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-3
votes
1answer
107 views

SHPS and SPHS inequality using monounary algebra

Let $A_n = \{(1,\ldots,n) , f \}$ where $f(i) = (i+1)$ if $i \neq n $ otherwise $f(n) = 1$. This describes a mono unary algebra. The proof for $HPS \neq SPHS$ I know uses metabelian groups and was ...
3
votes
2answers
384 views

Divisible torsion Z-modules

I am trying to prove that for any divisible torsion $\mathbb{Z}$-module $V$, this map $f:\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}\otimes\text{Hom}(\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z},V)\longrightarrow V$ is an isomorphism via ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Positivstellensatz for non-polynomial term

Can we use Positivstellensatz (P-satz) below for a non-polynomial term? P-satz: Let $R$ be real closed field. Let $f,g,h$ be finite families of polynomials in $R[X_{1} ,...,X_{n}]$. Denote by P the ...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

operations on ideals in a subring of number field

For three ideals $I, J$ and $K$ of a subring $R$ in a number field $L$, does this equality hold in general? $(I+J) \cap K = (I \cap K) + (J \cap K)$ I have no counterexample yet but I couldn't prove ...
6
votes
2answers
371 views

Misunderstanding in the hypotheses of Schlessinger's criterion

Good day to everyone. In studying deformation theory of Galois representations, I've come surely to an error, relating Schlessinger's criterion. Let's fix a representation $\bar{\rho}$ of a group ...
-1
votes
1answer
158 views

Algebra generated by a tree [Edit] [closed]

Suppose that $(T,\leq)$ is a partially ordered set, we say $T$ is a tree* if for every $i\in T$, $\{s: s\in T, s\leq t\}$ is a well-founded chain. What I need to know is: Can the algebra ...
10
votes
0answers
197 views

Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes. Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

intersection growth of free profinite groups

Let $F_n$ be a free profinite group of finite rank $n$ and let $V_k$ denote the intersection of all open subgroups of $F_n$ of rank at most $k$ ($k \in \mathbb{N}$). My questions are: can I ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Hall's paper on the profinite groups and Andre Weils “voisinage” notion

I am reading through a classical paper A Topology for Free Groups and Related Groups by Marshall Hall Jr. in which profinite groups are defined for the first time. There he defines on p. 129: ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Decomposition results for locally commutative semigroups

Every finite abelian group is the direct product of its cyclic groups of prime order, and every commutative monoid divides a product of its cyclic submonoids. Could these results generalized to ...
-2
votes
1answer
177 views

finite index, self-normalizing subgroup of $F_2$ [closed]

Denote $F_2=\langle a, b\rangle$ to be the free group on two generators $a, b$. Let $H\leq F_2$ to be a subgroup with finite index $n$, so $H\cong F_{n+1}$ by Nielsen–Schreier theorem, recall that ...
9
votes
1answer
399 views

How is a descent datum the same as a comodule structure?

For a homomorphism of commutative rings $f:R\to S$, there are at least two notions of a descent datum for this map. One of these is to be an $S$-module $M$, with an isomorphism $M\otimes_R S\cong ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Abelian Subgroup in an infinite non-abelian 3-group

Does an infinite non-abelian 3-group of exponent greater than or equal to 9 has an infinite abelian subgroup? I know that 2-groups and 3-group of exponent 3 has an infinite abelian subgroup. I wonder ...
3
votes
0answers
150 views

What can we say about a semigroup that's acted on by an ideal of polynomials?

