{Z}/ 3 \mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $V_2$ and $V_3$ be the two hypersurfaces of $\mathbb P^3$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
V_2:={x_2x_3 + r(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \quad V_3:={x_2^3+x_3^3+s(x_0, \, x_1)=0},
\end{equation*}
where $r, \, s ...

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176 views

### Lattice points near a curve

Bombieri and Pila had a well known bound for the count of lattice points on an algebraic curve in the plane. Does it generalize to a bound for the count of lattice points near (say within a distance ...

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### Quadrics cutting out a polygon

Let $l_1,l_2,l_3,l_4,l_5\subset \mathbb P^4_k$ be distinct lines such that $|l_i\cap l_{i+1}|=1$ for all $i\ mod\ 5$ and $l_i\cap l_j\neq \emptyset\iff j=i+1\ mod\ 5$ (so that $\cup_{i=1}^5l_i$ is a ...

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### Polynomials with the same values set on the unit circle

Assume that $P(z)$, $Q(z)$ are complex polynomials such that $P(S)=Q(S)$, where $S=\{z\colon |z|=1\}$ (equality is understood in the sense of sets, but I do not know the answer even for multisets). ...

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195 views

### Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$.
We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...

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### Stable vector bundles in Weil's parametrization

Let $C$ be a smooth projective algebraic curve. Isomorphism classes of vector bundles on $C$ are in bijection with $GL_n(F) \backslash GL_n (\mathbb{A}) / GL_n(\mathcal{O})$, I think (one trivalizes ...

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### Is there a covering of Prym variety?

$\mathstrut$Hi, guys!
Let $C$, $C^\prime$ be projective smooth irreducible algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field $k$ ($\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$), $\phi : C$ $\to$ $C^\prime$ a ...

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154 views

### Cohomology and deformations of moduli of vector bundles

I believe that the following is well-known, but I cannot find a reference
in the literature...
Let $X$ be a smooth variety (in our case $X = M^s(r)$ coarse moduli space of stable rank $r$ vector ...

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163 views

### Explicit form of certain polynomials and intersection of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $C, D$ two effective divisors on $X$ intersecting at finitely many points. Is it true that if $C$ and $D$ intersect in ''low'' number ...

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355 views

### Rational points on towers of curves

Let $\ldots \to X_n \to X_{n-1} \to \ldots \to X_0$ be etale maps between smooth projective curves of genera $g(X_n)>1$, all defined over a fixed number field $K$. By Faltings' Theorem, we know ...

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### Quotient of a smooth curve by a finite group and differentials

Let $X$ be a proper smooth connected curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$, and suppose that $X$ is equipped with a $k$-linear action of a finite group $G$. It makes sense ...

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194 views

### Existence of pencils on some special curves of genus 10

Everything over $\Bbb{C}$. Say we have a smooth curve $C$ of genus $10$ which is a double cover of a smooth plane cubic curve. Therefore $C$ admits a 1-dimensional family of pencils of degree 4 ...

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130 views

### Are curves with maximal Clifford index Brill-Noether general?

By the Brill-Noether Theorem, a general curve $C$ of genus $g\geq2$ has maximal Clifford index $\lfloor \frac{g-1}{2}\rfloor$. Hence a very naive question is:
(Q1) Is a curve with maximal Clifford ...

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### The gonality of smooth plane curves

I have often seen the assertion that for a smooth plane curve $C$ of degree $d$ the gonality of $C$ is $d-1$ and each gonality pencil is obtained by projection from a point of $C$ onto a line.
(let ...

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156 views

### Rational maps between elliptic curves [closed]

I am studying Silverman's "The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves" and I got the following question:
In the first chapters he defines rational between projective varieties (see the first definition in ...

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### Cubic, divisor of rational function $x/z$? [closed]

Let $k$ be a field, and let $a \neq 0$, $1 \in k$. Let $C = V(y^2z - x(x-z)(x - az))$. What is the divisor of the rational function $\psi([x, y, z]) = x/z \in k(C)$?

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### How to compute the arithmetic genus of a nonreduced curve?

Let $X$ be a nonreduced curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Suppose that the reduced scheme $X^{\rm red}$ associated to $X$ is a smooth projective curve with genus $g$, and $J \subset O_{X}$ ...

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### What happens to the gonality under a finite morphism of curves

Let $f:C\longrightarrow C'$ be a finite degree 2 morphism of smooth projective curves. If the gonality$(C')=k$, then we can say that the gonality$(C)\leq 2k$. Under what conditions is the gonality ...

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### Neron-Severi group for product of curves

Let $C$ be a general genus $g$ curve, how can we describe the Neron-Severi group of its $n$-th self product $C^n=C\times \dots \times C$?
It is a lattice in $H^2(C^n,\mathbb{Z})\cong ...

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146 views

### Is the Quot-scheme over non-singular curve reduced

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $C$ a non-singular projective curve over $k$ of genus at least $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $C$. Let $r,d$ be two integers satisfying ...

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### Automorphisms of curves in positive characteristic

It is well known that over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero a general curve (for an open subset of $M_g$) of genus $g\geq 3$ is automorphism-free.
Is this result still true over ...

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### About the difference variety of a curve

What is known about the singularity of the difference variety of a smooth curve $C$ of genus g>2? The difference variety is $C-C :=\{\mathcal{O}(p-q)| p,q\in C\} \subset Pic^0C$.

