The abstract-algebra tag has no wiki summary.

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### Abstract Algebra [migrated]

Show that a group that has only a finite number of subgroups must be a finite group.(Fraleigh, A First Course in abstract Algebra-7th Edition,pg.67) I could not show properly so I need help. Thank ...

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### An elementary question in abstract algebra [on hold]

Let K be a field and A be a K-algebra, then how can we show that $\lambda1_A=\lambda$ for $\lambda\in$K and $1_A$ is the identity of A?

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### SHPS and SPHS inequality using monounary algebra

Let $A_n = \{(1,\ldots,n) , f \}$ where $f(i) = (i+1)$ if $i \neq n $ otherwise $f(n) = 1$.
This describes a mono unary algebra.
The proof for $HPS \neq SPHS$ I know uses metabelian groups and was ...

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### Divisible torsion Z-modules

I am trying to prove that for any divisible torsion $\mathbb{Z}$-module $V$,
this map
$f:\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}\otimes\text{Hom}(\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z},V)\longrightarrow V$
is an isomorphism via
...

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### operations on ideals in a subring of number field

For three ideals $I, J$ and $K$ of a subring $R$ in a number field $L$,
does this equality hold in general?
$(I+J) \cap K = (I \cap K) + (J \cap K)$
I have no counterexample yet but I couldn't prove ...

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### Hochschild Homology Subalgebra

MY question is simple, suppose $R$ is a $CRing$, and $A$ is an $R$-a subaglebra of the $R$-algebra $B$.
Then, how is the Hochschild homology of $A$ with values in the $A$ bimoduile $M$ related to ...

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### What are the reasons for considering rings without identity?

I think a major reason is because Lie algebras don't have an identity, but I'm not really sure.

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### Positivstellensatz for non-polynomial term

Can we use Positivstellensatz (P-satz) below for a non-polynomial term?
P-satz:
Let $R$ be real closed field. Let $f,g,h$ be finite families of polynomials in $R[X_{1} ,...,X_{n}]$. Denote by P the ...

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### Misunderstanding in the hypotheses of Schlessinger's criterion

Good day to everyone.
In studying deformation theory of Galois representations, I've come surely to an error, relating Schlessinger's criterion.
Let's fix a representation $\bar{\rho}$ of a group ...

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### Supersets of P-finite sequences and rings

P-finite sequences are a superset of C-finite sequences. While doing programming work, the question came up what generalizations or supersets of P-finite sequences have people described. In other ...

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### Algebra generated by a tree [Edit] [closed]

Suppose that $(T,\leq)$ is a partially ordered set, we say $T$ is a tree* if for every $i\in T$, $\{s: s\in T, s\leq t\}$ is a well-founded chain.
What I need to know is: Can the algebra ...

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### Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes.
Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...

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### Problem with Smoothness and quasi-freeness

Let A be a unital associative algebra over a field k.
Then A is smooth if and only if X:=Spec(A) is smooth. That is $\Omega_{X|Spec(k)}$ is locally-free. The later module is isomorphic to ...

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### intersection growth of free profinite groups

Let $F_n$ be a free profinite group of finite rank $n$ and let $V_k$ denote the intersection of all open subgroups of $F_n$ of rank at most $k$ ($k \in \mathbb{N}$).
My questions are:
can I ...

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### Hall's paper on the profinite groups and Andre Weils “voisinage” notion

I am reading through a classical paper A Topology for Free Groups and Related Groups
by Marshall Hall Jr. in which profinite groups are defined for the first time.
There he defines on p. 129:
...

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### Decomposition results for locally commutative semigroups

Every finite abelian group is the direct product of its cyclic groups of prime order, and every commutative monoid divides a product of its cyclic submonoids. Could these results generalized to ...

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### Graded Betti Numbers of a Graded Ideal with Linear Quotients

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi:
Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a graded ideal which has linear quotients with respect to a homogeneous system of generators ...

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### Graded Betti Numbers of a Stable Monomial Ideal

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi:
Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a stable monomial ideal with $G(I)=\{u_{1},...,u_{m}\}$ and such that for $i<j$, either ...

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### Useless math that became useful

I'm writing an article on Lychrel numbers and some people pointed out that this is completely useless.
My idea is to amend my article with some theories that seemed useless when they are created but ...

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### About Linear Quotients of Square of an Ideal with Linear Quotients

Let $I$ be a monomial ideal generated by quadratic monomials $u_{1},...,u_{s}$ and suppose that $I$ has linear quotients with respect to this given ordering. Is it true or false that $I^{2}$ has ...

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### finite index, self-normalizing subgroup of $F_2$ [closed]

Denote $F_2=\langle a, b\rangle$ to be the free group on two generators $a, b$.
Let $H\leq F_2$ to be a subgroup with finite index $n$, so $H\cong F_{n+1}$ by Nielsen–Schreier theorem, recall that ...

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### How is a descent datum the same as a comodule structure?

For a homomorphism of commutative rings $f:R\to S$, there are at least two notions of a descent datum for this map. One of these is to be an $S$-module $M$, with an isomorphism $M\otimes_R S\cong ...

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### Abelian Subgroup in an infinite non-abelian 3-group

Does an infinite non-abelian 3-group of exponent greater than or equal to 9 has an infinite abelian subgroup?
I know that 2-groups and 3-group of exponent 3 has an infinite abelian subgroup. I wonder ...

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### What can we say about a semigroup that's acted on by an ideal of polynomials?

This got no response on MSE, so posting here.
Let $S = \{ (a,b) \in \Bbb{Z}^2 : \gcd(a,b) \neq 1 \} \cup (1,1)$. Then $S$ forms a semigroup. The operation being componentwise multiplication.
Let ...