This got no response on MSE, so posting here. Let $S = \{ (a,b) \in \Bbb{Z}^2 : \gcd(a,b) \neq 1 \} \cup (1,1)$. Then $S$ forms a semigroup. The operation being componentwise multiplication. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
470 views

Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5}$

This is crossposted from MSE. The question: Find the Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5},$ the dihedral group of order 10, over the field $\mathbb{F}_{3}.$ I have shown that the irreducible ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Does this solution guarantee $det(A)=0$ where $A\in M(R)$? [closed]

Suppose $R$ is a commutative ring with identity $1$ and the following matrix equation holds: $\begin{pmatrix} a_n & & \\ \vdots & \ddots & \\ a_1 ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Varieties of rational languages and (pseudo-)varieties of finite monoids, question regarding closure property

Let $\mathcal Rat(A)$ denote the class of rational (or regular) languages over the alphabet $A$, a subset $\mathcal V(A) \subseteq \mathcal Rat(A)$ is called a variety of (rational) languages iff ...
5
votes
1answer
229 views

Polynomiality of functions over residue rings

Suppose $\mathbb{Z}/m \mathbb{Z}$ is a residue ring for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$. If $m=p$ is a prime number then every function $f:\mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z}$ is a ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

sublattice generated by lattice points intersecting a convex set

Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module such that $\mathbb{Z}^n/M$ is free and $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded, symmetric (around $0$) convex set. Let $M'$ be the module generated by ...
6
votes
4answers
375 views

How universal is operadic approach to studying algebras?

I have just started to read about operads, so this question might be silly. So it seems to me that any "reasonable" class of algebras can actually be defined as a class of all algebras over a certain ...
8
votes
1answer
365 views

Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...
2
votes
1answer
619 views

Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.) Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

growth rate of $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$?

I am interested in the growth rate of this type of group: $G=\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$, where $\sigma(a)=\begin{pmatrix}x&y\\z&w\end{pmatrix}\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$, where $a$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

If $F(a_1,\ldots,a_k)=0$ whenever $a_1,\ldots,a_k$ are integers such that $f(x)=x^k-a_1x^{k-1}-\cdots-a_k$ is irreducible, then $F\equiv0$

I'm trying to understand a proof of the following theorem (from section II of Hall's paper An Isomorphism Between Linear Recurring Sequences and Algebraic Rings): If $F(a_1, \ldots, a_k)$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Solving a system of rational functions

Given pairwise distinct numbers $c_1, c_2, \dots c_n \in \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$, does the system of equations $$\frac{6}{c_k} + \sum_{i \ne k} \frac{2}{c_k - c_i} = \sum_{i = 1}^n \frac{1}{c_k - ...
3
votes
2answers
521 views

Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...
12
votes
2answers
376 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Lazard's $\Gamma_n(f)$ as cocycle

In Michel Lazard's "Commutative Formal Groups" Springer Lecture Notes, he defines an operator on a polynomial 3-cochain $f$ denoted $\Gamma_n(f)$, which defines as the $n^{th}$ homogeneous piece of ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

“Symmetric” Polynomial 4-cocycles

It is an old theorem of Heaton's (based on work of Eilenberg and MacLane), that a polynomial 3-cocycle $f(x,y,z)$ which is "symmetric," in the sense that $f(x,y,z)-f(x,z,y)+f(z,x,y)=0$, is always a ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

English translation of Steinitz 1910?

Does there exist an English translation of Steinitz' 1910 work "Algebraische Theorie der Körper"? http://www.digizeitschriften.de/dms/img/?PPN=GDZPPN002167042
2
votes
0answers
101 views

classification of rank $2$ $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra with invertible discriminant

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n$ be an integer. Let $A$ be an $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra of rank $2$ whose discriminant is non invertible. In Serre's book lecture on the mordell Weil theorem ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Find a special element in group algebra

Let $$G=\langle x, y, z\mid xyx^{-1}=zy, xzx^{-1}=z, yz=zy\rangle,$$ denote $l^1(G)^{\times}$ to be the set of units in $l^1(G)$, which we have considered as a ring with multiplication defined by the ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Example of a ring whose minimals are annihilators of idempotents?

I'm looking for examples† of rings with the property that for each $P={\rm Ann}_R(a)\in{\rm Min}(R)$ then $a\in R$ is idempotent (ie $a^2=a$) † other than domains!
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Is a certain group related to a primitive L function isomorphic to $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{\ell}/\mathbb{Q}_{\ell})$ for some $\ell$?

