The adjoint-functors tag has no usage guidance.

**67**

votes

**9**answers

8k views

### How do I check if a functor has a (left/right) adjoint?

Because adjoint functors are just cool, and knowing that a pair of functors is an adjoint pair gives you a bunch of information from generalized abstract nonsense, I often find myself saying, "Hey, ...

**38**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### What is an intuitive view of adjoints? (version 1: category theory)

In trying to think of an intuitive answer to a question on adjoints, I realised that I didn't have a nice conceptual understanding of what an adjoint pair actually is.
I know the definition (several ...

**29**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...

**29**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background:
(1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Properties of functors and their adjoints

I am interested in collecting in this question a list of properties a functor $F$ may have and what those properties imply for left and right adjoints, $F^L$ and $F^R$, assuming they exist. There are ...

**22**

votes

**10**answers

1k views

### Examples of categorical adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, and differential geometry?

In introductory texts on category theory, it seems like the majority of examples come from algebraic topology, algebra, and logic. Are there any good examples of adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Is every functor a composition of adjoint functors?

My understanding of Ben's answer to this question is that even though associated graded is not an adjoint functor, it's not too bad because it is a composition of a right adjoint and a left adjoint.
...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When and why do universal objects have extra properties?

I'm interested in situations where universal objects come with more structure than their definitions suggest. A classic case of this is where the free abelian group on one element has a ring structure....

**19**

votes

**5**answers

477 views

### Are there non-trivial infinite chains of adjoint functors?

There are self-adjoint functors $A \dashv A$. There are also functors $A$ that are both left- and right-adjoint to another functor $B$. $$A \dashv B \dashv A$$
There are also finite cyclic chains of ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Does the forgetful functor {Hopf Algebras}→{Algebras} have a right adjoint?

(Alternate title: Find the Adjoint: Hopf Algebra edition)
I was chatting with Jonah about his question Hopf algebra structure on $\prod_n A^{\otimes n}$ for an algebra $A$. It's very closely related ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

734 views

### Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar adjunction

I've been trying to read Jacob Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar constructions (Higher algebra §5.2 in the 2014-09 version) but I don't recognize what I know about these constructions. I wonder if ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What's an example of an “adjunction up to adjunction”?

(There are several dialects of 2-categorical language. Mine is the one where everything is weak by default. You might need to insert the word "weak" or "pseudo" (or even "strong", if your default is ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Can adjoint linear transformations be naturally realized as adjoint functors?

Last week Yan Zhang asked me the following: is there a way to realize vector spaces as categories so that adjoint functors between pairs of vector spaces become adjoint linear operators in the usual ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

644 views

### Iterated adjoint functors

Let $F_0 : C \to D$ be a functor. If it exists, let $G_0 : D \to C$ be its left adjoint. If it exists, let $F_1 : C \to D$ be its left adjoint. And so forth. In situations where the infinite ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Verifying that $\epsilon^!$ is indeed the right adjoint of $\epsilon_*$ in the context of algebraic stacks

The question is about the last paragraph of Remark 12.4.3 in the book on algebraic stacks by Laumon and Moret-Bailly.
Let $S$ be a (quasi-separated) scheme and let $\mathscr{X}$ be an algebraic stack ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

526 views

### Is every saft category cocomplete?

Here is a word that I think should be adopted by the category theorists. (If there is another synonymous word already in existence, please let me know.)
Definition: A category $C$ is saft if every ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

538 views

### Can different modules have the same symmetric algebra? (answered: no)

Algebraic geometry allows one to think of an $A$-module $M$ geometrically as a module of functions on the $A$-scheme $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathrm{Sym}(M))$.
I'm wondering if anything is lost in just ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Is a functor which has a left adjoint which is also its right adjoint an equivalence ?

