Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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31 views

When is the intersection number well-defined?

According to 1.34 of Birational Geometry of Algebraic Varieties(J.Kollár, S.Mori), there are at least 4 ways(classical approach, cohomological approach, general intersection theory and topological ...
0
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0answers
52 views

Singular categories of quotient

Let $X$ be a variety, the singular category $D_{sg}^b(X)$ is obtained by taking the quotient of $D^b(X)$ by the category of perfect complexes. Suppose there is a group $G$ acting on $X$. Is there any ...
1
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0answers
96 views

What is the analogue of a Lefschetz Thimble for Morse-Bott critical components (sets of non-isolated critical points)?

Small pre-face: I did an applied math PhD in the UK, but the problem I ended up studying has important ramifications in pure math, specifically to do with the Gauss-Manin connection in the presence of ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

sanity check about a morphism from a stack to its coarse moduli space

Let $Y(3)$ be the fine moduli space (say, over $\mathbb{C}$) representing elliptic curves equipped with a full level 3 structure. Abstractly, there are 24 such structures for any elliptic curve, but ...
3
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0answers
71 views

Dimension of certain polynomial spaces

Let $(\omega_1, \eta_1) \dots (\omega_n, \eta_n)$ be $n$ pairs of complex numbers where $\omega_i \ne \omega_j$ for all $1 \leq i \ne j \leq n$. We define the following polynomial space $$ Z_n^d(\eta, ...
4
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0answers
70 views

$H^2(S, f_* \mathbb{G}_m)$ in the fppf versus etale topology for proper $f$

Let $f\colon X \rightarrow S$ be a proper morphism of schemes. Is the cohomology group $H^2(S, f_* \mathbb{G}_m)$ the same regardless of whether it is computed in the etale or the fppf topology? And ...
1
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0answers
54 views

wedge product deformation space Calabi-Yau fourfold

I know that the Lie bracket for $(1,1)$ vector field corresponds to the obstruction map in deformation theory. I was wondering if the wedge product of the deformation vector with itself has any ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Lifting one parameter subgroups of algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb C$ of characteristic zero and $U$ its unipotent radical, then $H:=G/U$ is a reductive group. Assume that I have a one ...
5
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1answer
239 views

homotopy fixed points and fixed points

Let $X$ a smooth projective scheme over a field $k$. And let $THH(X)$ denotes the topological Hochschild homology of $X$. Recall that the spectra $THH(X)$ admits an action of the of circle $S^{1}$. ...
5
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1answer
205 views

what is the intersection of all congruence subgroups of the profinite completion of SL(2,Z)?

Let $\widehat{SL(2,\mathbb{Z})}$ be the profinite completion of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$. Let $\Gamma(N)$ denote the typical principal congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ (ie, all matrices congruent ...
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79 views

Help with the proof of Max Noether's Residue Theorem [on hold]

I'm having problems understanding one part of the proof of the Residue Theorem, on chapter 8 of Fulton's book Algebraic Curves, page 98, section 8.1. ...
1
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1answer
149 views

Futaki invariant on $X=Bl_p(\mathbb CP^2)$ for different line bundles

Let $X$ be a projective variaty which blow up at a point $p$ , i.e, $X=Bl_p(\mathbb CP^2)$, then for the Line bundle $L=-K_X$, we have for Futaki invariant $Fut_L\neq 0$, I want to see, what about ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
1
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0answers
68 views

How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Connected curve

Assume we have a normal,connected quasi projective scheme $Y:=X\backslash D$ where $X$ is a quasi projective scheme over field $k$, not necessarily char zero and also $D$ is a simple divisor, not ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

Is there a Riemann existence theorem for orbifolds?

