Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

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4
votes
1answer
254 views

Torsors and the fpqc topology

Fix a scheme $S$, a group scheme $G/S$ (let us say smooth, maybe even affine with some finiteness conditions if you like), and suppose I have some other $S$-scheme $P$ with a right $G$-action. We want ...
8
votes
1answer
283 views

Presenting $\mathbb{Q}[[t]]$ as an explicit colimit of smooth $\mathbb{Q}$-algebras: an explicit example for the Popescu's theorem

By the seminal Popescu's theorem, $R=\mathbb{Q}[[t]]$ is a filtered colimit of smooth $\mathbb{Q}$-algebras. Could you give me a hint: which $\mathbb{Q}$-algebras can yield such a colimit? My problem ...
3
votes
0answers
204 views

Is there fppf descent of locally free modules

Being locally free is a property of quasi-coherent modules which does not descend in the fpqc topology (see Remark Tag 05VF). But what happens for fppf coverings? More precisely we ask: Suppose $A ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

Is pushforward along a closed immersion in the fppf topology exact?

Let $i : Z \to X$ be a closed immersion of schemes. Is $i_* : Ab((Sch/Z)_{fppf}) \to Ab((Sch/X)_{fppf})$ an exact functor? The answer is yes in the \'etale or syntomic topology. It seems likely the ...
5
votes
0answers
150 views

Are monomorphisms between algebraic spaces representable?

The question in the title can be reformulated as follows. Let $f : Y \to X$ be a monomorphism of algebraic spaces where $X$ is a scheme. Is it true that $Y$ is a scheme? If $f$ is locally of finite ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

Splitting as $\mathbb{F}_p[[X]]$-modules

Let $A$ be a finitely generated torsion $\mathbb{Z}_p[[X]]$-module, $B$ = { $x \in A$ such that $px=0$ } and $C=A/B$ where $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the $p$-adic integers. Given $ 0 \rightarrow B/pB ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

What is maximum number of m-complex solutions to a order n polynomial (say with real coefficients)?

I know the answer is n^2 for bicomplex numbers. Does anyone know if a general answer has been found for m-complex numbers ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicomplex_number)?
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Normality and fiber product

Let $A$ and $B$ be noetherian normal rings and let $f:A\rightarrow B$ be a finite but non-flat ring homomorphism. We can also assume $Spec(A)$ connected if necessary. We put on $B$ the structure of ...
0
votes
0answers
120 views

Invariants of the Determinant Form

Consider a form of degree $r$ in $n$, that is, a homogeneous polynomial $$f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)=\sum_{i_1+\ldots i_n=r}\alpha_{i_1 ... i_n}x_1^{i_1} ... x_n^{i_n} $$ After the linear change of ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Is every commutative group structure underlying at least one (unitary, commutative) ring structure

From the theorem of classification of finitely generated abelian groups, we can see that every finitely generated commutative group can be considered as the additive structure underlying (at least) ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Module structure of the abelianization of the commutator subgroup

Let $G$ be a (non-abelian) group, and let $G_2$ denote its commutator subgroup. Then the abelianization $G_2^{ab} = H_1(G_2,\mathbb{Z})$ is a module over the group ring $\mathbb{Z}[G^{ab}]$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Which algebras can be presented as filtered colimits of f.g. regular ones with smooth connecting morphisms?

Let $R$ be a regular (commutative associative unitial) algebra over a prime field $F$ (i.e. $F=F_p$ or $F=\mathbb{Q}$); assume that it is noetherian excellent (and even of Krull dimension $1$). What ...
3
votes
0answers
161 views

Computing the Abelianization of an Automorphism Group

Setup: We are working in a Henselian local ring $(R, \mathfrak m, k)$ that way may assume is Cohen-Macaulay, admits a canonical module and is of finite type (so is an isolated singularity). Let ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Tangent cone and embedded components

Is it possible for a reduced, equidimensional germ of complex analytic singularity to have a tangent cone with embedded components but without multiple irreducible components? If it is, how can you ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

The Existence of Pure Resolutions, Given a Degree Sequence?

