Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

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Extension of canonical surjection to a place of fraction field

Let $R$ be an integrally closed domain, $K$ its field of fractions, and $m$ a maximal ideal of $R$. By Chevalley theorem, the canonical surjection $R\to R/m$ extends in at least one way to a place ...
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1answer
98 views

Extension of homomorphism to place in quotient field, or of local ring to valuation ring in quotient field

Let be given a domain $R$ (that can be supposed to be integrally closed if this can help), and $\varphi$ an homomorphism of $R$ into a field $F$. $\varphi$ extends uniquely to a homomorphism ...
0
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0answers
91 views

p-divisibility of the connected component of the Picard group

Let $X$ to be a smooth projective variety over a field of positive characteristic $p>0$, then can one claim $Pic^0(X)$ is p-divisible.
7
votes
3answers
330 views

Ring of differential operators of a quotient ring

All rings are assumed to have unity. Let $k$ be a field. Recall the definition of Grothendieck's ring of ($k$-linear) differential operators $D(R;k)$ of a commutative $k$-algebra $R$: ...
12
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1answer
497 views

Constructive proof of “Projective implies proper”

For every ring $A$, the structural morphism of schemes $\pi_A : {\bf P}^n_{A} \to {\rm Spec}{A}$ is a closed map. The usual proof of this fact is not constructive : given equations of a closed subset ...
5
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1answer
232 views

Irreducibility of a polynomial

For $n\ge 1$, let $g(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n)$ be an irreducible homogeneous polynomial in $n$ variables over a field $k$ and $f(x)$ an irreducible polynomial of $k[x]$. Is $f(g(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n))$ ...
8
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0answers
83 views

How useful is knowing every torsionfree $\mathcal O(D)$ module is flat?

One of the corollaries of Weiertrass' factorization theorem plus the theorem of Mittag Leffler is that $\mathcal O(\Bbb C)$, more generally $\mathcal O(D)$ for some region $D$ is such that every ...
4
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0answers
120 views

Inversion, Koszul duality, combinatorics and geometry

According to this MO answer Koszul duality is related to operations on generating series; 1) multiplicative inversion for quadratic algebras, 2) compositional inversion for quadratic operads, 3) ...
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0answers
46 views

Divisibility of the degree of an extension by the degree its residual field

Let $A$ be and integrally closed domain whose quotient field is $K$, $L$ be a finite Galois extension of $K$, and $B$ be the integral closure of $A$ in $L$. Let $M_A$ be a maximal ideal of $A$, and ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Irreducible/prime/indivisible elements

in what follows all the rings are commutative, nontrivial, with unit. Recall the following definitions: 1) $\pi\in A$ is prime if $(\pi)$ is a nonzero prime ideal 2) $\pi\in A$ is irreducible if ...
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0answers
75 views

Tensor product of complexes [on hold]

Let $A$ be a ring and let the modules that are involved be left and right A-modules (not necessarily bimodules over A). I'll denote as $\mathcal{E}^n_R(M, N)$ the category of n-fold extensions of M ...
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73 views

Moduli space of points - Gorenstein ideal

I've been working on algebraic covers, $\varphi\colon X\rightarrow Y$, ($\varphi_*\mathcal{O}_X$ is a locally free $\mathcal{O}_Y$-algebra of rank d). I'm more interested in the algebraic point of ...
5
votes
1answer
177 views

computing the nonnegative part of a $\mathbb{Z}$-graded ring

Let $R = \bigoplus_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} R_n$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-graded commutative ring with nonnegative part $R^+ = \bigoplus_{n \geq 0} R_n$ and nonpositive part $R^- = \bigoplus_{n \geq 0} R_{-n}$. By ...
3
votes
1answer
603 views

A Module with $Ext^i(M,R) = 0$ for all $i > 0$

Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a noetherian local ring $R$. We can take our ring to be Cohen-Macaulay. Suppose $M$ satisfies the condition $Ext^i(M,R) = 0$ for all $i > 0$. We want to ...
5
votes
1answer
388 views

A problem on finiteness of Ext

If $R$ is a commutative noetherian ring and $I$ is an ideal of $R$, $M$ is an $R$-module. Does $Tor_i^R(R/I, M)$ is finitely generated for $i\ge 0$ imply $Ext^i_R(R/I, M)$ is finitely generated for ...
4
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0answers
58 views

Multiplicity of $Ext^{d-t}(M,\omega_R)$, ($d=\dim R, t=\dim M$)

Let $R=\bigoplus_{i \geq 0} R_i$ be a Cohen-Macaulay graded ring ($R_0$ is a field and $R$ is generated by $R_1$) of dimension $d$ with canonical module $\omega_R$, and $M$ a graded Cohen-Macaulay ...
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1answer
234 views

