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55
votes
9answers
6k views

How do I check if a functor has a (left/right) adjoint?

Because adjoint functors are just cool, and knowing that a pair of functors is an adjoint pair gives you a bunch of information from generalized abstract nonsense, I often find myself saying, "Hey, ...
28
votes
5answers
3k views

What is an intuitive view of adjoints? (version 1: category theory)

In trying to think of an intuitive answer to a question on adjoints, I realised that I didn't have a nice conceptual understanding of what an adjoint pair actually is. I know the definition (several ...
27
votes
4answers
2k views

Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background: (1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...
26
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...
23
votes
2answers
797 views

Properties of functors and their adjoints

I am interested in collecting in this question a list of properties a functor $F$ may have and what those properties imply for left and right adjoints, $F^L$ and $F^R$, assuming they exist. There are ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Is every functor a composition of adjoint functors?

My understanding of Ben's answer to this question is that even though associated graded is not an adjoint functor, it's not too bad because it is a composition of a right adjoint and a left adjoint. ...
19
votes
2answers
955 views

When and why do universal objects have extra properties?

I'm interested in situations where universal objects come with more structure than their definitions suggest. A classic case of this is where the free abelian group on one element has a ring ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

Does the forgetful functor {Hopf Algebras}→{Algebras} have a right adjoint?

(Alternate title: Find the Adjoint: Hopf Algebra edition) I was chatting with Jonah about his question Hopf algebra structure on $\prod_n A^{\otimes n}$ for an algebra $A$. It's very closely related ...
14
votes
1answer
352 views

Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar adjunction

I've been trying to read Jacob Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar constructions (Higher algebra §5.2 in the 2014-09 version) but I don't recognize what I know about these constructions. I wonder if ...
14
votes
2answers
995 views

What's an example of an “adjunction up to adjunction”?

(There are several dialects of 2-categorical language. Mine is the one where everything is weak by default. You might need to insert the word "weak" or "pseudo" (or even "strong", if your default is ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Can adjoint linear transformations be naturally realized as adjoint functors?

Last week Yan Zhang asked me the following: is there a way to realize vector spaces as categories so that adjoint functors between pairs of vector spaces become adjoint linear operators in the usual ...
11
votes
3answers
577 views

Iterated adjoint functors

Let $F_0 : C \to D$ be a functor. If it exists, let $G_0 : D \to C$ be its left adjoint. If it exists, let $F_1 : C \to D$ be its left adjoint. And so forth. In situations where the infinite ...
11
votes
3answers
484 views

Is every saft category cocomplete?

Here is a word that I think should be adopted by the category theorists. (If there is another synonymous word already in existence, please let me know.) Definition: A category $C$ is saft if every ...
11
votes
3answers
530 views

Can different modules have the same symmetric algebra? (answered: no)

Algebraic geometry allows one to think of an $A$-module $M$ geometrically as a module of functions on the $A$-scheme $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathrm{Sym}(M))$. I'm wondering if anything is lost in just ...
10
votes
3answers
396 views

Is there a monad on Set whose algebras are Tychonoff spaces?

Compact Hausdorff spaces are algebras of the ultrafilter monad on Set. Is the category of Tychonoff spaces also monadic over Set?
10
votes
1answer
393 views

Fullness of pullback functor in algebraic geometry

Given $f:X\to Y$ a morphism of schemes (or stacks if it's not harder), I am interested in a geometric reformulation of the condition that the functor $f^*:D^b(Coh(Y))\to D^b(Coh(X))$ is full. I can ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Is a functor which has a left adjoint which is also its right adjoint an equivalence ?

I am looking for a counter-example of two functors F : C -> D and G : D->C such that 1) F is left adjoint to G 2) F is right adjoint to G 3) F is not an equivalence (ie F is not a quasi-inverse of ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

When does the sheaf direct image functor f_* have a right adjoint?

Say f: X → Y is a morphism of schemes. The sheaf direct image functor f★ always has a left adjoint, namely the sheaf inverse image functor f★ (with tensoring). Under what ...
7
votes
1answer
299 views

Is every functor inducing a homotopy equivalence a composition of adjoint functors?

