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3
votes
2answers
115 views

What is a Floretion?

When searching through the Oeis, I came across something called a floretion. Based on the context, it seems to be some sort of algebraic structure. I googled it and found nothing that explained their ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Subgroup of Projective general linear group on complete discrete valuation ring

Let $R$ be a complete dvr and $k$ its residue field of positive characteristic. Let $H$ be a finite subgroup of $PGL_2(k)$ such that the order of $H$ is prime with $char(k)$. Is there some ...
-1
votes
0answers
87 views

Meromorphic functions on $U^2 = T^3 + 1$, genus [on hold]

This question Asked in S.E but no, answer ,I would like to know how do i find a genus of $F$ . Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, and consider the quadratic extension $F$ of $k(T)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Transitivity of discriminant for flat algebras

Sorry if the question doesn't feed this site, I'm reposting it from MSE. Nobody answered it there and I couldn't find the proof in general case(whenever it was mentioned the proof was referred to as a ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Algebra of Ternary Groups

Group theory studies the properties of algebraic structures that combine a set of elements with a binary operation. Different structures such as Monoids, Semigroups, Groups, Rings, Fields etc demand ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

What is the diameter of the Cayley graph of $S_n$ w.r.t the generator $\{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$? [duplicate]

Given a symmetric group $S_n $ and the generator set : $S = \{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$ is there any closed form expression for the diameter of the Cayley graph generated by this set of ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{C}$ is not finitely generated as a $\mathbb{Z}$-module [migrated]

Let $ \mathbb{Z}^{'}_{\mathbb{C}}=\{ z \in \mathbb{C} | \exists f \in \mathbb{Z}[X] \, monic \, such \, that \, f(z)=0\} $ be the integral closure of $ \mathbb{Z} $ in $ \mathbb{C} $. Prove that $ ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Separability of a simple ring extension

Assume $A=K[x,y]\subset K[x,y][w]=B$, $K$ is a field of characteristic zero, $w$ is integral over $A$ (so $B$ is a f.g. $A$-module), but $w$ is not in the field of fractions of $A$, and $B$ is an ...
9
votes
3answers
284 views

Real and Quaternionic Representations according to Weights

According to this question, it is easy to know whether a representation is self dual or not: just check if the weight distribution in space is symmetric about the origin. Now, for self dual ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

What are some examples of non-commutative $\mathbb{Q}$-monoids and/or $\mathbb{R}$-monoids?

Definition 0. Let $R$ denote a commutative semiring with $0$ and $1$. By an $R$-monoid, I mean a monoid $M$ equipped with an action $R \times M \rightarrow M$ denoted $r,m \mapsto m^r$, satisfying the ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Classification of symplectic representations of quaternion division algebras

I would like to know the classification of representations of the form $\rho:B^{\times}\to Sp(V,F)$ or ($Gsp(V)$), where $B$ is a quaternion division algebra over a number field $F$ (or ...
-3
votes
0answers
47 views

If there is in a category $\mathcal{A}$ finite products and equalizers then it has pullbacks [migrated]

My homework consist in showing that "If there is in a category $\mathcal{A}$ finite coproducts and coequalizers then it has pushouts" based on the proof that "If there is in a category $\mathcal{A}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

Does there exist a continuous surjection? [closed]

Let $C$ be an irreducible projective cubic in $\mathbb{P}_2$ with a singular point $p$. So consider $f: \mathbb{P}_1 \to C$ defined as follows. Identify $\mathbb{P}_1$ with the set of lines in ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

Can you “combine” Ord and Mon to get Cat?

Mon is the category of moniods, which can be seen as categories with one object. Ord is the category of preorders, which can be seen as categories with up to one morphism in each homset. Is there ...
-1
votes
1answer
167 views

Why do we not lose any generality by proving it only for finitely generated groups [closed]

In the proof of following theorem, in a paper by Farkas- Here $\Delta(G) = \{ g \in G : |G:C_G(g)| < \infty \}$ and $U_1(\mathbb{Z}G) $ is the set of normalized units of the integral group ring ...
11
votes
2answers
506 views

Obstructions for a group to be the multiplicative group of a field [duplicate]

It is well known that every finite multiplicative subgroup of a field is cyclic. I somehow got interested in a possible reverse implication: Assume we have an abelian group $G$ whose every finite ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

Solvable Lie algebras: embedded in upper triangular matrices?