For smooth algebraic varieties $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$, the Riemann existence theorem establishes an equivalence of categories between the category of finite etale covers of $X$ and finite unramified ...
2
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2answers
209 views

Real algebraic solution

Suppose a system of polynomial equations with rational coefficients has a real solution. Does necessarily there exists a real solution with algebraic coordinates? What about the simplest case of one ...
3
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3answers
212 views

Injective map between two schemes

Assuem we have a finite surjective map between two irreducible, separated schemes, $f:X \rightarrow Y$, and for a dense open $U \subset Y$ and for any $y \in U$, $|X_y| =1$, then can we say $f$ is ...
4
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1answer
284 views

Results about moduli of surfaces

There are early successes of the moduli theory - the construction and compactification of the moduli spaces of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_g$ . I want to study about the moduli of algebraic ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Pathological behavior of Lie algebra under a map of abelian schemes

I am trying to understand Example 7.5/9 from the book "Neron models". There one has a discrete valuation ring $R'$ that is the localization of $\mathbb{Z}[\zeta_p]$ at $p$, so that the absolute ...
0
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1answer
118 views

On understanding Orlov's LG B model

I try to read Orlov's papers on Landau-Ginzburg model, but I am quite puzzled,there are several questions: 1 the method of truncation is used frequently,(that is: using a bounded above complex $Q$ ...
6
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1answer
244 views

abelian $\ell$-adic representations in $\widehat{SL(2,Z)}$

In Grothendieck's Esquisse he claims that the action of $$\text{Gal}(\mathbb Q)\to\text{Out}(\pi_1(M_{1,1})=\text{Out}(\widehat{SL(2,Z)})$$ obtained from the homotopy exact sequence of the étale ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Coherent cohomology of an abelian scheme and base change

Let $f\colon A \rightarrow S$ be an abelian scheme of dimension $d$. I would like a reference or an argument for the fact that $R^1f_* \mathcal{O}_A$ is locally free of dimension $d$ and that its ...
3
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1answer
189 views

cycle class as Chern class

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex variety and $Z \subset X$ a codimension $p$ closed algebraic subvariety. Then one can define the class of $Z$ in singular cohomology $[Z] \in H^{2p}(X, ...
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182 views

Is every projective space curve a set-theoretic intersection of two surfaces? What is known about this question?

I am sorry if this question has been already asked, couldn't find anything similar myself. I have recently recalled this long standing open problem of whether every curve in $\mathbb{P}^3(\mathbb{C})$ ...
1
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1answer
136 views

intuitive interpretation of analytic spread

I am studying analytic spreads from Bruns-Herzog's book. The definition is clear but calculation of the analytic spread of an ideal is hard for me in practice. I wonder if it is hard for you too. ...
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67 views

sufficient condition of complete intersection [closed]

According to Corollary 2.8 and the front part of Section 3 of this paper, if $X:= Q_1\bigcap Q_2\bigcap Q_3\subset \mathbb{P} _{\mathbb{C}}^{4}$ be a connected and purely $1$-dimensional intersection ...
4
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0answers
122 views

An extension of group schemes admitting Neron models

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring, $K$ its field of fractions, and $$ 0 \rightarrow G_K' \rightarrow G_K \rightarrow G_K'' \rightarrow 0$$ a short exact sequence of smooth $K$-group schemes of ...
2
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1answer
77 views

On transforming pair of bivariate polynomials to pair of univariate polynomials by applying polynomial map

We know that a polynomial map $f(x,y), g(x,y)$ is polynomial automorphism if there exists polynomials $p(x,y)$ and $q(x,y)$ such that $f(p,q)$=x and $g(p,q)=y$. Jacobian conjecture tries to ...
7
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1answer
197 views

p-adic Stein spaces

The higher cohomology of coherent sheaves vanish on Stein spaces (both complex and p-adic). In the case when the space ($X$) is a curve and we're working in the complex world, this shows that all ...
6
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1answer
179 views

Weil height of an Abelian Variety with everywhere (potentially) good reduction

Background: Suppose that $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with everywhere (potentially) good reduction. there are many ways to define the height of $E$, and I will be concerned with the ...
1
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1answer
160 views

Vector fields whose divergence are proper maps

Let $X$ be a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Does there exist a nonvanishing smooth function $g$ such that $Div(gX)$ is a proper map?Or at least the zero locus of ...
2
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0answers
103 views

Surjectivity of multiplication maps with respect to pullback

Given a morphism $f: Y \to X$ and a globally generated line bundle $\mathcal L$ on $X$ such that $H^0(X,\mathcal L) \otimes H^0(X,\mathcal L) \to H^0(X,\mathcal L \otimes \mathcal L)$ is surjective. ...
1
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0answers
100 views

Ext and cup products and subvarieties

I am trying to understand Remark 11.3 in Huybrechts's amazing book on derived categories (FM transforms in AG). He starts with smooth projective varieties $j\colon Y \subset X$ and aims to describe ...
1
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0answers
104 views

