# Tagged Questions

**6**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Applications of alterations

In 1995, de Jong proved the existence of regular alterations in arbitrary characteristic. I would like to have a little survey of important applications of this theorem, e.g. things you could do if ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Nori fundamental group and etale fundamental group in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over an algebraically closed field of char $p > 0$. Suppose that $\pi_{1}^{et}(X) = \{1\}$. Can Nori fundamental group scheme of $X$ be non-trivial?

**10**

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**0**answers

341 views

### Katz--Mazur for abelian varieties

Over $\mathbb Z$, there is a smooth DM stack $A_g$ classifying abelian varieties.
Over $\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]$, there is finite etale cover $A_g(N)_{\mathbb Z[\frac 1N]}\to A_g\otimes\mathbb Z[\frac ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Do varieties with ample canonical bundle have finite automorphism group in small characteristic?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth projective variety over a field $k$, with ample canonical bundle. If $\operatorname{char}(k)=0$ or $\operatorname{char}(k)>\dim(X)$ and $X$ lifts to $W_2(k)$ (thanks ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

309 views

### Why was it so difficult to define the relative de Rham-Witt complex?

In Illusie's original article, the de Rham-Witt complex is defined for a smooth scheme over a perfect characteristic $p$ base $S$, without reference to $S$. Some 25 years later, Langer and Zink ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies (in char p>0)

I have a couple of questions regarding the descent theory of line bundles on abelian varieties under isogenies in positive characteristic.
Let $X$ be an abelian variety and $L\in Pic(X)$ a line ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

394 views

### Status of the Euler characteristic in characteristic p

In the introduction to the Asterisque 82-83 volume on `Caractérisque d'Euler-Poincaré, Verdier writes:
Enfin signalons que la situation en caractéristique positive est loin
d'être aussi ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Gauss mapping in finite characteristic

Suppose that $X\subset\mathbb P^n$ is a $d$-dimentional smooth projective variety (not a linear subspace) over an algebraically closed field. If $\gamma\colon X\to\mathrm{Gr}(d,\mathbb P^n)$ is Gauss ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Quotient of a reductive group by a non-smooth subgroup

This is a continuation of my question Quotient of a reductive group by a non-smooth central finite subgroup.
Let $G$ be a smooth, connected, reductive $k$-group over a field $k$ of characteristic ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

307 views

### Decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties in positive characteristic

In characteristic zero we have the following decomposition theorem for polarized abelian varieties: it gives an isomorphism between a PPAV and a product of PPAV's of lower dimension and is valid (as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Lifting vector fields to its resolution in char $p$

In this paper 4.7, the authors showed that on a normal variety $X$, if there is a tangent vector field on its smooth locus, then it can be lifted as a logarithmic tangent vector field on a log ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Intuitive pictures in characteristic p

This is a tough one, but does anyone know of any images that recall characteristic p geometry (over algebraically closed fields) in some sense? It is not enough if it is some picture that can be also ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Foliation over characteristic positive

Ekedahl wrote about foliation in characteristic positive, over the field $/frac{Z}{pZ}$ as a subsheaft of the tangent sheaft, that is closed over involution and $p$-power, My question is if there ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

148 views

### “Higher” Tangent spaces in char-p geometry - definition?

Hi, everyone!
I have some construction that requires exact definition.
I considered polynomial homomorphisms from $\Bbbk$ to $U_n(\Bbbk)$ (unitriangular matrices), where $char \Bbbk = p>0$ (more ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

518 views

### Frobenius splitting of Fano varieties

Dear MO,
Question 1. Do you know of an example of a Fano variety which is not Frobenius split?
Background
(1) A variety $X$ in characteristic $p$ is called Frobenius split if there is a "$p$-th ...

