Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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### Are linear algebraic groups rigid?

The underlying variety of a linear elgebraic group (say, over an algebraically closed field) is affine, so doesn't have nontrivial (infinitesimal) deformations. I'm curious to know whether it's ...

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25 views

### irreducible etale cover

Let $X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth morphism of schemes and consider the blowup of the fiber product along the diagonal, $W:=Bl_{\Delta}X\times_Y X$.
Do there exist smooth morphisms of schemes ...

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126 views

### Counterexamples to Elkik's theorem in the non-Noetherian case

Elkik in Solutions d'equations a coefficients dans un anneu Henselian, Theorem 7 proves that:
Let $A$ be a Noetherian ring that is Henselian with respect to a principal ideal $(a)$.
That is, if ...

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**1**answer

112 views

### Affine hulls and base change

Let $S$ be a scheme. We consider the functor, called affine hull, from the category of quasicompact and quasiseparated $S$-schemes to the category of affine $S$-schemes, defined as a left adjoint to ...

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90 views

### Galois descent of stacks

Suppose $X$ is a algebraic stack over a field $F$. Consider a Galois finite extension $F'$ of $F$. Let $X_{F'}:=X\times_F F'$ be the base extension.
Suppose $X_{F'}$ is isomorphic to an algebraic ...

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72 views

### linear section of codimension $k+1$ of a variety of dimension $k$

Let $X$ be a variety of dimension $k$ and degree $d$. If $L$ is a linear subspace of codimension $k+1$ such that $|L\cap X|$ consists of a finite number of points, is there a way to find the maximum ...

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29 views

### (semi)stability of a net of quadrics and a certain criterion

Let $V:=H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}(1))$, $W:=H^0(\mathbb{P}^4,\mathcal{O}(2))$ and $Q_i(i=1,2,3)$ be quadric hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{P}^4$.
To a net of quadrics $\Lambda=(Q_1,Q_2,Q_3)$, we ...

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101 views

### Degree of a Segre variety (without Hilbert polynomial)

Algebraic Geometry is not my topic of research and I am having troubles in understanding the following:
In Harris book, Algebraic Geometry, a firs course, Example 18.15, there is a proof of the ...

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**1**answer

46 views

### Global sections in negative degree line bundles over singular curves

Let $C$ be a local complete intersection projective curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Assume that $C$ is integral. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a line bundle on $C$ of negative degree. We know that if $C$ is smooth ...

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748 views

### What is the arithmetic Nullstellensatz?

The only precise statement (coming from a reliable source) of the "arithmetic Nullstellensatz" I can find is in Gowers's book, stating that two polynomials with integral coefficients have the same ...

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97 views

### if V(f) is irreducible, then how to show that the polynomial f itself is irreducible? [on hold]

V(f) is the zero locus of the polynomial f in the polynomial ring k[x1, x2, ..., xn] with k an algebraically closed field.
If V(f) is irreducible, then how to show that 'f' is irreducible?

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168 views

### Weil restriction

I've already asked a similar question in SE, without success, so I've decided to post here a more general version of my question.
Let $f: Y \to X$ be a finite etale morphism of smooth proper ...

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45 views

### symmetric theta structures and arithmetic subgroups

A symmetric theta structure is a theta structure that commutes with (a lift of) the natural involution $\imath: A \to A$ an an abelian variety. For simplicity I will assume that $A$ is a surface.
...

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103 views

### Invariant planes of a nilpotent matrix with two Jordan blocks of size two

Describe all the invariant 2-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{C}^4$ (or $\mathbb{R}^4$) of the nilpotent map
$$
N = \begin{pmatrix}
0 & 1 & & \\
0 & 0 & & \\
& & 0 ...

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293 views

### Twist in identification with singular cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $$V = H^m(X(\mathbb{C}), \mathbb{Q} \cdot (2\pi i)^r)$$ Then I've seen people write the comparison with complex cohomology (an isomorphism ...

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109 views

### Hermitian metric on $f_*(\Omega_{X/X_{can}}^{n-k})$

Let $X$ be an n- dimensional algebraic manifold . Suppose that its canonical line bundle $K_X$ is semi-positive and $0<k=Kod(X)<n $ . Let $f: X\to X_{can}\subset \mathbb CP^N$
Here $X_{can}$ ...

