Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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8
votes
1answer
420 views

Cohomology theory “from” Grothendieck's six operations?

How, precisely, (as suggested by grothendieck) cohomology theory naturally follows from the Grothendieck's six operations associated to the category derived from the topos? I would like some ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Dimension of a sheaf cohomology group on a genus 1 curve

Let $\mathcal{M}_{g,1}$ be the moduli space of genus 1 curves with 1 puncture. For simplicity let's take $g > 1$. As usual, there is a natural fibration $C \rightarrow \mathcal{M}_{g,1} \rightarrow ...
6
votes
0answers
164 views

Semi-continuity of intersection numbers

I always trusted the following quite vague statement: If you have a family of effective divisors $D_1(t),\dots , D_k(t)$ on a $k$-dimensional projective variety $X_t$, where $t$ is a paramater say ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Field of definition of an algebraic set

I find this definition in Silverman's book, The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves: an algebraic set(in $A^n(\bar{K})$) is called defined over $K$ if its ideal can be generated by polynomials in ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

globally well-defined holomorphic vector field on a curve $y^N = x^2 - z^2$

Let us start with a multiple cover $C$ of the $x$-plane branched at $z$ and $-z$, and so described by an equation $y^N = x^2 - z^2$. For $N=2$, it is known that there are globally-defined ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Bott-type vanishing results for the weighted Grassmannian wGr(2,5)

If $G=Gr(k,n)$ denotes the Grassmannian of k-dimensional subspaces in $V= \mathbb C^n$, representation theory gives us a Bott-type result for the cohomology groups $H^q(G, \Omega^p(k))$ of the twisted ...
1
vote
2answers
328 views

Perverse sheaves and tensor product

If $X$ is a connected algebraic variety of finite type over $k$ (with $k$ a field of positive characteristic) of dimension $d$, and if $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ are perverse sheaves on $X$ so ...
7
votes
4answers
444 views

Picard groups of quartic K3 surfaces

Does anyone know where I can find examples of quartic K3 surfaces for which the Picard group is known? I'm really interested in examples where there are explicit constructions of the divisors ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Does the link of a hypersurface singularity determine its analytic type?

Consider a hypersurface $V(f) \subseteq \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ with an isolated singularity at the origin. If $L := V(f) \cap S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ is the link of $V(f)$ (with $S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ a ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

connectedness of semi algebraic sets

We know the inequalities $x_ix_j >\theta_{ij}$ or $x_ix_j<\theta_{ij}$ for some $\theta_{ij}$>0, some $i,j\in\{1,\cdots,n\}$, $i\neq j$ defines the easiest semi algebraic set in $R^n_{\geq 0}$, ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Does $\omega_C\simeq N_{C/S}$ always happen on Enriques surfaces?

Let $S$ be an Enriques surface and $C\subset S$ a smooth irreducible curve of genus $g$. Consider the condition $$\omega_C\simeq N_{C/S}$$ For example, when $g=1$ then $\omega_C=\mathcal{O}_C$ and ...
5
votes
2answers
595 views

Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves" I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...
30
votes
2answers
922 views

Complex manifold with subvarieties but no submanifolds

I previously asked this question on MSE and offered a bounty but received no responses. There are examples of compact complex manifolds with no positive-dimensional compact complex submanifolds. ...
3
votes
0answers
245 views

Is this Grothendieck trace map an isomorphism?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and let $S := \operatorname{Spec}(A)$. Let $$ g : Y \to X $$ be a proper, birational morphism of separated schemes of finite type over $S$, where $X$ is affine and ...
9
votes
0answers
199 views

Rationality of a certain real algebraic variety

Let $A_n$ denote the vector space of $n\times n$ antisymmetric matrices over ${\mathbb{Q}}$, where $n$ is even. Let $A_n^*\subset A_n$ denote the affine ${\mathbb{Q}}$-subvariety of invertible ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

Milnor numbers and mixed multiplicities

section 6 of the link Teissier showed that Milnor numbers of a hypersurface $(X,0)$ with isolated singulraity at 0 is same as mixed multiplicities of the Hilbert polynomial of the filtration ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

$z^n-t^m=x^3+y^3$ and Vojta's more general abc conjecture

In A more general abc conjecture, p. 7 Paul Vojta conjectures: If $x_0,\ldots x_{n-1}$ are nonzero coprime integers satisfing $x_0 + \cdots x_{n-1}=0$ $$ \max\{|x_0|,\ldots |x_{n-1}|\} \le C ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Base change and geometrically generic reduced fiber