**9**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Characteristic zero and characteristic $p$ in algebraic geometry

Are there non-trivial (i.e. excluding concepts that can be defined only for $p>0$) statements in algebraic geometry that hold for all fields of characteristic $p$ for all prime $p$ but are known ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Unicritical rational functions on curves in characteristic $p$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic $p$, and let $X_{/k}$ be a smooth projective connected curve. Let $x_0$ be a point of $X(k)$.
How precisely can one describe ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

228 views

### deRham cohomoloy of CM liftings of Jacobians

Let $k$ be field of characteristic $p>0$ and $W=W(k)$ the ring of Witt vectors of $k$. We call a smooth curve over $k$, ordinary, when the Jacobian of $J(X)$ of $X$ is an ordinary abelian variety. ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

736 views

### What are supersingular varieties?

For varieties over a field of characteristic $p$, I saw people talking about supersingular varieties.
I wanted to ask "why are supersingular varieties interesting". However, as I don't want to ask an ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

394 views

### Explicit description of O^{cris}_n in Fontaine/Messing

Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p$, $W(k)$ the Witt ring and $K$ its quotient field. In their article "$p$-adic periods and $p$-adic etale cohomology" Fontaine and Messing give in II.1.4 ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

449 views

### Is there a really big ring of differential operators in characteristic p?

$k$ is a field of characteristic $p$.
$k[t]$ has canonical first-order differential operator $\partial$
As an endomorphism of $k[t]$, $\partial^p=0$.
First way to fix it:
Use the divided power ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

465 views

### Deformation space of non-ordinary abelian varieties

It is a well known result of Serre and Tate that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, then the deformation space $\mathcal{M}$ of $A$ to an abelian ...

**9**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Proofs in the same vein as Ax-Grothendieck

I would like to see other examples of (ideas of) proofs and results in the same vein as the proof of the Ax-Grothendieck theorem. To explain what I mean by "in the same vein", I will quote from the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

267 views

### Do there exist weak Lefschetz-type statements that were proved for varieties over complex numbers, but were not proved in finite characteristic?

As far as I understood the situation (reading section 3.5B of Lazarsfeld's "Positivity in algebraic geometry" and also some of the references), some of weak Lefschetz-type statements known rely on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

635 views

### Minimal Model Program for surfaces over algebraically closed fields of characteristic p

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$.
I have been trying to find out unsuccessfully if there is a mmp for algebraic surfaces over $k$. I know minimal surfaces are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Invertible Hasse-Witt for non-ordinary curves

Assume that $S$ is a smooth curve of over a field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ and $f\colon X\to S$ is a relative curve over $S$ (i.e., the fibers are curves). It is well-known that when all the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

624 views

### Finite connected groups over a perfect field of characteristic p

In 14.4 of "Introduction to Affine Group Schemes" it is proved (!) that if $A$ represents a finite connected group scheme over a perfect field $k$ of characteristic $p$ then $A$ has the form $k[X_{1}, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Chevalley's Theorem on Constructible Sets

I'm having a hard time understanding the theorem in the title, more specifically the proof of the related fact that the image of a dominant morphism contains a dense open set of it's closure. (My ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

507 views

### Top chern class in positive characteristic

Given a nonsingular, projective variety $X$ of dimension $n$ over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Over $k=\mathbb{C}$, the top chern class $c_n(T_X)$ of the tangent sheaf is the Euler ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Inequalities between numerical invariants of nonsingular projective Varieties in positive Characteristic

It is well-known that Miyaoka and Yau-type inequalities do not hold in positive characteristic. In "a note on Bogomolov-Gieseker’s inequality in positive characteristic", however, we can ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

347 views

### CM liftings of abelian varieties and liftings of Frobenius

It is well-known that if $A$ is an ordinary abelian variety over a finite perfect field $ k$ of characteristic $ p>0$ and $ W=W(k)$ is the ring of Witt vectors over $ k$, then the canonical ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Zariski closures of one parameter additive maps in positive characteristic

Suppose we are in characteristic $p$, and that the field, $K$, that we are working over is imperfect. We have a map $\Theta: K \to K^{\delta}$ where each coordinate function $\Theta_i$ is an additive ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Log resolutions on surfaces and 3-folds in characteristic p

If $X$ is a normal projective variety and $D$ a divisor in it, we say that $\pi\colon (\widetilde X,\widetilde D)\rightarrow (X,D)$ is a log resolution if $\widetilde X$ is a resolution of $X$, the ...

