Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

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1
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3answers
116 views

ideals of polynomial ring with complex number coefficients

Let $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring with variables $x,y$ and coefficient in $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f,g\in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$. Let $(f,g)$ be the ideal of $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$ generated by $f,g$. ...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

On a theorem of Hopkins-Neeman-Thomason on generators of thick subcategories of perfect complexes

Notations and background. Let $R$ be a commutative noetherian local ring and let $D(R)$ denote the derived category of the category of R-modules. A strictly perfect complex on $R$ is a bounded complex ...
16
votes
1answer
968 views

Are Conway's omnific integers the Grothendieck group of the ordinals under commutative addition?

This is a question in two parts. Say that $\mathbf{On}$ is the proper class of all ordinal numbers in ZFC. We can define a binary operator over $\mathbf{On}$ which corresponds to the commutative ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Length of quotients and relations between $\ell(\mathrm{coker}\varphi),\ell(R/\det\varphi)$

Let $R$ be domain(not necessary local) with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ and $d \in R, d \neq 0$. $(R/(d))_{\mathfrak{p}} = 0 \iff (d) \not\subset \mathfrak{p}$(?). And if $ (d) \subset \mathfrak{p}$ ...
6
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0answers
367 views

Find a polynomial not in any ideal generated by polynomials of total degree $o(n)$ [on hold]

Is there an explicit nontrivial (= not a constant) polynomial $p \in \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that, for any ideal $I \not= \mathbb{C}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ generated by $f_1, f_2, \ldots, f_m$ ...
1
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0answers
110 views

algebraic closedness in in residue field [on hold]

If $A\subseteq B$ are affine domains over an algebraically closed field of $k$ of characteristic zero, such that $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, how can one show that $Q(A)$ is also ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

irreducibility of general fiber

I would like to get a reference of the following fact. Let $A\subseteq B$ be affine domains over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. If $Q(A)$ is algebraically closed in $Q(B)$, ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

Can states on commutative Banach algebras be understood as probability measures?

Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ is a commutative Banach algebra. Is there always a measurable space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ such that there is a bijective correspondence between states on $\mathcal{A}$ and ...
0
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0answers
68 views

$\inf\{i\in \mathbb N \cup \{0\}\cup\infty\mid Ext^i_R(R/I,R)\neq 0\}=0 ?$

Let $R := k[x_1, \cdots, x_n, \cdots]/(x_1^1, \cdots , x^n_n, \cdots),$ where $k$ is a field. Set $I:=(x_1, \cdots, x_n, \cdots)$. the questions are: Is $\inf\{i\in \mathbb N \cup \{0\}\cup ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Syzygies in integral domains

Let $f$ be a homogeneous irreducible element in a graded commutative Noetherian ring. What is the possible set of elements $f_1$ and $f_2$ such that $f=f_1g_1+ f_2g_2$? Even in very particular cases ...
1
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2answers
371 views

A Question About Free Resolutions

I would warmly appreciate it if someone could tell me whether the following question has an affirmative answer. I am new to the field of commutative algebra, so I am simply trying to fill in some ...
2
votes
1answer
308 views

Castelnuovo Mumford Regularity

Consider the polynomial ring $S = C[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. Let $$ ‎‏0 ‎‎\rightarrow‎‎‏ ‎E_{n-1} ‎‎\rightarrow ‎\cdots ‎‎‎\rightarrow ‎E_1 ‎‎‎\rightarrow ‎E_0 \rightarrow I \rightarrow 0‎ ‎,‎ $$ be a ...
-1
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0answers
38 views

Cohen-Macaulay rings and Normal rings [migrated]

is there an example that R is Cohen-Macaulay but not normal ring? what about the converse example?
-1
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0answers
72 views

Excercise of commutative rings, S. Balcerzyk and T. Józefiak [on hold]

Let $R=k[[x_1,...,x_n,y_1,...,y_n]]/(x_i y_j-x_j y_i)$, $i,j=1,\ldots,n$, where $k$ is a field. Prove that (a) $R$ is a domain. (b) $\dim R=n+1$. (c) $R$ is Cohen-Macaulay. (d) the type of $R$ ...
1
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0answers
162 views

unfolding as resolution

Has anyone described 'unfolding' as used in mathematical physics (e.g. on-shell AND off-shell) as analogous to a resolution in algebra - higher derivatives are unfolded in terms of new variables?
0
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0answers
38 views

To determine whether an ideal is prime using Macaulay 2 [closed]

I am new to Macaulay2, it seems to me that I cannot use it to determine whether an ideal in the polynomial ring over complex number is prime or not, because when I use the isPrime function, I got the ...
1
vote
2answers
213 views

Ideals generated by two elements in the polynomial ring of two variables over a field

Let $k$ be a field. For example, $k=\mathbb{Q}$ or $\mathbb{Z}/p$, $p$ prime. Let $k[x,y]$ be the polynomial ring. Let $f,g\in k[x,y]$. Let the ideal $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal of $k[x,y]$ ...
10
votes
1answer
730 views

What is the mathematical structure called if we replace commutative group by commutative monoid in the definition of linear space?