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$ and $f:X \to Y$ be a quasi-projective morphism between noetherian $k$-schemes. Assume that $Y$ is regular and the geometric generic ...
0
votes
1answer
183 views

Field extension and nilpotent element

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, $A$ a regular local noetherian $k$-algebra, $B$ another local noetherian $k$-algebra, $f:A \to B$ an injective ring homomorphism of ...
5
votes
1answer
322 views

A criterion for orbits of complex reductive group to be closed

I am having some trouble understanding Nakajima's proof of the Kempf-Ness theorem in [1]. At the end (proof of Proposition 3.9(6)), his argument is basically the following: Let $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ be a ...
8
votes
0answers
161 views

Are there genera for algebraic cobordism?

For real and complex manifolds, we can form the (oriented) cobordism ring $\Omega$, and a genus is defined to be a ring homomorphism $$\varphi:\Omega\otimes\mathbb{Q}\to R$$ where $R$ is any ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Schwartz-Zippel lemma for an algebraic variety

Let $X $ be a smooth affine subvariety of $(\overline{\mathbb{F}_q})^n$ defined by a prime ideal $I$. Let $f$ $\in \mathbb{F}_q[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a polynomial such that $f \notin I$. Let $r_1, ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Smoothness of a (given) global section of a vector bundle over G(2,6)

Let $G=Gr(2,6)$ the Grassmannian of two planes in $V=\mathbb C^6$, and let $\mathcal Q(1)$ the rank four quotient bundle on it twisted with $\mathcal O_G(1) \cong $ det$(S^*)$, $S$ being the ...
5
votes
3answers
342 views

Families of abelian varieties on the line (or more generally simply connected varieties)

I'm curious whether the following is true: Question 1: Let $V/\mathbb{C}$ be a smooth connected variety such that $V^\text{an}$ is simply connected. Then, is every abelian scheme $f:\mathscr{A}\to ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

$G$-invariant holomorphic vs. polynomial functions

Let $X\subseteq\Bbb C^n$ be a smooth affine variety and $G$ a complex reductive group acting algebraically on $X$. Let $x_0\in X$. If there is a non-constant $G$-invariant holomorphic function ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Finding functions on curves with given multiplicity at a point

just migrated these questions from SE, I hope is ok. Let $C/k$ be a smooth curve over a field (not necessarily perfect) , $P\in C(k)$ and $n\in \mathbb{Z}^{+}$ such that $n>1$ I want to find a ...
0
votes
2answers
188 views

Does there exist an Affinization or Projectivization process for Varieties?

Let us consider the classical isomorphism of real manifolds between $S^2$ and ${\mathbb CP}^1$. First strange thing we have here is that both are varieties, but $S^2$ is an affine and ${\mathbb CP}^1$ ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Which varieties are flat degenerations of projective space?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with discrete valuation and let $R$ be its ring of integers. Which varieties can be reached as the special fiber of a flat degeneration over $R$, when the ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Monodromy theorem of degeneration of smooth projective varieties to non-reduced central fiber

Given a family $\pi: \mathcal{X}\rightarrow\Delta$ smooth away from $0\in\Delta$, Where $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth complex manifold, $\Delta$ is a small disk, the general fiber of $\pi$ is smooth ...
7
votes
1answer
412 views

what is the universal cover of GL(2,R)?

In the theory of Bridgeland stability conditions one has an action of the universal cover $G'$ of $G = GL^+(2,\mathbb R)$. What is G'? I know there is concrete description in terms of pairs ...
5
votes
0answers
258 views

Deligne's theorem on the characterisation of Tannakian categories

I am trying to understand the proof of the Theorem 7.1 from Catégories Tannakiennes by Pierre Deligne https://publications.ias.edu/sites/default/files/60_categoriestanna.pdf. Essentially, it is ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Sections of a linear system splitting as a product of degree one polynomials

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a hypersurface of degree $d$ and with multiplicities $m_1,...,m_k$ at $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^n$ general points. Let $S\subseteq |\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(d)|$ be ...
7
votes
1answer
245 views

Morphisms for good reduction are maps respecting filtration

Please see edits below! So, let $A,A'/K$ be abelian varieties where $K$ is a $p$-adic local field with residue field $k$. Suppose further that they have good reduction with models ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Automorphisms of rings fixing all prime ideals

Let $f,g:A \to B$ be two ring homomorphisms of noetherian rings satisfying that for any prime ideal $\mathfrak{q} \subset B$, $f^{-1}(\mathfrak{q})=g^{-1}(\mathfrak{q})=:\mathfrak{p}$ and the induced ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Need a reference/proof for computing the regularity of ideal of points in $\mathbb P^d$?

