# Tagged Questions

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### “Understanding” $\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$

I have heard people say that a major goal of number theory is to understand the absolute Galois group of the rational numbers $G = \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$. What do people mean when ...
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### What are dessins d'enfants?

There was an observation that any algebraic curve over Q can be rationally mapped to P^1 without three points and this led ...
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### On what kind of objects do the Galois groups act?

I am neither number theorist nor algebraic geometer. I am wondering whether Galois groups of number fields (say the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$) act on objects which ...
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### Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question: Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$. Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...
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### Number theory textbook based on the absolute Galois group?

I've just finished reading Ash and Gross's Fearless Symmetry, a wonderful little pop mathematics book on, among other things, Galois representations. The book made clear a very interesting ...
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### Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...
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### Element in the absolute Galois group of the rationals

Usually when people talk on the absolute Galois group Gℚ of ℚ they have in mind two elements they can describe explicitly, namely the identity and complex conjugation (clearly, everything ...
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### What can we say about center of rational absolute Galois group?

Well the question is in the title. I asked myself this question while thinking about something in Grothendieck-Teichmüller theory. I guess class field theory gives some insight into this, or I am ...
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### Profinite groups as absolute Galois groups

It is a well-known result that all profinite groups arise as the Galois group of some field extension. What profinite groups are the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}|K)$ of some ...
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### What do dessins tell us about the absolute Galois group?

I have sometimes seen it asserted that one manifestiation of how complicated the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ is is that one can not "pin down" any single ...
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### Absolute Galois group of the field of Puiseux series over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$

Let $K$ be the field of Puiseux series with coefficients in $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ (the algebraic closure of the field with $p$ elements). What is the absolute Galois group of $K$? Thank you to ...
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### Maximal extension almost everywhere unramified and totally split at one place

Fix a finite set of primes $S$ and an additional prime $p$. Let $K$ be the maximal extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ that is unramified outside $S$ and $\infty$ and totally split at $p$. Is the extension $K$ ...
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### Weight filtration on certain Galois representations

Let $G$ be the absolute Galois group of a number field $K$. Let $\ell$ be a prime number. There are representations $\mathbb{Z}_\ell(n)$ of $G$ on the group of $\ell$-adic integers given by the ...
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### Conjugacy classes in the absolute galois group

We consider $G_{\mathbb Q} = Gal(\mathbb {\bar Q}/\mathbb Q)$. The Frobenius elements corresponding to each prime are well-studied. But these are really not elements; these are only defined as some ...
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### Frobenius elements in infinite extensions

Let $K$ be a number field, $\bar K$ an algebraic closure and $G$ the associated absolute Galois group. How can I define the Frobenius elements of $G$ or at least their conjugacy class? I know how ...
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### Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...
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### Galois group for 0-dimensional motives

$\newcommand{\M}{\mathcal{M}_0}$$\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}$ It is my understanding that in dimension 0, the theory of motives should just be Galois theory for fields. I am hoping to find a reference ...
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### Unramified extension of number fields

Any finite field extension (in particular Galois extension) of $\mathbb{Q}$ is ramified. Is there an intuitive geometric explanation of this fact? Suppose we have an number field $K$, is any Galois ...
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### Is the absolute Galois group of the field of Laurent series in positive characteristic finitely generated?

If $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, then $K((t))$, the field of Laurent series with coefficients in $K$, has infinitely many Galois extensions of degree $p$. Indeed, ...
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### Haar measure on Galois groups

Galois groups are nice compact Hausdorff groups, and therefore possess a bounded Haar measure, unique if we insist that the total volume be $1$. What is the Haar measure on the absolute Galois group ...
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### Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
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### The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me). I've been ...
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### Children's drawings and Seiberg-Witten curves

This physics (bear with me for a while) paper seems to say something about Gal \bar Q/Q: Children's Drawings From Seiberg-Witten Curves, hep-th/061108. Let's ...
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### What does Gal(Q_p/Q) mean? [closed]

What does $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$ mean? ($p$ is a prime number.) If it is defined as $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$, then does it have any property ...
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### Which fields have no extensions of degree divisble by a fixed prime?

Let $p$ be a prime. What are the most general examples of a field $K$ such that for any finite extension $L/K$ the degree $[L:K]$ is prime to $p$? Certainly, there are algebraically closed examples ...
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### Fixed field of the Nebentypus of a newform for $\Gamma_1(N)$

Let $f=\sum_{n\geq 1}\in S_2(\Gamma_1(N),\varepsilon)$ be a normalized newform without CM and with Nebentypus $\varepsilon$. Let $L=\mathbb Q(a_n\colon n\in \mathbb N)$ be the number field generated ...
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### English version of “Quasi-Hopf Algebras”

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...