Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

**6**

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**1**answer

399 views

### Pure motives and compatible systems of $\ell$-adic representations

I am trying to understand the statement of the conjectures of Deligne on special values of certain $L$-functions, from his article titled, "Valuers de Fonctions L et periodes d'integrales" which ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Is any blow-up of smooth subvarieties always an extremal contraction?

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety and $Z$ be a smooth subvariety of $X$.
Take the blow-up $\pi: Y \to X$ of $X$ along $Z$.
Then I want to know whether $\pi$ is the contraction of an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Existence of a map between curves

Given two algebraic curves defined over the rationals, is there a method for determining whether there exists a surjective map from one curve to the other? For instance, suppose X and Y are affine ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Motivic Pfister type varieties and norm varieties

Due to results of Rost it is known that the Grothendieck-Chow motiv of a Pfister quadric $X$ belonging to a pure $\alpha \in H^n(k,\mu_2)$ is decomposable in the following way
$M(X) = ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

409 views

### Relationship between étale and topological $K(\pi,1)$s

I was trying to find a proof, or a counterexample to the claim that if $X/\mathbb{C}$ is connected smooth projective, then $X$ is a $K(\pi^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}},1)$ if and only if $X^\mathrm{an}$ is a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Is the complex structure on a del-Pezzo surface a regular complex structure?

Let $(X, \omega, J)$ be a compact symplectic manifold with an almost complex structure. Fix some homology class $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$. An almost
complex structure $J$ is said to be ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### section of reduced structure map

Let $R$ be a commutative ring whose characteristic is either prime or $0$, such that $R/N$ is an integral domain, where $N$ is the nilradical, and $p: R \rightarrow R/N$ the canonical map. Is there a ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

380 views

### Automorphisms of finite order in $Out(\widehat{F_2})$

Let $\widehat{F_2}$ be the pro-$\ell$ completion of the free group of rank 2, where $\ell$ is some prime.
Every outer automorphism of $F_2$ induces an outer automorphism of $\widehat{F_2}$, hence an ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Invariants of the maximal unipotent subgroup of GL(n) acting on the space of n by n matrices

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ and let $U\subset G$ be a maximal unipotent subgroup. (For example,assume that U is the set of upper triangular matrices with ones in the diagonal.) Now let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Bézout's theorem for arcs in the plane

Consider two polynomials $p,q \in {\mathbb R}[x,y]$, both of degree $d$. Let $\gamma_p$ and $\gamma_q$ be the two curves in ${\mathbb R}^2$ that are defined by these polynomials, and assume that these ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem?

As the question suggests, what is the intuition behind the Kodaira Vanishing Theorem? The Kodaira Vanishing Theorem says that the cohomology groups $H^q(M, L \otimes K_M)$ vanish for $q \ge 1$ when ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### The scheme $y^n = x^{2n}$ for $n$ a rational number [closed]

Let $n\geq 1$ be an integer. If $A$ is a ring, then the spectrum of $A[x,y]/(y^n - x^{2n})$ is a well-defined (affine) scheme, say $X_n$. This scheme describes the "variety" given by the equation ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### What is the normal closure of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$?

This weird problem popped up in my research:
Let $\ell$ be a prime. Is there a description of the smallest normal subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$ containing $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$?
Is there a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### local universal sheaf (moduli of stable sheaves)

I do not know much about moduli of sheaves and I wanted to shows that for a smooth (projective) family over a discrete valuation ring of mixed characteristics (relative dimension 3), the locally free ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### “Generalized theory of polynomials” for a given commutative Lawvere Theory

I am trying to understand
Nikolai Durov's "New Approach to Arakelov Geometry" right now and it got me thinking about a particular thing.
Let $R$ be a commutative, associative ring with unit. We can ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Question about Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity

let $R$ be a Noetherian ring an $I$ an ideal of $R$.
If $n,m\in N$ and $reg(G(I))=n$, then what can we say about $reg(G(I^m))$?
Here $G(I)$ is the associated graded ring.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Can view the connected component of the Picard scheme $\text{Pic}^0(X)$ as a “kernel” of the first Chern class?

So on a curve, $\text{Pic}^0(X)$ is just the Jacobian variety, and just correspond to degree $0$ divisors. One way to extend the notion of divisors corresponding to a vector bundle is taking the first ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### pull back of an ample line bundle under a blow up

Suppose $\mu:X\rightarrow Y$ is a blow up of a smooth irreducible subvariety $Z$ of $Y$. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $Y$. Let $E$ be the exceptional divisor of $f$. Is it true that there ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Automorphisms of del Pezzo surfaces

Let $S$ be a del Pezzo surface of degree six over $\mathbb{C}$. Then $S$ is the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in three general points $p_1,p_2,p_3$.
Is it true that its automorphism group is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Irreducible components of a cone

Suppose $B=A\oplus S^1\oplus S^2\dots$ is a graded ring, $B$ is generated by $S^1$, $C=\textrm{Spec}B$ is called a cone over $X=\textrm{Spec}A$. We have natural projection $\pi\colon C\to X$. ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

205 views

### Example of indecomposable self injective ring

Is there any example of an indecomposable self-injective commutative ring with 4 or more maximal ideals?$$$$$$$$

