Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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6
votes
1answer
399 views

Pure motives and compatible systems of $\ell$-adic representations

I am trying to understand the statement of the conjectures of Deligne on special values of certain $L$-functions, from his article titled, "Valuers de Fonctions L et periodes d'integrales" which ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

Is any blow-up of smooth subvarieties always an extremal contraction?

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety and $Z$ be a smooth subvariety of $X$. Take the blow-up $\pi: Y \to X$ of $X$ along $Z$. Then I want to know whether $\pi$ is the contraction of an ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Existence of a map between curves

Given two algebraic curves defined over the rationals, is there a method for determining whether there exists a surjective map from one curve to the other? For instance, suppose X and Y are affine ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Motivic Pfister type varieties and norm varieties

Due to results of Rost it is known that the Grothendieck-Chow motiv of a Pfister quadric $X$ belonging to a pure $\alpha \in H^n(k,\mu_2)$ is decomposable in the following way $M(X) = ...
11
votes
2answers
409 views

Relationship between étale and topological $K(\pi,1)$s

I was trying to find a proof, or a counterexample to the claim that if $X/\mathbb{C}$ is connected smooth projective, then $X$ is a $K(\pi^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}},1)$ if and only if $X^\mathrm{an}$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Is the complex structure on a del-Pezzo surface a regular complex structure?

Let $(X, \omega, J)$ be a compact symplectic manifold with an almost complex structure. Fix some homology class $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$. An almost complex structure $J$ is said to be ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

section of reduced structure map

Let $R$ be a commutative ring whose characteristic is either prime or $0$, such that $R/N$ is an integral domain, where $N$ is the nilradical, and $p: R \rightarrow R/N$ the canonical map. Is there a ...
11
votes
2answers
380 views

Automorphisms of finite order in $Out(\widehat{F_2})$

Let $\widehat{F_2}$ be the pro-$\ell$ completion of the free group of rank 2, where $\ell$ is some prime. Every outer automorphism of $F_2$ induces an outer automorphism of $\widehat{F_2}$, hence an ...
5
votes
2answers
179 views

Invariants of the maximal unipotent subgroup of GL(n) acting on the space of n by n matrices

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ and let $U\subset G$ be a maximal unipotent subgroup. (For example,assume that U is the set of upper triangular matrices with ones in the diagonal.) Now let ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Bézout's theorem for arcs in the plane

Consider two polynomials $p,q \in {\mathbb R}[x,y]$, both of degree $d$. Let $\gamma_p$ and $\gamma_q$ be the two curves in ${\mathbb R}^2$ that are defined by these polynomials, and assume that these ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem? The Kodaira Vanishing Theorem says that the cohomology groups $H^q(M, L \otimes K_M)$ vanish for $q \ge 1$ when ...
-3
votes
1answer
237 views

The scheme $y^n = x^{2n}$ for $n$ a rational number [closed]

Let $n\geq 1$ be an integer. If $A$ is a ring, then the spectrum of $A[x,y]/(y^n - x^{2n})$ is a well-defined (affine) scheme, say $X_n$. This scheme describes the "variety" given by the equation ...
7
votes
1answer
358 views

What is the normal closure of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$?

This weird problem popped up in my research: Let $\ell$ be a prime. Is there a description of the smallest normal subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$ containing $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$? Is there a ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

local universal sheaf (moduli of stable sheaves)

I do not know much about moduli of sheaves and I wanted to shows that for a smooth (projective) family over a discrete valuation ring of mixed characteristics (relative dimension 3), the locally free ...
5
votes
0answers
138 views

“Generalized theory of polynomials” for a given commutative Lawvere Theory

I am trying to understand Nikolai Durov's "New Approach to Arakelov Geometry" right now and it got me thinking about a particular thing. Let $R$ be a commutative, associative ring with unit. We can ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Question about Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity

let $R$ be a Noetherian ring an $I$ an ideal of $R$. If $n,m\in N$ and $reg(G(I))=n$, then what can we say about $reg(G(I^m))$? Here $G(I)$ is the associated graded ring.
7
votes
1answer
192 views

Can view the connected component of the Picard scheme $\text{Pic}^0(X)$ as a “kernel” of the first Chern class?

So on a curve, $\text{Pic}^0(X)$ is just the Jacobian variety, and just correspond to degree $0$ divisors. One way to extend the notion of divisors corresponding to a vector bundle is taking the first ...
2
votes
1answer
198 views

pull back of an ample line bundle under a blow up

Suppose $\mu:X\rightarrow Y$ is a blow up of a smooth irreducible subvariety $Z$ of $Y$. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $Y$. Let $E$ be the exceptional divisor of $f$. Is it true that there ...
8
votes
1answer
174 views

Automorphisms of del Pezzo surfaces

Let $S$ be a del Pezzo surface of degree six over $\mathbb{C}$. Then $S$ is the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in three general points $p_1,p_2,p_3$. Is it true that its automorphism group is ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Irreducible components of a cone

Suppose $B=A\oplus S^1\oplus S^2\dots$ is a graded ring, $B$ is generated by $S^1$, $C=\textrm{Spec}B$ is called a cone over $X=\textrm{Spec}A$. We have natural projection $\pi\colon C\to X$. ...
0
votes
3answers
205 views

Example of indecomposable self injective ring

Is there any example of an indecomposable self-injective commutative ring with 4 or more maximal ideals?$$$$$$$$
6
votes
2answers
658 views

