Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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1answer
314 views

why quintics are Calabi-Yau?

Why quintics are Calabi-Yau? Is there a explicit formula of the holomorphic volume form?
0
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0answers
115 views

singularities and zeros of series and reverse problem [closed]

Given a series $$S=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}a_n x^n,a_n\in \mathbb{N}$$ we know that it may have zeros,poles,branch points or natural boundary.Reversely,given it's zeros,poles,branch points or natural ...
6
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3answers
269 views

Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal. Is ...
3
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1answer
185 views

Surfaces singular along a curve

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth curve a degree $d$ and genus $g$. Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the system of surfaces of degree $k$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing $C$ with multiplicity $\beta$. What is ...
2
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1answer
341 views

Two questions about the grassmannian

There are two statements about the grassmannian (of complex k-planes in n-space embedded via Plucker coordinates) that I have encountered in several places never accompanied with a proof or reference. ...
2
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1answer
189 views

Cotangent bundle of coadjoint orbit is stein manifold?

Let me first define stein manifolds and coadjoint orbits. A complex manifold $X$ of complex dimension $n$ is called a Stein manifold if the following conditions hold: $X$ is holomorphically convex, ...
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0answers
77 views

Aysmptotic comparison of L^2 sections versus generating sections

Let $s_1,\ldots, s_k$ be linearly independent global holomorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle $E$ over a compact algebraic manifold $X$, with volume form $\Omega$. For $m$ large, let ...
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0answers
36 views

connected components of a real algebraic variety and its hyperplane section

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension at least $2$ over the real numbers $\mathbb{R}$ and $H \subset X$ a smooth hyperplane section. Assume that the set of real points is non-empty for ...
2
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1answer
337 views

Topological degree and polynomial degree

Let $F:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}^n$ be a homeomorphism homogeneous of degree 1 (i.e., $F(tx)=tF(x)$, $t>0$) and $g:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree $k$. Let $L$ ...
8
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1answer
330 views

On a question motivating Lurie's treatment of formal moduli problems

Lurie, in his ICM 2010 proceedings paper Moduli Problems for Ring Spectra (pdf), says that one motivating problem (for him, I presume, and possibly others) for thinking about formal moduli problems is ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Universal coefficient theorem for local ring

Let $R$ be a commutative local artin $k$-algebra,where $k$ is a field with characteristic $0$.I wonder whether universal coefficient theorem holds in this case.Namely,if $C$ is a chain of flat ...
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2answers
169 views

When is a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ a Mori Dream Space?

Let $p_1,...,p_k\in\mathbb{P}^2$ be general points. Let us consider the blow-up $X_k = Bl_{p_1,...,p_k}\mathbb{P}^2$. It is clear that if $k\leq 3$ then $X_k$ is toric and hence a Mori Dream Space. ...
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2answers
154 views

Nonsingular is rational singular

I know the following result is well known to the experts, but what are the good references or proofs: Let $X,Y$ be a smooth variety with projective, birational morphism $f: X \to Y$. Let $L$ be a ...
0
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0answers
60 views

Compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface

Is there some nice compactification of the affine space with a del Pezzo surface of degree $\le 4$ (for example with a cubic surface) ? More precisely, I would like a projective algebraic variety $X$ ...
1
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0answers
113 views

integral hard Lefschetz

I am looking for examples $(X,\eta)$ where the integral hard Lefschetz is an isomorphism: $X/k$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over an algebraic closure of a finite field and $\eta ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

An affine singular surface

Let $n$ be a positive integer and let $A$ be the subring of ${\mathbb C}[x,y]$ generated by $x,xy,...,xy^n$. Let $S=Spec(A)$. This is an affine surface, which is clearly singular if $n\neq 1$. Is ...
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2answers
137 views

Examples for curve not 1-connected but $h^0(C, O_C)=1$

Suppose $X$ is a surface, are there examples for curves on X which not 1-connected, but $h^0(C,O_C)=1$? (Here a curve is an effective divisor, not necessarily reduced or irreducible) (1-connectedness ...
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1answer
210 views

Non-cohomological proof that a noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if its reduction $X_{red}$ is affine

Can we prove that a noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if its reduction $X_{red}$ is affine without using cohomology? Remark Here is a similar question.
21
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6answers
1k views