I have been trying to understand the proof of the following theorem for the last month, I read some basics of sheaves theory and their cohomology, but still can't get the idea of this important ...
6
votes
0answers
273 views

Can we prove that the ring of formal power series over a noetherian ring is noetherian without axiom of choice?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with an identity. Suppose that every non-empty set of ideals of $A$ has a maximal element. Let $A[[x]]$ be the formal power series ring over $A$. Can we prove that every ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Graded Betti Numbers of a Graded Ideal with Linear Quotients

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi: Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a graded ideal which has linear quotients with respect to a homogeneous system of generators ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Graded Betti Numbers of a Stable Monomial Ideal

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi: Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a stable monomial ideal with $G(I)=\{u_{1},...,u_{m}\}$ and such that for $i<j$, either ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Explicit basis for the space of global sections of a twisted arithmetic ideal sheaf

Assume $x\in X=\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}$ is a closed point with $f(x)=p\in Y$ where $f:X\rightarrow Y$, here $Y=Spec(\mathbb{Z})$. Assume $k(x)=\mathbb{F}_p$ and denote by $I_x$ the ideal sheaf of ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

Iwasawa algebra [closed]

Let $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the $p$-adic integers for a prime $p$. Suppose $M$ is a finitely generated torsion $\mathbb{Z}_p[[T]]$-module such that $\mu(M)=0$. Then $M/pM$ and $M[p]$($p$-torsion ...
8
votes
1answer
258 views

Irreducibility of a class of polynomials

This question is directly inspired by this question. Consider polynomials of the form $$p(x) = \prod_{i=1}^n(x-i)^2 - d.$$ For which values of $n$ and $d$ is $p(x)$ irreducible? There is a theorem of ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Nullspace of a matrix modulo an ideal

Suppose $R$ is a multivariate polynomial ring and $I$ is an ideal in $R$. Let $M$ be a $n\times n$ square matrix with entries in $R$, and suppose that det($M$) lies in $I$. Thus, $M$ has a ...
6
votes
1answer
261 views

Discrepancies in different definitions of a rank of a module?

I have seen different definitions of a rank of a module $M$ over a commutative ring $R$. 1- In nlab (here http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/rank), for quite general modules, the rank is defined locally at ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

About Linear Quotients of Square of an Ideal with Linear Quotients

Let $I$ be a monomial ideal generated by quadratic monomials $u_{1},...,u_{s}$ and suppose that $I$ has linear quotients with respect to this given ordering. Is it true or false that $I^{2}$ has ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Determining Hilbert polynomial from some values of Hilbert function

For simplicity, let $(R,m)$ be a Noetherian local ring and $I$ an $m$-primary ideal. The Hilbert function of $I$ is defined as $$ H_I(n): \mathbb{Z}_{\ge 0} \to \operatorname{length}_{R/m} I^n / ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

The closure of an effective Cartier divisor in a special situation

I am studying first order deformations and a natural question arises. Situation: Let $X_1$ be a scheme. $\pi: X_1 \to {\rm Spec}~ k[t]/(t^2)$ is a flat morphism of finite type, where $k$ is an ...
7
votes
2answers
333 views

Smoothness and Kähler differentials

Let $X$ be a complex variety. It is well-known that $X$ is smooth if and only if the sheaf of Kähler differentials $\Omega_X^1$ is locally free (Hartshorne p. 177). Question: What happens for forms ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

Generic methods to check irreducibility of polynomials in $K[[X,Y]]$

I usually find it difficult to check irreducibility of polynomials in $K[[X,Y]]$ ($K$ algebraically closed). Does anyone know about generic methods that can be used ? And especially of ones that can ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Domains $D$ for which for any prime $P$, $D_P$ is a PID

Is there any name or alternative characterization for the class of integral domains $D$ such that for any prime ideal $P$, $D_P$ is a principal ideal domain?
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Automorphism on F_2[[X,S]]

Let us define the automorphism $\sigma$ on ${\Bbb F}_2[[X,S]]$ such that $\sigma \colon S \mapsto S + S^2 + S^3$ $\sigma \colon X \mapsto X + S$. It is easy to see that the ideal $(S)$ is stable ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Projective Modules/Algebras: decomposition of linear functions, and the rank formula

Let $A$ be a ring, $B$ a finite projective $A$-algebra, and $C$ a finite projective $B$-algebra. We can show that $C$ is also finite and projective when regarded as an $A$-algebra (by, for instance, ...
5
votes
1answer
214 views

Inverse limit of Gorenstein local rings is again Gorenstein?

If we have the system of surjective ring homomorphisms $f_{i,i+1}: R_{i+1} \twoheadrightarrow R_i$ for an arbitrary $i \geq 0$ such that all $R_i$ are Gorenstein local ring. Let us put ...
3
votes
1answer
293 views

Automorphisms of complete discrete valuation ring

Let ${\Bbb F}_2[[T]]$ be a c.d.v.r over ${\Bbb F}_2$. We consider the automorphism $\sigma$ of ${\Bbb F}_2[[T]]$ such that $\sigma \colon T \mapsto T + c_2T^2 + c_3T^3 + \cdots$ with $c_i \in {\Bbb ...
7
votes
2answers
321 views

convergence in Z-hat; modulo prime power

The following problem appears in Lenstra's Galois Theory for Schemes (p 14, Ex 1.16). Let $b\in\mathbb Z_{\ge0}$. Define the sequence $(a_n)_{n=0}^\infty$ by $a_0=b, a_{n+1}=2^{a_n}$. Prove that ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Super-Gorenstein ideal of ${\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$

