Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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4
votes
0answers
182 views

Unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$

It is known that all smooth projective quartic hypersurfaces of suitably large dimension are unirational over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$. Are there any results regarding unirationality over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Euler characteristic of a curve

Is it a complete coincidence that the Euler characteristic of a curve is exactly twice the Euler characteristic of its structure sheaf?
2
votes
0answers
183 views

Is there a well-known tautological bundle over $\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)\times V$?

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $>n$, and define the subset $$ K:=\{ ([\omega],v)\mid v\wedge\omega=0 \}\subset\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)\times V\, . $$ Denote also by $\pi:K\longrightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Etale cohomology and topological invariance

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X_0 \subset X$ a subscheme defined by a nilpotent ideal. Denote by $i:X_0 \to X$ the closed immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf sheaf on ...
11
votes
2answers
456 views

Is there a “free abelian group of rank 1” in the category of affine group schemes?

Let's fix an algebraically closed field $k$. The group $\mathbb Z$, as a discrete group scheme, is not affine since it's not quasi-compact. Is there an affine algebraic scheme over $k$ whose ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Separability and smoothness

Let $A \subseteq B$ be commutative noetherian rings. I have found the following claim: "Separability implies smoothness" with the following explanation: "The natural thing is to prove that a separable ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$

Is there any example of a homogeneous (not monomial) $(x,y)$-primary ideal $I$ in $K[x,y]$ such that $I$ is complete and and there exists a minimal reduction $J$ of $I$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Zariski closure construction (over a field) implicitly uses reduced induced structure?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme of finite type, $k$ a field, and $\Sigma$ a subset of $X(k)$. Since the $k$-points of $X(k)$ may be identified with the physical points $x\in X$ for which the structural map ...
4
votes
0answers
123 views

Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...
12
votes
2answers
449 views

Infinitely many irreducible polynomials of the form f(X^2) + X mod 3?

Are there infinitely many polynomials $f \in \mathbb{F}_3[X]$ for which $f(X^2) + X$ is irreducible?
5
votes
0answers
187 views

Genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch

Let $F$ be a function field with one variable with total constant field $k$, and let $X$ be the set of all places of $F$. How do I show that the genus of $k(T)$ is $0$ without using Riemann-Roch? Is ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Two limit cycles which lie on the same leaf

Edit 1: For a related discussion see this MSE post I apologize in advance, if this question is obvious: 1)What is an example of a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with at least two ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Complex plane mod lattice to elliptic curve correspondence generalization

If we observe the correspondence $$\mathbb{C}/\Lambda \rightarrow E: Y^{2} = X^{3} - \frac{g_{2}(\Lambda)}{4}X - \frac{g_{3}(\Lambda)}{4},$$ we see the relationship between weight 4 and weight 6 ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Relative dualizing sheaf (reference, behavior)

Let $\mathcal{C}\rightarrow S$ a flat projective family of locally complete intersection projective curves over a integral noetherian scheme (say a spectrum of a local ring). I was wondering whether ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Intersection of two components and Jacobian criterion

A reducible scheme is singular along the intersection of two components: this is usually proved using the well-known, but not entirely trivial, fact that a regular local ring is an integral domain. ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Non canonical singularities of moduli spaces of curves

Is it true that for any $g\geq 1$ and $n$ such that $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ has dimension at least two the locus in $\overline{M}_{g,n}$ parametrizing reducible curves which are union of an elliptic ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Gluing subschemes of fibers of Hilbert Scheme (in mixed characteristic)

Let $\mathfrak{X}\rightarrow Spec(R)$ be a smooth family of smooth projective varieties over a local 1-dimensional ring of mixed characteristic. Suppose that there are non-empty subschemes (locally ...
6
votes
1answer
236 views

Is there a tropical geometric proof for counting genus g curves in any n dimensional projective space?

