The abstract-algebra tag has no usage guidance.

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### indecomposable decomposition for a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. We say that $R$ has an indecomposible decomposition if it can be wrighten as a finite direct sum of indecomposiable rings.
Is there any characterization ...

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112 views

### Making idempotent element by a relation [on hold]

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and let $a, b \in R$ such that $a=ab$. How can we make a non zero idempotent element of $R$ by this relation?

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142 views

### Can we drop commutativity assumption?

Let $A$ be an associative algebra with a unit over a field $k$. fix $n > 1$. Define a $k$-algebra structure on the vector space $A^{\otimes n} = A \otimes_k \dots \otimes_k A$ (where there are $n$ ...

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58 views

### a question on maximal ideals in rings [closed]

If $R$ is a commutative ring with unit and $p$ is a prime number ($2,3,5,\cdots$), then is $pR$ a maximal ideal of $R$? If not what conditions should I impose on $R$? If $R$ is a field then it is not ...

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91 views

### Cardinality based results in Topological Vector Spaces?

Given a topological vector space $V$, let its density be the smallest cardinal $A$ such that a set of cardinality $A$ is dense in $V$. Naively, it seems one of two things happen:
TVS's $V$ of ...

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129 views

### An identity satisfied by “Differentiation”

I asked this question in MSE but I did not received any answer. So I repeat it here:
Assume that $C$ is a coalgebra with comultiplication $\Delta:C \to C\otimes C$. The higher order ...

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102 views

### Maximal group image!

How to prove that if S is a finitely generated Clifford semigroup its maximal group image is actually the S_{e_{n}}?

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### semigroups regular!

I am trying to prove that if a maximal group image G(S) of a Clifford semigroup S, is abelian-by-finite does the Clifford semigroup S is abelian-by- finte?

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56 views

### Jacobson radical of an indecomposable commutative ring [migrated]

Let $R$ be a commutative indecomposable ring with identity which has infinit many maximal ideals. Can we deduce that $Jacobson$ radical, $J(R)$, (the intersection of all maximal ideals)of $R$ is th ...

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21 views

### application of modular theory on matrices [migrated]

i am very new to group theory .... just started reading infact. I could really appreciate some guidance on the following problem with which i am stuck.
Let G be the set of all 2x2 matrices [a b c d] ...

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62 views

### Symmetric tensor powers as tensors over symmetric group algebra [migrated]

Let $V$ be a $k$-vector space and $V^{\otimes n}$ the $n$-fold tensor power of $V$ and let $\mathbb{S}_n$ be the symmetric group of an n-element set, with its signum representation denoted by ...

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49 views

### The trace ideal of a non zero $R$-module [migrated]

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and $M$ be a cyclic $R$-module, we may deﬁne the ideal $tr(M)$ associated with $M$, the sum of the ideals $f(M)$, for all $R$-homomorphisms $f \in ...

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125 views

### Is it possible to generalize a result of Wang?

Assume $A$ and $B$ are commutative algebras with $1$.
There is a nice result of Wang, Corollary 8, which says the following: "Let $B = A[z] = A[Z]/(h(Z))$. Then $B$ is a separable algebra over $A$ if ...

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### Finding minimal polynomials [migrated]

How would you find the minimal polynomial for $\zeta_5$ over $\mathbb{Q}(\cos(2\pi/5))$? I have tried setting $x=\zeta_5$ and factoring $$x^5-1=0 \rightarrow (x-1)(x^4+x^3+x^2+x+1)=0 $$ However after ...

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252 views

### When $mB \neq B$? $m$ is a maximal ideal of $A$, $A \subseteq B$

The following is a question I have asked here without receiving any comments, therefore I post it here:
Let $A \subseteq B$ be commutative rings, $m$ a maximal ideal of $A$.
When $mB \neq B$?
This ...

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### Do convolution and multiplication satisfy any nontrivial algebraic identities?

For (suitable) real- or complex-valued functions f and g on a (suitable) abelian group G, we have two bilinear operations: multiplication -
(f.g)(x) = f(x)g(x),
and convolution -
(f*g)(x) = ...

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**1**answer

347 views

### A particularly “natural” algebraic structure with three commutative, pairwise-distributive operations

EDIT: As mentioned in my answer below, I was mistaken in thinking Dirichlet convolution distributes over ordinary convolution. I'm leaving this question here for reference.
I keep stumbling on the ...