Let $A \colon= {\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$ be a $n$-variable power series ring over a finite field ${\Bbb F}_p$. We put ${\frak m}_A \colon= (X_1,\ldots,X_n)$. Definition(Super-Gorenstein ideal): ...
4
votes
2answers
393 views

Characterizing $\mathbb{Q}[X]$ via a property of its tensor powers

Let $\varphi: \mathbb{Q}[X] \longrightarrow R$ an inclusion of commutative rings. Suppose that the map $$- \circ \varphi: \operatorname{Hom}_{\mathbb{Q}\operatorname{-alg}}(R, R^{\otimes_{\mathbb{Q}} ...
9
votes
2answers
170 views

Direct sum of Hopf algebras

I realise that this question might be rather basic but however I was unable to find the answer in any textbook nor manage to figure out the answer. The question is the following: given two Hopf ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Is the ideal membership problem solvable for differential ideals? Is there a good notion of a Gröbner basis?

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero. Let $\Omega = K[x_1, \dots, x_n, dx_1, \dots, dx_n]$ be the differential ring of algebraic differential forms over $K[X_1, \dots, X_n]$. Is there an ...
3
votes
1answer
250 views

What is the geometric meaning of content or intersection flatness?

The polynomial extension $R \rightarrow R[X]$ ($X$ an indeterminate) has many nice properties beyond faithful flatness. The one I'm most interested in at the moment is the following. Say that a flat ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Weighted projective space, its varieties, the universal hyperplane section description and the Segre embedding

We will view here the weighted projective space as an orbifold. Let $S=k[x_0,...,x_n]$ be a positively graded ring (I don't assume $S$ to be finitely generated in degree 1). To the grading ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Localisation of two rings which is an integral extension, then integral extension still holds?

Question seems simple, but I just can't find the solution. Let A/B be an integral ring extension and let P be a prime ideal of B. By going-up theorem, there is Q, a prime ideal of A, lying over P. ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Local Profinite Ring

I haven't received any substantial responses to a similar question on math.stackexchange, so let me try here. Let $R$ be a profinite ring (that is a projective limit of finite rings). Assume ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

When is a power of an indeterminate in an ideal with 2 generators?

If I have an ideal ${\frak a} \colon= (f(X,S), g(X,S))$ of height $2$ in ${\Bbb C}[X, S]$, is it easy to know what power of $S$ is contained in $\frak a$? For example, what is the minimal number $m$? ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Global sections of exceptional divisor in normalized blow-up

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian normal local domain and $I$ an $R$-ideal. Write $X$ for the normalization of $\mathrm{Proj}(R[It])$ and $E$ for the effective Cartier divisor defined by the ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Finite-index free subgroups in lattices and matrix rings

It is a theorem of Selberg that a lattice $\Gamma$ in a linear group has a torsion-free subgroup of finite index. Page 64 in 'Introduction to Arithmetic Groups' by Dave Morris asserts these can be ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Action on C[[X,Y]]/f(X,Y) giving complete intersection quotients

Let $R \colon\!= {\Bbb C}[[X,Y]]/(f(X,Y))$ be a complete local ring of Krull-dimension $1$. Assume that we have an action of $\Bbb Z$ on $R$ such that fixed elements by $\Bbb Z$ in $R$ are only ...
3
votes
2answers
281 views

Does regular field extension preserve regularity?

Let $k$ be an arbitrary field and suppose that $K/k$ is a regular field extension. Let $V$ be regular scheme of finite type over $\text{Spec }k$ (not necessarily smooth). Is it true that $\text{Spec ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

Iwasawa theory for Mazur's deformation ring R

The ideal class group $\mathrm{Cl}({\cal O}_K)$ and Mazur's deformation ring $R(\overline{\rho})$ for a number field $K$ are said to be similar to each other. Let ${\Bbb Q}_{\infty}$ be the unique ...
7
votes
4answers
357 views

On the fixed point of automorphism of F_3[[T]]

Consider the automorphism $\sigma$ on ${\Bbb F}_3[[T]]$ such that $T \mapsto c_1T + f(T)$ with $c_1 = 1$ or $-1$, and $f(T) \not=0$ and the non-zero leading term $c_mT^m$ of $f(T)$ satisfies $m \geq ...
7
votes
0answers
103 views

Constructively correct notion of unique factorization domain

Recall the well-known proof that a unique factorization domain is a GCD domain: Let $x, y \in R \setminus \{ 0 \}$. Factor $x$ and $y$ into pairwise non-associated irreducible elements: ...