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3
votes
1answer
63 views

Uncountable divisible groups and the existence of order-preserving ismorphisms of their subsetss

Let $(G,+,0,<)$ be an ordered divisible group of uncountable dimension. Consider the subset $G^{<0}$ of $G$. Question: Are $G$ and $G^{<0}$ isomorphic as ordered sets? Does there exists an ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Finitely generated subrings of $\mathbb{R}$ are finitely approximable

In Ivanov's Finite Approximability of Modular Teichmüller Groups, for the proof of Lemma 2, the following is stated: Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and $\tau: G \to \operatorname{PSL}(2,\...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Left- and right-sided principal ideals of quaternions have same index?

One fact about the Lipschitz integers (quaternions of the form $a + bi + cj + dk$ where $a, b, c, d$ are integers) is that the left-sided ideal generated by any element $Q$ has the same index in the ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Have semigroups with actions on themselves that have a dual to the compatibility axiom ever been studied?

For a semigroup $G$ with a left action on itself, the axiom for compatibility becomes: $$ \forall f,g,h\in G:hg(f)=h(g(f)) $$ Now suppose there is additional axiom, or constraint if you prefer, ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

Maximal group image!

How does one prove: if $S$ is a finitely generated Clifford semigroup its maximal group image is actually $S_{e_{n}}$?
8
votes
1answer
263 views

$k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ is free iff $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G \otimes \text{Harm}(\mathbb{R}^n, G) \to k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ isomorphism?

For any subgroup $G \subset \text{GL}_n(\mathbb{R})$ the set $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]^G$, of $G$-invariant polynomials, is a graded subalgebra of $\mathbb{C}[x_1, \dots, x_n]$, resp. the set $\...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Milnor patching for general modules

The Milnor patching theorem for projective modules is the following statement. Given a pullback diagram of rings $$ \begin{array}{} R & \xrightarrow{f_2} & R_2 \\ \downarrow{f_1} & &...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

What are the fixed points of $\beta_j^{-n}[\alpha^n--\beta_j^{n-1}\mu_j-\beta_j^{n-2}\mu_j-…-\mu_j]$ for a fixed $j$ [closed]

Let us consider the polynomial ring $\Bbb C[x_1,...,x_s]$ and $\alpha(x_i)= \beta_i x_i + \mu_i$ where $\mu_i \in \Bbb C$ are not all zero. Then $\alpha \in \mathrm{Aut}(\Bbb C[x_1,...,x_s])$. ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Isomorphisms between extension group and $\mathfrak{u}$-cohomology

Let $\mathcal{O}^{\mathfrak{p}}$ be a parabolic subcategory (see, Humphrey's BGG's Ch.9) of the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ (w.r.t the Cartan $\mathfrak{h}$ and Borel $\mathfrak{b}$) over a finite-...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

4-D lattices and quaternion

It is easy to prove that there are only 2 extensions $\mathbb{Q}(a)$, with $|a|=1$, of $\mathbb{Q}$ where $\mathbb{Z}[a]$ becomes a lattice(discrete free abelian subgroup of rank 2) in the complex ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

In commutativity theorems in ring theory

Suppose that $R$ is a ring such that for any $x\in R$ there exists $1<n(x)\in \mathbb{N}$ such that $x^{n(x)}-x\in Z(R)$. Prove that $R$ is commutative or if it is not commutative, then the ideal ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Generalized height of elements in abelian groups

In the book Infinite abelian groups Vol. I by L. Fuchs, on page 154, the notion of the generalized $p$-height of an element in an abelian group is defined, as follows: Let $A$ be an abelian group ...
-1
votes
0answers
124 views

An ideal and its annihilator

Let $I$ be an arbitrary ideal of commutative ring $R$ with identity. If $ann (I)=AB$, where $A$ and $B$ are comaximal, how can we fine two ideal $I_1$ and $I_2$ with $I=I_1+I_2$ such that $I_1$ ...
0
votes
2answers
725 views

Maximal subgroups of a finite p-group

I want to prove the following: Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group that is not cyclic. Let $L \ne {1}$ be a subgroup of $G$ and $U$ be a maximal subgroup of L then there exists a maximal subgroup $...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Division ring on a field

Suppose that $F$ is a field. Show that there exists a $F$-division algebra $D$ with two elements $a\neq b\in D$ such that $a^2-2ab+b^2=0$. In the field extensions we know that $a^2-2ab+b^2=0$ if and ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Relation between the Frattini Property and Pronormal subgroups of Solvable groups

A subgroup $H$ of $G$ is said to satisfy the Frattini Property if for any subgroup $K$ and $L$ such that $H\leq K \unlhd L$ implies that $L \leq N_L(H)K$ A subgroup is $H$ is pronormal in $G$ if for ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Realization of irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules and the representation theory of Lie algebra

Let $n$ be a positive integer. It is well-known that a method to realize irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules is to construct the so-called Specht modules $S^{\mu}$ which are submodules in the so-...
12
votes
1answer
534 views