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305 views

### What is the motivation and purpose of the Floretion group?

When searching through the Oeis, I came across something called a floretion. Based on the context, it seems to be some sort of algebraic structure. I googled it and found nothing that explained their ...

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### Decompose a multivariate polynomial into a permutation on $F_{2^n}$ and an affine transformation

Let $S(x_1,...,x_n)=(y_1,...,y_n)$ be a secret permutation on $F_{2^n}$. $L$ is a secret $F_{2^n}\rightarrow R^{m}$ affine tranformation. $m$ can be smaller than $n$, while $n$ is ususally less than ...

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65 views

### Proving the algebraic independence of certain elements

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and $R$ be the polynomial ring $k[x_1,...,x_n,t_1,...,t_n]$. Let $P_i = (a_{i1}:a_{i2}:a_{i3})$ be $n$ points in the projective plane over $k$, such that not ...

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96 views

### How to check if argument of complex number is rational multiple of $\pi$ [closed]

Assume there is give a complex number $z\in \mathbb{C}$ of modul 1. Therefore it can written as $e^{i2\pi x}$. What are the known criteria for deciding if $x$ is a rational number???

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267 views

### Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes.
Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...

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245 views

### Subgroup of Projective general linear group on complete discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be a complete dvr and $k$ its residue field of positive characteristic.
Let $H$ be a finite subgroup of $PGL_2(k)$ such that the order of $H$ is prime with $char(k)$.
Is there some ...

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### Transitivity of discriminant for flat algebras

Sorry if the question doesn't feed this site, I'm reposting it from MSE. Nobody answered it there and I couldn't find the proof in general case(whenever it was mentioned the proof was referred to as a ...

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### What is the diameter of the Cayley graph of $S_n$ w.r.t the generator $\{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$? [duplicate]

Given a symmetric group $S_n $ and the generator set : $S = \{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$ is there any closed form expression for the diameter of the Cayley graph generated by this set of ...

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### Why is differential Galois theory not widely used?

E.R.Kolchin has developed the differential Galois theory in 1950s. And it seems powerful a tool which can decide the solvability and the form of solutions to a given differential equation.(e.g. ...

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291 views

### Real and Quaternionic Representations according to Weights

According to this question, it is easy to know whether a representation is self dual or not: just check if the weight distribution in space is symmetric about the origin.
Now, for self dual ...

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### Separability of a simple ring extension

Assume $A=K[x,y]\subset K[x,y][w]=B$, $K$ is a field of characteristic zero, $w$ is integral over $A$ (so $B$ is a f.g. $A$-module), but $w$ is not in the field of fractions of $A$, and $B$ is an ...

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### How can the Cayley-table for the elements of basis of a Cayley-Dickson algebra be summarized in an algebraic expression?

One would be able to construct a Cayley table that has all $e_i$ elements of the basis of algebra $A$ where $0<i<\dim A$ such that $e_0=1$ and $e_1=i$ and $e_2=j$ and so on. I'm looking for an ...

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### Why Jacobson, but not the left (right) maximals individually?

I firstly asked the following question on MathStackExchange a couple of months ago. I did not receive any answers, but a short comment. So, I decided to post it here, hoping to receive answers from ...

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### What are some examples of non-commutative $\mathbb{Q}$-monoids and/or $\mathbb{R}$-monoids?

Definition 0. Let $R$ denote a commutative semiring with $0$ and $1$. By an $R$-monoid, I mean a monoid $M$ equipped with an action $R \times M \rightarrow M$ denoted $r,m \mapsto m^r$, satisfying the ...

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### Classification of symplectic representations of quaternion division algebras

I would like to know the classification of representations of the form $\rho:B^{\times}\to Sp(V,F)$ or ($Gsp(V)$), where $B$ is a quaternion division algebra over a number field $F$ (or ...

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### Stanley-Reisner ring of a simplicial complex is a functor?

Let $K$ bea field and $[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$ and $K[x]=K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. For $\sigma=\{i_1,\ldots,i_k\}\subseteq [n]$, denote $x_\sigma=x_{i_1}\cdots x_{i_k}=\prod_{i\in\sigma}x_i\in K[x]$. Let ...

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### Is there any research of universal algebras axiomatized by non-Horn clauses?