In a lecture notes on 'Cohomology modules' i read the following remark: Given a set $X$ of points in $\mathbb P^d$,using the Local Cohomology modules one can easily compute the reg$(S_X)$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

On some curves of real values of a rational function

For given parameters $a_{1},\dots,a_{k}\in\mathbb{R}$, define the rational function $\phi:\mathbb{C}\to\mathbb{C}$ as $$\phi(z)=\frac{1}{z}-a_{1}z-a_{2}z^{2}-\dots-a_{k}z^{k}.$$ The domain of its real ...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

Euler characteristic - reference question

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$ and let $\mathcal F$ be a constructible sheaf on $X$. It is well-known that the Euler characteristic of the cohomology of $\mathcal F$ is equal to the ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

Rationally connected spaces over non-algebraically-closed fields

The definition I most often see for what it means for a projective variety $X$ over a field $k$ to be rationally connected is that there exists a variety $M$ and a dominant morphism ...
1
vote
1answer
164 views

General Reference for surface singularities

Is there any "standard" reference for (rational) singularities on algebraic surfaces? I'm aware of Artin's papers and the one of Brieskorn (Rationale Singularitäten komplexer Flächen), but they seem ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How much of modern algebraic geometry is there in modern complex(algebraic, analytic, differential) geometry?

Good day to you, people of mathoverflow. I'll get to the point. I wonder how much of modern abstract algebraic geometry is there in modern complex geometry? What do I mean by complex geometry? ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

A suspected typo, and Deligne's image of the general fiber swallowing the special

In SGA 4.5 (Arcata V.1) Deligne writes: Let $X$ be a complex analytic variety and $f:X\rightarrow D$ map $X$ into the disk. Write $[0,t]$ for closed line segment with extremities 0 and $t$ in ...
0
votes
0answers
206 views

On the coherence of formal power series ring

Let $A = {\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,X_2,...]]$ be the ring of formal power series with infinitely many variables over the finite field ${\Bbb F}_p.$ $A$ consists of such formal sum elements as $\sum ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Rank diagrams of permutations $w \in S_{m}$ in the study of complete flag varieties [closed]

I'm looking for some good references that may either prove or help to prove the following statement: Show that a matrix $r=(r_{pq})_{1 \leq p,q \leq m}$ defines a rank diagram for some pair of ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Efficient CW structures on squarefree semi-algebraic set

General Setup Given a collection of $k$ polynomials (with real coefficients) in $n$ real variables, say $f_i(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$, let $V \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ correspond to those $x$-values for which ...
5
votes
0answers
134 views

Symplectic invariance of Hodge numbers?

Let $(X,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold. If $J$ is a $\omega$-compatible complex structure on $X$ then $(X,\omega,J)$ is a compact Kähler manifold and so has Hodge numbers $h^{p,q}$. My ...
2
votes
2answers
295 views

Irreducible algebraic sets via irreducible polynomials

There are many results about irreducible polynomials over finite fields: we know a cardinality of all irreducible polynomials with given degree, we know explicit examples of irreducible polynomials, ...
4
votes
1answer
292 views

an algebraic variety for a boolean circuit

There is a polynomial reduction from a $3-CNF$ $SAT$ problem to some system of polynomial equations over $\mathbb{F}_2$. I mean there is polynomial reduction $F$ such that for every boolean ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Number of rational points in a non-smooth variety

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over $\mathbb{F}_q$ with dimensional $n$. We know that if $X$ is smooth than $X$ has about $q^{nk}$ rational points over $\mathbb{F}_{q^k}$ (Weil hypothesis). Is there ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

Using Lefschetz duality in algebraic geometry

I am reading the paper of Fulton and Lazarsfeld on the connectivity of degeneracy loci of morphisms of vector bundles, but there is a comment in the article that I don't quite understand. Let $G$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
164 views

Exact sequence of vector bundles

Consider the short exact sequences below; \begin{equation} 0\longrightarrow H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^4}(d-1)^{\oplus 4})\longrightarrow ...