**2**

votes

**1**answer

347 views

### Who defined and who coined “module”?

The title of my Q. says it all:
QUESTION: Who defined and who coined: module?
Would it be Emmy Noether?
EDIT In view of @anon's and KConrad's answers, and as it could have been ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### Does projective duality preserve arithmetic-Cohen-Macaulay-ness?

Let $V$ be a vector space over $\mathbb{C}$.
Suppose $X\subset \mathbb{P} V$ is an algebraic variety, and consider its projective dual variety $X^\vee \subset \mathbb{P} V^*$. If the coordinate ring ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### When is a local subring of a number field a valuation ring?

Do we have some good examples of local subrings of number fields which are not valuation rings?
Do we have an easy criterion for determining whether a local subring of a number field is a valuation ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Bound for the height of equations defining the singular locus of a variety

Fix positive integers $m, n, d$.
In what follows, the height of an algebraic number will mean the absolute multiplicative height.
Let $V \subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}^n$ be an affine algebraic variety ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

355 views

### How to prove a Proposition of Rouquier?

Proposition 7.15 in Rouquier's paper (see Publication paper) "Dimension of triangulated categories J. K-theory, 1 (2008) 193-256" as follows, for details please see Rouquier's paper (or arXiv):
``Let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Endomorphisms of a maximal ideal of a local ring

Let $R$ be a commutative local ring with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$. Is it true in general that $\text{Hom}_R(\mathfrak{m},\mathfrak{m})\cong \text{Hom}_R(\mathfrak{m}, R)$? What if the Krull ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Does $ \text{mult}(R / I) = d_{1} \cdots d_{r} $ imply that $ (f_{1},\ldots,f_{r}) $ is an $ R $-regular sequence?

We define the multiplicity of an $ R $-module $ M $ of dimension $ d > 0 $ to be
$$
\text{mult}(M) \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \text{LC}(P_{M}) \cdot (d - 1)!,
$$
where $ P_{M} $ denotes the Hilbert ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Is a projective module of constant finite rank finitely generated?

If $R$ is a (commutative) ring and $P$ is a projective $R$-module, then every localization of $P$ at a prime of $R$ is free by Kaplansky's theorem, and has a well-defined rank. If these ranks are all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Decomposition of polynomials with three variables

We use $\bigtriangleup _i$ to denote either multiplication or addition.
Suppose we have a polynomial $P(x,y,z)$ over some algebraic closed field such that:
There are $Q(x), W_1(x,y),W_2(x,z)$ ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

586 views

### Constructing a space with prescribed cohomology ring

The most general way I can formulate my question is the following:
Question 1: Given a Gorenstein quotient ring $S$ of a polynomial ring over a field $K$, can one construct a (topological) space $X$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Is there a positive integer k such that any endomorphism of any free module over any commutative ring is a linear combination of k idempotents?

Consider the following Condition (C) on a positive integer $k$:
(C) If $R$ is a commutative ring, if $F$ is a free $R$-module, and if $f$ is an endomorphism of $F$, then $f$ is an $R$-linear ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### $\Gamma_Z(\widetilde M)\cong\widetilde{ \Gamma_Z(M)}$

Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring and let $M$ is an $R$-module. Consider the associated affine scheme $(\text{Spec R},\mathcal{O}_{\text{Spec R}})$ and Suppose $Z\subset X$ is a closed subset of ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Isomorphic quotient of a Module over Noetherian commutative algebra [closed]

I have a nice solution to the following problem and I thought of writing a paper about it but beforehand, I wanted to ask the problem here to see if this is an easy problem and if you people can solve ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### A Zero-Multiplicity Problem Related to Foulkes' Conjecture

I'm a combinatorialist that is interested in estimating multiplicities of irreps of $1^{S_{kn}}_{S_k \wr S_n}$ (the action of symmetric group on uniform partitions). I'm aware of the difficulty (or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Recovering fractional ideals from ideals

Let $R$ be a Noetherian domain; let ${I_{(i)}}$ be a set of fractional ideals in $K$, the fraction field of $R$, indexed by a lattice such that $I_{(i)} I_{(j)} = I_{(i + j)}$. Let $J_{(i)} = I_{(i)} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Hilbert function of points in $\mathrm{P}^2$