It was asked here whether every functor is a composition of adjoint functors. The answer is no, because all adjoint functors induce homotopy equivalences on the nerve, and we can construct functors ...
7
votes
2answers
763 views

An elementary question about adjunctions between presheaf categories preserving pullbacks.

A functor $C \to D$ between categories induces a morphism of presheaf categories $Pre(D) \to Pre(C)$. This functor has a left adjoint given by left Kan extension and I am interested in knowing when ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

The category of categories and adjunctions

What is known about the category that has small categories as objects and adjunctions as morphisms? Obviously, it has neither terminal nor initial objects. But what about other kinds of limits? Are ...
7
votes
0answers
299 views

bar-cobar or cobar-bar

What is the standard or best reference for the adjointnes of bar and cobar constructions?
6
votes
2answers
185 views

Exactness of an additive left Kan extension

Let $\phi:R\to S$ be a flat ring homomorphism and consider the induced adjoint pair $$\phi_!:R-Mod\rightleftarrows S-Mod:\phi^*,$$ where $\phi_!=(S\otimes_R -)$. The right adjoint $\phi^*$ is easily ...
6
votes
1answer
303 views

[Reference Request] The Definition of Adjoint Functors between dg-categories

Let $A$ and $B$ be two dg-categories, $F: A \rightarrow B$ and $G: B \rightarrow A$ are two functors. Then what is the definition that $F$ and $G$ form an adjoint pair? In my mind $F\dashv G$ ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Not quite adjoint functors

What are standard and/or natural examples of pairs of functors $F:C\leftrightarrows D:G$ and unnatural bijections $\hom_D(Fx,y)\to\hom_C(x,Gy)$ for all $x$ and $y$? Can one do this so that the ...
5
votes
1answer
390 views

Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...
5
votes
0answers
308 views

Constructing pointwise Kan extensions as adjoints to some functor

Background I'm working on formalizing some category theory in Coq at https://bitbucket.org/JasonGross/catdb. Currently, I'm in the process of formalizing pointwise Kan extensions. Partly because ...
4
votes
4answers
765 views

Kan extensions and the yoneda embedding.

[Edit: For a category $C$ let $C^\wedge$ denote the category of presheaves on $C$.] Let $f:C\to D$ be a functor. Precomposition with $f^{op}$ induces a functor $f^\wedge:D^\wedge \to C^\wedge$. This ...
4
votes
2answers
445 views

Is there a free digraph associated to a graph?

A little bit of background: A graph G is, of course, a set of vertices V(G) and a multiset of edges, which are unordered pairs of (not necessarily distinct) vertices. We say that two vertices v_1, v_2 ...
4
votes
1answer
323 views

On the barycentric subdivision of a poset

Hi everybody, I'm interested in the barycentric subdivision of a poset $P$, defined as the face poset of the corresponding order complex $\mathcal F(\Delta(P))$ (or alternatively, the poset of chains ...
4
votes
0answers
726 views

Proving the Special Adjoint Functor Theorem from the general Adjoint Functor Theorem

Often, when dealing with adjoint functor theorems, people go about proving each one separately, from first principles if you will (this is the course taken in MacLane). However, the names suggest ...
3
votes
7answers
563 views

What is the “right” definition of the free abelian group on a set?

One way to define the free abelian group on a set $S$ is as $F(S) := \mbox{Hom}_{\text{Set}}(S, \mathbb{Z})$ with the group operation coming by composition with the map $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z} ...
3
votes
1answer
530 views

Adjunctions: Algebras of the induced monad VS. Coalgebras of the induced comonad.

Given an adjunction, we get a monad on one side and a comonad on the other side. What is the connection between their algebra and coalgebra categories? Are they allways equivalent? The example i have ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

Why is $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ abelian? Does $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})\rightarrow Func(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ admit a left-adjoint?