Duality between topology and bornology

I want to understand in what sense topology is dual to bornology at a most basic level. Therefore, I rephrased the definition of a bornology in the following way: Let $X$ be a set and let $\mathcal{P}...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Binary operations on graphs

Are there "binary operations" on graphs like in (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graph_product), which make the set of all graphs ("under consideration") a (abelian) group or a (commutative) ring or a ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Explicit description of fields with ramification conditions

Let us fix an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0. If I understood correctly, the Riemann Existence theorem guarantees us existence of the field (Galois-)extension, say $F$, of $k(t)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

A paper by Y. Morita

The corresponding bibliographical details are: Yoshihito Morita, Elementary proofs of the commutativity of rings satisfying $x^{n}=x$. Mem. Defense Acad. 18 (1978), no. 1, 1–24. Does anybody here ...
74
votes
2answers
7k views

When is the tensor product of two fields a field?

Consider two extension fields $K/k, L/k$ of a field $k$. A frequent question is whether the tensor product ring $K\otimes_k L$ is a field. The answer is "no" and this answer is often justified by ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

The center of a(n endomorphism) ring is a PID

Let $A$ be a torsion-free Abelian group, and let $\mbox{End}(A)$ be its endomorphism ring. Denote by $R\doteq\mathbf{Z}(\mbox{End}(A))$ the center of $\mbox{End}(A)$. What would be necessary and/or ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

when a prime ideal is maximal differential ideal in a UFD

Is the prime ideal $\langle X^{2}+Y^{2}-1\rangle$ a maximal differential ideal in differential ring $\mathbb{Q}[X,Y]$ with derivatives $D(X)=Y, D(Y)= -X$? I know there are maximal ideals like $\...
9
votes
10answers
8k views

Learning Algebra & Group Theory on my own [closed]

I'm learning Algebra & Group Theory, casually, on my own. Professionally, I'm a computer consultant, with a growing interest in the mathematical and theoretical aspects. I've been amazed with ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Are the positive multiplicative group and the additive group of the field of algebraic numbers isomorphic?

Let $F$ be the field of real algebraic numbers. Is it true that the positive multiplicative group $(F_{pos}^*,\cdot,1)$ is isomorphic to the additive group $(F,+,0)$ (as abstract groups, not ...
77
votes
2answers
3k views

$A$ is isomorphic to $A \oplus \mathbb{Z}^2$, but not to $A \oplus \mathbb{Z}$

Are there abelian groups $A$ with $A \cong A \oplus \mathbb{Z}^2$ and $A \not\cong A \oplus \mathbb{Z}$?
2
votes
1answer
99 views

An isomorphic invariant in ring theory

Let $R$ be a unital ring. We define the Murray Von Neumann relation $M$ on $R$ as follows: We say $a M b$ iff $a=xy,\;b=yx$ for some $x,y\in R$. (This is inspired by the usual Murray Von Neumann ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

How can the Cayley table for the elements of basis of a Cayley-Dickson algebra be summarized in an algebraic expression?

One would be able to construct a Cayley table that has all $e_i$ elements of the basis of algebra $A$ where $0<i<\dim A$ such that $e_0=1$, $e_1=i$, $e_2=j$ and so on. I'm looking for an ...
11
votes
4answers
383 views

Real and Quaternionic Representations according to Weights

According to this question, it is easy to know whether a representation is self dual or not: just check if the weight distribution in space is symmetric about the origin. Now, for self dual ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Existence of class modules for finite groups

I asked the following question on Stackexchange and got no reply so I am reposting it here. Let $G$ be a finite group. A $G$-module C is a class module if, for all subgroups $H \subset G$: 1) $H^1(H,...
18
votes
3answers
463 views

Local Inverse Galois Problem

It's a basic fact that a finite Galois extension $L/K$ of a local nonarchimedian field $K$ has solvable (in fact supersolvable) Galois group $G$. One sees this by using the ramification filtration $...
22
votes
7answers
2k views

Invariant Polynomials under a Group Action (hidden GIT)

Let's say I start with the polynomial ring in $n$ variables $R = \mathbb{Z}[x_1,...,x_n]$ (in the case at hand I had $\mathbb{C}$ in place of $\mathbb{Z}$). Now the symmetric group $\mathfrak{S}_n$ ...
15
votes
1answer
812 views

Has anything ever been done with the set $\{1,2,3,4,\ldots\}$ equipped with the operation $a \oplus b = a+b-1$ and the usual notion of multiplication?

