Algebraic varieties, stacks, sheaves, schemes, moduli spaces, complex geometry, quantum cohomology.

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2
votes
0answers
140 views

When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}$_a. When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Motivation of $a_p$ for non-CM elliptic curves [on hold]

For an elliptic curve $E$ without CM let $\overline{E}$ be the good reduction of $E$ modulo $p$ prime. The value $a_p = p+ 1 - \#\overline{E}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is referenced by DDT on p.19 and Ribet ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Reducedness of scheme theoretic fibers of toric morphisms

Let's consider $X=X(\Delta_X)$ and $Y=Y(\Delta_Y)$ two complete $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial toric varieties over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, and let $f:X\to Y$ be a flat toric ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Fermat's Theorem on p = a^2 + b^2 [migrated]

I have read that Fermat predicted that for an odd prime $p$, $p = a^2 + b^2$ iff $p = 1$ mod 4. I heard that such a criterion could be possible for a given integer $n$ like $p = a^2 + n b^2$ ...
8
votes
1answer
210 views

A reference for $\mathbb{A}^1_R$ being a coarse moduli space of the stack of elliptic curves

Let $R$ be a ring and let $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ be the algebraic $R$-stack of elliptic curves (over $R$-schemes as bases). One knows that the coarse moduli space of $\mathcal{M}_{1, R}$ is supposed to ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Relation between intersection multiplicities

Consider $(f_1,\dots,f_n), (g_1,\dots,g_n)\in \mathbb{C}[z_1,\dots,z_n]\ $ such that: i) $\{f_1=\dots=f_n=0\}= \{g_1=\dots=g_n=0\}=\{0\}\in \mathbb{C}^n\ $ and ii) $f_1g_1+\dots+f_ng_n\equiv0$. ...
-1
votes
2answers
206 views

Serre's Theorem for Coherent Sheaves

I recently heard a discussion about a certain of Serre which reconstructs the category of coherent sheaves of a variety $V$ as the category of modules over the homogeneous space of $V$ modulo modules ...
1
vote
4answers
205 views

Global section of very ample line bundles and its value on stalks

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $\mathcal{L}$ be a very ample line bundle on $X$ with respect to some projective embedding $X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{C}}$ (for some $n$). Given any ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Does the ring of invariants inherit normality?

Let $A$ be a normal ring (in the sense that its localizations at prime ideals are normal domains), and suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $A$ by ring automorphisms. Form the subring $A^G \subset ...
3
votes
2answers
227 views

Etale local fibrations in the Grothendieck ring of varieties

Let $k$ be a field and $K_0(Var_k)$ the Grothendieck ring of varieties over $k$. This is the ring generated by isomorphism classes of varieties over $k$ with multiplication given by $$ [X \times_k Y] ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

degenerate points in the moduli space of flat principal $G$-bundle with respect to a linear representation on a complex

Let $(A^\bullet,\partial)$ be a complexe of $\mathbb{C}$-vector spaces. We suppose that this complex is of finite length, and all $A^\bullet$ are finite dimensional. Let $H^\bullet$ be the cohomology ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Ascending chain condition on radical ideals

There is a basic theorem in the geometry of schemes saying that the Spec of a Noetherian ring is a Noetherian topological space. It can be formulated as the ACC condition implies the ACCR condition ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Bertini theorem for big divisors and klt pairs

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and let $D$ be a big $\mathbb Q$-divisor on $X$. Assume that for $m$ large $|mD|$ has no fixed components. Is there a $\mathbb Q$-divisor $D'\equiv D$ so that ...
0
votes
0answers
109 views

Moving lemma for algebraic curves

Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible projective curve contained in $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $Y$ be another reduced but not necessarily irreducible curve in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Denote by $P$ the Hilbert polynomial of ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Blowing-up the Grassmannian at a point

Does anyone know what the blow-up of the Grassmannian at a point looks like? Consider $G=Gr(r,n)$ and $V\in G$. I want to understand more explicitly what $Bl_V(G)$ should mean. Of course for affine ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

A combinatorial question on ranks

Denote $$\mathscr{C}[r]=\{Q\in\Bbb Z_{\geq 0,\leq 1}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rk}(Q)= r\}.$$ $$\mathscr{D}[A,t]=\{B\in\mathscr{C}[\mathsf{rk}(A)]:\mathsf{dim}(col(A)\cap col(B))\geq t\}.$$ Given ...
1
vote
4answers
336 views