Projective Modules/Algebras: decomposition of linear functions, and the rank formula

Let $A$ be a ring, $B$ a finite projective $A$-algebra, and $C$ a finite projective $B$-algebra. We can show that $C$ is also finite and projective when regarded as an $A$-algebra (by, for instance, ...
1
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1answer
94 views

Reducedness of a ring with prime nilradical

Let $A$ be a regular ring and $\mathfrak q$ be an ideal, such that $\sqrt{\mathfrak q}$ is prime. Further assume that $\mathfrak q$ is locally principal (i.e. $\mathfrak q$ is an irreducible divisor ...
7
votes
1answer
473 views

Can we prove that the ring of formal power series over a noetherian ring is noetherian without axiom of choice?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with an identity. Suppose that every non-empty set of ideals of $A$ has a maximal element. Let $A[[x]]$ be the formal power series ring over $A$. Can we prove that every ...
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0answers
63 views

Existence of general element in module case [closed]

Let $(R,m)$ be a noetherian local ring. Let $a_1,a_2,a_3\in R\oplus R$ and $S=R[X_1,X_2,X_3].$ Then is it true that if $z=a_1X_1+a_2X_2+a_3X_3\in S\oplus S$ then $\frac{S}{zS}\cong S[Y].$
6
votes
2answers
532 views

Is being reduced a generic property of schemes?

(Naive formulation:) Let $X$ be an (irreducible) affine variety (over an algebraically closed field $k$) and $I$ be an ideal of the coordinate ring $R$ of $X$. Assume $Y = V(I)$ is equidimensional. ...
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3answers
313 views

Example of a commutative algebra object in a braded monoidal category C

Hi, I am looking for an example of a commutative algebra object in a braided monoidal category C which it can also be turned into a commutative Frobenius algebra. If you have any examples could you ...
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0answers
47 views

ramification index generalized

I am trying to rewrite the theory of decomposition/inertia/ramification groups independently of the theory of Dedekind or valuation rings (I believe this has been done elsewhere, but I found only few ...
6
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0answers
156 views

What is a good introduction to cluster algebras from surfaces?

What is a good reference for cluster algebras from surfaces, with a view to their connection to Teichmuller theory? In my view, that means it should start off with unpunctured surfaces (and in ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

finiteness dimension

$R$ is a local Noetherian ring. $f_I(M)$, the finiteness dimension of a module $M$ relative to $I$, is defined in ...
12
votes
2answers
563 views

What properties define open loci in excellent schemes?

Let $R$ be an excellent Noetherian ring. A property $P$ is said to be open if the set $\{q \in \operatorname{Spec}(R) \ | \ R_q \ \text{satisfies} \ (P)\}$ is Zariski open. Examples of open ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

question about a particular Polynomial ring

Let K be a field, let $T = K[X_1, X_2,...]$ be a polynomial ring, let $R=K[X_1^{2}, X_1X_2,..,X_i X_j,..]$, and let $L = Frac(R)$ = field of fractions of R. How can we prove that $R =T \cap L$ ?
6
votes
1answer
334 views

Some questions about the ring Z((x))

$\newcommand{\ZZ}{\mathbb{Z}}$ $\newcommand{\dim}{\text{dim }}$ Let me begin by apologizing for the length of this question, but I thought this might be interesting to some of you. This ring isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

Bass' stable range for Bezout rings

As discussed in this MO topic, every principal ideal domain has stable rank at most 2. The proof in the accepted answer uses the fact that PID is a unique factorization domain, but there can be no ...
0
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1answer
190 views

Uniform Artin-Rees

The Artin-Rees lemma states that if $R$ is a Noetherian ring, $I \subseteq R$ is an ideal and $N \subseteq M$ are finitely generated $R$-modules, then there exists an integer $k$ such that for every ...
0
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0answers
100 views

Is the natural map $Pic A[M] \rightarrow Pic A[N]$ injective?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring. Let $M\subseteq N$ be an extension of positive seminormal monoids. Is the natural map $Pic A[M] \rightarrow Pic A[N]$ injective?
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Valuation of an ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring

Let $f,g$ be two coprime elements in the ring $K[[x,y]]$, with $K$ a field. What is the smallest integer $n$ such that the inclusion of ideals $$(x^n)\subset (f,g)$$ holds in $K[[x,y]]$? Can we ...
36
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8answers
9k views

Modern algebraic geometry vs. classical algebraic geometry

Can anyone offer advice on roughly how much commutative algebra, homological algebra etc. one needs to know to do research in (or to learn) modern algebraic geometry. Would you need to be familiar ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

what are the possible approximations for ideals

(Fix some local ring $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ over a field of zero characteristic.) Suppose an ideal $J$ is defined by some complicated formula/procedure. And there is no hope of computing it/or writing ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Compute adjugate matrix over commutative ring

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix over a commutative ring. I'm looking for a good method to compute its adjugate matrix. My current approach is to use the Cayley-Hamilton theorem: $$\text{adj}(A) = ...
4
votes
2answers
582 views

How to find the generic initial ideal?