Down-to-earth expositions of Hodge theory

What are nice expositions of Hodge theory not using advanced language of algebraic geometry or category theory? Of course, since I haven't found a (for me) readable introduction, I don't know what I ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Computing the minimal free resolution of a coherent sheaf on projective space

Most books on commutative algebra explain Grobner bases in the non graded case and minimal free resolutions in the local case. I like projective geometry and want to compute the minimal free ...
7
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0answers
158 views

Solving $P=AB,Q=BA$, in the unknowns $A,B$

Let $p\geq q$ $P\in M_p(\mathbb{C}),Q\in M_q(\mathbb{C})$. We seek $A\in M_{p,q},B\in M_{q,p}$ s.t. $P=AB,Q=BA$. The NS conditions for the existence of $(A,B)$ are given in On the matrices AB and BA. ...
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0answers
50 views

Homomorphisms between groups of Hermitian type and Hodge type and orthogonality

By a group of Hermitian type I mean a real group $H$ with a maximal compact subgroup $K$ such that $H/K$ is Hermitan Symmetric domain. A real group $W$ is called of Hodge type if the associatd ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...
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2answers
206 views

Etale covers of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus at least two. Let $Y\to X$ be a finite etale morphism with $Y$ connected.Then $Y$ is a smooth projective connected curve. Is $Y$ hyperelliptic? More ...
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2answers
1k views

Is every Noetherian Commutative Ring a quotient of a Noetherian Domain?

This was an interesting question posed to me by a friend who is very interested in commutative algebra. It also has some nice geometric motivation. The question is in two parts. The first, as stated ...
5
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0answers
122 views

Are there perverse sheaves on abelian varieties with small Euler characteristic?

Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety of dimension $g$. Let $K$ be an irreducible perverse sheaf on $A$. We know that $\chi(A,K)\geq 0$. (Corollary 1.4 of Franecki and Kapranov.) How small can ...
12
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0answers
277 views

Is it possible to prove Mordell's conjecture geometrically?

Let $X/k$ be a smooth curve of genus $g>1$ over a number field $k$. By the Faltings theorem (nee Mordell's conjecture), the set of $k$ - rational points $X(k)$ is finite. Due to the Mordell-Weil ...
17
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4answers
1k views

Quillen's motivation of higher algebraic K-theory

Almost the same question was already asked on MO Motivation for algebraic K-theory? However, to my taste, the answers there consider the subject from a more modern point of view. When I open a book ...
1
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1answer
134 views

A family of examples of (Brody) hyperbolic surfaces

Let $P(x)$ and $Q(x)$ be two general polynomial of the same degree $d$ (d can be arbitrary large). Consider the surface $S : z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in the projective space $\mathbb{P}^3$. I want to prove ...
3
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0answers
88 views

Exact sequence of the fundamental group of the general fiber

Let $f\colon X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of complex algebraic varieties. Let $y\in Y$ be a general point, then we have a sequence of homomorphisms of fundamental groups induced by the inclusion of ...
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1answer
156 views

Kernel of a 3-isogeny between two elliptic curves

Suppose $E_1$ and $E_2$ are two elliptic curves defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ and there exists a 3-isogeny $\varphi$: $E_1 \longrightarrow E_2$. If $E_1$ has no $\mathbb{Q}$-rational point of order 3, ...
3
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1answer
199 views

What is the relation between KC and height of rational number?

Roughly speaking,Kolmogorov Complexity of a bits string or a description is the minimal length of programs outputing a bits string,and height of rational number is logarithm of the largest numerator ...
0
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2answers
164 views

Rank vanishing in tensor categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a cocomplete $\mathbb{Q}$-linear symmetric monoidal category (if convenient, assume that it is locally finitely presentable and/or abelian). Recall that the rank (or dimension) of ...
3
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1answer
194 views

Why should noncommutative CYs be dgas?

For a (commutative) CY manifold of dimension $n$, Serre duality implies that there are ifunctorial isomorphisms $$\operatorname{Hom}_{D^b(X)}(E,F)\cong\operatorname{Hom}_{D^b(X)}(F,E[n])^*$$ in the ...
4
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0answers
244 views

The logarithm over $\mathbb F_1$

In 'Cyclotomy and analytic geometry over F1', Manin proposes a version of the notion of `analytic function' over the 'field with one element $\mathbb F_1$'. Question 1: can somebody explain or give ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Singularities of a Schubert variety in an affine flag variety

The Iwahori orbits in the affine flag variety of an adjoint group $G$ are numbered by the extended affine Weyl group $W_e=W\ltimes X$ (where $X$ is the coweight lattice, and $W$ is the finite Weyl ...
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0answers
45 views

Is the singularity of a secant variety in codimension 2 Kleinian?