Tensor calculus on the frame bundle

Let $M$ be a manifold and let $g$ be a tensor on it, say for example a metric $g\in\Gamma(T^{\ast}M\otimes T^{\ast}M)$. I know how to perform any computation on $g$. For instance, taking its ...
-1
votes
0answers
61 views

Minimum rank non-negative matrix summations

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}$ of rank $r$. What is minimum $k$ such that $$\mathscr{A}[b,k]=\{Q\in\Bbb R_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(Q)\leq k\}$$ contains $R,S$ ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Is the ring of invariants Noetherian?

Let $R$ be a complete regular local ring whose residue field is perfect. Suppose that a finite group $G$ acts on $R$ by ring automorphisms in such a way that the induced action on the residue field is ...
7
votes
0answers
221 views

Can an abelian variety/Q have no points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial? This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Reference for Arakelov's theorem: $K^2_f=0$ iff $f$ is locally trivial

Let $f:X\longrightarrow B$ be a family of curves, with $f$ relatively minimal, over a fixed curve $B$ ($B$ is projective, irreducible and smooth). The fibration $f$ is said locally trivial if all ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

When does a perverse sheaf occur in the decomposition theorem?

Suppose I am in the setting of the decomposition theorem, i.e., we have the decomposition of the direct image $f_*\mathbb Q_\ell$, where $f:X\to Y$ is proper. Then the direct image decomposes into a ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Regular embeddings of reductive groups

A regular embedding of a connected reductive linear algebraic group $G$ defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a morphism $\varphi : G \rightarrow G'$ of algebraic groups which is a closed immersion where ...
-1
votes
0answers
51 views

Calculate the intersection numbers by a plane section [closed]

This question is from the chapter A of Reid's note: Chapters on algebraic surfaces Let X = X$_d$ $\subset$ P$^3$ be a nonsingular surface of degree d and suppose that X has a plane section P ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Blowig-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Is there a formula for the intersection of projectivized lines inside a projectivized vector bundle?

Let $E\rightarrow D$ be a complex rank two vector bundle over a compact complex one dimensional manifold $D$. Let $L_1, L_2 \subset E$ be rank one subbundles of E (i.e. line bundles). Let $$ n_1:= ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

How does one compute the first Chern class of a Line bundle defined as the Kernel of a linear map?

Let $M$ and $N$ be compact complex manifolds of the same dimension ($m$) and $\mu: M \rightarrow N$ a holomorphic map. Let $D \subset M$ be the subset of points of $M$, where $d\mu|_p$ fails to be ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Function field of the Jacobian of genus 2 curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$

I have been trying to build the function field of the jacobian of a genus 2 smooth curve over a finite field, but I am having problems making it explicit, I need to work with another curve with points ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Pro-constructible subset of scheme intersects very dense subsets?

Let $X$ be a scheme, let $D$ be a very dense subset of $X$ and let $Y$ be a pro-constructible subset of $X$. Is it true that $Y \cap D \neq \emptyset$? If $Y$ is just constructible, this is true. ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Multiplication Map, Is it invariant?

Let $\pi:X\rightarrow Z$ a double cover of an elliptic curve with genus $g\geq 3$. Choose a general rank 2 and degree -1 vector bundle $F$ on $Z$, let $E=\pi^*F$ and fix $x\in X$. The involution $i$ ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Relation between intersection and product of ideals

Let $C$ be a smooth projective (irreducible) curve in $\mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n$. Denote by $I_C$ the ideal of $C$. Let $g \in I_C\backslash I_{C}^2$, an irreducible element. Is it true that for any ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

A simple question about a resolution of a conifers singularity

Let $X$ be a conifold defined by the equation $xy-zw=0$ in $\mathbb{C}^4$ and $\tilde{X}$ its crepant resolution, which is isomorphic to $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P^1}}(-1)^{\oplus 2}$. Then there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

About convex combinations of real-stable multivariable complex polynomials

Say $f: \mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is a real stable multivariable polynomial on the variables $(z,w_1,w_2,...,w_n)$. (a "real-stable" polynomial is one which has no zeroes in the open ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

What happens to the cohomology ring after a “flip-flop”?