Could anyone tell me what the mathematical structure is called if we replace commutative group by commutative monoid in the definition of linear space? Also, are there any names for "commutative ...
1
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2answers
165 views

Surjectivity of trace map

Let $R$ be a closed integral domain with its fraction field $F$. Let $K$ be a finite separable extension field of $F$, and let $A$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $K$. It is well known that the ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

Uncountable cardinals and Prufer $p$-groups

Let $A$ be an elementary Abelian uncountable $p$-group. Is it known if there is an action of a Prufer $q$-group (here $q$ is a prime not necessarily distinct from $p$) $C_{q^{\infty}}$ onto $A$ such ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

When is an algebra of commuting matrices (contained in one) generated by a single matrix?

Let C be an nxn matrix, then the polynomials in C (with appropriate coefficients) form an algebra of commuting matrices. I feel that I should know if the converse is true but I do not. So my first ...
6
votes
1answer
656 views

the direct sum of injective modules need not be injective

The Bass-Papp Theorem asserts that a commutative ring $R$ is Noetherian iff every direct sum of injective $R$-modules is injective. Thus every non-Noetherian ring carries a counterexample. If $$ I_1 ...
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0answers
75 views

$K_1(R)$ and splitting

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unit. Under what conditions does the following exact sequence split? $1\to E(R)\to Gl(R)\to K_1(R)\to 1$.
1
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0answers
58 views

Why is the polynomial relating the invariants of a binary polyhedral group fixed by an overgroup?

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and $N \triangleleft G$ a normal subgroup. Let $x, y, z$ be the fundamental invariants for the standard action of $N$ on $\mathbb{C}^2$, ...
0
votes
1answer
284 views

Reference for a lemma on étale maps

The Stacks Project has the following really nice Lemma concerning étale maps of rings: Let $A\rightarrow B$ be a finitely presented, étale morphism of rings. Then there exists a presentation $$ ...
1
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2answers
145 views

if $R$ is Noetherian local with a finite module of finite injective dimension and if “?” , then $R$ is “Gorenstein”

I know that if $R$ is Noetherian local with a finite module of finite injective dimension, then $R$ is Cohen-Macaulay. Can one add assumptions on $M$, so that $R$ be Gorenstein or Complete ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Extension of homomorphism to place in quotient field, or of local ring to valuation ring in quotient field

Let be given a domain $R$ (that can be supposed to be integrally closed if this can help), and $\varphi$ an homomorphism of $R$ into a field $F$. $\varphi$ extends uniquely to a homomorphism ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

Valuation of an ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring

Let $f,g$ be two coprime elements in the ring $K[[x,y]]$, with $K$ a field. What is the smallest integer $n$ such that the inclusion of ideals $$(x^n)\subset (f,g)$$ holds in $K[[x,y]]$? Can we ...
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votes
1answer
96 views

behavior of multiplicity in exact sequences

Bruns-Herzog define multiplicity When the ring and module are not necessarily graded as $e(M)=e(gr_m(M))$, see B-H 4.6. I have two questions: Question1. Many concepts in commutative algebra have ...
2
votes
1answer
340 views

Does this $\mathbb{Z}_p$-algebra morphism induce a closed immersion on the generic fiber?

Let $R$ be a local and smooth $\mathbb{Z}_p$-algebra and $B$ an $R$-algebra of finite type which is an integral domain with $\operatorname{dim}B\leq \operatorname{dim}R$ such that $B/(p)$ is ...
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votes
0answers
23 views

Property of free submodules for a module over a PID [migrated]

This question was asked here and remains without solution. It's possible to produce an example of an integral domain $R$ and a free $R$-module $M$ with free submodules $L, L'$ such that $L+L'$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Number of generators of colon and intersection ideals of two finitely generated ideals in a Prufer domain

Hi! I'm wanting to see why the following is true: Given 2 finitely generated ideals $B$ and $C$ in a Prufer domain $D$ with bases of $n$ and $m$ generators respectively, $B\cap C$ has a basis of ...
3
votes
2answers
283 views

Can there be a non-trivial epimorphism (of rings) from a field? [closed]

