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0
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0answers
79 views

How the axioms of complete boolean algebras of sets can be expressed in terms of *arbitrary* unions and intersections? [closed]

Call abritrary union a unary set-theoretic operation denoted with a large symbol of union "$\bigcup$" like this: (1) $\ \ \ x \in \bigcup\mathbf{M} \iff (\exists A \in \mathbf{M},\ x \in A)$. I ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Upper bound on cardinality of a field [migrated]

Is there an upper bound on the cardinality of a field? The "biggest" fields I know are the field of real numbers, or the field of complex numbers. Is there a field with cardinality greater than ...
3
votes
3answers
227 views

What kind of algebra is the class of ordered pairs equipped with the binary operation which forms them?

There are many definitions of ordered pair in set theory, but all such definitions have the characteristic property of ordered pair: $ \ \ \ \ \ \ (x, y) = (x', y') \leftrightarrow \ (x = x' \ and \ ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Localization and Direct limit [migrated]

Let $ A $ be a ring. Let $ I $ be a preordered set, filtering. Let $ \Sigma $ a multiplicative subset of $ A $. Suppose for any given $ i \in I $ a multiplicative subset $ S_i $ of $ A $ contained ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

A category of partially-ordered commutative semirings; name/notation?

Organize $\mathbb{N} \cup \{-\infty\}$ as a semiring $S$ in the max-plus fashion. So in particular, we have $1_S = 0$ and $0_S = -\infty$. Then for every commutative semiring $R$, we get a degree ...
7
votes
2answers
480 views

Is there one binary operation foundational for set theory?

The membership relationship "$\epsilon$" is foundational for set theory, in the sense that the axioms of any set theory are formulated in the language of "$\epsilon$". Naturally, the question arises ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

If questions are formalized as ideals of a boolean algebra, what kind of algebra of questions appears from Stone representation theorem?

Affirmative propositions make up a Boolean algebra, and Boolean algebras became part of classical algebra for over one century ago - in this sense they are "simple". But I did not encounter in ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Isomorphism of real closed fields

Given two real closed fields $R_1$ and $R_2$ such that both have cardinality continuum, archimedean, but not necessarily complete. Assume further that they are back and forth equivalent (in the ...
13
votes
1answer
379 views

A weird question about two weird decompositions of $\mathbb{R}$ as a $\mathbb{Q}$-vector space

While working in a question about the affine group $\text{Aff}(\mathbb{R})$, I have come up with the following strange question about the real numbers: Question: Do there exist a non-trivial ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

How does Constructive Quantum Field Theory work?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, but it seems to me that two and three dimensional axiomatic quantum field theory were constructed as follow: the wightman axioms were formulated in euclidean space via ...
5
votes
1answer
354 views

Do all exact sequences $0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow A \oplus B \rightarrow B \rightarrow 0$ split for finitely generated abelian groups?

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are finitely generated Abelian groups. Are all exact sequences of the form $0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow A \oplus B \rightarrow B \rightarrow 0$ split? If not, is there an example? ...
1
vote
2answers
375 views

Given a formal power series ,decide whether there exists a polynomial the series satisfies and if it exists,how to write it down?

Given a formal power series $$y(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{\infty} a_i x^i$$ Is there an algorithm that decides whether there exists a polynomial$$ P(x,y)=p_n(x)y^n+p_{n-1}(x)y^{n-1}+\cdots+p_0(x)=0,p_j(x)\in ...
1
vote
0answers
232 views

Kunneth spectral sequence

In Rotman's Homological Algebra, 1st edition, there is written: Is every detail of 11.31-11.35 correct? Isn't the spectral sequence in 11.35 1st quadrant and not 3rd quadrant? Do 11.34-35 also ...
-3
votes
1answer
102 views

SHPS and SPHS inequality using monounary algebra

Let $A_n = \{(1,\ldots,n) , f \}$ where $f(i) = (i+1)$ if $i \neq n $ otherwise $f(n) = 1$. This describes a mono unary algebra. The proof for $HPS \neq SPHS$ I know uses metabelian groups and was ...
3
votes
2answers
340 views

Divisible torsion Z-modules

I am trying to prove that for any divisible torsion $\mathbb{Z}$-module $V$, this map $f:\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z}\otimes\text{Hom}(\mathbb{Q}/\mathbb{Z},V)\longrightarrow V$ is an isomorphism via ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Positivstellensatz for non-polynomial term

