Commutative rings, modules, ideals, homological algebra, computational aspects, invariant theory, connections to algebraic geometry and combinatorics.

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4
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0answers
27 views

Integral basis of an extension of complete fields

Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be a complete discrete valuation ring with quotient field $K = \text{Quot}(A)$. Let $L | K$ be an arbitrary finite field extension. Because $K$ is henselian, the integral closure $\...
5
votes
0answers
53 views

When is a given polynomial a square of another polynomial?

I meet a problem in which I hope to show a special polynomial is not a square of another polynomial. More precisely, let's consider the polynomial $f(x):= 1-x+2bx^n-2bx^{n+1}-b^2x^{2n-1}+2b^2x^{2n}-b^...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Affine open subsets for algebraic group actions

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $K$ of characteristic zero. Assume that $G$ acts on an affine variety $X$. Assume that $X$ contains an open orbit $U$ (so $\...
-2
votes
0answers
35 views

In algebraic system, what consequences brings having two elements whose powers greater than 1 coincide? [on hold]

In algebraic system, what consequences brings having two elements (say, $w_1$ and $w_2$) whose powers greater than 1 coincide? Will the exponentiation or taking root become ambiguiuos given that $w_1$...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Question on Hochschild cohomology

Let given ring $A$ without zero divisors and subring $\mathbf{k}\subset Z(A)$. Let also given $M~-$ $A~-$ bimodule, such that $xm = mx, \forall x\in \mathbf{k}, m\in M$. Is it true that if for $\...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

A right adjoint to the truncated Witt functor?

For any ring $A$, let $\mathrm{wEt}_A$ be the category of weakly etale $A$-algebras ; it is a cocomplete category. By a theorem of Van der Kallen, the truncated Witt vector functor $$ W_r : \mathrm{...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Monomial algebras and depth

Let $R:=k[x_1,\ldots, x_n]$ be the standard polynomial ring. Let $I\subseteq R$ be a monomial ideal of height $\ge 2,$ and $\{\ell_1, \ldots, \ell_{t}\}\subseteq R_1$ an $R$-regular sequence. Assume $...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Quotient of Cohen-Macaulay ring

Let $A$ be a Cohen-Macaulay ring, and $I$ an ideal of $A$. What can we say about $\operatorname{depth}(A/I)$? I know that $\operatorname{depth}(A/I)\le \dim(A/I)$.
5
votes
2answers
195 views

Criterion for being reflexive via Ext

In this question it was claimed that if a module $M$ over a noetherian domain $R$ satisfies $\rm{Ext}^i(M,R)=0$ for $i=1,2$, then $M$ is reflexive. Is this true? Does someone know a reference or a ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Does the integral closure of a normal local ring in a finite extension of its fraction field have finite projective dimension?

Let $A$ be a normal local domain with field of fractions $K$. Let $L$ be a finite separable extension of $K$ (if relevant, I'm happy to assume all possible ramification is tame), and let $B$ be the ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Lifting sections to completion of closed subschemes

Let $R$ be a reduced finite type $\bar{k}$-algebra, a projective morphism $\pi \colon V \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ and ideals $I, J \subseteq R$. Assume there is a split $s_{IJ} \colon \mathrm{Spec}...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Intersection of two curves is not Cohen Macaulay

Let be $R=\mathbb{C} \lbrace x,y,z \rbrace$ the formal series ring and let $f_{1},f_{2},f_{3} \in R$ be nonzero elements of $R$. (a) Consider the varieties $M:=V(f_{1},f_{2})$ and $N:=V(f_{2},f_{3})$ ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How to compute graph ideal or cut ideal of a graph?

Graph ideals are a special case of Stanley-Reisner ideal, explained in Combinatorial Commutative Algebra book by Sturmfels, and graph ideals here. Graph ideals are generated by the minimal paths while ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Criterion for a polynomial ideal to be radical

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field, and let $I$ be an ideal of $K[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ ($n \geq 2$). We suppose that for all $i$, and for all $a_1,\dots,a_{i-1},a_{i+1},\dots,a_n \in K^{n-1}$, the ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Quotient of Dedekind domains

Is there any characterization for a commutative ring to be a quotient of a Dedekind domain?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Cut ideal of two graphs?

Consider a connected graph $G$ and a connected graph $H$. Their graph ideals are their path ideals. The Alexander duality of the graph ideals give the cut ideals. $G$ and $H$ are not connected to each ...
4
votes
1answer
188 views

A property of minimal prime ideals in commutative reduced ring

Let $\{\mathfrak{p}_i\}_{i\in I}$ ($I$ is an infinite set) be a family of minimal prime ideals in a commutative reduced ring $R$ with identity, and let $a, b \in R$. If the ideal $\langle a, b\rangle$...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Structure of valuations on $\mathbb{F}_q(X,Y)$?

