Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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4
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172 views

Maryam Mirzakhani's works

Maryam Mirzakhani has made several contributions to the theory of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces. Mirzakhani was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics ...
5
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0answers
67 views

Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$? If ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Converse to Weil Restriction of Scalars

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero (I'm only interested in number fields), and let $\mathbb{G}_{/k}$ be a linear algebraic group defined over $k$ which is almost $k$-simple (all normal ...
4
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0answers
83 views

Is the moduli space of curves arising from wild ramification smooth?

Fix a natural number $g$, a prime $p$, and a $p$-group $P$. Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ with a faithful action of $P$ and an isomorphism $C / P \cong \mathbb P^1$ such that $P$ ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Motivic integration in positive characteristic: how much is known?

It seems that in papers on motivic integration people usually assume the base field to have characteristic $0$ (and algebraically closed?). My question is: how much can one prove over a positive ...
2
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0answers
212 views

When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$. When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow ...
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0answers
102 views

Motivation of $a_p$ for non-CM elliptic curves [on hold]

For an elliptic curve $E$ without CM let $\overline{E}$ be the good reduction of $E$ modulo $p$ prime. The value $a_p = p+ 1 - \#\overline{E}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is referenced by DDT on p.19 and Ribet ...
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0answers
56 views

Reducedness of scheme theoretic fibers of toric morphisms

Let's consider $X=X(\Delta_X)$ and $Y=Y(\Delta_Y)$ two complete $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial toric varieties over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $f:X\to Y$ be a flat toric ...
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99 views

Fermat's Theorem on p = a^2 + b^2 [migrated]

I have read that Fermat predicted that for an odd prime $p$, $p = a^2 + b^2$ iff $p = 1$ mod 4. I heard that such a criterion could be possible for a given integer $n$ like $p = a^2 + n b^2$ ...
8
votes
1answer
222 views

A reference for $\mathbb{A}^1_R$ being a coarse moduli space of the stack of elliptic curves

Let $R$ be a ring and let $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ be the algebraic $R$-stack of elliptic curves (over $R$-schemes as bases). One knows that the coarse moduli space of $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ is supposed to ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Relation between intersection multiplicities

Consider $(f_1,\dots,f_n), (g_1,\dots,g_n)\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\dots,z_n]\ $ such that: i) $\{f_1=\dots=f_n=0\}= \{g_1=\dots=g_n=0\}=\{0\}\in \mathbb{C}^n\ $ and ii) $f_1g_1+\dots+f_ng_n\equiv0$. ...
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votes
2answers
210 views

Serre's Theorem for Coherent Sheaves

I recently heard a discussion about a certain of Serre which reconstructs the category of coherent sheaves of a variety $V$ as the category of modules over the homogeneous space of $V$ modulo modules ...
1
vote
4answers
225 views

Global section of very ample line bundles and its value on stalks

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $\mathcal{L}$ be a very ample line bundle on $X$ with respect to some projective embedding $X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ (for some $n$). Given any ...
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1answer
127 views

Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Etale local fibrations in the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Let $k$ be a field and $K_0(Var_k)$ the Grothendieck ring of varieties over $k$. This is the ring generated by isomorphism classes of varieties over $k$ with multiplication given by $$ [X \times_k Y] ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

degenerate points in the moduli space of flat principal $G$-bundle with respect to a linear representation on a complex

Let $(A^\bullet,\partial)$ be a complexe of $\mathbb{C}$-vector spaces. We suppose that this complex is of finite length, and all $A^\bullet$ are finite dimensional. Let $H^\bullet$ be the cohomology ...
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2answers
83 views

Ascending chain condition on radical ideals

There is a basic theorem in the geometry of schemes saying that the Spec of a Noetherian ring is a Noetherian topological space. It can be formulated as the ACC condition implies the ACCR condition ...
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2answers
142 views

Bertini theorem for big divisors and klt pairs

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and let $D$ be a big $\mathbb Q$-divisor on $X$. Assume that for $m$ large $|mD|$ has no fixed components. Is there a $\mathbb Q$-divisor $D'\equiv D$ so that ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Moving lemma for algebraic curves