I've been trying to understand what happens to the cohomology ring (say with coefficients in $\mathbb{R}$) of a smooth complex projective manifold after blowing up along a smooth complex submanifold. ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Higher genus Gromov-Witten potential

Is it known if the higher genus (gravitational) Gromov-Witten potential is split in a classical and quantum part like the genus 0 Gromov-Witten potential? If so, Could someone give a reference?
8
votes
2answers
246 views

Implicit Function Theorem on Singular Varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex reduced affine algebraic or analytic varieties, possibly singular. Take a regular proper function $$f\colon X \to Y $$ and assume that it is bijective at the level of ...
9
votes
2answers
364 views

Is there an analogue of the Tate (and Hodge) conjecture for varieties that are not proper smooth (i.e., the mixed case)?

Let $X/K$ be a variety (scheme of finite type, geometricaly integral) over a finitely generated field $K$. If it is smooth and proper, we can formulate the Tate conjecture, and if $\text{char}(K) = 0$ ...
7
votes
1answer
224 views

A proper smooth surface is projective

My question is a reference request for the following fact: if $k$ is a field and $X$ a proper smooth surface over $k$, then $X \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}\, k$ is projective. Where is this well-known ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Intersections of the B-orbits and the orbits of some other Borel subgroups in the flag variety G/B

This is a follow-up of this previous question below: Intersections of $B$ and $B^-$ orbits in the flag variety $G/B$ Let $G = SL_n(\mathbb{C})$, $B$ be the standard Borel subgroup, and consider some ...
4
votes
0answers
145 views

Automorphisms of a quotient variety

Let $X$ be a variety, and $G\subset Aut(X)$ a subgroup of the automorphism group of $X$. Assume that the quotient $Y = X/G$ is a variety. Does there exist some simple relation between $Aut(X)$, $G$ ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

About real roots of complex multivariable polynomials

Let $f(z,w_1,w_2,..,w_n)$ be a multivarible complex polynomial mapping $\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and it has all real coefficients. Assume that this is "real-stable" i.e it has no roots ...
-1
votes
0answers
185 views

What is the error here? [closed]

Let $X$ a curve of genus $g\geq 3$ with a double cover to an elliptic curve $Z$. Let $F$ be a rank $2$ and degree $1$ locally free sheaf on $Z$, and $G$ its pullback to X. Then, by Serre duality ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Are all (graded) Artinian complete intersections like this?

I'm trying to prove some stuff (it's not important what) about (graded) Artinian complete intersections $R=\mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]/I$, where the $x_i$ have certain positive weights and where $I$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

“Exceptional components” of the exceptional divisor of a blow up

Assume we are blowing up an ideal $I$ on an affine variety $X$, let $E$ be the exceptional divisor, and $P$ be a (closed) point in $V$, the zero set of $I$. Is there any algorithm to check that $E$ ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Degree 2 curves on a degree d hypersurface in P^(2d+2)/3

One of the foundations of Gromov-Witten theory is the use (due to Kontsevich I think) of localization to calculate the number of degree $n$ curves on a general quintic 3-fold. When calculating the ...
6
votes
1answer
257 views

Find a polynomial not in any ideal generated by polynomials of total degree $o(n)$

Is there an explicit nontrivial (= not a constant) polynomial $p \in \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that, for any ideal $I \not= \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ generated by $f_1, f_2, \ldots, f_m$ ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

reference for “curves over S are locally the base change of a curve over S' which is finite type over R”

So recently I heard someone claiming that if $X\rightarrow S$ is a smooth curve (not necessarily proper?) and $S$ is an arbitrary scheme over $\text{Spec }R$ (for $R$ sufficiently nice), then there is ...
3
votes
2answers
197 views

A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$. I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Normal bundles of rational equivalent curves

Let $C_1, C_2$ be rationally equivalent curves in a smooth projective variety $P$. Let $$N_i: = \mathcal{H}om(I_{i}/I^2_{i}, \mathcal{O}_{C_i})$$ be the normal bundle of $C_i$, where $I_i$ is the ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

liftings of principal bundles

I would like to know what structure has the category of liftings of a principal bundle. Let me be more precise. Fix $k$ an algebraically closed field and $X$ a smooth projective variety over it (for ...