Let $K$ be an arbitrary field and $\mathfrak{g}$ a finite-dimensional Lie $K$-algebra. Let $\mathfrak{nil}_n\leq\mathfrak{sol}_n\leq\mathfrak{gl}_n$ be the Lie algebras of all ((strictly) ...
30
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is differential Galois theory not widely used?

E.R.Kolchin has developed the differential Galois theory in 1950s. And it seems powerful a tool which can decide the solvability and the form of solutions to a given differential equation.(e.g. ...
0
votes
3answers
173 views

Counting zero-sum free sequences of a given length in $\mathbb{Z}_n$

Let $n$ and $d$ be positive integers. Define $\alpha_n^d$ to be the number of vectors $(x_1, x_2, \cdots, x_d)$ in $\mathbb{Z}_n^d$ such that given any subset $S$ of $\{ 1, 2, 3, \cdots d\}$, ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

The automorphism groups of smallest grammars of a language string are isomorphic

Let $s \in \Sigma^*$ be a formal language string. Consider the automorphism group of $s$, defined to be the set of all permutations of positions of $s$ that leave $s$ fixed. For instance $G(abab) = ...
5
votes
1answer
404 views

Why Jacobson, but not the left (right) maximals individually?

I firstly asked the following question on MathStackExchange a couple of months ago. I did not receive any answers, but a short comment. So, I decided to post it here, hoping to receive answers from ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

When does a faithful module have an element with zero annihilator?

This is a follow up of Example of a finitely generated faithful torsion module over a commutative ring. Let $M$ be a finitely generated module over a commutative ring $R$ with the property that ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

What is the maximal number of sub spaces of a fixed dimension such that there is another sub space which intersects them are all null

Let $\mathbb F_q$ be the finite field with $q$ elements. Suppose $V$ is a linear space of dimension $n$ over $\mathbb F_q$, and $r<n$. What is the maximal $k$ such that for arbitrary $k$ subspaces ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Can we give efficiently the solution of a bilinear system of equations over a finite field?

Consider a finite field $F$ and suppose we have a system of equations $$h_1(\alpha,\beta)=0,h_2(\alpha,\beta)=0,...,h_t(\alpha,\beta)=0$$ where $\alpha=(\alpha_1,...,\alpha_s)$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

An example of a non-(locally cyclic) Abelian group whose automorphism group is cyclic not of order $2$

In the wake of my curiosity on this kind of things, I was thinking if there is an example of a non-(locally cyclic) Abelian group whose automorphism group is cyclic not of order $2$. Every example I ...
10
votes
1answer
480 views

A group whose automorphism group is cyclic

Is there an Abelian group $A$ which is not locally cyclic whose automorphism group is cyclic ? This question was first posted here.
1
vote
0answers
35 views

About alternating polynomials an the Rowen's notation

Some definitions... Definition 1: A polynomial $f(X_1,\dots ,X_d)$ is $t$-linear if the variables $X_1,\dots ,X_t,\; t\leq d$ appear in all monomials of $f$ and degree of $X_i,\; i=1,2,\dots ,t$ on ...
5
votes
2answers
327 views

TM and abstract algebra

Usually, during lectures Turing Machines are firstly introduced from an informal point of view (for example, in this way: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_machine#Informal_description) and then ...
3
votes
0answers
193 views

Is the “algebraic closure” of the quaternions, finite dimensional? [closed]

This post is a sequel of: What's the algebraic closure of the quaternions? $\mathbb{H}$ is algebraically closed for the polynomials of the form $\sum a_r x^r$, but it is not for the polynomials ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

A More Advanced Version of Aluffi's Chapter 0

This is a crosspost of this question from MSE. Paulo Aluffi's Book, Algebra, Chapter 0 aims to teach basic algebra from a categorical viewpoint. The first chapters of the book, however, introduce ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

Action of the homotopy braid groups on reduced free groups

Firstly some definitions: $B_n$ is the braid group with $n$ strands. $\widetilde{B_n}$ is "homotopy braid group", which is a factor group of $B_n$ by adding the relation that $A_{j,k}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Does the associated Lie algebra determine a group?