Consider the following question: Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold and $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$ a fixed homology class. Let $\mu_1, \mu_2, \ldots, \mu_k$ denote certain generic ...
12
votes
1answer
421 views

Which nice/deep elaborations on the (operators <-> sheaves) / (endomorphisms <-> objects) theme are there?

A linear operator $T:V\to V$ on a (say) vector space over a field $k$ is just a $k[T]$-module, and may be viewed as the sheaf $\mathscr F_T$ over $\mathbb A^1_k$, with fibre over $\lambda\in k$ equal ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

irreducibility of varieties defined by square roots equatiosn

I have the following collection of equations in matrix form: \begin{equation} \sqrt{\pi_{ij}\pi_{ik}\pi_{jl}\pi_{kl}}+ \sqrt{\pi_{ik}\pi_{il}\pi_{jk}\pi_{jl}}+\sqrt{\pi_{il}\pi_{ij}\pi_{kl}\pi_{jk}} ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

$H^{1}(C, N_{C/X}(-m)) = 0$, for $C$ a irreducible curve on $X$ through $m$ general points

I was reading A. de Jong and J. Starr's paper "Low degree complete intersections are rationally simply connected", which can be found at http://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/nk1006g.pdf, and ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Infinitesimal deformations of fake projective planes (or ball quotients)

This question is related to the answer I gave to this MO question. What I'm asking is probably well-known to the experts in the field, and I apologize in advance if this turns out to be trivial. By ...
6
votes
1answer
386 views

Analytic Chern classes

I have two questions on Chern classes, following Huybrechts' Complex Geometry. Are the analytic Chern forms just the elementary symmetric polynomials of the eigenvalues of the curvature? I googled ...
4
votes
2answers
302 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers. Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...
-3
votes
0answers
98 views

Non-flat $R \subseteq S$, which is integral, separable, $R$ is a noetherian (not integrally closed) integral domain

On ramification theory in noetherian rings, of Auslander and Buchsbaum say: "Chapter 4 is devoted to showing that under various conditions if $S$ is unramified over $R$, then $S$ is $R$-projective. ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

higher direct images of relative canonical sheaf plus a fractional divisor

For a map $f: Y \rightarrow X$ branched over simple normal crossing divisor $B=\sum_iB_i$, do we know of similar local freeness property for higher direct image of relative canonical sheaf plus a ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Riemann-Roch formula for nodal curves

Let $X$ be an irreducible, reduced, projective curve over an algebraically closed field, with at worst nodes as singularities. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a trivial vector bundle on $X$ of rank $r$. Consider ...
7
votes
2answers
451 views

What is descent data (of higher categories), conceptually?

First consider a scheme $X$ with an open cover $\mathcal{U}=\{U_i\}$. An object with descent data on $\mathcal{U}$ is a collection $(\mathcal{E}_i,\phi_{ij})$ where $\mathcal{E}_i$ is a ...
6
votes
2answers
854 views

About Abhyankar's conjecture

I just came to this conjecture (proved by M.Raynaud and D.Harbater in 1994) last weekend, in Fresnel and v.d.Put's book Rigid Geometry and Its Applications. It claims that all quasi $p$-group $G$ ...
21
votes
2answers
409 views

Equivalence of “Weyl Algebra” and “Crystalline” definitions of rings of differential operators between modules?

Let $B$ be a commutative $A$-algebra, and let $M$, $N$ be two $B$-modules. We can talk about the set of $A$-linear module homomorphisms $M \to N$, i.e. the set $\text{Hom}_A(M, N)$. Differential ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Two questions about sections of ruled surfaces

The following questions maybe elementary, but I can't find them in the literature. Assume now everything I will write is defined over some algebraically closed field. Let $S$ be a (geometrically) ...
14
votes
1answer
369 views

Geometric generic fibre

This is a pretty elementary question about schemes, but it came up in the course of research, so let's try it here rather than MSE. Question 1: Are the fibres of a family of complex varieties ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Is the Gysin morphism equivariant?

