Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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Quadrics cutting out a polygon

Let $l_1,l_2,l_3,l_4,l_5\subset \mathbb P^4_k$ be distinct lines such that $|l_i\cap l_{i+1}|=1$ for all $i\ mod\ 5$ and $l_i\cap l_j\neq \emptyset\iff j=i+1\ mod\ 5$ (so that $\cup_{i=1}^5l_i$ is a ...
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105 views

self intersection of a curve in a surface

Suppose $S$ is a compact complex surface, $C\subset S$ is a one dimensional irreducible subvariety (a curve). Suppose further, there exists a family of biholomorphism of $S$ nearby the identity map. ...
2
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108 views

Polynomials with some roots whose product is 1

I asked this question in this post but have not got a full answer. So I post it again on MO. Consider the complex coefficient polynomial equation \begin{eqnarray} ...
4
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0answers
89 views

Deligne-Hitchin twistor space

Let $M$ be the moduli space of stable holomorphic Higgs bundles on a Riemann surface $\Sigma$. By Hitchin s work it is equipped with a hyper-kaehler structure, and one can define its twistor space, a ...
7
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149 views

Flat connection from gauged WZW model

$\newcommand{\g}{\mathfrak g}$ $\newcommand{\h}{\mathfrak h}$ In short my question is : Has someone worked out the flat connection that one should get from the gauged WZW model in genus 0 ? Some ...
7
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1answer
203 views

Fiberwise criterion for a stack to be a gerbe

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of algebraic stacks. If the geometric fibres of $f$ are algebraic spaces, then $f$ is representable by algebraic spaces. I'm wondering about analogues of this fiberwise ...
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61 views

linearly equivalence of line bundles

Suppose we have a complex manifold $X$ with a fmaily of nontrivial holomorphic biholomorphisms $F(t,x)$ where $t\in\mathbb C,|t|<1$. And $F(0,x)=Id$ and $F(t,x)$is holomorphic in all variables. ...
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85 views

Image of the smooth locus under a GIT quotient

Let $M$ be an irreducible component of a GIT quotient $Q//PGL(m)$, where $Q$ is a reduced quasi-projective scheme over an algebraically closed field. Is it possible for the image of the smooth locus ...
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2answers
222 views

Example of a non-Kähler manifold with varying plurigenera

Let $X \stackrel{\pi}{\to} \mathbb{D}$ be a proper holomorphic family with fibres $X_t = \pi^{-1}(t)$. Siu proved, when the $X_t$'s are projective, that the plurigenera $h^0(X_t, mK_{X_t})$ are ...
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98 views

Finite groups as intersection of algebraical groups [migrated]

Well known that any finite number of points can be seen as intersection of two algebraical curves. Is it true that any finite group $G$ can be seen as intersection of two (connected) one dimensional ...
30
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3answers
921 views

Polynomials with the same values set on the unit circle

Assume that $P(z)$, $Q(z)$ are complex polynomials such that $P(S)=Q(S)$, where $S=\{z\colon |z|=1\}$ (equality is understood in the sense of sets, but I do not know the answer even for multisets). ...
30
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1answer
642 views

A dictionary of Characteristic classes and obstructions

I apologize in advance as this is not a research level question but rather one which could benefit from expert attention but is potentially useful mainly to novice mathematicians. In an effort to ...
2
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1answer
206 views

Question related to Fermat curve: Does the equation $A x^n + By^n = C z^n$ have any solution in $\mathbb{N}$?

Let $A, B, C \in \mathbb{N}$ be such that $\gcd(A,B,C)=1$. Is it known if the equation $A x^n + By^n = C z^n$ has any non-trivial solutions $x,y,z \in \mathbb{N}$? I know there are no such solutions ...
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184 views

What is Koszul dual of a curve?

Let $X$ be a curve embedded into a projective space $\mathbb P$ such that it is cut out (scheme-theoretically or ideal-theoretically) by quadrics. What is known about the Koszul dual of the ...
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44 views

Order of Contact for a general tangent line of a cubic threefold [migrated]

I am trying to solve Exercise 18.21 of Harris "Algebraic Geometry". In the proof of the unirationality of a smooth cubic threefold X he claims that a general tangent line to X at a general point p ...
4
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1answer
145 views

infinitesimal lifting criterion for non-noetherian schemes

We have the "standard criterion" which says that a morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is smooth if: 1/ $Y$ is locally noetherian. 2/ $f$ is locally of finite type and satisfies lifting criterion for ...
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154 views

Are there any non-trivial $G$-gerbes over the analytic space $\mathbb C$

Does there exist a finite (abstract) group $G$ and a non-trivial $G$-gerbe $\mathcal X\to \mathbb C$, where we work in the category of analytic stacks. My guess is that $G$-gerbes for $G$ an abelian ...
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70 views

How order of divisor with support at infinity is changed at reduction?

