Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

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62
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4k views

A short proof for $\dim(R[T])=\dim(R)+1$

For a commutative ring $R$ we clearly have $\dim(R[T]) \geq \dim(R)+1$. If $R$ is noetherian, we have equality. Every proof I'm aware of uses quite a bit of commutative algebra and non-trivial ...
30
votes
0answers
709 views

Enriched Categories: Ideals/Submodules and algebraic geometry

While working through Atiyah/MacDonald for my final exams I realized the following: The category(poset) of ideals $I(A)$ of a commutative ring A is a closed symmetric monoidal category if endowed ...
16
votes
0answers
261 views

Deforming a basis of a polynomial ring

The ring $Symm$ of symmetric functions in infinitely many variables is well-known to be a polynomial ring in the elementary symmetric functions, and has a $\mathbb Z$-basis of Schur functions ...
16
votes
0answers
1k views

Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber (see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975) http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf 1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...
15
votes
0answers
320 views

Are dualizable modules finitely generated?

Let $A$ be a commutative noetherian ring, and assume that $A$ has a dualizing complex $R$. Let $D(-) := \operatorname{RHom}_A(-,R)$ be the associated dualizing functor, and let $M$ be an $A$-module. ...
14
votes
0answers
477 views

Bloch-Kato conjecture and Wiles' numerical criterion

I already asked this question some days ago on http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/158747/bloch-kato-conjecture-and-wiles-numerical-criterion but didn't receive any response. In the introduction ...
14
votes
0answers
392 views

Refinement of concept of support of a module

My rings are commutative and noetherian. The support of a module is usually defined to be the set of prime ideals of the ring such that localization at that prime does not make the module zero. This ...
13
votes
0answers
247 views

What are retracts of polynomial rings?

Is there a known example of a ring endomorphism $f: \mathbb{Z}[x_1, \ldots, x_n] \to \mathbb{Z}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that $f \circ f = f$ but whose image is not isomorphic to a polynomial ring? ...
13
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0answers
436 views

How many ways can one cover $\mathbb Q_p$ with the images of polynomials?

Define a finite set of polynomials over a field $K$ to cover $K$ if the images of the polynomials, viewed as functions from $K$ to itself, have union the whole set. Define a minimal cover to be a ...
13
votes
0answers
610 views

Countable Hom/Ext implies finitely generated

Today I learned this interesting fact from Jerry Kaminker: If $A$ is an abelian group such that $\mathrm{Hom}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ and $\mathrm{Ext}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ are both countably generated, then in fact ...
12
votes
0answers
711 views

Frobenius upper shriek/flat of a dualizing complex

Let $X$ be a separated connected scheme of characteristic $p > 0$. I am going to assume that $F : X \to X$ (the absolute Frobenius) is a finite map. This condition is called being $F$-finite. ...
12
votes
0answers
447 views

A commutative monoid associated with a finite abelian group

Let $M$ be a finite abelian group, and denote by $e_m$, for $m \in M$, the canonical basis of $\mathbb{Z}^M$. For $m, n \in M$ define elements $v_{m,n} \in \mathbb{Z}^M/\langle e_0\rangle$ as $$ ...
11
votes
0answers
342 views

(When) is isomorphism on differentials enough to guarantee that a map is étale?

I'm sorry if this is too easy for MO. Let $S$ be a locally noetherian scheme, flat over $\mathrm{Spec}\,\mathbb{Z}$, $X$ and $Y$ be flat $S$-schemes locally of finite presentation, and let $f:X\to Y$ ...
11
votes
0answers
1k views

Reverse mathematics strength of identically zero polynomials are the zero polynomial

According to wikipedia, the statement "every polynomial over a countable field that is not the zero polynomial has only finitely many roots" is equivalent to RCA0 over RCA0* (which is called ERCA-0 in ...
11
votes
0answers
780 views

monomorphisms and epimorphisms of local rings

I want to understand the structure of monomorphisms/epimorphisms in the category of local rings (with local homomorphisms), or dually in the category of local schemes. Let $LR$ denote this category. ...
10
votes
0answers
211 views

comparison of completion and Henselization in class field theory

Given a ring $R$ with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, we can form the localization $R_\mathfrak{m}$, the completion $\hat{R}_\mathfrak{m}$ or the Henselization $\hat{R}^h_\mathfrak{m}$ of $R$ with ...
10
votes
0answers
367 views

What is the state of art in Groebner bases

How big polynomial systems can we deal with? How do you know when you don't even have to try? Motivation: Recently I tried to solve a problem posed in another MO question and ultimately I got stuck ...
10
votes
0answers
255 views

Subrings of invariants in divided power algebras

I am wondering to what extent the functors "ring of invariants under a group action $G$" and "divided power envelope with respect to a $G$-stable ideal" commute. To be precise, let $R$ be a ...
9
votes
0answers
140 views

Why would we a priori expect $V(I)$ to satisfy axioms to define the closed sets for a topology on $\text{Proj}(S)$?