Definition. $$\mathbb{J} = \{1,2,3,\ldots\}.$$ We can refer to the elements of $\mathbb{J}$ as "joiners." The product of joiners is inherited from $\mathbb{Z}$. The sum of joiners will ...
6
votes
2answers
722 views

Tensor product of fields over integers

Inspired by this question we ask; Is there a name for each of the following properties about fields? what are some examples other than $\mathbb{Q}$?: 1.A field $K$ with the property that $K\otimes_{...
5
votes
2answers
332 views

Splitting subspaces and finite fields

Hellow. I'm sure that the following is truth, but I can't prove it. Let $R<S<K, R=\mathrm{GF}(q),\ S= \mathrm{GF}(q^n), \ K= \mathrm{GF}(q^{mn})$ be a chain of finite fields and $A = \{\theta\...
-1
votes
1answer
221 views

Order-Perserving Bijection $f:A\to A^*$?

Let $A$ be a well-quasi-ordered infnite set. Does there exist an order-preserving bijection $f:A\to A^*$, where $A^*$ is the free monoid over $A$ under the subword ordering? Would this subword ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

An example of an Azumaya algebra that isn't free over its centre

Azumaya originally defined an Azumaya algebra (which he called a proper maximally central algebra) to be an algebra A which is a free module of finite rank over its centre Z such that the natural map $...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

the linear span of all matrix coefficients is $C(G,\mathbb{C})$ where $G$ is a finite group

Theorem. Let $\{(R_{\alpha},V_{\alpha})\}$ be a complete set of inequivalent irreducible finite dimensional representations of a finite group $G$. Let $V_{R_{\alpha}}$ be the subspace generated by all ...
7
votes
1answer
275 views

For a new operation on a finite group of odd order giving a loop structure, when does this also gives a group

For finite groups $G$ of odd order, as $x \mapsto x^2$ is bijection (but no automorphism in general) then, we can define for each $g \in G$ the element $x^{1/2}$ by requiring $(x^{1/2})^2 = x$. Then ...
53
votes
1answer
2k views

$R$ is isomorphic to $R[X,Y]$, but not to $R[X]$

Is there a commutative ring $R$ with $R \cong R[X,Y]$ and $R \not\cong R[X]$? This is a ring-theoretic analog of my previous question about abelian groups: In fact, in any algebraic category we may ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

About Kurosch-Ore theorem

Where can I find the proof of Kurosch-Ore theorem in lattice theory? The statement of this theorem is: Let $L$ be a modular lattice with $0$ and $1$ that satisfies both chain conditions. Then for any ...
-2
votes
1answer
117 views

On group of automorphisms of direct product of nonabelian finite groups [closed]

Let $A, B$ be finite nonabelian groups such that $(|A|, |B|) = 1$. Is $\operatorname{Aut}(A\times B) = \operatorname{Aut}(A)\times\operatorname{Aut}(B)$?
3
votes
0answers
280 views

A relation between a ring with its polynomial ring

Let $\{f_i(x)\}_{i\in I}$ be a subset of $R[x]$ where $R[x]$ is the polynomial ring of $R$(a commutative ring with identity). If the ring $R/\langle f_i^2(n)-f_i(n)\rangle_{i\in I, n\in A}$, for every ...
-1
votes
1answer
109 views

Notation for a Homomorphism [closed]

Is there a (common) notation which denotes a function, $f$, to be a homomorphism? I have found myself writing, "let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a homomorphism" several times. This is fine, but I would ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Description of the algebra of $G$-invariant polynomials by generators and relations

Fix $n > 1$ and let $\zeta \in \mathbb{C}$ be a primitive $n$-th root of unity. Let $G \subset \text{SL}_2(\mathbb{C})$ be a cyclic subgroup of order $n$ generated by the diagonal matrix $g = \text{...
-1
votes
1answer
84 views

Group associated to the monoid $({\cal P}(X\times X), \circ)$

Consider the set ${\cal P}(X\times X)$. It can be endowed with a binary operation $\circ$ where $$A\circ B = \{(a,b)\in X\times X:\exists z\in X((a,z)\in A\land (z,b)\in B)\}.$$ Note that $\Delta_X=\{...
9
votes
0answers
160 views

$A$-module is free if and only if equation involving Hilbert-Poincaré series holds, $M$ infinitely generated case

See my question here. Let $A = \oplus_{i \ge 0} A_i$ be a nonnegatively graded commutative algebra and $M$ a nonnegatively graded $A$-module. Assume in addition that $A_0 = k$ and all vector ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

Center of $k$-algebra with two generators and sole defining relation $yx - xy = 1$ when $\text{char}\,k > 0$

Let $A(k)$ be a $k$-algebra with two generators, $x$, $y$, and one defining relation: $yx - xy = 1$. What is the center of the algebra $A(k)$ in the case $\text{char}\,k > 0$?
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Is $K\cap \langle H\cup N\rangle‎\subseteq‎ \langle H\cup (K\cap N)\rangle$? [closed]

If $G$ is a arbitrary group, $H,K,N\leq G$ such that $H‎\subseteq‎ K$, then $K\cap \langle H\cup N\rangle‎\subseteq‎ \langle H\cup (K\cap N)\rangle$?. If it is not true, how can I find an ...