Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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61 views

### on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$
Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...

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**1**answer

75 views

### Vector bundle on ruled surface $X\times \mathbb{P}^{1}$

let $E$ be a vector bundle of rank $r$ on $X\times \mathbb{P}^{1}$ where $X$ is a smooth projective curve. Assume now that $E|_{F_{p}} \cong \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^{1}}^{r}$ for any p-fiber where $p: ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Some questions about ruled surfaces defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

definitions:
A non-singular complex projective surface $S$ is a ruled surface if it is birationally equivalent to $C\times_{\text{Spec} \mathbb C}\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb C}$ where $C$ is a non-singular ...

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73 views

### Sufficient conditions to get complete intersection curves

Let $H_1,H_2\cdots,H_{d-1}$ be hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{P}^d$, if the intersection $B:=H_1\cap H_2\cap \cdots \cap H_{d-1}$ is $1$-dimensional then it is called a complete intersection curve.
What ...

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**1**answer

192 views

### Line on a hyper surface

Assume $X$ is a hyper surface in $\mathbb{P}^n$, can one always find a closed immersion $i:\mathbb{P}^1 \rightarrow X$?

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**1**answer

166 views

### Number of minimal models of a surface

I would like to know if the following statement is true or false:
Given a non-singular complex projective surface $S$, it has at most a countable number of minimal models (up to isomorphism).
...

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**1**answer

225 views

### When is the Hodge diamond concentrated in $H^{n,n}$'s?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex algebraic variety. The Hodge decomposition tells us that $H^n(X, \mathbf C) = \oplus H^{p,q}$.
Here is my question:
For what kind of $X$ is $H^{2n}(X) = ...

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**2**answers

128 views

### Decompose a big divisor as nef big divisor and effective divisor

Let $W_n$ be a set of a log pair having the following property:
For any $(X, D) \in W_n$
(1)$X$ has dimensional $n$ with tirvial canonical divisor (i.e.$K_X = 0$). Moreover, $X$ is a ...

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215 views

### When the contraction is a morphism defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

Suppose that $S$ is a complex projective surface defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, namely there exists a surface $S_{\overline{\mathbb Q}}$ over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ such that:
...

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151 views

### About $\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C$ contained in a surface

Suppose that $X$ is a non-singular projective surface over $\mathbb {\overline Q}$ ( $X$ is a $\mathbb {\overline Q}$-scheme...) and suppose that there is an embedding:
$$j:\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb ...

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141 views

### Lower semicontinuity of naive fiber size

I would like to present the following result in my algebraic geometry class, but it is seeming much harder than I would expect. Since my class is working with closed points over an algebraically ...

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95 views

### Do all full exceptional sequences of a triangulated category have the same length?

Let $\mathcal{D}$ be a $k$-linear triangulated category and $\langle E_n,E_{n-1},\ldots, E_0\rangle$ be a sequence of objects of $\mathcal{D}$. We call $\langle E_n,E_{n-1},\ldots, E_0\rangle$ an ...

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**1**answer

250 views

### Is there a Gröbner basis analogue that exists for vector spaces?

Suppose I have a coordinate system $t_1,\ldots t_N$ with a lexicographical ordering. Let LT denote choosing the lowest term of a polynomial with respect to this ordering. e.g. LT$(t_1 + t_2)=t_2$.
...

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84 views

### Reciprocity laws in different dimensions

Let $M/L/Qp$ be a finite galois abelian extension of local fields and define
$\mathcal{M}=M\{\{T\}\}=\{\sum_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}a_iT^i:a_i\in M,\min_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}, v(a_i)>−\infty , \lim_{i\to ...

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58 views

### Relation between 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional reciprocity maps

Let $M/L/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be a finite galois abelian extension of local fields and define
$\mathcal{M}=M\{\{T\}\}=\{\sum_{i\in \mathcal{Z}}a_iT^i : a_i\in M, \min_{i\in \mathcal{Z}} v(a_i)>-\infty, ...

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93 views

### On the cohomology ring of the Hilbert scheme of points on k3 or abelian surfaces

There are many results on the cohomology of the Hilbert scheme of points of a surface.
Gottsche calcaluted the Betti numbers and Nakajima got the generators of the cohomology. Also
there are results ...

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**1**answer

149 views

### Improving Newton's Inequalities using the Taylor Theorem

Newton's inequalities say that if $f(x) = \sum \binom{n}{k} a_k x^k$ is a polynomial with all real roots then $ a_k^2 > a_{k-1}a_{k+1}$.
The proof this result uses that if $f(x)$ has all real ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### Minimal model of a non-singular complex projective surface defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

Suppose that $S$ is a non-singular complex projective surface that is defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, namely $S\cong\text{Proj}\frac{\mathbb C[T_1,T_2,\ldots,T_n]}{(f_1,\ldots,f_n)}$ where $f_i$ ...

