Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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110 views

How generic are Cayley graphs of non-Abelian groups with logarithmic girth?

Given a non-Abelian group $G$ I want to choose a symmetric generating set $S \subset G$ such that $Cay(G,S)$ has girth logarithmic in the size of the set. I want to know, For which $G$ can the ...
3
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0answers
170 views

Do J-holomorphic curves “very nearly” fail to be an immersion near the bubbling points?

Let $u_{t}: \mathbb{P}^1 \longrightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$ be a family of degree $2$ maps defined (for $t$ small and non zero) by $$u_t([X,Y]) := [X^2, t Y^2, XY].$$ Note that as $t$ goes to zero, ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Does there exist a projection (of a variety) birational onto its image and satisfying additional conditions?

Let $X \subset \mathbb P^n$ be an irreducible (projective) variety of dimension $k < n-1$. By Harris [Har, Lecture 18, page 224], the projection $\pi_p : \mathbb P^n - \{p\} \to \mathbb P^{n-1}$ ...
4
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1answer
129 views

Descending a monomorphism of stacks

The question is about Proposition 3.8.1 in Laumon and Moret-Bailly book on algebraic stacks. Let $S$ be a scheme and let $F: \mathscr{X} \rightarrow \mathscr{Y}$ be a morphism of $S$-stacks (for the ...
2
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1answer
196 views

Which base change preserves integrality of schemes

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat morphism of projective noetherian integral schemes. Is there any known condition on a morphism $Z \to Y$ under which the resulting fiber product $X \times_Y Z$ is still ...
2
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0answers
180 views

Algebraic closedness in field of fractions

If $A\subseteq B$ are affine domains over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero, such that $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, how can one show that $Q(A)$ is also ...
0
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1answer
163 views

irreducibility of general fiber

I would like to get a reference of the following fact. Let $A\subseteq B$ be affine domains over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. If $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Restriction of locally free sheaves and semi-stability on curves

Let $C$ be a stable curve and $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $C$ such that the restriction of $\mathcal{F}$ to any of the irreducible component $C_i$ of $C$, $\mathcal{F}|_{C_i}$ is Gieseker ...
0
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0answers
31 views

the associated action on the transition functions

Let $X$ be a curve with an involution $\sigma$ generically unramified, given a $G-$bundle $E$ of rank $r$, than we ca take its pull-back, I want to describe the action of $\sigma$ on $G$. Fix a ...
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117 views

Is there any computation of $K^0(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ for a singular curve $X$?

Let $X$ be a projective curve over an algebraic closed field $k$ which characteristic zero. Define $K^0(X)$ as the Grothendieck group of the derived category $Perf(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ as the Grothendieck ...
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0answers
79 views

Syzygies in integral domains

Let $f$ be a homogeneous irreducible element in a graded commutative Noetherian ring. What is the possible set of elements $f_1$ and $f_2$ such that $f=f_1g_1+ f_2g_2$? Even in very particular cases ...
0
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1answer
124 views

Gluing locally free sheaves on curves

Let $C$ be a quasi-projective curve, $C_i$ for $i=1,...,r$ are the irreducible components of $C$. Assume that $C_i$ is non-singular and $F_i$ locally free sheaf on $C_i$ of the same rank for all $i$. ...
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0answers
38 views

Cohen-Macaulay rings and Normal rings [migrated]

is there an example that R is Cohen-Macaulay but not normal ring? what about the converse example?
1
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1answer
98 views

Construction of curves and morphisms

Given any triple of positive integers $(g',g,d)$ with $2g'-2\geq d(2g-2)$. Does there always exist curves $C_{g'},C_g$ of genus $g',g$ with a degree $d$ morphism $f\colon C_{g'}\to C_g$? If we fix ...
6
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1answer
252 views

Singularities of the moduli stack of Calabi-Yau threefolds

Let $M$ be the moduli of polarized Calabi-Yau threefolds over $\mathbb C$ with fixed Euler characteristic. The coarse moduli space is singular (as usual), but what about the stack? In many cases I ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Reflexive sheaves on stable curves-II [migrated]

This is an extension of Reflexive sheaves on stable curves. Let $C$ be a stable curve and $\mathcal{F}$ a reflexive sheaf on $C$ supported on the whole of $C$. Is the projective dimension of ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Reflexive sheaf on normal surfaces [migrated]