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votes

**0**answers

453 views

### Resolution of singularities in positive characteristic

I am currently trying to make some small parts of the minimal model program work for some very explicit varities in positive characteristic. I have such a variety $X_1$ and I know that there is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Isomorphism between pull-backs of an F-crystal by different liftings of Frobenius

This might be a naive question. But since I haven't seen this in any reference, I'll try to ask it here. Let $T$ be a smooth scheme over the algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

405 views

### Del pezzo surfaces in positive characteristic

For me a Del Pezzo surface $X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ is an algebraic surface where the anticanonical bundle $\omega^{-1}_X$ or $-K_X$ is ample. (I prefer the second ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

797 views

### When does the relative differential $df=0$ imply that $f$ comes from the base?

Let $A \to B$ be a map of commutative rings, and $d : B \to I/I^2$ be
defined by $df = f\otimes 1 - 1\otimes f$, where $I$ is the kernel of
$B \otimes_A B \to B$, as in [Hartshorne II.8].
If ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### Do Richardson varieties have rational singularities in arbitrary characteristic?

The title basically asks the question. I'll review the relevant terminology and explain what I have and haven't found in the literature.
Let $G$ be a reductive group. Let $v \leq w$ be elements of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### What would be a characteristic-$p$ analogue for $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundles?

I'd like to know a notion for a morphism between algebraic varieties in characteristic $p$ that plays the role of a $C^{\infty}$-fiber bundle. It should be, in particular, flat. I'm not assuming the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### Obstructions to formally integrating vector fields in characteristic p?

Let $M$ be a smooth scheme over some field $k$ of characteristic $p$, and $\vec X$ a vector field on it. Equivalently, $\vec X$ gives a map $Spec\ k[\epsilon]/\langle \epsilon^2 \rangle \times M \to ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

708 views

### Replacement for derivations in characteristic p?

Let $k$ be a field.
If $f \in k[x]$ is a polynomial, and $d/dx\ f = 0$, then either
$f$ is constant, or
$char\ k = p$ and $f \in k[x^p]$.
So "annihilated by all derivations" is perhaps not the ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Simplest example of jumping of cohomology of structure sheaf in smooth families?

Using Hodge theory (and the ill-defined Lefschetz principle), one can show that in characteristic 0, given a proper smooth family $X \rightarrow B$, the cohomology groups of the structure sheaf of the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

446 views

### Ample vector bundles, $H^1=0$ and global generation in characteristic $p$

This is a follow up from this question, in characteristic $p>0$. First, some background. It is known that in characteristic $0$, a vector bundle $E$ on say a projective curve $X$ is ample if and ...

**29**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$.
Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

498 views

### Existence of certain identities involving characteristic 2 “thetas”

Let l=2m+1 be prime. In my previous MO question, "What are the polynomial relations between these characteristic 2 thetas?", I defined a subring of Z/2[[x]] as follows:
The subring, S, is generated ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

665 views

### Can proper-smooth base change be used to show that varieties cannot be lifted to characteristic zero?

Recall the following corollary to the proper and smooth base change theorems:
Let $\pi: X \to S$ be a proper, smooth morphism. Then the direct images $R^i \pi_* \mathcal{F}$ are locally constant ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

941 views

### Bertini theorems for base-point-free linear systems in positive characteristics

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth algebraic variety over an algebraically closed (uncountable if it helps) field of characteristic $p > 0$. Suppose that $L$ is a line bundle, probably ample or at least ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

415 views

### Lifting varieties from char. $p$ to char. 0 after alterations

The question is related to this MO question:
Lifting varieties to characteristic zero.
Let $X$ be a projective smooth variety over $k$ alg. closed field of char. $p.$ Does there always exist an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### Given a branched cover with branch cycle description $(g_1,…,g_r)$, does $g_i$ generate some decomposition group?

Classically:
Let $a_1,...,a_r$ be points in $\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{C}}$, and let $\alpha_1,...,\alpha_r$ be simple loops around the $a_i$, all counterclockwise, and none touching (so ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### State of resolution in positive characteristic?

Heisuke Hironaka's coming talk makes me wonder how the state of the work on that theme is. So far, I noticed (but didn't read) these programs: 1, 2. It would be great if someone who listenes ...