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### An image of the hierarchy of algebraic structures

Hello! Does anybody know an image of a graph featuring the hierarchy of algebraic structures? Something rather complete.
So far I've found similar images describing the hierarchies of ...

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### Admissible finite groups

I want to know when an abelian group of even order is admissible (or has a complete map)? And when a nonabelian group of even order is admissible (or has a complete map)?
Thanks.

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### Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5}$

This is crossposted from MSE. The question:
Find the Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5},$ the dihedral group of order 10, over the ﬁeld $\mathbb{F}_{3}.$
I have shown that the irreducible ...

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### Does this solution guarantee $det(A)=0$ where $A\in M(R)$? [closed]

Suppose $R$ is a commutative ring with identity $1$ and the following matrix equation holds:
$\begin{pmatrix} a_n & & \\
\vdots & \ddots & \\
a_1 ...

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### Monomial ideals: isomorphism problem for commutative algebras?

Theorem 5.27 in Polytopes, Rings, and K-Theory (Bruns, Gubeladze - 2009 - Springer SMM) claims:
Let $K$ be a field and $I\!\unlhd\!K[x]= K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and ...

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### Varieties of rational languages and (pseudo-)varieties of finite monoids, question regarding closure property

Let $\mathcal Rat(A)$ denote the class of rational (or regular) languages over the alphabet $A$, a subset $\mathcal V(A) \subseteq \mathcal Rat(A)$ is called a variety of (rational) languages iff
...

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### Polynomiality of functions over residue rings

Suppose $\mathbb{Z}/m \mathbb{Z}$ is a residue ring for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$. If $m=p$ is a prime number then every function $f:\mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z}$ is a ...

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### $\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group.
Denote the ...

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### lattice coset counting

Let $m\geq 1$ be an integer and denote $B_m = \{-m, -m+1, \dots, m\}^n$.
Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module. By the structure theorem we can write
$$
\mathbb{Z}^n/M \simeq ...

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### sublattice generated by lattice points intersecting a convex set

Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module such that $\mathbb{Z}^n/M$ is free and $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded, symmetric (around $0$) convex set. Let $M'$ be the module generated by ...

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### How universal is operadic approach to studying algebras?

I have just started to read about operads, so this question might be silly.
So it seems to me that any "reasonable" class of algebras can actually be defined as a class of all algebras over a certain ...

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### Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...

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### Virtual algebraic calculation within proofs

It seems to me that the undergraduates I teach have particular difficulty with proofs that involve reasoning about algebraic calculations that arise only theoretically. Since I have in mind doing ...

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### Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.)
Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...

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### growth rate of $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$?

I am interested in the growth rate of this type of group: $G=\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$, where $\sigma(a)=\begin{pmatrix}x&y\\z&w\end{pmatrix}\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$, where $a$ is ...

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### Do convolution and multiplication satisfy any nontrivial algebraic identities?

For (suitable) real- or complex-valued functions f and g on a (suitable) abelian group G, we have two bilinear operations: multiplication -
(f.g)(x) = f(x)g(x),
and convolution -
(f*g)(x) = ...

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### motivation of filtered colimits

I am trying to move in categorical algebra beyond the basics. A Lawvere theory L is a small category with finite products. (I know that there also is a functor $(skeleton(FinSet))^{op}\to L$, which ...

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### If $F(a_1,\ldots,a_k)=0$ whenever $a_1,\ldots,a_k$ are integers such that $f(x)=x^k-a_1x^{k-1}-\cdots-a_k$ is irreducible, then $F\equiv0$

I'm trying to understand a proof of the following theorem (from section II of Hall's paper An Isomorphism Between Linear Recurring Sequences and Algebraic Rings):
If $F(a_1, \ldots, a_k)$ is a ...

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### Solving a system of rational functions

Given pairwise distinct numbers $c_1, c_2, \dots c_n \in \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$, does the system of equations $$\frac{6}{c_k} + \sum_{i \ne k} \frac{2}{c_k - c_i} = \sum_{i = 1}^n \frac{1}{c_k - ...

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### Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...

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### Lazard's $\Gamma_n(f)$ as cocycle

In Michel Lazard's "Commutative Formal Groups" Springer Lecture Notes, he defines an operator on a polynomial 3-cochain $f$ denoted $\Gamma_n(f)$, which defines as the $n^{th}$ homogeneous piece of ...

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### Stanley-Reisner ring of a simplicial complex is a functor?

Let $K$ bea field and $[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$ and $K[x]=K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. For $\sigma=\{i_1,\ldots,i_k\}\subseteq [n]$, denote $x_\sigma=x_{i_1}\cdots x_{i_k}=\prod_{i\in\sigma}x_i\in K[x]$. Let ...

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### “Symmetric” Polynomial 4-cocycles

It is an old theorem of Heaton's (based on work of Eilenberg and MacLane), that a polynomial 3-cocycle $f(x,y,z)$ which is "symmetric," in the sense that $f(x,y,z)-f(x,z,y)+f(z,x,y)=0$, is always a ...

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### English translation of Steinitz 1910?

Does there exist an English translation of Steinitz' 1910 work "Algebraische Theorie der Körper"?
http://www.digizeitschriften.de/dms/img/?PPN=GDZPPN002167042

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### Find a special element in group algebra

Let $$G=\langle x, y, z\mid xyx^{-1}=zy, xzx^{-1}=z, yz=zy\rangle,$$ denote $l^1(G)^{\times}$ to be the set of units in $l^1(G)$, which we have considered as a ring with multiplication defined by the ...

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### What is the origin of the term magma?

Wikipedia credits Bourbaki with coining it, but doesn't provide a source. Does anyone happen to know the motivation for using this term?