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615 views

### Soft question: beginners reference to moduli spaces

What is a geometrically intuitive yet reasonably general first introduction to the theory of Moduli spaces?
(Possibly introducing stacks also)?
I'm looking for something which really gets the pictures ...

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**1**answer

204 views

### Does every hypersurface in the projective plane contain a projective line?

Consider $P^{2}(\mathbb{C})$, the space of all lines through the origin in $\mathbb{C}^{3}$ (or $\mathbb{R}^3$ if that works better). Let $X\subset P^{2}(\mathbb{C})$ be a (nonempty) hypersurface ...

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487 views

### An Intriguing Tapestry: Number triangles, polytopes, Grassmannians, and scattering amplitudes

$$Prelude \;\;on \;\;Two\;\; Threads$$
Last month the workshop New Geometric Structures in Scatering Amplitudes was hosted by CMI with the following partial overview:
Recently, remarkable ...

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**1**answer

79 views

### simplex in hyperbolic space and quadrics in projective space

I am trying to understand Goncharov's paper "Volumes of hyperbolic manifolds and mixed Tate motives", http://www.ams.org/journals/jams/1999-12-02/S0894-0347-99-00293-3/S0894-0347-99-00293-3.pdf
In ...

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174 views

### How tight is the Weil bound for this exponential sum?

Let $f$ be a nonconstant polynomial of degree $d$. Let $\psi$ be a character of the additive group of $\mathbb F_p$. By Weil, we have:
$$ \left| \sum_{x\in \mathbb F_p} \psi ( f(x)) \right| \leq ...

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82 views

### What can one say about zero-cycle groups for products of Chow motives

What can one say about the Chow group of zero-cycles (up to rational equivalence) for a product of smooth projective varieties and Chow motives (so, I am interested in the kernel $Chow_0(P)\otimes ...

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74 views

### G-equivariant coherent sheaves on Bott-Samelson Resolutions

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $B$ be a Borel subgroup. $G/B$ is the corresponding flag variety.
Let $w$ be an element of the Weyl group $W$ with a reduced expression
$w = s_1 \cdots s_n$. Let $X_w$ be ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### Intermediate Jacobians of intersections of two quadrics

Let
$$X: \quad Q_1(x)=Q_2(x) = 0 \quad \subset \mathbb{P}^{2n+1},$$
be a smooth complete intersection of two quadrics of odd dimension over a field $k$, not of characteristic $2$. Let $J(X)$ denote ...

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52 views

### Toroidal embeddings over a DVR

I'm starting to study toroidal embeddings over a Discrete Valuation Ring $R$.
In particular i refer to Mumford's section in the book "Toroidal embeddings I".
Let $I=(\pi)$ be the maximal ideal, ...

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**1**answer

93 views

### Zariski closure of the boundary of a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$

Let $\eta$ be a closed convex subset of ${\mathbb R}^n$ of convex dimension $n$ (not necessarily compact) with nonempty boundary $\partial \eta$. Then $\eta$ is an $n$-dimensional topological ...

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**1**answer

138 views

### How to understand a rooting of a dessin d'enfant?

As I understand it, rooted maps on surfaces were first introduced in enumerative combinatorics because they are easier to count than unrooted maps, which can have non-trivial symmetries. A map is a ...

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104 views

### Thickness of the category of perfect complexes with finite length homology

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian local ring and let $D(R)$ be the derived category of $R$-modules. Recall that a chain complex $C_\bullet$ of modules over $R$ is called perfect if it is isomorphic ...

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72 views

### How can information about morphisms between modular curves be read from the morphism of their corresponding stacks?

$\newcommand{\yY}{\mathcal{Y}}$
$\newcommand{\PSL}{\text{PSL}}$
$\newcommand{\SL}{\text{SL}}$
$\newcommand{\ZZ}{\mathbb{Z}}$
$\newcommand{\CC}{\mathbb{C}}$
$\newcommand{\mM}{\mathcal{M}}$
Let $Y(1)$ ...

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107 views

### Is the cokernel of a map of sheaves a seperated presheaf?

The cokernel of a map of sheaves is not necessarily a sheaf until you sheafify. In every example I have seen of the cokernel failing to be a sheaf it is the glueability axiom that fails while the ...

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**1**answer

131 views

### On the generating series of degree $d>1$ Gromov-Witten invariants of the local $\mathbb P^1$

Let $N$ be the total space of the vector bundle $\mathscr O_{\mathbb P^1}(-1)\oplus \mathscr O_{\mathbb P^1}(-1)$ over $\mathbb P^1$, and let $C_0\subset N$ be the zero section. Then $N$ is a ...

