The adjoint-functors tag has no usage guidance.

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### How do I check if a functor has a (left/right) adjoint?

Because adjoint functors are just cool, and knowing that a pair of functors is an adjoint pair gives you a bunch of information from generalized abstract nonsense, I often find myself saying, "Hey, ...

**38**

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**5**answers

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### What is an intuitive view of adjoints? (version 1: category theory)

In trying to think of an intuitive answer to a question on adjoints, I realised that I didn't have a nice conceptual understanding of what an adjoint pair actually is.
I know the definition (several ...

**29**

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**5**answers

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### Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...

**29**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background:
(1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

996 views

### Properties of functors and their adjoints

I am interested in collecting in this question a list of properties a functor $F$ may have and what those properties imply for left and right adjoints, $F^L$ and $F^R$, assuming they exist. There are ...

**22**

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**10**answers

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### Examples of categorical adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, and differential geometry?

In introductory texts on category theory, it seems like the majority of examples come from algebraic topology, algebra, and logic. Are there any good examples of adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, ...

**20**

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**2**answers

2k views

### Is every functor a composition of adjoint functors?

My understanding of Ben's answer to this question is that even though associated graded is not an adjoint functor, it's not too bad because it is a composition of a right adjoint and a left adjoint.
...

**20**

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**2**answers

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### When and why do universal objects have extra properties?

I'm interested in situations where universal objects come with more structure than their definitions suggest. A classic case of this is where the free abelian group on one element has a ring ...

**18**

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**4**answers

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### Does the forgetful functor {Hopf Algebras}→{Algebras} have a right adjoint?

(Alternate title: Find the Adjoint: Hopf Algebra edition)
I was chatting with Jonah about his question Hopf algebra structure on $\prod_n A^{\otimes n}$ for an algebra $A$. It's very closely related ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar adjunction

I've been trying to read Jacob Lurie's approach to the bar-cobar constructions (Higher algebra §5.2 in the 2014-09 version) but I don't recognize what I know about these constructions. I wonder if ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

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### What's an example of an “adjunction up to adjunction”?

(There are several dialects of 2-categorical language. Mine is the one where everything is weak by default. You might need to insert the word "weak" or "pseudo" (or even "strong", if your default is ...

**13**

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**6**answers

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### Can adjoint linear transformations be naturally realized as adjoint functors?

Last week Yan Zhang asked me the following: is there a way to realize vector spaces as categories so that adjoint functors between pairs of vector spaces become adjoint linear operators in the usual ...

**12**

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**1**answer

350 views

### Verifying that $\epsilon^!$ is indeed the right adjoint of $\epsilon_*$ in the context of algebraic stacks

The question is about the last paragraph of Remark 12.4.3 in the book on algebraic stacks by Laumon and Moret-Bailly.
Let $S$ be a (quasi-separated) scheme and let $\mathscr{X}$ be an algebraic stack ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

615 views

### Iterated adjoint functors

Let $F_0 : C \to D$ be a functor. If it exists, let $G_0 : D \to C$ be its left adjoint. If it exists, let $F_1 : C \to D$ be its left adjoint. And so forth. In situations where the infinite ...

**11**

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**3**answers

525 views

### Is every saft category cocomplete?

Here is a word that I think should be adopted by the category theorists. (If there is another synonymous word already in existence, please let me know.)
Definition: A category $C$ is saft if every ...

**11**

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**3**answers

537 views

### Can different modules have the same symmetric algebra? (answered: no)

Algebraic geometry allows one to think of an $A$-module $M$ geometrically as a module of functions on the $A$-scheme $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathrm{Sym}(M))$.
I'm wondering if anything is lost in just ...

**10**

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**5**answers

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### Is a functor which has a left adjoint which is also its right adjoint an equivalence ?

I am looking for a counter-example of two functors F : C -> D and G : D->C such that
1) F is left adjoint to G
2) F is right adjoint to G
3) F is not an equivalence (ie F is not a quasi-inverse of ...

**10**

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**3**answers

494 views

### Is there a monad on Set whose algebras are Tychonoff spaces?

Compact Hausdorff spaces are algebras of the ultrafilter monad on Set.
Is the category of Tychonoff spaces also monadic over Set?

