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3
votes
1answer
105 views

On factorization theorem of toric birational morphisms

Let $X_{Σ′}\to X_{Σ}$ be a toric birational morphism between smooth and complete toric varieties induced by a regular subdivision $Σ′\leq Σ$, i.e. every cone in $Σ′$ is contained in a cone in $Σ$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Rank-unimodality and Sperner property of higher dimensional partitions

I did a google-search but have not been able to find much reference on this problem. So I am asking it here hoping to get some information. Consider the set of all 4-dimensional Ferrer's diagram ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

How to find a subset of a matrix that has minimum condition number? [duplicate]

Suppose matrix $A$ is consist of M column vectors, how can we find a subset $B$, consisting of N column of $A$ (N<M), that has minimum condition number (the ratio of maximum singular value by minimum ...
16
votes
14answers
1k views

Applications of Representation Theory in Combinatorics

What are the examples of interesting combinatorial identities (e.g. bijection between two sets of combinatorial objects) that can be proved using representation theory, or has some representation ...
2
votes
3answers
479 views

The number of submodules of $\mathbb{Z}_q^n$

Observe $\mathbb{Z}_q^n = \mathbb{Z}_q \times \cdots \times\mathbb{Z}_q$ as a module over $\mathbb{Z}_q\equiv\mathbb{Z}/q\mathbb{Z}$, for general $q$. I am interested in the following questions: How ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

A remarkable sum over partitions

While studying some seemingly unrelated topological questions, I have experimentally discovered what appears (to me) to be a remarkable sum over partitions. I was wondering if anyone knows how to ...
7
votes
1answer
93 views

When is the diagonal of a rational bivariate power series again rational

Given a rational bivariate power series $F(x,y)=\sum{a_{n,m}x^ny^m}$, the diagonal function $G(t):=\sum{a_{n,n}t^n}$ is known to be algebraic, although not rational in general. I was wondering if ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there a nice form for the Frobenius characteristic of a border shape character?

Let $\chi^V$ be the character of a border strip Specht module, i.e. a Specht module for a skew tableau that contains no $2 \times 2$ square. I know that the Frobenius characteristic of $\chi^V$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
334 views

Sums of reciprocals of products of factorials

Let $d,m, r$ be positive integers, and define $$ S = \left\{ (i_1, i_2, \dots, i_m) \in {\bf Z}_{+}^{m} \left | \sum_j i_j = d; \& \forall j, i_j \leq r \right. \right\}; $$ Here ${\bf Z}_+$ ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Abelian centralizer groups (CA-groups)

I am searching for all information about CA-groups [abelian centralizer groups] and i just found a German book [Huppert] and Nilpotent Centralizer group of Suzuki in 44 pages and Group theory book of ...
5
votes
0answers
104 views

Counting square zero forms over finite fields

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $R=\Lambda_{\mathbb{F}_p}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be the exterior algebra on $n$ generators over the finite field with $p$ elements. This is a graded-commutative ring. Is ...
7
votes
1answer
147 views

Littlewood-Richardson-Type Rule for Restriction from $S_{2n}$ to $S_{2(n-t)} \times (S_2 \wr S_t)$

It is well-known that the Littlewood-Richardson coefficient $c^{\nu}_{\lambda \mu}$ is the number of times the irreducible representation $V_\lambda \bigotimes V_\mu$ of the product of symmetric ...
10
votes
2answers
282 views

Free $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]^{S_n}$-module?

Let $\text{char}\,k = 0$ and $n \ge 2$. What is the easiest way to see that $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ is a free $k[x_1, \dots, x_n]^{S_n}$-module with basis$$x_2^{m_2}x_3^{m_3} \dots x_{n-1}^{m_{n-1}} ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Properties of Coefficients of Order Polynomials [closed]

I am working on a problem involving determining the order polynomial $\Omega_P(k)$ of a partial order $P$, which counts the number of order-preserving transformations/maps from $P$ to the $k$-chain ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Dickson/determinant type polynomial (updated)

For $2\leq \ell \leq k$, consider the polynomial \begin{equation} P_{k,\ell} = \prod_{1\leq a_1+\ldots+a_k\leq \ell} (a_1x_1+\ldots + a_kx_k)\in \mathbb{F}_2[x_1,\ldots, x_k] \end{equation} ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

bijection between S-modules and Schur functors

Given a $\mathbb{S}$-module, we can construct a Schur functor, which is an endo functor in the category of vectorspaces. But given a Schur functor, how can we get back the $\mathbb{S}$-module? In ...
9
votes
0answers
307 views

