The algebraic-combinatorics tag has no wiki summary.

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### “Nyldon words”: understanding a class of words factorizing the free monoid increasingly

BACKGROUND.
Let me first introduce some classical definitions, which appear, e.g., in §5 of Lothaire's Combinatorics on Words, in §5.1 of Reutenauer's Free Lie algebras, and in §6.1 of Victor ...

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### Problem regarding orthogonal vectors

Suppose $C_{1},C_{2},...,C_{n}$ are $0-1$ vectors of length $m$. Given $C_{i} \in \{0,1\}^{m}$ with $C_{i}=x_{i1}x_{i2}...x_{im}$ we say $C_{i}'=x_{i1}'x_{i2}'...x_{im}'$ is a subvector of $C_{i}'$ if ...

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### Anti-arithmetic product of symmetric functions: (why) is it integral?

This is an analogue of MathOverflow question #138148. Indeed it is so analogous that I wrote the following by copypasting said question and making the necessary changes.
For every commutative ring ...

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### Dimension of the sum of images of transpose

$\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\newcommand{\im}{\operatorname{im}}$
Given $A,B\in M_{n\times n}(k)$, define $\rank(A,B):=\dim(\im A+\im B)$. I'm looking for results regarding relationships ...

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### An angle-doubling trick of Kirillov and Berenstein [closed]

Kirillov and Berenstein, in their article "Groups generated by involutions, Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns and combinatorics of Young tableaux" (available at math.uoregon.edu/~arkadiy/bk1.pdf), present a ...

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**2**answers

356 views

### Is there a hyperplane avoiding two independent sets?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with $5$ elements, $A,B \subseteq V$ independent subsets. Must there be a subspace of $V$ of codimension 1 disjoint from $A \cup B$?

**3**

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271 views

### An identity for elementary symmetric functions

Trying to understand a result in a representation theoretical paper, I realized that it implies the following elementary identity for symmetric functions. My question is whether this identity is true, ...

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**1**answer

210 views

### Über theorem on unavoidable patterns?

Let $A$ be an alphabet of $k$ symbols,
and $p$ a pattern.
An example of a pattern is $p=XX$, where $X$ is any finite
string of symbols from $A^+$.
Avoiding $p$ is avoiding any subword repeated twice ...

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### $B_k[1]$ sets with smallest possible $m = max B_k[1]$ for given $k$ and $n = |B_k[1]|$ elements

Sidon sets are sets $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ such that for all $a_j,b_j \in A$ holds
$$a_1+a_2=b_1+b_2 \iff \{a_1,a_2\}=\{b_1,b_2\}$$
Thus if you know the sum of two elements, you know which elements ...

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### Two to the power of a triangular number: bijections

The numbers $2^{n(n+1)/2}$ come up in various enumerative contexts. In addition to the trivial example (bit-strings of length $n(n+1)/2$) and the old example of domino tilings of Aztec diamonds ...

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### Counting perfect matchings with integrals

Has anyone used the Joni-Rota-Godsil integral formula (see details below) to count perfect matchings of square-grid graphs, Aztec diamond graphs, hexagon-honeycomb graphs, etc.? (Or even just to ...

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**0**answers

105 views

### Triangulations of special polyhedra

Let $A_1,A_2,A_3 \in \mathbb{N}^3$ be three points in space all lying in some plane $x+y+z=d$ where $d$ is a positive integer. If $\{e_1,e_2,e_3\}$ is the standard basis in $\mathbb{R}^3$, we can ...

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### Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...

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**0**answers

171 views

### Littlewood-Richardson rule for Schubert polynomials

What is the current state of the problem of finding a combinatorial rule for multiplying two Schubert polynomials? Is the problem still open?

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**1**answer

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### Why are the power symmetric functions sums of hook Schur functions only?

One interesting fact in symmetric function theory is that the power symmetric function $p_n$ can be written as an alternating sum of hook Schur functions $s_{\lambda}$:
$$
p_n = \sum_{k+\ell = n} ...

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### Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$:
$$M(z) = ...

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333 views

### On the number of polynomials that divide $x^{q-1}-1$ in some subspaces of $\mathbb F_q[x]$

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be a finite field (where $q$ is in general a power of a prime), and let $e, k$ be positive integers with $k \leq e < q-1$. Let $f_0(x), \ldots,
f_k(x) \in \mathbb F_q[x]$ be ...