Jing Yu in his paper "On Arithmetic Of Hyperelliptic Curves" on page 5 asserts the following The most interesting case is certainly the case $k = \mathbb Q$ and $D \in \mathbb Z[t]$. To ...
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0answers
90 views

Chern classes of a family and Chern classes of a member

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $\mathcal E$ a family on torsion free coherent sheaves on $X$ parametrized by a smooth curve (over $k$) i.e. a ...
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3answers
753 views

Does anyone know the classification of fourth order surfaces?

Does anyone know the classification of fourth order surfaces? By "fourth order surface" I mean a surface defined by an equation of the form $$f(x, \, y, \, z)=0,$$ where $f$ is a polynomial of degree ...
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134 views

Dynamical Mordell-Lang on Kahler manifolds?

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb C$ and $\phi : X \to X$ is an endomorphism. Let $p \in V$ be a point and $V \subset X$ a subvariety. The dynamical Mordell-lang ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$. We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...
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130 views

The principal bundle of embeddings

In a paper of P. Michor, it was shown that Emb(M,N) is a smooth principal diff(M)-bundle, M and N are smooth locally compact manifolds provided dim M < dim N. My question is why there is a ...
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342 views

higher algebraic homotopy groups for schemes?

I think I understand how to define the algebraic fundamental group $\pi^{alg}_{1}(X)$ of a scheme and I think I understand the relation between $\pi^{alg}_{1}(X)$ and $\pi_{1}(X(\mathbb{C}))$, where ...
4
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319 views

When can the “homotopy exact sequence” of etale fundamental groups for a smooth curve fail to be exact?

Suppose you have a smooth proper curve $f : \overline{X}\rightarrow S$ over an arbitrary locally noetherian scheme $S$ with a section $e : S\rightarrow \overline{X}$. Let $X := \overline{X} - e(S)$. ...
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110 views

Obstruction to lifting of global sections of invertible sheaves

Are there known examples of smooth projective hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, say $X$ and an invertible sheaf $L$ on $X$ with $H^0(X,L)>0$ satisfying the following property: There exists an ...
5
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1answer
238 views

Mapping scheme from a proper variety

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a field $k$. Let $T$ be a scheme over $k$. Is it true that morphisms $T \times X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ are in bijection with morphisms $T \to \Gamma (X, \mathcal{O}_X)$ ...
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207 views

Can one prove the poincare duality for projective scheme by proving it for projective space?

It's well known the relationship between Poincare duality and Thom isomorphism(I mean cohomology purity $R^q i^! F=0$ if $q\neq c $ ) $\quad $ $Rf_!Ri_!=R(f|_Z)_!$ where f is $P_k^n\rightarrow k$ ...
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112 views

Stable vector bundles in Weil's parametrization

Let $C$ be a smooth projective algebraic curve. Isomorphism classes of vector bundles on $C$ are in bijection with $GL_n(F) \backslash GL_n (\mathbb{A}) / GL_n(\mathcal{O})$, I think (one trivalizes ...
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1answer
230 views

Analogue of Tate curve for $g>1$

Is there any analogue of the Tate curve for (principally polarized) abelian varieties of dimension $g$ ?
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1answer
106 views

Smoothness and quotient

Suppose we have a smooth Mumford's quotient $Q//PGL_k(m)$ where $Q$ is a quasi-projective variety and $k$ is an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic. Is it true that $Q$ is also ...
4
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1answer
399 views

What are local spaces and what are they good for?