Product of a Schubert polynomial and a double Schubert polynomial

Let $S_u(x)$ be a Schubert polynomial and let $S_v(x;y)$ be a double Schubert polynomial. Then their product can be expressed in terms of the double Schubert polynomials as ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

An (open?) problem about a sequence of nested principal sub-matrices and their determinants

Problem: Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ integer matrix, $\det(A) = \pm 1$. Under which conditions there exist a nested sequence of principal submatrices of size $n$ such that they all have determinant $\pm ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Generating function for $t$-residues of partitions using Heisenberg + $\hat{sl_t}$ representation theory

Recall that for $t\geq2$, a partition is a $t$-core if none of its hooklengths is divisible by $t$. It is known that the $t$-cores are parametrized by ${\mathbb Z}^{t-1}$. More precisely, let ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

A vector version of the Segre embedding: what is the kernel of the ring map?

TL;DR version. Given a commutative ring $\mathbf{k}$ and $n+m$ "generic" vectors $\mathbf{x}_1, \mathbf{x}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n, \mathbf{y}_1, \mathbf{y}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{y}_m$ in $\mathbf{k}^k$ ...
19
votes
0answers
409 views

Nekrasov-Okounkov hook length formula

I am now reading the paper An explicit expansion formula for the powers of the Euler Product in terms of partition hook lengths by Guo-Niu Han. The author rediscovered what he calls Nekrasov-Okounkov ...
16
votes
0answers
261 views

Deforming a basis of a polynomial ring

The ring $Symm$ of symmetric functions in infinitely many variables is well-known to be a polynomial ring in the elementary symmetric functions, and has a $\mathbb Z$-basis of Schur functions ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Chern character of Schubert structure sheaf

Let $X_\lambda \subset Gr = Gr(k,n)$ be a Schubert variety in the Grassmannian and $\mathrm{ch} : K_0(Gr) \otimes \mathbb{Q} \to A^\bullet(Gr) \otimes \mathbb{Q}$ the Chern character isomorphism. Is ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Structure of the stabilizer of a vertex-neighborhood of a vertex-transitive graph

Given a simple, undirected graph and a vertex $v$ of the graph, let $L_v$ denote the set of automorphisms of the graph that fixes the vertex $v$ and each of its neighbors. When the graph is ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Transitivity for Schutzenberger involutions on standard Young tableaux

Let $\lambda$ be a partition of $ n$. Let $ SYT(\lambda) $ denote the set of standard Young tableaux of shape $ \lambda $. For $ i = 1, \dots, n $, let me define permutations $ S_i $ of the set $ ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

combinatorial ergodicity and promotion

According to J. Propp, T. Roby, and (I believe) others, a cyclic action on a finite set $S$ given by a bijection $\zeta: S \longrightarrow S$ is said to be ${\it ergodic}$ with respect to a statistic ...
28
votes
2answers
1k views

“Nyldon words”: understanding a class of words factorizing the free monoid increasingly

BACKGROUND. Let me first introduce some classical definitions, which appear, e.g., in §5 of Lothaire's Combinatorics on Words, in §5.1 of Reutenauer's Free Lie algebras, and in §6.1 of Victor ...
3
votes
0answers
155 views

Anti-arithmetic product of symmetric functions: (why) is it integral?

This is an analogue of MathOverflow question #138148. Indeed it is so analogous that I wrote the following by copypasting said question and making the necessary changes. For every commutative ring ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Dimension of the sum of images of transpose

$\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\newcommand{\im}{\operatorname{im}}$ Given $A,B\in M_{n\times n}(k)$, define $\rank(A,B):=\dim(\im A+\im B)$. I'm looking for results regarding relationships ...
8
votes
0answers
265 views

An angle-doubling trick of Kirillov and Berenstein [closed]

Kirillov and Berenstein, in their article "Groups generated by involutions, Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns and combinatorics of Young tableaux" (available at math.uoregon.edu/~arkadiy/bk1.pdf), present a ...
10
votes
2answers
382 views

Is there a hyperplane avoiding two independent sets?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with $5$ elements, $A,B \subseteq V$ independent subsets. Must there be a subspace of $V$ of codimension 1 disjoint from $A \cup B$?
3
votes
1answer
334 views

An identity for elementary symmetric functions

Trying to understand a result in a representation theoretical paper, I realized that it implies the following elementary identity for symmetric functions. My question is whether this identity is true, ...
7
votes
1answer
246 views

Über theorem on unavoidable patterns?