**2**

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**1**answer

206 views

### Question about a proof in Graham and Lehrer's “Cellular algebras”

I'm sorry if this question is too basic for MO. I'm reading a paper by Graham and Lehrer "Cellular algebras" and have trouble understanding one step in a proof of a crucial theorem. I suppose that the ...

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**3**answers

205 views

### Constructions of $2-(v,3,3)$-designs

I am looking for ways to construct an infinite family of designs with parameters $2-(v,3,3)$ and apart from some doubling-type recursive constructions (such as in this paper) I haven't found anything ...

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**0**answers

61 views

### Rank generating functions on a graded poset and a linear extension of it

Let $A$ be a possibly infinite ensemble and let $\leq$ be a partial order between elements of $A$. We denote $P_{\leq}=(A,\leq)$ the corresponding poset. Furthermore, we suppose that $P$ is graded, ...

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240 views

### A Product Related to Unrestricted Partitions

Start with the product for unrestricted partitions:
(1+x+x$^2$+...)(1+x$^2$+x$^4$+...)(1+x$^3$+x$^6$+...)...
Now replace some of the plus signs with minus signs and expand the product into a ...

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**2**answers

261 views

### Computing the lexicographic indices of integer partition

If we order all the partitions of a integer in a lexicographic order, how can we compute the position of each partition in this order without having to explicitly list all other partitions that ...

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**2**answers

271 views

### Sandpile group corresponding to Abelian group

How we can prove each finite Abelian group is the sandpile group for some graph ?

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**1**answer

269 views

### Missing formula! [closed]

I am doing a project on group association schemes, in particular looking at the structure constant
$$p_{KL}^M = \#\{(x, y, xy) : x \in K, y\in L, xy \in M\}$$
where $K, L$ and $M$ are conjugacy ...

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### Has Reifegerste's Theorem on RSK and Knuth relations received a slick proof by now?

For the notations I am using, I refer to the Appendix at the end of this post.
Here is what, for the sake of this post, I consider to be Reifegerste's theorem:
Theorem 1. Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and ...

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### Arithmetic product of symmetric functions: why is it integral?

For every commutative ring $A$, let $\mathbf{Symm}_A$ be the ring of symmetric functions over $A$. Let $\mathbf{Symm}$ without a subscript denote $\mathbf{Symm}_{\mathbb{Z}}$.
We can define a ...

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### Conjectural identities for Young symmetrizers and Young-Jucys-Murphy elements

The following questions I have found in my own notes from about 3 years ago. Unfortunately, I lost much of the context; I believe I made these conjectures reading Okounkov-Vershik, arXiv:0503040v3, ...

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### Morse matching with 0-cells and (n-1)-cells

Suppose one has a Morse matching (acyclic matching) of a poset $P$ of rank $n$ in which the only unmatched cells are 0-cells and $(n-1)$-cells, the same number $k$ of each one.
If $P$ is connected ...

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### Reference request: Grothendieck groups of Hecke algebras at root of unity and symmetric functions

Let $\zeta$ be an $\ell^{\text{th}}$ root of unity, and consider $H_n(\zeta)$, the (finite) Hecke algebra of type A. One can consider a dual pair of Hopf algebras arising from this data, denoted ...

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### Plethysm of $\mathrm{QSym}$ into $\mathrm{QSym}$: can it be defined?

I will denote by $\Lambda$ the ring of symmetric functions, and by $\mathrm{QSym}$ the ring of quasisymmetric functions (both in infinitely many variables $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3$, ..., both over $\mathbb ...

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### How exactly does Schützenberger promotion relate to Striker-Williams promotion?

Schützenberger promotion, studied (for example) in Richard Stanley, Promotion and Evacuation, 2009, is a permutation of the set of all linear extensions of a finite poset. Since one can identify the ...

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### What are the most important open problems in algebraic combinatorics? [closed]

I have seen the paper of Stanley http://math.mit.edu/~rstan/pubs/pubfiles/116.pdf
but it is quite old and many of the problems are solved. I would like to know the two or three biggest open problems ...

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### Semi-planar partition monoid/algebra

Here are some beginner questions on partition algebras...
I am trying to understand the monoid called $P_k$ in Tom Halverson, Arun Ram, Partition Algebras. For the sake of simplicity, let $k$ be a ...

