Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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6
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0answers
51 views

Interplay between Loop Quantum Gravity and Mathematics

It is known that there are many interesting connections between String Theory and modern Mathematics, with a rich feedback going on in both directions: there have been advances in mathematics thanks ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

homological invariant of the “universal elliptic curve” over the punctured $j$-line

My question considers the curve $E$ over the affine $j$-line $S$ given by $$Y^2 - (j-1728)XY = X^3 - 36(j-1728)^3X - (j-1728)^5$$ This curve has the property that it's $j$-invariant is $j$ (see ...
5
votes
0answers
79 views

Relative Picard functor for the Zariski topology

I'm trying to understand better the relative Picard functor, as defined, for example, in Kleiman's article. Let $X \to S$ be a smooth projective morphism of schemes whose geometric fibres are ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Coherent sheaves on $\mathbb C^2$ and commuting matrices

Let $V$ be an $n$-dimensional complex vector space. The stack $Coh^n(\mathbb C^2)$ of coherent sheaves on $\mathbb C^2$ supported on $n$ points (not necessarily distinct) is equivalent to the stack ...
-2
votes
0answers
105 views

How to prove a certain theorem about algebraic function fields [on hold]

This question concerns a point from the book David Goldschmidt, Algebraic Functions and Projective Curves, 2001 (link). Let $K$ be a finitely generated extension of $k$ of transcendence degree ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

Must we know $MU^*(X)$ in order to compute $Ell^*(X)$?

Let $Ell^*(X)$ be the elliptic cohomology theory (associated to a given elliptic curve $E$) of a nice space $X$. Recall the Landweber-Ravenel-Stong construction: $MU^*(X) \otimes_{MU^*} R \simeq ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Does the higher cohomology of a quasi-coherent sheaf on a Stein manifold vanish?

It is a well-known result in algebraic geometry that if $X$ is an affine scheme and $\mathcal{F}$ is a quasi-coherent sheaf on $X$, then the higher cohomologies of $\mathcal{F}$ vanish, i.e. $$ ...
12
votes
0answers
242 views

Enriques surfaces over $\mathbb Z$

Does there exist a smooth proper morphism $E \to \operatorname{Spec} \mathbb Z$ whose fibers are Enriques surfaces? By a theorem of, independently, Fontaine and Abrashkin, combined with the ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Is surjectivity for morphisms of schemes local on the domain?

It is said so in Knutson's book 'algebraic sapces' in several places for different topologies on schemes, see Chapt. I, 2.19 for Zariski top, 3.13 for flat top., 4.11 for etale topology. But this ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Smoothing transverse intersections

Let $S$ be a complex surface with ample canonical class. Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be smooth complex curves in $S$ that intersect transversally at $n $ points. Furthermore, assume that the self-intersection ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Is the derived category of perfect complexes idempotent complete?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. We call a morphism $\alpha: X\rightarrow X$ an idempotent if $\alpha^2=\alpha$ in $\mathcal{C}$. We call $\mathcal{C}$ is $\textit{idempotent complete}$ if any ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there any Algebraic Geometry Theorems that were proved using Combinatorics?

I'm collaborating with some algebraic geometers in a paper, and when writing the introduction I mentioned the interaction of Combinatorics and Algebraic Geometry, and gave some examples like the ...
5
votes
0answers
104 views

Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$. Then when ...
2
votes
0answers
150 views

How far is it to extend the results of SGA III Exp. VIB from group schemes to group spaces?

How far is it to extend the results of SGA III Exp. VIB from group schemes to group spaces? In particular, does Corollary 4.4 from SGA III Exp. VIB hold for G/S being merely a group space? Here the ...
3
votes
4answers
357 views

How singular can the Stein factorization of a proper map between smooth varieties be?

A little bit of motivation (the question starts below the line): I am studying a proper, generically finite map of varieties $X \to Y$, with $X$ and $Y$ smooth. Since the map is proper, we can use the ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Is Frobenius on $R^\circ/p$ surjective for general perfectoid rings $R$?