Let $X$ be a normal, projective scheme of pure dimension $2$ and $\mathcal{F}$ is a reflexive coherent sheaf on $X$. Is $\mathcal{F}$ locally free?
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0answers
65 views

induced map on tangent bundles from blow up morphism

Suppose $X$ is the plane nodal curve over $\mathbb{C}$. Then we can mimic what we do in differential geometry to define the "tangent bundle" over $X$ as a subvariety of ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Reflexive sheaves on stable curves

Let $C$ be a stable curve over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic and $\mathcal{F}$ be a reflexive sheaf on $C$. Is $\mathcal{F}$ locally free? EDIT Is the projective dimension ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Base change of regular schemes [closed]

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with fraction field $K$, $X$ be a regular scheme flat over $R$. Let $L$ be a finite field extension of $K$ and $Q$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. Denote by $Y:=X ...
3
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3answers
200 views

A question on flasque sheaf

Let $0\to \mathscr{F}'\to\mathscr{F}\to\mathscr{F}''\to 0$ be an exact sequene of sheaves. It is well known that $\mathscr{F}$ flasque iff $\mathscr{F}''$ flasque provided $\mathscr{F}'$ is flasque. ...
3
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1answer
479 views

learning Deligne-Lusztig theory

Can someone give me a roadmap for learning Deligne-Lusztig theory? (Except for the original article by Deligne and Lusztig) Edit: You may assume knowledge of representation theory of finite groups ...
2
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0answers
214 views

A question about Weil restriction

Let $\pi:\tilde{C}\rightarrow C$ be a ramified cover between two smooth curves. And consider a group scheme $\mathcal G$ over $\tilde{C}$, I have found two definitions for Weil restriction: ...
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0answers
193 views

Is dimension invariant under blow-ups?

Let $X'\rightarrow X$ be a blow-up of a finitely dimensional scheme $X$ in a center $D$. Under which assumptions one has $\dim X'=\dim X$? Do you know a proof or a reference for a proof? Do you know ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

étale cohomology via Cech cocycles for a quasi-projective scheme

I am looking for the explicit reference to the fact that for a quasi-projective scheme a class in the étale cohomology of a sheaf of a certain degree can by computed using Cech cocycles.
5
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1answer
132 views

Synthetic projective definition of cubic curves

In a synthetic (Pappian) projective plane, one can define a conic in various clever ways not referring to coordinates. For instance, if $f$ is a projectivity from the pencil of lines through a point ...
3
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0answers
97 views

Deformation of vector bundle on projective space with same Hilbert polynomial as multiple of structure sheaf

Let $E$ be a vector bundle on projective space ${\bf P}^n$ whose Hilbert polynomial is the same as $\mathcal{O}^{{\rm rank}(E)}$. Does there exist a vector bundle over ${\bf P}^n \times {\rm ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Hodge numbers of non-commutative varieties

Let $(X, \mathcal{A})$ be a non-commutative variety, by this I mean $X$ is a (smooth) algebraic variety and $\mathcal{A}$ is a sheaf of algebra on $X$. One such example in my mind is when $X$ admits ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Relative Proj and generation of sections

Let $π\colon Y = \mathrm{Proj}_B \mathcal{A} \rightarrow B$ be a morphism constructed from a coherent graded sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_B$-algebras $\mathcal{A} = \bigoplus_k \mathcal{A}$. I am looking ...
6
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2answers
299 views

Will (general points + small number of arbitrary points) impose independent condtions on plane curves?

It is well known that imposing vanishing at general points of $\mathbb P^2$ gives independent conditions on curves of degree $d$. Also, it is known that a small number ($\le d+1$) points always impose ...
14
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1answer
490 views

Must an algebraic variety with trivial tangent bundle be an abelian variety?

Suppose $X$ is a proper algebraic variety with trivial tangent bundle $T_X$ (not only canonical bundle $K_X$), is it true that $X$ is an abelian variety? (For the complex manifold case this is not ...
3
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0answers
131 views

Why write GRR with the relative tangent sheaf?

The first published version of the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem, GRR for short, was written in the form $$ \operatorname{ch}(f_!\alpha).\operatorname{Td}(Y) = ...
3
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1answer
206 views

A question on the cohomology of elliptic curves over local fields

Let $K$ be a number field,$\nu$ a nonarchimedian prime of $K$, $K_{\nu} $ the completion of $K $ at $\nu $ with maximal unramified extension $K_{\nu}^{unr} $. Let $E $ be an elliptic curve defined ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

'Stalk' of vanishing cycles at $k$-point

I have a simple question on notation. Let $S$ be a Henselian trait with closed point $s$ (with finite residue field $k$) and generic point $\eta$. Let $X/S$ be a variety. Then, we have the functor ...
11
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1answer
375 views

Is there a unique commutative group structure on $\mathbb{G}_m$?