**10**

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**1**answer

477 views

### Fullness of pullback functor in algebraic geometry

Given $f:X\to Y$ a morphism of schemes (or stacks if it's not harder), I am interested in a geometric reformulation of the condition that the functor $f^*:D^b(Coh(Y))\to D^b(Coh(X))$ is full. I can ...

**9**

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**4**answers

2k views

### When does the sheaf direct image functor f_* have a right adjoint?

Say f: X → Y is a morphism of schemes. The sheaf direct image functor f★ always has a left adjoint, namely the sheaf inverse image functor f★ (with tensoring).
Under what ...

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votes

**2**answers

920 views

### An elementary question about adjunctions between presheaf categories preserving pullbacks.

A functor $C \to D$ between categories induces a morphism of presheaf categories $Pre(D) \to Pre(C)$. This functor has a left adjoint given by left Kan extension and I am interested in knowing when ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...

**7**

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**1**answer

338 views

### Is every functor inducing a homotopy equivalence a composition of adjoint functors?

It was asked here whether every functor is a composition of adjoint functors. The answer is no, because all adjoint functors induce homotopy equivalences on the nerve, and we can construct functors ...

**7**

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**2**answers

308 views

### How to construct a free 2-group on a groupoid?

Let G
be a groupoid. I'm wondering how to construct the free 2-group on G.
By the free 2-group I mean a 2-group $\mathcal{F}\left(G\right)$
equipped with a functor ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### The category of categories and adjunctions

What is known about the category that has small categories as objects and adjunctions as morphisms? Obviously, it has neither terminal nor initial objects. But what about other kinds of limits? Are ...

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**0**answers

319 views

### bar-cobar or cobar-bar

What is the standard or best reference for the adjointnes of bar and cobar constructions?

**6**

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**2**answers

260 views

### Exactness of an additive left Kan extension

Let $\phi:R\to S$ be a flat ring homomorphism and consider the induced adjoint pair
$$\phi_!:R-Mod\rightleftarrows S-Mod:\phi^*,$$
where $\phi_!=(S\otimes_R -)$. The right adjoint $\phi^*$ is easily ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

538 views

### Is there a free digraph associated to a graph?

A little bit of background: A graph G is, of course, a set of vertices V(G) and a multiset of edges, which are unordered pairs of (not necessarily distinct) vertices. We say that two vertices v_1, v_2 ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### [Reference Request] The Definition of Adjoint Functors between dg-categories

Let $A$ and $B$ be two dg-categories, $F: A \rightarrow B$ and $G: B \rightarrow A$ are two functors. Then what is the definition that $F$ and $G$ form an adjoint pair?
In my mind $F\dashv G$ ...

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### Proving the Special Adjoint Functor Theorem from the general Adjoint Functor Theorem

Often, when dealing with adjoint functor theorems, people go about proving each one separately, from first principles if you will (this is the course taken in MacLane). However, the names suggest ...

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**1**answer

314 views

### Not quite adjoint functors

What are standard and/or natural examples of pairs of functors $F:C\leftrightarrows D:G$ and unnatural bijections $\hom_D(Fx,y)\to\hom_C(x,Gy)$ for all $x$ and $y$? Can one do this so that the ...

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**1**answer

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### Uniqueness of $\infty$-adjoints

Adjoints in a 2-category are essentially unique, in the following strong sense. If $\mathbf{2}$ denotes the "walking arrow" category $(\cdot \to \cdot)$, then there is a 2-category $\mathrm{Adj}_1$ ...

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### Uniqueness of lax 2-adjoints

In this nlab page there is defined the notion of a lax 2-adjoint. My question is to what extent would an adjoint of this type be unique?

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### Constructing pointwise Kan extensions as adjoints to some functor

Background
I'm working on formalizing some category theory in Coq at https://bitbucket.org/JasonGross/catdb. Currently, I'm in the process of formalizing pointwise Kan extensions. Partly because ...