Let $X\subset{\mathbb P}^d$ be a rational normal curve, $d\gg0$. Then the $k$-th secant variety $Sec^k(X)$ is smooth away from $Sec^{k-1}(X)$, and I wonder what is the singularity of $Sec^k(X)$ at a ...
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0answers
79 views

Relation between dimension of Proj(S) and dimension of S

Let $S$ be Noetherian standard ${\mathbb{N}}^r$ graded ring where $S_{\underline{0}}$ is an Aritinian local ring. $$Proj(S)=\lbrace{P\in Spec S | S_{++}\not\subseteq P, P\hspace{0.1cm} ...
3
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0answers
317 views

A quotient stack question

Let $X$ be a proper Deligne-Mumford stack, whose normalization, $X'$, is a global quotient stack (that is, a stack of the form [W/GL_n],where W is an algebraic space) with a projective scheme as a ...
3
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3answers
458 views

Non existence of cyclic infinite linear algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group defined over some algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ and also over some subfield $k\subset \mathbb{K}$. There is thus a natural group structure on the set of ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Belyi's theorem for surfaces. Does exist another generalization?

Is there a generalization of Belyi's theorem in dimension $2$ (or higher) other than this by Gabino Gonzalez Diez? I haven't found no other references on the argument. Thanks in advance
2
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0answers
356 views

The link between the subfactors and the motives as enriched Galois theories?

On 29th March 2007, at the "École normale supérieure" of Paris, the mathematician Vaughan Jones, gave a conference (in French) entitled "Les sous-facteurs : une théorie de Galois enrichie" (see here), ...
2
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1answer
141 views

Recognizing a Mukai flop

Let us first review the usual construction of a Mukai flop. Suppose $M$ is a smooth $2m$-dimensional projective variety over $\mathbb C$ containing a closed $m$-dimensional subvariety $W$, and suppose ...
6
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1answer
214 views

Is $G_{\operatorname{red}}$ normal in $G$?

Let $G$ be an affine group scheme of finite type over a field $k$. It is well known that the associated reduced subscheme $G_{\operatorname{red}}$ of $G$ is a subgroup if $k$ is perfect. So let us ...
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2answers
186 views

multi-tangent space for algebraic curves

For a general plane curve of degree $\ge 4$, the number of bitangent lines is known. Also, I found that the number of tritangent planes have been worked out for some space curves given by intersection ...
1
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1answer
115 views

constructible set and fibre product

Let $P$ be certain property. Let $S \subset \mathbb{C}^n\times \mathbb{C}^m$ be a set of closed points such that for any point in $S$, it satisfies the property $P$. I know for any $x \in ...
4
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2answers
349 views

Riemann-Roch without denominators?

The Riemann-Roch Theorem, the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch Theorem , the Grothendieck-Hirzebruch-Riemann-Roch Theorem , all of them are well explained at Wikipedia .I would like to understand the meaning ...
8
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0answers
116 views

Hodge Decompositions and Gamma Factors of Hasse--Weil L-Functions

Let $X$ be a projective variety over a number field $K$. If $\mathfrak{p}\unlhd\mathcal{O}_K$ is a prime ideal we can regard the Euler factor of its $m$th Hasse-Weil $L$-Function at $\mathfrak{p}$ as ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Point-Hyperplane incidence in finite projective spaces

Let $P$ be a finite projective space of order $q$ and dimension $d$. I am interested in finding the least $k$ such that for any set $S$ of $k$ points of $P$, and for any set $S'$ of $k$ hyperplanes of ...
3
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0answers
105 views

Is there any advantage to knowing that Gauss-Manin is Hermitian flat?

Let $S$ be a complex manifold and let $p : E \to S$ be a holomorphic vector bundle. Is there any advantage to knowing that $E$ carries a flat Hermitian metric $h$, ie a smooth Hermitian metric with ...