In [1], Propisition 6.1.9(2), it said that if $R$ is a perfectoid ring such that $pR^\circ$ is closed in $R^\circ$ (this includes the case if $R$ is of character $p$, or if $p$ is invertible in $R$, ...
-5
votes
1answer
134 views

Stiefel-Whitney class of complex projective spaces [on hold]

Let $T\mathbb{C}P^m$ be the tangent bundle of complex projective space. What is the total Stiefel-Whitney class $w(T\mathbb{C}P^m)$? Let $a_m$ be the maximal integer such that the $a_m$-th dual ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

UFD and fundamental group

Let $C$ be the curve $x^2+y^2-1$, defined over $\mathbb R$. It is easy to see that $\mathbb R[C]$ is not a UFD, as witnessed by the identity $(1-x)(1+x)=y^2$. On the other hand, the real locus ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Moduli space of flat connections over a torus

Let us fix a principal bundle $G\hookrightarrow P\to T^{2}$, where $T^{2}$ is a torus. Is the moduli space of flat connections on $P$ known? At least, it is known for some particular gauge groups, ...
3
votes
0answers
189 views

Flatness over a perfectoid ring

I want to prove the following: Let $R$ be a perfectoid ring and $\varpi$ a pseudo uniformizer in $R$ which admits all $p$-th power roots, then a module over $R^\circ$ is flat if and only if it has no ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

Connectedness of fibers for flat, proper morphism

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a flat proper morphism of noetherian schemes of finite type over a field. Assume that $Y$ is an integral scheme and the generic fiber of $f$ is irreducible of dimension $1$. Is it ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Do algebraic stacks satisfy fpqc descent?

It is known, thanks to Gabber, that algebraic spaces are sheaves in the fpqc topology: Stacks project 03W8 Is the analogous statement for algebraic (Artin) stacks true? If not, is it true under ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Relationship between coherent toposes/coherent logic and coherent sheaves

I've heard it claimed that the adjective "coherent" in logic/topos theory (i.e. coherent logic, coherent toposes, coherent categories) was adopted to fit in with the terminology of coherent sheaves in ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Showing a wedge product is nonzero

Let $V$ be a complex vector space of dimension $n$, equipped with a Hermitian inner product whose Kahler form we denote by $\omega$. Let's set $P = \bigwedge^{2p} V^*$ and $Q = \bigwedge^{2q} V^*$ for ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Galois cohomology out of the classifying stack

Suppose $G$ is a smooth and abelian $k$-group scheme, for $k$ a field. Is it possible to get back galois cohomology groups $H^*(k,G)$ studying the cohomology of the classifying stack $BG=[*/G]$ ?
1
vote
2answers
168 views

Connected components of algebraic groups

Let $G$ be an algebraic group, and $G_{Id}$ the connected component of the identity. Then $G_{Id}$ is a normal subgroup of $G$ and $G/G_{Id}$ is the component group of $G$. Let $G_{c}\subset G$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Picard group of classifying stack

Suppose $S$ is a scheme, and $G$ a smooth $S$-group scheme. Then there exists an algebraic stack BG called the classifying stack of $G$, defined as the quotient stack $[S/G]$ where $G$ acts trivially ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Motives of a variety of type D4

Over the last decade Nikita Semenov, Skip Garibaldi and others have made some progress in the theory of cohomological invariants, (Rost)-motives and motivic decompositions of algebraic groups. For ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Continuity of Intersection Multiplicities

I’m looking for a correct technical version (and in the best case a reference) for a statement of the following type: Consider a complex algebraic variety $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ and a sequence of ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine, Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z (and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Lefschetz hyperplane theorem for Neron-Severi

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension at least $3$, and that $D$ is a smooth ample divisor. I am wondering to about the status of the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem for the map ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

On Q-Cartier Divisors

I have my question on Q-Cartier Weil divisor. People say $D$ is Q-Cartier divisor if $nD$ is Cartier for some $n \geq 1$. Especially for $n > 1$, I have never seen the `rigorous' definition of ...
1
vote
0answers
199 views

An example of threefold

Its description is a little bit complicated but it would be great if anyone can give an example. I tried to construct it as a toric variety (See the previous question) but did not succeed. I am ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Evaluation maps for moduli of stable maps