Incidence geometry and matrices

Supposing I have a $0/1$ or $\pm1$ matrix $A$ of size $m\times n$, is there a minimum $d$ (that works for every $m\times n$ $A$) such that there exists $m$ lines $r_1,\dots,r_m$, $n$ lines ...
8
votes
1answer
573 views

Remark 4.23.4 in Hartshorne

Crosspost from math.stackexchange, since it's quite possible I might not get a response there. Remark 4.23.4 in Chapter IV of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry references a paper by Elkies that ...
7
votes
2answers
302 views

Field of definition of dominant morphisms

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $k_0$ a sub-field. Let $X,Y$ be two projective varieties defined over $k_0$. Suppose that that there exists a dominant morphism $f$ between $X_k=X\otimes ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Stratification of Grassmanian by coordinate hyperplanes

I'm interested in what is known about the stratification of the Grassmanian induced by the coordinate hyperplanes in the Plucker embedding. More specifically, if we view the projective space as a ...
1
vote
0answers
378 views

Are there connections between Homotopy type theory and Grothendieck's theory of motives? [closed]

Are there any "visions" (maybe "dreams"), future plans or connections between Homotopy type theory and Grothendieck's theory of motives (or at least "connections" with universal cohomology theory)?
12
votes
3answers
1k views

A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Hasse diagrams of G/P_1 and G/P_2

in the Paper http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.30.5052&rep=rep1&type=pdf at the end, we can see Hasse diagrams for several projective, homogeneous $G$-varieties for $G$ ...
9
votes
1answer
226 views

Torsors trivializing over a fixed finite etale cover

Let $S$ be an integral regular scheme and let $T\to S$ be a finite etale morphism. Let $G$ be a smooth affine finite type group scheme over $S$. Is the set of $S$-isomorphism classes of $G$-torsors ...
5
votes
1answer
541 views

How to compute this $\mathrm{Ext}^1$?

Let $A$ be a regular local $\mathbb{C}$-algebra of dimension $2$, such as the localization of $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ at $(x,y)$, and let $\nu=(\nu_1\geq\nu_2\geq\cdots\geq\nu_{\ell}\geq0)$, ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

Limits of complex projective varieties in the Hausdorff topology on closed subsets of CP^n

In this question a variety means any subset of complex projective space $\mathbb CP^n$ that is the set of common zeroes of a set of homogeneous polynomials. Thus if $A,B\subset{\mathbb C}P^n$ are ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$

It is known that all smooth projective quartic hypersurfaces of suitably large dimension are unirational over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$. Are there any results regarding unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Euler characteristic of a curve

Is it a complete coincidence that the Euler characteristic of a curve is exactly twice the Euler characteristic of its structure sheaf?
4
votes
0answers
259 views

Is there a well-known tautological bundle over $\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)$?

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $>n$, and define the subset $$ K:=\{ ([\omega],v)\mid v\wedge\omega=0 \}\subset\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)\times V\, . $$ Denote also by $\pi:K\longrightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
227 views

Etale cohomology and topological invariance

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X_0 \subset X$ a subscheme defined by a nilpotent ideal. Denote by $i:X_0 \to X$ the closed immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf sheaf on ...
11
votes
2answers
470 views

Is there a “free abelian group of rank 1” in the category of affine group schemes?

Let's fix an algebraically closed field $k$. The group $\mathbb Z$, as a discrete group scheme, is not affine since it's not quasi-compact. Is there an affine algebraic scheme over $k$ whose ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Separability and smoothness

Let $A \subseteq B$ be commutative noetherian rings. I have found the following claim: "Separability implies smoothness" with the following explanation: "The natural thing is to prove that a separable ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$

Is there any example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$ such that $I$ is complete and and there exists a minimal reduction $J$ of $I$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Zariski closure construction (over a field) implicitly uses reduced induced structure?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme of finite type, $k$ a field, and $\Sigma$ a subset of $X(k)$. Since the $k$-points of $X(k)$ may be identified with the physical points $x\in X$ for which the structural map ...
4
votes
0answers
130 views

Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...
12
votes
2answers
461 views

Infinitely many irreducible polynomials of the form f(X^2) + X mod 3?

Are there infinitely many polynomials $f \in \mathbb{F}_3[X]$ for which $f(X^2) + X$ is irreducible?
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Two limit cycles which lie on the same leaf

Edit 1: For a related discussion see this MSE post I apologize in advance, if this question is obvious: 1)What is an example of a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with at least two ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Complex plane mod lattice to elliptic curve correspondence generalization

If we observe the correspondence $$\mathbb{C}/\Lambda \rightarrow E: Y^{2} = X^{3} - \frac{g_{2}(\Lambda)}{4}X - \frac{g_{3}(\Lambda)}{4},$$ we see the relationship between weight 4 and weight 6 ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Intersection of two components and Jacobian criterion

A reducible scheme is singular along the intersection of two components: this is usually proved using the well-known, but not entirely trivial, fact that a regular local ring is an integral domain. ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Gluing subschemes of fibers of Hilbert Scheme (in mixed characteristic)

Let $\mathfrak{X}\rightarrow Spec(R)$ be a smooth family of smooth projective varieties over a local 1-dimensional ring of mixed characteristic. Suppose that there are non-empty subschemes (locally ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

Is there a tropical geometric proof for counting genus g curves in any n dimensional projective space?

Consider the following question: Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold and $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$ a fixed homology class. Let $\mu_1, \mu_2, \ldots, \mu_k$ denote certain generic ...