I'm looking to construct all valuations on $\mathbb{Q}(X,Y)$ extending the p-adic valuation on $\mathbb{Q}$ and understand their structural properties. In doing this, to obtain 3 dimensional valuation ...
4
votes
0answers
101 views

A sufficient condition for a morphism to be a closed immersion?

Let $R$ be an integral $\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p$-algebra of finite type, let $V$ be an $R$-algebra. Consider a morphism $f \colon \mathrm{Spec}(V) \rightarrow \mathbb{A}^n_R$ that has the following ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Reversing the arrows-dual theorems

When one studies homological algebra one learns some basic stuff-diagram chasing, long exact sequences associated to short exact sequence of complexes and so on. Usually one works out the details with ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

is the “reduction” of an effective cartier divisor on a relative curve still a cartier divisor?

Let $C\rightarrow S$ be a smooth proper morphism of relative dimension 1, where $S$ is a Noetherian normal scheme. Let $D\hookrightarrow C$ be a relative effective Cartier divisor finite over $S$. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Image of a Weil divisor (height 1 prime) under normalization map

Let $R$ be a noetherian integral domain and let $R'$ be the normalization of $R$ in a finite field extension of the fraction field of $R$. Let $\varphi:Spec(R') \rightarrow Spec(R)$ be the ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Spivakovski-Popescu-Neron desingularisation

For $A \colon= {\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,...,X_d]]$, by generalising Popescu-Neron's method, Spivakovski proved that $A$ is written by smooth sub-algebras. That is, $A \cong \underset{\lambda \in \Lambda}{\...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Hochschild cohomology of smooth commutative algebra

The beautiful Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg theorem tells us $HH^*(A,A)=\wedge^* \text{Der}(A)$ for a smooth affine algebra $A$. I wonder what happens when we consider $HH^*(A,A\otimes A)$, where $A\...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Properties of a subring of a 'completion' of k(X_1, X_2, …, X_n)

I'm looking for a reference in commutative algebra for the properties of the ring made of polynomials in $n$ indeterminate over a field $k$ with "real exponents". I don't even know the name of this ...
4
votes
0answers
152 views

'Noether normalization' for finite group schemes

Throughout let $p$ be a prime, and let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$. Let $G$ be a compact Lie group. Such a $G$ can always be embedded as a closed subgroup of $SU(n)$ for some $n$. This ...
0
votes
0answers
127 views

Localisation of the formal power series ring

Let $A \colon= K[[X_1,...,X_d]]$ be a formal power series ring of $d$-variables over a field $K$. Let ${\frak a}$ be a height $r$ prime of $A$ given by ${\frak a} \colon= (f_1,...,f_r)$, where $f_1 ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Inverse Galois Problem ; Galois group of some branched cover of $P^{1}$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}$

I was trying to read a paper on Inverse Galois problem . I understands what the inverse Galois problem is. It asks if every finite group is the Galois group of some extension of the rationals. The ...
1
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0answers
70 views

Explicit construction of a bielliptic curve

Let $C$ be a (projective smooth complex) curve such that $K_C=2(D+p)$, with $D+p$ defining a $g_7^2$; $p$ is a base point and $D$ defines a 2-to-1 map $\varphi:C\rightarrow E\subset\mathbb{P}^2$ onto ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Generalized height of elements in abelian groups

In the book Infinite abelian groups Vol. I by L. Fuchs, on page 154, the notion of the generalized $p$-height of an element in an abelian group is defined, as follows: Let $A$ be an abelian group ...
-1
votes
0answers
124 views

An ideal and its annihilator

Let $I$ be an arbitrary ideal of commutative ring $R$ with identity. If $ann (I)=AB$, where $A$ and $B$ are comaximal, how can we fine two ideal $I_1$ and $I_2$ with $I=I_1+I_2$ such that $I_1$ ...
2
votes
3answers
380 views

Krull-dimension of local domain

Let $(R,{\frak m}_R)$ be a local domain (not necessarily Noetherian). That is, $R$ is integral and ${\frak m}_R$ is the unique maximal ideal of $R$. Suppose that ${\frak m}_R$ is finitely generated. ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Inverse limit of Noetherian rings

Let $R_i$ be a noetherian regular local ring of Krull dimension being finite. Suppose we are given a surjective homomorphism $\phi_{i,j} \colon R_{j} \twoheadrightarrow R_i$ for each $i,j$ with $j >...
-1
votes
0answers
157 views

Stalks of the sheaf

Let $X$ be a scheme. For $m < \infty$, given the surjection ${\cal O}_X^{\oplus m} \twoheadrightarrow {\cal F}$ between sheaves on $X$, where ${\cal O}_X$ is the structural sheaf of $X$. Choose a ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