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209 views

### Rational points techniques on curves not using their Jacobian

Let $C/K$ be a curve of genus > 2 over a number field $K$ and suppose there exists a $p \in C(K)$. Then a recurring theme in studying $C(K)$ is using the map $C \to J(C)$ normalized by sending $p$ to ...

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97 views

### A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$.
For instance consider a cubic surface ...

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**1**answer

58 views

### Real solutions for systems of monomial equations

I have a $K$ equations of the form $x_1^{a_{i1}} \cdots x_n^{a_{in}}=c_i$ where $a_{ij}$ are non-negative integer constants and $c_i$ are real constants -- i.e. each equation is a monomial in $n$ ...

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97 views

### Non-linearly isomorphic non-equivalent $G-$representations?

Let $G$ be an algebraic group (or a group scheme) over a field $\Bbbk$, and let $V$ be an algebraic $G-$representation (I mean, corresponding to a homomorphism of $\Bbbk-$group schemes $G\rightarrow ...

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274 views

### What is the current state of the crystalline analogue of the Weil conjectures?

In "F-isocrystals on open varieties results and conjectures" Faltings says:
"Finally, we extend the theory of weights and show as much as possible of the crystalline analogue of the Weil ...

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171 views

### Which of the Mochizuki's works are the most closely related to elliptic curves?

I'm very much interest about algebraic geometry and number theory along with cryptography, but I have a special interest about the elliptic curves. I have heard a lot of interesting things about ...

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806 views

### A question about “Zariski dense” arguments

This question is a little basic, but I think it is consistent with the goals of MO.
My question is about a certain type of argument in algebraic geometry which exploits the abundance of dense sets ...

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288 views

### Is there a hyperplane avoiding two independent sets?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with $5$ elements, $A,B \subseteq V$ independent subsets. Must there be a subspace of $V$ of codimension 1 disjoint from $A \cup B$?

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366 views

### Standard conjectures on positive characteristic

In this MO answer of M. Bondarko, he says:
"the Hodge conjecture implies all the Grothendieck's standard conjectures over base fields of characteristic 0..."
and in Remarks on Grothendieck's ...

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105 views

### Nearby cycles and specialisation - properties

I am looking for reference for properties of nearby cycles - specifically, commutation with non-characteristic pull-back (good enough - commutation with pull-back to closed subvariety which is ...

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137 views

### Plucker embedding and tautological/universal quotient bundle

Let $G$ be a Grassmannian and $Q$ the tautological/universal quotient bundle of $G$. As far as I understand, the associated tautological quotient line bundle for the Plucker embedding of the ...

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149 views

### Pseudo-automorphisms on Fano varieties

Is every pseudo-automorphism (self-birational map which does not contract any hypersurface) of a smooth Fano variety of Picard rank $1$ equal to a biregular automorphism?
Remark: For $\mathbb{P}^n$, ...

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514 views

### Is Mumford's statement about the representability of some functor wrong?

I am having trouble proving a result in Mumfords book 'Lectures on Curves on an Algebraic surface.
It is a statement about the representability of some functor. It is stated on page 108 and says the ...

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133 views

### Definition of J-function of cotangent bundle of flag variety [closed]

Usually, the definition of the Givental $J$-function of the K\"ahler variety $X$ is given in the following way. Let $T_0=1,T_1, \cdots, T_m$ be the basis of the cohomology group $H^*(X,\mathbb{Z})$, ...

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100 views

### Hilbert scheme of a closed subscheme

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Its Hilbert scheme represents the functor $G$ from schemes to sets given by $$G(S)=\{Z\subset X\times S|\, Z \mbox{ is a closed subscheme, flat and proper over ...

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1k views

### Is there a higher Grothendieck ring?

Fix a field $k$. The Grothendieck ring $K_0(\mathrm{Var}_k)$ of varieties over $k$ is defined as the quotient of the free abelian group on isomorphism classes of algebraic varieties by the scissor ...

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107 views

### Does projective duality preserve arithmetic-Cohen-Macaulay-ness?

Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{C}$.
Suppose $X\subset \mathbb{P} V$ is an algebraic variety, and consider its projective dual variety $X^\vee \subset \mathbb{P} V^*$. If the coordinate ring ...

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157 views

### Non-hyperelliptic families of curves with trivial Ceresa class (or Gross-Schoen class)

Suppose X/K is a curve over a field K, which we want to think of as non-algebraically closed, and let x be a point of X(K). The Ceresa cycle is defined as follows; you can embed X in Jac(X) by sending ...