I am looking for a counter-example of two functors F : C -> D and G : D->C such that
1) F is left adjoint to G
2) F is right adjoint to G
3) F is not an equivalence (ie F is not a quasi-inverse of ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

501 views

### Is there a monad on Set whose algebras are Tychonoff spaces?

Compact Hausdorff spaces are algebras of the ultrafilter monad on Set.
Is the category of Tychonoff spaces also monadic over Set?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### Fullness of pullback functor in algebraic geometry

Given $f:X\to Y$ a morphism of schemes (or stacks if it's not harder), I am interested in a geometric reformulation of the condition that the functor $f^*:D^b(Coh(Y))\to D^b(Coh(X))$ is full. I can ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### When does the sheaf direct image functor f_* have a right adjoint?

Say f: X → Y is a morphism of schemes. The sheaf direct image functor f★ always has a left adjoint, namely the sheaf inverse image functor f★ (with tensoring).
Under what (...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

940 views

### An elementary question about adjunctions between presheaf categories preserving pullbacks.

A functor $C \to D$ between categories induces a morphism of presheaf categories $Pre(D) \to Pre(C)$. This functor has a left adjoint given by left Kan extension and I am interested in knowing when ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

647 views

### Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Is every functor inducing a homotopy equivalence a composition of adjoint functors?

It was asked here whether every functor is a composition of adjoint functors. The answer is no, because all adjoint functors induce homotopy equivalences on the nerve, and we can construct functors ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### How to construct a free 2-group on a groupoid?

Let G
be a groupoid. I'm wondering how to construct the free 2-group on G.
By the free 2-group I mean a 2-group $\mathcal{F}\left(G\right)$
equipped with a functor $i:G\longrightarrow\mathcal{F}\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### The category of categories and adjunctions

What is known about the category that has small categories as objects and adjunctions as morphisms? Obviously, it has neither terminal nor initial objects. But what about other kinds of limits? Are ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### [Reference Request] The Definition of Adjoint Functors between dg-categories

Let $A$ and $B$ be two dg-categories, $F: A \rightarrow B$ and $G: B \rightarrow A$ are two functors. Then what is the definition that $F$ and $G$ form an adjoint pair?
In my mind $F\dashv G$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

322 views

### bar-cobar or cobar-bar

What is the standard or best reference for the adjointnes of bar and cobar constructions?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Exactness of an additive left Kan extension

Let $\phi:R\to S$ be a flat ring homomorphism and consider the induced adjoint pair
$$\phi_!:R-Mod\rightleftarrows S-Mod:\phi^*,$$
where $\phi_!=(S\otimes_R -)$. The right adjoint $\phi^*$ is easily ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

542 views

### Is there a free digraph associated to a graph?

A little bit of background: A graph G is, of course, a set of vertices V(G) and a multiset of edges, which are unordered pairs of (not necessarily distinct) vertices. We say that two vertices v_1, v_2 ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

815 views

### Proving the Special Adjoint Functor Theorem from the general Adjoint Functor Theorem

Often, when dealing with adjoint functor theorems, people go about proving each one separately, from first principles if you will (this is the course taken in MacLane). However, the names suggest ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Not quite adjoint functors

What are standard and/or natural examples of pairs of functors $F:C\leftrightarrows D:G$ and unnatural bijections $\hom_D(Fx,y)\to\hom_C(x,Gy)$ for all $x$ and $y$? Can one do this so that the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Uniqueness of $\infty$-adjoints

Adjoints in a 2-category are essentially unique, in the following strong sense. If $\mathbf{2}$ denotes the "walking arrow" category $(\cdot \to \cdot)$, then there is a 2-category $\mathrm{Adj}_1$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Uniqueness of lax 2-adjoints

In this nlab page there is defined the notion of a lax 2-adjoint. My question is to what extent would an adjoint of this type be unique?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

417 views

### Constructing pointwise Kan extensions as adjoints to some functor

Background
I'm working on formalizing some category theory in Coq at https://bitbucket.org/JasonGross/catdb. Currently, I'm in the process of formalizing pointwise Kan extensions. Partly because I'...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