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75 views

### Comparing two definitions of determinant of coherent sheaves [migrated]

Let $f:X \to S$ be a smooth, projective morphism of $k$-schemes for some field $k$. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $X$ flat over $S$. We know (by Proposition $2.1.10$ of Huybrechts-Lehn, ...

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**1**answer

243 views

### Can we normalize a complex analytic space in a covering of an open subset?

Let $X$ be a normal connected complex analytic space, $x\in X$ a point, $f$ a nonzero holomorphic function vanishing at $x$. Denote by $U\subseteq X$ the locus where $f$ is nonzero. Suppose that ...

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55 views

### Uniform bounds of number of integral points on affine varieties

In Duke-Rudnick-Sarnak 93, Density of integer points on affine homogeneous varieties, one of the consequences is the following,
Consider the variety $V_{n,k} = \{A \in Mat_n(\mathbb{Z}): det(A) = ...

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**1**answer

120 views

### Flatness of Normaliztion of regular schemes

I have a followup to the followig question: Flatness of normalization
Suppose that $X$ is a regular scheme (of finite type over a $\mathbb{C}$ if one wants) and $X'$ is the normalization of $X$ in a ...

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294 views

### smooth connected affine scheme over Z has good reduction almost everywhere

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a polynomial. Assume that the variety cut out by $f$ is smooth and connected (so irreducible) over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$. Where can I find a ...

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**1**answer

98 views

### Rational mapping related to cubic surfaces

A theorem in Manin's book on cubic forms leads to the conclusion that the least degree of a rational mapping from $\mathbb{P}^2$ to general cubic surfaces(e.g. Picard rank=1) over $\mathbb{Q}$ is 6.
...

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128 views

### Which “concrete” morphisms of varieties and motives induce bijections of their lower Chow groups?

This question is a continuation of Varieties with Chow groups supported in positive codimension: examples and properties?
What examples are known of morphisms of varieties and Chow motives (say, over ...

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141 views

### Surjectivity of the algebraic K-functor

Let $R \to S$ be a surjective morphism of commutative rings. For a fixed integer $q$, is there any known condition under which the resulting morphism of the K-groups, $K_q(R) \to K_q(S)$ is ...

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**1**answer

207 views

### Analogy between connections and $\ell$-adic sheaves: what happens with the residue?

There are many analogies between $\ell$-adic sheaves on varieties over finite fields and vector bundles with connections on varieties over fields of characteristic zero. I would like to know what is ...

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70 views

### Vanishing of the module of differentials of a extension of perfect fields

Let $L|F$ be a extension of perfect fields of characteristic $p$, $\phi_F:F \to F_{\phi}$, $\phi_L:L \to L_{\phi}$ the Frobenius isomorphisms ($F_{\phi}=F$ but considered as $F$-algebra via $\phi_F$). ...

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138 views

### Existence of a rational function on a nonsingular curve with a simple zero at P and order 0 at Q [migrated]

Let $X$ be a nonsingular curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ (by curve over $k$, I mean an integral separated scheme of finite type over $k$ which has dimension 1). Let $P$ and $Q$ be ...

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**1**answer

121 views

### Modular polynomials for elliptic curves point counting

The Schoof-Elkies-Atkin (SEA) algorithm (for counting points on elliptic curves over a finite field) performs computations over polynomials modulo some modular polynomials. Originally the "classical" ...

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**1**answer

191 views

### Connected components of the complement of a degree-d affine hypersurface

Let $n$ and $d$ be positive integers, and $f\in\mathbb{R}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be a polynomial of degree $d$. Let's consider the zero-set $M = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^n: f(x) = 0\}$ of $f$.
Can we estimate ...

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**1**answer

468 views

### Why is the inverse of a bijective rational map rational?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a bijective rational map of an open dense subset $X$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$ onto an open dense subset $Y$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$. How to prove that the inverse map ...

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118 views

### Varieties with Chow groups supported in positive codimension: examples and properties?

In their 1983 paper "Remarks on correspondences and algebraic cycles" Bloch and Srinivas proved several interesting properties of smooth proper varieties (over universal domains) whose Chow groups of ...

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93 views

### G-invariant vector bundle over schemes?

Take X to be a scheme over a (say algebraic closed) field k and G a group scheme act on X. I want to get more convenient knowledge about G-invariant vector bundles over X.
I'm inspired by this ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### $n$ columns of a specific “infinite” Vandermonde matrix always linearly independent? [closed]

Consider the "infinite" Vandermonde matrix
$$
V (x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n) =
\begin{pmatrix}
1 & x_1 & x_1^2 & \cdots & x_1^{n-1} & x_1^n & x_1^{n+1} & \cdots \\
...