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votes

**4**answers

869 views

### Kan extensions and the yoneda embedding.

[Edit: For a category $C$ let $C^\wedge$ denote the category of presheaves on $C$.]
Let $f:C\to D$ be a functor. Precomposition with $f^{op}$ induces a functor
$f^\wedge:D^\wedge \to C^\wedge$. This ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

360 views

### On the barycentric subdivision of a poset

Hi everybody,
I'm interested in the barycentric subdivision of a poset $P$, defined as the face poset of the corresponding order complex $\mathcal F(\Delta(P))$ (or alternatively, the poset of chains ...

**4**

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**0**answers

107 views

### Cofree Lie Coalgebra

I have problems finding anything about the cofree Lie coalgebra functor
$\mathcal{L}ie^c$ out there.
Basically all I found was that it appears in Harrison cohomology and that,
given a ...

**3**

votes

**7**answers

607 views

### What is the “right” definition of the free abelian group on a set?

One way to define the free abelian group on a set $S$ is as $F(S) := \mbox{Hom}_{\text{Set}}(S, \mathbb{Z})$ with the group operation coming by composition with the map $\mathbb{Z} \times \mathbb{Z} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

594 views

### Adjunctions: Algebras of the induced monad VS. Coalgebras of the induced comonad.

Given an adjunction, we get a monad on one side and a comonad on the other side. What is the connection between their algebra and coalgebra categories? Are they allways equivalent?
The example i have ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

366 views

### Why is $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ abelian? Does $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})\rightarrow Func(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ admit a left-adjoint?

What is the best way to show, that $Lex(\mathcal{A},\mathcal{Ab})$ is abelian, where $\mathcal{A}$ is an abelian category and $\mathcal{Ab}$ is the category of abelian groups from scratch?
There is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### A Question on Auto-Adjoint functors

Let $F: \mathscr{C}\to \mathscr{C}^{op}$, with an adjoint $G$, and $\eta: 1_\mathscr{C} \Rightarrow G\circ F $ and $\varepsilon: F\circ G\Rightarrow 1_{\mathscr{C}^{op}}$ with components (in ...

**3**

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**1**answer

156 views

### Left adjoint of pullback

In Awodey's Category Theory, p233 of 2nd ed. (or p205 of 1st ed.), he states:
Indeed, the UMP of pullbacks essentially states that composition along
any function α is left adjoint to pullback ...

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votes

**1**answer

470 views

### “adjoint” =?= “inverse of composite endofunctor is uniform bi-composition”

Understanding adjoints has always been (and continues to be) a bit of a struggle for me.
Today I stumbled upon a property of adjoint functors which seemed extremely intuitive to me. I was wondering ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### When are induction and coinduction of representations of Lie groups isomorphic? When they are compact? Semisimple?

This is in a sense a follow up on the popular question Induction and Coinduction of Representations, where this particular question is one of several points, and it is neglected.
It seems that the ...

**3**

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**1**answer

207 views

### Functoriality of the adjoint functor construction?

Say we have a category $\mathcal C$, and for every category $\mathcal A$, we have a category $\mathcal D_{\mathcal A}$ and a functor $F_{\mathcal A} : \mathcal D_{\mathcal A} \to \mathcal C$, and, ...

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**1**answer

263 views

### Categories where morphisms are pairs of adjoint functors

Is there a particular name for those categories (of categories) where morphisms "come as adjoint pairs", as in the case of toposes and model categories?
Is there any attempt to study them as general ...

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**1**answer

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### Adjunctions between derived functors

Given an adjunction $F\dashv G$ between functors between Abelian categories, we know that $F$ is right exact and $G$ is left exact so there are derived functors $LF$ and $RG$ between (bounded above, ...

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### Map of adjunctions

The following question must have been asked dozens of times, but I do not recall any non-trivial results.
Consider an adjoint square where the arrows indicate directions of $F, G, H, K$.
...

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### Do generalizations of adjoint functors, such as adjunctions in 2-categories, and multivariable adjunctions, have formulations in terms of something like universal morphisms?

I recently learned about two-variable adjunctions and multi-variable adjunctions, and about adjunctions in 2-categories. The nCatLab page on two-variable adjunctions talks about how to go from the ...

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**2**answers

198 views

### Question about Enriched Categories and Functors

How would one describe the process of enriching a category C over some monoidal category D? Is there some functor between them that adds structure to the hom-sets?