Let $A$ be an alphabet of $k$ symbols, and $p$ a pattern. An example of a pattern is $p=XX$, where $X$ is any finite string of symbols from $A^+$. Avoiding $p$ is avoiding any subword repeated twice ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

$B_k[1]$ sets with smallest possible $m = max B_k[1]$ for given $k$ and $n = |B_k[1]|$ elements

Sidon sets are sets $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ such that for all $a_j,b_j \in A$ holds $$a_1+a_2=b_1+b_2 \iff \{a_1,a_2\}=\{b_1,b_2\}$$ Thus if you know the sum of two elements, you know which elements ...
10
votes
1answer
719 views

Two to the power of a triangular number: bijections

The numbers $2^{n(n+1)/2}$ come up in various enumerative contexts. In addition to the trivial example (bit-strings of length $n(n+1)/2$) and the old example of domino tilings of Aztec diamonds ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Counting perfect matchings with integrals

Has anyone used the Joni-Rota-Godsil integral formula (see details below) to count perfect matchings of square-grid graphs, Aztec diamond graphs, hexagon-honeycomb graphs, etc.? (Or even just to ...
5
votes
2answers
225 views

Triangulations of special polyhedra

Let $A_1,A_2,A_3 \in \mathbb{N}^3$ be three points in space all lying in some plane $x+y+z=d$ where $d$ is a positive integer. If $\{e_1,e_2,e_3\}$ is the standard basis in $\mathbb{R}^3$, we can ...
18
votes
6answers
803 views

Why is the right permutohedron order (aka weak order) on $S_n$ a lattice?

This is one of those things I never expected to be hard until I tried to prove it. Why is the right permutohedron order (a.k.a. weak Bruhat order, a.k.a. weak order -- not to be confused with the ...
4
votes
0answers
231 views

Littlewood-Richardson rule for Schubert polynomials

What is the current state of the problem of finding a combinatorial rule for multiplying two Schubert polynomials? Is the problem still open?
13
votes
1answer
537 views

Why are the power symmetric functions sums of hook Schur functions only?

One interesting fact in symmetric function theory is that the power symmetric function $p_n$ can be written as an alternating sum of hook Schur functions $s_{\lambda}$: $$ p_n = \sum_{k+\ell = n} ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$: $$M(z) = ...
8
votes
0answers
413 views

On the number of polynomials that divide $x^{q-1}-1$ in some subspaces of $\mathbb F_q[x]$

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be a finite field (where $q$ is in general a power of a prime), and let $e, k$ be positive integers with $k \leq e < q-1$. Let $f_0(x), \ldots, f_k(x) \in \mathbb F_q[x]$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
265 views

Question about a proof in Graham and Lehrer's “Cellular algebras”

I'm sorry if this question is too basic for MO. I'm reading a paper by Graham and Lehrer "Cellular algebras" and have trouble understanding one step in a proof of a crucial theorem. I suppose that the ...
1
vote
3answers
229 views

Constructions of $2-(v,3,3)$-designs

I am looking for ways to construct an infinite family of designs with parameters $2-(v,3,3)$ and apart from some doubling-type recursive constructions (such as in this paper) I haven't found anything ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Rank generating functions on a graded poset and a linear extension of it

Let $A$ be a possibly infinite ensemble and let $\leq$ be a partial order between elements of $A$. We denote $P_{\leq}=(A,\leq)$ the corresponding poset. Furthermore, we suppose that $P$ is graded, ...
11
votes
1answer
258 views

A Product Related to Unrestricted Partitions

Start with the product for unrestricted partitions: (1+x+x$^2$+...)(1+x$^2$+x$^4$+...)(1+x$^3$+x$^6$+...)... Now replace some of the plus signs with minus signs and expand the product into a ...
7
votes
3answers
544 views

Computing the lexicographic indices of integer partition

If we order all the partitions of a integer in a lexicographic order, how can we compute the position of each partition in this order without having to explicitly list all other partitions that ...
4
votes
2answers
350 views

Sandpile group corresponding to Abelian group

How we can prove each finite Abelian group is the sandpile group for some graph ?
0
votes
1answer
280 views

Missing formula! [closed]

I am doing a project on group association schemes, in particular looking at the structure constant $$p_{KL}^M = \#\{(x, y, xy) : x \in K, y\in L, xy \in M\}$$ where $K, L$ and $M$ are conjugacy ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Has Reifegerste's Theorem on RSK and Knuth relations received a slick proof by now?

For the notations I am using, I refer to the Appendix at the end of this post. Here is what, for the sake of this post, I consider to be Reifegerste's theorem: Theorem 1. Let $n\in\mathbb N$ and ...