Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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4
votes
1answer
76 views

pull-back of canonical divisor under blow-up of a singular point

I was checking an example of canonical singularities from surface. We consider the surface $X:(xz=y^2)\subset \mathbb A^3$. The only singular point is the origin. We write down one affine piece of ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the cohomology of the tangent bundle of a flag variety?

Let $G$ be the general linear group $\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ and $P$ a parabolic subgroup with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{p}$. Consider the vector bundles $$ \mathcal{P} = G\times_P ...
2
votes
4answers
354 views

applications of Berkovich spaces

What are applications of the theory of Berkovich analytic spaces? The analytification $X \mapsto X^{\mathrm{an}}$
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Covering of schemes and flatness

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a finite surjective morphism of quasi-projective schemes over $\mathbb{C}$, $X$ is reduced and $Y$ is integral. Suppose that there exists an integer $n$ such that for every closed ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD?

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD? I've proved that neither $p$ nor $q$ can be congruent to $1$ modulo ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Reference Request: Fundamental Group Scheme

I want to learn about the Fundamental Group Scheme(First introduced by Madhav Nori). I am familiar with Basic Algebraic Geometry at the level of Eisenbud & Harris'"Geometry of Schemes" & to a ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Intersection Multiplicity

Let $X$ be an hyper-surface in an affine space defined by an equation $F$. We can assume that the ground field is $\mathbb{C}$ and $X$ is normal. Take functions $f_1,\dots, f_n$ on $X$ and let $B$ ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Estimate self crossings of a curve parameterized by a trigonometric polynomial

Given z on the unit circle, let $P(z)= \sum\limits_{k=-D}^D p_k z^k $. Can one estimate the number of self crossings of the following curve with an analytic expression in terms of the coefficients ...
5
votes
0answers
145 views

Does the fundamental group identify group structure on subvarieties of products of curves?

Let $C_1,\dots, C_n$ be smooth curves over $\overline{\mathbb F}_p$, not necessarily proper. Let $X$ be a subvariety of $C_1 \times \dots \times C_n$. I'm interested in the natural map: $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Analytically but not algebraically smoothable singularity

Are there examples of algebraic singularities which may be smoothed analytically but not algebraically? It certainly seems possible, but if not, why? Are there conditions under which this becomes ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

miniversality vs versality

Consider a moduli problem $\mathcal{M}$. Assume, at each point $x$, the associated deformation problem $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a tangent-obstruction theory. It follows that $\mathcal{M}_x$ has a hull ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

A question on polynomial heights

For a given polynomial $f(x_1, \cdots, x_n) \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1, \cdots, x_n]$, define the height of $f$ as $H(f)$ as the maximum absolute value among its coefficients. We can also define the log ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Degree of irreducible locally free sheaves and global sections on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve and $\mathcal{F}$ a locally free sheaf on $X$ of rank $2$ and negative degree. Assume further that $\mathcal{F}$ is irreducible in the sense, $\mathcal{F}$ cannot ...
0
votes
1answer
194 views

Find all possible rational values of the parameter of a parametric cubic such that it is reducible

Description: Given the following parametric cubic polynomials ${E}^{3} - 15\, {\beta}_{\pm}\, {E}^{2} - 3 \left({71\, {\beta}_{\pm}^{2} + 352\, {\beta}_{\mp}}\right) E + 135\, {\beta}_{\pm} ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

divisor is big iff its birational pullback is big

In Kollár and Mori's Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties, the authors say a Cartier divisor is big iff its birational pullback is big (Definition 2.59 below). But I can't understand. Maybe the ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Special linear sections of a hypersurface

We discuss on the field of complex numbers. Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface of dimension $n \geq 4$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}(\mathbb{C})$. Assume that for a general point $x \in X$, there ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

About bounding values of quadratic forms

It would be helpful if someone can share (either as references) examples of calculations/analysis which achieves bounding of values of quadratic forms in say either of the following situations, ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Fixed space of the square of a symmetric matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$

Let $M$ be an invertible symmetric $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries in the finite field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Is $\mathrm{Ker}\ (M^2 - I_{2n})$ necessarily even dimensional?
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Pushforward of pullback

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a (proper if you want) morphism between two noetherian schemes. Let $X_0$ and $Y_0$ be two closed subschemes of $X$ and $Y$, with closed immersion $i \colon X_0 \to X$ and $j ...
4
votes
0answers
176 views

Fundamental group of the complement homogeneous variety in $\mathbb{C}P^{n-1}$

Let $f,g:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ are two irreducible homogeneous polynomials. If there is a homeomorphism $h:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}^n$ such that $h(X)=Y$ and $h(0)=0$, where $X=f^{-1}(0)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on ...
0
votes
0answers
171 views

What is the meaning of “field of constants”?

Let $X$ be a smooth proper variety over a field $k$, and let $D \subset X$ be a smooth irreducible divisor. What is the meaning of "the field of constants of $D$"? Here is my guess: $D$ is proper, ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

How to prove that any perfect complex on an affine scheme is strictly perfect?

Let $(X,\mathcal{A})$ be a ringed space. A complex $\mathcal{S}^{\bullet}$ of $\mathcal{A}$-modules is $\textit{perfect}$ if for any point $x\in X$, there exists an open neighborhood $U$ of $x$ and a ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Rational group scheme

Suppose $G$ is a group scheme over a field $k$, i.e., $G$ is a functor from the category $\text{Alg}_k$ of unital commutative, associative $k$-algebras to the category of $\text{Groups}$. Suppose that ...
-1
votes
0answers
89 views

Local cohomology, vanishing of cohomology for sheaves that are not $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules

Let $X$ be a scheme over a field $k$ and x$\in X$ a closed point. Then one can calculate $H^1_x(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ to be isomorphic to $\mathcal{O}_{X,x}[1/f]/\mathcal{O}_{X,x}$ using the exact ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Gersten Conjecture for Milnor K-theory

The Gersten conjecture for Milnor K-theory, saying that the Gersten complex $$0\rightarrow \mathcal{K}^M_X\rightarrow \oplus_{x\in X^0}i_{x*}(K^M_n(x))\rightarrow \oplus_{x\in ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

If X is a quasiprojective variety with condition S_2, and if its normalization Y is Cohen-Macaulay, is X necessarily Cohen-Macaulay?

