The absolute-galois-group tag has no usage guidance.

**70**

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**10**answers

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### “Understanding” $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have heard people say that a major goal of number theory is to understand the absolute Galois group of the rational numbers $G = \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. What do people mean when ...

**34**

votes

**9**answers

5k views

### What are dessins d'enfants?

There was an observation that any algebraic curve over Q can be rationally mapped to P^1 without three points and this led ...

**29**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### On what kind of objects do the Galois groups act?

I am neither number theorist nor algebraic geometer. I am wondering
whether Galois groups of number fields (say the absolute Galois
group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$) act on objects which
...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question:
Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$.
Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Number theory textbook based on the absolute Galois group?

I've just finished reading Ash and Gross's Fearless Symmetry, a wonderful little pop mathematics book on, among other things, Galois representations. The book made clear a very interesting ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Element in the absolute Galois group of the rationals

Usually when people talk on the absolute Galois group Gℚ of ℚ they have in mind two elements they can describe explicitly, namely the identity and complex conjugation (clearly, everything ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

808 views

### What can we say about center of rational absolute Galois group?

Well the question is in the title.
I asked myself this question while thinking about something in Grothendieck-Teichmüller theory. I guess class field theory gives some insight into this, or I am ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

698 views

### Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension.
What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group
$\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### What do dessins tell us about the absolute Galois group?

I have sometimes seen it asserted that one manifestiation of how complicated the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ is is that one can not "pin down" any single ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

785 views

### Is the etale fundamental group of Spec(Z)\{p_1,…,p_n} finitely presented?

(of course not, it's usually uncountable; I really mean is it the profinite completion of a finitely presented group).
By definition, $\pi_1^{\operatorname{et}}(\operatorname{Spec}(\mathbb Z)\...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

430 views

### Dessins d'enfants and absolute Galois group

I would like to know what is the recent progress about the group homomorphism
$$ \mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})\rightarrow \mathrm{Out}(\hat{F_{2}})$$
$\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

571 views

### Absolute Galois group of the field of Puiseux series over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$

Let $K$ be the field of Puiseux series with coefficients in $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ (the algebraic closure of the field with $p$ elements).
What is the absolute Galois group of $K$?
Thank you to ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Maximal extension almost everywhere unramified and totally split at one place

Fix a finite set of primes $S$ and an additional prime $p$. Let $K$ be the maximal extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ that is unramified outside $S$ and $\infty$ and totally split at $p$. Is the extension $K$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Conjugacy classes in the absolute galois group

We consider $G_{\mathbb Q} = Gal(\mathbb {\bar Q}/\mathbb Q)$. The Frobenius elements corresponding to each prime are well-studied. But these are really not elements; these are only defined as some ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

413 views

### Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class?
I know how ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

682 views

### Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

741 views

### field automorphism action on $Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^*,\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\bar{\mathbb Q}^\star,\mathbb{Z})$

I am interested in the action of field automorphism group $Aut(\mathbb{C}/\mathbb{Q})$ on
$Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^{\star},\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\mathbb{\bar Q}^*,\mathbb{Z})$, and, more generally, on
$Ext^...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

622 views

### Langlands program vs Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture

Edward Frenkel said that "we can see Langlands program as a generalization of Shimura-Taniyama-Weil conjecture in the case of elliptic curves"
I hope I'm not distorting his phrase, can someone ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

494 views

### Cartographic group and flat stringy connection

There's a literature about dessins d'enfants (including my previous question here), and one amazing thing about them is that absolute Galois group Gal Q acts on ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$.
Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that
$G/K$ is free of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Galois action on ultrapowers

Let $K$ be a char $0$ field with algebraic closure $\bar K$ and absolute Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal U$ be an ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$ and $F=\bar K^\mathbb N/\mathcal U$ be the ultrapower of $\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

$\newcommand{\M}{\mathcal{M}_0}$$\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}$
It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

415 views

### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact?
Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### Is the absolute Galois group of the field of Laurent series in positive characteristic finitely generated?

If $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, then $K((t))$, the field of Laurent series with coefficients in $K$, has infinitely many Galois extensions of degree $p$. Indeed, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### Haar measure on Galois groups

Galois groups are nice compact Hausdorff groups, and therefore possess a bounded Haar measure, unique if we insist that the total volume be $1$. What is the Haar measure on the absolute Galois group ...

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votes

**2**answers

432 views

### Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

477 views

### The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me).
I've been ...

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votes

**0**answers

689 views

### Children's drawings and Seiberg-Witten curves

This physics (bear with me for a while) paper seems to say something about Gal \bar Q/Q:
Children's Drawings From Seiberg-Witten Curves, hep-th/061108.
Let's ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

912 views

### What does Gal(Q_p/Q) mean? [closed]

What does
$\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$ mean? ($p$ is a prime number.)
If it is defined as $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$, then does it have any property ...

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vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$?
Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...

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vote

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230 views

### Extending systems of l-adic representations to other l

I'm asking this not because I have an idea how one might approach it, but because it seems natural and inherently interesting.
Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K$ its absolute Galois group, and $\ell\...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

527 views

### Is the absolute Galois group the same as the automorphism group? [closed]

Is the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}|\mathbf{Q})$ the same as the group $\mathrm{Aut}_{\mathbf{Q}}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}})$ the automorphism group in the category of $\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...

**0**

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**0**answers

368 views

### English version of “Quasi-Hopf Algebras”

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...