What is the best way to show, that $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ is abelian, where $\mathcal{A}$ is an abelian category and $\mathcal{Ab}$ is the category of abelian groups from scratch? There is ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

A Question on Auto-Adjoint functors

Let $F: \mathscr{C}\to \mathscr{C}^{op}$, with an adjoint $G$, and $\eta: 1_\mathscr{C} \Rightarrow G\circ F $ and $\varepsilon: F\circ G\Rightarrow 1_{\mathscr{C}^{op}}$ with components (in ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

How to construct a free 2-group on a groupoid?

Let G be a groupoid. I'm wondering how to construct the free 2-group on G. By the free 2-group I mean a 2-group $\mathcal{F}\left(G\right)$ equipped with a functor ...
3
votes
1answer
438 views

“adjoint” =?= “inverse of composite endofunctor is uniform bi-composition”

Understanding adjoints has always been (and continues to be) a bit of a struggle for me. Today I stumbled upon a property of adjoint functors which seemed extremely intuitive to me. I was wondering ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Functoriality of the adjoint functor construction?

Say we have a category $\mathcal C$, and for every category $\mathcal A$, we have a category $\mathcal D_{\mathcal A}$ and a functor $F_{\mathcal A} : \mathcal D_{\mathcal A} \to \mathcal C$, and, ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

When are induction and coinduction of representations of Lie groups isomorphic? When they are compact? Semisimple?

This is in a sense a follow up on the popular question Induction and Coinduction of Representations, where this particular question is one of several points, and it is neglected. It seems that the ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Categories where morphisms are pairs of adjoint functors

Is there a particular name for those categories (of categories) where morphisms "come as adjoint pairs", as in the case of toposes and model categories? Is there any attempt to study them as general ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Map of adjunctions

The following question must have been asked dozens of times, but I do not recall any non-trivial results. Consider an adjoint square where the arrows indicate directions of $F, G, H, K$. ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Cofree Lie Coalgebra

I have problems finding anything about the cofree Lie coalgebra functor $\mathcal{L}ie^c$ out there. Basically all I found was that it appears in Harrison cohomology and that, given a ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

Do generalizations of adjoint functors, such as adjunctions in 2-categories, and multivariable adjunctions, have formulations in terms of something like universal morphisms?

I recently learned about two-variable adjunctions and multi-variable adjunctions, and about adjunctions in 2-categories. The nCatLab page on two-variable adjunctions talks about how to go from the ...
2
votes
1answer
792 views

Left adjoint Grp->Set??

Was wondering if someone could help. I am just about getting to grips with cateogry theory and adjoints. I have a query though, reading through some material. Does the forgetful functor from the ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

Reference request: 2-Monads and 2-Adjunctions

Given a category $\mathcal C$ together with a monad $T$ on $\mathcal C$, we get an adjunction $$\mathcal C^T(T-,-)\cong \mathcal C(-,\mathrm{For}-).$$ Is the same true for 2-monads on a 2-category?
2
votes
1answer
202 views

A Criterion for a morphism to be a counit of an Adjunction

Suppose we have two functors $F:C\leftrightarrow D:G$ and a morphism $\varepsilon:FG\rightarrow\operatorname{Id}_D$. I am looking for a way to check whether $\varepsilon$ is the counit of an ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Simple technical adjunction question

Suppose $F,G$ are adjoint, and $\epsilon:F\circ G\rightarrow Id$ is the counit. Is it always true that$$ Id_{FG}\epsilon=\epsilon Id_{FG} $$ as maps from $FGFG$ to $FG$? It's true if you precompose ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Is there an analog of adjoint functor theorem for adjunctions of two variables?

Let $L:\mathscr A \times \mathscr B \longrightarrow \mathscr C$ and $R_1:\mathscr B^{op} \times \mathscr C \longrightarrow \mathscr A$ be two functors such that there is a bijection $$ \mathscr ...
2
votes
3answers
514 views

How to construct pair of adjoint functors from category A to category A_D(category of diagrams)

I wonder whether following statements holds If A is an abelian category(or quasi abelian category) having enough projectives, then category of pointed diagram(which means diagram has final object,or ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

admissible subcategories over non algebraically closed fields

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field $k$ and $D^b(X)$ its bounded derived category. Let $\bar{X}$ the base change to $\bar{k}$. Let $A$ be a triangulated subcategory of $D^b(X)$ that ...