Suppose that $X$ is a quasiprojective variety satisfying $S_2$, and that the normalization ${X}^{\mathrm{N}}$ of $X$ is Cohen-Macaulay. Question: Is $X$ Cohen-Macaulay? This already fails for ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

Is every surjective, birational transformation of projective varieties automatically proper?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex, irreducible, normal, projective varieties (read: integral, projective, normal $\mathbb C$-schemes of finite type), projective in the sense of Hartshorne. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Relation between dualization complex, cotangent complex and Deligne-Du Bois complex?

Given a smooth variety $X$, one can define the cotangent sheaf $\Omega_X$, the canonical sheaf $\omega_X$ and the deRham complex $\Omega_X^\bullet$. These three object has obvious relations. For ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Terminology regarding divisor on a curve

Suppose that $D = \sum n_i P_i$ is a divisor on a curve $C$, say, over a field. Is there a standard algebraic geometry terminology referring to the set $\{ P_i : n_i \neq 0 \} \subset |C|$? Support of ...
6
votes
3answers
583 views

Blow-ups and blow-downs

Can $\mathbb P \times \mathbb P \times \mathbb P$ be obtained from $\mathbb P^3$ by a finite succession of blow-ups and blow-downs along non-singular centers?
-3
votes
0answers
70 views

Blow-ups and blow-downs of $\mathbb P^3$ [duplicate]

If one blows up $\mathbb P^2$ twice and blows down once, then he may get $\mathbb P \times \mathbb P$. I am wondering if the same thing can be done for $\mathbb P^3$ and $\mathbb P \times \mathbb P ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Constructing Ramanujan graphs from elliptic curves

Is there an exposition which explains how to do this step-by-step? (I see stray references and allusions to such a thing being possible but can't locate anything concretely) Something to do with ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

Hochster-Roberts Theorem reciprocal

Given a Cohen-Macaulay ring $R$ over a field of characteristic zero and $G$ a reductive algebraic group acting on $R$, then the ring of ivanriants $R^G$ is also Cohen-Macaulay. This is known as ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Classifying Spaces and Eilenberg-Maclane objects in the category of simplicial rings

[Skip down to the bottom for a correction] Let's work over a field k, assume it is as nice as you need it to be.. Suppose I have an ordinary (edit: commutative) affine group scheme G = Spec(A) over k, ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

Semistability in GIT

If I understand correctly, in geometric invariant theory, polystable points can be defined as those which have a closed orbit. Is it true that semistable points can be characterized as those whose ...
4
votes
0answers
188 views

Brauer-Manin obstruction to surfaces of Kodaira dimension 1

Roughly speaking, the Kodaira dimension is an invariant of a variety that corresponds to curvature. One can show that curves of genus $\geq 2$ have Kodaira dimension 1 using Riemann-Roch. In Corollary ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Periodic points in C^2

I came up with a problem which is similar to the following quesitons: Consider a map: $f(x,y)=(y^2-2,xy-2)$. It is seems that the number of periodic points of given period is bounded. I want to ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Maryam Mirzakhani's works

Maryam Mirzakhani has made several contributions to the theory of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces. Mirzakhani was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics ...
16
votes
2answers
403 views

Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$? If ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Converse to Weil Restriction of Scalars

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero (I'm only interested in number fields), and let $\mathbb{G}_{/k}$ be a linear algebraic group defined over $k$ which is almost $k$-simple (all normal ...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Motivic integration in positive characteristic: how much is known?

It seems that in papers on motivic integration people usually assume the base field to have characteristic $0$ (and algebraically closed?). My question is: how much can one prove over a positive ...
2
votes
0answers
243 views

When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$. When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Fermat's Theorem on p = a^2 + b^2 [migrated]

I have read that Fermat predicted that for an odd prime $p$, $p = a^2 + b^2$ iff $p = 1$ mod 4. I heard that such a criterion could be possible for a given integer $n$ like $p = a^2 + n b^2$ ...
8
votes
1answer
300 views

A reference for $\mathbb{A}^1_R$ being a coarse moduli space of the stack of elliptic curves

Let $R$ be a ring and let $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ be the algebraic $R$-stack of elliptic curves (over $R$-schemes as bases). One knows that the coarse moduli space of $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ is supposed to ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Relation between intersection multiplicities

Consider $(f_1,\dots,f_n), (g_1,\dots,g_n)\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\dots,z_n]\ $ such that: i) $\{f_1=\dots=f_n=0\}= \{g_1=\dots=g_n=0\}=\{0\}\in \mathbb{C}^n\ $ and ii) $f_1g_1+\dots+f_ng_n\equiv0$. ...
0
votes
2answers
226 views

Serre's Theorem for Coherent Sheaves

I recently heard a discussion about a certain of Serre which reconstructs the category of coherent sheaves of a variety $V$ as the category of modules over the homogeneous space of $V$ modulo modules ...
1
vote
4answers
252 views

Global section of very ample line bundles and its value on stalks

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $\mathcal{L}$ be a very ample line bundle on $X$ with respect to some projective embedding $X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ (for some $n$). Given any ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...