On semi-complete ring K[X_1,X_2,…,X_∞]] and Popescu theorem

Let $P_n \colon= K[X_1,...,X_n]$ be a $n$-variables polynomial ring. We define 'semi-complete' polynomial ring $P_{\infty}$ by the following$\colon$ $P_{\infty} = K[X_1,...,X_\infty]] \colon = \...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Milnor patching for general modules

The Milnor patching theorem for projective modules is the following statement. Given a pullback diagram of rings $$ \begin{array}{} R & \xrightarrow{f_2} & R_2 \\ \downarrow{f_1} & &...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Characterizing the image of $D(A_f) \rightarrow D(A)$

Let $A$ be a ring and $f \in A$ an element. If $M$ is an $A$-module on which multiplication by $f$ is an isomorphism, then $M$ is in fact an $A_f$-module. Now suppose that $C \in D(A)$ is a complex ...
14
votes
2answers
369 views

Can you use Chevalley‒Warning to prove existence of a solution?

Recall the Chevalley‒Warning theorem: Theorem. Let $f_1, \ldots, f_r \in \mathbb F_q[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be polynomials of degrees $d_1, \ldots, d_r$. If $$d_1 + \ldots + d_r < n,$$ then the ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

Can K[[T_1,…,T_∞]] be embedded into K[[X,Y]]?

In the MathOverflow question about common false beliefs, the following answer teaches us that there is an embedding $\iota_n \colon K[[T_1,...,T_n]] \hookrightarrow K[[X,Y]]$. Now let us define the ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Is there a characterization of r(M) by local cohomology instead of Ext

For a Noetherian local ring $(R,m)$, and a finite $R$-module $M$ with $\operatorname{depth} M=t,$ type of $M$ is defined to be $r(M):=dim_{R/m}Ext^t \ (R/m, M).$ Is there a characterization of $...
13
votes
1answer
616 views

Non-isomorphic rings that are localizations of each other

Do there exist commutative rings $A$ and $B$ and multiplicative subsets $S\subseteq A$, $T\subseteq B$ such that $A\not\simeq B$ but $S^{-1}A \simeq B$ and $T^{-1} B\simeq A$? This question comes ...
13
votes
1answer
433 views

Why sum of three squares of real polynomials is a sum of two squares?

If $f(x),g(x)$ are real polynomials, then $f^2+g^2+1$ is a sum of two squares of polynomials. This easily follows from Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, but is there an argument avoiding it? What are ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

depth of ideal in polynomial ring

Let $R$ be a Noetherian local ring. Then the "depth" of an ideal $I$ measures the maximal length of regular sequence inside $I$. And $depth (R/I)$ measures the maximal length of regular sequence in ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Complete subring of F_p[[X]]

Pointed out on famous disbelief, I know now that there is an embedding $\iota_n \colon {\Bbb F}_p[[T_1,...,T_n]] \hookrightarrow {\Bbb F}_p[[X,Y]]$ for any $n \leq \infty$. Then I would like to ask ...
6
votes
0answers
217 views

On describing a sort of “well-behaved” subgroups of a free abelian group

I found this question when I tried to figure out what kind of subgroups of a free abelian group behave just as well as in the finitely generated case. Let $M$ be a free abelian group and $N$ a ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Macaulayfications and standard blow-ups

Let $X$ be an affine variety such that $X-p$ is Cohen-Macaulay, and let $\pi \colon \widetilde{X} \rightarrow X$ be a standard blow-up of $X$ with respect to $\mathcal{O}_X$, centered at $p$. It is ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Behaviour of an étale morphism under Galois action on points

Consider the following situation. Let $k$ be a characteristic $0$ field, and consider an étale morphism of $k$ schemes $f:X\rightarrow Y$. Moreover, let $K$ and $L$ be two extension fields of $k$ such ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

Characterizing flatness in terms of pulling back relative schemes

All schemes are assumed to be noetherian (and maybe separated just in case) Here is a (possible) definition of flatness: Definition 1 (flatness): A morphism of schemes $f: X \to Y$ is flat iff ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Popescu-Neron Desingularization for K[[T_1,…,T_∞]]

Let $K[[T_1,...,T_n]]$ be a finitely many variables formal power series ring over a field $K$. Dorin Popescu proved that there are smooth algebras $A_{\lambda}$'s which are of finite type over $K$ ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Coherence of subrings of K[[X,Y]]

Let $K[[X,Y]]$ be a two-variables formal power series ring over a field $K$. Consider a sub-ring $\iota \colon A \subset K[[X,Y]]$. Q. Is A coherent? $\quad$ Or is it automatic that $\iota$ is ...