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

Realizing a monoid as $\mathrm{End}(G)$ for some graph $G$

This question relates to Realizing groups as automorphism groups of graphs. Given a monoid $M$, is there a graph $G$ such that the endomorphism monoid $\textrm{End}(G)$ is isomorphic to $M$?
29
votes
1answer
1k views

Algebraic dependency over $\mathbb{F}_{2}$

Let $f_{1},f_{2},\ldots,f_{n}$ be $n$ polynomials in $\mathbb{F}_{2}[x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n}]$ such that $\forall a=(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n)\in\mathbb{F}_{2}^{n}$ we have $\forall ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Criterion for global dimension of subring

All rings are assumed to be associative and unital. If $B$ is a commutative sub-ring of $A$ (which itself needs not be commutative) then what properties of $B$ are both necessary and sufficient for ...
1
vote
0answers
268 views

Testing the faithfulness of group homomorphisms by testing on the level of induced Lie Algebras

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathrm{gr}_k(G)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Bounded Index of Nilpotency of $R[x]$

A ring $R$ is called with bounded index (of nilpotency) $n$ if $n$ is the smallest natural number such that $a^n=0$ for all nilpotent $a \in R$. Now let $R$ be a commutatitve ring with bounded index ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, Is $|(R\mathbb{Z}^N)/\mathbb{Z}^M|=|(R^T\mathbb{Z}^M)/\mathbb{Z}^N|$?

Let $R$ be a $M\times N$ matrix with rational entries, $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ be the image of $\mathbb{Z}^N$ under R. Consider a equivalent relation on $R\mathbb{Z}^N$ defined by $a\sim b$ if $a-b\in ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

The formula for a perhaps basic identity (move from stackexchange)

The following question is moved from math stackexchange. It seems that this is not a popular question, but I really want to know the answer so I moved it to here. The question reads as follows. We ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

How can the Cayley-table for the elements of basis of a Cayley-Dickson algebra be summarized in an algebraic expression?

One would be able to construct a Cayley table that has all $e_i$ elements of the basis of algebra $A$ where $0<i<\dim A$ such that $e_0=1$ and $e_1=i$ and $e_2=j$ and so on. I'm looking for an ...
5
votes
3answers
346 views

Poincare duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. In Algebra, Geometry, and Software Systems by Joswig & Takayama on p.200 it ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

Is the identification between symmetric tensors and homogeneous polynomials useful?

The general question: Given an $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ over a field $k$, there exists an identification $$\mathrm{Sym}^d(V) \sim k[x_1, \dots, x_n]_d$$ between the space of symmetric order ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Euclidean Algorithm for differential operators

While perusing through the article "Algorithms for solving linear ordinary differential equations" by Winfried Fakler (a pdf can be found through a google search), I noticed Faker mentioning on page 2 ...
9
votes
1answer
540 views

Is $\mathbb{R}$ a $\mathbb{C}$-module without AC?

Assuming ZFC. We can make $(\mathbb{R},+)$ into a nontrivial(scaler multiplication is not identicaly zero) $\mathbb{C}$-module. Now my questions are? 0.Is it consistent with $ZF$ that $\mathbb{R}$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
216 views

Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course. Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Examples of reduced associative algebras

An associative $K$-algebra A is called reduced (or often basic) if $A/rad(A)$ has no nilpotent elements. It can be shown that this is equivalent to that $A/rad(A)$ is a isomorphic to a direct sum of ...
0
votes
0answers
115 views

Soluble group algebras and centralizers

Let $K$ be field with $\mathrm{char}(K) = p > 0$ and $G$ a finite group such that $KG$ is soluble. Then the $p$-Sylow-subgroup of $G$ is normal and contains the derived group of $G$ and every ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

Definition of 'Koszul Ring' (in BGS)

In the paper 'Koszul Duality Patterns in Representation Theory' by Beilinson et. al, they give the definition of a Koszul Ring: A Koszul ring is a positively graded ring $A = \bigoplus_{j \geq 0} ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Using group presentation for its corresponding semigroup?

Somewhere Colin M. Campbell noted: If $A$ is a semigroup defined as $$A=Sg(\pi)=\langle a_1,\cdots, a_d\mid u_1=v_1,\cdots,u_e=v_e\rangle $$ then the same generators with the same relations can ...
2
votes
0answers
194 views

Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation

My question is about a method described in Dr.Math forum for simplifying equations involving sums of radical functions. (The following is a transcription of the example given by Dr. Vogler): --- ...