I define the notion of "Galois class of L functions" in the following way: $A$ is a Galois class of L functions if and only if the follwing three conditions hold simultaneously: 1) every element ...
3
votes
1answer
820 views

Diagonalize the simultaneous matrices and its background

For two $n \times n$ nonnegative definite Hermitian matrices $A$ and $B$ over the real number field $\mathbb R$: Question1:Is there always a nonsingular matrix $P$ over the same field $F$ ...
5
votes
1answer
434 views

What fields can be used for an inner product space?

Math people: The title is the question: What fields can be used for an inner product space? This question has been discussed in Math Stack Exchange with no definitive resolution. A similar question ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

How much do idempotent ultrafilters generate in terms of semigroups?

It is known that the set of ultrafilters on, say, the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$, can naturally be endowed with the structure of a compact topological left semigroup (which fails to be anything ...
0
votes
2answers
332 views

An exercise about Tor [closed]

Let $I$ and $J$ be two ideals in $A$. Show that $\operatorname{Tor}_{1} (A/I, A/J) =\frac {I \cap J} { IJ} $ and $Tor_{2} (A/I, A/J) =\ker(I \otimes_ {A}J \to IJ )$. The first Tor is not a ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Quivers for algebras which are not basic or unital.

Are there any definitions of quivers for algebras which are not basic or unital? I am reading the book Elements of the representation theory of associative algebras: volume one. The ordinary quivers ...
2
votes
2answers
478 views

Stanley-Reisner ring of a simplicial complex is a functor?

Let $K$ bea field and $[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$ and $K[x]=K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. For $\sigma=\{i_1,\ldots,i_k\}\subseteq [n]$, denote $x_\sigma=x_{i_1}\cdots x_{i_k}=\prod_{i\in\sigma}x_i\in K[x]$. Let ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Operating on a set of sequences - such as adding sequences and so on possible even when sequence is coded as number?

From http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/346680/operating-on-a-set-of-sequences-such-as-adding-sequences-and-so-on-possible-ev Suppose that there is a way to code some set of sequences into ...
1
vote
2answers
393 views

Semiring naturally associated to any monoid?

For any monoid $M$, we can naturally construct a semiring $S$ as follows: Let the additive monoid of $S$ be the free commutative monoid on $M$ Let the multiplicative monoid of $S$ be $M$ Then, if ...
12
votes
1answer
679 views

Number of idempotent $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_m$ ?

Is there any known formula for the number of idempotent $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_m$ ? The number of idempotent matrices over a finite field is well-known and since we can decompose $m$ ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

jacobian polynomial

Here is the question which could be quit difficult (but could be not): Let $C$ be a field of complex numbers and $f \in C[x,y]$ be a polynomial such that there exist $g \in C[x,y]$ and $Jac(f,g) \in ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Presentation of Semigroup

Is there a common presentation (set of equations) of the semigroup of functions on a given set(finite) ?
-1
votes
1answer
145 views

product of two non-decomposible (closed) polynomials

Let $C$ be the field of complex numbers. Polynomial $f \in K[x,y]$ is called closed or non-decomposible if $C[f]$ is algebraically closed (definition for $f \in K[x1,...,xn]$ is the same). Theorem. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Algebraic Morse theory

In 2005, prof. Emil Skoldberg developed a theory, similar to Forman's Discrete Morse Theory, but suited for arbitrary based chain complexes, in his Morse Theory from an algebraic viewpoint. I'm going ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

Hochschild homology and change of non-ground ring

Let $k$ be a field, $R$ is a commutative algebra over $k$ and $A$ is an associative algebra over $R$. There is a morphism of commutative algebras $R \to T$. Is it possible to reduce calculation of ...
6
votes
13answers
5k views

Useless math that became useful

I'm writing an article on Lychrel numbers and some people pointed out that this is completely useless. My idea is to amend my article with some theories that seemed useless when they are created but ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Clifford algebra is graded separable

Let $D$ be an algebra of odd differential operators on a free module $V$, this algebra is isomorphic to the Clifford algebra $Cl(V^* \oplus V)$. Let $m$ denote multiplication map $$m : D\otimes D \to ...