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0
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0answers
184 views

English version of “Quasi-Hopf Algebras”

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...
2
votes
2answers
389 views

The relationship between SL(2,Z) and Gal(Qbar,Q)

(caveat: I'm not a number-theorist or Langlands-programme-er, and I don't expect to understand all the answers to this question, but I figured they might be useful to someone besides me). I've been ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Galois action on ultrapowers

Let $K$ be a char $0$ field with algebraic closure $\bar K$ and absolute Galois group $G$. Let $\mathcal U$ be an ultrafilter on $\mathbb N$ and $F=\bar K^\mathbb N/\mathcal U$ be the ultrapower of ...
1
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0answers
187 views

Extending systems of l-adic representations to other l

I'm asking this not because I have an idea how one might approach it, but because it seems natural and inherently interesting. Let $K$ be a number field, $G_K$ its absolute Galois group, and ...
6
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2answers
566 views

Is it known if the absolute Galois group is “divisible”?

The definitions of a divisible group that I have seen all seem to assume abelian is an a priori property of the group. My question is as to whether or not it is known that--given a non-torsion element ...
2
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0answers
315 views

Haar measure on Galois groups

Galois groups are nice compact Hausdorff groups, and therefore possess a bounded Haar measure, unique if we insist that the total volume be $1$. What is the Haar measure on the absolute Galois group ...
7
votes
1answer
470 views

Absolute Galois group of the field of Puiseux series over $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$

Let $K$ be the field of Puiseux series with coefficients in $\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p$ (the algebraic closure of the field with $p$ elements). What is the absolute Galois group of $K$? Thank you to ...
2
votes
2answers
342 views

Place stabilizers for the absolute Galois Group

Fix an algebraic closure, $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ for the rationals and consider the set, $B_p$, of all places of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ over a fixed (possibly infinite) prime, $p$, of $\mathbb{Q}$. ...
3
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2answers
310 views

Is the absolute Galois group of the field of Laurent series in positive characteristic finitely generated?

If $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, then $K((t))$, the field of Laurent series with coefficients in $K$, has infinitely many Galois extensions of degree $p$. Indeed, ...
4
votes
2answers
941 views

non-continuous inverse Galois problem

Let $G=Gal(\bar{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ be the absolute Galois group over $\mathbf{Q}$. Q1: Is it possible to find a (necessarily non-closed) normal subgroup $K\leq G$ such that $G/K$ is free of ...
20
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3answers
1k views

Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question: Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$. Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
776 views

What does Gal(Q_p/Q) mean? [closed]

What does $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$ mean? ($p$ is a prime number.) If it is defined as $\mathrm{Aut}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_{p}/\mathbb{Q})$, then does it have any property ...
28
votes
3answers
2k views

On what kind of objects do the Galois groups act?

I am neither number theorist nor algebraic geometer. I am wondering whether Galois groups of number fields (say the absolute Galois group $Gal(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})$) act on objects which ...
11
votes
1answer
696 views

Is the etale fundamental group of Spec(Z)\{p_1,…,p_n} finitely presented?

(of course not, it's usually uncountable; I really mean is it the profinite completion of a finitely presented group). By definition, $\pi_1^{\operatorname{et}}(\operatorname{Spec}(\mathbb ...
11
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0answers
905 views

What do dessins tell us about the absolute Galois group?

I have sometimes seen it asserted that one manifestiation of how complicated the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}/\mathbf{Q})$ is is that one can not "pin down" any single ...
6
votes
0answers
727 views

field automorphism action on $Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^*,\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\bar{\mathbb Q}^\star,\mathbb{Z})$

I am interested in the action of field automorphism group $Aut(\mathbb{C}/\mathbb{Q})$ on $Ext^1(\mathbb{C}^{\star},\mathbb{Z})$ or $Ext^1(\mathbb{\bar Q}^*,\mathbb{Z})$, and, more generally, on ...
18
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1answer
1k views

Are class numbers encoded in the absolute Galois group of ${\mathbb Q}$?

The absolute Galois group $G_{\mathbb Q}=\text{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb Q}/\mathbb Q)$, as a profinite group, encodes a lot of things: the whole lattice of number fields (closed subgroups of finite index), ...
7
votes
1answer
850 views

Maximal extension almost everywhere unramified and totally split at one place

Fix a finite set of primes $S$ and an additional prime $p$. Let $K$ be the maximal extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ that is unramified outside $S$ and $\infty$ and totally split at $p$. Is the extension $K$ ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Conjugacy classes in the absolute galois group

We consider $G_{\mathbb Q} = Gal(\mathbb {\bar Q}/\mathbb Q)$. The Frobenius elements corresponding to each prime are well-studied. But these are really not elements; these are only defined as some ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Number theory textbook based on the absolute Galois group?

I've just finished reading Ash and Gross's Fearless Symmetry, a wonderful little pop mathematics book on, among other things, Galois representations. The book made clear a very interesting ...
9
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6answers
2k views

Element in the absolute Galois group of the rationals

Usually when people talk on the absolute Galois group Gℚ of ℚ they have in mind two elements they can describe explicitly, namely the identity and complex conjugation (clearly, everything ...
2
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0answers
649 views

Children's drawings and Seiberg-Witten curves

This physics (bear with me for a while) paper seems to say something about Gal \bar Q/Q: Children's Drawings From Seiberg-Witten Curves, hep-th/061108. Let's ...
54
votes
10answers
6k views

“Understanding” Gal(\bar Q/Q)

I have heard people say that a major goal of number theory is to understand the absolute Galois group of the rational numbers G = Gal(Q bar/Q). What do people mean when they say this? The ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Cartographic group and flat stringy connection

There's a literature about dessins d'enfants (including my previous question here), and one amazing thing about them is that absolute Galois group Gal Q acts on ...
30
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9answers
4k views

What are dessins d'enfants?

There was an observation that any algebraic curve over Q can be rationally mapped to P^1 without three points and this led ...