Can we use Positivstellensatz (P-satz) below for a non-polynomial term? P-satz: Let $R$ be real closed field. Let $f,g,h$ be finite families of polynomials in $R[X_{1} ,...,X_{n}]$. Denote by P the ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

operations on ideals in a subring of number field

For three ideals $I, J$ and $K$ of a subring $R$ in a number field $L$, does this equality hold in general? $(I+J) \cap K = (I \cap K) + (J \cap K)$ I have no counterexample yet but I couldn't prove ...
6
votes
2answers
358 views

Misunderstanding in the hypotheses of Schlessinger's criterion

Good day to everyone. In studying deformation theory of Galois representations, I've come surely to an error, relating Schlessinger's criterion. Let's fix a representation $\bar{\rho}$ of a group ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Supersets of P-finite sequences and rings

P-finite sequences are a superset of C-finite sequences. While doing programming work, the question came up what generalizations or supersets of P-finite sequences have people described. In other ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

Algebra generated by a tree [Edit] [closed]

Suppose that $(T,\leq)$ is a partially ordered set, we say $T$ is a tree* if for every $i\in T$, $\{s: s\in T, s\leq t\}$ is a well-founded chain. What I need to know is: Can the algebra ...
10
votes
0answers
179 views

Does every commutative variety of algebras have a cogenerator?

By a commutative variety $\mathcal{V}$ I mean a classical variety of algebras for some $(\Sigma,E)$, such that each pair of operations in $\Sigma$ commutes. Equivalently (i) every interpretation of ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

intersection growth of free profinite groups

Let $F_n$ be a free profinite group of finite rank $n$ and let $V_k$ denote the intersection of all open subgroups of $F_n$ of rank at most $k$ ($k \in \mathbb{N}$). My questions are: can I ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Hall's paper on the profinite groups and Andre Weils “voisinage” notion

I am reading through a classical paper A Topology for Free Groups and Related Groups by Marshall Hall Jr. in which profinite groups are defined for the first time. There he defines on p. 129: ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Decomposition results for locally commutative semigroups

Every finite abelian group is the direct product of its cyclic groups of prime order, and every commutative monoid divides a product of its cyclic submonoids. Could these results generalized to ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Graded Betti Numbers of a Graded Ideal with Linear Quotients

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi: Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a graded ideal which has linear quotients with respect to a homogeneous system of generators ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Graded Betti Numbers of a Stable Monomial Ideal

Exercise 8.8 in Monomial Ideals by Herzog and Hibi: Let $I\subset S=K[x_{1},...,x_{n}]$ be a stable monomial ideal with $G(I)=\{u_{1},...,u_{m}\}$ and such that for $i<j$, either ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

About Linear Quotients of Square of an Ideal with Linear Quotients

Let $I$ be a monomial ideal generated by quadratic monomials $u_{1},...,u_{s}$ and suppose that $I$ has linear quotients with respect to this given ordering. Is it true or false that $I^{2}$ has ...
-3
votes
1answer
121 views

finite index, self-normalizing subgroup of $F_2$ [closed]

Denote $F_2=\langle a, b\rangle$ to be the free group on two generators $a, b$. Let $H\leq F_2$ to be a subgroup with finite index $n$, so $H\cong F_{n+1}$ by Nielsen–Schreier theorem, recall that ...
9
votes
1answer
331 views

How is a descent datum the same as a comodule structure?

For a homomorphism of commutative rings $f:R\to S$, there are at least two notions of a descent datum for this map. One of these is to be an $S$-module $M$, with an isomorphism $M\otimes_R S\cong ...
2
votes
0answers
131 views

Abelian Subgroup in an infinite non-abelian 3-group

Does an infinite non-abelian 3-group of exponent greater than or equal to 9 has an infinite abelian subgroup? I know that 2-groups and 3-group of exponent 3 has an infinite abelian subgroup. I wonder ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

What can we say about a semigroup that's acted on by an ideal of polynomials?