I apologize if this question is trivial, but I just cant figure it out. Let $K$ be a field and let $K\longrightarrow A$ be an epimorphism of rings. Is it necessary that $A=K$?
0
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0answers
76 views

Global dimension of graded Lie algebra

The rational global dimension of a graded algebra $A=(A_k)_{k\geq 0}$, with $A_0=\mathbb Q$, denoted here ${\rm gl}\dim A$ is defined to be the greatest integer $k$ (or $\infty$) such that ${\rm ...
-4
votes
1answer
203 views

Integral closure of an ideal [closed]

Let $r^n+a_1r^{n-1}+\cdots+a_n=0$ be an equation of integral dependence of $r$ over an ideal $I$. Does exist a finitely generated ideal $J$, such that $J\subset I$ and $a_i\in J^i$ for all ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Minimal Free resolution of the ideals

What is the motivation to study the minimal free resolution of the ideals? Which geometrical information can we get from $res(I)$ for The variety of $I$?
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0answers
40 views

Minimal free resolution of sum of ideals

Let $S$ be the polynomial ring in $n$ variables, and let $I_1$ and $I_2$ be ideals in $S$. What can be said about the $\mathbb{Z}$-graded minimal free resolution of $I_1+ I_2$ in terms of the ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Are schemes which agree on open set and its complement equal? - w/ applications to initial ideals/tropical basis

I appreciate the comments so far and am modifying based on something closer to the problem I'm interested in. I started out with something far too general. This is probably easy, but I have been ...
4
votes
0answers
161 views

Does integral closure commute with pushforward

Suppose that $\pi : Y \to X$ is a proper birational morphism between normal varieties (schemes, whatever). Suppose that $I$ is an ideal sheaf on $Y$. One can form $\pi_* I$ and construct an ideal ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Projective dimension of modules over non-discrete valuation rings

Let $\mathbb{C}_p$ be $p$-adic completion of an algebraic closure of $\mathbb{Q}_p$, $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{C}_p}$ be its valuation ring and $\mathfrak{m}$ its maximal ideal. Does anyone know the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Families of ideals with a given initial ideal

Assume a fintie set of monomials is given. Is there a way to find the family of ideals whose initial ideal (say w.r.t revlex order) is generated by that finite set? I'll appreciate any partial answer, ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Reference request for division algebras, over $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$

I was looking for a possible reference that would answer the following question, Let $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ be the $p$-adic numbers and $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$ be the field of Laurent polynomials over ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Necessary and sufficient condition for $can : A^X\otimes_A A^Y\rightarrow A^{X\times Y}$ to be an embedding

The two sets are, of course, supposed infinite. This question is related to that one Commutation of tensor products with inverse limits in a specific case where it received a (partial) answer ($A$ ...
24
votes
11answers
7k views

Elementary / Interesting proofs of the Nullstellensatz

Is there an easy proof of the Nullstellensatz that avoids the standard Noether-normalization techniques? One proof I know proves first the 'weak' Nullstellensatz which ensures that maximal ideals ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

The complex of Kahler differentials and de Rham complex

Let $A$ be a unital commutative algebra (say over complex numbers). Consider the multiplication map $m:A \otimes A \to A$ and put $\Omega^1_u(A)=\ker m$ to be the space of universal differential ...
46
votes
2answers
4k views

How would you solve this tantalizing Halmos problem?

1-ab invertible => 1-ba invertible has a slick power series "proof" as below, where Halmos asks for an explanation of why this tantalizing derivation succeeds. Do you know one? Geometric series. In ...
1
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1answer
808 views

Conjugate Matrix

Let $A$ be a nilpotent square matrix, $J$ be the antidiagonal matrix with 1's on the secondary diagonal (i.e. $J^{2}=E$) and let $B=J A J.$ Suppose we conjugate the matrices $A,B$ by a matrix ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

A vector version of the Segre embedding: what is the kernel of the ring map?

TL;DR version. Given a commutative ring $\mathbf{k}$ and $n+m$ "generic" vectors $\mathbf{x}_1, \mathbf{x}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n, \mathbf{y}_1, \mathbf{y}_2, \ldots, \mathbf{y}_m$ in $\mathbf{k}^k$ ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Intersection numbers on blow ups of toric varieties

Suppose we have a smooth, complete toric varietiy $X_{\Sigma}$ of dimension $n$. Let $\sigma_k \in \Sigma(k)$ a smooth $k$-dimensional cone in $\Sigma$ and suppose we make the toric blow up at the ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Decide two indices of Ext functor

This question is from the proof of Theorem 11.34 in the book: Twenty-four Hours of Local Cohomology. Let $R$ and $S$ be CM local ring and $R\to S$ a local homomorphism such that $S$ is a finite ...