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### Does a scheme have a “separification”?

Background:
(1) If C and D are categories and there is a forgetful functor U:C→D, then a C-ification functor F:D→C is an adjoint to U. For example, the (left) adjoint to the forgetful ...

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### Exactness of an additive left Kan extension

Let $\phi:R\to S$ be a flat ring homomorphism and consider the induced adjoint pair
$$\phi_!:R-Mod\rightleftarrows S-Mod:\phi^*,$$
where $\phi_!=(S\otimes_R -)$. The right adjoint $\phi^*$ is easily ...

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### Another adjoint pair: Definable sets and set-builder formulas

I see adjointness between the two concepts of "being a definable set" and "being a set-builder formula":
A set $X$ is definable when there is a formula $\phi(x)$ such that $X = \lbrace x : \phi(...