**6**

votes

**2**answers

658 views

### Incidence geometry and matrices

Supposing I have a $0/1$ or $\pm1$ matrix $A$ of size $m\times n$, is there a minimum $d$ (that works for every $m\times n$ $A$) such that there exists $m$ lines $r_1,\dots,r_m$, $n$ lines ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

573 views

### Remark 4.23.4 in Hartshorne

Crosspost from math.stackexchange, since it's quite possible I might not get a response there.
Remark 4.23.4 in Chapter IV of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry references a paper by Elkies that ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

302 views

### Field of definition of dominant morphisms

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field and $k_0$ a sub-field. Let $X,Y$ be two projective varieties defined over $k_0$. Suppose that that there exists a dominant morphism $f$ between $X_k=X\otimes ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Stratification of Grassmanian by coordinate hyperplanes

I'm interested in what is known about the stratification of the Grassmanian induced by the coordinate hyperplanes in the Plucker embedding. More specifically, if we view the projective space as a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

378 views

### Are there connections between Homotopy type theory and Grothendieck's theory of motives? [closed]

Are there any "visions" (maybe "dreams"), future plans or connections between Homotopy type theory and Grothendieck's theory of motives (or at least "connections" with universal cohomology theory)?

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Hasse diagrams of G/P_1 and G/P_2

in the Paper http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.30.5052&rep=rep1&type=pdf at the end, we can see Hasse diagrams for several projective, homogeneous $G$-varieties for $G$ ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Torsors trivializing over a fixed finite etale cover

Let $S$ be an integral regular scheme and let $T\to S$ be a finite etale morphism. Let $G$ be a smooth affine finite type group scheme over $S$.
Is the set of $S$-isomorphism classes of $G$-torsors ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

541 views

### How to compute this $\mathrm{Ext}^1$?

Let $A$ be a regular local $\mathbb{C}$-algebra of dimension $2$, such as the localization of $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ at $(x,y)$, and let $\nu=(\nu_1\geq\nu_2\geq\cdots\geq\nu_{\ell}\geq0)$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Limits of complex projective varieties in the Hausdorff topology on closed subsets of CP^n

In this question a variety means any subset of complex projective space $\mathbb CP^n$ that is the set of common zeroes of a set of homogeneous polynomials. Thus if $A,B\subset{\mathbb C}P^n$ are ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$

It is known that all smooth projective quartic hypersurfaces of suitably large dimension are unirational over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$. Are there any results regarding unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Euler characteristic of a curve

Is it a complete coincidence that the Euler characteristic of a curve is exactly twice the Euler characteristic of its structure sheaf?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Is there a well-known tautological bundle over $\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)$?

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $>n$, and define the subset $$
K:=\{ ([\omega],v)\mid v\wedge\omega=0 \}\subset\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)\times V\, .
$$
Denote also by $\pi:K\longrightarrow ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Etale cohomology and topological invariance

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X_0 \subset X$ a subscheme defined by a nilpotent ideal. Denote by $i:X_0 \to X$ the closed immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf sheaf on ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

470 views

### Is there a “free abelian group of rank 1” in the category of affine group schemes?

Let's fix an algebraically closed field $k$.
The group $\mathbb Z$, as a discrete group scheme, is not affine since it's not quasi-compact. Is there an affine algebraic scheme over $k$ whose ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Separability and smoothness

Let $A \subseteq B$ be commutative noetherian rings.
I have found the following claim: "Separability implies smoothness" with the following explanation:
"The natural thing is to prove that a separable ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$

Is there any example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$ such that $I$ is complete and and there exists a minimal reduction $J$ of $I$ such that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Zariski closure construction (over a field) implicitly uses reduced induced structure?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme of finite type, $k$ a field, and $\Sigma$ a subset of $X(k)$. Since the $k$-points of $X(k)$ may be identified with the physical points $x\in X$ for which the structural map ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

461 views

### Infinitely many irreducible polynomials of the form f(X^2) + X mod 3?

Are there infinitely many polynomials $f \in \mathbb{F}_3[X]$ for which $f(X^2) + X$ is irreducible?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

189 views

### Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

217 views

### Two limit cycles which lie on the same leaf

Edit 1: For a related discussion see this MSE post
I apologize in advance, if this question is obvious:
1)What is an example of a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with at least two ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Complex plane mod lattice to elliptic curve correspondence generalization

If we observe the correspondence
$$\mathbb{C}/\Lambda \rightarrow E: Y^{2} = X^{3} - \frac{g_{2}(\Lambda)}{4}X - \frac{g_{3}(\Lambda)}{4},$$
we see the relationship between weight 4 and weight 6 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Intersection of two components and Jacobian criterion

A reducible scheme is singular along the intersection of two components: this is usually proved using the well-known, but not entirely trivial, fact that a regular local ring is an integral domain. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Gluing subschemes of fibers of Hilbert Scheme (in mixed characteristic)

Let $\mathfrak{X}\rightarrow Spec(R)$ be a smooth family of smooth projective varieties over a local 1-dimensional ring of mixed characteristic. Suppose that there are non-empty subschemes (locally ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Is there a tropical geometric proof for counting genus g curves in any n dimensional projective space?

Consider the following question: Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold
and $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$ a fixed homology class. Let
$\mu_1, \mu_2, \ldots, \mu_k$ denote certain generic ...