This got no response on MSE, so posting here. Let $S = \{ (a,b) \in \Bbb{Z}^2 : \gcd(a,b) \neq 1 \} \cup (1,1)$. Then $S$ forms a semigroup. The operation being componentwise multiplication. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
421 views

Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5}$

This is crossposted from MSE. The question: Find the Wedderburn decomposition of $D_{5},$ the dihedral group of order 10, over the field $\mathbb{F}_{3}.$ I have shown that the irreducible ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Does this solution guarantee $det(A)=0$ where $A\in M(R)$? [closed]

Suppose $R$ is a commutative ring with identity $1$ and the following matrix equation holds: $\begin{pmatrix} a_n & & \\ \vdots & \ddots & \\ a_1 ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Varieties of rational languages and (pseudo-)varieties of finite monoids, question regarding closure property

Let $\mathcal Rat(A)$ denote the class of rational (or regular) languages over the alphabet $A$, a subset $\mathcal V(A) \subseteq \mathcal Rat(A)$ is called a variety of (rational) languages iff ...
0
votes
0answers
168 views

Monomial ideals: isomorphism problem for commutative algebras?

Theorem 5.27 in Polytopes, Rings, and K-Theory (Bruns, Gubeladze - 2009 - Springer SMM) claims: Let $K$ be a field and $I\!\unlhd\!K[x]= K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Polynomiality of functions over residue rings

Suppose $\mathbb{Z}/m \mathbb{Z}$ is a residue ring for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$. If $m=p$ is a prime number then every function $f:\mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}/p \mathbb{Z}$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

lattice coset counting

Let $m\geq 1$ be an integer and denote $B_m = \{-m, -m+1, \dots, m\}^n$. Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module. By the structure theorem we can write $$ \mathbb{Z}^n/M \simeq ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

sublattice generated by lattice points intersecting a convex set

Suppose that $M\subseteq \mathbb{Z}^n$ is a module such that $\mathbb{Z}^n/M$ is free and $S\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded, symmetric (around $0$) convex set. Let $M'$ be the module generated by ...
6
votes
4answers
360 views

How universal is operadic approach to studying algebras?

I have just started to read about operads, so this question might be silly. So it seems to me that any "reasonable" class of algebras can actually be defined as a class of all algebras over a certain ...
8
votes
1answer
334 views

Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...
2
votes
1answer
449 views

Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.) Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

growth rate of $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$?

I am interested in the growth rate of this type of group: $G=\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_{\sigma} \mathbb{Z}$, where $\sigma(a)=\begin{pmatrix}x&y\\z&w\end{pmatrix}\in SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$, where $a$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

If $F(a_1,\ldots,a_k)=0$ whenever $a_1,\ldots,a_k$ are integers such that $f(x)=x^k-a_1x^{k-1}-\cdots-a_k$ is irreducible, then $F\equiv0$

I'm trying to understand a proof of the following theorem (from section II of Hall's paper An Isomorphism Between Linear Recurring Sequences and Algebraic Rings): If $F(a_1, \ldots, a_k)$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Solving a system of rational functions

Given pairwise distinct numbers $c_1, c_2, \dots c_n \in \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$, does the system of equations $$\frac{6}{c_k} + \sum_{i \ne k} \frac{2}{c_k - c_i} = \sum_{i = 1}^n \frac{1}{c_k - ...
3
votes
2answers
469 views

Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...
11
votes
1answer
322 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

Lazard's $\Gamma_n(f)$ as cocycle

In Michel Lazard's "Commutative Formal Groups" Springer Lecture Notes, he defines an operator on a polynomial 3-cochain $f$ denoted $\Gamma_n(f)$, which defines as the $n^{th}$ homogeneous piece of ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

“Symmetric” Polynomial 4-cocycles

It is an old theorem of Heaton's (based on work of Eilenberg and MacLane), that a polynomial 3-cocycle $f(x,y,z)$ which is "symmetric," in the sense that $f(x,y,z)-f(x,z,y)+f(z,x,y)=0$, is always a ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

English translation of Steinitz 1910?

Does there exist an English translation of Steinitz' 1910 work "Algebraische Theorie der Körper"? http://www.digizeitschriften.de/dms/img/?PPN=GDZPPN002167042
2
votes
0answers
98 views

classification of rank $2$ $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra with invertible discriminant

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n$ be an integer. Let $A$ be an $\mathbb{Z}/p^n\mathbb{Z}$-algebra of rank $2$ whose discriminant is non invertible. In Serre's book lecture on the mordell Weil theorem ...