Reposted from math.stackexchange here. The topological space $\text{Proj}(S)$ has the underlying set$$\text{Proj}(S) = \{\mathfrak{p} \text{ a homogeneous prime such that }S_+ \not\subseteq ...
9
votes
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199 views

Kähler differentials, intuition behind $\text{div}(\omega)$, canonical divisor on algebraic curves?

See my two previous questions here: Intuition for thinking about R-module of Kähler differentials, universal receptacles, derivations? and Kähler differentials, define valuation? for background. If ...
9
votes
0answers
137 views

Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...
9
votes
0answers
348 views

What is a good introduction to cluster algebras from surfaces?

What is a good reference for cluster algebras from surfaces, with a view to their connection to Teichmuller theory? In my view, that means it should start off with unpunctured surfaces (and in ...
9
votes
0answers
144 views

How useful is knowing every torsionfree $\mathcal O(D)$ module is flat?

One of the corollaries of Weiertrass' factorization theorem plus the theorem of Mittag Leffler is that $\mathcal O(\Bbb C)$, more generally $\mathcal O(D)$ for some region $D$ is such that every ...
9
votes
0answers
198 views

Is the generation of rings by their units a question in K-theory?

Susan's question When can number rings be spanned (as $\mathbb{Z}$-modules) by units? smells like an algebraic K-theory question in disguise. I'll reformulate the question first: Given an integral ...
9
votes
0answers
188 views

Smallest class of rings closed under familiar operations

Suppose I start out with the ring $\mathbb{Z}$, and call $\mathcal{C}$ the smallest collection of (commutative, unital) rings closed under the following list of operations (which I am aware has some ...
9
votes
0answers
135 views

Diameter of simplicial complex mirrored in property of Stanley-Reisner ring?

Consider a pure finite abstract simplicial complex $\Delta$. Define its diameter as the maximal distance between any two facets, i.e., between any two faces of maximal dimension $d-1$. The distance ...
9
votes
0answers
392 views

Are the supports of $Ext^i(M,N)$ eventually periodic?

Let $R$ be a Noetherian, commutative ring and $M,N$ be finitely generated $R$-modules. Question: Do the sets of minimal primes of $\text{Ext}^i_R(M,N)$ (for a fixed pair of $M,N$) become periodic ...
9
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0answers
231 views

Krull rings and determinantal invariants

During another attempt to come to grips with Hillman's excellent book Algebraic Invariants of Links, I am having difficulty figuring out why Krull rings are the setting for Chapter 3- the natural ...
8
votes
0answers
150 views

$A$-module is free if and only if equation involving Hilbert-Poincaré series holds, $M$ infinitely generated case

See my question here. Let $A = \oplus_{i \ge 0} A_i$ be a nonnegatively graded commutative algebra and $M$ a nonnegatively graded $A$-module. Assume in addition that $A_0 = k$ and all vector ...
8
votes
0answers
456 views

What is the etale fundamental group of Spec Z((x))?

I know the etale fundamental group of $\mathbb{Z}$ is trivial. For algebraically closed fields $K$, the etale fundamental group of $K((x))$ is $\hat{\mathbb{Z}}$, since all covers in this case are ...
8
votes
0answers
359 views

name for a degree-like invariant of a power series over a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $f \in R[\![X]\!]$ be a formal power series. Sometimes (and for example, this will always be possible if $R$ is Noetherian), one may write $f$ in the form $$ f ...
8
votes
0answers
133 views

Constructively correct notion of unique factorization domain

Recall the well-known proof that a unique factorization domain is a GCD domain: Let $x, y \in R \setminus \{ 0 \}$. Factor $x$ and $y$ into pairwise non-associated irreducible elements: ...
8
votes
0answers
437 views

Conceptual proofs for the computation of the structure sheaf

The following lemma in commutative algebra is important for the foundations of algebraic geometry: If $A$ is a commutative ring, $U \subseteq A$ is a finite subset generating the unit ideal, then ...
8
votes
0answers
248 views