Factorization structures have been popular in the past decade. Recently a variant of this structure has been suggested by Ivan Mirkovic (and possibly collaborators). This variant, which goes under the ...
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1answer
74 views

Pencil of singular affine hypersurfaces differing only in the constant term

Question--quick version: Does there exist a (nonconstant) polynomial $f \in \mathbb C[x,y,z]$ such that for all $c \in \mathbb C$, the affine hypersurface cut out by $f + c$ is singular? Motivated ...
2
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1answer
195 views

Moduli of stable bundles - analytic approach

Consider a compact Riemann surface $X$ of genus $\ge 2$, and consider the set $M$ of stable holomorphic vector bundles of rank $n$ and degree $d$ on $X$, up to isomorphism. At that point, one states ...
7
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1answer
257 views

Intuition for Picard-Lefschetz formula

I'm trying to develop some intuition for the (local) Picard-Lefschetz formula (which I'm encountering for the first time in Deligne's paper "La Conjecture de Weil, I"). To summarize the setup, we ...
3
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1answer
162 views

Is there a covering of Prym variety?

$\mathstrut$Hi, guys! Let $C$, $C^\prime$ be projective smooth irreducible algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field $k$ ($\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$), $\phi : C$ $\to$ $C^\prime$ a ...
0
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1answer
117 views

When stable curves can be embedded to their Jacobian?

Let $X$ be a stable curve over a complete DVR $R$ with smooth generic fiber. If $X$ has a $R$-rational point, by the universal properties of Neron models, we obtain a morphism from $f: X-X_{s}^{\rm ...
4
votes
2answers
258 views

Lifting the Hasse invariant mod $2$

Katz defines in Section 2.0 $p$-adic properties of modular schemes and modular forms the Hasse invariant as a mod $p$ modular form $A$ of weight $p-1$. In other words, it is a section of ...
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1answer
91 views

the pfaffian-adjugate and its counterparts for matrices odd size

Let $R$ be a commutative ring (zero characteristic). Take a skew-symmetric matrix $A\in Mat^{skew-sym}(n,R)$. If $n$ is even, then $det(A)=Pf^2(A)$ and there exists the "Pfaffian adjugate/adjoint" ...
0
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1answer
107 views

generic irreduciblity

Suppose we have a proper morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$ and $0\in Y$. If the fiber $f^{-1}(0)$ is irreducible and reduced, is the set $\{y\in Y|f^{-1}(y) \text{ is irreducible and reduced}\}$ open?
2
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0answers
137 views

Description of the equalizer of $\prod _j R/I_j \rightrightarrows \prod _{i,j}R/(I_i+I_j)$

This is a crosspost of this MSE question. I have asked several questions in an attmept to get a general version of the Chinese remainder theorem without conditions on the ideals which will ...
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128 views

del Pezzo surfaces and exceptional algebras

It is well-known that $H^2(dP_n, Z)$ for a del Pezzo surface of degree $9-n$ which is $\mathbb{P}^2$ blown up at $n$ generic points, is encoded by the exceptional Lie algebra $E_n$. However, the Mori ...
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228 views

Sporadic and Exceptional

I have been reading this recent paper of J.McKay and YH. He (they've written a number of papers recently, including a fun and joking one on 42 which overflow commented on) called "Sporadic and ...
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127 views

ideals linked to an almost complete intersection

Is a grade $3$ type $3$ perfect ideal in a Noetherian ring linked to a grade $3$ almost complete intersection? I know that grade $3$ type $2$ perfect ideals are (by a work of Anne Brown).
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Detecting $k$-affinoid spaces by vanishing cohomology

The property of being an affine scheme can be tested against all quasi-coherent sheaves in the following sense: a noetherian scheme $X$ is affine iff $H^i(X,\mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent ...
14
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315 views

History of the functor of points

Until now, I thought the functor of points approach was introduced by Grothendieck at the 1973 Buffalo seminar. However, in this note by Lawvere the author writes: "I myself had learned the ...
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154 views

Cohomology and deformations of moduli of vector bundles

I believe that the following is well-known, but I cannot find a reference in the literature... Let $X$ be a smooth variety (in our case $X = M^s(r)$ coarse moduli space of stable rank $r$ vector ...
4
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1answer
103 views

Pullback of $0$-cycle by generically finite rational map

Let $f:Y\dashrightarrow X$ be a generically finite (and separable) rational map of smooth projective $k$-varieties and $x,y\in U(k)$ be two rational points, where $U\subset X$ is an open subset of $X$ ...
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1answer
103 views

Looking for a good exposition - Rees Construction

Can someone point me in the direction of a good exposition of the Rees Construction in Hodge Theory? Thanks!
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98 views

Finiteness of torsion in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology

Let $F$ be a number field, $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $F$ and $\mathfrak{C}$ be a proper regular model. I am interested in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology, i.e., Zariski cohomology of the sheaf ...