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### Where does the name $NE(X)$ come from?

Why do we call the cone of curves(effective one cycles) on a variety $X$ as $NE(X)$, what does $NE$ stand for?

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### Twisting locally free sheaves in characteristic $p$

Let $X$ be an irreducible nodal projective curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Denote by $\pi:\tilde{X} \to X$ the normalization of $X$. Recall, the short exact ...

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### Mapping class group of a punctured genus 0 surface

Let $T_{0,n}$ be the Teichmuller space of $n$-punctured genus $0$ Riemann surface, and $M_{0,n}$ the Moduli space (assume $n\geq 3$ and the punctures are numbered). What is the correct notion of the ...

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### Existense of semi-stable vector bundles on smooth curves in positive characteristic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $k$ of genus $g \ge 2$. Fix a polarization $L$ on $X$. Does there exist a semi-stable ...

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### Gonality and Clifford dimension of curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When/how can we say that any smooth curve $C\in |L|$ has maximal gonality $k=[\frac{g+3}{2}]$ and Clifford dimension 1. Is there some ...

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### Finite orbits on an elliptic curve with two generic involutions

Let $C$ be a (very) general genus 1 curve embedded in $\mathbb{CP}^1\times \mathbb{CP}^1$ as a (2,2)-divisor.
Each projection defines $C$ as a double cover of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and induces an ...

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### cross sections of semialgebric sets

Let n be bigger than two, and let A be a subset of the n-dimensional euclidean space. Suppose that the intersection of A with any (n-1)-dimensional affine hyperplane is semialgebraic. Can one conclude ...

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### Standard techniques on rationally connected varieties

Is there some standard technique or approach to determine when a (irreducible) subvariety of a rationally connected variety is again rationally connected? Any reference/text dealing with this kind of ...

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### A conjecture for a curve cuts a curve - variant Cayley-Bacharach's theorem

I propose a conjecture variant of Cayley-Bacharach's theorem.
I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this result. Could you give a solution or let me know ...

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### A conjecture associated with n-gon cut curve of degree m

This conjecture is a generalization of A theorem for cubic-A generalization of Carnot theorem, in MSE question. I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this ...

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### Galois groups of enumerative problems

Consider Harris's 1979 paper, Galois Groups of Enumerative Problems (see here for the paper itself).
Given a problem in enumerative geometry, there is in addition to the obvious question of finding ...

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### A question about complex plane algebraic curves

I would like to ask a question about plane projective curves. Let $C\subset{\mathbb P}_2={\mathbb P}(V)$ be a plane curve of degree $n\geq 3$. Then we have a non splitted exact sequence
...

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129 views

### The line bundle of the divisor at infinity of the moduli stack of stable curves of genus $g \ge 2$

Let $\overline{\mathscr{M}}_g$ be the $\mathbb{Z}$-algebraic stack of stable curves of genus $g \ge 2$, as constructed in the paper of Deligne and Mumford. The degeneracy locus of the universal stable ...

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### A property of the semi-local ring of the normalization of a singular curve

I have two following questions.
1) Let $R$ be a local ring in an algebraic function field of one variable over an algebraic closed field $k$. Let $\bar{R}$ and $m$ be its integral closure and maximal ...

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### Families of trigonal curves with hyperelliptic limit

Suppose I have a family of trigonal curves $C\to D$ over a closed disk $D$ where the central fiber $C_0$ is hyperelliptic (this is of course possible since the hyperelliptic locus is in the closure of ...

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### Motivic fundamental group of the moduli space of curves?

Suppose I have a smooth projective family of varieties of varieties over $\mathcal M_g$ - i.e. a universal functor, commuting with deformations, from curves to smooth projective varieties. Can I ...

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### Ring of functions regular away from $\infty$ of an algebraic curve

Suppose $X$ is a smooth, geometrically irreducible projective algebraic curve over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ and fix a closed point $\infty \in X$. Denote by $A = \Gamma(X - \{\infty\}, ...

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### Intuition behind if neither $D$ nor $K-D$ are equivalent to an effective divisor, then $\deg(D) = g-1$?

Is there any intuition behind the following fact?
If neither $D$ nor $K-D$ are equivalent to an effective divisor, then $\deg(D) = g-1$.
Here, $K$ is the canonical divisor. It means the degrees ...

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### Set of smooth curves on the Hilbert scheme is open. H

Let $H = Hilb_{d,g,r}$ be the Hilbert scheme of genus $g$ curves of degree $d$ in proyective space $\mathbb{P}^r$, over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Is it true that the set of points of $H$ ...

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### Existence of a map between curves

Given two algebraic curves defined over the rationals, is there a method for determining whether there exists a surjective map from one curve to the other? For instance, suppose X and Y are affine ...

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177 views

### Bézout's theorem for arcs in the plane

Consider two polynomials $p,q \in {\mathbb R}[x,y]$, both of degree $d$. Let $\gamma_p$ and $\gamma_q$ be the two curves in ${\mathbb R}^2$ that are defined by these polynomials, and assume that these ...

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### Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...

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156 views

### Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...

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### Riemann-Roch formula for nodal curves

Let $X$ be an irreducible, reduced, projective curve over an algebraically closed field, with at worst nodes as singularities. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a trivial vector bundle on $X$ of rank $r$. Consider ...

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164 views

### Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...