Let $S$ be a scheme and let $X := \mathrm{Spec}(\mathscr{O}_S[t, t^{-1}])$ be the underlying $S$-scheme of the $S$-group scheme $(\mathbb{G}_m)_S$. Is there only one structure of a commutative ...
1
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0answers
246 views

Total degree of a polynomial

Let $\mathsf{F,G}\in\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be minimum multivariate polynomials of least total degree $\mathsf{degF}$, $\mathsf{degG}$ such that, given unequal $a,b\in\Bbb R$, $$\mathsf{F(p)}=a, ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Why does this vector bundle on the surface sit in this exact sequence?

Let $X$ be a K3 surface. Let $E$ be a semistable rank 3 vector bundle. Now suppose $0 = E_0\subset E_1\cdots\subset E_s=E$ be the Harder-Narasimhan filtration. Suppose $E_1$ is $\mu$-stable and rank ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Stabilisers of group actions

Let $G$ be an algebraic group acting on an irreducible algebraic variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$. Suppose there exists some point $x \in X$ whose ...
1
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0answers
112 views

identity component of a formal group

Let $G=\operatorname{Spf} A$ be a formal group, the it is stated that the identity component $G^\circ$ (defined as $\operatorname{Spf} A_{\operatorname{fm}}$ for some open maximal ideal ...
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0answers
60 views

Why is the polynomial relating the invariants of a binary polyhedral group fixed by an overgroup?

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and $N \triangleleft G$ a normal subgroup. Let $x, y, z$ be the fundamental invariants for the standard action of $N$ on $\mathbb{C}^2$, ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Dominating affine varieties over $k$ with affine smooth varieties over $k$

Given a geometrically integral affine variety $X:=\mathrm{Spec}(K[X_1,\ldots, X_n])/(f_1,\ldots, f_m)$ over a possibly imperfect field $K$, does there always exist an affine variety $\tilde{X}$ ...
7
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3answers
314 views

Exact sequences of groups and Tannakian formalism

By work of Deligne and others (I am following Deligne-Milne's notes which I just began to read: http://www.jmilne.org/math/xnotes/tc.pdf) we know that a given affine group scheme G can be recovered ...
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1answer
293 views

Reference for a lemma on étale maps

The Stacks Project has the following really nice Lemma concerning étale maps of rings: Let $A\rightarrow B$ be a finitely presented, étale morphism of rings. Then there exists a presentation $$ ...
6
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1answer
265 views

Acyclicity of the sheaf of real analytic differential forms

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. In the book "Sheaves on Manifolds" by Kashiwara and Schapira it is claimed on p. 127 (without reference or proof) that the Poincare lemma holds for the de Rham ...
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0answers
66 views

Restriction of motivic nearby cycles

Let $h:Y\to \mathbb C$ be a regular map and let $f:X\to \mathbb C$ be the restriction of $h$ to a closed subvariety $X\subset Y$. Both $X$ and $Y$ are assumed to be smooth. The maps $h,f$ induce ...
1
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2answers
233 views

Ideals generated by two elements in the polynomial ring of two variables over a field

Let $k$ be a field. For example, $k=\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/p$, $p$ prime. Let $k[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring. Let $f,g\in k[x,y]$. Let the ideal $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal of $k[x,y]$ ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Is $K^0(X)\to K_0(X)$ monomorphic for a noetherian scheme $X$?

This question is related to the MO questions What is the difference between Grothendieck groups K_0(X) vs K^0(X) on schemes? and Does a fully faithful functor between triangulated categories induce ...
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0answers
92 views

Locally free sheaves and flat families of projective scheme

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat proper morphism of noetherian projective schemes and $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$. Suppose for all $y \in Y$, $\mathcal{F} \otimes_{\mathcal{O}_Y} \mathcal{O}_y$ ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Is the Quot scheme of finite length quotients with prescribed composition factors projective?

Assume we have a scheme $X$ over a field, say $\mathbb{C}$, and a "nice" sheaf of ring $R$ on it. $E$ denotes a left $R$-module. We denote by $Q:=Quot_R(E,n)$ the scheme classifying quotients ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Deformation of curves and closed immersions

Let $\pi:\mathcal{C} \to B$ be a (flat) family of complex projective schemes of pure dimension $1$ with fixed Hilbert polynomial, in particular, for some $n \ge 3$, $\mathcal{C} \hookrightarrow ...