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible projective curve contained in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $Y$ be another reduced but not necessarily irreducible curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Denote by $P$ the Hilbert polynomial of ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Blowing-up the Grassmannian at a point

Does anyone know what the blow-up of the Grassmannian at a point looks like? Consider $G=Gr(r,n)$ and $V\in G$. I want to understand more explicitly what $Bl_V(G)$ should mean. Of course for affine ...
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0answers
56 views

A combinatorial question on ranks

Denote $$\mathscr{C}[r]=\{Q\in\Bbb Z_{\geq 0,\leq 1}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rk}(Q)= r\}.$$ $$\mathscr{D}[A,t]=\{B\in\mathscr{C}[\mathsf{rk}(A)]:\mathsf{dim}(col(A)\cap col(B))\geq t\}.$$ Given ...
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vote
4answers
342 views

Tensor calculus on the frame bundle

Let $M$ be a manifold and let $g$ be a tensor on it, say for example a metric $g\in\Gamma(T^{\ast}M\otimes T^{\ast}M)$. I know how to perform any computation on $g$. For instance, taking its ...
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0answers
62 views

Minimum rank non-negative matrix summations

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}$ of rank $r$. What is minimum $k$ such that $$\mathscr{A}[b,k]=\{Q\in\Bbb R_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(Q)\leq k\}$$ contains $R,S$ ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

Is the ring of invariants Noetherian?

Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring whose residue field is perfect. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $R$ by ring automorphisms in such a way that the induced action on the residue field is ...
7
votes
0answers
226 views

Can an abelian variety/Q have no points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial? This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Reference for Arakelov's theorem: $K^2_f=0$ iff $f$ is locally trivial

Let $f:X\longrightarrow B$ be a family of curves, with $f$ relatively minimal, over a fixed curve $B$ ($B$ is projective, irreducible and smooth). The fibration $f$ is said locally trivial if all ...
2
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0answers
193 views

When does a perverse sheaf occur in the decomposition theorem?

Suppose I am in the setting of the decomposition theorem, i.e., we have the decomposition of the direct image $f_*\mathbb Q_\ell$, where $f:X\to Y$ is proper. Then the direct image decomposes into a ...
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76 views

Regular embeddings of reductive groups

A regular embedding of a connected reductive linear algebraic group $G$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a morphism $\varphi : G \rightarrow G'$ of algebraic groups which is a closed immersion where ...
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52 views

Calculate the intersection numbers by a plane section [closed]

This question is from the chapter A of Reid's note: Chapters on algebraic surfaces Let X = X$_d$ $\subset$ P$^3$ be a nonsingular surface of degree d and suppose that X has a plane section P ...
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114 views

Blowig-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...
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vote
1answer
106 views

Is there a formula for the intersection of projectivized lines inside a projectivized vector bundle?

Let $E\rightarrow D$ be a complex rank two vector bundle over a compact complex one dimensional manifold $D$. Let $L_1, L_2 \subset E$ be rank one subbundles of E (i.e. line bundles). Let $$ n_1:= ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

How does one compute the first Chern class of a Line bundle defined as the Kernel of a linear map?

Let $M$ and $N$ be compact complex manifolds of the same dimension ($m$) and $\mu: M \rightarrow N$ a holomorphic map. Let $D \subset M$ be the subset of points of $M$, where $d\mu|_p$ fails to be ...
0
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1answer
137 views

Function field of the Jacobian of genus 2 curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$

I have been trying to build the function field of the jacobian of a genus 2 smooth curve over a finite field, but I am having problems making it explicit, I need to work with another curve with points ...
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63 views

Pro-constructible subset of scheme intersects very dense subsets?

Let $X$ be a scheme, let $D$ be a very dense subset of $X$ and let $Y$ be a pro-constructible subset of $X$. Is it true that $Y \cap D \neq \emptyset$? If $Y$ is just constructible, this is true. ...
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158 views

Multiplication Map, Is it invariant?