Let $\Gamma$ be a collection of $d$ points in $\mathrm{P}^2$, and $I$ the graded ideal of $\Gamma$.If
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Scheme vs $A$-scheme morphisms

Let $A=S^{-1}\mathbb Z$ be a localization of a multiplicative set $S\subset \mathbb Z$.
Question 1: Let $X$ be an arbitrary $A$-scheme, and view $X_A=X\times_{\mathbb Z} A$ as an $A$-scheme via the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Zariski open set of linear forms

Let $I$ be a graded homogeneous ideal over $k[x_1, ... ,x_n]$ and $h$ a linear form, let $H$ be the corresponding hyperplane and $I_H$ the restriction of $I$ to $H$.
I am looking for a Zariski open ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Open covering of the Hilbert functor of points

Let $R \to A$ be a homomorphism of commutative rings. Define the functor $$\mathrm{Hilb}^n_{A/R} : \mathsf{CAlg}(R) \to \mathsf{Set}$$ as follows: If $B$ is a commutative $R$-algebra, then ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

52 views

### Degenerations and spanning monomials

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1,…,x_n]$, let $J\subset R$ be a graded ideal, and consider the initial monomial ideal $\operatorname{in}(J)$ with respect to some term order. Suppose that we are given a linear ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Tensor product of commutators vs. commutator in a tensor product

Let $R$ be a (noetherian) commutative ring, and let $V$ and $W$ be finitely generated free $R$-modules. Let $X \subseteq \mathrm{End}_R(V)$ and $Y \subseteq \mathrm{End}_R(W)$ be finite subsets, and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### Canonical Sheaf of Projective Space

I am stuck on one step that occurs without explanation in several Algebraic geometry books.
Starting from the exact sequence
$$0\rightarrow \Omega_{\mathbb{P}^n}\rightarrow ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

220 views

### commutative algebra, diagonal morphism

can anyone help me with the following statement (it is part of a bigger proof where it is not explained).
Let $B$ be a finite type $A$-algebra and consider the kernel $I$ of the diagonal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### General criterion to find a Z-basis in a fixed generating subset

Let $V=\mathbf{Z}^N$ be a free $\mathbf{Z}$-module of rank $N$. Let $S\subseteq V$
be a fixed finite subset.
Consider the submodule $M:=\langle S\rangle\leq V$ generated by $S$. We know form the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question.
Let ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Is every Noetherian *connected* ring a quotient of a Noetherian domain?

This question is a strengthening of this question (answered negatively), and arose due to David Speyer's answer here.
Geometrically, this asks if every Noetherian connected affine scheme can be ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

232 views

### When is $I \otimes_A \hat{A} \cong I\hat{A}$?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $I$ a (finitely generated) ideal in $A$. We denote by $\hat{A}$ the $I$-adic completion of $A$, i.e. $\hat{A} = \varprojlim(A/I \leftarrow A/I^2 \leftarrow \ldots)$.
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### Existence of a ring with specified residue fields

Given a finite set of fields $k_1, \ldots, k_n$, is there a (commutative with $1$) ring $R$ with (maximal) ideals $m_i$ such that $R/m_i \cong k_i$?
To prevent things from being too easy, I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Does the category PCM (partial commutative monoids) have a closed symmetric monoidal product?

A partial commutative monoid (PCM) is, roughly speaking, a set with a partially defined binary operation that is as associative as it can be (given that not all products are defined) and commutative. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Classification (and automorphisms) of torsion-free modules/sheaves

I would like to know what can be said about the classification of torsion-free modules.
For my purposes, we can assume that $R$ is the function ring of a smooth affine variety over a field. How does ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### why do we care about the irreducibility of parameter ideals?

It is well known that a local commutative unital ring $R$ is Gorenstein if and only if every parameter ideal is irreducible. Why the irreducibility of parameter ideals in a Gorenstein local ring is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Formally smooth map from a regular ring

Let $A,B$ be two commutative noetherian rings. Let $f:A\to B$ be a formally smooth homomorphism. If $A$ is a regular ring (in the sense that all its localizations are regular local rings), does this ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### A question about the unbounded derived category of the polynomial ring in infinitely many variables

In this moment I am trying to understand the derived category of the polynomial ring in infinitely many variables over a field $k$, $R=k[x_{1},x_{2},\dots]$ and I am wonder if it is true that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### When does a commutative DGA have a finitely generated quasi-free resolution?

