The abelian-groups tag has no wiki summary.

**19**

votes

**4**answers

980 views

### Categorical proof subgroups of free groups are free?

This is a crossport of this question from MSE.
Is there a categorical proof that subgroups of free groups are free?
How about the result that subgroups of free abelian groups are free abelian?
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

230 views

### Sets which are unions of translates of each other but aren't single translates

I'm a hobbyist mathematician so any question I ask here might be at risk of closure. I hope this one is good enough, but I'm not sure. This is a continuation of two questions I asked on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Freeness of torsion-free abelian groups

Let $A$ be a countable torsion-free abelian group. The following conditions are well known to be equivalent:
$A$ is free abelian,
every finite rank pure subgroup of $A$ is free abelian.
Consider ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Is $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$ ever the union of a chain of proper subgroups each isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$?

Recall that the covering number $cov(B)$ is the least cardinal $\kappa$ such that $\kappa$ meagre sets cover the real line. Andreas Blass and John Irwin http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/bb.pdf ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Local cross sections in infinite dimensional groups

Let $G$ be an (infinite dimensional) compact connected abelian group and $H$ be a closed subgroup of $G$. The quotient morphism $G\to G/H$ may not possess a local cross section, there are examples ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

101 views

### Ring of endomorphisms as a criterion of a dimension 1 module

Let $R$ be a unital ring and $M$ be an $R$-module. I have some questions about relation between the ring $\operatorname{End}_R M$ of endomorphisms and the notion of “dimension” of a module. I’m not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### The special subgroups of a finite abelian group of rank two

Let $G=\langle a_{1}\rangle\times\langle a_{2}\rangle$ such that $|a_{i}|=2^{k_{i}}$ and $k_{1}>k_{2}$ and $H$ be a subgroup of $G$ that there exists an automorphism of $G$ such that fix only ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### C* algebras of Almost Periodic Functions

Suppose we take, for example, the $C^*$-algebra which is the sup norm closure of the exponentials $e^{2 \pi i ax}$ where $a \in \mathbb{Z} + \theta \mathbb{Z}$ for $\theta$ an irrational number. This ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Do all exact sequences $0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow A \oplus B \rightarrow B \rightarrow 0$ split for finitely generated abelian groups?

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are finitely generated Abelian groups. Are all exact sequences of the form $0 \rightarrow A \rightarrow A \oplus B \rightarrow B \rightarrow 0$ split?
If not, is there an example?
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Is the annihilator of the intersection of two subgroups of a (countable) discrete abelian group generated by the annihilators of the two subgroups?

Let $G$ be a (countable) discrete abelian group and denote by $\hat{G}$ its Pontryagin dual, i.e. the compact abelian group of group homomorphisms $\chi:G \longrightarrow \mathbb{T}$. Recall that, for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Nearly slender abelian groups

Let $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}$ be the Baer-Specker group (infinite direct product of the additive group of integers) and $\bigoplus_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}$ be the natural subgroup which is the ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

554 views

### The existence of non-trivial homomorphisms $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}/\bigoplus_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}\to\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{Z}$

Let $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}$ be the Baer-Specker group and $\bigoplus_{n=1}^{\infty}\mathbb{Z}$ be the natural free abelian subgroup. It is known that if $G$ is a countable abelian group with ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### When does a cogenerator determine a variety?

Two varieties of universal algebras are categorically equivalent iff their respective full subcategories of finitely generated free algebras are equivalent. Roughly speaking, this follows because they ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Name and references for a “twisted” addition in a ring

This question may seem a little unmotivated, but it actually isn't something that just occurred to me out of nowhere. It stems from a discussion I had the other day with a friend and is directly ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Tensor product of topological abelian groups with the reals

Given an abelian group A, the tensor product $A \otimes R$, where R are the reals, is naturally an R-vector space.
Now suppose that A is a topological abelian group (if necessary, we can assume it ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

274 views

### Completion of abelian topological groups

During some exercises I came upon the following questions that I cannot answer myself. Given a topological group $G$ we can build the completion using cauchy sequences and denote this completion by ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

487 views

### Automorphism group of a finite group

I would like to ask if there exists an explicit description of $\mathrm{Aut}(G)$, the group of automorphisms of a finite group $G$, in particular, when $G$ is abelian. E.g., if $G = ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Looking for concrete description of a category derived from abelian groups