Let $\pi:X\rightarrow Z$ a double cover of an elliptic curve with genus $g\geq 3$. Choose a general rank 2 and degree -1 vector bundle $F$ on $Z$, let $E=\pi^*F$ and fix $x\in X$. The involution $i$ ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Relation between intersection and product of ideals

Let $C$ be a smooth projective (irreducible) curve in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n$. Denote by $I_C$ the ideal of $C$. Let $g \in I_C\backslash I_{C}^2$, an irreducible element. Is it true that for any ...
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0answers
61 views

A simple question about a resolution of a conifers singularity

Let $X$ be a conifold defined by the equation $xy-zw=0$ in $\mathbb{C}^4$ and $\tilde{X}$ its crepant resolution, which is isomorphic to $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P^1}}(-1)^{\oplus 2}$. Then there is a ...
1
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1answer
29 views

About convex combinations of real-stable multivariable complex polynomials

Say $f: \mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is a real stable multivariable polynomial on the variables $(z,w_1,w_2,...,w_n)$. (a "real-stable" polynomial is one which has no zeroes in the open ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

What happens to the cohomology ring after a “flip-flop”?

I've been trying to understand what happens to the cohomology ring (say with coefficients in $\mathbb{R}$) of a smooth complex projective manifold after blowing up along a smooth complex submanifold. ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Higher genus Gromov-Witten potential

Is it known if the higher genus (gravitational) Gromov-Witten potential is split in a classical and quantum part like the genus 0 Gromov-Witten potential? If so, Could someone give a reference?
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2answers
247 views

Implicit Function Theorem on Singular Varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex reduced affine algebraic or analytic varieties, possibly singular. Take a regular proper function $$f\colon X \to Y $$ and assume that it is bijective at the level of ...
9
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2answers
365 views

Is there an analogue of the Tate (and Hodge) conjecture for varieties that are not proper smooth (i.e., the mixed case)?

Let $X/K$ be a variety (scheme of finite type, geometricaly integral) over a finitely generated field $K$. If it is smooth and proper, we can formulate the Tate conjecture, and if $\text{char}(K) = 0$ ...
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votes
1answer
225 views

A proper smooth surface is projective

My question is a reference request for the following fact: if $k$ is a field and $X$ a proper smooth surface over $k$, then $X \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}\, k$ is projective. Where is this well-known ...
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0answers
97 views

Intersections of the B-orbits and the orbits of some other Borel subgroups in the flag variety G/B

This is a follow-up of this previous question below: Intersections of $B$ and $B^-$ orbits in the flag variety $G/B$ Let $G = SL_n(\mathbb{C})$, $B$ be the standard Borel subgroup, and consider some ...
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145 views

Automorphisms of a quotient variety

Let $X$ be a variety, and $G\subset Aut(X)$ a subgroup of the automorphism group of $X$. Assume that the quotient $Y = X/G$ is a variety. Does there exist some simple relation between $Aut(X)$, $G$ ...
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65 views

Are all (graded) Artinian complete intersections like this?

I'm trying to prove some stuff (it's not important what) about (graded) Artinian complete intersections $R=\mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]/I$, where the $x_i$ have certain positive weights and where $I$ is ...
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67 views

“Exceptional components” of the exceptional divisor of a blow up

Assume we are blowing up an ideal $I$ on an affine variety $X$, let $E$ be the exceptional divisor, and $P$ be a (closed) point in $V$, the zero set of $I$. Is there any algorithm to check that $E$ ...
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66 views

Degree 2 curves on a degree d hypersurface in P^(2d+2)/3

One of the foundations of Gromov-Witten theory is the use (due to Kontsevich I think) of localization to calculate the number of degree $n$ curves on a general quintic 3-fold. When calculating the ...
6
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1answer
258 views

Find a polynomial not in any ideal generated by polynomials of total degree $o(n)$

Is there an explicit nontrivial (= not a constant) polynomial $p \in \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that, for any ideal $I \not= \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ generated by $f_1, f_2, \ldots, f_m$ ...
3
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1answer
118 views

reference for “curves over S are locally the base change of a curve over S' which is finite type over R”

So recently I heard someone claiming that if $X\rightarrow S$ is a smooth curve (not necessarily proper?) and $S$ is an arbitrary scheme over $\text{Spec }R$ (for $R$ sufficiently nice), then there is ...