Suppose that $A$ is a commutative dg-algebra (say over base $k$) which is bounded in non-positive degree (with cochain complex conventions). There exists a quasi-free resolution of $A$. My question ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

181 views

### Minimal fields of isomorphism for varieties

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety over a field $K$. Is there a constant $d = d(V) \in \mathbb{N}$ such that for any variety $W$ defined over $K$ and isomorphic to $V$ over the algebraic closure of $K$, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Reference: A nowhere vanishing section of a vector bundle is locally split

Well-known fact:
If $(A, \mathfrak{m})$ is a local Noetherian ring, $E$ is a finitely generated free $A$-module, and $e\in E$ is an element not contained in $\mathfrak{m}E$, then $E/eA$ is also a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

197 views

### R[[X]] flat as a R[X]-module?

I assume $R[X]\rightarrow R[[X]]$ is not flat in general, but I was wondering if any conditions on a commutative ring $R$ are known such that $R[[X]]$ is flat as a $R[X]$-module.
Would $R$ noetherian ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Is the completion of an arbitrary ring w.r.p. a maximal ideal a local ring? [closed]

Give an arbitrary commutative ring (not necessarily noetherian) $A$ with $\mathfrak{m}$ a maximal ideal. Is the completion $\hat{A}$ w.r.t. the ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ a local ring? If so, is the maximal ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Regular commutative Banach algebras which are not closed under complex conjugate

Let $A$ be a semisimple commutative Banach algebra with the maximal ideal space $X$. Further, assume that $A$ is regular i.e. for every closed set $E\subseteq X$ and $x\in X\setminus E$, there is some ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### When does the Spectrum of a Commutative Hopf Algebra Separate Points?

Let $H$ be a (finitely generated) commutative Hopf algebra over the complex numbers. When is it true that, for every $g \in H$, we can always find an algebra map $f_g:H \to \mathbb{C}$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Vanishing of Andre-Quillen homology and injective dimension

Let $(A,m,k)$ be a commutative local ring.
Assume that for all $n\ge 3$, the Andre-Quillen homology modules $H_n(A,k,k)$ vanish.
Does this imply that $A$ has finite injective dimension over itself?
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Arithmetic Cohen-Macaulayness of curves/surfaces defined by weighted power sums in 3 variables

Pick $p,q,r$ complex numbers (I am most interested in the case when they are positive integers). Define the function
$P_i = px^i + qy^i + rz^i$
where $x,y,z$ are coordinates. I have a few related ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Completion of Bezout Domain a Bezout Domain?

Let $R$ be a Bezout domain, and $I$ any ideal inside of $R$. Is the $I$-adic completion
$$ \varprojlim_i R/I^i $$
necessarily a Bezout domain? If not, what conditions (on $R$ or $I$) might ensure that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### stability of discriminant curve of nonsingular nets of quadrics

The following are from this question:
A pencil of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is a line in $\mathbb{P}^N$, where $N=\frac{n(n+3)}{2}$. So the space of pencil of quadrics is the Grassmannian ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### A doubt from the paper “The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring”

I am currently reading the paper "The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring" by Eero Hyry. I have a doubt about the first part of Theorem 2.5. In the proof $(1)\iff ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

134 views

### Ideals in the I-adic completion of a ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring; does every ideal in the $I$-adic completion of $R$
$$ \varprojlim_i R/I^i $$
arise as the $I$-adic completion of some ideal inside of the original ring $R$?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### the annihilator of cokernel in a particular case

Let $A\in Mat(m,n;R)$ for $m\le n$ and $R$ a local ring. Consider the $mn\times(m^2+n^2)$ matrix $A\otimes 1_{nn}\oplus 1_{mm}\otimes A^T$, here $1_{mm}$, $1_{nn}$ are identity matrices. I'd like to ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

528 views

### Descent of functions along finite birational morphisms

Let $A\to B$ be a morphism of (unitary commutative) rings such that $B$ is module-finite over $A$ and there exists $f\in A$ which is a nonzerodivisor in $A$ and in $B$, with $A[1/f]\to B[1/f]$ an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Vertices of a polytope as algebra generators

I am wondering if the following kind of objects has some name, or are there any studied examples. I apologize for perhaps too specific definition, this is an adoptation of a situation that arises in ...