The category of abelian groups $\mathsf{Ab}$ is the $\mathcal{Ind}$-completion of the full subcategory of finitely presentable abelian groups $\mathsf{Ab}_{fp}$. This is not so special, since the ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

758 views

### Epimorphisms $\mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}} \to \mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}}$ are split

Consider the additive group of integer sequences $\mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}}$. Why does every epimorphism of groups $\mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}} \to \mathbb{Z}^{\mathbb{N}}$ split? $(\star)$
Actually this ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### The 2-group of extensions

Let $A,B$ objects of an abelian category. Then we can define the abelian group $\mathrm{Ext}^1(A,B)$ as the set of isomorphism classes of extensions $0 \to B \to E \to A \to 0$, endowed with the Baer ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Direct product decomposition for infinite abelian groups with constrained torsion

Let $g$ be a positive integer, and let $G$ be a commutative group with the following constraint on its torsion subgroup: there is an injection $G[\operatorname{tors}] \hookrightarrow ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### constructive Serre classes

A Serre class (of abelian groups) is a class of abelian groups closed under subgroups, quotients, and extensions. For instance, finitely generated groups and finite groups are both Serre classes.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

160 views

### How many subgroups of order $\prod_{1}^{n} p_{i}^{n_{i}}$ are there in the finite product of cyclic groups?

All of the following ${p_{i},q_{i}}$are prime numbers, ${n,m,k}$ are pre-assigned integers.
Consider the product of cyclic groups $\prod_{1}^{n} \mathbb Z_{p_{i}^{n_{i}}}$ then we asked the question:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Quotients of Abelian Groups

Let $G$ be an abelian group and let $A$ and $B$ be subgroups of $G$. Furthermore, let $C$ be a subgroup of $A \cap B$. I would like to find another subgroup $A+B \subseteq D \subseteq G$ so that ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

704 views

### Subgroups of $\mathbb{Z}^n$

I hope that the following problem isn't actually elementary (at least, for the sake of the fact that I'm posting it here), and I apologize if it is. I did try hard to solve it first.
Let $V$ be a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

493 views

### Classification of symtrivial modules over a PID

Let us call a module $M$ over a commutative ring $R$ symtrivial if the symmetry $M \otimes M \to M \otimes M, a \otimes b \mapsto b \otimes a$ equals the identity (the same notion applies to arbitrary ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

266 views

### abelian subgroups

Have the groups "PSL(n,q)" and "PSL(n,q).f ", the same maxiaml abelian subgroups or not?(where "PSL(n,q).f " is the extension of PSL(n,q) by the field automorphism of it) Is there any counterexample ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

363 views

### Finite / uniquely divisible abelian groups

Is there any counter example for the following statement?
STATEMENT:
Let $0 \to F \to A \to Q \to 0$ be a short exact sequence of abelian groups.
Assume that $F$ is a finite group, and $Q$ is a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Inductive vs projective limit of sequence of split surjections

Let
$$
A_1\twoheadrightarrow
A_2\twoheadrightarrow
A_3\twoheadrightarrow
A_4\twoheadrightarrow
\cdots
$$
be an inductive sequence of countable abelian groups, the connecting homomorphisms of which are ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### $p$-primary then divisible?

I asked this via MathSE, but haven't got any responces. Sorry for asking it here. Sorry.
We know that in the context of abelian groups, $p$-groups are called $p$-primary groups. I have a question ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

254 views

### Why does tensor product in Ab(V) require colimits in V?

In Tom Leinster's book on operads, he gives Ab(V), the category of abelian groups in a symmetric monoidal category V, as an example of a multicategory that doesn't arise from a monoidal category, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

498 views

### Linear algebra of finite abelian groups

If $f: V \to W$ is a surjective homomorphism of vector spaces, and we have fixed a basis for $V$, it is always possible to find a basis for $W$ such that the matrix associated to $\phi$ in the two ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### On the existence of a direct summand containing a fixed subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group, and $g_1, \ldots, g_n \in G$ such that the cyclic groups that they generate are in direct sum $\langle g_1 \rangle \oplus \ldots \oplus \langle g_n \rangle$. Is it ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