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85 views

### Does the canonical morphism commute with the inverse image functor?

I am trying to prove the representability of the Quotient functor.
I have the following problem.
Let $\phi \colon T \to S$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes and let $F$ be a coherent sheaf on ...

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86 views

### Examples of etale group schemes [closed]

What are important examples of etale group schemes over some field $F$, apart from finite group schemes?

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65 views

### Dimension of a similarity class

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field with characteristic $0$. I consider the Jordan decomposition of a NILPOTENT matrix: $A=diag(J_{r_1},\cdots,J_{r_s})\in M_n(K)$ where $J_k$ is the nilpotent ...

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199 views

### What is known about the Brauer group of an arithmetic surface?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic surface over $\mathbb{Z}$, that is we have $\pi: X\rightarrow Spec(\mathbb{Z})$, $X$ is integral, two-dimensional and regular and $\pi$ is projective and flat.
What is known ...

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**1**answer

95 views

### Degree of a smooth curve in an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety, $g$ be a positive integer and $\mathcal{L}$ be an ample line bundle on $A$.
Question : Is there a real $r>0$ such that, for all smooth curve $C$ of genus $g$ in ...

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173 views

### Deformations of holomorphic/algebraic vector bundles over $\mathbb{P}^3$

I would like to know what can be said about (global) deformations of holomorphic/algebraic rank two vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$. I am particularly interested in the case of topologically trivial ...

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109 views

### Hilbert scheme of an infinitesimal neighborhood of a subvariety

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Let $C\subset X$ be a compact (reduced) subvariety. Let $C^{(n)}$ denote the $n$th infinitesimal neighborhood of $C$ inside $X$. Let $Hilb(X)$ denote the ...

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108 views

### Automorphism group of a smooth quadric $Q\subset\mathbb{P}^4$

Let $Q$ be the smooth quadric threefold in $\mathbb{P}^4_{\mathbb{C}}$ defined by the equation
$x_0x_4+x_1x_3+x_2^2=0$.
Is it true that the automorphism group of $Q$ is $SO(Q;\mathbb{C})$ which is ...

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183 views

### First chern class of fibers of compact Kaehler algebraic variety

Let $M$ be an compact Kähler algebraic variety and suppose $K_M$ is semi-ample. Consider the holomorphic map $\pi:X\to \Sigma \subset \mathbb CP^N$ with $Kod(M)=dim_\mathbb C\Sigma$ (here $Kod$ means ...

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115 views

### Bound for the height of equations defining the singular locus of a variety

Fix positive integers $m, n, d$.
In what follows, the height of an algebraic number will mean the absolute multiplicative height.
Let $V \subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}^n$ be an affine algebraic variety ...

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### Families of curves with “almost-general” moduli

The Brill-Noether theorem says that, if $\rho(d, g, r) := (r + 1)d - rg - r(r + 1) \geq 0$, then there exists a unique component of the Hilbert scheme of curves of degree $d$ and genus $g$ in ...

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107 views

### Open subset of the moduli space of stable sheaves on a noetherian scheme

This is my question:
Given a projective noetherian scheme $X$, the structural sheaf $\mathcal{O}_X$ is a coherent sheaf, so every locally free sheaf is coherent. This means that the family of stable ...

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151 views

### Bott's Formula for Grassmannians

Bott's Formula gives the dimension of the cohomology $H^{q}(\mathbb{P}^{n}, \Omega_{\mathbb{P}^{n}}^{p}(k))$ of the $k$-twisted sheaf of $p$-differential forms on the projective space ...

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114 views

### Applications of anabelian geometry to Galois representations?

One aspect of anabelian geometry is the study of the action of the absolute Galois group of a field $K$ on the etale fundamental group $\pi_1(X_\overline K)$, where $X$ is a (anabelian) variety and ...

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94 views

### Dimension of binary motives of a quadric

Let $Q$ be a anisotropic quadric of dimension $d$ over $k$.
We work in the category of effective Chow-Motives over $k$.
Let $T$ be the Tate-Motive.
For a motive $M$ we write $M(l)$ for its $l$-th ...

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111 views

### Can the commuting condition in Jordan-Chevalley decomposition be replaced with this global criterion?

Let $G$ be a reductive linear algebraic group defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic, and write $\mathfrak{g}$ for its Lie algebra.
The Jordan-Chevalley ...