877 views

### Kan extensions and the yoneda embedding.

[Edit: For a category $C$ let $C^\wedge$ denote the category of presheaves on $C$.]
Let $f:C\to D$ be a functor. Precomposition with $f^{op}$ induces a functor
$f^\wedge:D^\wedge \to C^\wedge$. This ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### On the barycentric subdivision of a poset

Hi everybody,
I'm interested in the barycentric subdivision of a poset $P$, defined as the face poset of the corresponding order complex $\mathcal F(\Delta(P))$ (or alternatively, the poset of chains ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Cofree Lie Coalgebra

I have problems finding anything about the cofree Lie coalgebra functor
$\mathcal{L}ie^c$ out there.
Basically all I found was that it appears in Harrison cohomology and that,
given a $\mathbb{Z}$-...

**3**

votes

**7**answers

611 views

### What is the “right” definition of the free abelian group on a set?

One way to define the free abelian group on a set $S$ is as $F(S) := \mbox{Hom}_{\text{Set}}(S, \mathbb{Z})$ with the group operation coming by composition with the map $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z} \...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

607 views

### Adjunctions: Algebras of the induced monad VS. Coalgebras of the induced comonad.

Given an adjunction, we get a monad on one side and a comonad on the other side. What is the connection between their algebra and coalgebra categories? Are they allways equivalent?
The example i have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Does the inclusion of presheaves into families of sets have a left adjoint?

Consider the inclusion of presheaves on $\mathbb{C}$ into families of sets indexed by $\mathbb{C}$-objects (which proceeds by forgetting the action on morphisms). Is there a left adjoint to this ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Why is $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ abelian? Does $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})\rightarrow Func(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ admit a left-adjoint?

What is the best way to show, that $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ is abelian, where $\mathcal{A}$ is an abelian category and $\mathcal{Ab}$ is the category of abelian groups from scratch?
There is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### A Question on Auto-Adjoint functors

Let $F: \mathscr{C}\to \mathscr{C}^{op}$, with an adjoint $G$, and $\eta: 1_\mathscr{C} \Rightarrow G\circ F $ and $\varepsilon: F\circ G\Rightarrow 1_{\mathscr{C}^{op}}$ with components (in $\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Left adjoint of pullback

In Awodey's Category Theory, p233 of 2nd ed. (or p205 of 1st ed.), he states:
Indeed, the UMP of pullbacks essentially states that composition along
any function α is left adjoint to pullback ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

471 views

### “adjoint” =?= “inverse of composite endofunctor is uniform bi-composition”

Understanding adjoints has always been (and continues to be) a bit of a struggle for me.
Today I stumbled upon a property of adjoint functors which seemed extremely intuitive to me. I was wondering ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### When are induction and coinduction of representations of Lie groups isomorphic? When they are compact? Semisimple?

This is in a sense a follow up on the popular question Induction and Coinduction of Representations, where this particular question is one of several points, and it is neglected.
It seems that the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Functoriality of the adjoint functor construction?

Say we have a category $\mathcal C$, and for every category $\mathcal A$, we have a category $\mathcal D_{\mathcal A}$ and a functor $F_{\mathcal A} : \mathcal D_{\mathcal A} \to \mathcal C$, and, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Categories where morphisms are pairs of adjoint functors

Is there a particular name for those categories (of categories) where morphisms "come as adjoint pairs", as in the case of toposes and model categories?
Is there any attempt to study them as general ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

832 views

### Adjunctions between derived functors

Given an adjunction $F\dashv G$ between functors between Abelian categories, we know that $F$ is right exact and $G$ is left exact so there are derived functors $LF$ and $RG$ between (bounded above, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Map of adjunctions

The following question must have been asked dozens of times, but I do not recall any non-trivial results.
Consider an adjoint square where the arrows indicate directions of $F, G, H, K$.
$\require{...