Uncountable Lüroth problem

Question. Let $F(X)$ be the field obtained by adding an uncountable collection of indeterminates (mutually transcendental elements) to a prime field $F$. Is there an example of a subfield $E$ ...
8
votes
0answers
445 views

Proving that a variety is not (isomorphic to) a toric variety

Is there an algorithmic (or other) way to prove that a (projective) variety is not isomorphic to a toric variety? I'd be happy with an algebraic answer (for affine or projective varieties), using the ...
8
votes
0answers
308 views

Computing Ext for toric divisors

Ok, I have an affine (normal) toric variety $X = \text{Spec} k[\sigma]$. Suppose that $F, G$ are two torus invariant Weil divisors on $X$. Is there any relatively straightforward way to compute $$ ...
8
votes
0answers
1k views

Finding ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ generated by $n$ elements and no fewer

As the title says, I'm trying to find ideals of $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ generated by $n$ elements and no fewer. I suspect $(2^k, 2^{k-1} x, 2^{k-2} x^2, ..., x^k)$ is generated by no fewer than $n=k+1$ ...
8
votes
0answers
423 views

E(n) Deformations of the infinity category Qcoh(X) with it's E(n)-tensor product

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme, then an infinity enchancement of $QCoh(X)$ has an $E_\infty$ structure and in particular an $E_n$ structure for any $n$. In this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/0805.0157 ...
7
votes
0answers
157 views

Terminology for vanishing of Hochschild homology with symmetric coefficients?

In a title or abstract for a paper, if I say "Hochschild cohomology of this algebra $A$ vanishes in degrees two and above" then it should hopefully be understood by most readers as saying ...
7
votes
0answers
317 views

Can every commutative ring of characteristic $p\in\mathbb P$ be written as the form $R/(p)$ with $R$ being a ring of characteristic $0$?

All rings here are associative, commutative and unital. By a ring of characteristic zero (resp. of characteristic $p$, for prime $p$) I mean a ring $A$ such that the canonical homomorphism $\mathbb ...
7
votes
0answers
341 views

Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end: Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...
7
votes
0answers
273 views

When is $I \otimes_A \hat{A} \cong I\hat{A}$?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $I$ a (finitely generated) ideal in $A$. We denote by $\hat{A}$ the $I$-adic completion of $A$, i.e. $\hat{A} = \varprojlim(A/I \leftarrow A/I^2 \leftarrow \ldots)$. ...
7
votes
0answers
108 views

Finiteness for separated residually finite modules

Suppose that $A$ is a commutative noetherian Jacobson ring and $M$ is an $A$-module. Suppose in addition that $M$ is $\mathfrak{m}$-adically separated for every maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, and that ...
7
votes
0answers
466 views

Getting a bound via polynomial equations

When studying the existence problem of power residue deference sets, I came across the following system of polynomial equations over $\mathbb{C}$, \begin{cases} ...
7
votes
0answers
244 views

History of the characterization of commutative Artin rings

When it comes to the world of "classical" (pre-homological) Noetherian commutative algebra, I tend to think of most of the results (Krull's intersection theorem, the principal ideal theorem, etc.) as ...
7
votes
0answers
718 views

When UFD implies PID

The following result is too elementary, both to state and to prove, not to be known. Can someone give a reference? Is there any hope if you don't suppose UFD (i.e. move that from the hypothesis to ...
7
votes
0answers
248 views

Computer Algebra solution for simplicial resolutions for André-Quillen cohomology

Hello, I would like to experiment with André-Quillen (co)homology. Especially for singular rings. A key problem is that the construction of a simplicial resolution of a ring seems to require a rather ...
7
votes
0answers
821 views

Does the property (x*y)*x = x*y have a name?

The property $(xy)x = xy$ is one of the equations satisified by a directoid. Various properties have names ($xy = yx$ is commutativity, $xx=x$ is idempotency, etc). The wikipedia page for Magma has ...
6
votes
0answers
190 views

Is $k(\!(x,y)\!)$ a topological field?

More generally, let $(R,m)$ be a Noetherian local domain with fraction field $K$. The $m$-adic topology turns $R$ into a topological ring. When $R$ is a discrete valuation ring, this topology extends ...
6
votes
0answers
77 views

Constructing the normal sheaf for the plucker embedding in MAGMA (or a similar programming language)

How would one construct the normal sheaf $N_{G(2,6)/\mathbb P^{14}}$ to the plucker embedding of the grassmannian $G(2,6) \rightarrow \mathbb P^{14}$ as a sheaf in MAGMA (or another programming ...