A Horn clause in the language of a universal algebra is a disjunction of equations and of at most one inequality
("equation" and "inequality" are the terms used by A.Horn in his paper "On sencences ...

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113 views

### Does there exist a continuous surjection? [closed]

Let $C$ be an irreducible projective cubic in $\mathbb{P}_2$ with a singular point $p$. So consider $f: \mathbb{P}_1 \to C$ defined as follows. Identify $\mathbb{P}_1$ with the set of lines in ...

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220 views

### Can you “combine” Ord and Mon to get Cat?

Mon is the category of moniods, which can be seen as categories with one object. Ord is the category of preorders, which can be seen as categories with up to one morphism in each homset.
Is there ...

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173 views

### Why do we not lose any generality by proving it only for finitely generated groups [closed]

In the proof of following theorem, in a paper by Farkas-
Here $\Delta(G) = \{ g \in G : |G:C_G(g)| < \infty \}$ and $U_1(\mathbb{Z}G) $ is the set of normalized units of the integral group ring ...

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### Obstructions for a group to be the multiplicative group of a field [duplicate]

It is well known that every finite multiplicative subgroup of a field is cyclic.
I somehow got interested in a possible reverse implication:
Assume we have an abelian group $G$ whose every finite ...

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### Consequences of not requiring ring homomorphisms to be unital?

As defined in many modern algebra books, a homomorphism of unital rings must preserve the unit elements: $f(1_R)=1_S$. But there has been a minority who do not require this, one prominent example ...

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### the direct sum of injective modules need not be injective

The Bass-Papp Theorem asserts that a commutative ring $R$ is Noetherian iff every direct sum of injective $R$-modules is injective. Thus every non-Noetherian ring carries a counterexample.
If
$$
I_1 ...

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384 views

### $\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group.
Denote the ...

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185 views

### Solvable Lie algebras: embedded in upper triangular matrices?

Let $K$ be an arbitrary field and $\mathfrak{g}$ a finite-dimensional Lie $K$-algebra.
Let $\mathfrak{nil}_n\leq\mathfrak{sol}_n\leq\mathfrak{gl}_n$ be the Lie algebras of all ((strictly) ...

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181 views

### Counting zero-sum free sequences of a given length in $\mathbb{Z}_n$

Let $n$ and $d$ be positive integers. Define $\alpha_n^d$ to be the number of vectors $(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_d)$ in $\mathbb{Z}_n^d$ such that given any subset $S$ of $\{ 1, 2, 3, \cdots d\}$, ...

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96 views

### The automorphism groups of smallest grammars of a language string are isomorphic

Let $s \in \Sigma^*$ be a formal language string. Consider the automorphism group of $s$, defined to be the set of all permutations of positions of $s$ that leave $s$ fixed. For instance $G(abab) = ...

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### When does a faithful module have an element with zero annihilator?

This is a follow up of Example of a finitely generated faithful torsion module over a commutative ring.
Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a commutative ring $R$ with the property that ...

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### What is the maximal number of sub spaces of a fixed dimension such that there is another sub space which intersects them are all null

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be the finite field with $q$ elements. Suppose $V$ is a linear space of dimension $n$ over $\mathbb F_q$, and $r<n$. What is the maximal $k$ such that for arbitrary $k$ subspaces ...

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### Useless math that became useful

I'm writing an article on Lychrel numbers and some people pointed out that this is completely useless.
My idea is to amend my article with some theories that seemed useless when they are created but ...

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371 views

### What kind of algebra is the class of ordered pairs equipped with the binary operation which forms them?

There are many definitions of ordered pair in set theory, but all such definitions have the characteristic property of ordered pair:
$ \ \ \ \ \ \ (x, y) = (x', y') \leftrightarrow \ (x = x' \ and \ ...

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### Can we give efficiently the solution of a bilinear system of equations over a finite field?

Consider a finite field $F$ and suppose we have a system of equations
$$h_1(\alpha,\beta)=0,h_2(\alpha,\beta)=0,...,h_t(\alpha,\beta)=0$$
where $\alpha=(\alpha_1,...,\alpha_s)$ and ...

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### Making an algebra the uniqe maximal one-sided ideal in another unital algebra

If $R$ is an algebra without a unit, then the standard unitisation $R^\sharp$ can have maximal one-sided ideals other than $R$. Thus, it is natural to ask about the following. Let $R$ be an algebra ...