Criterion for normality of a schematic image

Consider a projective flat morphism $$ f\colon X\to Y $$ between normal varieties. Let's say over the complex numbers. The geometric fibers of $f$ are all irreducible. I would like a criterion to ...
5
votes
1answer
743 views

textbooks on modern algebraic geometry for 21st-century starters

As for learners in algebraic geometry in 21st century, is there a textbook, lecture note or anything like that to introduce algebraic geometry utilizing the language of derived categories and stacks? ...
6
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1answer
197 views

The cohomology of an $S_{3}$ cover of an elliptic curve ramified in one point

Let $E/\mathbb{C}$ be an elliptic curve. Let $C \to E$ be a Galois cover with group $G = S_{3}$ (symmetric group on $3$ elements), ramified in one point. (To clarify: there is a unique point in $E$ ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

A perfect domain that is not integrally closed?

Does there exist an integral domain $R$ of characteristic $p > 0$ that is perfect (i.e., $x \mapsto x^p$ is bijective on $R$) but not integrally closed in its field of fractions?
2
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0answers
58 views

Topological/numerical constraints for the existence of more than one pencil

A famous theorem of Castelnuovo and de Franchis tells us that for $S$ a smooth projective complex algebraic surface that for $b \geq 2$, pencils $f : S \to B$ of genus $b :=g(B)$ are in bijective ...
8
votes
2answers
262 views

Fano variety of lines on the Segre and the Grassmannian

Does every $\mathbb{P}^{19}\subset \mathbb{P}(\mathbb{C}^5\otimes\mathbb{C}^5)$ intersect the Segre variety of rank one matrices in at least a $\mathbb{P}^1$? A naive dimension count suggests this is ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

Geometrically connected components of an algebraic group

Suppose that $G$ is an algebraic group over a field $k$. Let $G^o$be the connected component of the identity. Since $G^0$ contains a $k$-rational point (the identity) therefore it is geometrically ...
1
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1answer
104 views

what are the possible approximations for ideals

(Fix some local ring $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ over a field of zero characteristic.) Suppose an ideal $J$ is defined by some complicated formula/procedure. And there is no hope of computing it/or writing ...
2
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2answers
241 views

Push-forward of a quasi-coherent graded algebra under a proper map

Let $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ be a proper morphism with $Y$ Noetherian (and even affine, if you wish), and let $\mathscr{A} = \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} \mathscr{A}_n$ be a quasi-coherent graded ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Equation for non-invertible elements in Clifford algebras

Suppose we have a Clifford algebra $Cl(V,q)$, $V\simeq \mathbb{R}^n$ and $q$ non-degenerate bilinear form. Then every non-zero element of $V\subset Cl(V,q)$ invertible, but they are not the only ones ...
0
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1answer
143 views

Codimension in zero and positive characteristic

Let $F_0,\ldots,F_m\in\mathbb{Z}[x_0,\ldots,x_n]$ be polynomials with integer coefficients and let $p$ be a prime integer. Consider the two ideals: $$I_0:=(F_0,\ldots,F_m)\subset ...
5
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0answers
183 views

Torsors and twists of algebraic groups

Let $G/S$ be an affine group scheme. Then the automorphism group of every $G$-torsor over $S$ is a twist of $G$, but it this functor isn't essentially surjective in general (It may be not full nor ...
2
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2answers
183 views

Equations for points to lie on a rational normal curve

$\def\PP{\mathbb{P}}$Let $z_1$, $z_2$, ..., $z_n$ be points in $\PP^{k-1}$. I am interested in equations for when the $z_i$ lie on a rational normal curve (or degeneration thereof.) Specifically, ...
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0answers
107 views

Geometric (or intuitive) interpretation of Almost Gorenstein and Cohen-Macaulay rings

This question is related to This one: Darius Math in his good answer added that Cohen-Macaulay ring's singularities is nice. So I'd like to complete that question and ask: Let R be a local ...
7
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311 views

What is the etale fundamental group of Spec Z((x))?

I know the etale fundamental group of $\mathbb{Z}$ is trivial. For algebraically closed fields $K$, the etale fundamental group of $K((x))$ is $\hat{\mathbb{Z}}$, since all covers in this case are ...
3
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2answers
152 views

Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...