Here is an example from Ezra Miller's book: Combinatorial Commutative Algebra,p26-27 Let $f,g\in k[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4]$ be a generic forms of degree $d$ and $e$, the generic initial ideal of $I=\langle ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Does the going-up theorem hold between flat algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian ring with unit and $S$ a flat $R$-algebra. Does the going-up theorem hold between $R$ and $S$?
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vote
0answers
132 views

Infinite intersection of prime ideals [migrated]

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with identity. Let $p_{i}, i\in I$ and $p$ be prime ideals in $A$, where the index set $I$ is infinite. If we have $$ p\supset \bigcap_{I}p_{i} $$ Do we still have ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

cohomology algebra of unordered configuration space with coefficients the finite fields

in the paper The cohomology algebra of unordered configuration spaces (Y. Félix, D. Tanré, J. London Math. Soc., 2005), Theorem 4: Let $M$ be an odd-dimensional, compact, closed, oriented manifold. ...
5
votes
1answer
272 views

automorphisms of local rings vs local change of coordinates

Let $R$ be a local (commutative, associative) ring over a field of zero characteristic. (My typical examples are $k[[x_1,..,x_p]]/I$, $k\{x_1,.,x_p\}/I$, $C^\infty(\Bbb{R}^p,0)$. If it helps one can ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

When do we get free modules from Noether normalization

Let $X \subseteq \mathbb{P}_{\mathbb{C}}^n$ be an irreducible, projective, Cohen-Macaulay variety of dimension $k$. Let $L \subseteq \mathbb{P}_{\mathbb{C}}^n$ be a linear space of dimension $n-k-1$ ...
1
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1answer
215 views

intuitive interpretation of analytic spread

I am studying analytic spreads from Bruns-Herzog's book. The definition is clear but calculation of the analytic spread of an ideal is hard for me in practice. I wonder if it is hard for you too. ...
4
votes
2answers
222 views

Canonical presentation of pro-modules over pro-rings

Let $A = (\dotsc \twoheadrightarrow A_2 \twoheadrightarrow A_1 \twoheadrightarrow A_0)$ be a (commutative) pro-ring with surjective transition maps. Consider the category $\mathcal{M} := \varprojlim_i ...
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0answers
78 views

Can you always find a regular sequence consisting of monomials?

Let $\mathbb{k}$ be a field, and let $S=\mathbb{k}[x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n]$. Let $M$ be an $S$-module. A sequence $$f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_r$$ of polynomials in the maximal ideal $\langle x_1,\ldots,x_n\rangle$ ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

On the computational complexity of the Hilbert polynomial of numerical semigroup rings

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m}) = k[[X^a, X^b, X^c]]$, $a<b<c$, $gcd(a, b, c) = 1$, be a semigroup ring. We have $R$ is a Cohen-Macaulay local ring of dimension one. It is well known that ...
7
votes
3answers
493 views

Completion of a local ring of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve defined over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ (of arbitrary characteristic), and let $p\in X$ be a closed point. Denote by $\mathcal{O}_p(X)$ ...
2
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1answer
131 views

Given a locally nilpotent derivation over a field of characteristic 0 and a local slice, how is the ring homomorphism below defined?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic 0 and $A$ a $K$-domain. Let $D:A\longrightarrow A$ be a locally nilpotent K-derivation, that is, $D(k)=0$ for all $k\in K$, $D(ab)=(Da)b+a(Db)$ for all $a,b\in A$, ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Hochschild cohomology of commutative quotients

Notation: Let $k$ be a commutative local ring and let $HH^{i}(A,N)$ denote the $i^{th}$ Hochschild cohomology $k$-module of a $k$-algebra A with coefficients in an $(A,A)$-bi-module $N$. If ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

When is a power of an indeterminate in an ideal with 2 generators?

If I have an ideal ${\frak a} \colon= (f(X,S), g(X,S))$ of height $2$ in ${\Bbb C}[X, S]$, is it easy to know what power of $S$ is contained in $\frak a$? For example, what is the minimal number $m$? ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

A Zero-Multiplicity Problem Related to Foulkes' Conjecture

I'm a combinatorialist that is interested in estimating multiplicities of irreps of $1^{S_{kn}}_{S_k \wr S_n}$ (the action of symmetric group on uniform partitions). I'm aware of the difficulty (or ...