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}(\mathbb{P}^N,d)$ be the moduli space of stable maps of degree $d$ from curves of genus zero with $n$-marked points to $\mathbb{P}^N$. Consider the product of the evaluation ...
2
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0answers
54 views

completion of non-finitely generated ideal

Let consider $A=k[x_{1},x_{2}...]$, the polynomial ring with countably many indeterminates. Then we can consider the completion ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Existence of a special Kahler structure on the contangent bundle

It is known that the total space of the cotangent bundle $T^{\ast}M\to M$ of any manifold $M$ can be equipped with a Kahler structure. My question is, it is known when $T^{\ast}M$ admits a Special ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Real Zeros - tail estimate

Given a random polynomial with Gaussian coefficients, the Kac-Rice formula tells us what the expected number of real zeros is (for more on this, see the excellent paper of Edelman and Kostlan in the ...
-1
votes
0answers
26 views

Whats the name of a cylinder with 3 parabolic equilateral points? [closed]

If we start with a normal cylinder and pinch in 3 sides so that the top-down view looks like a curved, three-pointed equilateral star, what is the name of this shape and what's it's function look like ...
4
votes
0answers
140 views

When do we have $D_{\text{perf}}(\text{Qcoh}(X))\simeq D_{\text{perf}}(X)$?

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a scheme (or more generally a ringed space). We know that in general the derived category of complexes of quasi-coherent modules $D(\text{Qcoh}(X))$ is not equivalent to the ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Residual scheme to local complete intersection schemes in the projective space

Let $A$ be an integral Noetherian $\mathbb{C}$-algebra. Denote by $\mathbb{P}^3_A:=\mathbb{P}^3_{\mathbb{C}} \times_{\mathbb{C}} \mathrm{Spec}(A)$. Let $X,Y$ be closed local complete intersection ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

$\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality of singularities

I would like to understand if a certain variety is $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial (i.e., if every Weil divisor $D$ has a multiple $mD$ that is Cartier). This property can be deduced by a local picture around ...
0
votes
0answers
176 views

Advantages of intersection theory on stacks [closed]

Suppose we have an algebraic stack that happens to be a scheme. Do we gain anything by doing intersection theory on it as stack instead of as a scheme? Do we have a finer understanding of some ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

complement of an open immersion

Let $A\subseteq B$ be normal affine doamins over a field $k$ with same field of fractions. If the induced morphism of schemes $i^*:Spec\ B \rightarrow Spec\ A$ is an open immersion, how to prove that ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Is this quasi-coherent sheaf a subsheaf of $\ker f$?

Let $f: \mathcal{F}\to \mathcal{G}$ be a morphism of quasi-coherent sheaves over a scheme $X$. Let also $T_U$ be a submodule of $\ker f_U$ with $|T_U|\leq \kappa$ for each open subset $U$ of $X$ ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Counting models in first order logics without existencial quantifiers

My question is about the posibility of to construct a parameter space of models in a first order theory, finitely presented, with out existencial quantifiers (parameter space in the sense of ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Blow-up of the diagonal

Let $\Delta$ be the small diagonal in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$, and let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$ along $\Delta$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Riemann-Hurwitz and ramification divisors for maps to nodal curves

I have the following situation: I have flat, Cohen-Macaulay families $S, C \to B$ of relative dimension 1 over a smooth base $B$, and a finite, faithfully flat morphism $f : S \to C$ of $B$-varieties. ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

$\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ a scheme for $n \gg 0$? [duplicate]

I think that for $n \geq 3$, the Deligne-Mumford moduli stack $\mathcal{M}_{0,n}$ is a scheme. Is it more generally true that for every $g$, the Deligne-Mumford moduli stack $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

Number of elements in a fiber

Let $A\subseteq B$ be normal affine domains over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. If it is given that the corresponding morphism of schemes Spec $B\rightarrow$ Spec $A$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

An alternative definition of pseudo-coherent complex

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a scheme or a general ringed space. First recall that a complex of $\mathcal{O}_X)$-modules $\mathcal{E}^{\bullet}$ is called strictly perfect if $\mathcal{E}^{\bullet}$ is ...