384 views

### Examples of uncountable abelian $p$-groups

Does anyone know of any interesting examples of an infinite abelian $p$-group which is uncountable?
By non-interesting here I mean the direct sums of cylic and quasi-cylic groups, and totally ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Cancellation theorem for lattices

By a lattice, we mean a finitely generated, free $\mathbb{Z}$-module together with a symmetric bilinear form. Typical examples are the hyperbolic lattices $U$ and the root lattices $A_{n}, D_{n}, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

512 views

### Maximal subgroups of a finite p-group

I want to prove the following:
Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group that is not cyclic.
Let $L \ne {1}$ be a subgroup of $G$ and $U$ be a maximal subgroup of L then there exists a maximal subgroup ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

624 views

### Hall polynomial when the subgroup is cyclic?

Does anyone know the formula for a Hall polynomial $g_{u,v}^{\lambda}(p)$ when $v$ is the type of cyclic subgroup (ie. $v=(v_{1})$ ) .
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hall_algebra
I was hoping this ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

988 views

### Mysterious property of $\mathbb{Q}$

Hi,
I am currently working through the paper by Bousfield and Gugenheim on rational homotopy theory, and have come to a point where they show why it is important to work over $\mathbb{Q}$, and not ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

538 views

### Cyclic subgroups of finite abelian groups

I learned from MO Subgroups of a finite abelian group that the problem of enumerating subgroups (not up to isomorphism) of finite abelian groups is a difficult one.
Are there simple formulas if one ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

336 views

### Is the class of additive groups of rings axiomatizable?

I know that it is impossible to axiomatize the multiplicative structures of rings, called $R$-semigroups. Is anything known about the first-order axiomatizability of the class of abelian groups which ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

626 views

### Zero-sum partition of an abelian group

This is a question I have been asking myself some 5 years ago. I later got bored by lack of progress, but maybe some additive combinatorialists here know further. I'm not claiming it is conceptual or ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

393 views

### minimal divisible group

I am trying to prove this:
If a divisible group $E$ containining $A$ is minimal divisible then $A$ is an essential subgroup of $E$.
Let $ < c > =C, \ C\cap A = 0$. Without loss of generality ...

**26**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Do the algebraic integers form a free abelian group?

It is a well-known fact, proved in every introductory textbook on algebraic number theory, that if $K$ is an algebraic number field, i.e. a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}$, then its ring ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

566 views

### Minimal generation for finite abelian groups

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. I know of two ways of writing it as a direct sum of cyclic groups:
1) With orders $d_1, d_2, \ldots, d_k$ in such a way that $d_i|d_{i+1}$,
2) With orders that are ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Cardinality of the set of elements of fixed order.

Let us consider the group $G:=\mathbb{Z}_N^a$ (the product of the cyclic group with $N$ elements with itself $a$ times). Suppose we are given a number $m$ that divides $N$.
I would like to know how ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

443 views

### Definable subsets of the integers as an abelian subgroup?

Consider the integers as a first-order structure in the language {0,+,-} of abelian groups. I suspect that the collection of definable subsets (without parameters) of this structure is an algebra ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

438 views

### A question about the additive group of a finitely generated integral domain

Let $R$ be an integral domain of characteristic 0 finitely generated as a ring over $\mathbb{Z}$. Can the quotient group $(R,+)/(\mathbb{Z},+)$ contain a divisible element? By a "divisible element" I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

417 views

### Reference request: a locally cyclic group is isomorphic to a section of the rational numbers

A group $G$ is locally cyclic if whenever $H \le G$ is a finitely generated subgroup then $H$ is cyclic. If $G$ is a locally cyclic group then $G$ is isomorphic to a quotient of a subgroup of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Categories with canonical factorizations into products satisfying two particular properties

An old splitting theorem for (Hausdorff) locally compact abelian (LCA) groups says that any LCA group $L$ is isomorphic to a direct product of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $L_1$, where $L_1$ contains a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Positive cone of a subgroup of Z^n

This question sounds like it should be very well known, but for some reason I failed to find a decent answer anywhere. Let $G\subset\mathbb{Z}^n$ be a subgroup, and $G_+=G\cap\mathbb{Z}_{\ge0}^n$ be a ...