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### bijection between number of partitions of 2n satisfying certain conditions with number of partitions of n

Suppose $\lambda = (\lambda_1,\lambda_2,.....,\lambda_k)$ is a partition of $2n$ where $n \in \mathbb N$ satisfying the following conditions:
(1) $\lambda_{k} = 1$.
(2) $\lambda_{i} - \lambda_{i+1} ...

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**1**answer

462 views

### Combinatorial Inequality

Consider a set of $2^n-1$ non negative integers $S= ${$ a_{i,j}|1\le i\le n; 1\le j\le 2^{i-1} $} such that:
\begin{align}{}
1.\ \ &a_{i,j}\le 2^{n+1-i} \\\\
2.\ \ &a_{i,j}\le a_{i-1,j} \\\\
...

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208 views

### principal specialization of projective Schur functions

Is there a nice/known formula for the (some) principal specialization of a projective (P or Q) Schur polynomial? That is, I am talking about a projective analogue of Stanley's hook content formula ...

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**1**answer

203 views

### Is the “renormalized third comultiplication” on $\mathbf{Symm}$ integral?

Background:
For any commutative ring $R$, let $\mathbf{Symm}_R$ be the ring of symmetric functions in countably many variables $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3$, ... over $R$. ("Symmetric functions" really means ...

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274 views

### Alternating sum of binomial coefficients times logarithm

Trying to find a closed form expression for the following sum, or an asymptotic expression in terms of well known functions (like the Gamma function, for instance).
Let $m,n$ be positive integers ...

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### Analogues of the Knuth and Forgotten equivalences on permutations: have they been studied?

Consider a totally ordered alphabet $A$ of $n$ letters. Let $W$ be the set of all words over $A$ which have no two letters equal. Then, for example, we can define the Knuth equivalence on $W$ as the ...

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### A strange sum over bipartite graphs

While mucking around with some generating functions related to enumeration of regular bipartite graphs, I stumbled across the following cutie. I wonder if anyone has seen it before, and/or if anyone ...

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### Software for Combinatorial Algebra sought

I am looking for software which helps me do straightforward tasks in combinatorial algebra. Let me give an example of what I mean by a straightforward task:
I have two graded (generally ...

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### Ubiquitous Zimin words

Let $w$ be a word in letters $x_1,...,x_n$. A value of $w$ is any word of the form $w(u_1,...,u_n)$ where $u_1,...,u_n$ are words. For example, $abaaba$ is a value of $x^2$. A word $u$ is called ...

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### Connected graded involutive bialgebras (Hopf algebras) sought (for Dynkin idempotent checking)

Again, there is a general and a concrete question:
Concrete question. Let $H$ be a connected graded bialgebra over a commutative ring $k$ with unity (where graded means $\mathbb N$-graded). Then, it ...

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### Do stunted exponential series give projections of a cocommutative bialgebra on its coradical filtration?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$.
Let $H$ be a cocommutative connected filtered bialgebra over $k$. ("Connected" means that the counit, restricted to the $0$-th part of the filtration, is an ...

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### Rational Binomial Identity

Can anyone give a reference, a proof, or a reference that explains why Maple can evaluate this identity mathematically correctly:
...

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### Simplices in convex polytopes

This question is a direct generalization of:
Counting the (additive) decompositions of a quadratic, symmetric, empty-diagonal and constant-line matrix into permutation matrices
Given a convex ...

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### Regular, Gorenstein and Cohen-Macaulay

All the statements below are considered over local rings, so by regular, I mean a regular local ring and so on;
It is well-known that every regular ring is Gorenstein and every Gorenstein ring is ...

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### Monotonicity of complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials

The complete homogeneous symmetric polynomials are defined as
$$
h_k (x_1, \dots,x_n) = \sum_{1 \leq i_1 \leq i_2 \leq \cdots \leq i_k \leq n} x_{i_1} x_{i_2} \cdots x_{i_k}.
$$
For example,
$$
...

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297 views

### On MacMahon's conjecture and a Schur function identity

Recently I am reading Professor Bressoud's book "Proofs and confirmations"。And chapter 4 of his book is about using Schur functions to prove Macmahon's conjecture on symmetric plane partitions: ...

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### Sublattices of Young's Lattice

Young's Lattice is the lattice of inclusions of Young tableaux, or integer partitions.
In R. Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics Vol. 1, Proposition 1.4.4., there is a generalization of integer ...