# Tagged Questions

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### How do I check if a functor has a (left/right) adjoint?

Because adjoint functors are just cool, and knowing that a pair of functors is an adjoint pair gives you a bunch of information from generalized abstract nonsense, I often find myself saying, "Hey, ...
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### What is an intuitive view of adjoints? (version 1: category theory)

In trying to think of an intuitive answer to a question on adjoints, I realised that I didn't have a nice conceptual understanding of what an adjoint pair actually is. I know the definition (several ...
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### Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...
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### Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background: (1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...
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### Properties of functors and their adjoints

I am interested in collecting in this question a list of properties a functor $F$ may have and what those properties imply for left and right adjoints, $F^L$ and $F^R$, assuming they exist. There are ...
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### Examples of categorical adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, and differential geometry?

In introductory texts on category theory, it seems like the majority of examples come from algebraic topology, algebra, and logic. Are there any good examples of adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, ...
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### Are there non-trivial infinite chains of adjoint functors?

There are self-adjoint functors $A \dashv A$. There are also functors $A$ that are both left- and right-adjoint to another functor $B$. $$A \dashv B \dashv A$$ There are also finite cyclic chains of ...
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### Is every functor a composition of adjoint functors?

My understanding of Ben's answer to this question is that even though associated graded is not an adjoint functor, it's not too bad because it is a composition of a right adjoint and a left adjoint. ...
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### When and why do universal objects have extra properties?

I'm interested in situations where universal objects come with more structure than their definitions suggest. A classic case of this is where the free abelian group on one element has a ring structure....
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### Does the forgetful functor {Hopf Algebras}→{Algebras} have a right adjoint?

(Alternate title: Find the Adjoint: Hopf Algebra edition) I was chatting with Jonah about his question Hopf algebra structure on $\prod_n A^{\otimes n}$ for an algebra $A$. It's very closely related ...
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### Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar adjunction

I've been trying to read Jacob Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar constructions (Higher algebra §5.2 in the 2014-09 version) but I don't recognize what I know about these constructions. I wonder if ...
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### What's an example of an “adjunction up to adjunction”?

(There are several dialects of 2-categorical language. Mine is the one where everything is weak by default. You might need to insert the word "weak" or "pseudo" (or even "strong", if your default is ...
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### Can adjoint linear transformations be naturally realized as adjoint functors?

Last week Yan Zhang asked me the following: is there a way to realize vector spaces as categories so that adjoint functors between pairs of vector spaces become adjoint linear operators in the usual ...
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### Iterated adjoint functors

Let $F_0 : C \to D$ be a functor. If it exists, let $G_0 : D \to C$ be its left adjoint. If it exists, let $F_1 : C \to D$ be its left adjoint. And so forth. In situations where the infinite ...
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### Verifying that $\epsilon^!$ is indeed the right adjoint of $\epsilon_*$ in the context of algebraic stacks

The question is about the last paragraph of Remark 12.4.3 in the book on algebraic stacks by Laumon and Moret-Bailly. Let $S$ be a (quasi-separated) scheme and let $\mathscr{X}$ be an algebraic stack ...
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### Is every saft category cocomplete?

Here is a word that I think should be adopted by the category theorists. (If there is another synonymous word already in existence, please let me know.) Definition: A category $C$ is saft if every ...
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### Can different modules have the same symmetric algebra? (answered: no)

Algebraic geometry allows one to think of an $A$-module $M$ geometrically as a module of functions on the $A$-scheme $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathrm{Sym}(M))$. I'm wondering if anything is lost in just ...
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### Is a functor which has a left adjoint which is also its right adjoint an equivalence ?

I am looking for a counter-example of two functors F : C -> D and G : D->C such that 1) F is left adjoint to G 2) F is right adjoint to G 3) F is not an equivalence (ie F is not a quasi-inverse of ...
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### Is there a monad on Set whose algebras are Tychonoff spaces?

Compact Hausdorff spaces are algebras of the ultrafilter monad on Set. Is the category of Tychonoff spaces also monadic over Set?
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### Fullness of pullback functor in algebraic geometry

Given $f:X\to Y$ a morphism of schemes (or stacks if it's not harder), I am interested in a geometric reformulation of the condition that the functor $f^*:D^b(Coh(Y))\to D^b(Coh(X))$ is full. I can ...
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### When does the sheaf direct image functor f_* have a right adjoint?

Say f: X → Y is a morphism of schemes. The sheaf direct image functor f★ always has a left adjoint, namely the sheaf inverse image functor f★ (with tensoring). Under what (...
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### An elementary question about adjunctions between presheaf categories preserving pullbacks.

A functor $C \to D$ between categories induces a morphism of presheaf categories $Pre(D) \to Pre(C)$. This functor has a left adjoint given by left Kan extension and I am interested in knowing when ...
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### Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...
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### Is every functor inducing a homotopy equivalence a composition of adjoint functors?

It was asked here whether every functor is a composition of adjoint functors. The answer is no, because all adjoint functors induce homotopy equivalences on the nerve, and we can construct functors ...
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### Adjunctions: Algebras of the induced monad VS. Coalgebras of the induced comonad.

Given an adjunction, we get a monad on one side and a comonad on the other side. What is the connection between their algebra and coalgebra categories? Are they allways equivalent? The example i have ...
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### Does the inclusion of presheaves into families of sets have a left adjoint?

Consider the inclusion of presheaves on $\mathbb{C}$ into families of sets indexed by $\mathbb{C}$-objects (which proceeds by forgetting the action on morphisms). Is there a left adjoint to this ...
### Why is $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ abelian? Does $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})\rightarrow Func(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ admit a left-adjoint?
What is the best way to show, that $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ is abelian, where $\mathcal{A}$ is an abelian category and $\mathcal{Ab}$ is the category of abelian groups from scratch? There is ...