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective complex variety and $j \colon D \hookrightarrow X$ a smooth divisor. Then we have a Gysin morphism in singular cohomology $$ j_\ast \colon H^{\bullet}(D) \to ...
-1
votes
0answers
103 views

picard group of a cyclic cover

I want to find any result about the picard group of a ramified double cover of a projective plane. Isn't there any general result about this case unlike ruled surface? Can you recommend any good ...
5
votes
0answers
182 views

Log smooth models for abelian varieties

Let $K$ be a field which is complete for a discrete valuation. Assume that the residue field has characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A$ be an abelian variety over $K$ having the property that (for some ...
-1
votes
0answers
101 views

Bijection between dominant rational maps and morphisms of function fields? [migrated]

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two integral schemes of finite type over a field $k$. Consider the function fields $K(X)$ and $K(Y)$. Do we have a bijection between: (a) Dominant rational maps $X \rightarrow Y$ ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Twisting by a multiplicative Character in Katz, Perversity and Exponential sums

Let $C(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ be a nonsigular cubic form with integral coefficients. In his Proof that $C$ fulfills the Hasse-Principle, if $n\geq 9$, Hooley used the following estimate that was provided ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

TTF triples are recollements

The notion of recollement $$ \mathcal{A}' \stackrel{\overset{i^*}{\longleftarrow}}{\stackrel{\overset{i_*}{\longrightarrow}}{\underset{i^!}{\longleftarrow}}} ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

$n$-recollements and perverse t-structures

A recent preprint on arXiv brought my attention on the notion of $n$-recollement (def. 2) a generalization of the notion of recollement among three abelian or triangulated categories behaving like a ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Beauville's Integrable System with singular spectral curves

Let us consider Beauville's Integrable System. So, we live on $\mathbb{P}^1$. There is the moduli space of matrices $M_r(d)/\mathrm{PGL}(r)$ with polynomial entries of degree less than or equal $d$. ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

All relations among degree n monomials in n variables

In the course of my work, I have run into the problem of finding exactly all relations among degree $n$ monomials in $k[x_1,\dotsc,x_n]$, with specific interest in the case $n=3$ (e.g. $x_1^2 x_2 ...
5
votes
2answers
728 views

Idea of using etale site

I have just read an article which mentions that, when Grothendieck considered using etale morphism, he did borrow the idea from Riemann that multivalued function on an open subset of complex plane ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Proof of formula for dimension of moduli of stable vector bundles on smooth curves [migrated]

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g \ge 2$ over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic. If I understand correctly, the dimension of the moduli space of vector bundles on $C$ of ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Model over DVR for smooth projective curves

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve of genus at least $2$ over a complete discrete valued field $F$ of characteristic zero (not necessarily algebraically closed). Let $R$ ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

residue formula for connections on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve over a field $k$ (characteristic zero is enough for me) and $E$ a line bundle on $X$. Assume that $E$ is equipped with an integrable logarithmic connection ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

Transversal intersection in the moving lemma

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over an algebraically closed field and let $A,B$ be closed irreducible subvarieties of $X$. Chow's moving lemma which is proved in the book by Eisenbud and ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Vanishing of higher direct image of a morphism with generic fiber $\Bbb{P}^1$

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange.com with no reply for the past week or so. Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of smooth (integral) varieties over $\Bbb{C}$ with generic fiber equal ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

The canonical bundle of an infinitesimal deformation

Let $X_0$ be a smooth projective variety over the complex numbers and let $X$ be an infinitesimal deformation of $X_0$ over the ring of dual numbers. If the canonical bundle of $X_0$ is ample (resp. ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

isogeny clases of CM abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ and with complex multiplication by a CM field $K$. Looking at the action of $K$ on $H^0(A, \Omega^1_A)$ one gets a CM type of $K$, ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Smooth morphism to homogeneous spaces and fibers

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a smooth morphism between projective varieties. Suppose $Y$ is a homogeneous space. Under what additional condition on $f$, can we conclude that every fibers of $f$ are isomorphic?